list of accidents and incidents involving general aviation is grouped by the years in which the accidents or incidents occurred. "General aviation" here includes private as well as corporate aircraft operating under general aviation rules, i.e. not flights of [note A] airliners, commuter or military aircraft.
Overall, this is an
incomplete listing, but is intended to be a complete listing of those accidents and incidents with Wikipedia articles. For more exhaustive lists, see the Aircraft Crash Record Office or the Aviation Safety Network.
May 13 – A
Flanders Monoplane crashed at Brooklands, Surrey, United Kingdom, killing the pilot and his passenger. The accident was investigated by the Royal Aero Club, which issued the first-ever report into an aviation accident and established the science of aviation accident investigation.
January 22 - The personal
Piaggio P.136L-2 airplane of Alexander Onassis crashed at Ellinikon International Airport in Athens, Greece. A few seconds after takeoff from runway 33, the plane's right wing dropped and stayed down, and the plane crashed shortly after losing balance. [1 ] The pilot, Donald McCusker, and another passenger both suffered serious injuries in the crash, and Onassis died the next day from his injuries. [2 ] Reports into the crash concluded that it had occurred as a result of the reversing of the aileron connecting cables during the installation of a new control column. Manslaughter proceedings initiated against McCusker were later dropped, [3 ] and six people were also charged over Onassis's death in January 1974, with their indictment indicating that faulty controls had been fitted to his plane. [4 ] Onassis's father, [5 ] Aristotle Onassis refused to believe his sons death was an accident. [6 ]
August 2 –
Cessna 501, N15NY. Thurman Munson, catcher for the New York Yankees, died in a crash of his personal jet while practicing touch-and-go landings at Akron-Canton Regional Airport. August 24 – A
Stearman biplane, aircraft registration number N48784, [7 ] flew into [8 ] electrical transmission lines that cross Lake Natoma at Mississippi Bar. [9 ] [10 ] Jacquelyn Burnett, [11 ] a [12 ] passenger in the biplane, was killed. The pilot, Stephen Francis Williams, was convicted of manslaughter. His conviction marked the first time in United States history that a pilot was held criminally responsible for the death of a passenger. Williams had previously killed his own 12-year-old daughter, Patricia Anna Williams, [13 ] by attempting a [14 ] takeoff in dense fog at the Salinas Municipal Airport. [15 ]
December 31 - Popular singer and actor
Ricky Nelson and six others were killed during a failed emergency landing in a Douglas DC-3, registration number N711Y, in a field near De Kalb, Texas. The aircraft's cabin had filled with dense smoke after the flight crew attempted to turn on a cabin heater while en route to Dallas, Texas from Guntersville, Alabama; the aircraft struck trees and utility poles, suffering severe damage and bursting into flames. The NTSB was unable to verify the origin of the smoke, stating in the final report that "... the ignition and fuel source were not determined." [16 ] [17 ]
March 23 -
Stanford graduate and multi-talented test pilot for Cirrus Aircraft, Scott D. Anderson, was killed in a plane crash while flight-testing the Cirrus SR20 before it went on sale. The problem occurred when his plane experienced an aileron jam during experimental stress-testing. He went down in the yard of a prison about 400 meters from the Duluth International Airport. [18 ] July 16 -
John F. Kennedy, Jr. and passengers, wife Carolyn Bessette and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette, were killed when the Piper PA-32R-301 Saratoga II he was piloting, registration number N9253N, into the crashed Atlantic Ocean during a flight from Fairfield Township, Essex County, New Jersey bound for Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. The NTSB determined the crash was caused by: "the pilot's failure to maintain control of the airplane during a descent over water at night, which was a result of spatial disorientation". [19 ] August 7 –
Pulitzer Prize–winning publisher Ted Natt boarded a helicopter from Oysterville, Washington to Kelso, Washington, which later crashed six miles east of Knappa, Oregon. The crash was not discovered until September 11. [20 ] October 25 – A
Learjet 35 flying between Orlando, Florida and Dallas, Texas crashed after flying for almost four hours and 1,500 miles (2,400 km), until it ran out of fuel. Among the six people on board were golf star Payne Stewart and Bruce Borland.
