List of accidents and incidents involving airliners in the United States

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This list of accidents and incidents on airliners in the United States summarizes airline accidents that occurred within the territories claimed by the United States, with information on airline company with flight number, date, and cause.

This list is a subset of the list of accidents and incidents involving airliners by location.

It is also available grouped

This list is dynamic and by no means complete!

For alternative, more exhaustive lists, see:

Alabama[edit]

Alaska[edit]

  • Northwest Airlines Flight 4422 crashed into Mount Sanford killing all 30 on board on March 12, 1948.[8] The wreckage was lost for nearly fifty years until being located in 1997. The exact cause of the accident was never determined.

Arizona[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

  • American Airlines Flight 1420 overran the runway while attempting to land at Little Rock National Airport on June 1, 1999. The pilots decided to land though heavy winds and wind shear exceeded the safety limits for the aircraft, and in their rush to land they made a number of critical errors that led to the flight's crash. The captain and ten passengers were killed on impact.[18]

California[edit]

Aeroméxico Flight 498 falling to the ground immediately after colliding with a Piper Archer.
JetBlue Airways Flight 292 executes an emergency landing after its nose gear locked in an irregular position.
  • Pan Am Flight 7 crashed into the Pacific Ocean while en route to Hawaii on November 8, 1957, killing all on board. The reason for the crash was never determined.[33]
  • PSA Flight 182 collided with a Cessna over San Diego on September 25, 1978, killing all 144 people on both aircraft. It is the deadliest aircraft disaster in California history, the first fatal Pacific Southwest Airlines incident, and, at the time, the deadliest aircraft incident in the United States.[36]

Colorado[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

District of Columbia[edit]

Florida[edit]

The engine of Delta Air Lines Flight 1288 after it experienced catastrophic turbine failure on July 6, 1996.
  • Comair Flight 5054 experienced severe icing conditions resulting in a rapid loss of altitude on March 19, 2001. The crew was able to recover control of the aircraft and made a successful emergency landing at West Palm Beach Airport.
  • Delta Air Lines Flight 1288 experienced an uncontained, catastrophic turbine engine failure during takeoff at Pensacola on July 6, 1996. Debris from the front compressor hub of the engine penetrated the fuselage, killing two passengers.[59]
  • Southern Airways Flight 49 was successfully hijacked by three passengers and forced to fly to Cuba on November 10, 1972. Cuba returned the airplane, crew, passengers, and ransom money to the US and sentenced the hijackers to prison.
  • ValuJet Flight 592 crashed in the Florida Everglades on 11 May 1996 when a fire started in a cargo hold during takeoff. All 110 on board were killed instantly.[62]

Georgia[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

Pan Am Flight 6 is forced to make an emergency water landing in the Pacific Ocean on October 16, 1956.
  • Aloha Airlines Flight 243 suffered explosive decompression when the passenger roof blew off during an inter-island flight on April 28, 1988. A flight attendant was killed, and the plane landed safely at Kahului Airport.[68]
  • Pan Am Flight 6 is forced to make an emergency water landing in the Pacific Ocean northeast of Hawaii after two of its four engines failed on October 16, 1956. There were only a few minor injuries and no fatalities.[70]

Illinois[edit]

  • Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 706 crashed during take-off from O'Hare International Airport on September 17, 1961, killing all 37 on board. The co-pilot's control of the aileron boost unit had been disconnected during maintenance.[73]
  • United Airlines Flight 389 crashed into Lake Michigan near Lake Forest, Illinois on August 16, 1965, killing all 30 on board. The NTSB could not determine a definitive cause for the pilot's actions, though it is believed that it was most likely the result of the pilots misreading their three-pointer altimeters by 10,000 feet (3,000 m).[75]

Indiana[edit]

Iowa[edit]

Kansas[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

  • American Airlines Flight 63 lost control due to severe turbulence and violent downdrafts and crashed near Trammel, Kentucky, killing 20 out of 22 people on board.[84]

Louisiana[edit]

  • National Airlines Flight 967 disappeared over the Gulf of Mexico near New Orleans on November 16, 1959, with 42 passengers and crew on board. Several bodies and some scattered debris were recovered, though the main section of wreckage was never found. The cause was presumed to be a bombing, though investigators were unable to prove it.

