List of aircraft of the Royal Canadian Air Force
This list identifies the military aircraft which are currently being operated or have formerly been operated by the Canadian Forces Air Command (1968–2011) or the Royal Canadian Air Force (2011–present).
Current fixed-wing aircraft
|Aircraft||Country of Manufacture||Type||Year(s) Produced||Canadian Designation||In Service||Notes|
|McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet|| Canada
fighter lead-in trainer
|Originally Ordered 138: 98 CF-188A / 40 CF-188B. 15 CF-188A and 2 CF-188B have crashed since 1984, never during combat, killing a total of 7 pilots. 1 CF-188A and 7 CF-188B have been removed from operational service. Many of the crashed or retired aircraft are still used for parts as well as experimental and research purposes. Stationed at 3 Wing Bagotville and 4 Wing Cold Lake. Often referred to as "CF-18".|
|CT-156 Harvard II||USA||Trainer||2000||CT-156||25||Replaced Canadair CL-41 Tutor as trainer; Leased and stationed at 15 Wing Moose Jaw. 24 originally ordered and received in 2000, 2 added in 2002. 1 damaged, possibly 156112 when a student accidentally ejected while parked on the ramp.|
|BAe CT-155 Hawk||UK||lead-in fighter trainer (LIFT)||2000||CT-155||20||20 originally ordered and delivered from 2000 to 2002, 2 added in 2004 to replace 155202 and 155216 lost in crashes. 11 with 2 CFFTS and 9 with 419 squadron|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8||Canada||aerial navigation and tactics trainer||1987
|CT-142||4||Operated by 402 "City of Winnipeg" Sqn and stationed at 17 Wing, Winnipeg|
|Canadair CL-41 Tutor||Canada||jet demonstration aircraft||1962||CT-114||25||Entered service as a basic and advanced jet trainer, replaced by the CT-156 Harvard II and CT-155 Hawk in 2000. Now used by 431 Air Demonstration Squadron "The Snowbirds"; expected to be replaced by December 2020. Originally 190 delivered.|
|Airbus A310||France||Strategic Transport
|Originally ordered by Wardair, sold to Canadian Airlines and purchased by the military. Replaced Boeing CC-137; Stationed at 8 Wing Trenton
2 CC-150 have been converted to tankers and re-designated as CC-150T
|C-17 Globemaster III||USA||strategic airlift||2007–2008||CC-177||5||Stationed at 8 Wing Trenton, a fifth aircraft was ordered in December 2014.|
|Bombardier Challenger 600||Canada||utility transport
|CC-144||6||Operated by 412(T) Sqn and based in Ottawa, but under command of 8 Wing Trenton Utility aircraft are 2 blue CL601s and VIP aircraft are white: 1 CL600, 1 CL601 and 2 newer CL604s)|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter||Canada||utility transport / fixed-wing search and rescue||1970s||CC-138||4||Stationed at Yellowknife, NT. 440 Squadron attached to 17 Wing, Winnipeg, Manitoba.|
|Lockheed C-130 Hercules||USA||tactical transport / fixed-wing search and rescue||1964–1997||CC-130E
|Stationed at 8 Wing Trenton, 14 Wing Greenwood and 17 Wing Winnipeg. One B, five E and three H aircraft lost to crashes. Eleven of nineteen remaining E models have been retired due to airframe life limits. E models are being replaced with CC-130J Super Hercules, while H models will continue until 2017 in the Search and Rescue role.|
|Lockheed Martin CC-130J Super Hercules||USA||short-medium haul tactical lift aircraft||2010–2012||CC-130J-30||17|
|Search and Rescue|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo||Canada||fixed-wing search and rescue||1967||CC-115||6||Will be retired once a replacement found (either EADS CASA C-295 or Alenia Aeronautica C-27J Spartan; all six fly for 442 Transport and Rescue Sqn at 19 Wing Comox|
|Lockheed CP-140 Aurora||USA||Maritime Patrol / Anti-submarine Aircraft||1980||CP-140||18||Stationed at 19 Wing Comox and 14 Wing Greenwood|
|Lockheed CP-140A Arcturus||USA||maritime reconnaissance, search and rescue and fisheries & Arctic patrol||1991||CP-140A||1||CP140/A 119 is the only Arcturus remaining and is used as a training aircraft for the school at 404 Long Range Patrol and Training (LRP&T) Squadron, at 14 Wing Greenwood.|
|Unmanned aerial vehicle|
|Maveric UAS||United States||Miniature UAVs (MUAV)||2010||Prioria Embedded Intelligence||5||The CF will procure the Maveric MUAV for $2.9 million. for employment by ground forces|