March 5 – at
Saint-Forget, France a Socata Rallye MS.892 (registered as F-BLSO) collided midair with a Cessna F150 (registered as F-BSIQ) killing the instructor and student pilot in the latter aircraft. After investigation, the BEA called for obligatory use of transponders in a large zone around Paris. [22 ] July 21 – a South African registered aircraft, carrying 12 passengers and two crew, crashed into
Mount Kenya: there were no survivors. [23 ] [24 ] December 17 –
Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne suffered a collapsed landing gear and a runway excursion during a freefall flight prior to its space launches.
4 January – A
Sikorsky S-76 Spirit helicopter crashes into a marshy area near Bayou Penchant, Louisiana. The helicopter operated by Petroleum Helicopters, Inc was flying oil workers to a Shell Petroleum Oil Platform in the Gulf of Mexico from Gibson, Louisiana resulting in 8 fatalities and 1 passenger rescued by a United States Coast Guard helicopter. [30 ] February 15 – A
Bell 205 Helicopter while flying in dense mist and light rain crashes into Polhuín Hill, Chanco, Cauquenes Province, Chile. The accident occurred when the Bell helicopter owned by Flight Services Helicópteros was ferrying local fire-fighters from a Eucalyptus plantation to a forest fire in the Quirihue Sector of the Eighth Region. The wreckage from the accident was scattered over a large area killing the pilot a former Chilean Airforce officer and 12 fire-fighters from the Celulosa Arauco y Constitucion (CELCO) company. [31 ] February 18 – An
Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma Helicopter ( G-REDU) flying from the heliport at Aberdeen Airport to a BP ETAP Oil Platform located 120 nautical miles (195 km) east of Aberdeen, Scotland is forced to ditch into the North Sea 500m short of its destination. A major maritime rescue operation for the ditched Super Puma owned by Bond Offshore Helicopters was coordinated by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency at the Aberdeen HM Coastguard Rescue Centre involving a RAF Sea King helicopter from No. 202 Squadron RAF Lossiemouth and a Nimrod from RAF Kinloss. Three of the passengers were rescued by one of a pair of Bond Helicopters involved in the rescue and the remaining 15 passengers successfully rescued by an oil-rig support vessel. [32 ] A further Super Puma owned by Bond Helicopters is involved in a second North Sea ditching on 1 April 2009. [33 ] 12 March – A
Sikorsky S-92A Helicopter ( C-GZCH) flying from St. John's International Airport, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to the offshore SeaRose FPSO in the White Rose oil field was forced to ditch in the North Atlantic Ocean, 30 nautical miles (56 km) east-southeast of Newfoundland. The Sikorsky S-92 owned by Cougar Helicopters issued a mayday after experiencing low oil pressure in the main gear-box and requesting emergency clearance to return to St.John's airport. The aircraft ditched in the North Atlantic approximately 10 minutes after issuing the mayday at 7:58 am ET resulting in 17 fatalities and 1 passenger rescued from the crash site. [34 ] March 22 – A
Pilatus PC-12 flying into Bert Mooney Airport outside Butte, Montana from Oroville, California crashed 500 feet (150 m) short of the runway, around 15:27 local time (21:27 GMT), killing fourteen people. [35 ] [36 ] [37 ] [38 ] [39 ] April 1 – An
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma ( G-REDL) flying from the BP Miller Oil Platform located 168 nautical miles (270 km) north-east from Aberdeen, Scotland to the heliport at Aberdeen Airport crashes into the North Sea 11 nautical miles (20 km) east of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire. The Super Puma helicopter owned by Bond Offshore Helicopters made a brief mayday call at 12:54 pm BST and was then seen to crash 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) from a supply vessel resulting in the death of 2 crew and 14 passengers. The cause of the accident was the catastrophic failure of the main rotor gearbox, which caused the main rotor to detach and severed the pylon and tail boom. [40 ] [41 ]
January 4 – A
Britten-Norman BN-2A-27 Islander operated by Transaereo 5074, goes missing during a flight from Los Roques Airport to Caracas Airport, Venezuela, and is presumed to have crashed. The plane took off about midmorning Friday, in decent conditions. Among the passengers was [42 ] Vittorio Missoni, the CEO of Missoni, along with three other Italian employees. [43 ] January 16 – An
Agusta AW109 helicopter crashes in Vauxhall, London, after colliding with the [44 ] jib of a construction crane attached to St George Wharf Tower. Two people died in the incident: [45 ] the pilot, Captain [46 ] Pete Barnes; 50, and a pedestrian, Matthew Wood, 39, from Sutton in South London. [44 ] [46 ] Five people were taken to hospital and seven more were treated at the scene. [47 ] In March 2013, [46 ] BBC London report indicated that the crash could have been prevented, based on a study written to which "19 experts contributed, from organisations including National Air Traffic Services (NATS), the MoD, the Metropolitan Police Air Support Unit and the British Helicopter Advisory Board". A number of safety issues had been raised by the study — particularly relating to visibility, meteorology and flying in a crowded and complex urban environment — but the CAA had not yet made any changes to the air rules. However, the studies and commentary were claimed to be productive. [48 ] February 26 – A
hot air balloon crashes near Luxor, Egypt. The crash results in 19 deaths out of 21 passengers. [49 ] It was the deadliest ballooning disaster in history, surpassing the [50 ] 1989 Alice Springs hot air balloon crash in Australia. [51 ] [52 ]
Note A: General aviation operating rules are U.S. ^ Federal Aviation Regulations 14 CFR Part 91 or the international equivalent.
