List of aircraft of Canada's air forces

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This is a list of aircraft of Canada's air forces.
Aircraft are listed for the following organizations:

This list only includes aircraft owned by the Canadian government, and excludes aircraft flown by Canadian pilots serving with the Royal Flying Corps, Royal Flying Corps Canada or Royal Air Force. From 1917 to November 1918 the British government funded and operated the Royal Flying Corps Canada (later Royal Air Force Canada) which trained aviators on the 1,210 Curtiss Canucks (approximately) built in Canada, 120 Curtiss JN-4s built in the US, as well as two Avro 504s and one Airco DH.6 built in Canada. In 1918 the Canadian government formed the Canadian Air Force in Europe which consisted of two wings integrated into the normal Royal Air Force command structure, equipped with Sopwith Dolphins, Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5as and Airco DH.9As supplied and owned by the RAF. It was disbanded in 1920. When the war ended some of these same types were offered to Canada as a part of the Imperial Gift, along with a batch of Fokker D.VIIs, which aside from some illicit flights were relegated primarily to storage and use as instructional airframes. Independently of the RCAF, the Royal Canadian Navy also operated aircraft.

Designations[edit]

During the First World War no official standards existed for the naming of aircraft and so all designations at this time were assigned solely by the original manufacturer and both numbers and names were used. From 1918, aircraft were given names based on a set of rules, and individual variants designated numerically as mark I, mark II, etc. as per RAF practice, including aircraft purchased from American sources. For more information on specifics of the system, see British military aircraft designation systems. Aircraft purchased from local sources often retained their original commercial names such as with the Barkley-Grow T8P-1 or the Waco AQC-6, particularly if purchased in small numbers, impressed or not purchased from the original manufacturer. CF-100 and CF-105 designations were Avro Canada internal company designations that preceded similar RCAF designations that became the basis for the Canadian Forces designations instituted in February 1968. In practice it is similar to that used by the US, but prefixed with C for "Canadian" and sequenced from 100. Numbers are assigned somewhat randomly, with no duplication between roles, with an attempt to match the US designation when possible. 102 and 103 were not used in the CF system, originally to avoid confusion with the Avro use of those numbers for the cancelled Avro Canada C-102 Jetliner and the Avro Canada CF-103 project.[1]

Aircraft listing[edit]

Name 1968 CF
designator
Place of
manufacture
Primary
role(s)
Service
period
#
used
Notes
Advanced Ceramics Research Silver Fox CU-167 UK UAV 2004–? 4+ [1][2]
AgustaWestland CH-149 Cormorant CH-149 UK/Italy Search and Rescue helicopter 2000–current 15 [3]
Airbus Polaris CC-150 France transport/tanker 1992–current 5 [4][note 1]
Airco DH.4 n/a UK bomber 1920–1928 12 [5]
Airco DH.9A n/a UK bomber 1920–1929 12 [5]
Airspeed Horsa n/a UK glider troop transport 1948–1950 3 [6]
Airspeed Oxford n/a UK trainer (navigation, bombing & radio) 1939–1947 819 [6]
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas n/a UK army co-operation 1927–1942 16 [6]
Armstrong Whitworth Siskin n/a UK fighter 1926–1940 12 [6]
