List of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing 727
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2012)|
- 1 1960s
- 2 1970s
- 3 1980s
- 4 1990s
- 5 2000s
- 6 2010s
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- On August 16, 1965, United Airlines Flight 389, a new Boeing 727-100, crashed into Lake Michigan 30 miles east northeast of Chicago's O'Hare Airport. The crew was told to descend and maintain 6,000 feet (1,800 m), which was the last radio communication with the flight. The NTSB was not able to determine why the airliner continued its descent into the water.
- On November 8, 1965, American Airlines Flight 383, a Boeing 727-100, crashed on approach to the Greater Cincinnati Airport. Of the 62 people on board, only three passengers and one flight attendant survived. The investigation determined that the probable cause of the accident was the failure of the crew to properly monitor the altimeters during a visual approach into deteriorating visibility conditions.
- On November 11, 1965, United Airlines Flight 227, a Boeing 727-100, departed New York-LaGuardia for a flight to San Francisco via Cleveland, Chicago, Denver, and Salt Lake City. Flight 227 crashed on landing at Salt Lake City International Airport, causing the deaths of 43 of the 91 people on board.
- On February 4, 1966, All Nippon Airways Flight 60, a 727-100, was on approach to Tokyo's Haneda Airport at night when it inexplicably crashed into the sea 6.5 miles (10.5 km) from the airport. All seven crew and all 126 passengers died. A cause for the accident could not be determined.
- On November 15, 1966, Pan Am Flight 708, a 727-21 crashed in the morning west-southwest of Tegel Airport in Berlin, Germany while on initial approach. All three crew members onboard perished. A cause of the accident could not be determined.
- On July 19, 1967, Piedmont Airlines Flight 22 collided with a twin-engine Cessna 310 shortly after departing Asheville Regional Airport in Asheville, North Carolina. All 79 passengers and crew on board the 727 and all three people in the Cessna died.
- On February 16, 1968, Civil Air Transport Flight 010, a 727-92C, crashed on approach to Taipei, Republic of China. The flight carried 63 passengers and crew; 21 passengers, crew and one person on the ground died.
- On March 21, 1968, United Airlines Flight 9963, a Boeing 727 QC operating on a cargo flight from O'Hare International Airport in Chicago to San Francisco, crashed shortly after takeoff; all three crewmembers died.
- On 5 January 1969, Ariana Afghan Airlines Flight 701 crashed short of the runway near London Gatwick Airport; 48 passengers and crew and 2 people on the ground died.
- On 4 June 1969, Mexicana Flight 704 crashed near Salinas Victoria. All 72 passengers and 7 crew members died in the accident.
- On July 30, 1971 All Nippon Airways Flight 58 collided with a Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) F-86F fighter jet, while en route from Chitose Airport to Haneda Airport in Tokyo, Japan. All 162 passengers and crew on board the 727 died, the fighter jet pilot survived. All Nippon Airways Flight 58 was the worst crash in aviation history at the time.
- On September 4, 1971, Alaska Airlines Flight 1866, a 727-100, crashed into a mountain while on approach to Juneau, Alaska. Part of the cause involved the aircrew receiving erroneous navigational information for approach. All seven crew members and 104 passengers died.
- On November 24, 1971, Northwest Airlines Flight 305 was hijacked by passenger D. B. Cooper while en route from Portland, Oregon to Seattle, Washington. After receiving a payment of $200,000 and four parachutes when he was in Seattle, he told the pilots to fly to Mexico, and jumped out of the aircraft from the aft airstair over Washington or Oregon. Cooper's fate is unknown. This incident led to the addition of a device named the "Cooper vane" on all 727s to prevent the airstair from being lowered while in flight. The 'Cooper' 727 continued in service until scrapped in the early 1990s in Missouri. No effort was made to preserve the aircraft with its significant history to skyjacking.
- In 1972, during an attempted coup d'état, jets from the Royal Moroccan Air Force fired upon the Boeing 727 of King Hassan II of Morocco while he was traveling to Rabat. After the aircraft survived the attack, the king awarded the plane a medal of honor.
- On February 21, 1973, Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114, a Boeing 727-200 flying over the Sinai Desert was fired upon by Israeli air forces that suspected it of being an enemy military plane. Of 113 people on board, 108 died.
