List of acquisitions by Adobe Systems

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Adobe Systems headquarters in San Jose, California

Adobe Systems is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California. In 1982, John Warnock and Charles Geschke left Xerox PARC and established Adobe Systems to develop and sell the PostScript page description language.[1] Apple Computer licensed PostScript in 1985 for use in its LaserWriter printers, which helped spark the desktop publishing revolution.[2] The company has acquired 25 companies, purchased stakes in 5 companies, and divested 6 companies, most of which were software companies. Of the companies that Adobe Systems has acquired, 18 were based in the United States. Adobe Systems has not released the financial details for most of these mergers and acquisitions.

Adobe Systems' first acquisition was Emerald City Software in March 1990. In August 1994, the company acquired Aldus, a Seattle-based software company credited with creating the desktop publishing industry with its PageMaker software.[3] The company's products were integrated into Adobe Systems' product line later in the year, and re-branded as Adobe PageMaker and Adobe After Effects;[4] Aldus also owned the TIFF file format, transferring ownership to Adobe.[5] In October 1995, Adobe acquired the desktop publishing software company Frame Technology for US$566 million, and re-branded its FrameMaker software to Adobe FrameMaker.[6] Adobe acquired GoLive Systems in January 1999 and obtained its CyberStudio HTML editor software, releasing it as Adobe GoLive.[7] In May 2003, Adobe acquired Syntrillium Software and its digital audio editor software Cool Edit Pro, and merged it into its product line, re-releasing it as Adobe Audition.[8]

In the 1990s, Adobe purchased a minority stake in four companies, and it purchased a stake in one company in the 2000s. Adobe has also divested six companies, in which parts of the company are sold to another company. All of its divestments were made in the 1990s, with its most recent divestment made in August 1999 when it sold Macromedia Pathware to Lotus Software. Adobe Systems' largest acquisition was San Francisco-based Macromedia in December 2005 for $3.57 billion.

Acquisitions[edit]

Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References
March 19, 1990 Emerald City Software Software  United States [9]
June 20, 1990 BluePoint Technologies Computer chips  United States [10]
June 1, 1992 LaserTools-Language Tech[note 1] Software  United States [11]
June 29, 1992 OCR Systems Software  United States [12]
August 31, 1994 Aldus Publishing software  United States $437,676,000 [13]
September 9, 1994 LaserTools Software  United States [14]
1995 Photoshop Software  United States [15]
October 30, 1995 Frame Technology Publishing software  United States $566,567,000 [16]
May 20, 1996 Ares Software Font management software  United States [17]
March 14, 1997 Sandcastle Internet latency software  United States $3,500,000 [18]
September 5, 1997 HyWay Ferranti Computer software  United States [19]
September 16, 1997 DigiDox Electronic catalog  United States [20]
January 4, 1999 GoLive Systems Internet service provider  United States [21]
December 5, 2001 Fotiva Digital photo software  United States [22]
April 15, 2002 Accelio[note 2] Software  Canada $72,000,000 [23]
May 2003 Syntrillium Software Software  United States [24]
November 10, 2003 Yellow Dragon Software-Tech[note 3] Tech assets  United States [25]
May 3, 2004 Q-Link Technologies, Inc. Business process management software  United States [26]
December 7, 2004 OKYZ 3D collaboration software  France [27]
December 3, 2005 Macromedia Internet software  United States $3,573,000,000 [28]
December 16, 2005 Navisware Enterprise software  United States [29]
April 21, 2006 Trade and Technologies France Wholesale software  France [30]
June 26, 2006 Pixmantec Software  Denmark [31]
September 5, 2006 InterAKT Software  Romania [32]
October 19, 2006 Serious Magic Inc. Video software  United States [33]
May 31, 2007 Scene7 Multimedia software  United States [34]
October 1, 2007 Virtual Ubiquity Buzzword Collaborative Editing  United States [35]
September 15, 2008 YaWah Prepackaged software  Denmark [36]
August 31, 2009 Business Catalyst Hosting and eCommerce  Australia [37]
September 15, 2009 Omniture Web Analytics  United States $1,800,000,000 [38]
July 28, 2010 Day Software Web Content Management software   Switzerland [39]
January 18, 2011 Demdex Audience optimization solution  United States [40]
July 18, 2011 EchoSign Web-based signature solution  United States [41]
September 8, 2011 Iridas Technology Video enhancement software  Germany [42]
October 3, 2011 Nitobi Mobile Development Software  United States [43]
October 3, 2011 Typekit Web fonts  United States [44]
November 1, 2011 Auditude Video advertising platform  United States $120,000,000 [45]
November 30, 2011 Efficient Frontier Technology Online Search/Social Advertising Campaign Management Platform  United States [46]
December 21, 2012 Behance Inc. Portfolio network for creative professionals  United States [47]
July 23, 2013 Neolane Cross-Channel Campaign Management  France $600,000,000 [48][49]
September 22, 2014 Aviary Photo editing platform  United States [50]

Indirect acquisitions[edit]

Adobe also owns the assets of numerous companies, through less direct means, through the mergers or acquisitions of companies later acquired by Adobe.

