List of airline holding companies

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This is a list of airline holding companies, that either own more than one airline or are the parent company of a single airline.

A company or firm in which the holding company owns a significant portion of voting shares, usually 20–50% or a "minority of share ownership", is known as an associate company. A company in which the holding company owns more than 50% voting shares or a "majority of share ownership" is known as a subsidiary. The holding company thus can also be referred to as the parent company at that stage.

To create the world's largest carrier, American Airlines and US Airways have merged on 9 December 2013, announced on 14 February 2013. The frequent flier programs is expected to be combined at a later date, and the airlines will codeshare in February 2014 using the American flight number. US Airways will exit the Star Alliance on 30 March 2014 and enter Oneworld alliance the day after, a single operating certificate would be delivered at the end of 2015.[1]

Africa[edit]

EgyptAir Holding Company
EgyptAirEgyptAir CargoEgyptAir Express

Asia; Central, Far East, South, and Southwest[edit]

All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd. B
Air CentralAir JapanAir NextAir NipponAll Nippon AirwaysANA & JP Express
China Airlines Group
China AirlinesMandarin Airlines
China Southern Air Holding
China Southern AirlinesChongqing Airlines
Evergreen Group
Eva AirUni Air
Guangdong Development Bank
Jade Cargo InternationalKunpeng AirlinesShenzhen Airlines
Hanjin Group
Korean AirJin Air
HNA Group
Chang'an AirlinesChina Xinhua AirlinesHainan AirlinesShanxi Airlines
Japan Airlines Corporation
JALJALwaysJAL ExpressJ-AirJapan Air Commuter
National Aviation Company of India Limited
Air IndiaAir India ExpressAir India RegionalIndian Airlines
Swire Group
Air Hong KongCathay Pacific AirwaysDragonair
Kumho Asiana Group
Asiana AirlinesAir Busan (49%)
Tailwinds Limited
Jet AirwaysJetLite

:B:^ ANA will become a holding company effective 1 April 2013.

Australia, Oceania, and Southeast Asia[edit]

AirAsia Berhad
AirAsiaAirAsia XThai AirAsiaIndonesia AirAsia
Garuda Indonesia Group
Garuda IndonesiaCitilink
Lion Group
Lion AirBatik AirWings AirMalindoThai Lion Air
PAL Holdings, Inc.
Philippine AirlinesPAL Express
Penerbangan Malaysia Berhad
FireflyMASWingsMalaysia Airlines
Qantas Airways Limited
Majority Holdings:
JetconnectJetstar AirwaysQantas
Minority Holdings:
Jetstar Asia Airways
Singapore Airlines Limited
Majority Holdings:
Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo (SQ)SilkAir (MI)Scoot
Minority Holdings:
Tiger Airways Holdings Limited - TigerairTigerair Australia (34.4%)
Tiger Airways Holdings Limited
TigerairTigerair AustraliaTigerair MandalaTigerair Taiwan
Vietnam Airlines Corporation
Vietnam AirlinesVietnam Air Service CompanyCambodia Angkor Air*
Virgin Blue Holdings Limited
Majority Holdings:
Pacific Blue Airlines (100%) • V Australia (100%) • Virgin Australia (100%)
Minority Holdings:
Polynesian Blue (49%)

Europe[edit]

Air Berlin (Group) PLC
Majority Holdings:
Air BerlinLTU International
Minority Holdings:
Belair (49%) • Niki (49.9%)
Air France-KLM SA
Majority Holdings:

Air FranceRégionalBrit AirKLMKLM CityhopperMartinairTransavia.comCityJetVLM AirlinesHOP!

