List of active separatist movements in Africa

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Africa. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

 Algeria[edit]

 Angola[edit]

 Cameroon[edit]

 Comoros[edit]

 Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

 Egypt[edit]

 Equatorial Guinea[edit]

 Ethiopia[edit]

 France[edit]

Secessionist movements
  • Mayotte continues to have autonomist movements despite the island having voted to become France's 101st department in 2011.[15]

 Ivory Coast[edit]

 Kenya[edit]

 Libya[edit]

 Mauritius[edit]

 Mali[edit]

 Morocco[edit]

 Namibia[edit]

 Niger[edit]

 Nigeria[edit]

 Rwanda[edit]

 Senegal[edit]

 Somalia[edit]

 South Africa[edit]

 South Sudan[edit]

 Spain[edit]

 Sudan[edit]

 Tanzania[edit]

 Uganda[edit]

 Zambia[edit]

 Zimbabwe[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adam Shatz (2003-06-08). "The other intifada" (PDF). Berberworld.com, republished article from Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ www. kabylia-gov.org
  3. ^ "Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  4. ^ Gilbert da Costa (2006-07-07). "Bakassi Region Residents Protest Handover of Region to Cameroon". Voice of America. Retrieved 2009-04-12. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Southern Cameroons National Council plans street protests to have activists freed". The Post News. 2005-11-27. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  6. ^ "MPA - Mouvement Populaire Anjouanais". MweziNet. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  7. ^ "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Comoros : Overview". UNHCR. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  8. ^ "SPECIAL INQUIRY INTO THE BAS CONGO EVENTS OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH 2008" (PDF). Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. May 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. [dead link]
  9. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Democratic Republic of the Congo". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  10. ^ Iain Dalton (2008-11-19). "Democratic republic of Congo: Civil war erupts once again". The Socialist (UK). Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  11. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 472. ISBN 0-313-32384-4. 
  12. ^ a b http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/today%E2%80%99s-papers-al-qaeda%E2%80%99s-hoax-nubian-separatism
  13. ^ a b http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2011/1063/eg8.htm
  14. ^ "CASE N° GEQ/07 - MARCELO LOHOSO - EQUATORIAL GUINEA". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  15. ^ http://mayotte.rfo.fr/infos/dossiers/politique-quand-mayotte-deviendra-departement_1706.html
  16. ^ "Background Note: Cote d'Ivoire". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  17. ^ http://theafricareport.com/index.php/20120517501811752/east-horn-africa/kenya-s-mombasa-republican-council%E2%80%A9-the-coast-calls-for-freedom-501811752.html
  18. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2012/sep/06/africa-map-separatist-movements-interactive
  19. ^ "Cri de Liberté". Mathaba News Network. 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  20. ^ In Fula: Fulɓe; in French: Peul
  21. ^ "Caprivi Liberation Front". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  22. ^ Forrest, Joshua B. (2003). Subnationalism in Africa: Ethnicity, Alliances, and Politics. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 188. ISBN 1-58826-227-8. 
  23. ^ Biafraland
  24. ^ "Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques du le Casamance (MFDC)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  25. ^ "'Ek is wit en trots daarop'". Mail & Guardian. 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  26. ^ http://www.news24.com/Content/SouthAfrica/News/1059/9a68b52ea4c14b31a9df048672f27c93/24-01-2010-04-43/Accept_Thembuland_-_kings_lawyer_
  27. ^ "Assessment for Lozi in Zambia". Minorities at Risk. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ [2]