List of air forces

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For other uses, see Air force (disambiguation).

This alphabetically arranged list of air forces identifies the current and historical names and roundels for the military aviation arms of countries fielding an air component, whether an independent air force, a naval air arm, army aviation unit, or coast guard. At the end is a separate list of no longer extant nations that once operated air forces. Country names in italics indicate that they are not generally recognized internationally as independent states but which nonetheless managed to field an active air service. For information on the size of air forces, see list of countries by size of armed forces.

A[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Afghanistan Afghan National Army emblem.svg Afghan Air Force[1]
دافغانستان هوايۍ ځواک
2010

Afghan National Army Air Force[2]
Afghan Melli-e Ourdou

Transparent.png 2002-2010

Air and Air Defense Force of the Islamic State of Afghanistan (Mujahideen)[3]

Transparent.png 1996-2001

Army Air Force of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban)[4]

Transparent.png 1996-2001

Air and Air Defense Force of the Islamic State of Afghanistan[5]

ISA roundel3.png 1992-1996

Afghan Republican Air Force
De Afghan Hanoi Quirah

Roundel of the Afghan Air Force (1983-1992).svg 1983-1992

Afghan Army Air Force[6]
De Afghan Hawa-e Quvah

Afghanistan-roundel02.svg 1980-1983

Afghan Republican Air Force
De Afghan Hanoi Quirah

Roundel of the Afghan Air Force (1948-1979).svg 1973-1979

Royal Afghan Air Force

Roundel of the Afghan Air Force (1948-1979).svg 1948-1973

Afghan Air Force
Afghan Hawa-e Ourdou

Roundel of the Afghan Air Force (1937-1947).svg 1937-1947

Afghan Military Air Arm

Roundel of Afghanistan Air Force (1924-1929).svg 1924[7]-1929
 Albania Albanian Air Force roundel.svg Albanian Air Brigade 2006

Albanian Air Force
Forcat Ajrore Shqiptare

Transparent.png 1991-2006

 

Roundel of the Albanian Air Force 1960-91.svg 1960-1990

 

Roundel of the Albanian Air Force 1958-60.svg 1958-1960

Albanian People's Army Air Force

Roundel of the Albanian Air Force before 1958.svg 1947-1991

Royal Albanian Air Corps

Transparent.png 1914-1939
 Algeria Algeria A-F Roundel.svg Algerian Air Force
Adwas Ujenna Adzayri
ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⵓⵊⴻⵏⵏⴰ ⴰⴷⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉ
القوة الجوية الجزائرية
Al-quwwa al-jawwiyya al-jazaeriyya
1962
Transparent.png Algerian National Navy, Aviation
Transparent.png Gendarmerie Nationale (Algeria), Aviation Service
 Angola Angola-roundel.svg National Air Force of Angola
Força Aérea Nacional de Angola
2007

Angolan People's Air Force & Anti-Aircraft Defence
Força Aérea Popular de Angola / Defesa Anti-Aérea

Angola-roundel.svg 1980-2007

 

Roundel of Angola 1975.svg 1976-1980
 Argentina Roundel of Argentina.svg Argentine Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Argentina
1945

Army Aeronautical Service
Servicio Aeronáutico del Ejército

Transparent.png 1912-1945?
Roundel of Argentina Navy.svg Argentine Naval Aviation
Comando de Aviación Naval Argentina
1919
Roundel of Argentina.svg Argentine Army Aviation
Comando de Aviación del Ejército Argentino
1956[8]
Transparent.png Coast Guard Air Service
Servicio de Aviación de la Prefectura Naval Argentina
1970s
Transparent.png Border Guard Air Service
Dirección de Aeronáutica de Gendarmería [1]
1955
 Armenia Roundel of Armenia.svg Armenian Air Force
Հայաստանի Ռազմաօդային Ուժեր
1992
 Australia RAAF Roundel.svg Royal Australian Air Force 1921

 

RAF roundel.svg 1945-1956

 

RAAF Type A Roundel (dull colours).svg 1942-1945

 

RAAF Type B Roundel (dull colours).svg 1942-1945

Royal Australian Air Force

RAF Type A Roundel.svg 1921-1942

Australian Air Corps

RAF Type A Roundel.svg 1921

Australian Flying Corps

RAF Type A Roundel.svg 1914-1921
RAAF-Lowvis-Roundel.svg Royal Australian Navy Fleet Air Arm 1947
Roundel of Australian Army aviation.svg Australian Army Aviation 1968

1st Aviation Regiment (Australia)

Roundel of Australian Army aviation.svg 1966
 Austria Roundel of the Austrian Air Force.svg Austrian Air Force
Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte
1955

Luftwaffen Kommando Österreich

Balkenkreuz.svg 1938-1945

Austrian Air Force
Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte

Roundel of the Austrian Air Force.svg 1928-1938

Heimwehr, Flying Corps

Transparent.png 1927-1928
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Air Force roundel.svg Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force
Azərbaycan hərbi hava qüvvələri
1991

B[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Bahamas Bahamas Air Force Roundel.svg Royal Bahamas Defence Force Air Wing 1981
 Bahrain Royal Bahraini Air Force roundel.svg Royal Bahraini Air Force 2002

Bahrain Ameri Air Force

Transparent.png 1987-2002

Bahrain Defence Force Air Wing

Transparent.png 1977-1987
Transparent.png Royal Bahrain Naval Force, Aviation
 Bangladesh
(formerly East Pakistan)
Bangladeshi Air Force roundel.svg Bangladesh Air Force
বাংলাদেশ বিমান বাহিনী
Bangladesh Biman Bahini
1971
Transparent.png Bangladesh Navy, Aviation
Transparent.png Bangladesh Army, Aviation
Transparent.png Bangladesh Coast Guard, Aviation Service
 Barbados Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados Defence Force 1981[9]
 Belarus URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg Belarus Air Force post 1995

Belarus Air Force

Flag of Belarus (1918, 1991-1995).svg 1991-1995
 Belgium Roundel of the Belgian Air Force.svg COMOPSAIR[10]
Luchtcomponent, Composante Air
2002

Belgische Luchtmacht, Force Aerienne Belge

Roundel of the Belgian Air Force.svg 1946-2001

Militair Vliegwezen, Aviation Militaire

Roundel of the Belgian Air Force.svg 1915-1940

Compagnie des Ouvries et Aérostiers

Transparent.png 1910-1915
Roundel of the Belgian Air Force.svg Belgian Navy, Naval Flight 1962-2002
Roundel of the Belgian Air Force.svg Belgian Army, Light Aviation Group 1954-2002
Transparent.png Gendarmerie (Belgium), Air Support Unit -2001
 Belize
(formerly British Honduras)
Flag of Belize.svg Belize Defence Force Air Wing 1983
 Benin
(formerly Dahomery)
Benin Air Force Roundel.svg Benin Air Force
Force Aérienne Populaire de Benin
1990

People's Republic of Benin air force

Roundel of Benin 1975.svg 1975-1990

Dahomey Air Force
Force Aérienne de Dahomey

Transparent.png 1961-1975
 Bhutan Roundel of Bhutan.svg Bhutan Army Air Arm 1972
 Bolivia Bolivian Air Force roundel.svg Bolivian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Boliviana
1944

Bolivian Military Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación

Bolivian Air Force roundel.svg 1923-1944
Bolivian Air Force roundel.svg Bolivian Navy, Naval Aviation
Bolivian Air Force roundel.svg Bolivian Army, Aviation
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Air Force and Air Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ваздухопловство и ПВО
Zrakoplovstvo i PZO
2007

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Air Force
Zračne Snage Armije Federacije BiH

Flag of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1996-2007).svg 1996-2006

Republika Srpska Air Force
Ратно Ваздухопловство и ПВО ВРС
Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i PVO VRS

Roundels of Republika Srpska.svg 1992-2006

Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Air Force
Zračne Snage Armije Republike BiH

Roundel of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg 1992-1996
 Botswana
(formerly Bechuanaland)
Roundel of the Botswana Defence Force.svg Botswana Defence Force Air Wing 1977
 Brazil Brazilian Air Force roundel.svg Brazilian Air Force
Força Aérea Brasileira (FAB)
1941

(Roundel used during World War II)

Brazilian Air Force WW2 roundel.svg 1941-1945

National Air Forces
Forças Aéreas Nacionais

Transparent.png 1941

Military Aviation Service
Serviço de Aviação Militar (AvM)

Transparent.png 1918-1941

Brazilian Army Balloon Corps

Transparent.png 1908
Brazilian Navy Aviation roundel.svg Brazilian Naval Aviation
Força Aeronaval
1965

Naval Aviation Service
Serviço de Aviação Naval (AvN)

Brazilian Navy Aviation roundel.svg 1922-1941

Naval Aviation School

Transparent.png 1916-1922
Coat of arms of the Brazilian Army.svg Brazilian Army Aviation Command
Comando de Aviação do Exército Brasileiro
1986
 Brunei Roundel brunei.svg Royal Brunei Air Force
Angkatan Tentera Udara Diraja Brunei
1991

Royal Brunei Armed Forces Air Wing

Transparent.png 1984-1991

Royal Brunei Malay Regiment Air Wing

Transparent.png 1965-1984
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Air Force roundel.svg Bulgarian Air Force
Български Военновъздушни Сили
Balgarski Voennovazdushni Sili (BVVS)
1992

Bulgarian Air Defense and Air Force
Противовъздушна отбрана и Военновъздушни сили

Protivovazdushna Otbrana i Voennovazdushni Sili (PVOiVVS)

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1948.svg 1961-1992

Bulgarian Military Air Force
Български Военновъздушни Сили

Balgarski Voennovazdushni Sili (BVVS)

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1948.svg 1952-1961

Bulgarian Military Air Force
Български Военновъздушни Сили

Balgarski Voennovazdushni Sily (VVS)

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1948.svg 1949-1952

Air Army
Въздушни Войски

Vazdusni Voiski (VV)

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1944.svg 1945-1949

 

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1941.svg 1941-1944

Royal Bulgarian Air Force[11]
Vazhdushnite na Negovo Velichestvo Voiski (VNVV)

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1938.svg 1937-1941

Department of Aeronautics under Ministry of Railways, Posts and Telegraphs

Transparent.png 1924-1937

Section of Aeronautics under Ministry of Railways, Posts and Telegraphs[12]

Transparent.png 1920-1924

Gendarmery Aeroplane Detachment
Zhandarmeriisko Aeroplanno Otdelenie

Transparent.png 1919-1920

Aeroplane Group

Transparent.png 1918-1919

Army Aviation Corps[13]

Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg 1915-1918

Aeronautical Battalion

Transparent.png 1914-1915

Aeronautical Detachment[14]

Transparent.png 1906-1914
Bulgarian Air Force roundel.svg Bulgarian Naval Aviation
Aviatsia Na Bulgarskiya Voennomorski Flot (AnBVMF)
1992

Independent ASW Squadron of the Navy
Otdelna Protivolodachna Eskadrila na VMF (OPLEV-VMF)

Bulgarian Air Force roundel 1948.svg 1959-1990

Bulgarian Naval Aviation

Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg 1915-1918
 Burkina Faso
(formerly Upper Volta)
Roundel of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso Air Force
Force Aérienne de Burkina Faso
1984

Upper Volta Air Force

Transparent.png 1964-1984
 Burundi Roundel Burundi.svg Burundi Army Aviation
Force Armée du Burundi
1966

C[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Cambodia
(formerly Kampuchea)
Royal Cambodian Air Force roundel.svg Royal Cambodian Air Force
Toap Akas Khemarak Phoumin
Force Aérienne Royale Cambodge
1993

Cambodian People's Air Force

Roundel of Cambodia 1989.svg 1989-1993

Kampuchean People's Air Force

Roundel of Cambodia 1979.png 1979-1989[15]

Air Force of the Kampuchean Liberation Army

Roundel of Cambodia 1975.svg 1977-1979[16]