Minority Holdings:
Airlinair (19,5%) • Air Calédonie (2%) • Air Mauritius (5%) • Air Tahiti (7%) • Compagnia Aerea Italiana (7.08%) • CCM Airlines (12%) • Kenya Airways (26%) • Royal Air Maroc (3%)
Air Greenland
Minority Holdings:
Norlandair (25%)
Cirrus Group Holding
Augsburg AirwaysCirrus Airlines
Compagnia Aerea Italiana
AlitaliaAlitalia ExpressAir OneAir One CityLinerVolare Airlines
Deutsche Post World Net
Aero Express Del EcuadorDHL Aero ExpresoDHL Air UKDHL de GuatemalaEuropean Air TransportSNAS/DHL
TAP Group
PortugáliaPGA ExpressTAP Portugal
Icelandair Group
Air IcelandBluebird CargoIcelandairLoftleiðir IcelandicSmartLynx Airlines
International Airlines Group
Majority Holdings:
• Iberia Group • British AirwaysVueling AirlinesBMIBmibaby
Minority Holdings:
Comair (18%) • Flybe (15%)
Lufthansa AG
Majority Holdings:
Air DolomitiAustrian AirlinesBrussels AirlinesGermanwingsLufthansa Airlines, Lufthansa Cargo, Lufthansa CityLine, Lufthansa ItaliaSwiss International Air LinesEdelweiss AirSunExpress (50% with Turkish Airlines)
Minority Holdings:
Eurowings (49%) • JetBlue Airways (19%) • Jade Cargo International (25%) • Luxair (13%) • Ukraine International Airlines (22,52%)
SAS Group
Majority Holdings:
Blue1Scandinavian AirlinesScandinavian Airlines DenmarkScandinavian Airlines NorwayScandinavian Airlines SwedenWiderøe
Minority Holdings:
Air Greenland (37.5%) • Estonian Air (10%) • Skyways Express (25%)
TUI AG, TUI Travel PLC
TUIFly ( - ), TUIfly (Germany)TUIFly ( - ), Arkefly - Corsairfly - Jetairfly - Thomson Airways - TUIfly Nordic
Note: all of the preceding airlines are presently being merged into two main groups, and will simply be named TUIFly, and one of which will be partially owned and presided over by a Lufthansa Holding company.
Turkish Airlines
AnadoluJetSunExpress (50% with Lufthansa)
Straumur-Burdaras Investment Bank
XL Airways GermanyXL Airways France
Virgin Group
Majority Holdings:
Virgin Atlantic Airways
Minority Holdings:
AirAsia X (20%) • VAI Partners LLC (Virgin America) (25%) • Virgin Blue Holdings Limited (25%) • Virgin Nigeria Airways Limited (49%)

North America[edit]

ACE Aviation Holdings Inc.
Majority Holdings:
Air Canada
Minority Holdings:
US Airways Group - Piedmont Airlines • PSA Airlines • US Airways (6.1%)
Air Transport Services Group
ABX AirAir Transport InternationalCapital Cargo International Airlines
Alaska Air Group
Alaska AirlinesHorizon Air
American Airlines Group
Majority Holdings:
American AirlinesEnvoyPiedmont AirlinesPSA AirlinesUS Airways
Minority Holdings:
(10%) Mesa Air Group Mesa Airlines
Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings, Inc.
Majority Holdings:
Atlas Air (100%) • Polar Air Cargo (51%)
Minority Holdings:
Global Supply Systems (49%)
Citigroup
AeroMéxicoAeroMéxico Connect
Copa Holdings S.A.
AeroRepúblicaCopa Airlines
Delta Air Lines, Inc.
Delta Air LinesEndeavor Air
Minority Holdings:
Virgin Atlantic holding company (49%) • Gol Linhas Aereas Inteligentes (6.15%)
Major Former Airline Holdings:
ComairPinnacle Airlines
Hoth Inc.
Era Alaska - Era AviationEra Alaska - Frontier AlaskaArctic Circle Air
MatlinPatterson Global Advisors
Majority Holdings:
Global Aviation Holdings, North American Airlines
Major Former Airline Holdings:
Arrow AirATA AirlinesWorld Airways
Minority Former Airline Holdings:
VarigVarigLogistica
Pacific Air Holdings
Pacific WingsGeorgiaSkiesKentuckySkiesNew Mexico AirlinesTennesseeSkies
Republic Airways Holdings
Chautauqua AirlinesFrontier AirlinesRepublic AirlinesShuttle America
Saltchuk Resources
Aloha Air CargoNorthern Air Cargo
Atlantic Southeast AirlinesExpressJet AirlinesSkyWest Airlines
Southwest Airlines Co.
AirTran AirwaysSouthwest Airlines
Trans States Holdings
Compass AirlinesGoJet AirlinesTrans States Airlines
United Continental Holdings
Continental AirlinesContinental MicronesiaUnited Airlines
Wexford Capital Republic Airways Holdings
Majority Holdings:
Chautauqua AirlinesLynx AviationRepublic AirlinesShuttle America
Major Former Airline Holdings:
Midwest Airlines

South and Central America[edit]

Synergy Aerospace Corp.[2]
Majority Holdings:
• (66%) AviancaTaca Holding S.A. - Avianca S.A.TACA International Airlines S.A.
• (100%) Avianca S.A. - SAM S.A.Tampa CargoVarigLogOceanAirVIP S.A.AeroGalCapital AirlinesHelicol S.A.TurbServ
Kingsland Holding Ltd.
Minority Holdings:
• (34%) AviancaTaca Holding S.A. - Avianca S.A.TACA International Airlines S.A.Volaris (25%)
• (100%) TACA International Airlines S.A. - TACA RegionalTACA PerúLACSAAeroman
LATAM Airlines Group
Majority Holdings:
LAN ArgentinaLAN CargoLAN ChileLAN EcuadorLAN ExpressLAN PerúLAN Colombia
ABSA Cargo AirlineLANCOMasAirTAM Linhas Aéreas S.ATAM Airlines
  • Grupo Áurea
Gol Transportes Aéreos
Tenedora K (Grupo Industrial Omega, Grupo Arizan) [3]
MexicanaMexicanaClickMexicanaLink

Notes[edit]

References[edit]