References [ edit ]
^ "Mr Alexander Onassis.", The Times, London, 24 January 1973, pg. 18
^ Evans, Peter (1987). Ari: The Life, Times and Women of Aristotle Onassis. London: Penguin. p. 271. ISBN 978-0-14-009961-4.
^ Mario Modiano. "Onassis son dies from air crash injuries.", The Times, London, 24 January 1973, pg. 10
^ "News in Brief.", The Times, London, 13 February 1973, pg. 6
^ "News in Brief.", The Times, London, 19 January 1974, pg. 6
^ "Onassis reward for proof on son's fatal crash.", The Times, London, 24 December 1974, pg. 1
^ Airframe information and photographs of N48784.
^ Photograph of N48784 with its original (pre-crash) United States Army Air Corps markings. Lloyd Stearman can be seen climbing into the front cockpit while Robert Cummings converses with Pelham Burnett ( Lt. Col., USAF, retired), father of Jacquelyn Burnett (crash victim).
^ National Transportation Safety Board report number LAX79FVG71.
^ THE STATE-Los Angeles Times – ProQuest Archiver – Aug 26, 1979.
^ Aerial photograph of electrical transmission lines at Mississippi Bar, Lake Natoma, California.
^ Burnett, Jacquelyn (February 2, 1962 – August 24, 1979), in California Death Records.
^ "Pilot gets jail, fine, in fatal crash". The Orangevale News, August 27, 1980, page 1.
^ Williams, Patricia Anna (11/05/1938 – 10/28/1951), in California Death Records.
^ "FATAL CRASH". The Orangevale News, August 27, 1980, page 3.
^ "NTSB Report DCA86AA012". National Transportation Safety Board . Retrieved . 2009-09-23
^ Bill Deener & Mary C. Bounds (1986-01-01). "RICK NELSON, 6 OTHERS KILLED IN CRASH - Dallas-bound DC-3 goes down in Texas". . The Dallas Morning News
^ Higdon, Dave (March 31, 1999). "Cirrus SR20 demonstrator kills test pilot in prison crash". Flighglobal . Retrieved . 2015-02-05
^ NTSB Accident Report NYC99MA178; NTSB, 2000-12-12
^ "Body of former publisher found". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. September 20, 1999 . Retrieved . October 30, 2014
^ Kevin Lynch. "Helicopter crash kills Woodridge man: Boaters save pilot, co-pilot in Indiana". Chicago Tribune, July 12, 2002. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
^ "Rapport: Accident survenu le 5 mars 2003 à Saint-Forget (78) à l’avion Socata Rallye MS 892 immatriculé F-BLSO et l’avion Cessna F150 immatriculé F-BSIQ" Bureau d’Enquêtes et d’Analyses, October 2010
^ Charter aircraft crashes into Kenya's Mount Kenya., Airline Industry Information, 21 July 2003
^ Rescue teams resume efforts to recover bodies of those killed in charter aircraft crash, Airline Industry Information, 23 July 2003
^ Liz Minchin. "Five killed in skydive plane tragedy". The Age, 3 January 2006. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
^ AAIB Bulletin 3/2007
^ "5 die in Angola chopper crash". , 18 November 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2012. News24
^ Angela Macdonald-Smith (2007). "BHP Suspends Operations in Angola After Fatal Helicopter Crash". Bloomberg . Retrieved . 2012-10-22
^ "Engine fault 'caused Sudan crash'". BBC News, 3 May 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
^ http://www.wdsu.com/news/18409935/detail.html WDSU.com 8 Killed, 1 Injured In Helicopter Crash – Lone Survivor In Critical Condition
