List of aircraft carriers of Russia and the Soviet Union

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The list of aircraft carriers of the Soviet Union and Russia includes all aircraft carriers built by, proposed for, or in service with the naval forces of either the Soviet Union or Russia. Although listed as aircraft carriers, none of these ships (with the possible exception of the never built Ulyanovsk) was or is a true aircraft carrier. Specifically, they were ASW helicopter equipped ships or aircraft-carrying cruisers, including the FADMSU Kuznetsov, the only carrier still in service with the Russian Navy.[citation needed]

Name Class Type Commissioned Decommissioned Notes
Moskva Moskva class Helicopter carrier 1967 1996
Leningrad Moskva class Helicopter carrier 1969 1991
Kiev Kiev class Aircraft carrying cruiser 1975 1993 Sold to Chinese company. Converted to Military theme park and then hotel.[1]
Minsk Kiev class Aircraft carrying cruiser 1978 1993 Sold initially for scrap. Re-sold to Chinese company as museum piece.[2]
Novorossiysk Kiev class Aircraft carrying cruiser 1982 1993 Scrapped in 1997 in Pohang South Korea.[citation needed]
Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov (previously named Baku) Kiev class Aircraft carrying cruiser 1987 1996 Sold to India, renamed INS Vikramaditya.[3]
Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov Admiral Kuznetsov class Aircraft carrying cruiser 1991 In Service with the Russian Navy.[citation needed]
Varyag Admiral Kuznetsov class Aircraft carrying cruiser Not completed during Soviet era. Hull sold by Ukraine to China. Completed 2012 and commissioned as People's Liberation Army Navy only aircraft carrier Liaoning.[citation needed]
Ulyanovsk Ulyanovsk class Aircraft carrying cruiser Not completed, scrapped shortly after keel laying, during Soviet era.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nassef, Ghada (19 August 2011), China turns aircraft carrier into a luxury hotel, BBC News, retrieved 2012-02-18 
  2. ^ Former Soviet aircraft carrier sold in China for $16mln, RIA Novosti, 31 May 2006, retrieved 2012-02-18 
  3. ^ Russia Delays INS Vikramaditya (Adm Gorshkov) Delivery Till 2012, India Defence, 11 November 2008, retrieved 2012-02-18 

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