Khmer National Air Force
Armée de l'Air Khmère

Roundel of Cambodia 1970.svg 1970-1975

Royal Khmer Air Force
Aviation Royale Khmere

Transparent.png 1954-1970
 Cameroon Roundel of the Cameroonian Air Force.svg Cameroon Air Force
Armée de l'Air du Cameroun
1960
Roundel of the Cameroonian Air Force.svg Cameroon Naval Aviation
Aviation Navale Camerounaise
2009
Roundel of the Cameroonian Air Force.svg Cameroon Army Light Aviation
Aviation Légère (ALDA)
2008
 Canada RCAF-Roundel.svg Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) ("Aviation royale canadienne" ) 2011

Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM)
Commandement de la Force aérienne du Canada

RCAF-Roundel.svg 1968-2011

Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)

Roundel of the Royal Canadian Air Force (1946-1965).svg 1924-1968

Air Board (Canada)

RAF type A roundel.svg 1919-1923

Canadian Air Force

RAF type A roundel.svg 1918-1920

Royal Flying Corps Canada

RAF type A roundel.svg 1917-1918

Canadian Aviation Corps

Transparent.png 1914-1915
Transparent.png Royal Canadian Navy Fleet Air Arm

 

RCN roundel.jpg 1952-1968

 

RCN pre-1952 roundel.JPG 1946-1952

Royal Canadian Naval Air Service

Transparent.png 1918-1919
Transparent.png Canadian Army, Aviation 1947-1968
Transparent.png Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Aviation Service 1932
 Cape Verde Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde Air Force
Força Aérea Caboverdiana
1982
Transparent.png Cape Verde Coast Guard
Guarda Costeira de Cabo Verde
1992[17]
 Central African Republic
(formerly the Central African Empire)
Roundel central african republic.svg Central African Republic Air Force
Force Aérienne Centrafricaine
1976-

Central African Empire Air Force

Roundel central african republic.svg 1976-1979

Central African Republic Air Force

Roundel central african republic.svg 1961-1976
 Chad Roundel of Chad.svg Chad Air Force
Force Aérienne Tchadienne
1973
 Chile Chilean Air Force roundel.svg Chilean Air Force
Fuerza Aérea de Chile (FACh)[18]
1930

Chilean Military Aviation Service
Servicio de Aviación Militar de Chile

Transparent.png 1910-1930
Chilean Naval Aviation Roundel.svg Chilean Naval Aviation
Servicio de Aviación de la Armada de Chile (popularly, Aviación Naval)
1953

Chilean Naval Aviation Service
Servicio de Aviación Naval de Chile

Transparent.png 1919-1930[19]
Chilean Air Force roundel.svg Chilean Army Aviation
Comando de Aviación del Ejército de Chile (popularly, Aviación del Ejército)
1970[20]
Transparent.png Carabineros de Chile, Aviation Service 1960
 China (PRC) Roundel of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force.svg People's Liberation Army Air Force
中国人民解放军空军
Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Kongjun
1949

 

PLAAF Roundel 1946-1949 Ki.svg 1946-1949

 

PLAAF Roundel 1946-1949.svg 1946-1949

Nanyuan Flying Group
南苑航空队[21]

Transparent.png 1949

Red Army of China Air Force
中国工农红军空军

RAC Roundel 1946-1949.svg c. 1930[22]
Roundel of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force.svg People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force
中国人民解放军海军航空兵
Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Haijun Hangkongbing
1953
Transparent.png People's Liberation Army Ground Force Aviation
中国人民解放军陆军航空兵
 ????
Transparent.png China Coast Guard, Aviation
Transparent.png China Marine Surveillance, Aviation
 Colombia Colombian Air Force Roundel.svg Colombian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Colombiana
1922
Colombian Naval Aviation Roundel.svg Colombian Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval
1935
Colombian Air Force Roundel.svg Colombian Army Aviation
Aviación del Ejército
1995
 Congo[23] Roundel of the Congolese Air Force.svg Congolese Air Force
L'Armée de l'Air du Congo

People’s Republic of Congo Air Force

Roundel of Congo 1970.svg 1970-1992

Congolese Air Force

Roundel of the Congolese Air Force.svg 1961-1970
 Dem. Rep. of the Congo
(formerly Zaire)[24]
Congo Air force roundel variant.svg Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Force Aérienne du Congo

Zaire Air Force

Roundel of Zaire Air Force.svg 1971-1997
 Costa Rica Transparent.png Air Surveillance Service
Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea (SVA) – Fuerza Pública
1994

Air Section of the Costa Rica Ministry of Public Security
Sección Aérea del Ministerio de Seguridad Pública

Roundel of the Air Section of the Costa Rica Ministry of Public Security.svg 1964-1994

Air Section of the Costa Rica Civil Guard
Sección Aérea de la Guardia Civil

Transparent.png 1957-1964

Costa Rican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Costarricense

Transparent.png 1955-1957

Costa Rican Military Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Militar

Roundel of the Costa Rican Military Air Force.svg 1947/48-1949[25]
 Côte d'Ivoire
(Ivory Coast)
Roundel ivory coast.svg Côte d'Ivoire Air Force
Force Aérienne de la Côte d'Ivoire
c. 1965
 Croatia Roundel of the Croatian Air Force.svg Croatian Air Force and Defense
Hrvatsko ratno zrakoplovstvo i protuzračna obrana
1991

Croatian Air Force Legion
Kroatische Luftwaffen Legion[26]

Croatian roundel WW2.svg 1941-1945

Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia
Zrakoplovstov Nezavisne Države Hrvatske

Croatian roundel.PNG 1941-1945
 Cuba Roundel of the Cuban Air Force 1928-1955 and 1962-today.svg Cuban Revolutionary Air Force[27]
Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria
1959

Cuban Rebel Air Force[28]
Fuerza Aérea Rebelde

Roundel of the Cuban Air Force 1959-1962.svg 1958

Cuban Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea del Ejército de Cuba

Roundel of the Cuban Air Force 1955-1959.svg 1952-1958

Cuban Army Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación del Ejército de Cuba

Roundel of the Cuban Air Force 1928-1955 and 1962-today.svg 1934-1952

Cuban Army Air Corps
Cuerpo Aéreo del Ejército de Cuba

Transparent.png 1915-1934

Cuban Army Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación del Ejército de Cuba

Transparent.png 1913-1915
Transparent.png Cuban Naval Aviation[29]
Aviación Naval
1934-1952
 Cyprus Hellenic Air Force Roundel.svg Cyprus Air Forces
Διοίκησης Αεροπορίας Κύπρου
1963
 Czech Republic Czech roundel.svg Czech Air Force
Vzdušné síly armády České republiky
1993

D[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Denmark Royal Danish Air Force Roundel.svg Royal Danish Air Force
Flyvevåbnet
1950

Royal Danish Army Air Corps
Hærens Flyvertropper

Royal Danish Air Force Roundel.svg 1912-1950

Royal Danish Naval Aviation
Marinens Flyvevæsen

Royal Danish Air Force Roundel.svg 1911-1950
Transparent.png Danish Navy Air Squadron[30]
Søværnets Helikoptertjeneste
2003-2010

Royal Danish Navy Flying Service
Søværnets Flyvetjeneste (SVF)

Royal Danish Air Force Roundel.svg 1962-2003
Transparent.png Royal Danish Army Flying Service[31]
Hærens Flyvetjeneste (HFT)
1971-2003
 Djibouti
(formerly the French Territory of Afars and Issas)
Djibouti Air Force roundel.svg Djibouti Air Force
Force Aérienne du Djibouti
1977
 Dominican Republic Dominican Air Force roundel.svg Dominican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Dominicana (FAD)
1962

Dominican Military Aviation
Aviación Militar Dominicana (AMD)

Transparent.png 1957-1962

Dominican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Dominicana (FAD)

Transparent.png 1955-1957

Dominican Military Aviation
Aviación Militar Dominicana (AMD)

Transparent.png 1952-1955

Dominican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Dominicana (FAD)

Transparent.png 1950-1952

Dominican Military Aviation Corps (DMAC)
El Cuerpo de Aviación Militar Dominicana (CAMD/AMD)

Transparent.png 1948-1950
Transparent.png Air Cavalry Squadron
Escuadrón de Caballería Aérea (EdCA)
2002

Air Transport Cavalry Brigade
Brigada de Caballería Aerotransportada

Transparent.png 2001-2002

Aviation Company of the National Army
Compañía de Aviación del Ejército Nacional

Transparent.png 1942-1948[32]

Dominican Army Aviation Company
Compañía de Aviación del Ejército Dominicano

Transparent.png 1939-1942

Aviation Detachment of the National Army
Destacamento de Aviación del Ejército Nacional

Transparent.png 1936-1939

National Air Transport Company, Aviation Arm
Compañía Nacional de Transporte Aérea, Arma de Aviación

Transparent.png 1934-1935

Aviation Company
Compañía de Aviación

Transparent.png 1933-1934

Aviation Arm of the National Army
Arma de Aviación del Ejército Nacional

Transparent.png 1932-1933
Transparent.png Dominican Republic Naval Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación Naval Dominicana
2003

Coastguard Search and Rescue Squadron
Escuadrón de Vigilancia y Rescate de Guardacostas

Transparent.png 1951-1952[33]

E[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Ecuador Ecuadorian Air Force roundel.svg Ecuadorian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Ecuatoriana (FAE)
1944

Ecuadorian Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea del Ejército Equatoriana (FAEE)

Transparent.png 1935-1944

Army Military Aviator Corps
Cuerpo de Aviadores Militares del Ejército

Transparent.png 1927-1935

Army Aviation Company
Compañia de Aviación del Ejército

Transparent.png 1925-1927

Military Aviation School
Escuela Militar de Aviación

Transparent.png 1920-1925
Ecuadorian Naval Aviation Roundel.svg Ecuadorian Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval Ecuatoriana (ANE)
1967
Ecuadorian Air Force roundel.svg Ecuadorian Army Aviation
Aviación del Ejército Ecuatoriano (AEE)
1978

Ecuadorian Army Air Service
Servicio Aéreo del Ejército (SAE)

Transparent.png 1954-1978
 Egypt Egyptian Air Force Roundel.svg Egyptian Air Force
Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya Il Misriya
1961

United Arab Republic Air Force

Roundel of the Syrian Air Force.svg 1958-1961[34]

Egyptian Air Force

Egyptian Air Force roundel (1945-1958).svg 1952-1958

Royal Egyptian Air Force

Royal Egyptian Air Force roundel (1939-1945).svg 1937-1952

Egyptian Army Air Force

Transparent.png 1931-1937
 El Salvador El Salvador Air Force roundel.svg Air Force of El Salvador
Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña (FAS)
1946

Salvadoran Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Ejército de Salvador (FAES)

Transparent.png 1927-1946

Salvadoran Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de la Aviación Salvadoreña

Transparent.png 1925-1927

Salvadoran Air Flotilla
Flotilla Aérea Salvadoreña

Transparent.png 1923-1925

El Salvador Military Aviation Service
Servicio de Aviación Militar de Salvador

Transparent.png 1922-1923
 Equatorial Guinea
(formerly Spanish Guinea)
Roundel Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea Air Force 1979
 Eritrea Eritrean Air Force roundel.svg Eritrean Air Force 1994
 Estonia Roundel of the Estonian Air Force.svg Estonian Air Force
Eesti Õhuvägi
1991

Luftwaffe units[35]

Balkenkreuz.svg 1943-1944

Sonderstaffel Buschmann[36]

Balkenkreuz.svg 1942-1943

Aircraft Squadron of the 22nd Territorial Corps of the Soviet Army

Transparent.png 1940-1941

Aviation Regiment

Roundel of the Estonian Air Force 1920.svg 1920?–1940

Aviation Company

Transparent.png 1918-1920?
Transparent.png Piirivalvelennusalk
Border Guard Flight Squadron
1993
 Ethiopia
(formerly Abyssinia)
Roundel ethiopia.svg Ethiopian Air Force
Ye Ithopya Ayer Hayl
1975[37]

