List of accidents and incidents involving airliners by location

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This list of accidents and incidents on airliners by location summarizes airline accidents by states location, airline company with flight number, date, and cause.

It is also available grouped

For alternative, more exhaustive lists, see:

Airlines often seem to be remembered by their worst accidents and incidents. In that sense this list presents a good overview. While all the accidents and incidents in this list are noteworthy, not all involve fatalities.

If the aircraft crashed on land, it will be listed under a continent and a country. If the aircraft crashed on a body of water, it will be listed under that body of water.

Contents

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Angola[edit]

Benin[edit]

Canary Islands, Spain[edit]

  • KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 crashed during takeoff from Tenerife in the Canary Islands on 27 March 1977 in what has become known as the Tenerife airport disaster, the worst aviation disaster in history. The ground collision was caused by a number of factors, including weather conditions, pilot error, and technical limitations. A total of 583 people aboard both aircraft died. Survivors numbered 61 (54 passengers, 7 crew).
  • Dan-Air Flight 1008 crashed into a mountain on Tenerife near Los Rodeos due to pilot error on 25 April 1980. All 146 people aboard were killed. The accident was the greatest loss of life on a British-registered aircraft.

Cameroon[edit]

Chad[edit]

  • Air West Flight 612 was hijacked shortly after takeoff from Khartoum, Sudan, and flown to N'Djamena, Chad on 24 January 2007. There were no casualties, and the hijacker gave himself up upon reaching Chad.
  • On 19 September 1989 UTA Flight 772, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 (registration N54629)[2] operating the Brazzaville-N'Djamena-Paris CDG sector, was bombed 46 minutes after take-off from N'Djamena causing the aircraft to crash while flying over Niger. All 156 passengers and 14 crew members on board perished.[1][2] For nearly 20 years, this incident marked the deadliest air disaster involving a French-operated airliner, in terms of loss of life. As of June 2009, it ranks as the second-deadliest (see Air France Flight 447).

Côte d'Ivoire[edit]

  • Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashed shortly after takeoff from Abidjan on 30 January 2000. Ten passengers survived. Of the 169 fatalities, 146 bodies were recovered, and 103 of those bodies were identified.
  • Varig Flight 797 crashed into the jungle near Abidjan after engine failure on 3 January 1987. Of 51 on board, 50 people died; a single passenger survived.

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

  • A L-410 aircraft operated by Free Airlines crashed in a swamp shortly after takeoff from Kamina Airport on 21 June 2007. The plane was overloaded, carrying 21 passengers and crew rather than the 17 maximum specified. One person died, and four others were badly injured.
  • An Antonov An-26 operated by Africa One crashed and burned shortly after takeoff from Kinshasa on 4 October 2007. Deaths numbered 51, including 31 on the ground. One, possibly two, passengers survived. The cause of the crash is under investigation.
  • In the 1996 Air Africa crash, an Antonov An-32 operated by Air Africa failed to takeoff and overran the runway at N'Dolo Airport and crashed into a crowded street market on 8 January 1996. The aircraft was operating illegally. At least two passengers died, along with an estimated 350 on the ground. An estimated 500 others were injured. Both pilots were charged and convicted of 225 counts of manslaughter and served two-year sentences.
  • Hewa Bora Airways Flight 122 crashed into a residential and market area of Goma on 15 April 2008 after its engines failed during takeoff. Three passengers and 37 people on the ground died; 83 passengers and 8 crew survived. Additionally 111 injuries were reported, 40 of whom were passengers.

Egypt[edit]

  • Pan Am Flight 93 was hijacked as a part of the Dawson's Field hijackings on 6 September 1970 and flown to Beirut and then to Cairo. The aircraft was blown up by the hijackers seconds after the passengers were deplaned.
  • Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashed into the Red Sea shortly after takeoff from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport on 3 January 2004. All 148 aboard were killed. The findings of the crash investigation are controversial, with accident investigators from the different countries involved not agreeing on the cause.
  • Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by Israeli fighter jets on 21 February 1973 after it entered Israeli airspace and its pilots ignored instructions from the fighter pilots. Deaths were 108 of those aboard; one of the five survivors included the copilot.
  • PIA Flight 705 crashed while attempting to land at Cairo International Airport on 20 May 1965 when the pilot descended too quickly. Five passengers survived; the other 119 people aboard died.
  • TWA Flight 903 crashed during a forced emergency landing in the desert near Cairo after an engine caught fire and separated from the aircraft mid-flight on 1 September 1950. All 55 aboard were killed.

