List of aircraft of the Portuguese Air Force

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This list of aircraft of the Portuguese Air Force also includes aircraft that were operated by the Portuguese Army and Portuguese Navy aviation services, prior to the creation of the Air Force in 1952.

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Army Aviation[edit]

The Army's Aeronáutica Militar was the first military aviation service created in Portugal and much of the Portuguese aviation origins date back to it.

Aircraft Qty In service Retired Origin Notes
Maurice Farman Type 1911-1912 1 1912 1916  France
Deperdussin Type B 1 1912 1916  France
Maurice Farman MF-11 3 1912 1917  France
Farman F.40 5 1916 1920  France
Morane-Saulnier Type H 1 1916  ?  France
Caudron G.III 58 1916  ?  France
 Portugal
50 built from 1922 at Alverca
Nieuport Ni-83 7 1917  ?  France
Caudron G.IV 9 1918 1923  France
Breguet 14A-2 28 1919  ?  France
Breguet 14T-2 1
SPAD SVII-C1 12 1919 1935  France More units possibly received
Martinsyde F-4 Buzzard 4 1919 1933  United Kingdom
Nieuport Ni-21 8 1920  ?  France
Nieuport Ni-80 3 1920  ?  France
Breguet 16Bn-2 1 1921  ?  France
Vickers Valparaiso II 4 1923 1933  United Kingdom
Vickers Valparaiso I 10 1924
Caudron C.59 1 1924  ?  France
Fairey IIID 1 1924 1925  United Kingdom
Avro 548 AX Airdisco 2 1924 1933  United Kingdom
Avro 504K 27 1924 1937  United Kingdom
Dornier Wal 1 1927  ?  Germany
Potez 25 Bidon 1 1928 1937  France
Potez 25A-2 35 1931 1943
Junkers W 34L 1 1928 1936  Germany
Farman F-191 1 1929 1934  France
Morane-Saulnier MS.130 1 1931  ?  France
Morane-Saulnier MS.133 4 1931  ?  France
Morane-Saulnier MS.233 15 1931  ?  France Built under license
Junkers A-50Ce Junior 1 1931 1940  Germany
Vickers Valparaiso III 13 1933 1943  United Kingdom Built under license
de Havilland DH-82 Tiger Moth 11 1934 1952  United Kingdom
 Portugal
Small number of airframes built under license in Alverca; Transferred to PoAF
de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth 9
de Havilland DH-85 Leopard Moth 1 1934  ?  United Kingdom Aircraft named "Dilly", did Lisbon-Timor-Macau-India-Lisbon flight on December 25, 1934
Avro 631 Cadet 1 1934 1952  United Kingdom
Caproni Ca-100 Caproncino 1 1934 1940  Italy
Caproni Ca-113 Farfalla 1 1934 1939  Italy
Hawker Fury I 3 1934 1945  United Kingdom
Avro 626 Tutor 31 1936 1952  United Kingdom
Junkers Ju 52 12 1936 1952  Germany Transferred to PoAF[1][2]
Junkers Ju 52/3 mg3e
de Havilland DH-84 Dragon 3 1937  ?  United Kingdom
Hawker Hind 4 1937  ?  United Kingdom
de Havilland DH-88 Comet 1 1937  ?  United Kingdom Reregistered CS-AAJ Salazar
Junkers Ju 86K-7 10 1938 1948  Germany
Gloster Gladiator II 30 1938 1952  United Kingdom [3][4][5]
Breda Ba-65Bis 10 1939 1941  Italy
Curtiss 75A-4 Mohawk 17 1941 1945  United States
Miles Master II/III 13 1941 1958  United Kingdom
Miles Martinet T.T.1 7 1942  ?  United Kingdom
Lockheed P-38F Lightning 2 1942 1945  United States Interned during WWII after an emergency landing in Lisbon[6]
Lockheed P-38G Lightning
Supermarine Spitfire I 18 1942 1948  United Kingdom
Supermarine Spitfire VB 93 1943 1952 Transferred to PoAF
Bell P-400 Airacobra 15 1942 1950  United States Interned during WWII[7][8]
Bell P-39L Airacobra 4
Convair B-24/PB4Y-1 Liberator 6 1943  ?  United States Interned during WWII
Douglas C-47 Dakota 1 1944 1952  United States Interned during WWII.
Transferred to PoAF[9]
de Havilland Hornet Moth 1 1943  ?  United Kingdom
Bristol Blenheim IV 10 1943 1947  United Kingdom
Bristol Blenheim V 3
Lockheed Hudson III/VI 3 1943  ?  United States Interned during WWII
Hawker Hurricane IIB/IIC  ? 1943 1954  United Kingdom
Westland Lysander IIIA 13 1943 1952  United Kingdom
Vickers Wellington X 1 1943  ?  United Kingdom Interned during WWII
Airspeed Oxford 19 1943 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
Miles Magister I 10 1946 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
Beechcraft Bonanza 1 1947  ?  United States
Avro Anson T.1 10 1947 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
North American AT-6A Texan 48 1947 1952  United States Transferred to PoAF
North American AT-6B Texan
North American AT-6C Texan
North American AT-6G Texan
SB-17G Flying Fortress 5 1947 1960  United States Transferred to PoAF
Douglas C-54 Skymaster 9 1947 1978  United States Transferred to PoAF
SC-54/HC-54 Searchmaster 9 1947  ?  United States 3 used for spares
de Havilland DH-89A Dragon Rapide 1 1950 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk 10 1951 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
Piper PA-18/L-21 B Super Cub 22 1952 1955  United States Used by Army artillery for observation, already after dissolution of the Army Aviation and the creation of the PoAF in 1952. Transferred to PoAF only in 1955

