List of active nationalist parties in Europe
Ruth Wodak stresses that the rise of populist parties across Europe has different reasons in different countries. In a March 2014 article she divided these parties into four groups: "parties [that] gain support via an ambivalent relationship with fascist and Nazi pasts" (e.g., in Austria, Hungary, Italy, Romania, and France), parties that "focus primarily on a perceived threat from Islam" (e.g., in the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland), parties that "restrict their propaganda to a perceived threat to their national identities from ethnic minorities" (e.g., in Hungary, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom) and parties that "endorse a fundamentalist Christian conservative-reactionary agenda" (e.g., in Poland, Romania and Bulgaria). According to the Economist, the main attraction of far-right parties in the Scandinavian countries is the national culture "seeming under threat."
Different parts of Europe have nationalist parties with different ideologies and goals. Most nationalist parties in Western Europe are described as right-wing populists. According to Thomas Klau of the European Council on Foreign Relations "as antisemitism was a unifying factor for far-right parties in the 1910s, 20s and 30s, Islamophobia has become the unifying factor in the early decades of the 21st century."
Nationalist parties are the ruling parties in the two former Yugoslav countries. In the Republic of Macedonia, the VMRO-DPMNE is one of the two major parties in the country. The Serbian Progressive Party (SNS), founded in 2008 by former Serbian Radical Party members and is led by Tomislav Nikolić. The SNS won plurality in the 2012 parliamentary election and is since the senior party in the Serbian government.
In all other countries, nationalist parties are in opposition. In some countries, nationalist parties are major players in politics, such as in the National Front in France, True Finns in Finland, Austria, Jobbik Hungary, LDPR in Russia, MHP in Turkey, the Golden Dawn in Greece, the Armenian Revolutionary Federation in Armenia, etc.
Most, if not all, nationalist parties represented in the European Parliament are in the Europe of Freedom and Democracy group.
Eastern Europe and the Caucasus
Nationalist parties in the Eastern European states differ from the ones in Western Europe mostly by the fact that there is virtually no immigration into these countries.
Governments in Belarus and Azerbaijan are often considered totalitarian and elections in these countries have been described unfair and not free and thus the parliaments are effectively controlled by the ruling party.
- the ruling party
Disputed, de facto independent areas
|Party||Country||Date established||% of popular vote (legislature)||Votes (legislature)||Seats||Ideology, description|
|Unity Party||South Ossetia||
|National Unity Party||Northern Cyprus||
|Democratic Party of Kosovo||Kosovo||
|Party||Country||Date established||% of popular vote (legislature)||Votes (legislature)||Seats||Ideology|
|Alliance of Independent Social Democrats||Republika Srpska||
|Scottish National Party||Scotland||
|Basque National Party||Basque Country||
|Convergence and Union||Catalonia||
|Sinn Féin||Northern Ireland||
|Party of Democratic Action||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina||
|Party of the Corsican Nation||Corse||
|Die Freiheitlichen||South Tyrol||
|Croatian Democratic Union||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina||
|Galician Nationalist Bloc||Galicia||
|Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians||Vojvodina||
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