- On December 1, 1974, TWA Flight 514, a 727-200 (registration N54328), crashed on Mount Weather while flying from Indianapolis, Indiana, and Columbus, Ohio, to Washington Dulles International Airport in turbulent weather. All 85 passengers and 7 crew members aboard died.
- On December 1, 1974, Northwest Airlines Flight 6231 crashed due to icing near Stony Point, New York. All 3 crew died.
- On June 24, 1975, Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 crashed on approach to John F. Kennedy International Airport; 113 people died. The cause was determined to be a microburst.
- On 19 September 1976, Turkish Airlines Flight 452, a Boeing 727-2F2 (registration TC-JBH, named Antalya) on a domestic flight from Istanbul Yeşilköy Airport (IST/LTBA) to Antalya Airport (AYT/LTAI) struck high ground in Karatepe Mountains during an attempted landing in Isparta instead of Antalya by pilot error. All the eight crew and 146 passeners on board died.
- On November 19, 1977, TAP Portugal Flight 425 overran the runway at Madeira Airport and plunged over a steep bank, bursting into flames; 131 of the 164 people on board died.
- On May 5, 1978, National Airlines Flight 193 landed short of the runway at Pensacola Regional Airport coming down in Escambia Bay instead; 3 of the 58 passengers and crew on board died.
- On September 25, 1978, Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 182 crashed after colliding with a Cessna 172 aircraft in San Diego; 144 people died.
- On March 13, 1979, Alia Royal Jordanian Flight 600 a Boeing 727-200, crashed at Doha Airport in Qatar after an approach during a thunderstorm; 45 of the 64 passengers on board died.
- On January 21, 1980, an Iran Air Flight 291 crashed near Tehran, Iran; all 128 on board died.
- On April 12, 1980, Transbrasil Flight 303, a 727-27C, crashed in Florianópolis, Brazil. 55 of the 58 people aboard died.
- On April 25, 1980, Dan-Air Flight 1008, a 727-100 crashed in Tenerife. All on board died when the aircraft hit terrain while circling.
- On June 8, 1982, a VASP Flight 168, 727-212 registration PP-SRK from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Fortaleza collided with a mountain while on approach to Fortaleza. The captain descended below a minimum descent altitude. All 137 passengers and crew died.
- On July 9, 1982, Pan Am Flight 759 crashed due to a microburst shortly after take-off from New Orleans International Airport. All 145 on board the 727 as well as 8 people on the ground were killed.
- On January 16, 1983, Turkish Airlines Flight 158, crashed short of the runway at Ankara Esenboğa Airport. 47 of the 67 passengers and crew on board died.
- On December 7, 1983, the Madrid Runway Disaster took place where a departing Iberia 727 struck an Aviaco Douglas DC-9 causing the death of 93 passengers and crew. 51 of the 93 passengers on board the 727 died.
- On January 1, 1985, Eastern Air Lines Flight 980 crashed into Mount Illimani at an altitude of 19,600 feet. All 29 crew and passengers on board died. The flight was flying from Silvio Pettirossi International Airport and destined for El Alto International Airport.
- On February 19, 1985, Iberia Airlines Flight 610 crashed after striking a television antenna while landing in Bilbao; 148 people died. Flight 610 originated from Madrid-Barajas Airport.
- On March 31, 1986, Mexicana Flight 940 crashed near Maravatío, Michoacán, Mexico. Shortly after takeoff and climbing to 29,000 feet (8,800 m), an overheated tire exploded in the right main wheel well, tearing through fuel lines and damaging the hydraulic and electrical systems. The resulting fire eventually rendered the aircraft uncontrollable. All 167 people (eight crew and 159 passengers) on board died.
- On March 17, 1988, Avianca Flight 410, a domestic flight, crashed into low mountains near Cúcuta – Norte de Santander, Colombia, after take-off; all 143 on board died. It was determined that pilot error was also the cause of this crash, in a situation similar to that of Avianca Flight 011, five years earlier.
- On August 31, 1988, Delta Air Lines Flight 1141 crashed on takeoff from Dallas–Fort Worth; 14 of the 108 passengers and crew on board died, 76 others were injured.
- On January 31, 1989, ACES Colombia flight 385 was hijacked after taking off from Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport in San Andrés Island. The crew managed to land in Costa Rica where the hijacker was arrested.
- On October 21, 1989, Tan-Sahsa Flight 414 a 727-200 (N88705) operated as TAN, crashed in the "Cerro de Hula" mountains after an unsuccessful approach method, killing 127 people.