Auster AOP6 & T7 n/a UK air observation post 1948–1958 42 [7]
Avro 504 n/a UK trainer 1920–1934 97 [7][note 2]
Avro 552 Viper n/a Canada forestry patrol 1924–1928 14 [7]
Avro Avian Mk.IVM n/a UK utility/trainer 1929–1936 29 [7]
Avro Tutor (Avro 621) n/a UK trainer 1931–1945 7 [7]
Avro Prefect (Avro 626) n/a UK trainer 1937–1945 12 [7]
Avro Anson n/a UK/Canada medium bomber/trainer 1940–1947 4413 [8]
Avro Lancaster n/a UK/Canada heavy bomber 1944–1965 229 [9]
Avro Lincoln n/a UK/Canada heavy bomber 1946–1947 3 [9]
Avro Wright n/a Canada forestry patrol 1925–1930 1 [7]
Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow CF-105 Canada interceptor 1958–1959 5 [9]
Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck CF-100 Canada interceptor 1951–1984 692 [4][9]
BAE Systems Hawk CT-155 UK advanced trainer 2000–current 22 [10]
Barkley-Grow T8P-1 n/a US transport 1939–1941 1 [9][note 3]
Beechcraft Expeditor CT-128 US utility/trainer 1941–1972 394 [11][12]
Beechcraft Harvard II CT-156 US elementary trainer 2000–current 26 [13]
Beechcraft King Air CT-145 US transport/trainer 1992–current 8 [12]
Beechcraft Mentor n/a US elementary trainer 1954–1956 25 [14]
Beechcraft Musketeer CT-134 US elementary trainer 1971–1992 46 [12]
Bell 47D & G n/a US utility helicopter 1948–1965 9 [14]
Bell Griffon CH-146 Canada utility helicopter 1994–current 100 [15]
Bell Iroquois CH-118 US/Canada utility helicopter 1968–current 10 [15]
Bell Jet Ranger CH-139 US utility helicopter 1981–1993 14 [15]
Bell Kiowa CH-136 US utility helicopter 1971–1997 74 [15]
Bell Twin Huey CH-135 US utility helicopter 1971–1999 50 [15]
Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker n/a US transport 1929–1944 13 [14]
Blackburn Shark Mk.II & III n/a UK torpedo bomber 1936–1944 26 [14]
Boeing 247D n/a US transport 1940–1942 8 [14][note 3]
Boeing CC-137 CC-137 US transport/tanker 1970–1997 5 [15][note 4]
Boeing Fortress Mk.II n/a US long-range patrol bomber 1943–1946 6 [14]
Boeing Globemaster III CC-177 US transport 2007–current 4 [16]
Boeing Insitu ScanEagle CU-169 US UAV 2008–current ? [1]
Boeing Stratojet n/a US bomber used as engine testbed 1956–1959 1 [14][note 5]
Boeing-Vertol Chinook CH-147 US transport helicopter 1974–1992 9 [15]
Boeing-Vertol Labrador & Voyageur CH-113 US Search and Rescue helicopter 1963–2004 18 [15][17]
Brewster Bermuda n/a US dive bomber 1943–1946 3 [14]
Bristol Beaufort n/a UK torpedo bomber/strike/minelayer 1941–1944 15 [18]
Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV n/a UK medium bomber/gunnery trainer 1941–1945 1 [14]
Bristol F.2B Fighter n/a UK fighter 1920–1922 2 [14]
Bristol Fairchild Bolingbroke n/a Canada bomber/trainer 1939–1947 626 [19][note 6]
Bristol Freighter n/a UK cargo 1952–1967 6 [18]
Burgess-Dunne n/a US reconnaissance 1914–1914 1 [18][note 7]
Canadair Argus CP-107 Canada maritime patrol 1957–1988 33 [18][20]
Canadair C-5 North Star n/a Canada VIP transport 1950–1967 1 [18]
Canadair CF-5 Freedom Fighter CF-116 Canada fighter/ground attack 1968–current 133 [20][note 8]
Canadair Challenger CC-144 Canada VIP transport/EW trainer/maritime patrol 1983–current 18 [20][21]
Canadair Cosmopolitan CC-109 Canada transport 1960–1994 13 [18][note 9][20]
Canadair Dynavert CX-131 Canada experimental VTOL tilt-wing 1969–1975 3 [20]
Canadair North Star n/a Canada transport 1947–1966 24 [18][note 10]
Canadair Sabre n/a Canada fighter 1950–1977 1184 [18][note 11][20]
Canadair Silver Star CT-133 Canada trainer/EW 1953–current 656 [18][note 12][22]