Imperial Ethiopian Air Force

Roundel of Imperial Ethiopian Air Force (1946-74).svg 1946-1975

Imperial Ethiopian Aviation

Transparent.png 1929-1935

F[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Fiji Transparent.png none

Air Wing, Republic of Fiji Military Forces

Transparent.png 1987-1997
 Finland Finland roundel border.svg Finnish Air Force
Suomen ilmavoimat
Finländska flygvapnet
1918

 

Finland roundel WW2 border.svg 1918-1945

Roundel variant on some aircraft

Finland roundel WW2 variant.svg 1943-45
Finland roundel border.svg Finnish Army Aviation
Suomen maavoimat – Helikopteripataljoona
Finländska armén – Helikopterbataljonen
1997
Rajavartiolaitoksen logo.svg Finnish Border Guard
Rajavartiolaitos
Gränsbevakningsväsendet
1919

Finnish Coast Guard
Merivartiolaitos
Sjöbevakningssektionen

Transparent.png 1919-1944
 France French-roundel.svg French Air Force
Armée de l'Air
1933

Normandie-Niémen squadron
Groupe de Chasse Normandie-Niémen

Red star.svg 1942-1945

Free French Air Force[38][39]
Forces Aériennes Françaises Libres

Free French Air Forces Roundel svg.svg 1940-1943

Vichy French Air Force
Armée de l'air de l'armistice

Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg 1940-1944

French Air Force
Armée de l'Air

Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg 1933-1940

French Army Aviation
Aéronautique militaire

Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg 1909-1933

French Aerostatic Corps

Transparent.png 1794-1799
Roundel of the French Fleet Air Arm.svg French Naval Air Arm
Aéronautique navale
1912

Free French Naval Air Service
Aéronavale Francaise Libre

Transparent.png 1940-1945

French Naval Air Arm

Roundel of the French Fleet Air Arm before 1945.svg 1912-1940
French-roundel.svg French Army Light Aviation
Aviation Légère de l'Armée de Terre
1954
French-roundel.svg Air Gendarmerie
Gendarmerie de l'air
1943

G[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Gabon Roundel of the Gabon Air Force.svg Gabon Air Force
Armée de l'Air Gabonaise
1961
Transparent.png Gabon Army, Aviation
 Gambia
(formerly part of the Senegambia Confederation)
Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambian Air Force[40] c.2003?[41]
 Georgia Roundel of the Georgian Air Force.svg Georgian Air Force
საქართველოს სამხედრო-საჰაერო ძალები
sak’art’velos samxedro-sahaero dzalebi
1990

Democratic Republic of Georgia People's Guard air detachment

Transparent.png 1917-1920
 Germany Roundel of the German Air Force border.svg German Air Force
Luftwaffe
1955

East German Air Force
Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee

Emblem of aircraft of NVA (East Germany).svg 1956-1990

Volkspolizei-Luft (of the former East Germany)

Transparent.png 1950-1956

German Air Force
Luftwaffe

Balkenkreuz.svg 1935-1946

Marineluftschiffe-Abteilung

Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg 1912-1919

Die Marinefliegerabteilung des deutschen Kaiserreiches

Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg 1911-1919

Imperial German Army Air Service
Luftstreitkräfte (Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches)

Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg 1910-1919

Heeresluftschiffe-Abteilung

Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg 1909-1917
Transparent.png National Socialist Flyers Corps
Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps
1937-1945

German Air Sports Association
Deutscher Luftsportverband

Transparent.png 1933-1937
Roundel of the German Air Force border.svg German Naval Aviation
Marineflieger
1955

East German Navy, Naval Air Force

Emblem of aircraft of NVA (East Germany).svg -1990
Roundel of the German Air Force border.svg German Army Aviation Corps
Heeresfliegertruppe
1955
Transparent.png Bundesgrenzschutz
Federal Border Guards, Aviation Service
1954-2005
 Ghana
(formerly the Gold Coast)
Roundel Ghana.svg Ghana Air Force 1959
 Greece Hellenic Air Force Roundel.svg Hellenic Air Force
Πολεμική Αεροπορία
Polemikì Aeroporia
1911

Hellenic Army Air Service

Transparent.png 1912-1930

Hellenic Naval Air Service

Transparent.png 1915-1930
Hellenic Air Force Roundel.svg Hellenic Army Aviation
Αεροπορία Στρατού
Aeroporia Stratou
1947
Hellenic Air Force Roundel.svg Hellenic Navy Helicopter Command
Διοίκηση Ελικοπτέρων Ναυτικού
Dioikisi Elikopteron Naftikou
1975
Transparent.png Hellenic Coast Guard
Λιμενικό Σώμα
Limeniko Soma
1982
 Guatemala Roundel of the Guatemalan Air Force.svg Guatemalan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Guatemalteca (FAG)
1948

Military Aeronautical Corps
Cuerpo de Aeronáutica Militar (CAM)

Roundel of the Guatemalan Air Force 1939-1947.svg 1935–1948

Guatemalan Military Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación Militar de Guatemala (CAM)

Transparent.png 1929–1935

Guatemalan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Guatemalteca (FAG)

Transparent.png 1921–1929

Army Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación de Ejército

Transparent.png 1914–1921
 Guinea Roundel Guinea.svg Guinea Air Force
Force Aérienne de Guinée
1959
 Guinea-Bissau
(formerly Portuguese Guinea)
Roundel guinea bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau Air Force
Força Aérea da Guiné-Bissau
1978
 Guyana
(formerly British Guyana)
Roundel Guyana.svg Guyana Defence Force 1968

H[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Haiti Roundel of Haiti Air force 1989.svg Haiti Air Corps
Corps d'Aviation d'Garde d'Haiti
1942-1994
 Honduras Roundel of Honduras.svg Honduras Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Hondureña
1974

Honduran Air Force & Aviation Military School
Fuerza Aérea Hondureña y Escuela Militar de Aviación

Transparent.png 1938-1974

Aviation Military School
Escuela Militar de Aviación (EMA)

Transparent.png 1933-1938

National Aviation School
Escuela Nacional de Aviación (ENA)

Transparent.png 1931-1933
 Hungary Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force.svg Hungarian Air Force
Magyar Légierő
1991

 

Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force (1990-1991).svg 1990-1991

Air Force of the Hungarian People's Army
Magyar Néphadsereg légiereje

Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force (1951-1990).svg 1951-1990

 

Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force (1949-1951).svg 1949-1951

 

Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force (1948-1949).svg 1948-1949

Royal Hungarian National Defense Air Force
Magyar Királyi Honvéd Légierő

Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force (1942-1945).svg 1941-1945

 

Roundel of the Hungarian Air Force.svg 1938-1941
First Roundel of the Hungarian Red Air Force (1919).svg Red Hungarian Air Corps
Vörös Légjárócsapat
1919

Insignia variant

Roundel of the Hungarian Red Air Corps (second variant) border.svg

Insignia variant

Roundel of the Hungarian Red Air Corps (third variant).svg

I[edit]

For Ivory Coast, see Côte d'Ivoire above.

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Iceland Transparent.png Iceland Air Defense System
Íslenska Loftvarnarkerfið
1987
Flag of Iceland (state).svg Icelandic Coast Guard Aeronautical Division
Landhelgisgæsla Íslands – Flugdeild
1955
 India IAF-roundel.svg Indian Air Force
भारतीय वायु सेना
Bharatiya Vayu Sena
1950

Royal Indian Air Force

Ashoka Chakra.svg 1945-1950

Indian Air Force

RAF roundel.svg 1932-1945
IAF-roundel.svg Army Aviation Corps 1987
IAF-roundel.svg Naval Air Arm 1953
Transparent.png Indian Coast Guard Air Wing
Bharatiya Tatarakshak Dal
1978
BSF Emblem.svg Border Security Force Air Wing 1965
 Indonesia
(formerly the Dutch East Indies)
Roundel Indonesia Air Force.svg Indonesian Air Force
Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara (TNI-AU)
1946

Republic of Indonesia Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (AURI)

Roundel Indonesia Air Force.svg 1946-1974

Republic of Indonesia Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (AURI)

Roundel Indonesia 1946-1949.svg 1946-1949

Military Aviation of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army

Netherlands roundel WW2.svg 1939-1950
Roundel Indonesia naval aviation.svg Indonesian Naval Aviation
Dinas Penerbangan TNI Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL)
1974

Indonesian Naval Aviation Service
Dinas Penerbangan Angkatan Laut RI (ALRI)

Transparent.png 1956-1974
Roundel Indonesia army aviation.svg Indonesian Army Aviation
Dinas Penerbangan TNI Angkatan Darat (TNI-AD)
1974

Indonesian Army Aviation Service
Dinas Penerbangan Angkatan Darat RI (DINAS PENERBAD)

Transparent.png 1959-1974
 Iran
(formerly Persia)
Iran Air Force roundel.svg Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
نیروی هوایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران
1979

Imperial Iranian Air Force
Nirou Havai Shahanshahiye Iran

Transparent.png 1925-1979
Iran Air Force roundel.svg Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation
Iran Air Force roundel.svg Islamic Republic of Iran Navy Aviation
Iran Air Force roundel.svg Aerospace Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution
 Iraq Flag of Iraq.svg Iraqi Air Force[43]
Al Quwwa al-Jawwiya al-Iraqiya
1921

Iraqi Air Force
Al Quwwa al-Jawwiya al-Iraqiya

IQAF Symbol.svg 1958

Royal Iraqi Air Force

Transparent.png 1921–1947
Transparent.png Iraqi Army, Aviation
 Ireland Irish Air Corps roundel.svg Irish Air Corps
Aer-Chór na h-Éireann
1924

 

Irish Air Corps roundel 1939-1954.svg 1939-1954

Irish National Army, Air Service

Irish Air Corps roundel 1922-1923.svg 1922-1924
 Israel
(formerly the British Mandate of Palestine)
IAF roundel.svg Israeli Air Force
חיל האוויר
Heyl Ha'Avir
1948

Air Service (Haganah)
Sherut Avir

Transparent.png 1947-1948

Air Company (Palmach)
Palavir

Transparent.png 1943-1947
 Italy LV Italian Air Force roundel.svg Italian Air Force[44]
Aeronautica Militare
1946

Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force
Aviazione Cobelligerante ed Aeronautica Militare Italiana

Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg 1943-1946

Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana  ASDF.svg [45]

Aviazione Nazionale Repubblicana Air Force roundel.svg 1943-1944

Royal Italian Air Force
Regia Aeronautica Lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1929-1943).svg Italy-Royal-Airforce flank roundel.svg [46]

Italy-Royal-Airforce.svg 1935-1943

Royal Italian Air Force
Regia Aeronautica CoA House of Savoy crowned.svg [47]

Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg 1923-1936

Royal Naval Aviation
Aviazione della Regia Marina

Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg 1912-1923

Military Air Corps RA-emblem.png [48]
Corpo Aeronautico Militare

Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg 1911-1923

Royal Army Air Service
Servizio Aeronautico

Transparent.png 1884[49]-1911
Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg Italian Navy Naval Aviation
Aviazione Navale
1956
Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg Italian Army Aviation
Cavalleria dell'Aria
1951
Roundel of the Italian Air Force.svg Helicopter Service of the Carabinieri Corps
Nucleo Elicotteri Carabinieri
1965
Transparent.png Guardia di Finanza, Aviation 1955
Transparent.png Corps of the Port Captaincies - Coast Guard, Aviation 1985

J[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Jamaica Jamaican Defence Force roundel.svg Jamaican Defence Force 1963

Jamaica Air Squadron

Transparent.png 1963
 Japan Japan Air Self-Defense Force roundel.svg Japan Air Self-Defense Force[50]
航空自衛隊 Kōkū Jieitai
1954
Japan Air Self-Defense Force roundel.svg Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force aviation
海上自衛隊 Kaijō Jieitai