^ http://www.santiagotimes.cl/santiagotimes/index.php/2009021615626/news/political-news/helicopter-crash-kills-pilot-and-12-crewmembers-in-chile.html The Santiago Times – Helicopter crash kills pilot and 12 crew members in Chile
^ http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceNews/MilitaryOperations/RafAircraftInSuccessfulNorthSeaHelicopterRescue.htm Ministry of Defence News – RAF aircraft in successful North Sea helicopter rescue
^ "All rescued as helicopter ditches". BBC News, 18 February 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
^ "No signals from locator beacons in crashed helicopter: officials". CBC News, March 12, 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
^ "Probe launched into Montana crash". BBC. 2009-03-23 . Retrieved . 2009-03-23
^ ". BBC News. 2009-03-22-09 'Children die' in US plane crash" . Retrieved 2009-03-22-09.
^ "FAA: 17 killed in Montana plane crash". CNN. 2009-03-22-09 . Retrieved 2009-03-22-09.
^ Welch, William M.; Levin, Alan (2009-03-22-09). "Montana plane crash kills 17". USA Today . Retrieved 2009-03-22-09.
^ "FAA: Children among 17 dead in Montana plane crash". Yahoo! News. 2009-03-22-09 . Retrieved 2009-03-22-09.
^ "Eight dead as helicopter crashes". . 1 April 2009 BBC News . Retrieved . 13 April 2013
^ "CAA Air Report AAIB Ref: EW/C2009/04/01" (PDF). Air Accidents Investigation Branch. 2009 . Retrieved . 13 April 2013
^ "Accident Summary". Aviation Safety Network. 4 January 2013 . Retrieved . 18 March 2013
^ Press, Associated (10 January 2013). "Search continues for missing plane carrying Missoni CEO, five others off Venezuela". Daily News . Retrieved . 18 March 2013
^ a b "Vauxhall helicopter crash leaves two dead: latest news from London". The Guardian. 16 January 2013 . Retrieved . 17 January 2013
^ "Two killed and at least 11 injured as helicopter crashes into crane on new Thames-side skyscraper and plunges into rush-hour traffic". Daily Mail. 16 January 2013 . Retrieved . 16 January 2013
^ a b c "London helicopter crash: Two die in Vauxhall crane accident". BBC Online. 16 January 2013 . Retrieved . 24 March 2013
^ "London helicopter crash victim Matthew Wood killed in fire". BBC website. 18 January 2013 . Retrieved . 18 January 2013
^ Davey, Ed (4 March 2013). "Vauxhall helicopter crash 'was preventable. BBC News '" . Retrieved . 9 April 2013
^ "At least 19 tourists dead in Egypt hot air balloon crash". RT. 26 February 2013 . Retrieved . 26 February 2013
^ Siddique, Haroon; Kingsley, Patrick (26 February 2013). "Luxor hot air balloon crash kills 19 tourists". The Guardian . Retrieved . 26 February 2013
^ "Deadliest balloon crash in decades kills 19 in Egypt". CNN. 26 February 2013 . Retrieved . 24 March 2013
^ Maggie Michael (26 February 2013). "Fiery Balloon Accident Kills 19 Tourists in Egypt". ABC. AP . Retrieved . 26 February 2013
^ "Haris Suleman aiming to be the youngest pilot to fly the globe in 30 days dies in crash over the Pacific with father Babar | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk . Retrieved . 2014-07-24
^ "Pakistani-American Haris Suleman's aircraft crashes into sea". Dawn.Com . Retrieved . 2014-07-24
^ "At least 3 dead as plane crashes into Gaithersburg house". ABC . Retrieved . 8 December 2014
^ "More expected today on cause of fatal plane crash". The Pantagraph . Retrieved . 8 April 2015