Canadair Starfighter CF-104 Canada fighter 1961–1988 200 [18][note 13][23]
Canadair Tutor CT-114 Canada trainer 1963–current 190 [18][23][note 14]
Canadair Yukon CC-106 Canada transport 1959–1971 12 [18][23]
Canadian Vickers Vancouver n/a Canada patrol flying boat 1929–1940 6 [24]
Canadian Vickers Vanessa n/a Canada utility/transport 1927–1927 1 [24][note 15]
Canadian Vickers Varuna n/a Canada patrol flying boat 1926–1930 8 [24]
Canadian Vickers Vedette n/a Canada patrol flying boat 1925–1941 44 [24][note 16]
Canadian Vickers Velos n/a Canada patrol floatplane 1927–1928 1 [24][note 15]
Canadian Vickers Vigil n/a Canada training/utility 1928–1930 1 [24]
Canadian Vickers Vista n/a Canada patrol flying boat 1927–1931 1 [24]
Cessna 182/L-182 CO-119 US utility 1961–1973 10 [24][25]
Cessna Bird Dog/L-19 CO-119 US utility/liaison 1954–1983 25 [24][25]
Cessna Crane n/a US trainer 1941–1949 826 [24]
Consolidated Catalina/Canso n/a US/Canada maritime patrol seaplane 1941–1962 254 [24]
Consolidated Courier n/a US utility 1928–1941 3 [24]
Consolidated Liberator n/a US maritime patrol 1943–1948 148 [24]
Consolidated Privateer n/a US maritime patrol 1946–1949 1 [24]
Curtiss Canuck n/a Canada trainer 1920–1923 10 [5]
Curtiss H-16 n/a US patrol flying boat 1922–1924 2 [5]
Curtiss HS-2L n/a US patrol flying boat 1920–1928 30 [5]
Curtiss Kittyhawk n/a US fighter 1941–1946 134 [5]
Curtiss Seamew n/a US utility floatplane 1943–1944 82 [5]
Curtiss Tomahawk n/a US fighter 1943–1946 4 [5]
Curtiss Warhawk n/a US fighter 1942–1943 9 [5]
Curtiss-Reid Rambler n/a Canada trainer/utility 1929–1954 9 [5][note 17]
Dassault Falcon CC-117 France VIP transport 1967–1989 8 [5][25]
de Havilland Comet n/a UK transport 1953–1965 2 [26][note 18]
de Havilland Dragonfly n/a UK transport 1940–1945 6 [26]
de Havilland Fox Moth n/a Canada transport 1941–1945 1 [26]
de Havilland Genet Moth n/a UK role 1928–1932 2 [5]
de Havilland Hawk Moth n/a UK transport 1929–1935 3 [5]
de Havilland Menasco Moth n/a Canada trainer 1941–1947 136 [5]
de Havilland Mosquito n/a UK/Canada bomber/fighter-bomber 1943–1951 444 [26]
De Havilland Moth n/a UK trainer 1928–1948 89 [5]
de Havilland Puss Moth n/a UK transport 1931–1944 19 [5]
de Havilland Sea Hornet n/a UK fighter 1948–1948 1 [26][note 15]
de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth n/a Canada trainer 1938–1948 1410 [5]
de Havilland Vampire n/a UK fighter 1946–1958 86 [26]
de Havilland Canada Buffalo CC-115 Canada transport 1967–current 15 [26][27]
de Havilland Canada Caribou CC-108 Canada transport 1960–1971 9 [25][26]
de Havilland Canada Chipmunk CT-120 Canada elementary trainer 1948–1972 100 [26][28]
de Havilland Canada Dash 7 CC-132 Canada transport 1979–1987 2 [28]
De Havilland Canada Dash-8 CT-142 Canada transport/trainer 1989–current 6 [28]
de Havilland Canada Otter CSR-123 Canada transport 1953–1984 69 [26][28]
de Havilland Canada Twin Otter CC-138 Canada transport 1971–current 9 [28]
Douglas Boston n/a US bomber 1941–1945 3 [29]
Douglas Dakota CC-129 US transport 1943–1990 169 [29][30]
Douglas Digby n/a US bomber 1939–1946 20 [29]
Douglas MO-2B n/a US utility/patrol 1927–1930 1 [26]
EADS Eagle 1 CU-160 Netherlands UAV 2003–2003 1 [1]
Elbit Skylark CU-168 Israel UAV 2006–current 5 [1]
Fairchild 51 & 51A n/a US/Canada transport 1930–1946 9 [29][note 19]
Fairchild 71, 71B & 71C n/a US/Canada transport 1929–1942 23 [29]
Fairchild Argus n/a US utility 1940–1945 2 [29]
Fairchild Cornell n/a US elementary trainer 1942–1948 1555 [31]