|Boeing ScanEagle / Boeing and Insitu||United States||Miniature UAVs (SUAV)||2008||Boeing ScanEagle||1||Leased for 9 months for use by ground forces until the replacement of the CU-161. On April 3, 2009, PWGSC awarded a contract to Insitu Inc. to provide the Canadian Forces with services for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (SUAVs). The contract is estimated to cost $30 million. PWGSC worked closely with DND on a competitive procurement called Project NOCTUA to lease Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) services for a two-year period, with an additional one-year option.|
|IAI Heron||Israel||unmanned aerial reconnaissance||2008–2011||CU-170 Heron||3 leased,
2 remain in service
|Leased from MacDonald Dettwiler in partnership with Israel Aircraft Industries for use in Afghanistan. Forecast to be replaced by new JUSTAS project UAV in 2011.|
|ALIX / BAE Systems||Canada||Miniature UAVs (SUAV)||2004-2005||Silver Fox (CU-167) ||1 or 2||Tested by Defence Research and Development Canada in 2004 and RCN in 2005; no orders|
|MMIST||Canada||Joint precision airdrop system||N/A||Joint precision airdrop system ||N/A||MMIST awarded $3.4MM Joint Precision Airdrop System contract by Canadian Military in 2009.|
|MMIST||Canada||Logistics Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)||N/A||CQ-10 Snowgoose ||N/A||Tested at CFB Cold Lake in 2007.|
|BTE Super Hauler||United States||Miniature UAVs (SUAV)||2012-13||CU-171 Super Hauler||2||Operated by the Canadian Forces School of Aerospace Studies (CFSAS) as a test article for the Aerospace Systems and Operational Test and Evaluation (ASC and OT&E) Courses. The CU-171 has been modified through the addition of a Micro Pilot autopilot and carries an IMSAR NanoSAR B radar and DRS Technologies i2i-3 EO/IR turret.|
|Aircraft||Country of Manufacture||Type||Year(s) Produced||Canadian Designation||# of aircraft in service||Notes|
|AgustaWestland AW101|| Italy
|Medium SAR helicopter||2000||CH-149||14||Fifty originally ordered. In 1987 the Mulroney government announced the purchase of 35 EH-101 to replace the CH-124 Sea King and 15 EH-101 to replace the Search and Rescue CH-113 Labrador. In 1993 the Chrétien government cancelled the contract. Obtained 9 Lockheed Martin VH-71 Kestrel from the United States as spare parts for CH-149.|
|CH-47 Chinook||United States||Cargo helicopter||2008||CH-147||15||Twin-rotor medium/heavy lift helicopter. Six CH-147 "D" model entered service in 2008 and were operationally deployed in January 2009 to Afghanistan. A further 15 long range hybrid "F" models are on order, with the delivery of the first completed in June 2013. The CH-147 "F" model is fitted with MX-15 EO/IR surveillance turrets and AN/ALQ-213V Electronic Warfare Management System (EWMS). The five remaining CH-147s (CH-47D) assigned to Joint Task Force Afghanistan Air Wing were returned to US (AMARC in Arizona) for storage and no longer in active service in 2011.|
|Bell 206||United States||Trainer||1982||CH-139||13|
|Bell 412||Canada||Multipurpose utility helicopter||1995||CH-146||98||Originally ordered 100. 85 allocated for tactical helicopter use and 15 for the search and rescue role. Eight CH-146 Griffons were modified to act as armed escorts for CH-147 Chinook helicopters in Afghanistan, starting in December 2008 and fully operational since January 2009.|
|SH-3 Sea King|| United States
|ASW / utility helicopter||1964||CH-124||27||Originally ordered 41, to be phased out after at least 50 years of service and replaced by 28 CH-148 Cyclones.|
|Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone||United States||ASW / utility helicopter||2010||CH-148||0||Still waiting for first delivery.|
|Aircraft||Canadian designation||Country of manufacture||Type||In service||# of aircraft||Notes|
|Canadair CL-30/T-33 Silver Star||CT-133 Silver Star||Canada||fighter trainer||1953–2005||576||Licence-built Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star|
|Lockheed C-130B Hercules||CC-130B||USA||tactical transport||1960–1967||4||One crashed in 1967, remainder returned to Lockheed when Canada acquired much more capable CC-130E model aircraft.|
|McDonnell F-101B Voodoo||CF-101B Voodoo||United States||fighter||1961–1987||56+56||Survivors exchanged in 1970-71 for 56 upgraded USAF aircraft with lower time airframes. Replaced with CF-188.|