Stakes[edit]

Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References
September 21, 1992 Verity Computer consulting  United States [51]
March 1, 1994 Crosswise Applications software  United States [52]
April 19, 1995 Siebel Systems Application services provider  United States [53]
August 8, 1995 Fractal Design Graphics software  United States $2,000,000 [54]
March 23, 2007 Skysoft Online digital music services  Republic of China $1,000,000 [55]

Divestitures[edit]

Date Acquirer Target company Target business Acquirer country Value (USD) References
November 1, 1991 Paracomp MacroMind Software  United States [56]
March 28, 1996 Luminous[note 4] Graphics software  United States [57]
February 5, 1997 INSO MasterSoft Publishing software  United States $3,000,000 [58]
March 24, 1999 Creative Internet Solutions ChangeMedia Internet service provider  United States [59]
May 20, 1999 Calian Technologies Ltd. Why Interactive Multi-media company  Canada $4,360,000 [60]
August 30, 1999 Lotus Development Macromedia Pathware Internet software  United States [61]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Acquired from LaserTools
  2. ^ Acquired from Adobe Systems Canada
  3. ^ Acquired from Yellow Dragon Software
  4. ^ Adobe Systems retained a 19.9% stake in Luminous

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blitstein, Ryan (2006-10-30). "How Adobe launched a revolution". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  2. ^ LePage, Rick (2007-09-11). "Opinion: Adobe's DNA is part of Apple". Macworld. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  3. ^ Lewis, Peter H. (1994-03-16). "Adobe and Aldus Plan a $500 Million Merger". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  4. ^ Lewis, Jay B. (1998-04-13). "Adobe Makes a Move for the Future Fremont Site". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 
  5. ^ "Inside Adobe's New Digital Negative Format". Macworld. 2004-09-30. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  6. ^ "Adobe Systems Announces Adobe FrameMaker for Windows 95 and NT". PR Newswire. 1996-06-03. 
  7. ^ Cohen, Peter (2008-04-28). "Adobe Discontinues GoLive". PC World. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  8. ^ "Adobe Audition 1.0 sounds like a new program, but this multitrack recorder/editor is the offspring of Syntrillium’s Cool Edit Pro 2.1.". PC Magazine. 2003-11-25. 
  9. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Emerald City Software". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  10. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires BluePoint Technologies". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  11. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires LaserTools-Language Tech from LaserTools Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  12. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires OCR Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  13. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Aldus Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  14. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires LaserTools Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  15. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Photoshop". CNET. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  16. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Frame Technology Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  17. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Ares Software Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  18. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Sandcastle Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  19. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires HyWay Ferranti". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  20. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires DigiDox Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  21. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires GoLive Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  22. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Fotiva Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  23. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Accelio Corp from Adobe Systems Canada Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  24. ^ "Cool Edit Pro is now Adobe Audition". Adobe. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  25. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Yellow Dragon Software-Tech from Yellow Dragon Software Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  26. ^ "Adobe Acquires Q-Link Technologies". Adobe. Retrieved 2004-05-04. 
  27. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires OKYZ SA". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  28. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Macromedia Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  29. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Navisware". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  30. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Trade and Technologies France". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  31. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Pixmantec ApS". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  32. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires InterAKT". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  33. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Serious Magic Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  34. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires Scene7 Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  35. ^ "Adobe to Acquire Virtual Ubiquity". Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  36. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires YaWah ApS". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  37. ^ "Adobe Buys Business Catalyst / GoodBarry". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2009-09-16. 
  38. ^ "Adobe To Acquire Omniture For Approximately $1.8 Billion". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2009-09-16. 
  39. ^ "Adobe Adds Leading Web Content Management Software to its Portfolio of Solutions to Create, Deliver and Optimize Customer Experiences". Adobe. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  40. ^ "Adobe Acquires Demdex – Brings Audience Optimization to $109 Billion Global Online Ad Market". Omniture. Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  41. ^ "Adobe Acquires EchoSign – Leading Web-based Signature Solution Joins Document Exchange Services Platform". Adobe. Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  42. ^ "Adobe Acquires IRIDAS Technology Company Extends Leadership in Professional Video with the Acquisition of Premium Tools for Digital Color Grading and Enhancement". Adobe. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  43. ^ "Nitobi Enters Into Acquisition Agreement with Adobe". Adobe. 
  44. ^ "Adobe acquires Typekit". Typekit. 
  45. ^ "Adobe acquires video ad platform Auditude for $120M (updated)". 
  46. ^ "Adobe Acquires Efficient Frontier". 
  47. ^ "Adobe Acquired Portfolio Service Behance For More Than $150 Million In Cash And Stock". 
  48. ^ "Adobe Completes Acquisition of Neolane". 
  49. ^ "Adobe to Buy Neolane for $600 Million to Add Marketing Tools". 
  50. ^ "Adobe Acquires Photo-Editing Platform Aviary". Techcrunch. 
  51. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires a minority stake in Verity Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  52. ^ "Adobe Systems Inc acquires a minority stake in Crosswise Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  53. ^ "Adobe Ventures acquires a minority stake in Siebel Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  54. ^ "Adobe Ventures acquires a minority stake in Fractal Design Corp". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  55. ^ "Adobe Sys Software Ireland Ltd acquires a minority stake in Skysoft Co Ltd". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  56. ^ "Paracomp Inc acquires Macromind Inc from Adobe Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  57. ^ "Investor Group acquires Luminous Corp(Adobe Systems) from Adobe Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  58. ^ "INSO Corp acquires Adobe Systems-MasterSoft Prods from Adobe Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  59. ^ "Creative Internet Solutions acquires ChangeMedia(Allaire Corp) from Adobe Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  60. ^ "Calian Technology Ltd acquires Why Interactive Inc from Adobe Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  61. ^ "Lotus Development Corp(IBM) acquires Macromedia Inc-Pathware Bus from Adobe Systems Inc". Thomson Financial. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 

External links[edit]