Fairchild FC-2, 2L & 2W n/a US/Canada transport 1927–1938 27 [29]
Fairchild KR-34 n/a US utility 1930–1936 1 [29]
Fairchild Super 71 n/a Canada transport 1936–1940 2 [29]
Fairchild Flying Boxcar n/a US transport 1952–1967 35 [31]
Fairey IIIC & IIIF n/a UK bomber 1920–1930 2 [31]
Fairey Albacore n/a UK torpedo bomber 1943–1949 6 [31]
Fairey Battle n/a UK bomber/trainer/target tug 1939–1946 740 [31]
Fairey Swordfish Mk.II & III n/a UK torpedo bomber 1943–1947 105 [31]
Felixstowe F.3 n/a UK patrol flying boat 1921–1923 11 [31]
Fleet Fawn n/a Canada elementary trainer 1931–1947 51 [31]
Fleet Finch n/a Canada elementary trainer 1939–1947 431 [32]
Fleet Fort n/a Canada intermediate/radio trainer 1941–1945 101 [32]
Fleet Freighter n/a Canada transport 1942–1944 2 [32]
Fokker Super Universal n/a US transport 1929–1929 1 [32]
Ford 6-AT Trimotor n/a US transport 1929–1937 1 [32]
General Aircraft Hotspur Mk.II n/a UK training glider 1942–1945 22 [32]
General Atomics Altair CU-163 US UAV 2004–2004 1? [1]
Gloster Meteor n/a UK fighter 1945–1955 4 [32][note 15]
Grumman Albatross CSR-110 US Search and Rescue amphibian 1960–1971 10 [30][32]
Grumman Goblin n/a US/Canada fighter 1940–1942 15 [32][note 20]
Grumman Goose n/a US utility amphibian 1938–1956 31 [32]
Grumman Tracker CP-121 Canada carrier-borne ASW 1968–1994 72 [32][33]
Handley Page Hampden n/a UK bomber 1941–1944 96 [32]
Handley Page Harrow n/a UK bomber/transport 1940–1941 2 [32]
Handley Page Halifax n/a UK heavy bomber 1944–1947 5 [34]
Hawker Audax n/a UK army cooperation 1933–1943 6 [34]
Hawker Hart n/a UK bomber 1937–1943 3 [34]
Hawker Hind n/a UK instructional airframe 1942–1943 4 [34]
Hawker Hurricane n/a UK/Canada fighter 1939–1948 502 [34][note 21]
Hawker Sea Hurricane n/a UK fighter 1942–1943 1 [34]
Hawker Tempest Mk.VI n/a UK fighter 1946–1947 1 [34]
Hawker Tomtit n/a UK trainer 1930–1943 2 [34]
Hiller Nomad CH-112 US utility helicopter 1961–1973 27 [34][35]
IAI Heron CU-170 Israel UAV 2008–current 2+ [1]
Keystone Puffer n/a US crop duster/utility 1927–1934 2 [34]
Lockheed Arcturus CP-140A US training/reconnaissance 1992–current 3 [35]
Lockheed Aurora CP-140 US maritime patrol 1980–current 18 [35]
Lockheed Electra n/a US transport 1939–1946 15 [34]
Lockheed Electra Junior n/a US transport 1940–1945 10 [34]
Lockheed Hercules CC-130 US transport 1960–current 61 [35][36][37]
Lockheed Hudson n/a US bomber 1939–1948 247 [34]
Lockheed Lodestar n/a US transport 1943–1948 18 [36]
Lockheed Model 212 n/a US transport 1940–1946 1 [34]
Lockheed Neptune CP-122 US maritime patrol 1955–1970 25 [36][38]
Lockheed Shooting Star/Silver Star n/a US trainer 1951–1955 31 [18][note 22]
Lockheed Starfighter CF-104 US fighter 1962–1986 39 [18][39]
Lockheed Starlifter CC-141 US transport cancelled 0 [1]
Lockheed Ventura n/a US maritime patrol/target tug 1942–1947 286 [36]
Martin Baltimore n/a US bomber 1942–1942 1 [36]
Martinsyde F6 n/a UK fighter 1922–1925 1 [36]
MBB/Kawasaki BK 117 CH-143 Germany/Japan utility helicopter 1989–1990 1 [40]
McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet CF-188 US fighter 1982–current 138 [38]
McDonnell Voodoo CF-101 US interceptor 1963–1990 66 [36][38]
Meggitt Vindicator II CU-162 UK UAV ?–? ? [1]
Mil Mi-17 CH-178 Russia transport helicopter 2010–current 4 [1]
Noorduyn Norseman n/a Canada utility transport 1940–1957 100 [36]
North American AT-6D Texan n/a US advanced trainer 1951–1954 100 [41]
North American Harvard n/a US/Canada advanced trainer 1939–1968 2156 [38][42]
North American Mitchell n/a US bomber 1942–1963 164 [41]