Naval Aviation[edit]

The Navy's Aviação Naval (Naval Aviation) was created in 1917. In 1993, the Naval Aviation was reborn with the creation of the Esquadrilha de Helicópteros da Marinha (Navy's Helicopter Squadron), which operates the helicopters that serve on board the Navy's ships.

Aircraft Qty In service Retired Origin Notes
F.B.A. Type B 3 1917 1918
Donnet-Denhaut D.D.8 18 1918 1923  France Eight left by the French Aeronavale at Aveiro[10][11]
Tellier T.3 5 1918 1928
Georges Levy G.L.40HB-2 2 1918  ?  France Left by the French Aeronavale at Aveiro
Felixstowe F.3 3 1920 1922  United Kingdom
Curtiss HS-2L 4 1921 1931  United States Left by the United States Navy at Horta.
Started flying in 1923
Fairey IIID/IIID Mk.2 6 1922 1931  United Kingdom
Fokker T.IIIW 4 1924 1933  Netherlands
Avro 504K 3 1925 1927  United Kingdom The first wheel aircraft
C.A.M.S.37A 8 1927 1935 [12]
Hanriot HD.41H 8 1927 1935 [12]
Macchi M.18 9 1928 1934
de Havilland DH-60HG Gipsy Moth 8 1929 1942  United Kingdom Bought four directly from de Havilland.
Other four were built from parts after the loss of the first four in accidents
Fleet F-10 26 1933 1953 Several batches
Fleet F-10B
Fleet F-10G
Junkers K 43W 5 1933 1941  Germany
 Sweden
Manufactured in Sweden
Hawker Osprey III 8 1935 1942  United Kingdom
Blackburn Shark IIA 6 1936 1938  United Kingdom
G.A.L.Monospar S.T.12 1 1936 1943
Avro 626 12 1939 1950  United Kingdom
Grumman G-21B Goose 12 1940 1952  United States Transferred to PoAF
Grumman G-44 Widgeon 12 1941 1952  United States Transferred to PoAF
Short Sunderland I 1 1941 1944  United Kingdom Interned after force landing in Portugal due to storm
Fleet 16 5 1942  ?  United Kingdom
Miles Martinet T.T.1 4 1943 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
Airspeed Oxford II 12 1943 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
Bristol Blenheim IVF 12 1943  ?  United Kingdom
de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth 30 1943 1952  United Kingdom Transferred to PoAF
Bristol Beaufighter TF.X 17 1945 1946  United Kingdom [13]
Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan 7 1947 1952  United States Transferred to PoAF
Beechcraft D-18S 5 1948 1952  United States Transferred to PoAF
North American SNJ-4 8 1950 1952  United States Transferred to PoAF
Curtiss SB2C-4 Helldiver 14 1950 1952  United States Used only for spares
Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver 24 Transferred to PoAF
AgustaWestland Super Lynx Mk.95 5 1993  United Kingdom The first aircraft of the reborn Naval Aviation

