List of Regia Aeronautica aircraft used in World War II

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Italian Piaggio P.108 bomber in 1942

A list of aircraft used by Italy during World War II until its capitulation to the Allies in September 1943. Aircraft marked in pink were captured, aircraft in blue did not progress past prototypes.

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Model Name Role 1st
flight
Service
entry
# Used Refs
Aeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.18 - fighter 1939 n/a 1
Ambrosini A.R. - flying bomb 1943 n/a 5
Ambrosini S.7T - trainer 1939 1943 10
Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone (griffon) trainer 1939 1940 10
Ambrosini SAI.207 - fighter 1941 1942 14
Ambrosini SAI.403 Dardo (dart) fighter 1943 n/a 1
Ambrosini SS.4 - fighter 1939 n/a 1
Arado Ar 96B-2 - trainer 1938 1943 2
AVIA FL.3 - trainer 1939 1940 135
Breda Ba.15 - liaison 1928 1929
Breda Ba.19/19bis - trainer 1928 1931 42
Breda Ba.25 - trainer 1931 1932 80
Breda Ba.28 - trainer 1936 1938 59
Breda Ba.39 - liaison 1932 ? 60
Breda Ba.44 - transport 1934 1936 5
Breda Ba.64 - ground attack 1934 1937 42
Breda Ba.65 - ground attack 1935 1937 81+
Breda Ba.75 - reconnaissance/ground attack 1939 n/a 1
Breda Ba.82 - medium bomber 1937 n/a 1
Breda Ba.88 Lince (lynx) fighter-bomber 1936 1938 149
Breda Ba.201 - dive bomber 1941 n/a 2
Bücker Bü 131 Jungmann (young man) trainer 1934 1941 41 [notes 1]
CANSA C.5 - trainer 1939 1939 62
CANSA C.6 - trainer 1941 n/a 2
CANSA FC.12 - ground attack 1940 ? 11
CANSA FC.20 - reconnaissance bomber 1941 1943 8
CANT Z.501 Gabbiano (gull) maritime patrol 1934 1936 454
CANT Z.506 Airone (heron) maritime patrol 1935 1939 323
CANT Z.511 - transport seaplane 1940 n/a 2
CANT Z.1007 Alcione (kingfisher) bomber 1937 1939 660
CANT Z.1011 - heavy bomber/transport 1936 1938 12
CANT Z.1018 Leone (lion) bomber 1939 1943 15
Caproni Ca.100 - trainer/liaison 1928 ? 680
Caproni Ca.111 - reconnaissance 1932 1933 148+
Caproni Ca.133 - transport/bomber 1934 1935 398
Caproni Ca.135 - bomber 1935 1937 115+
Caproni Ca.148 - transport 1938 106
Caproni Ca.164 - liaison 1938 280
Caproni Ca.165 - fighter 1938 n/a 1
Caproni Ca.308/A.P.1 Boreas (north wind god) light bomber 1934 1936
Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli (south wind) reconnaissance 1937 ? 165
Caproni Ca.310 Libeccio (s.w. wind) reconnaissance/bomber 1937 1938 203
Caproni Ca.311 - bomber 1939 1939 320
Caproni Ca.312 - bomber 1939 ? 39+
Caproni Ca.313 - bomber 1939 ? 338
Caproni Ca.314 - bomber/maritime patrol ? 1942 200
Caproni Ca.316 - reconnaissance/patrol 1940 n/a 14
Caproni Ca.331 Raffica (gust) bomber/night fighter 1940 n/a 3
Caproni Campini N.1 - engine testbed 1940 n/a 2
Caproni Vizzola F.4 - fighter 1940 n/a 1
Caproni Vizzola F.5 - fighter 1939 1939 13
Caproni Vizzola F.6 - fighter 1941 n/a 2
Caudron C.440 Goéland (seagull) transport 1934 1943 7 [notes 2]
Caudron C.635 Simoun (south east wind) liaison 1934 1943 2 [notes 2]
CNA PM.1 - trainer 1939 n/a 1
Dewoitine D.520 C.1 - fighter 1938 1940 60 [notes 3]
Dornier Do 217J - night fighter 1938 1942 12
Douglas DC-2 - transport 1934 1940 1
Fiat B.R.20 Cicogna (stork) bomber 1936 1936
Fiat C.R.25 - reconnaissance/transport 1937 1939 12
Fiat C.R.32 - fighter 1933 1933
Fiat C.R.42 Falco (falcon) fighter 1938 1939
Fiat G.8 - trainer 1934 ? 60
Fiat G.12 - transport 1940 1941 35
Fiat G.18 - transport 1935 1943 9
Fiat G.50 Freccia (arrow) fighter 1937 1938
Fiat G.55 Centauro (centaur) fighter 1942 1943
Fiat RS.14 - reconnaissance 1939 1941
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (stork) liaison 1936 ?
Gotha Go 242 - transport glider 1941 1943 4
IMAM Ro.10 (Fokker F.VII) - transport 1924 ? 3
IMAM Ro.37 Lince (lynx) reconnaissance 1933 1935 726
IMAM Ro.41 - fighter-trainer 1934 1935 753
IMAM Ro.43 - reconnaissance 1934 1935 130
IMAM Ro.44 - floatplane fighter 1936 1937 35
IMAM Ro.57bis - dive bomber 1939 1943 50+
IMAM Ro.58 - dive bomber 1942 n/a 1
IMAM Ro.63 - reconnaissance/liaison 1940 n/a 6
Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e - transport 1930 1943 7
Junkers Ju 87B-2 & D-1 Stuka (dive bomber) dive bomber 1935 1940 210
Junkers Ju 88A-4 - bomber 1936 1943 46
Klemm Kl 35 - liaison/trainer 1935 1943 1
Liore et Olivier LeO 451 B.4 - bomber 1937 1941 27 [notes 2]
Macchi M.C.200 Saetta (archery bolt) fighter 1937 1939
Macchi M.C.201 - fighter 1940 n/a 1
Macchi M.C.202 Folgore (thunderbolt) fighter 1940 1941 1500
Macchi M.C.205N Orione (orion) fighter 1942 n/a 2
Macchi M.C.205V Veltro (greyhound) fighter 1942 1943 262
Messerschmitt Bf 108B-2 Taifun (typhoon) liaison 1934 1941 1
Messerschmitt Bf 109G/K - fighter 1935 1943 225
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4/G-4 - night fighter 1936 1942 5+?
Morane-Saulnier MS.230 Et.2 - trainer 1929 1943 8 [notes 2]
Morane-Saulnier MS.406 C.1 - fighter 1935 1943 25 [notes 2]
Nardi FN.305 - trainer 1935 1935 10+
Nardi FN.315 - trainer 1938 1943 25
Nardi FN.316 - trainer 1941 1943
Piaggio P.50 - heavy bomber 1937 n/a 3
Piaggio P.108B - bomber 1939 1942
Piaggio P.111 - high altitude research 1941 n/a 1
Piaggio P.119 - fighter 1942 n/a 1
Potez 63-11 - reconnaissance 1938 1943 77 [notes 2]
Potez 630/631 C.3 - heavy fighter 1936 1943 13 [notes 2]
Reggiane Re.2000 Falco I (falcon) fighter 1939 1940
Reggiane Re.2001 Falco II (falcon) fighter 1940 1941
Reggiane Re.2002 Ariete (ram) fighter 1940 1942
Reggiane Re.2003 - reconnaissance 1941 n/a 1
Reggiane Re.2005 Sagittario (archer) fighter 1942 1943
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H - coastal reconnaissance/trainer 1938 1941 8 [notes 1]
SAIMAN 200 - trainer 1938 1940 140
SAIMAN 202 - liaison 1938 ? 390
Savoia-Marchetti S.55X - maritime patrol flying boat 1924 1931 25
Savoia-Marchetti S.66 - search and rescue flying boat 1931 1942 6
Savoia-Marchetti SM.75 Marsupiale (marsupial) transport 1937 ? 90
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (sparrowhawk) bomber 1934 1936 1350
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (bat) bomber 1934 1935
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 - transport/bomber 1939 1940
Savoia-Marchetti SM.83 - transport 1937 1939 23
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 - bomber 1940 1941 309
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 - dive bomber 1936 1939 34
Savoia-Marchetti SM.86 - dive bomber 1939 n/a 1
Savoia-Marchetti SM.88 - heavy fighter 1939 n/a 1
Savoia-Marchetti SM.91 - heavy fighter/bomber 1943 n/a 2
Savoia-Marchetti SM.92 - heavy fighter/bomber 1943 n/a 1
Savoia-Marchetti SM.93 - dive bomber 1944 n/a 1

Captured[edit]

Repainted in Italian markings. Primarily used for evaluation. Other aircraft were captured but were not flyable.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Captured from Yugoslavia
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Captured from France
  3. ^ received in exchange for LeO 451 given to Germany
  4. ^ a b Captured from British Royal Air Force during desert war.
  5. ^ a b Captured from United States Army Air Forces following accidental landing at the wrong airfield.
  6. ^ a b Captured from British Fleet Air Arm.

Bibliography[edit]

  • D'Amico, F.; Valentini, G. (1986). Regia Aeronautica Vol. 2: Pictorial History of the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana and the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force, 1943-1945. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0897471857. 
  • Dunning, Chris (2009). Courage Alone: The Italian Air Force 1940-1943. Hikoki Publications. ISBN 978-1902109091. 
  • Dunning, Chris (2009). Regia Aeronautica: The Italian Air Force 1923-1945 – An Operational History. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications (Ian Allan Publishing). ISBN 978-1906537029. 
  • Sgarlato, Nico (1979). Italian Aircraft of World War II. Warren, Michigan: Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0897470869. 
  • Thompson, Jonathan W. (1963). Italian Civil and Military aircraft 1930-1945. USA: Aero Publishers. ISBN 0816865000. OCLC 63–17621.