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service[51]
大日本帝国海軍航空隊 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun Kōkū tai

Japan Air Self-Defense Force roundel.svg 1912-1945
Japan Air Self-Defense Force roundel.svg Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 Rikujō Jieitai

Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
大日本帝国陸軍航空隊 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun Kōkū tai

Japan Air Self-Defense Force roundel.svg 1912-1945
 Jordan
(formerly Transjordan)
Roundel of the Royal Jordanian Air Force.svg Royal Jordanian Air Force
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya Almalakiya al-Urduniya
1955

Arab Legion Air Force

Transparent.png 1946-1955

K[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan AF roundel.svg Kazakhstan Air Defense Force
Sil Vozdushnoy Oborony Respubliki Kazakhstan
1992
 Kenya Roundel of the Kenyan Air Force.svg Kenya Air Force
Jeshi la Anga la Kenya
1964
 North Korea Roundel of the Korean Peoples Army Air Force.svg Korean People's Army Air Force 1948
 South Korea Roundel of the Republic of Korea Air Force.svg Republic of Korea Air Force[52]
대한민국 공군 (大韓民國空軍)
Daehan Minguk Gonggun
1949

 

ROKAF Roundel 1950s-2000s.svg 1950s–2000s
ROKAF Roundel 1950s-2000s.svg Republic of Korea Navy, aviation
ROKAF Roundel 1950s-2000s.svg Republic of Korea Army aviation 1965
 Kuwait Roundel of Kuwait.svg Kuwait Air Force
Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya
1988

Kuwait Air Force and Air Defense

Transparent.png 1961
 Kyrgyzstan Roundel of the Air Force of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan Air Force 1991

L[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Laos Flag of Laos.svg Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force[53] 1975

Royal Lao Air Force
Aviation Royale Laotienne[54][55]

Roundel of Royal Lao Air Force.svg 1960-1975

Aviation Laotienne

Transparent.png 1955-1960
 Latvia Latvia roundel.svg Latvian Air Force
Latvijas Gaisa Spēki
1991

Luftwaffen-Legion Lettland

Latin cross.png March–October 1944

 

Roundel of the Latvian Air Force until 1940 border.svg 1926-1940
Latvian National Guard Air Component Insignia.svg Latvian National Guard 1991

Guard organization
Aizsargu organizācija

Transparent.png 1919-1940
 Lebanon Roundel of the Lebanese Air Force.svg Lebanese Air Force
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Lubnania
1945
 Lesotho
(formerly Basutoland)
LesothoAir Force roundel.svg Lesotho Defence Force – Air Squadron c.1988
 Liberia Liberian Air Force Roundel.svg Liberian Army Air Wing 1987
 Libya Free Libyan Airforce Roudel.svg Libyan Air Force
Adwas Alibyan Ujenna
ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⴰⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰⵏ ⵓⵊⴻⵏⵏⴰ
القوة الجوية الليبية
Al-quwwa al-jawwiyya al-libyya
2011–current date
Free Libyan Airforce Roudel.svg Free Libyan Air Force
Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Libiyya al Hurra[citation needed]
2011

Libyan Arab Jamahiriyya Air Force

Roundel of Libya (1977-2011).svg 1977-2011

Libyan Arab Republic Air Force

Roundel of Libya (1969-1977).svg 1969-1977

Royal Libyan Air Force
Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Malakiya al Libiyya

Roundel of Libya (1959-1969).svg 1951-1969
Transparent.png Libyan National Army, Aviation
 Lithuania Lithuania roundel.svg Lithuanian Air Force
Karinės Oro Pajėgos
1992

 

Lithuanian Air force marking 1919-1920.svg 1919-1920
Transparent.png Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces, Aviation Unit 1992
 Luxembourg Roundel of Luxembourg.svg NATO Airborne Early Warning Force [56] 1982
Transparent.png Luxembourg Army, Aviation 1952-1968

M[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Macedonia Roundel of the Macedonian Air Force.svg Macedonian Air Force and Air Defense Force
Военно Воздухопловство и Противвоздушна Одбрана
Voeno Vozduhoplovstvo i Protivvozdushna Odbrana
1992
 Madagascar
(formerly the Malagasy Republic)
Roundel of the Malagasy Air Force.svg Malagasy Air Force
Tafika Anabakabaka Malagasy
Armée de l'Air Malgache
1961
 Malawi
(formerly Nyasaland)
Malawi-roundel2.svg Malawi Army Air Wing 1978

Malawi Young Pioneers Air Arm[57]

Transparent.png 1970-1978
 Malaysia
(formerly Malaya)
Roundel of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.svg Royal Malaysian Air Force
Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia
1963

 

Roundel of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 1963-1982.svg 1963-1982

Royal Malayan Air Force
Tentera Udara Diraja Persekutuan

Transparent.png 1958-1963

Malayan Auxiliary Air Force/RAF

Transparent.png 1950-1958

Malayan Volunteer Air Force/RAF

Transparent.png 1940-1950

Straits Settlement Volunteer Air Force

RAF roundel.svg
Transparent.png Royal Malaysian Navy, Fleet Air Arm
Transparent.png Malaysian Army Aviation
Pasukan Udara Tentera Darat
1994
 Maldives MNDF roundel.svg Air Elements
Maldives National Defence Force
1978
 Mali IMG Mali Roundel.svg Mali Air Force
Force Aérienne de la Republique du Mali
1961
 Malta Roundel of Malta.svg Air Wing of the Armed Forces of Malta
Skwadra tal-Ajru tal-Forzi Armati ta' Malta
1992
 Mauritania Roundel of the Mauritanian Air Force.svg Mauritanian Air Force
Force Aérienne de la Republique Islamique de Mauritanie
1961
 Mauritius IMG Mauritius Roundel.svg Mauritius Coast Guard 1987

Mauritius Police Force Marine Wing

Transparent.png 1970-1987
 Mexico Mexican Air Force roundel.svg Mexican Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Mexicana
1915
Mexican Naval Roundel.svg Mexican Naval Aviation
Fuerza Aeronaval
1926[58]
 Moldova Roundel of Moldovan Air Force.svg Moldovan Air Force[59] 1991
 Mongolia Soyombo red.svg Mongolian Air Defense Forces Command[60]
Агаарын Довтолгооноос Хамгаалах Цэргийн Командлал
1993-presents

Mongolian People's Army Aviation Монголын Ардын Армийн Нисэх Хүчин

Roundel of Mongolia (1949-1992).svg 1925-1993
 Montenegro Roundel of the Montenegran Air Force.svg Montenegrin Air Force
Vazdušne snage Crne Gore
2006
 Morocco Roundel of the Royal Moroccan Air Force.svg Royal Moroccan Air Force
Adwas Ageldan Amerrukan Ujenna
ⴰⴷⵡⴰⵙ ⴰⴳⴻⵍⴷⴰⵏ ⴰⵎⴻⵔⵔⵓⴽⴰⵏ ⵓⵊⴻⵏⵏⴰ
القوة الجوية الملكية المغربية
Al-quwwa al-jawwiya al-malikiyya al-maghribiyya
(Force Aérienne Royale Marocaine)
1961

Sherifan Royal Aviation
Aviation Royale Chérifienne

Transparent.png 1956-1961
Transparent.png Royal Moroccan Navy, Aviation
Transparent.png Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie 1962
 Mozambique Mozambique air force roundel.svg Mozambique Air Force
Força Aérea de Moçambique
c.1976/77?

People's Liberation Air Force of Mozambique
Força Populare Aérea de Libertação de Moçambique

Transparent.png 1975-c.1976/77?
 Myanmar
(formerly Burma)
Roundel of the Myanmar Air Force.svg Myanmar Air Force
Tatmdaw Lei
1947

N[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Namibia
(formerly South West Africa)
Namibie identification aéronefs.svg Namibian Air Force 2005

Namibia Defence Force Air Wing

Transparent.png 1994-2005
   Nepal Roundel of Nepal.svg Nepalese Army Air Service c.2008

Royal Nepal Army Air Wing

Transparent.png 1979-c.2007

Royal Nepal Army Air Service

Transparent.png 1965-1979
 Netherlands
(Holland)
Roundel of the Netherlands border.svg Royal Netherlands Air Force[61]
Koninklijke Luchtmacht
1953

 

Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1942-c.1945

 

Netherlands roundel WW2.svg 1939-1942

 

Roundel of the Netherlands border.svg 1921-1940

Luchtvaartafdeling

Roundel of the Netherlands WW1.svg 1914-1921
Transparent.png Netherlands Naval Aviation
Marineluchtvaartdienst
1917

 

Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1942-c.1945

 

Netherlands roundel WW2.svg 1939-1942

 

Roundel of the Netherlands border.svg 1921-1940

 

Roundel of the Netherlands WW1.svg 1917-1921
 New Zealand Rnzaf roundel.svg Royal New Zealand Air Force[62][63] 1934

New Zealand Squadrons of the RAF Nos. 75, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490

New Zealand roundel WW2.svg 1939-1945

New Zealand Territorial Air Force

RAF type A roundel.svg 1930-1957

New Zealand Permanent Air Force

RAF type A roundel.svg 1923-1934

New Zealand Army Flying Corps

RAF type A roundel.svg 1913-1923
 Nicaragua Fasroundel.svg Nicaraguan Army Air Force
Fuerza Aérea – Ejército de Nicaragua
1995

Nicaraguan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Nicaraguënse

Fasroundel.svg 1990-1995

Sandinista Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Sandinista

Fasroundel.svg 1979-1990

Air Force of Nicaragua
Fuerza Aérea de Nicaragua

Nic-afroundel.svg c.1950–1979

Guard Air Force of Nicaragua
Fuerza Aérea Guardia de Nicaragua

Transparent.png c.1947-c.1950

Air Force of the National Guard
Fuerza Aérea de la Guardia Nacional

Transparent.png 1938-c.1947

Air Corps of the National Guard
Cuerpo de Aviación de la Guardia Nacional

Transparent.png 1936-1938

Military Aviation Corps
Cuerpo Militar de Aviación

Transparent.png 1926-1936

National Guard
Guardia Nacional

Transparent.png =1920-1926
 Niger Roundel of the Niger Air Force.svg National Squadron of Niger
Escadrille Nationale du Niger
2003

Niger Air Force
Force Aérienne du Niger

Roundel of the Niger Air Force.svg 1961-2003?
 Nigeria Roundel of the Nigerian Air Force.svg Nigerian Air Force 1964
Transparent.png Nigerian Navy, Air Arm 1985
 Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force Roundel.svg Royal Norwegian Air Force
Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret
1944

Royal Air Force squadrons 331 and 332

RAF roundel.svg 1942-1945

Norwegian Army Air Service
Hærens Flyvevesen

Norwegian Army Air Service WW2.svg 1915-1944

Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service
Marinens Flyvevesen

Transparent.png 1916-1944

O[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Oman
(formerly Muscat and Oman)
Fin Flash of Oman.svg Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO)[64]
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanya al-Omanya
1990

Sultan of Oman's Air Force (SOAF)

Roundel of the Royal Air Force of Oman.svg 1959-1990

P[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Pakistan Roundel of the Pakistani Air Force.svg Pakistan Air Force
پاک فضائيہ
1956

Royal Pakistan Air Force

Transparent.png 1947-1956
Roundel of the Pakistani Air Force.svg Pakistan Army Aviation Corps 1958
Roundel of the Pakistani Air Force.svg Pakistan Naval Air Arm 1973
Transparent.png Pakistan Coast Guard, Aviation Service
Transparent.png Maritime Security Agency, Aviation Service
Transparent.png Pakistan Rangers, Aviation Service
 Panama Roundel of the Panamanian Air Force.svg National Air-Sea Service
Servicio Nacional Aeronaval
2008
 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea roundel.svg Air Operations Element of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force 1974
 Paraguay Roundel of Paraguay.svg Paraguayan Air Force
Aeronautica Militar Paraguaya
1989
Transparent.png Paraguayan Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval Paraguaya[65][66]
1980
 Peru Roundel of the Peruvian Air Force.svg Peruvian Air Force
Fuerza Aérea del Perú
1950