Maine[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

  • Colgan Air Flight 9446 crashed into the water off of Yarmouth, Massachusetts shortly after takeoff on August 26, 2003. Improper maintenance and pilot error led to a loss of control in-flight. The pilot and co-pilot, the only people on board, perished.

Michigan[edit]

Debris from Northwest Airlines Flight 255 scattered across Middlebelt Road after crashing on August 16, 1987.
  • TWA Flight 841 made an emergency landing at Detroit, Michigan after losing control and barrel-rolling at supersonic speeds on April 4, 1979. No fatalities occurred among the 82 passengers and seven crew members, though eight passengers reported minor injuries relating to high G forces. The exact cause of the accident is disputed.

Minnesota[edit]

  • Northwest Airlink Flight 5719 crashed on approach to Hibbing on December 1, 1993, after striking trees following a controlled excessive descent into the airport on its night approach during ILS conditions. The crash claimed all 16 passengers and the two flight crew aboard and is the worst aviation accident in Minnesota history.

Missouri[edit]

Montana[edit]

Nebraska[edit]

Nevada[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

  • Northeast Airlines Flight 946 crashed near Etna, New Hampshire on October 25, 1968, killing 32 passengers and crew. The NTSB determined that the plane was flying 600 feet (180 m) below its required altitude, though the reason for this is unknown. The NTSB report suggests that the pilots misjudged their altitude position during approach due to a lack of navigational aids on the aircraft and near the airport.[109]

New Jersey[edit]

FedEx Flight 14 at Newark International Airport after crashing and catching fire.
  • FedEx Flight 14 crashed during landing at Newark International Airport on July 31, 1997. The pilot was unable to slow down the descent of the aircraft, and it bounced and rolled on the runway, eventually coming to rest on its back and catching fire.[111]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

US Airways Flight 1549 crashed into the Hudson River on January 15, 2009
United Flight 175 moments after impacting the South Tower of the WTC, Sept 11, 2001.
  • United Airlines Flight 521 failed to get airborne during takeoff on 29 May 1947. The aircraft overran the end of the runway, ripped through an airport fence, barreled through traffic on the Grand Central Parkway, and then slammed into an embankment before ultimately plunging into a pond and exploding.[125]
  • US Airways Flight 1549 was a commercial flight from LaGuardia Airport (LGA) in New York City to Charlotte/Douglas International Airport (CLT) in Charlotte, North Carolina that on January 15, 2009, made an emergency water landing in the Hudson River about six minutes after takeoff.

North Carolina[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

  • USAir Flight 427 nosedived into the ground on its landing approach when the rudder on the Boeing 737-300 malfunctioned near Pittsburgh on September 8, 1994. All 132 passengers and crew were killed on impact.[142] This is the third-highest death toll of any accident involving the Boeing 737-300.

Rhode Island[edit]

  • US Airways Express Flight 3758 airplane slid off runway while landing at T.F. Green Airport on December 16, 2007. The flight, carrying 31 passengers and 3 crew members from Philadelphia, slid off the runway after landing shortly before 5 p.m. No injuries were reported and assumed the incident was related to the weather.[143]

South Carolina[edit]

South Dakota[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

  • Braniff Flight 38 was hijacked on January 12, 1972, while en route to Dallas Love Field. All passengers and crew were able to escape safely in Dallas, and the hijacker was arrested.

Utah[edit]

  • Skywest Western Express Flight No. 1834, Jan 16, 1987, mid-air collision with small private plane, Salt Lake City, Utah

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

  • Northwest Airlines Flight 305 was hijacked by a man using the alias "D. B. Cooper" on November 24, 1971. Cooper ransomed the passengers for $200,000 and four parachutes, and then later jumped from the plane over Washington state. Cooper was never seen again, and the case remains the only unsolved US aircraft hijacking.