Liberia[edit]

Libya[edit]

Mali[edit]

Niger[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

  • ADC Airlines Flight 53 crashed into a corn field on 29 October 2006 shortly after take off from Abuja. Deaths numbered 97 people, including one on the ground; nine people survived. The exact cause of the crash is disputed.
  • Bellview Airlines Flight 210 crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos on 22 October 2005, killing all 117 people aboard. The cause of the crash is under investigation, though a lightning strike is considered to be the most likely explanation.
  • EAS Airlines Flight 4226 crashed in a residential section of the city of Kano on 4 May 2002 due to pilot error. Deaths included 75 people aboard the aircraft, as well as 73 people on the ground, in the crash and ensuing fire. Five passengers survived with injuries. The crash was the highest death toll in an accident involving a BAC 1-11.
  • Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145 crash landed on the runway at Port Harcourt International Airport on 10 December 2005. Deaths were 108 people on board, including 61 secondary school students, in the impact and fire. Two passengers survived. The cause of the crash is believed to be weather-related, though this has not been confirmed by authorities.
  • Dana Air Flight 992 crashed into a two-story building at Iju Railway, Ishaga a suburb of Lagos. All 153 people on board the aircraft were killed. Following the crash, all flights by Dana Air were halted by Nigeria's Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA).

Rwanda[edit]

  • RwandAir Flight 205 crashed into a building after its engine speed's were jammed causing a crash

and an emergency landing was made in Kigali on 12 November 2009, killing one passenger. The accident is currently under investigation.

South Africa[edit]

Sudan[edit]

  • Sudan Airways Flight 109 crashed, broke apart, and caught fire upon landing at Khartoum on 10 June 2008. The cause of the accident is still under investigation. Thirty people are confirmed dead, and 6 are missing.
  • Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashed in Port Sudan on 8 July 2003 killing all 117 aboard. The flight crew was not able to see the runway in the low visibility and crashed when attempting a missed approach.
  • Sudan Airways Flight 111 was hijacked on 30 March 2007. The hijacker demanded to be flown to South Africa, but agreed to stop to refuel in Khartoum, where he was arrested.

Togo[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

  • Air New Zealand Flight 901 crashed into the side of Mount Erebus, Antarctica, on 28 November 1979 for various reasons including pilot error, maintenance crew error, and whiteout conditions. All 257 aboard died.

Asia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Bahrain[edit]

China[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Hong Kong SAR[edit]

Guam (United States)[edit]

India[edit]

  • On 22 May 2010 Air India Express Flight 812 (a Boeing 737-800) flying on the Dubai-Mangalore route overshot the runway 24 on landing at Mangalore International Airport killing 158 passengers on board.[3][4][5][6]
  • Air India Flight 403 crashed on 21 June 1982 at Sahar International Airport in Bombay due to heavy weather. Two crew members and 15 passengers died; 94 survived.
  • Air India Flight 855 crashed off the coast of Bandra, Bombay, (now Mumbai) on 1 January 1978 when the captain became spatially disoriented after the failure of one of the flight instruments in the cockpit. All 213 aboard were killed.
  • Alitalia Flight 771 crashed into a hill northeast of Mumbai while on approach on 7 July 1962. The accident was attributed to navigation error. All 94 aboard were killed.
  • Alliance Air Flight 7412 crashed in a residential estate of Patna on 17 July 2000 after the pilot lost control of the aircraft and stalled. Deaths included 55 people aboard, along with 5 on the ground.
  • In the 1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision, Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 collided in mid-air with Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 on 12 November 1996. The cause was determined to be pilot error by the Kazakhstan Airlines pilot. All 349 people on board both flights were killed, making it the deadliest mid-air collision in history.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 113 crashed on its final approach to Ahmedabad airport due to pilot error on 19 October 1988. Deaths were 130.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 257 crashed on descent into Imphal due to pilot error on 16 August 1991, killing all 69 occupants.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 427 was hijacked by a single individual on 24 April 1993. The hijacker demanded passage to Afghanistan, but was denied overflight permission by Pakistani authorities and the pilot diverted to Amritsar. The hijacker was killed after security forces stormed the aircraft.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 491 crashed into a truck at the end of the runway while taking off from Aurangabad, Maharashtra on 26 April 1993. The cause was both pilot error and the failure of the aviation administration to control highway traffic. Deaths were 55.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 605 crashed on its final approach to Bangalore airport on 14 February 1990, killing 92 people. The cause was pilot error.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 814 was hijacked by suspected Pakistani extremists on 24 December 1999 while in Indian airspace. The aircraft was flown to Kandahar, Afghanistan. One passenger was killed by the hijackers; the other 192 aboard survived.
  • Indian Airlines F 27 Monday 7 February 1966 a Fokker F-27 Friendship 200 leased to Indian Airlines crashed near Banihal Pass killing 37 including 4 crew. The plane was bound for Jammu from Srinagar in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Qatar[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Republic of China (Taiwan)[edit]