Peruvian Aeronautical Corps
Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú

Transparent.png 1936-1950

Peruvian Aviation Corps
Cuerpo de Aviación del Perú

Transparent.png 1929-1936
Transparent.png Peruvian Naval Aviation
Fuerza Aviación Naval
1980

Aeronaval Service
Servicio Aeronaval

Transparent.png 1963-1980
Transparent.png Peruvian Army, Aviation
Aviación del Ejército
1977

Army Light Aviation Group
Grupo de Aviación Ligera del Ejército

Transparent.png 1973-1977
Transparent.png Peruvian Coast Guard, Aviation
 Philippines Roundel of the Philippines Air Force.svg Philippine Air Force
Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas
1947

Philippine Army Air Corps

Roundel of the Philippines Air Force.svg 1935-1947
Transparent.png Philippine Navy, Naval Air Group 1975
Transparent.png Philippine Army, Air Battalion 1980
Transparent.png Philippine Constabulary, Air Unit -1991
Transparent.png Philippine Coast Guard, Aviation
 Poland Roundel of Poland.svg Polish Air Force
Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
2004

Air and Air Defence Forces
Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Powietrznej

Roundel of Poland.svg 1993-2004

 

Roundel of Poland (until 1993).svg 1990-1993

Air Force
Wojska Lotnicze

Roundel of Poland (until 1993).svg 1962-1990

Air Defence Force of Country
Wojska Obrony Powietrznej Kraju

Roundel of Poland (until 1993).svg 1962-1990

Air and Air Defence Forces of Country
Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Przeciwlotniczej Obszaru Kraju

Roundel of Poland (until 1993).svg 1954-1962

Air Force
Wojska Lotnicze

Roundel of Poland (until 1993).svg 1947-1954

Air Force of the Polish Army
Lotnictwo Wojska Polskiego

Roundel of Poland (until 1993).svg 1945-1947

Air Force of the Polish Army
Lotnictwo Wojska Polskiego

Red star.svg 1943-1945

RAF squadrons 300–309, 315–318 and 663

RAF roundel.svg 1940-1947

Forces Aerienes Polonaises

Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg 1940

Air Force
Wojska Lotnicze

Roundel of the Polish Air Force before 1921.svg 1918-1939
Roundel of Poland.svg Polish Army Aviation
Lotnictwo Wojsk Lądowych
1994
Roundel of Poland.svg Polish Naval Aviation
Lotnictwo Marynarki Wojennej
1947
Polish Border Guard roundel.svg Aviation of Polish Border Guard
Lotnictwo Straży Granicznej
1990
 Portugal Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg Portuguese Air Force
Força Aérea Portuguesa
1952

Military Aeronautics Arm
Arma da Aeronáutica Militar

Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg 1924-1952

 

Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg 1918-1924

Military Aeronautical Service
Serviço Aeronáutico Militar

Portuguese WW1 roundel.svg 1914-1918

Balloon Company
Companhia de Aerosteiros

Portuguese WW1 roundel.svg 1911-1914
Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg Navy Helicopter Squadron
Esquadrilha de Helicópteros da Marinha
1993

Aeronaval Forces
Forças Aeronavais

Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg 1952-1957

Navy Air Forces
Forças Aéreas da Armada

Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg 1931-1952

Naval Aeronautics Service
Serviço da Aeronáutica Naval

Portuguese Air Force roundel.svg 1918-1931

Navy Aviation Service
Serviço de Aviação da Armada

Portuguese WW1 roundel.svg 1917-1918
Transparent.png Portuguese Army Light Aviation Unit
Unidade de Aviacão Ligeira do Exército
2000

Q[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Qatar Roundel of Qatar.svg Qatar Emiri Air Force 1974

Qatar Public Security Forces Air Wing

Transparent.png 1968-1974

R[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Romania Roundel of the Romanian Air Force.svg Romanian Air Force
Forţele Aeriene Române
1989

 

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force.svg 1985-1989

Air Force of the Socialist Republic of Romania
Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Socialiste România

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force (1947-1985).svg 1965-1985

Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Populare Române

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force (1947-1985).svg 1964-1965

Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Populare Romîne

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force (1947-1985).svg 1954-1964

Air Force of the People's Republic of Romania
Forţele Aeriene ale Republicii Populare Române

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force (1947-1985).svg 1947-1954

 

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force.svg 1944-1947

Royal Romanian Air Force
Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force, 1941-1944.svg 1941-1944

Romanian Royal Aeronautics
Aeronautica Regală Română

Roundel of the Romanian Air Force.svg 1915-1941
Roundel of the Romanian Air Force.svg Romanian Naval Forces, Aviation 2008
 Russia Russian Air Force roundel.svg Russian Air Force[67]
Военно-воздушные cилы России
Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily Rossii
2010

 

URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg 1991-2010

Soviet Air Forces
Военно-воздушные силы
Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily

URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg 1945-1991

 

Red star.svg 1918–1945

Imperial Russian Air Force
Императорский военно-воздушный флот
Pre-reform Russian:Императорскiй военно-воздушный флотъ

Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg 1910-1917
URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg Soviet Air Defence Forces 1948-1991
Russian Air Force roundel.svg Russian Naval Aviation
Авиация Военно-Морского Флота
Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskogo Flota
2010

 

URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg 1991-2010

Soviet Naval Aviation

URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg 1945-1991

 

Red star.svg 1918–1945
Russian Air Force roundel.svg Russian Army Aviation 1992-2010s

Soviet Army Aviation

URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg 1970s-1991
 Rwanda Roundel Rwanda.svg Rwandan Air Force
Force Aérienne Rwandaise
1972

S[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Saudi Arabia Roundel of the Royal Saudi Air Force.svg Royal Saudi Air Force
القوات الجوية الملكية السعودية
Al-Quwwāt al-Jawwiyyah al-Malakiyyah as-Suʿūdiyyah
1950
Transparent.png Royal Saudi Navy, Naval Aviation
Transparent.png Saudi Arabian Army, Aviation
 Senegal
(formerly part of the Senegambia Confederation)
Roundel of the Senegalese Air Force.svg Senegalese Air Force
Armée de l'Air du Sénégal
1989

Senegambia Air Force

Transparent.png 1982-1989

Senegalese Air Force

Roundel of the Senegalese Air Force.svg 1960-1982
 Serbia Roundel of the Serbian Air Force 2006.svg Serbian Air Force
Ваздухопловство
Vazduhoplovstvo
2006[68]


Српска Авијатика
Srpska Avijatika

Roundel of the Serbian Air Force 1915.svg 1915-1918[69]

 

Roundel of the Serbian Air Force 1912.svg 1913-1915


Ваздухопловна Команда
Vazduhoplovna Komanda

Roundel of the Serbian Air Force 1912.svg 1912-1913
 Seychelles Seychelles Coast Guard Aviation Insigna.svg Seychelles Air Force (part of the Seychelles People's Defence Force)

Seychelles Defence Force Air Wing

Transparent.png 1978
 Sierra Leone Roundel of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone Defence Force 1973
 Singapore RSAF Roundel (1990–present).svg Republic of Singapore Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura
新加坡空军部队
சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகாயப்படை
1975

Singapore Air Defence Command

RSAF Roundel 1973-1990.svg 1973-1975

 

RSAF Roundel 1968-1973.svg 1968-73
 Slovakia Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg Slovak Air Force
Velitelstvo Vzdušnych Sil
1993

Slovak Air Force
Slovenske Vzdusne Zbrane

Slovak roundel WW2.svg 1939-1945
Transparent.png Slovak Insurgent Air Force
Slovenske Povstalecke Letectvo
August–October 1944
 Slovenia Roundel of the Slovenian Air Force.svg Slovenian Air Force
Brigada zračne Obrambe in Letalstva Slovenske Vojske
2004

15th Aviation Brigade (Slovenian Armed Forces)

Roundel of the Slovenian Air Force.svg 1995-2004

15th Aviation Brigade of the Territorial Defense Force

Sign of Slovenian Army.svg 1991-1995

Slovenian Air Force upon the break-away from the Habsburg Empire

Roundel of the Slovenian Air Force.svg 1918-1919
 Somalia Transparent.png none

Somali Air Force[70]

Roundel of the Somali Air Corps.svg 1960-1991

Somali Aeronautical Corps
Ciidamada Cirka Soomaaliyeed
Corpo di Sicurezza della Somalia

Roundel of the Somali Air Corps.svg 1958-1968
 South Africa Roundel of South African Air Force.svg South African Air Force (SAAF)
Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag
1920

 

Roundel of South Africa 1982-2003.svg 1982-2003

 

Roundel of South Africa 1958-1981.svg 1958-1981

 

Roundel of South Africa 1947-1958.svg 1947-1957

South African Air Force

Roundel of South Africa 1927-1947.svg 1924-1947

No. 26 Squadron (South African) RFC

RAF roundel.svg 1915-1918

South African Aviation Corps

South African Air Force roundel early 1920.svg 1915-1920
 South Sudan Transparent.png South Sudan Air Force 2011
 Spain Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg Spanish Air Force (SPAF)
Ejército del Aire
1939

Nationalist Air Force[71]
Aviación Nacional

Nationalist air force black roundel.svg 1936-1939

"   

Spanish Civil War nationalist roundel.svg 1937-1939

Spanish Republican Air Force
Fuerzas Aéreas de la República Española (FARE)

Roundel of the Spanish Republican Air Force.svg 1931-1939

Military Aviation
Aeronáutica Militar Española

Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg 1911-1931

Military Aerostatics Service
Servicio Militar de Aerostacion

Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg 1896-1911
Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg Spanish Army Airmobile Force
Fuerzas Aeromóviles del Ejército de Tierra (FAMET)
1973

Army Light Air Force
Aviacion Ligera del Ejercito de Tierra

Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg 1965-1973
Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg Spanish Navy Air Arm
Arma Aérea de la Armada
1954

Naval Aviation
Aeronáutica Naval

Roundel of the Spanish Air Force.svg 1917-1936
Transparent.png Civil Guard (Spain), Aviation Service 1973
 Sri Lanka
(formerly Ceylon)
Sri Lankan Air Force roundel.svg Sri Lanka Air Force
Sri Lanka Guwan Hamudawa
1972

Royal Ceylon Air Force

Roundel of Sri Lanka 1951-2010.svg 1951-1972
 Sudan
(formerly the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan)
Roundel of the Sudanese Air Force.svg Sudanese Air Force
القوّات الجوّيّة السودانيّة
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya
1956
 Suriname
(formerly Dutch Guyana)
Roundel of the Suriname Air Force.svg Suriname Air Force
Surinaamse Luchtmacht
1982
 Swaziland Transparent.png Swazi Air Force 1979
 Sweden Flygvapnet roundel.svg Swedish Air Force
Svenska Flygvapnet
1926

 

Flygvapnet roundel 1937.svg 1937-1940

Swedish Air Force
Svenska Flygvapnet

Flygvapnet roundel 1927.svg 1927-1937

Defence Helicopter Wing[72]
Försvarsmaktens Helikopterflottilj

Transparent.png 1998-2003

Swedish Army Aviation
Arméflyget

Flygvapnet roundel.svg 1954-1998

Aircraft Coy of the Signal Corps
Flygkompaniet

Flygvapnet roundel 1915 -1927.svg 1912-1926

Swedish Naval Aviation
Marinflyget

Flygvapnet roundel.svg 1958-1998

Naval Air Service
Marinens Flygväsen

Flygvapnet roundel.svg 1911-1926
  Switzerland Swiss roundel.svg Swiss Air Force
Schweizer Luftwaffe
Forces Aériennes Suisses
Forze Aeree Svizzere
1946

Independent service under the Swiss Federal Military Department
Schweizerische Flugwaffe

Flag of Switzerland.svg 1936-1946

Swiss Army Aviation
Schweizerische Fliegertruppe

Flag of Switzerland.svg 1914-1936
 Syria Roundel of the Syrian Air Force.svg Syrian Arab Air Force
القوات الجوية العربية السورية
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya
1961

United Arab Republic Air Force

Roundel of the Syrian Air Force.svg 1958-1961[34]

Syrian Air Force

Roundel of the Syrian Air Force (1940s to 1950s).svg 1948-1958

T[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Taiwan (ROC) Republic of China National Emblem.svg Republic of China Air Force
中華民國空軍
Chung-Hua Min-Kuo K'ung-Chün
1938

Nationalist Chinese Air Force (Central Government)[73]

Roundel of the Republic of China Air force.svg 1925-1938

Chinese Aviation Ministry

Chinese Air Force Roundel 1920-1921.svg 1920-1925?

