List of aircraft of the Indonesian Air Force

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The Indonesian Air Force was founded on 9 April 1946. Initially it operated captured Japanese aircraft, then was presented with a number of aircraft by the departing Dutch colonial government. In the 1960s it turned to the Soviet Union for equipment, becoming the most powerful air force in South East Asia. Following the 30 September Movement coup attempt of 1965, it declined in strength and began to receive western aircraft. In 1999 both the United States and European Union imposed arms embargoes due to claims of human rights violations in East Timor. Although the United States have lifted its embargo in 2005, the European Union still remains strong on its decision to ban arm sales to Indonesia.

Aircraft Origin Version Original Numbers Service years Notes
Fighter Aircraft
CAC-27 Sabre  Australia Sabre Mk 32 23 1973–1982 Donated by the RAAF from 1973–1975
Curtiss P-36 Mohawk  United States Hawk 75a-7 24 1945-??
Curtiss P-40E Warhawk  United States P-40E Warhawk - 1945-??

Stored for decades in Kalijati Air Base

de Havilland Vampire  United Kingdom T:11 30 1945–1966 One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara
F-16 Fighting Falcon  United States F-16A

F-16B

8

4

1989–Present 10 remain of 12 delivered+ 12 EX USAF F-16 block 15 on order
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15  Soviet Union Mig-15UTI 20 1961–1970 One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara, another on the road from Surabaya's airport
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17  Soviet Union Mig-17F

Mig-17PF

66 1961–1970 One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19  Soviet Union Mig-19S 20 1961–1970 One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21  Soviet Union MiG-21F-13

MiG-21U

24

2

1961–1970 One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara, another at the Satria Mandala Museum, Jakarta
Mitsubishi A5M  Japan - 1945-??
Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen  Japan - 1945-??

On display in Museum Dirgantara Udara and stored for decades in Kalijati Air Base.

Mitsubishi J2M Raiden  Japan - 1945-?? [citation needed]
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa  Japan - 1945-?? [1]

On display in Museum Dirgantara Udara. Captured from the IJAAF after the Japanese surrender and Indonesian independence.

Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki  Japan - 1945-??

Captured from the IJAAF after the Japanese surrender and Indonesian Independence

Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate  Japan - 1945-??

Captured from the IJAAF after the Japanese surrender and Indonesian independence.

North American Aviation P-51 Mustang  United States 46 1949–1976 One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara and another one in the road near Halim Perdanakusumah Airport. Several examples captured from the Dutch during the Independence War.
Northrop F-5  United States F-5E

F-5F

12 1980[2]–Present Only 2 are still flying, to be retired.
Sukhoi Su-27  Russia Su-27SK

Su-27SKM

2

3

2003–Present (Su-27SK) 3 Su-27 SKM Flankers Delivered in September 2010
Sukhoi Su-30  Russia Su-30MK

Su-30MK2

2

9

2003–Present

2008–Present

Supermarine Spitfire  United Kingdom - 1945-??
Vought F-4U Corsair  United States F-4U1 - 1945-?? [citation needed]
Bombers
Douglas B-26 Invader  United States A-26B 6 1960–1977 One used by contracted USAF pilot 1st Lieutenant Allen Lawrence Pope for the sinking of the Indonesian patrol KRI Hang Toeah and the raid over Ambon in 1958
Glenn Martin B-10  United States B-10B - 1945-??
Mitsubishi Ki-51  Japan - 1945-?? [3]

Flew July 29, 1947. Captured from the IJAAF after Japanese surrender

Mitsubishi G3M  Japan - 1945-?? [citation needed]. Captured from the IJAAF after the Japanese surrender
Mitsubishi G4M  Japan - 1945-?? [citation needed]
Mitsubishi Ki-21  Japan 1945-?? [citation needed]
Mitsubishi Ki-30  Japan - 1945-?? [citation needed]
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryū  Japan - 1945-?? [citation needed]
Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu "Helen"  Japan - 1945-?? [4]
North American B-25 Mitchell  United States B25-C 42 1945–1979 Handed over from the RNLAF following Indonesian independence, One example on display at the Museum Dirgantara Udara, another at the Museum Satria Mandala, Jakarta
Tupolev Tu-16  Soviet Union Tu-16KS1 26 1961–1970 Indonesia was the second country to own and operate the Tu-16 bomber.
Attack Aircraft
BAE Hawk  United Kingdom Hawk 53

Hawk 109


Hawk 209

20

8


32

1980–Present

1998–Present


1998–Present

Of the twenty Hawk 53s, eight were lost in accidents and six were sold back to BAe in 1999. Only two are now still servicable[5]
McDonnell Douglas A-4 Skyhawk  United States A-4E/F

TA-4H/J

33

4

1980–2003 Acquired from the United States and Israel in the 1980s.
North American OV-10 Bronco  United States OV-10F 16 1976–2005 Grounded as of 2005 due to a fatal crash[5]
Tactical Airlift, Transport, Maritime Patrol Aircraft
Boeing 707  United States 707-3M1C 1 1979–2004 Used as the presidential transport until 2004 when it was sold to Omega Aerial Refueling Services.
Boeing 737  United States
737-2Q8

737 2X9 Surveiller

1

3

2005–Present

1982–Present

Replaced the 707-3M1C as Presidential Carrier

Fitted with Motorola AN/APS-135 SLAMMR (Side-looking Airborne Modular Multi-mission Radar)[6]

CASA C-212 Aviocar  Spain NC-212-100

NC-212-200


NC-212-400[7]

1

1996–Present ††

Upgrading to NC212-200/-400 versions in the near future.

CASA CN-235  Spain
 Indonesia
CN-235 110/220M

CN-235 MPA

6

3

1998–Present ††

The Indonesian Ministry of Defence and Security ordered 24 CN-235MPA aircraft, including three for the Indonesian Air Force.[8]

de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo  Canada DHC-5D 3 1998–Present
Fokker F-27 Friendship  Netherlands F27-400M 8 1960–Present One crashed on 6 April 2009, killing all twenty four occupants. There were six crew, an instructor and seventeen PASKHAS special forces trainees on board.[9]
Fokker F28 Fellowship  Netherlands F-28 Mk 1000

F-28 Mk 3000

5 1970–Present
Lockheed C-130 Hercules  United States
C-130B

C-130H


C-130H-30


KC-130B Hercules


L-100-30

9

10


7


2


8

1960–Present

1979–Present


1995–Present


1960–Present


1979–Present

Plans of upgrading or possibly buying newer variants. One of the first operators of the C-130 after the United States.

† Note that this symbol means that these planes were captured by republican forces during the War of Independence, in which most were destroyed during the ensuing conflict between the Indonesian and Dutch Forces.
†† Aircraft with this symbol means they are locally produced by Indonesian Aerospace.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Francillon 1970, p. 203.
  2. ^ Lake and Hewson 1996, p. 94.
  3. ^ Francillon 1970, p. 180.
  4. ^ Air Enthusiast Quarterly 1977, p. 156.
  5. ^ a b Scramble Magazine
  6. ^ Boeing 737-2X9 Surveiller Radar
  7. ^ C-212-400 Project
  8. ^ CN-235MPA
  9. ^ Fokker F-27 Accident