North American Mustang Mk.IV n/a US fighter 1947–1961 130 [41]
North American NA-26 n/a US trainer 1940–1942 1 [36]
North American NA-44 n/a US fighter/utility 1940–1944 1 [36][note 23]
North American Sabre n/a US fighter 1951–1953 1 [18][note 24]
North American Yale n/a US intermediate/radio trainer 1940–1946 119 [41]
Northrop Delta n/a Canada transport/patrol 1936–1945 20 [41][note 25]
Northrop Nomad n/a US light bomber 1940–1945 32 [41]
Percival Prentice n/a UK trainer 1948–1948 1 [41]
Piasecki H-21A CH-125 US utility/rescue helicopter 1954–1973 18 [17][43]
Piasecki Model 44A CH-127 US utility/rescue helicopter 1960–1972 5 [17][43]
Pitcairn Mailwing n/a US utility 1928–1932 1 [41]
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a n/a UK fighter 1920–1929 12 [41]
SAGEM Sperwer CU-161 France UAV 2003–current 31 [1]
Schweizer 2-12 n/a US training glider 1946–1949 2 [41]
Sikorsky Cyclone (S-92) CH-148 US anti-submarine warfare helicopter not delivered 0 [1]
Sikorsky H-5 (S-51) n/a US utility/rescue helicopter 1947–1965 7 [17]
Sikorsky H-19 (S-55) n/a US utility/transport helicopter 1954–1985 15 [17][43]
Sikorsky H-34 (S-58) CH-126 US utility/transport helicopter 1955–1973 6 [17][43]
Sikorsky Sea King (S-61) CH-124 US Anti-submarine helicopter 1968–current 40 [17][43][note 26]
Slingsby Firefly CT-111 UK trainer 1992–current 12 [43][note 27]
Sopwith Camel n/a UK fighter 1924–1929 10 [17]
Sopwith Snipe n/a UK fighter 1919–1923 3 [17]
Stearman Kaydet (Model 75) n/a US elementary trainer 1942–1943 301 [17]
Stinson Voyager (Model 105) n/a US utility 1940–1946 25 [17]
Supermarine Spitfire n/a UK fighter 1940–1950 8 [17]
Supermarine Stranraer n/a Canada patrol seaplane 1938–1946 40 [17][note 28]
Supermarine Walrus n/a UK fleet spotter/utility amphibian 1943–1947 8 [17]
Vickers Viking Mk.IV n/a UK patrol amphibian 1923–1931 8 [44]
Waco AQC-6 n/a US utility 1942–1942 1 [44][note 3]
Waco CG-15A n/a US transport glider 1946–1950 1 [44]
Waco Hadrian Mk.II n/a US transport glider 1944–1949 32 [44]
Waco PG-2A n/a US transport 1946–1947 1 [44][note 29]
Westland Lysander n/a UK/Canada army co-operation/target tug 1939–1946 329 [44][note 28]
Westland Wapiti n/a UK army co-operation 1930–1944 25 [44]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Airbus A310-304/304F
  2. ^ 2 examples built in Canada during World War I
  3. ^ a b c Impressed
  4. ^ Boeing 707-347C
  5. ^ loaned from USAF for Arrow engine development
  6. ^ Canadian variant of Bristol Blenheim
  7. ^ Canada's first military aircraft
  8. ^ Northrop F-5 built under licence
  9. ^ modified Convair CV-240.
  10. ^ Douglas C-54 re-engined with Merlins
  11. ^ improved F-86
  12. ^ improved T-33 trainer, retired from flying 2002.
  13. ^ modified F-104G
  14. ^ in active service with 431 squadron as of 2014
  15. ^ a b c d trials/evaluation only
  16. ^ first aircraft designed for Canadian conditions
  17. ^ last example used as an instructional airframe until 1954
  18. ^ RCAF was first military to operate jet transports
  19. ^ some converted from FC-2
  20. ^ Canadian-built Grumman G-23.
  21. ^ 451 built in Canada
  22. ^ Built in Canada as the Canadair Silver Star.
  23. ^ two seat attack variant of Harvard with larger engine.
  24. ^ Pattern aircraft for Canadair Sabre production.
  25. ^ first all metal aircraft built in Canada.
  26. ^ ex-Royal Canadian Navy CHSS-2.
  27. ^ Leased aircraft, designation may not be official.
  28. ^ a b built in Canada under license.