Chinese Aviation Service

Chinese Roundel 1916-1920.svg 1916?–1919?

Chinese Army Air Arm

Transparent.png 1914-1916?

Airplane Corps of the Chinese Army

Transparent.png 1913-1914
Transparent.png Republic of China Army Aviation and Special Forces Command 1999

Army Paratroops and Special Forces Command

Transparent.png 1979-1999

Army Aviation Command[74]

Transparent.png 1976-1979
Transparent.png Republic of China Naval Aviation Command 1995

Naval Anti-Submarine Group

Transparent.png 1991-1995

Fleet Helicopter Squadron

Transparent.png 1977-1991

Chinese Naval Air Service

Transparent.png 1927-1938
 Tajikistan Tajikistan roundel.svg Tajik Air Force 2006[75]
 Tanzania
(formerly Tanganyika)
Roundel of the Tanzanian Air Force.svg Tanzanian People's Defense Force Air Wing
Jeshi la Anga la Wananchi wa Tanzania
1965
 Thailand
(formerly Siam)
Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg Royal Thai Air Force
กองทัพอากาศไทย
Kongthap Akat Thai
1937

Former marking

Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg 1942-1945[76]

Royal Siamese Air Force Division
กรมทหารอากาศ
Krom Tahan Akat

Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg 1935-1937

Royal Siamese Air Division
กรมอากาศยาน
Krom Akatsayan

Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg 1921-1935

Siamese Army Aviation Division
กรมอากาศยานทหารบก
Krom Akatsayan Tahan Bok

Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg 1917-1921

Siamese Army Aviation Unit
กองบินทหารบก
Kong Bin Tahan Bok

Flag of Thailand 1855.svg 1914-1917
Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg Royal Thai Army Air Division
กองบินทหารบกไทย
Kong Bin Tahan Bok Thai
1977
Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg Royal Thai Naval Air Division
กองการบินทหารเรือไทย
Kongkanbin Tahan Ruea Thai
1921
Roundel of the Royal Thai Air Force.svg Border Patrol Police
ตำรวจตระเวนชายแดน
Tamrod Traven Chaidan
1951
 Tonga Transparent.png Tonga Defence Services 1939
 Togo Roundel of the Togolese Air Force.svg Togolese Air Force
Force Aérienne Togolaise
1964[77]
 Trinidad and Tobago Trinadad and Tabago air wing roundel.svg Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force Air Guard 1966
 Tunisia Roundel of the Tunisian Air Force.svg Tunisian Air Force
القوات الجوية التونسية
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya At'Tunisia
1959[78]
 Turkey TAF Roundel.svg Turkish Air Force
Türk Hava Kuvvetleri
1972

former marking

Roundel of the Turkish Air Force 1918-72.svg 1944-1972

Turkish Ministry of Defense,
Undersecretariat of Military Aviation
Hava Müsteşarlığı

Roundel of the Turkish Air Force 1918-72.svg 1928-1944

Turkish Air Force Inspectorate
Hava Kuvvetleri Müfettişliği

Roundel of the Turkish Air Force 1918-72.svg 1922-1928

Turkish Air Force General Directorate
Kuva-yı Havaiye Müdüriyet-i Umumiyesi

Roundel of the Turkish Air Force 1918-72.svg 1921-1922

Turkish Army Air Service
Kuva-yı Havaiye Şubesi

Roundel of the Turkish Air Force 1918-72.svg 1920-1921
TAF Roundel.svg Land Forces Aviation Command
Kara Kuvvetleri Havacılık Komutanlığı
1948
TAF Roundel.svg Naval Forces Aviation Command
Deniz Kuvvetleri Havacılık Komutanlığı
1971
TAF Roundel.svg Coast Guard Aviation Command
Sahil Güvenlik Havacılık Komutanlığı
1993
TAF Roundel.svg Gendarmerie Aviation Command
Jandarma Havacılık Komutanlığı
1968
 Turkmenistan Roundel of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan Air Force and Air Defense Force 1992

U[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Uganda Roundel of the Ugandan Air Force.svg Ugandan Air Force 1964
 Ukraine Roundel of the Ukrainian Air Force.svg Ukrainian Air Force
Військово-Повітряні Сили України Viys'kovo-Povitriani Syly Ukrayiny
1992
Roundel of the Ukrainian Naval Aviation.svg Ukrainian Naval Aviation
Авіація Військово-Морських Сил Aviatsiya Viys'kovo-Mors'kykh Syl
1992
Transparent.png Ukrainian Ground Forces, Aviation 1992
Transparent.png National Guard of Ukraine, Aviation 2014
 United Arab Emirates
(formerly the Trucial States)
Arab Emirates AF roundel.svg United Arab Emirates Air Force[79] 1976[80]
Transparent.png United Arab Emirates Navy, Aviation
 United Kingdom RAF roundel.svg Royal Air Force 1918

 

RAF Type C1 Roundel.svg 1942-1947

 

RAF Type A1 Roundel.svg 1937-1942

Royal Air Force

RAF type A roundel.svg 1918-1937

 

RAF type A roundel.svg 1915-1918

Royal Flying Corps

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1912-1915

Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers

Transparent.png 1911-1912

School of Ballooning

Transparent.png 1888-1911
RAF roundel.svg Fleet Air Arm 1937

 

RAF Type C1 Roundel.svg 1942-1947

 

RAF Type A1 Roundel.svg 1937-1942

Fleet Air Arm of the RAF

RAF roundel.svg 1924-1937

Royal Naval Air Service

RAF type A roundel.svg 1914-1918

Naval Wing of the Royal Flying Corps

RNAS roundels 1914-1915.svg 1912-1914
RAF roundel.svg Army Air Corps[82] 1942

 

RAF Type C1 Roundel.svg 1942-1947
RAF roundel.svg 3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron of the Royal Marines 1968-1995
 United States Roundel of the USAF.svg United States Air Force[83] 1947

 

Roundel of the USAF.svg 1947–

United States Army Air Forces

US roundel 1943-1947.svg 1941-1947

 

USAAF roundel 1943.svg 1943

 

US roundel 1942-1943.svg 1942-1943

 

USAAC Roundel 1919-1941.svg 1941-1942

United States Army Air Corps

USAAC Roundel 1919-1941.svg 1926-1941

United States Army Air Service

US Army Air Roundel.svg 1918-1926

Division of Military Aeronautics

Transparent.png 20–24 May 1918

Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps

Transparent.png 1914-1918

Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps

Transparent.png 1907-1914

Union Army Balloon Corps

Transparent.png 1861-1863
Roundel of the USAF.svg Army Aviation Branch 1983

Army Aviation

Roundel of the USAF.svg 1947-1983
Roundel of the USAF.svg United States Navy 1911

 

Roundel of the USAF.svg 1947–

 

US roundel 1943-1947.svg 1943-1947

 

USAAF roundel 1943.svg 1943

 

US roundel 1942-1943.svg 1942-1943

 

USAAC Roundel 1919-1941.svg 1919-1942

 

US Army Air Roundel.svg 1918-1919

 

USAAC Roundel 1919-1941.svg 1917-1918

Naval Flying Corps

US Navy Anchor Insignia.svg 1916-1917
Roundel of the USAF.svg United States Marine Corps Aviation[84] 1912
Roundel of the USAF.svg Air National Guard 1947

component of the United States National Guard

Transparent.png 1916-1947
Transparent.png United States Coast Guard 1916
NASA logo.svg NASA 1958

NACA

US-NACA-Logo.svg 1915-1958
US CAP Roundel WWII.svg Civil Air Patrol 1942-1946[85]
 Uruguay Roundel of Uruguay.svg Uruguayan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya
1953

Military Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Militar

Transparent.png 1952-1953

Uruguayan Military Aviation
Aeronáutica Militar Uruguaya

Transparent.png 1935-1952

Military School of Aeronautics
Escuela Militar de Aeronáutica

Transparent.png 1916-1935

Military Aviation School
Escuela de Aviación Militar

Transparent.png 1913-1916
Roundel of Uruguay.svg Uruguayan Naval Aviation
Aviación Naval Uruguaya
1951

Naval Air Service
Servicio Aeronáutico

Transparent.png 1925-1951
 Uzbekistan Roundel Air Force of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan Air and Air Defence Forces 1992

V[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Venezuela Roundel of Venezuela.svg Venezuelan Air Force
Aviación Militar Venezolana
2006[86]

Venezuelan Air Force
Fuerza Aérea Venezolana

Transparent.png 1949-2006

Venezuelan Military Air Service

Transparent.png 1920-1936

Military Aviation Regiment
Regimiento de Aviacion

Transparent.png 1936-1949
Roundel of Venezuela.svg Venezuelan Army Aviation
Servicio Aéreo del Ejército Venezolana
1970
Roundel of Venezuela.svg Venezuelan Naval Aviation
Aviación de la Marina Venezolana
1974

Naval Aviation Centre

Transparent.png 1922
Roundel of Venezuela.svg National Guard of Venezuela
Comando de Apoyo Aéreo de Guardia Nacional
1999
 Vietnam Roundel of the Vietnamese Air Force.svg Vietnam People's Air Force
Không Quân Nhân Dân Việt Nam
1975

North Vietnam Democratic Republic Air Force

Roundel of the Vietnamese Air Force.svg 1955-1975

South Vietnam Air Force
Không lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa

Vietnam Air Force (south) roundel.svg 1955-1975

Cochin China Air Force

Transparent.png 1941-1945
Transparent.png Vietnam People's Navy, Aviation
Transparent.png Vietnam Coast Guard, Aviation

Y[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Yemen Roundel yemen.svg Yemen Air Force
Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Yemeniya
1990

North Yemen Air Force

Roundel of the North Yemen Air Force.svg 1962-1990

South Yemen Air Force

South Yemen Roundel.svg 1967-1990

Z[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Zambia
(formerly Northern Rhodesia)
Roundel of Zambia.svg Zambian Air Force and Air Defence Command 1968

Zambia Air Wing

Transparent.png 1964-1968

Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland Air Force

Federation-roundel.gif 1954-1963
 Zimbabwe
(formerly Southern Rhodesia)
Roundel zimbabwe.svg Air Force of Zimbabwe 1980

Zimbabwe-Rhodesian Air Force

Roundel of the Rhodesian Air Force.svg 1979-1980

Rhodesian Air Force

Roundel of the Rhodesian Air Force.svg 1970-1979

Royal Rhodesian Air Force

Rhodpostfed-roundel.gif 1963-1970

Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland Air Force

Federation-roundel.gif 1954-1963

Southern Rhodesian Air Force

Srafroundel.gif 1939-1954

Rhodesian Regiment Air Unit

RAF roundel.svg 1935-1939

Former countries and movements[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Abu Dhabi Transparent.png Abu Dhabi Air Force 1972-1976

