List of airlines of Indonesia
There are two types of AOC in Indonesia, AOC 121 and AOC 135. AOC 121 is for commercial scheduled airlines with more than 30 passengers. AOC 135 is for commercial scheduled airlines with 30 or less passengers and chartered airlines. There are 22 AOC 121 holders and 32 AOC 135 holders.
By January 12, 2012 all Indonesian scheduled airlines have to operate with at least 10 aircraft where a minimum of 5 aircraft should be owned. The Ministry of Transport has the right to withdraw their operating certificate in case they do not comply with this regulation (Law Number 1 Year 2009 about Air Transport). The application of the regulation has been postponed for one year, while in the postponed time the airlines should give a business plan and a contract letter for the leasing aircraft for at least one year ahead.
The safety-related ban on Indonesian airlines fly to European Union countries has been partially lifted since 2009 with Garuda Indonesia, Airfast Indonesia, Mandala Airlines, Express Transportasi Antarbenua, Indonesia AirAsia and Batavia Air being taken off the list. On April 21, 2011 the EU lifted the ban of Cardig Air, Republic Express, Asia Link and Air Maleo - all being cargo carriers. The ban had been imposed after a string of accidents
- Green, more than 80 percent (The only airlines in this category, Garuda Indonesia by 84.36 percent)
- Yellow, 70 to 80 percent (Indonesian Air Asia with 71.09 percent and Batavia air with 72.08 percent, both have tend to fall back)
- Red, below 70 percent (The airlines in this category will be suspended for several aircraft until go up to Yellow category, Lion Air in the previous time and in this period was 66.78 percent, and is followed by Merpati Airlines with 68.43 percent and Sriwijaya Air with 69.87 percent)
Cancelled flights for period January to November 2011 remain high for Merpati Airlines with 9.21 percent and is followed by Sriwijaya Air with 4.11 percent cancellation. 60 percent routes or 26 routes of Merpati Airlines was pioneer routes in the remote areas with limited airport facilities and depended on good weathers.
Since January 1, 2012 the airlines have to give a Rp300,000 ($33) voucher to each passenger as compensation for a delayed flight of more than 4 hours and the voucher should be able to be disbursed on that day or on the following day, but bad weather or operational and technical problems, such as refueling delays or a damaged runway are extempted from this requirement. For flights diverted to other destinations the airlines have to make all necessary arrangements to get the passengers to their original destinations plus Rp.150,000 compensation. Any flight cancellations must be made 7 days prior to a flight and passengers will receive a full refund and cancelled within 7 days of departure, the airlines have to pay compensation equal to the value of the ticket on top of the full refund. Batavia Air was the first airline which delay more than 4 hours of Palangkaraya-Surabaya route due to operational problem in January 2, 2011. The airlines should pay totally Rp42 million ($4,242) compensation to all passengers.
Scheduled Commercial Airlines
|Hub Airport(s)||Notes||IOSA (IATA)||EASA (EU)||IASA (FAA)|
|EastIndo||ESD||EASTINDO||6||Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport||AOC 135||NO||NO||YES|
|Nusantara Buana Air||3||Polonia International Airport
Sultan Iskandarmuda Airport
|Premiair||7||PT Ekspres Transportasi Antarbenua
|Sabang Merauke Raya Air Charter||SMC||SAMER||4||Polonia International Airport||AOC 135||NO||NO||YES|
|Transwisata Prima Aviation||6||AOC 135||NO||NO||YES|
|Air Born Indonesia||6||Sultan Aji Muhamad Sulaiman Airport||AOC 135||NO||NO||YES|
|Hub Airport||Notes||IOSA (IATA)||EASA (EU)||IASA (FAA)|
|Cardig Air||8F||CAD||2||Soekarno-Hatta International Airport||AOC 121||NO||NO||YES|
|Manunggal Air Services||2||Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport||AOC 121||NO||NO||YES|
|Papua Indonesia Air System||NO||NO||NO|
|Republic Express Airlines||RPH||PUBLIC EXPRESS||1||NO||NO||YES|
|Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines||GY||TMG||TRILINES||5||Soekarno-Hatta International Airport||AOC 121||NO||NO||YES|
Accidents and incidents
After major accident of Adam Air in January 2007 which killed all 102 people on board, there were no major accidents up to November 8, 2011. Up to November 8, 2011 year to date, there were 11 accidents, 16 serious incidents and 9 incidents. An accident as aircraft crash that result in death, a serious incident is defined as inflicting injury and when no injury was called an incident. 52 percent of all the aircraft accidents between 2007 and 2010 were caused by human error mainly when passed over mountainous area.
To make better airlines environment, Transportation Ministry has released Permenhub No. 45/2015 in February 2015 about Persyaratan Kepemilikan Modal (Capital Requirements), which mentioned that for new airlines should have Rp300 billion capital paid for each airplane with maximum 70 seats capacity to be schedulled airline, Rp500 billion for more than 70 seats capacity, and for non-schedulled Rp150 billion of maximum 70 seats capacity. For existing airlines the capital requirements should be fulfilled at last in 2018.
The authourity will also strict the implementation of each airlines which should deliver their last year audited financial statement by registered public accountant not more than 14 April of the current year.
- (Indonesian) AOC 121 & 135 definition
- "Maskapai Didealine Setahun, Syarat Kepemilikan Pesawat". January 4, 2012.
- "January 7, 2011 - Three airlines get red reports for many delays".
- "Airlines to pay compensation for delays". December 28, 2011.
- "Batavia Air Bayar Kompensasi Delay Rp42 Juta". January 3, 2012.
- List AOC 135
- List AOC 121
- "Human error blamed for air crashes". November 9, 2011.
- Bekti (March 5, 2015). "Izin Usaha Udara Dibuat Online: Maskapai Diminta Segera Serahkan Laporan Keuangan".
- (English) (Indonesian) Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) the CAA of Indonesia
- ICAO 8585 from Eurocontrol