  29. ^ powered Waco Hadrian glider.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Walker, R.R. Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers CAF February 1968 to present retrieved: 21 January 2014
  2. ^ Canadian Forces Purchases Mini UAV System accessdate:June 2014
  3. ^ Walker, R.R. CH-149 Cormorant detailed list accessdate: 21 January 2014
  4. ^ a b Griffin, 2005, p.12
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Griffin, 1969, p.9
  6. ^ a b c d Griffin, 1969, p.3
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Griffin, 1969, p.4
  8. ^ Griffin, 1969, p.4-5
  9. ^ a b c d e Griffin, 1969, p.5
  10. ^ Walker, R.R. CT-155 Hawk detailed list retrieved: 21 January 2014
  11. ^ Griffin, 1969, p.5-6
  12. ^ a b c Griffin, 2005, p.13
  13. ^ Walker, R.R. CT-156 Harvard II detailed list accessdate: 21 January 2014
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Griffin, 1969, p.6
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Griffin, 2005, p.14
  16. ^ Walker, R.R. Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers, Canadian Armed Forces CC-177 Globemaster detailed list Retrieved: 21 January 2014
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Griffin, 1969, p.17
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Griffin, 1969, p.7
  19. ^ Griffin, 1969, p.6-7
  20. ^ a b c d e f Griffin, 2005, p.15
  21. ^ Walker, R.R. Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers, Canadian Armed Forces CC-144 Challenger detailed list 2006. Retrieved: 21 January 2014
  22. ^ Griffin, 2005, p.16
  23. ^ a b c Griffin, 2005, p.17
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Griffin, 1969, p.8
  25. ^ a b c d Griffin, 2005, p.18
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Griffin, 1969, p.10
  27. ^ Walker, R.R. CAF Buffalos detailed list accessdate: 21 January 2014
  28. ^ a b c d e Griffin, 2005, p.19
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i Griffin, 1969, p.11
  30. ^ a b Griffin, 2005, p.20
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h Griffin, 1969, p.12
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Griffin, 1969, p.13
  33. ^ Griffin, 2005, pp.20-21
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Griffin, 1969, p.14
  35. ^ a b c d Griffin, 2005, p.21
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Griffin, 1969, p.15
  37. ^ Walker, R.R. CC-130 Hercules detailed list accessdate: 21 January 2014
  38. ^ a b c d Griffin, 2005, p.22
  39. ^ Griffin, 2005, p.16-17
  40. ^ Walker, R.R. CH-143 detailed list accessdate: 21 January 2014
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Griffin, 1969, p.16
  42. ^ Griffin, 1969, p.15-16
  43. ^ a b c d e f Griffin, 2005, p.23
  44. ^ a b c d e f g Griffin, 1969, p.18

Bibliography[edit]

  • Greenhous, Brereton; Halliday, Hugh A. Canada's Air Forces, 1914 - 1999. Montreal: Editions Art Global and the Department of National Defence, 1999. ISBN 2-920718-72-X.
  • Griffin, John A. Canadian Military Aircraft Serials & Photographs 1920 - 1968. Ottawa: Queen's Printer, Publication No. 69-2, 1969.
  • Griffin, John A., Robert H. Smith and Kenneth D. Castle, Canadian Military Aircraft: Aircraft of the Canadian Armed Forces; Serials and Photographs, 1968-1998. Vanwell Publishing, St. Catherines, Ontario, 2005. ISBN 9781551250892
  • Hunt, C. W. Dancing in the Sky: The Royal Flying Corps in Canada. Toronto, Ont.; Tonawanda, NY : Dundurn Press. 2009. ISBN 9781550028645.
  • Kostenuk, S. and J. Griffin. RCAF Squadron Histories and Aircraft: 1924–1968. Toronto: Samuel Stevens, Hakkert & Company, 1977. ISBN 0-88866-577-6.
  • Milberry, Larry. Sixty Years - The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924 - 1984. Toronto: Canav Books, 1984. ISBN 0-9690703-4-9.
  • Molson, Ken M. and Harold A. Taylor. Canadian Aircraft Since 1909. Stittsville, Ontario: Canada's Wings, Inc., 1982. ISBN 0-920002-11-0.
  • R. W. R. Walker Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers url: http://www.rwrwalker.ca/ accessdate: January 2014.
  • Roberts, Leslie. There Shall Be Wings. Toronto: Clark, Irwin and Co. Ltd., 1959. No ISBN.
  • Royal Flying Corps in Canada