Air Force[edit]

The Portuguese Air Force (PoAF) was founded in 1952 as the result of the amalgamate of the Aeronáutica Militar and Aviação Naval. With the merger many aircraft were transferred from these earlier aviation services to the Air Force, having been in service before 1952.

Aircraft Qty In service Retired Origin Notes
de Havilland DH-82 Tiger Moth 30(?) 1952 1954  United Kingdom
 Portugal
Received from Aeronáutica Militar and Aviação Naval
de Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth
Junkers Ju 52 12 1952 1972  Germany Received from Aeronáutica Militar[1][2]
Junkers Ju 52/3 mg3e
Amiot A.A.C.1 Toucan 15 1961  France
Miles Master II/III  ? 1952 1958  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
Miles Martinet T.T.1  ? 1952  ?  United Kingdom Received from Naval Aviation
Douglas C-47 Dakota 29 1952 1976  United States One aircraft received from Aeronáutica Militar in 1952. Remaining aircraft bought in 1958[9]
Hawker Hurricane IIB/IIC 151 1952 1954  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
Airspeed Oxford  ? 1952 1957  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
Airspeed Oxford II Received from Naval Aviation
Supermarine Spitfire VB  ? 1952  ?  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
Miles Magister I 8 1952 1956  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
Avro Anson T.1 10 1952  ?  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
North American AT-6 Texan 257 1952 1978  United States Received from Aeronáutica Militar
North American SNJ-4 Received from Naval Aviation
Harvard Mk III 1956  United States Former British Fleet Air Arm aircraft
North American T-6G Texan 1961  United States Former-French Air Force aircraft
Harvard Mk IV 1964  Canada Former-Luftwaffe aircraft
Harvard Mk IIA 1969 Former-South African Air Force aircraft
Harvard Mk III
SB-17G Flying Fortress 5 1952 1960  United States Received from Aeronáutica Militar[14]
Douglas C-54 Skymaster 8 1947 1952  United States Some received from Aeronáutica Militar[15]
SC-54/HC-54 Searchmaster 10 1952  ?  United States Received from Aeronáutica Militar[14]
de Havilland DH-89A Dragon Rapide 1 1952 1968  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk 10 1952 1997  United Kingdom Received from Aeronáutica Militar
66  Portugal Built under license by OGMA; As of 1997 six airframes refurbished
Grumman G-21B Goose 9 1952 1960  United States Received from Naval Aviation
Piper PA-18/L-21 B Super Cub 22 1955 1976  United States Received from the Portuguese Army Artillery arm
Piper PA-18/L-18 SL21A 5
Piper PA-18-125 Super Cub 1954
Grumman G-44 Widgeon 12 1952 1962  United States Received from Naval Aviation
Fleet F-10G 1 1952  ?  United States Received from Naval Aviation
Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan 6 1952 1977  United States First units received from Naval Aviation
Beechcraft D-18S 15
C-45 Expeditor 1959 1976
Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver 6 1952 1952  United States Received from Naval Aviation
Republic F-47D Thunderbolt 50 1952 1956  United States
Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star 28 1952 1991  United States
de Havilland Vampire T.55 2 1952 1962  United Kingdom [16][17][18]
PV-2C/D Harpoon 42 1953 1975  United States Only 34 flown
Republic F-84G Thunderjet 125 1953 1974  United States
Grumman SA-16A Albatross 3 1954 1962  United States [14]
Sikorsky UH-19A 2 1954 1960  United States First helicopter operated in Portugal.
Used only in search and rescue operations in Azores. Removed from service after an accident on October 4, 1959[14][19]
Sud Aviation Alouette II 7 1958 1976  France More received for the Portuguese Republican National Guard
