List of aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy

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The following is a list of aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom.

Key[edit]

Main guns The number and type of the main battery guns
Displacement Ship displacement at full combat load
Propulsion Number of shafts, type of propulsion system, and top speed generated
Service The dates work began and finished on the ship and its ultimate fate
Laid down The date the keel began to be assembled
Commissioned The date the ship was commissioned

Fleet carriers[edit]

Argus class[edit]

HMS Argus, 1918
Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Argus
(ex-Conte Rosso)
18 15,775 long tons (16,028 t) 12 cylindrical boilers; 4 Parsons geared turbines, 4 shafts 1914 6 September 1918 Sold for scrap 1946

Glorious class[edit]

HMS Furious


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Glorious 48 27,419 long tons (27,859 t) 18 Yarrow small-tube boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons geared turbines style 1 May 1915 January 1917 Sunk by Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, 8 June 1940
HMS Courageous 48 26,990 long tons (27,423 t) 18 Yarrow small-tube boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 18 March 1915 November 1916 Sunk by U-29, 17 September 1939
HMS Furious 36 28,500 long tons (28,957 t) 18 Yarrow small-tube boilers, 4 shafts, Brown-Curtis geared turbines 8 June 1915 June 1917 Sold for scrap 1948

Eagle class[edit]

HMS Eagle


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Eagle
(ex-Almirante Cochrane)
21 26,000 long tons (26,417 t) 32 Yarrow boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 20 February 1913 26 February 1924 Torpedoed and sunk 11 August 1942, by U-73

Hermes class[edit]

HMS Hermes August 1938


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Hermes 20 13,000 long tons (13,209 t) 6 Yarrow small-tube boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 15 January 1918 September 1923 Sunk 9 April 1942 by Japanese aircraft from the carriers Soryu, Hiryu and Akagi.

Ark Royal class[edit]

HMS Ark Royal in 1939, with Swordfish of 820 Naval Air Squadron passing overhead.


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Ark Royal 54 27,720 long tons (28,165 t) 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 3 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 16 September 1935 16 December 1938 Sunk 14 November 1941 by German submarine U-81, off Gibraltar.

Unicorn class[edit]

HMS Unicorn 1951

HMS Unicorn was an aircraft repair ship and light aircraft carrier; an "aircraft maintenance carrier".

Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Unicorn 35 20,300 long tons (20,626 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers; 4 Parsons geared steam turbines 4 shafts 26 June 1939 12 March 1943 Sold for scrap 1960

Illustrious class[edit]

HMS Illustrious


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Illustrious 36 30,530 long tons (31,020 t) 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 3 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 27 April 1937 25 May 1940 Sold for scrap 1956
HMS Formidable 40 30,530 long tons (31,020 t) 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 3 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 17 June 1937 24 November 1940 Sold for scrap 1956
HMS Victorious 36 30,530 long tons (31,020 t) 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 3 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 4 May 1937 14 May 1941 Sold for scrap 1969
HMS Indomitable 45 30,530 long tons (31,020 t) 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 3 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 10 November 1937 10 October 1941 Sold for scrap 1955

Implacable class[edit]

HMS Implacable 1944


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Implacable 54 32,624 long tons (33,148 t) 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 21 February 1939 28 August 1944 Sold for scrap 1955
HMS Indefatigable 54 32,624 long tons (33,148 t) 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 3 November 1939 3 May 1944 Sold for scrap November 1956

Colossus-class[edit]

HMS Triumph 1950

The 1942 Design Light Fleet Carriers were designed and constructed by civilian shipyards to serve as an intermediate step between the expensive, full-size fleet aircraft carriers and the less expensive but limited-capability escort carriers. Perseus and Pioneer were modified to operate as maintenance carriers.

Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Colossus 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 1 June 1942 16 December 1944 Loaned to France as Arromanches from August 1946, then sold to France 1951
HMS Glory 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 27 August 1942 2 April 1945 Scrapped 1961
HMS Ocean 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 8 November 1942 8 August 1945 Scrapped 1962
HMS Theseus 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 6 January 1943 9 February 1946 Scrapped 1962
HMS Triumph 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 27 January 1943 9 May 1946 Scrapped 1981 in Spain
HMS Venerable 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 3 December 1942 17 January 1945 Sold to Netherlands 1948 and renamed Karel Doorman II then later sold in 1968 to Argentina as Veinticinco de Mayo. Scrapped 2000.
HMS Vengeance 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 16 November 1942 15 January 1945 Transferred to the Royal Australian Navy from 1953 to August 1955. Sold to Brazil as Minas Gerais December 1956. Scrapped 2004.
HMS Warrior 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 12 December 1942 November 1948 Loaned to Royal Canadian Navy 1946-48 and not commissioned into RN until November 1948. Returned to UK 1956 and modernised. Sold to Argentina as Independencia 1958.
HMS Perseus 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 1 June 1942 19 October 1945 Scrapped 1958
HMS Pioneer 48 18,330 long tons (18,624 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 2 December 1942 8 February 1945 Scrapped 1954

Majestic class[edit]

HMS Hercules

The 1942 design was modified to take more modern aircraft and these ships became the Majestic-class. Not completed until after the end of the war, most ended up purchased by other navies.

Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Majestic 37 18,085 long tons (18,375 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines) 15 April 1943 28 October 1955 Sold to Australia in 1949, and completed in 1955 to a modified design including an angled flight deck and renamed as HMAS Melbourne.
HMS Hercules 37 18,085 long tons (18,375 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines October 1943 Laid up till purchased by India in January 1957, renamed INS Vikrant, commissioned 1961, decommissioned 1997, scrapped 2014.
HMS Leviathan 37 18,085 long tons (18,375 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines October 1943 Never completed scrapped 1968
HMS Magnificent 37 18,085 long tons (18,375 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines July 1943 Loaned to Royal Canadian Navy upon completion in 1948. Commissioned in RCN March 1948, returned to Royal Navy 1957 and scrapped 1965
HMS Powerful 18,985 long tons (19,290 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines November 1943 Sold to Canada on 23 April 1952, then completed to a modified design with an angled flight deck and renamed HMCS Bonaventure
HMS Terrible 37 18,085 long tons (18,375 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 19 November 1943 Transferred to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Sydney 1948.

Audacious class[edit]

HMS Eagle


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Eagle
ex-Audacious
60+ 49,950 long tons (50,752 t) 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons SR geared turbines 24 October 1942 5 October 1951 Sold for scrap 1978
HMS Ark Royal
ex-Irresistible
50 53,950 long tons (54,816 t) 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 shafts, Parsons SR geared turbines 3 May 1943 25 February 1955 Sold for scrap 1980
HMS Eagle Cancelled
HMS Africa Cancelled

Centaur class[edit]

HMS Eagle, HMS Bulwark and HMS Albion during the Suez Crisis.


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Centaur 42 26,200 long tons (26,620 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 30 May 1944 1 September 1953 Scrapped 1972
HMS Albion 42 27,800 long tons (28,246 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 23 March 1944 May 1954 Scrapped November 1973
HMS Bulwark 42 26,200 long tons (26,620 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 10 May 1945 29 October 1954 Scrapped April 1984
HMS Hermes
ex-Elephant
42 27,800 long tons (28,246 t) 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines 21 June 1944 November 1959 Sold to India April 1986, renamed INS Viraat, still in service
HMS Hermes Cancelled
HMS Arrogant Cancelled
HMS Monmouth Cancelled
HMS Polyphemus Cancelled

Malta class[edit]

Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Malta 80 56,800 long tons (57,711 t) 4 or 5 x shafts
Steam turbines
8 x boilers
Cancelled
HMS New Zealand 80 56,800 long tons (57,711 t) 4 or 5 x shafts
Steam turbines
8 x boilers
Cancelled
HMS Gibraltar 80 56,800 long tons (57,711 t) 4 or 5 x shafts
Steam turbines
8 x boilers
Cancelled
HMS Africa 80 56,800 long tons (57,711 t) 4 or 5 x shafts
Steam turbines
8 x boilers
Cancelled

Queen Elizabeth class (CVA-01)[edit]

Main article: CVA-01
Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Queen Elizabeth (Possibly) 50 54,500 long tons (55,375 t) 3 x shafts
Parsons turbines
6 boilers
Cancelled 1966
HMS Duke of Edinburgh (Possibly) 50 54,500 long tons (55,375 t) 3 x shafts
Parsons turbines
6 boilers
Cancelled 1966

Invincible class[edit]

HMS Invincible


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Invincible 20 22,000 long tons (22,353 t) 4 Olympus gas turbine engines combined gas and gas, 2 Shafts July 1973 July 1980 Sold for scrap 2010
HMS Illustrious 20 22,000 long tons (22,353 t) 4 Olympus gas turbine engines combined gas and gas, 2 Shafts October 1976 June 1982 Awaiting disposal 2014
HMS Ark Royal
ex-Indomitable
20 20,000 long tons (20,321 t) 4 Olympus gas turbine engines combined gas and gas, 2 Shafts December 1978 1 July 1985 Sold for scrap 2012

Queen Elizabeth class[edit]


Ship Aircraft Displacement Propulsion Service
Laid down Commissioned Fate
HMS Queen Elizabeth 40
[1]
65,000 long tons (66,043 t)
[1]
2 x Rolls-Royce MT30 Gas Turbines
[1]
7 July 2009 Expected 2016
HMS Prince of Wales 40
[1]
65,000 long tons (66,043 t)
[1]
2 x Rolls-Royce MT30 Gas Turbines
[1]
26 May 2011 Expected 2018

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Queen Elizabeth Class Facts and Figures". Royal Navy. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 

External links[edit]