Abu Dhabi Defence Forces, Air Wing

Transparent.png 1968-1972
 Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary Air force 1914-1916.svg Austro-Hungarian Air Corps
Kaiserliche und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen
Császári és Királyi Légierő
1912-1919

Imperial and Royal Aviation Service
KuK. Militär-Aeronautische Anstalt

Transparent.png 1893-1912
Transparent.png Austro-Hungarian Navy, Naval Air Arm 1916-1918
 Biafra Roundel of the Biafran Air Force.svg Biafran Air Force 1967-1970
 Bophuthatswana Transparent.png Bophuthatswana Air Force 1987–1994

Bophuthatswana Defence Force, Air Wing

Transparent.png 1981-1987
 Central African Empire Roundel central african republic.svg Central African Empire Air Force 1976-1979

Central African Republic Air Force

Roundel central african republic.svg 1961-1976
 Ciskei Transparent.png Ciskei Defence Force, Air Wing 1980–1994
 Czechoslovakia /
Czech Republic Czechoslovak Socialist Republic /
Czech Republic Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
Czech roundel.svg Czech and Slovakian Air Force 1990-1993

Czechoslovak Air Force[87]
Československé Vojenské Letectvo

Czech roundel.svg 1945-1990

Czechoslovak Army Air Force
Československé Letectvo

Transparent.png 1918-1939
 Dahomey Transparent.png Dahomey Air Force
Force Aérienne de Dahomey
1961–1975
 Dubai Transparent.png Dubai Police Air Wing 1973-1976

Union Defence Force, Air Wing

Transparent.png 1971–1973
 East Germany Emblem of aircraft of NVA (East Germany).svg Air Forces of the National People's Army
Luftstreitkräfte und Luftverteidigung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik
1956-1990

Volkspolizei-Luft

Transparent.png 1950-1956
Emblem of aircraft of NVA (East Germany).svg Volksmarine, Naval Air Force -1990
Kingdom of Hejaz /
Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz
Transparent.png Hejaz Air Force 1920s-1930s

Hejaz Flying Corps

Transparent.png 1920s
 Khmer Republic /
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia (1975-76) /
Cambodia Democratic Kampuchea /
Cambodia People's Republic of Kampuchea
Roundel of Cambodia 1989.svg Cambodian People's Air Force 1989-1993

Kampuchean People's Air Force

Roundel of Cambodia 1979.svg 1979-1989

Air Force of the Kampuchean liberation Army

Roundel of Cambodia 1975.svg 1977-1979

Khmer National Air Force

Roundel of Cambodia 1970.svg 1970-1975
 Katanga Roundel of the Kantangan Air Force.svg Katangan Air Force
Force Aerienne Katangaise
1960–1963
 Straits Settlements /
Malaysia Federated Malay States /
Unfederated Malay States /
Malaysia Malayan Union /
 Malaya
Transparent.png Royal Malayan Air Force 1958-1963

Malayan Auxiliary Air Force/RAF

Transparent.png 1950–1958

Malayan Volunteer Air Force/RAF

Transparent.png 1940-1950

Straits Settlements Volunteer Air Force/RAF

RAF roundel.svg
 Manchukuo Manchukuo Air Force Roundel.svg Manchukuo Air Force 1938-1945
Manchukuo Air Transport Company Roundel.svg Manchukuo Air Transport Company[88]
Manchu Kokuyuso Kabushiki Kaisha
1932-1945
Netherlands Dutch East Indies Netherlands roundel WW2.svg Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force 1939-1950
Yemen Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen/
 North Yemen
Roundel of the North Yemen Air Force.svg Yemen Arab Republic Air Force 1962-1990
 North Vietnam Roundel of the Vietnamese Air Force.svg North Vietnam Democratic Republic Air Force 1955-1975
 Ottoman Empire Roundel otto.JPG Ottoman Aviation Inspectorate
Kuva-yı Havaiye Müfettişliği
1918-1920

Ottoman Aviation Affairs Inspectorate
Umur-u Havaiye Müfettişliği

Transparent.png 1915-1918

Ottoman Aviation Organization Inspectorate
Teşkilat-ı Havaiye Müfettişliği

Transparent.png 1914-1915

Ottoman Aviation Commission
Havacılık Komisyonu

Transparent.png 1911-1914
Transparent.png Ottoman Naval Aviation Academy and Service
Bahriye Tayyare Mektebi ve Havacılık Şubesi
1914-1919
 Southern Rhodesia /
 Rhodesia and Nyasaland /
Rhodesia Rhodesia /
 Zimbabwe Rhodesia
Roundel of the Rhodesian Air Force.svg Zimbabwe-Rhodesian Air Force 1979-1980

Rhodesian Air Force

Roundel of the Rhodesian Air Force.svg 1970-1979

Royal Rhodesian Air Force

Rhodpostfed-roundel.gif 1963-1970

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Air Force

RRAF roundel.svg 1954-1963

Southern Rhodesian Air Force

Flag of the Southern Rhodesian Air Force (1947 to 1953).svg 1939-1954

Rhodesian Regiment Air Unit

RAF roundel.svg 1935-1939
SenegalThe Gambia Senegambia Confederation Transparent.png Senegambia Air Force 1982-1989
 Republika Srpska
Roundels of Republika Srpska v2.svg Republika Srpska Air Force
1 Puk Vazduhoplovstva i protivvazdušna odbrana Vojske Republike Srpske
1992-2006
 Republic of Serbian Krajina
Transparent.png Krajina Air Force
RV i PVO Vojske Republike Srpske Krajine
1991-1995
 Sharjah Transparent.png Sharjah Amir Guard, Air Wing[citation needed]
South Vietnam State of Vietnam /
 South Vietnam
Vietnam Air Force (south) roundel.svg Vietnam Air Force
Khong Quan Viet Nam
1955-1975

Vietnam National Army, Air Force

Transparent.png 1951-1955
Federation of South Arabia Federation of South Arabia /
 South Yemen
South Yemen Roundel.svg South Yemen Air Force 1967-1990

Federation of South Arabia Air Force

South Arabian Air Force Roundel.svg 1967
Russia Russian Empire /
Russia Russian Republic /
 Russian SFSR /
 Soviet Union
URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg Soviet Air Force[89]
Военно-воздушные силы
1930-1991

 

URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg 1945-1991[90]

 

Red star.svg 1930-1945

Workers' and Peasants' Air Fleet
Рабоче-крестьянский воздушный флот

Red star.svg 1918-1930

Imperial Russian Air Force

Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg 1910-1917
URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg Soviet Air Defence Force 1948-1991
URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg Soviet Naval Aviation 1945-1991
URSS-Russian aviation red star.svg Soviet Army Aviation 1970s-1991
Tamil Eelam (Liberation Tigers of) Transparent.png Air Tigers 1998-2009
 Transkei Transparent.png Transkei Defence Force, Air Wing 1986–1994
 United Arab Republic Roundel of the Syrian Air Force.svg United Arab Republic Air Force 1958-1961

Egyptian Air Force

Egyptian Air Force roundel (1945-1958).svg 1952-1958

Syrian Air Force

Roundel of the Syrian Air Force (1940s to 1950s).svg 1948-1958
 Upper Volta
(now Burkina Faso)
Transparent.png Upper Volta Air Force 1964–1984
 Venda Transparent.png Venda Defence Force, Air Wing 1983–1994
 West Germany Roundel of the German Air Force border.svg German Air Force
Luftwaffe
1955
Roundel of the German Air Force border.svg German Naval Aviation
Marineflieger
1955
Roundel of the German Air Force border.svg German Army Aviation Corps
Heeresfliegertruppe
1955
Transparent.png Bundesgrenzschutz
Federal Border Guards, Aviation Service
1954=2005
Kingdom of Yugoslavia State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs /
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia /
 SFR Yugoslavia /
 FR Yugoslavia
Roundel of Yugoslavia 1992-2003.svg Serbia and Montenegro Air Force
Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана Војске Србије и Црне Горе
Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdushna odbrana Vojske Srbije i Tsrne Gore
2003-2006[91]

FR Yugoslavia Air Force
Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана Војске Југославије
Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana Vojske Jugoslavije

Roundel of Yugoslavia 1992-2003.svg 1992-2003

SFR Yugoslav Air Force[92]
Југословенско Ратно Ваздухопловство и Противваздушна Одбрана
Jugoslovensko Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protivvazdušna Odbrana

Roundel of SFR Yugoslavia Air Force.svg 1945-1991

Yugoslav Royal Air Force
Југословенско Краљевско Ратно Ваздухопловство и Поморска Авиацијса
Jugoslovensko Kraljevsko Ratno VAzduhoplovstvo i Pomorska Aviacija

Roundel of the Royal Yugoslav Air Force 1929.svg 1929-1941

Yugoslav Royal Army Aviation Department
Авиацијско Одељење Југословенске Краљевске Армије
Aviacijsko Odeljenje Jugoslovenske Kraljevske Armije

Roundel of the Royal Yugoslav Air Force 1923.svg 1918-1929
Transparent.png Royal Yugoslav Navy, Naval Air Service -1941
 Belgian Congo /
Democratic Republic of the CongoRepublic of Congo (Léopoldville) /
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo /
 Zaire
Roundel of Zaire Air Force.svg Zaire Air Force
Force Aerienne Zairoies
1971-1997

Congolese Air Force
Force Aeriennes Congolaises

Transparent.png 1960-1971

Force Publique Aviation

Transparent.png 1944-1960

Other[edit]

Country Established
Service
Indigenous nameCurrentFormer
 Abkhazia Abkhaz Roundel.png Abkhazian Air Force 2008

 

Abkhazian Air Force.svg 1992–
 Hong Kong Hong Kong SAR Regional Emblem.svg People's Liberation Army Air ForcePeople's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison 1997


Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force

Transparent.png 1951-1993


Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force/RAF

Transparent.png 1949-1951


Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps – Air Arm/RAF

Transparent.png 1930-1949
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta Roundel of SMOM.svg Military Corps of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta 1947-1950s
 Spanish Republic Roundel of the Spanish Republican Air Force.svg Spanish Republican Army, Aeronáutica Militar 1931-1936
Fin flash of the Aeronáutica Naval.png Spanish Republican Navy, Aeronáutica Naval 1931-1936
 Transnistria Roundel of Transnistria.svg Transnistrian Air Force 1991
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Transparent.png Military of Northern Cyprus 1974