|McDonnell F-101F Voodoo||CF-101F Voodoo||United States||fighter trainer||1961–1987||10+10||Exchanged 10 aircraft for older airframes in 1970-71 as above. Replaced with CF-188.|
|McDonnell EF-101B Voodoo||EF-101B "Electric" Voodoo||United States||electronic warfare fighter||1983–1987||1||Replaced with CF-188.|
|Canadair CL-90 Starfighter||CF-104 Starfighter||Canada||nuclear strike/attack and recce roles||1961–1986||200||Lockheed F-104 Starfighter Licence-built in Canada. One single-seat Palmdale-built aircraft used as a model.|
|Canadair CL-90D Starfighter||CF-104D Starfighter||United States||fighter trainer||1962–1985||38||Lockheed F-104D Starfighter licence-built|
|Canadair CL-28 Argus||CP-107 Argus||Canada||Maritime Patrol / Anti-submarine Aircraft||1957–1981||13; 20||Replaced by CP-140 Aurora|
|Bell CUH-1N Twin Huey||CH-135 Twin Huey||United States||light utility helicopter||1971–1997||50||Replaced by CH-146|
|Bell CUH-1H Iroquois||CH-118 Iroquois||United States||light utility helicopter||1968–1995||10||Replaced by CH-146|
|de Havilland Canada CS2F Tracker||CP-121 Tracker||Canada||ASW surveillance||1956–1990||99+1||Grumman S-2 Tracker licence-built as CS2F for RCN. One Grumman-built aircraft used as production model and later as stationary ground crew trainer. Replaced by CP-140 Aurora.|
|de Havilland Canada Dash 7||CC-132 "Dash-7"||Canada||STOL transport||1979–1988||2||Replaced by CT-142|
|Boeing Vertol Model 107-II-9||CH-113 Labrador||United States||maritime search and rescue helicopter||1964–2002||6||Replaced by CH-149|
|Boeing Vertol Model 107-II-28||CH-113A Voyageur||United States||Assault and utility transport||1964–1995||12||Replaced by CH-149|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou||CC-108 Caribou||Canada||STOL transport||1960–1971||9||Replaced with CC-115|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo||CC-115 Buffalo||Canada||STOL transport||1965–2012||15||Replaced by C-130F|
|Boeing 707-320C||CC-137 Husky||United States||transport / VIP aircraft / air refueling||1970–1997||5||Most returned to US and used for Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS or as spare parts; replaced by CC-150|
|Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck||CF-100 Canuck||Canada||Interceptor fighter||1955–1981||329||Replaced by CF-188|
|Beechcraft Musketeer Model B23||CT-134 Musketeer||United States||light trainer||1971–1984||24||Replaced by CT-134A Musketeer II|
|Beechcraft Musketeer Model C23||CT-134A Musketeer II||United States||light trainer||1981–1992||24||Replaced by leased Slingsby T67 Firefly from Bombardier Aerospace|
|Beechcraft B200 Super King Air||United States||transport||1991–1995||3||Operated by Bombardier Aerospace as trainers as well.|
|Bell OH-58 Kiowa||CH-136 Kiowa||United States||light attack helicopter||1971–1995||65||Replaced by CH-146 Griffon.|
|Bell 206B JetRanger III||CH-136||United States||light observation helicopter||1981–1992||14|
|Boeing CH-47C Chinook||CH-147 Chinook||United States||heavy lift helicopter||1974–1991||9||Sold to Royal Netherlands Air Force|
|Canadair CL-44||CC-106 Yukon||Canada||transport||1959–1970||12||Replaced with CC-130|
|Canadair CL-84-1A Dynavert||Canada||tilt wing monoplane||1965–1975||4||Demonstrator only|
|Canadair CL-66B||CC-109 Cosmopolitan||Canada||turboprop transport||1960–1993||10||Licence-built Convair 440|
|Dassault Falcon 20C||CC-117||France||small jet||1967–1989||8||Replaced by Canadair CC-144|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk||CT-120 Chipmunk||Canada||single-engined piston basic trainer||1948–1972||113||Replaced by CT-134 trainers|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter||CC-123 Otter||Canada||light single-engine piston STOL transport aircraft||1953–1982||69|
|de Havilland Canada DHC-7R Ranger||CC-132R||Canada||turboprop transport||1979–1984||2||Retired ahead of the closure of CFB Lahr|
|Douglas Dakota||CC-129 Dakota||United States||military transport||1943–1988||173||Replaced with the CC-142|
|Grumman HU-16B Albatross||CSR-110 Albatross||United States||twin-radial engine amphibious flying boat||1960–1970||10||Replaced with CC-115 Buffalo.|
|MBB/Kawasaki BK 117-A3||CH-143||Germany||twin-engined medium utility/transport helicopter||1990||1||Demonstrator only and returned to MBB Canada|