- On November 27, 1989, Avianca Flight 203 crashed after a bomb exploded on board. All 6 crew and 101 passengers died.
- On December 22, 1992, a Libyan Airlines 727 collided with a MiG-23 training aircraft; all 157 people on board the 727 and both MiG pilots died.
- On May 19, 1993, SAM Colombia Flight 505, en route from Panama City, Panama, to Medellín, Colombia, hit Mt. Paramo de Frontino at 12,300 ft on approach to José María Córdova International Airport (SKRG). All 132 passengers and crew died.
- On November 7, 1996, an ADC Airlines 727 went down near Ejirin, Nigeria when the pilots lost control after taking evasive action to avoid a midair collision. 144 people died in the crash.
- On February 9, 1998, an American Airlines 727, crashed short of the runway at Chicago-O'Hare International Airport. All 121 persons on board survived but the aircraft was written off.
- On May 25, 2003, a 727, registration number N844AA, formerly used by American Airlines, was stolen from Luanda's international airport in Angola. The fate of that aircraft was never discovered.
- On December 25, 2003, Union des Transports Aériens de Guinée Flight 141, a 727-223 chartered flight, overran the runway at Cotonou Cadjehoun Airport into the sea. Of the 163 passengers on the manifest, 151 died; however, the manifest is believed to have understated the number of passengers on board. A French BEA investigation attributed the cause of the crash to overloading of passengers and cargo leading to out-of-limits center of gravity.
- On January 9, 2011, Iran Air Flight 277, a 727-286 Advanced, registration EP-IRP, crashed shortly before landing, northwest of Orumiyeh, Iran. Of the 104 passengers and crew on board, 77 died.
- On July 8, 2011, Hewa Bora Airways Flight 952, crashed while trying to land at Bangoka International Airport in the Democratic Republic of Congo during bad weather. 127 people were killed.
- On June 2, 2012, Allied Air Cargo Flight DHV-3, a 727-200 freighter, overshot the runway while landing in a heavy thunderstorm at Kotoka International Airport in Accra, Ghana after flying from Lagos, Nigeria. The aircraft continued through the airport boundary fence and across a main road, hitting a minivan. 10 people in the minivan died along with a cyclist. The four crew members suffered minor injuries.
- 2012 Boeing 727 crash experiment, the deliberate crash of a Boeing 727 in Mexico for the Discovery Channel television show Curiosity.
- ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-92C B-1018 Taipei. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
- ""Disasters: The Worst Ever". TIME. August 9, 1971. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- Boeing website: 727 Breakthroughs
- "Aircraft accident Boeing 727-2F2 TC-JBH Isparta". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 03141979. Airdisaster.com (1979-03-14). Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
- UK CAA Document CAA 429 World Airline Accident Summary (ICAO Summary 5/80)
- "Accident description PT-TYS". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Transbrasil 303". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 313–317. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
- aviation-safety.net report on fatal accident to Dan-Air G-BDAN
- "Accident description PP-SRK". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "VASP 168". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 318–326. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
- ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-225 N819EA Nevado Illimani. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
- ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-256 EC-DDU Bilbao Airport (BIO). Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
- ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-224 N88705 Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport (TGU). Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
- Bombing of Avianca flight a crime against humanity: PG, Colombia Reports, 15 September 2009, Retrieved 15 September 2010
- "158 killed in Libyan plane crash". New Strait Times. 23 Dec 1992. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Colombian jetliner crashes, 132 aboard". Bangor Daily News. 20 May 1993. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-231 5N-BBG Ejirin. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
- Aircraft accident Boeing 727-223 N845AA Chicago-O'Hare International Airport
- "African hunt for stolen Boeing". BBC, June 19, 2003. June 19, 2003. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "FBI search sheet for Ben Charles Padilla". Archived from the original on 2007-04-27.
- "report translation 3x-o031225a." Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. Retrieved on 9 June 2009.
- "BBC News – Scores killed in IranAir passenger plane crash". BBC. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
- "Iran plane crash toll rises to 77, black box found". Associated Press. Retrieved 9 January 2010.[dead link]
- "Fifty-three feared dead in DR Congo plane crash". Reuters. July 8, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
- "Cargo Plane Hits Bus in Ghana Airport Crash". BBC. June 2, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2012.
- "Accident: Allied Cargo B722 at Accra on Jun 2nd 2012, overran runway on landing". AVHerald. June 2, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2012.