List of adaptive radiated marsupials by form

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of adaptive radiated marsupials by form; they are adaptively radiated marsupial species equivalent to the many niche-types of non-marsupial mammals. Many of the surviving species are from Australia. There are unique types, for example the extinct genus Nototherium, a 'rhinoceros-type'.[1]

The new world has the common opossum, also a unique form.[2]

Even before the mid-19th century and Charles Darwin's time, biogeographers understood speciation and animal niches. A supreme example that became known to Darwin as sailing ships traveled the world is the New Zealand flightless, ground-dwelling, worm-eating kiwi, a bird, but a species in a mammal-niche.

Anteater-like[edit]

1 genus–(monotypic)
(2 subspecies)

Anteater-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(anteater-like)

  1. 1 Genus-Numbat
    (2 subspecies)
Western Australia
(2 subspecies)

Cat-like[edit]

1 genus–(6 species)

Cat-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(cat-like)

  1. D. albopunctatus
  2. D. geoffroii
  3. D. hallucatus
  4. D. maculatus
  5. D. spartacus
  6. D. viverrinus
Australia &
Papua and New Guineas

Groundhog-like[edit]

6 genera
2 surviving genera

Groundhog-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(groundhog-like)

  1. 6 genera
Common Wombat, Maria Island, Tasmania

Mole-like[edit]

1 genus–(2 species)

Mole-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(mole-like)

  1. N. caurinus
  2. N. typhlops

Rhinoceros-like[edit]

1 genus

Rhinoceros-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(rhinoceros-like)

Extinct

Panther like[edit]

6 genera

Panther-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(panther-like)

†Priscileo pitikantensis (Upper Oligocene) †Priscileo roskellyae (Middle Miocene) Subfamily Wakaleoninae Genus †Wakaleo †Wakaleo alcootaensis (Upper Miocene) †Wakaleo oldfieldi (Lower—Upper Miocene) †Wakaleo vanderleueri (Middle—Upper Miocene) Subfamily Thylacoleoninae Genus †Thylacoleo †Thylacoleo carnifex (Pleistocene) †Thylacoleo crassidentatus (Pliocene) †Thylacoleo hilli (Pliocene)

Thylacoleo BW
|Thylacoleos–(Thylacoleo)]]

Squirrel-like[edit]

1 genus–(6 species)

Squirrel-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(squirrel-like)

  1. P. abidi
  2. P. australis
  3. P. biacensis
  4. P. breviceps
  5. P. gracilis
  6. P. norfolcensis

Wolf-like[edit]

1 genus–(1 species)

Wolf-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(wolf-like)

  1. T. cynocephlus
Extinct

Wolverine-like[edit]

1 genus–(1 species)

Wolverine-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(wolverine-like)

  1. S. harrisii
extirpated
from mainland
(Tasmania only)

Unique:Kangaroo-like[edit]

Unique:Opossum-like[edit]

? species

Unique—Opossum-like marsupials
Taxa Presence Notes Images

Marsupial:
(opossum-like)

  1. Many genera
Virginia Opossum Didelphis virginiana

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, Eisner, Briggs, Dickerson, Metzenberg, O'Brien, Susman, & Boggs. Life on Earth, Chapter: Biogeography, Graphic: Adaptive Radiation of Marsupials, p. 854-855.
  2. ^ Wilson, Eisner, Briggs, Dickerson, Metzenberg, O'Brien, Susman, & Boggs. Life on Earth, Chapter: Biogeography, Graphic: Adaptive Radiation of Marsupials, p. 854-855.
  • Wilson, Eisner, Briggs, Dickerson, Metzenberg, O'Brien, Susman, & Boggs. Life on Earth, Edward O. Wilson, Thomas Eisner, Winslow R. Briggs, Richard E. Dickerson, Robert L. Metzenberg, Richard D. O'Brien, Millard Susman, William E. Boggs, c 1973, Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publisher, Stamford, Connecticut. 1033 pp, 19 p Index & Back Page (hardcover, ISBN 0-87893-934-2)