North American F-86F Sabre 65 1958 1980  United States
Canadair T-33A-N Silver Star 5 1959 1960  Canada
Hunting Jet Provost 1 1959 1959  United Kingdom Received PoAF markings for demonstration but wasn't bought[20]
Lockheed RT-33A 2 1960 1982  United States
Lockheed P2V-5 Neptune 12 1960 1977  United States
Auster D.5/108&180 76 1960 1976  United Kingdom
Nord Noratlas N.2502 12 1960 1978  France [21]
Nord Noratlas N.2501D 18
Auster D.5/160 99 1961 1976  United Kingdom
 Portugal
84 built under license by OGMA
Dornier Do 27 A1/A3/A4/B1 146 1961 1979  Germany
Max Holste M.H.1521 Broussard 4 1961 1977  France
Douglas DC-6A 4 1961 1978  United States
Douglas DC-6B 6
Saunders-Roe Skeeter 10 1961 1961  United Kingdom Delivered in July from German Army Aviation Corps and German Navy stocks, never flew due to being non-airworthy and lack of spares to be rebuilt[22][23][24]
Cessna T-37C 30 1961 1992  United States [25][26]
Sud Aviation Alouette III SA 319 54 1963  France
B-26B Invader 7 1965 1975  United States [27][28]
B-26C Invader
Fiat G.91R/4 40 1965 1993  Italy
Cessna 310B 1 1969 1974  United States
Cessna 182C 1 1969  ?  United States
Sud Aviation SA-330C Puma 13 1969 2011  France Retired in 2006, re-entered service in 2008 in Azores, finally retired in 2011
Aérospatiale Puma SA-330S1 Puma 1971
Cessna 206 1 1969  ?  United States
Piper PA-32 Cherokee Six 4 1970 1974  United States
Cessna 401B 1 1971 1974  United States Used PoAF markings in special missions
Cessna 185A Skywagon 5 1971 1974  United States Received from South African Air Force
Boeing 707-3F5C 2 1971 1976  United States Transferred to TAP
CASA C-212-100 Aviocar 24 1974 2010  Spain Replaced by CASA C-295M[29]
Cessna Skymaster FTB-337G 32 1974 2007  United States
Fiat G.91R/3 70 1976 1993  Italy Only 34 flown, others were used for spares
Fiat G.91T/3 26 Only 11 flown
Northrop T-38A Tallon 12 1977 1994  United States
Lockheed C-130H Hercules 6 1977  United States
Lockheed C-130H-30 Hercules
Vought A-7P Corsair II 44 1981 1999  United States
Vought TA-7C Corsair II 1 1982 1984 One example (s/n 154404; c/n B-044), nicknamed "Pomba Branca" (white dove), leased from the USN for pilot conversion
Vought TA-7P Corsair II 6 1984 1999
Fournier RF-10 4 1984  France
Dassault Falcon 20 3 1984  France Currently only one in service
Lockheed P-3P Orion 6 1985 2011  United States Replaced by former-Dutch P-3C Update II.5/CUP-CG. One being used for crew training by CFMTFA.
Alexander Schleicher ASK 21 4 1986  Germany
Aérospatiale Epsilon TB-30 18 1989  France
 Portugal
Assembled in Portugal by OGMA
Dassault Falcon 50 2 1990  France
Dassault-Breguet/Dornier Alpha Jet A 50 1993  France
 Germany
Former-Luftwaffe aircraft, offered by Germany for the use of the Beja Air Base — BA11[30]
General Dynamics F-16A OCU Fighting Falcon 17 1994  United States Converted and updated to Mid Life Update (MLU) standard (F-16 AM) by the Air Force workshops at Monte Real Air Base and OGMA[31]
General Dynamics F-16B OCU Fighting Falcon 3
CASA C-212-300 Aviocar 2 1994 2011  Spain Replaced by C-295MPA
LET L-23 Blanik 3 1996  Czech Republic
de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk Lycoming engine 6 1997  United Kingdom
 Portugal
Refurbished from existing de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft
General Dynamics F-16A Fighting Falcon 21 1999  United States Updated to Mid Life Update (MLU) standard (F-16 AM) by the Air Force workshops at Monte Real Air Base and OGMA[31]
General Dynamics F-16B Fighting Falcon 4
Advanced Ceramics Research Silver Fox 2 2004  United States Used by the Portuguese Air Force Academy for research and development of aeronautical components and UAV systems[32]