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Leese, Capt. Robert. "Afghan National Army Air Corps now Afghan National Army Air Force". US Air Force, 14 June 2010. Archived 11 February 2011 at WebCite
  2. ^ Operations resumed in 2002, but the new name may not have been applied until the after the 2003 defense reforms were promulgated.
  3. ^ As they continued the fight against the Taliban, the Mujahideen leaders individually retained the trappings of elements of the Islamic State of Afghanistan. Most of the country's military aircraft not captured by the Taliban were retained by factions remaining aligned with former President Burhanuddin Rabbani. These groups would later form the 'United Islamic Front', which is more commonly known as the 'Northern Alliance'.
  4. ^ Little is known about the Taliban regime's air force establishment.
  5. ^ The pro-Soviet regime collapsed in late April 1992 and was succeeded by the UN-sponsored government, the "Islamic State of Afghanistan", led by Burhanuddin Rabbani until overthrown by the Taliban in September 1996.
  6. ^ Soviet Union-installed regime.
  7. ^ Official establishment occurred in 1924, but the AMAA received its first aircraft in 1921 (aside from some captured in 1919).
  8. ^ As in most cases, Argentina's air arms began as an Army formation. Following a period of service unification, the Army Aviation Command was reformed on 27 November 1956, but did not gain independence from the Air Force until 3 November 1959.
  9. ^ Date first aircraft obtained; the Barbados Defence Force itself was established in 1979.
  10. ^ Preceded by RAF Squadrons 349 and 350 (1942–1946).
  11. ^ The indicated roundel was introduced in 1937 – according to Иван Бориславов и Румен Кирилов, "Самолетите на България", част втора, София, 1996, стр. 246–253 (in Bulgarian; in English: Ivan Borislavov and Rumen Kirilov, "The Airplanes of Bulgaria", part two, Sofia, 1996, pages 246–253).
  12. ^ After the First World War in accordance with the Treaty of Neuilly Bulgaria lost the right to own military air force and because of this from 1920 to 1937 its air force operated as a part of the Bulgarian civil administration – according to Иван Бориславов и Румен Кирилов, "Самолетите на България", част първа, София, 1996, стр. 62–81 (in Bulgarian; in English: Ivan Borislavov and Rumen Kirilov, "The Airplanes of Bulgaria", part one, Sofia, 1996, pages 62–81).
  13. ^ The indicated version of the German Cross was slightly modified and introduced in 1915 as most widespread Bulgarian aviation sign during the First World War along with the less employed St. Andrew's Cross – according to Иван Бориславов и Румен Кирилов, "Самолетите на България", част втора, София, 1996, стр. 246–253 (in Bulgarian; in English: Ivan Borislavov and Rumen Kirilov, "The Airplanes of Bulgaria", part two, Sofia, 1996, pages 246–253).
  14. ^ Initially operated balloons. In 1912 Bulgaria received its first airplane Bleriot XXI, with which on 13 August 1912 Simeon Petrov flew to become the first Bulgarian to pilot an airplane over Bulgaria.
  15. ^ The KPAF's name was changed to "Cambodian People's Air Force" in 1989, following the restoration of the nation's former name of Cambodia. In 1992, the PKAF was briefly resurrected as the "State of Cambodia Air Force", but it never actually became operational under that title.
  16. ^ The Vietnamese invasion of 1979 resulted in the forcible disbandment of the AFKLA; formation of a successor force did not begin until 1984.
  17. ^ The Cape Verde Coast Guard received its first aircraft in November 1992; its actual date of formation is unknown at this time.
  18. ^ The Fuerza Aérea de Chile was briefly named Fuerza Aérea Nacional in 1930.
  19. ^ The year 1919, when its first aircraft were received, is the traditional establishment date of Chile's Aviación Naval (the name by which it is still popularly referred); however, it was not officially established and recognized as a branch within the Navy until 1923.
  20. ^ When Chile's unified national air force was dissolved in 1953, the Army did not regain an air arm of its own. Disappointment with this outcome led to the founding of the Club Aéreo del Personal del Ejército (Army Personnel Aero Club) in 1959. Although never formally established as an air arm, it nevertheless served as an important and foundational predecessor to the modern CAEC.
  21. ^ The NFG was formed in the summer of 1949 for the air defense of Beijing, but was replaced by the PLAAF in November of that year.
  22. ^ On 28 February 1930, the Red Army captured a Nationalist Chinese O2U-4 Corsair reconnaissance aircraft that had been forced to land due to having run out of fuel; given a red star and named after Lenin, it was later used against the Nationalist government. This may have been the first aircraft in the Red Army. Small numbers of captured aircraft were also used against the Japanese during World War II, but the first regular Communist Chinese air force would be organized as the Nanyuan Flying Group in 1949.
  23. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  24. ^ Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), also known as Congo-Kinshasa.
  25. ^ Although Costa Rica established its air force in 1947, it did not begin flying operations until 1948.
  26. ^ The Kroatische Luftwaffen Legion was a World War II German Luftwaffe unit formed from Croatian volunteers on 2 June 1941, and had a fighter and a bomber squadron. The fighter squadron was designated 15.(Kroatische)/JG 52, and served on the Eastern Front from 6 October 1941 until July 1944. The bomber squadron was designated 15.(Kroatische)/KG 53, and served on the Eastern Front from 25 October 1941 until December 1942.
  27. ^ Full formal name is the Cuban Air Defense and Revolutionary Air Force (Defensa Anti-Aérea y Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria).
  28. ^ Established by Fidel Castro in 1958, but operations with a captured Aviación Naval aircraft began the previous year.
  29. ^ Split off from the Cuban air force in 1934, but remerged in 1952 reorganization.
  30. ^ 2011 placed under the Air Force as Squadron 723.
  31. ^ 2003 placed under the air force as Squadron 724.
  32. ^ In early 1948, Army aviation became an independent and separate service as the Dominican Military Aviation Corps (DMAC) El Cuerpo de Aviación Militar Dominicana (CAMD/AMD). The Army regained an air arm of its own in 2001.
  33. ^ At the beginning of 1951, the Navy was authorized to establish its own aviation arm, but it was absorbed into the Air Force the following year. The Navy regained an air arm of its own in 2003.
  34. ^ a b From 1958–1961, the Egyptian and Syrian air forces were unified as the United Arab Republic Air Force.
  35. ^ In 1943, 'Sonderstaffel Buschmann' was redesignated Aufklärungsgruppe 127 (AGr 127) and became a regular unit of the German Luftwaffe. On 18 October 1943, AGr 127 was divided into two units, See-Aufklärungsgruppe 127 and Nachtschlachtgruppe 11
  36. ^ 'Sonderstaffel Buschmann' was a German Luftwaffe auxiliary unit for coastal patrol. It was formed on 12 February 1942.
  37. ^ The Ethiopian Air Force effectively ceased to exist in 1991, following the victory of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) in the civil war; it was reestablished in 1995.
  38. ^ Also used the ordinary French roundel: Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg with the Cross of Lorraine as a fin flash.
  39. ^ Also used a variant of the ordinary French roundel with bars like the USAAF insignia: French WWII roundel with bars.png
  40. ^ The national flag is used as a fin flash.
  41. ^ The Gambia formed the nucleus of an air force in 2002 and sent personnel to the Ukraine for a four-year pilot training course. The Gambia bought its first aircraft, a single Su-25 from Georgia in the first half of 2003. However, by 2007, the government had yet to announce its air force's formal establishment.
  42. ^ http://indianairforce.nic.in/
  43. ^ A new Iraqi AF roundel is sometimes reported, but has yet to be confirmed, or seen on any aircraft: Iraqi Air Force roundel.svg
  44. ^ Also uses a low-visibility roundel: LV Italian Air Force roundel.svg
  45. ^ Flank roundel: ASDF.svg
  46. ^ Conglomerate of the Aviazione della Regia Marina and Corpo Aeronautico Militare. Tailfin insignia (click to enlarge): Lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1929-1943).svg, flank roundel (click to enlarge): Italy-Royal-Airforce flank roundel.svg
  47. ^ Tailfin insignia (click to enlarge): CoA House of Savoy crowned.svg
  48. ^ Tailfin insignia (click to enlarge): RA-emblem.png
  49. ^ (Italian) Baldassare Catalanotto, Hugo Pratt, In un cielo lontano : 70 anni di aeronautica militare. Lizard editore, 1993. ISBN 88-86456-01-8
  50. ^ Patterned on the US Air Force.
  51. ^ Also used the Imperial Japanese Navy's ensign: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg
  52. ^ Former ROKAF roundel – used until the 2000s (click to enlarge): ROKAF Roundel 1950s-2000s.svg
  53. ^ For some time LPLAAF also used this roundel (clik to enlarge): Laos roundel.svg (www.acig.org)
  54. ^ Pathet Lao insurgents operated their own small air arm from 1960–1975; it became part of the LPLAAF.
  55. ^ Following a failed attempt at a coup d'état, the Kong Le rebel faction also briefly operated a small air arm from 1960–1963, when it was re-incorporated into the RLAF.
  56. ^ Luxembourg has no air force of its own, but NATO-owned aircraft are operated under Luxembourg registration.
  57. ^ The Malawi Young Pioneers (MYP) was a paramilitary adjunct of the League of Malawi Youth activist organization of the ruling Malawi Congress Party (MCP). Established in 1963, the first militarily trained cadres appeared in 1964, and the MYP obtained aircraft beginning in 1970.
  58. ^ Although founded in 1926, aircraft were not supplied until the following year.
  59. ^ On the flanks are used also the national flag, it seems to be used also this roundel: Roundel of Moldovan Air Force (alternate).svg
  60. ^ The yellow variant of the soyombo roundel is also reported: Soyombo yellow.svg.
  61. ^ Preceded by RAAF squadrons 18, 119 and 120 (1942–1946) and RAF squadrons 320, 321 and 322 (1940–1945).
  62. ^ Includes Royal New Zealand Navy aircraft as No. 6 Squadron and formerly No. 6 Squadron.
  63. ^ Also included RAF squadrons 75 and 485–490 during World War II.
  64. ^ There is also the alternate version: Roundel of the Royal Air Force of Oman.svg
  65. ^ Paraguayan Air Arms
  66. ^ Paraguay Naval Aviation
  67. ^ A new tricolour star has been reported since 2007 on several planes and helicopters: militaryphotos.net, airliners.net: Russian Air Force roundel.svg
  68. ^ The Serbian-Montenegrin union of Yugoslavia was dissolved in 2006 and the former nation's military assets were divided between them.
  69. ^ After World War I, Serbia was united with other Balkan states into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  70. ^ Finflash (click to enlarge): Fintail1.jpg
  71. ^ Some units customize their roundels, painting in white inside, their own symbol or motto.
  72. ^ Merged with Swedish Air Force 2003
  73. ^ Information on the organization of Chinese military aviation prior to 1925, when the Kuomintang began establishing its Aviation Bureaus around China, is very spotty as many records have been lost during the conflicts raging from 1931–1949 and the subsequent Cultural Revolution; in fact, during most of these earlier years, China fielded multiple air forces, most being the personal air arms of various warlords — some allied with the national government and some not. During World War II (which began for the Chinese with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931), the Japanese established a number of puppet governments, several of which were permitted to field small air forces.
  74. ^ Although a formal aviation arm was not stood up until 1979, the ROC Army created an Aviation Section for each of its two corps and an Aviation Platoon for its General Headquarters in 1956.
  75. ^ Russia provided Tajikistan with several helicopters in 1993 and began to organize an indigenous air force by no later than 1994; however, most sources express doubts as to its operational effectiveness.
  76. ^ http://forums.gunboards.com/showthread.php?158607-Japanese-use-of-Type-45-Siamese-Mauser
  77. ^ Although some aircraft were obtained after independence in 1960 and further aircraft were supplied by France in 1963, the air force was not formally established until 1964.
  78. ^ However, Tunisia's first aircraft were not obtained until 1960.
  79. ^ Includes the Dubai Defence Force Air Wing (formed 1971); Abu Dhabi Army Air Wing (formed 1968); and Abu Dhabi Air Force (formed 1972).[citation needed]
  80. ^ Official date of integration of the several emirate air arms, but actual integration took many years.
  81. ^ a b RNAS and RFC merged to form RAF
  82. ^ a b Formerly part of the Royal Air Force.
  83. ^ Also uses a low-visibility roundel: Roundel of the USAF (low vis).svg
  84. ^ Previous roundels as per US Navy
  85. ^ De-militarized in 1946
  86. ^ Aviación Militar Bolivariana – Paladín del Espacio Soberano
  87. ^ Preceded and supported by RAF squadrons 310–313 (1940–1946) and the Soviet Air Force's 1st Czech Fighter Regiment.[citation needed]
  88. ^ The Manchukuo Air Transport Company served as a para-military airline which performed transport and reconnaissance missions for Japanese military forces.
  89. ^ Until the fifties was in use the single bordered star, also painted on fuselage and rudder (click to enlarge)
  90. ^ Red outline added to celebrate victory over Nazi Germany and is referred to as the Victory Star.
  91. ^ Montenegro voted to secede from the FRY in 2006 and the union with Serbia was dissolved, with FRY military assets being divided between the (now) two nations.
  92. ^ Preceded by the Partizanska Eskadrila NOVJ and RAF squadrons 351 and 352 (the RAF Balkan Air Force, 1942–1945)

External links[edit]