List of aircraft carriers by country

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Countries currently operating carriers in blue; historic operators of carriers in light blue

The list of aircraft carriers by country includes all aircraft carriers organized by country of origin and service. Where appropriate, a single ship may be listed under multiple countries. For the list of seaplane carriers and tenders see List of seaplane carriers by country.

Numbers of aircraft carriers by country[edit]

The table below does not include submarine aircraft carriers, seaplane tenders, escort carriers, merchant aircraft carriers, helicopter carriers or amphibious assault ships
Number of aircraft carriers by operating nation
Country In service In reserve Decommissioned Under construction Never completed Total completed
United States United States 10 2 56 3 12 68
India India 2 0 1 2 0 3
Italy Italy 2 0 0 0 2 2
China China 1 0 0 1 0 1
SpainSpain 1 1 1 0 1 3
France France 1 0 7 0 7 8
Russia Russia 1 0 6 0 2 7
Brazil Brazil 1 0 1 0 0 2
Thailand Thailand 1 0 0 0 0 1
United Kingdom United Kingdom 0 0 40 2 12 40
Japan Japan 0 0 20 0 4 20
Australia Australia 0 0 3 0 0 3
Canada Canada 0 0 3 0 0 3
Argentina Argentina 0 0 2 0 0 2
Netherlands Netherlands 0 0 2 0 0 2
Germany Germany 0 0 0 0 8 0

Argentina[edit]

Retired:

Australia[edit]

Retired:

Brazil[edit]

Active:

Retired:

Canada[edit]

Retired:

China[edit]

Active:

  • Liaoning: never completed ex-Soviet Navy carrier sold to China by Ukraine being refitted in Dalian. Handed on to PLAN on 23 September 2012 and entered active service on 25 September 2012.[1]

Planned:

France[edit]

Active:

Retired:

Never completed:

Germany[edit]

Never completed:

The two planned Italian carriers Aquila and Sparviero were seized by the Germans after the Italian Armistice but not completed.

India[edit]

Active:

Under construction:

  • INS Vikrant: 40,000 ton Vikrant class carrier. It is being built at Cochin Shipyard and is expected to enter service in 2017.

Planned

  • INS Vishal: 65,000 ton Vikrant-class carrier. Expected to enter service in 2025.[3]

Retired:

  • INS Vikrant : Majestic-class carrier, (ex-HMS Hercules), in service from 1961 to 1997 and currently a museum ship docked at Mumbai. INS Vikrant has now been sold for Rs 60 crore (600M Rupees) to a ship-breaker as it was no longer viable to be kept as a museum. [4]

Italy[edit]

Active:

Never completed:

  • Sparviero (1927) (converted liner Augustus, not completed as carrier) – Sunk 5 October 1944
  • Aquila (1926) (converted liner Roma) – BU 1951–1952

Japan[edit]

Retired:

  • Hōshō (1921) – decommissioned 1946
  • Kaiyo (1943) – decommissioned 1945 and scrapped 1946

Sunk:

  • Kaga (1921) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
  • Akagi (1925) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
  • Ryūjō (1931) – sunk, Battle of the Eastern Solomons, August 1942
  • Ryūhō (1933) – damaged at Kure by U.S. air raid March 1945 and scrapped postwar
  • Sōryū class
    • Sōryū (1935) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
    • Hiryū (1937) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
  • Zuihō class
    • Shōhō (1935) – sunk, Battle of the Coral Sea, May 1942
    • Zuihō (1936) – sunk, Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944
  • Chitose class
    • Chitose (1936) – seaplane tender from 1934 to 1942, rebuilt as light carrier and sunk at Battle of Leyte Gulf in October 1944
    • Chiyoda (1937) – sunk at Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944
  • Shōkaku class
    • Shōkaku (1939) – sunk, Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944
    • Zuikaku (1939) – sunk, Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944
  • Hiyō class
    • Junyō (1939) – damaged during Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944. Never repaired; scrapped postwar.
    • Hiyō (1939) – sunk, Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944
  • Taihō (1943) – sunk, Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944
  • Unryū class
    • Amagi (1943) – used as anti-aircraft platform and sunk in July 1945
    • Unryū (1943) – sunk by U.S. submarine Redfish, December 1944
    • Katsuragi (1944) – used as transport to repatriate Japanese troops postwar and then scrapped
  • Shinano (1944) – sunk by U.S. submarine Archerfish, November 1944
  • Mizuho (1939) – sunk by U.S. submarine USS Drum, 1 May 1942.

Only Hōshō, Junyō, Katsuragi and Ryuho survived the war and these were scrapped by 1948.

Never completed:

  • Unryū class
    • Aso 4th unit of Unryū class (not completed)
    • Ikoma 5th unit of Unryū class (not completed)
    • Kasagi 6th unit of Unryū class (not completed)
  • Ibuki - heavy cruiser conversion; scrapped post-war

Netherlands[edit]

Retired:

  • Hr.Ms. Karel Doorman (ex-British HMS Venerable, purchased 1948) – Sold to Argentina 1968 and renamed ARA Veinticinco de Mayo, broken up
  • Hr.Ms. Karel Doorman (ex-British HMS Nairana, transferred to Dutch service 1946) – Converted to merchantman and renamed Port Victor, Until March 1968, owned by Cunard Line but managed by Blue Star Port Lines. Eventually owned by Port Line, July 21, 1971, sent to Faslane to be scrapped

Russia[edit]

The Russian Navy was established in December 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, most Soviet aircraft carriers were transferred over to Russia.

Active:

Retired:

Soviet Union[edit]

The Soviet Union was dissolved in December 1991, most Soviet aircraft carriers were transferred to Russia, with the exception of Varyag which was transferred to Ukraine. Ulyanovsk was scrapped before the Soviet Union was dissolved.

In service at the end of Soviet state:

Never completed:

Spain[edit]

Active:

  • Juan Carlos I : 27,079 tonne STOVL carrier in active service, commissioned 30 September 2010.

Retired:

Never completed:

Thailand[edit]

Active:

  • HTMS Chakri Naruebet (1996)* Commissioned in 1997 but by 1999, only one used AV-8S Matador/Harrier was still operable due to lack of spare parts and age.[6]

Ukraine[edit]

Never completed:

United Kingdom[edit]

Under construction:

Sunk:

  • HMS Hermes (1898) seaplane carrier from 1914, sunk by U-27 31 October 1914
  • Glorious class
  • HMS Eagle (1918), sunk by U-73 11 August 1942
  • HMS Hermes (1923) – first purpose-designed aircraft carrier, sunk by Japanese aircraft 9 April 1942
  • HMS Ark Royal (1938), sunk 14 November 1941 after being torpedoed by U-81 on 13 November 1941

Retired:

Never completed:

  • Audacious class
    • Eagle – cancelled
    • Africa – to Malta class then cancelled
  • Centaur class
    • Hermes – cancelled
    • Arrogant – cancelled
    • Monmouth – cancelled
    • Polyphemus – cancelled
  • Malta class – cancelled 1946
    • Malta
    • New Zealand
    • Gibraltar
    • Africa
  • CVA-01 – cancelled 1966
    • Queen Elizabeth
    • Duke of Edinburgh

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Warrilow, Betty. Nabob, the first Canadian-manned aircraft carrier Owen Sound, Ont. : Escort Carriers Association, 1989.
  • Chesneau, Roger. Aircraft Carriers of the World, 1914 to the Present. An Illustrated Encyclopedia Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-902-2