AgustaWestland EH101 12 2005  United Kingdom
 Italy
Lockheed P-3C Update II.5/CUP-CG Orion 5 2006  United States Former-Dutch Navy aircraft. Receiving electronics upgrade to CUP+ standard
CASA C-295 12 2008  Spain [33]
ANTEX-M  ? 2008  Portugal Unmanned Air Vehicle prototype developed by the Portuguese Air Force Academy. At least four built and operated[32][34][35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Afonso and Gomes 2000, pp. 178–183.
  2. ^ a b "Junkers Ju 52". Esquadra 502. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  3. ^ "Portuguese Air Force use of the Gloster Gladiator during the Second World War". Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Spencer 2003, p. 10,12,46
  5. ^ Crawford 2002, p. 109-112
  6. ^ "P-38s with US Navy and Foreign Air Forces". 13 June 1999. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Public Record Office entry of 18 March 1943, quoted by "Wreckovery" in Aviation News, 10–23 August 1984.
  8. ^ "The P-400 / P-39L Airacobra". 25 October 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "The C-47 /DC-3 / Dakota". 25 October 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  10. ^ Revista da Armada 84, p. 11
  11. ^ Revista da Armada 347, p. 8
  12. ^ a b Revista da Armada 347, p. 9
  13. ^ Revista da Armada 355, p. 19
  14. ^ a b c d Mais Alto 348, p. 37
  15. ^ Roach 1991, p. 158
  16. ^ "Os nossos Vampiros e um outro que ... nem por isso... (M394-3RF/2010)". Pássaro de Ferro. 4 July 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  17. ^ "De Havilland Production List". Airport-data.com. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "De Havilland Vampires, North East Aircraft Museum (Britain)". North East Aircraft Museum. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "Portuguese Air Force H-19 9101". Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "Jet Provost heaven - history of the Jet Provost T.2". Jet Provost Heaven. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Noratlas". Esquadra 502. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  22. ^ Mais Alto 350
  23. ^ "Saunders Roe Skeeter". Helicopter History Site. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  24. ^ "Ferreira, Rui. Esquadra 552 Zangões - Em perigos e Guerras Esforçados". Walkarounds. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  25. ^ Mais Alto 401, p. 13
  26. ^ Mais Alto 401, p. 17
  27. ^ Hagedorn and Hellström 1994
  28. ^ "The Douglas B-26B/B-26C Invader". 20 October 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  29. ^ "C-212 Aviocar". Esquadra 502. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  30. ^ "Martins, Nuno (2009). A Luftwaffe em Portugal 1964-1993". Wakarounds. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  31. ^ a b F-16 Air Forces "Portugal :: F-16.net". F-16.net. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  32. ^ a b de Sousa, J. Borges; Gonçalves, G.; Costa, A.; Morgado, J. (March 13, 2010). "Mixed initiative control of unmanned air vehicle systems: the PITVANT R&D UAV program". FEUP/AFA. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  33. ^ "C-295M". Esquadra 502. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  (Portuguese)
  34. ^ Machado, Miguel (April 2, 2011). ""PITVANT": PRIMEIRO PASSO PARA UM UAV PORTUGUÊS?" ["PITVANT": First step for a Portuguese UAV?] (in Portuguese). Operacional. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  35. ^ Machado, Miguel (July 30, 2012). "SOBRE TERRA E SOBRE O MAR, OS UAV DA FORÇA AÉREA" [Over the land and over the sea, the UAVs of the Air Force] (in Portuguese). Operacional. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 

Sources[edit]