West Virginia[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

  • Northwest Airlines Flight 421 The airliner crashed near the Wisconsin-Minnesota border near Winona, Minnesota on a routine scheduled flight from Chicago to St. Paul, Minnesota, after flying into a severe thunderstorm on 29 August 1948. It was the first loss of a Martin 2-0-2 aircraft, the worst disaster involving a Martin 2-0-2 to date, and with 37 fatalities, still ranks as the worst air crash in Wisconsin history.[163]

Wyoming[edit]

U.S. Territories[edit]

American Samoa[edit]

Guam (United States)[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

  • Pan Am Flight 526A ditched in rough seas after mechanical failure caused its engines to fail on April 11, 1952. Panicking passengers refused to leave the sinking aircraft; 52 passengers drowned and the remaining 17 passengers and crew were rescued by the US Coast Guard. After this accident, airlines began performing pre-flight safety demonstrations for over-water flights.
  • Vieques Air Link Flight 901A crashed into the Atlantic Ocean after taking off from Vieques, Puerto Rico on August 2, 1984. The pilot and all eight passengers died. The NTSB determined that the pilot was not qualified to be the pilot-in-command of a commuter aircraft, one of the fuel tanks had been contaminated with water, the aircraft was over loaded, and no life vests were found in the wreckage.

U.S. Virgin Islands[edit]

Deadliest incidents[edit]

This is a list of all airliner incidents in the United States or US territories that have resulted in at least 100 fatalities. They are listed by death toll, and include any ground fatalities and injuries, as well as any survivors on board the aircraft.

Rank Date Fatalities Injuries Survivors Article Location Comments
1. September 11, 2001 2,996 (including 246 on board the airliners) 6,000+ (ground) 0 American Airlines Flight 11, American Airlines Flight 77, United Airlines Flight 175 and United Airlines Flight 93 New York City, New York, Arlington, Virginia, Shanksville, Pennsylvania hijacking of 4 commercial airliners by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists
2. May 25, 1979 273 (including 2 on the ground) 5 (ground) 0 American Airlines Flight 191 Des Plaines, Illinois
3. November 12, 2001 265 (including 5 on the ground) 1 (ground) 0 American Airlines Flight 587 Queens, New York
4. July 17, 1996 230 0 0 TWA Flight 800 Atlantic Ocean, near Moriches, New York
5. August 6, 1997 228 26 26 Korean Air Flight 801 Nimitz Hill, Guam only incident in a US territory to result in 100+ fatalities
6. October 31, 1999 217 0 0 EgyptAir Flight 990 Atlantic Ocean, near Nantucket, Massachusetts
7. August 16, 1987 156 (including 2 on the ground) 6 (including 5 on the ground) 1 Northwest Airlines Flight 255 Romulus, Michigan, (a suburb of Detroit)
8. July 9, 1982 153 (including 8 on the ground) 4 (ground) 0 Pan Am Flight 759 Kenner, Louisiana
9. September 25, 1978 144 (including 7 on the ground) 9 (ground) 0 PSA Flight 182 San Diego, California
10. August 2, 1985 137 (including 1 on the ground) 28 (including 1 on the ground) 27 Delta Air Lines Flight 191 Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, Texas
11. December 16, 1960 134 (including 6 on the ground) unknown 0 1960 New York air disaster Brooklyn, New York and Staten Island, New York
12. September 8, 1994 132 0 0 US Air Flight 427 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
13. June 30, 1956 128 0 0 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision Grand Canyon, Arizona
14. June 24, 1975 113 11 11 Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 Jamaica, New York
15. September 4, 1971 111 0 0 Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 near Juneau, Alaska
16. July 19, 1989 111 172 185 United Airlines Flight 232 Sioux City, Iowa
17. May 11, 1996 110 0 0 ValuJet Flight 592 Florida Everglades, Florida
18. December 29, 1972 101 75 75 Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 Florida Everglades, Florida

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