|Canadair CL-13 Sabre Mk.5||CF-86 Sabre||Canada||fighter||1953–1975||370||Licence-built North American F-86 Sabre|
|Canadair CL-13 Sabre Mk.6||CF-86 Sabre||Canada||fighter||1954–1975||430||Licence-built North American F-86 Sabre|
|Canadair CF-5A||CF-116A Freedom Fighter||Canada||fighter, reconnaissance||1968–1995||89||Licence-built Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter|
|Canadair CF-5D||CF-116D Freedom Fighter||Canada||fighter trainer||1968–1995||46||Licence-built Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter|
|SAGEM Sperwer||CU-161|| France
|unmanned aerial reconnaissance||2003–18 April 2009||23||Retired 2009|
|Boeing B-47B Stratojet||CL-52||United States||Engine test bed||1956-1959||1||Taken on strength by RCAF as a flying test-bed for the Orenda Iroquois jet engine for the CF-105 Arrow.|
Leased and contract aircraft
The Canadian Forces have leased aircraft from vendors to help transport troops and equipment from Canada and other locations in the past decade.
|Aircraft||Country of manufacture||Type||In service||Notes|
|Beechcraft B200 Super King Air||USA||light transport and utility aircraft||2009–Present||Two aircraft leased from Aero Support Canada Inc. Part of the Multi-Engine Utility Flight(MEUF) based at CFB Trenton. Flown by Canadian Force pilots, they are used for light transport of personnel and equipment within North America.|
|Dornier Alpha Jet Type A||Germany||jet trainer||2005–present||4 leased by Discovery Air Defence Services for CATS (Contracted Airborne Training Services); ex-German Luftwaffe aircraft; based at 3 Wing|
|Hawker Hunter F.58||United Kingdom||jet trainer||2002–2005?||12 jets leased from Northern Lights Combat Air Support; former Swiss Air Force fighters; based at 4 Wing CFB Cold Lake|
|Ilyushin Il-76||Russia||strategic airlift||post-2001 - 2008?||Contract with Toronto, Ontario based Skylink Aviation Inc for transporting equipment to Kandahar from Turkey or CFB Edmonton; contract ends with delivery of C-17|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||medium lift helicopter||post-2001 - 2008?||Contract with Skylink Aviation for transporting equipment and troops in the Balkans and Afghanistan|
|Antonov An-225 Mriya||Ukraine||strategic airlift||post-2001 - 2008?||Contract for use in the Middle East; contract ends with delivery of C-17|
|Antonov An-124 Ruslan||Russia||strategic airlift||post-2001 - 2008?||Contract to ship supplies from CFB Trenton to Canadian Forces serving in Afghanistan; contract ends with delivery of C-17|
|Mil Mi-8||Russia||transport helicopter||November 2008||To be leased from SkyLink Aviation for use in Afghanistan|
|IAI Heron||Israel||unmanned aerial reconnaissance||2008–2011||3 leased from MacDonald Dettwiler in partnership with Israel Aircraft Industries for use in Afghanistan, designated CU-170 Heron for $95 million for training and operations contract to keep the Herons in service until early 2011, with a C$35 million option for an additional 3rd year.|
|Boeing ScanEagle||United States||unmanned aerial reconnaissance||2008–2009||Leased from Boeing for use in Afghanistan for 9 months|
- Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.5 Aug 2009
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- "Snowbirds Prepare To Retire CT-114 Tutor". Avweb.com. 2012-08-18. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- "Canadian Defence Minister gave green light for a fifth C-17 Globemaster III military airlifter". December 22, 2014.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed CC-130B Hercules 10304 North Battleford, SK". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
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- The Final Flight of CP140/A AC120 To Tucson, Arizona
- "Canada buys Maveric MUAV". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- "Canadian military acquiring new helicopters, drones". CBC News. August 7, 2008.
- "New contract for small unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAV) will boost economy". Insitu.com. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- "New contract for small unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAV)". News.gc.ca. 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
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