Thailand[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

South China Sea[edit]

  • Qantas Flight 30 — 25 July 2008, Mid-air decompression after departure from Hong Kong, landed safely in Manila; no injuries.

Various countries[edit]

Central America and the Caribbean[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Panama[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Montserrat[edit]

Europe[edit]

Belgium[edit]

  • An Imperial Airways Argosy crashed on 28 March 1933 near Dixmude following an onboard fire suspected to be the first case of aerial sabotage. All 12 passengers and 3 crew were killed.
  • Sabena OO-AUB crashed on 16 November 1937 while attempting to land in bad weather near Ostend. All 11 aboard were killed.
  • Sabena Flight 548 crashed due to mechanical failure while attempting to land in Brussels on 15 February 1961. All 72 passengers and crew were killed, along with a single ground casualty.

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Various countries[edit]

  • Olympic Airways Flight 417: Dr. Abid Hanson,[7] a passenger on Olympic Airways Flight 417[8] from Cairo to Athens to New York City, who had a history of sensitivity to secondhand smoke requested a non-smoking seat prior. When the family boarded the aircraft in Athens, the people found that the assigned seats were three rows ahead of the economy class smoking area; there was no partition between the smoking and non-smoking section. The family requested a seat further away from the smoking section. The crew did not move the passenger to any of the 11 other unoccupied seats on the aircraft. The passenger felt a reaction to the smoke and died several hours later.[9] The case resulted in the Olympic Airways v. Husain case.

International waters[edit]

The following accidents and incidents occurred in international waters; that is, more than 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) off the coast of any territory.

Atlantic Ocean[edit]

Black Sea[edit]

Indian Ocean[edit]

  • Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked on 23 November 1996 en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi by three Ethiopians seeking political asylum. The plane crash-landed in the Indian Ocean near Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125 of the 175 passengers and crew on board.
  • Korean Air Flight 858 was destroyed by a bomb planted by North Korean agents on 29 November 1987. All 115 on board died.
  • South African Airways Flight 295 crashed into the Indian Ocean in international waters off the coast of Mauritius on 28 November 1987 after a catastrophic in-flight fire. The cause of the fire was never determined. All 159 aboard were killed.
  • Yemenia Flight 626 crashed into the Indian Ocean off the Northern coast of Comoros on 30 June 2009. Of 153 aboard, 152 died; a 12-year-old passenger was found alive. The crash is currently under investigation.

Pacific Ocean[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

United States[edit]

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Peru[edit]

Suriname[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UTA 772: The forgotten flight
  2. ^ McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 N54629
  3. ^ "Jetliner crash in India, airline says". CNN. 2010-05-21. 
  4. ^ "Indian official: At least 160 dead in Air India plane crash in Mangalore". Wire Update/BNO News. 2010-05-22. 
  5. ^ "Air India flight from Dubai crashes in India". MSNBC. 2010-05-21. 
  6. ^ "Casualties feared in Air India crash". CNN. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  7. ^ Lithwick, Dahlia (2003-11-12). "The accidental tourist". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  8. ^ "Olympic Airways v. Rubina Husain, et al". Supreme.lp.findlaw.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  9. ^ "Fatal Plane Crashes and Significant Events for the Boeing 747". Airsafe.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  10. ^ "Cholera Kills One and Fells Many on Flight". New York Times. 1992-02-21. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Cuban airline rated unsafe / Miami Herald - Cuba News / Noticias - CubaNet News". Cubanet.org. 1999-12-28. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  13. ^ "Cuba on line. Cubana airlines 1". Cubaonline.narod.ru. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 

External links[edit]