List of airports in Greenland

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Map of Greenland

This is a list of airports in Greenland, grouped by type and sorted by location.

Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat, Danish: Grønland) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark).

Since January 2009, Greenland has been divided into four municipalities: Kujalleq, Qaasuitsup, Qeqqata, and Sermersooq. The large Northeast Greenland National Park is not part of any municipality (unincorporated). The Thule Air Base (Pituffik), located as an enclave within Qaasuitsup municipality, is also an unincorporated area and does not belong to any municipality.

Previously, Greenland consisted of three counties (amt): Kitaa/Vestgrønland (West Greenland), Tunu/Østgrønland (East Greenland) and Avannaa/Nordgrønland (North Greenland). Kitaa had 15 municipalities; Tunu had two municipalities and Avannaa had one municipality.

Air travel is extremely important in Greenland, since there are generally no roads between settlements, and distances are long. Boat travel is the main alternative, but the travel time is long by boat.

History[edit]

See also: Air Greenland

The first airports in Greenland were built by and for the United States defense. The first and main one was Kangerlussuaq Airport in 1941. They were initially not used for civilian travel, and they were in general not located near the local major settlement making them less useful for civilian travel. In the early 1960s, Air Greenland was founded, starting flights between the air bases, and helicopter and water plane flights to the settlements. SAS operated the connection from Denmark to Kangerlussuaq (beginning 1954 as a fuel stop to the United States), taken over by Air Greenland after year 2000.

Beginning with Nuuk Airport in 1979, several short runway airports were built.

Airports[edit]

Many locations in Greenland have Danish names in addition to their Greenlandic names. The Danish name, where applicable, is shown in italics. ICAO location identifiers link to pages from AIP Greenland. Airport or heliport names shown in bold indicate the facility has scheduled passenger service on a commercial airline.

Several of the airports are not located near the local major settlement (since they were built as US air bases), so a helicopter transfer is often needed by most passengers to some airports. Airports with very small population reachable by road include Kangerlussuaq Airport, Kulusuk Airport, Narsarsuaq Airport, Nerlerit Inaat Airport and Qaarsut Airport. All 14 civil airports and 46 helipads in Greenland are operated by the state-owned enterprise Greenland Airport Authority.

Location served Municipality ICAO IATA Airport name
ZZ AD 2 AERODROMES [1] ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ
Aasiaat (Egedesminde) Qaasuitsup BGAA JEG Aasiaat Airport
Ilulissat (Jakobshavn) Qaasuitsup BGJN JAV Ilulissat Airport
Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund) Sermersooq BGCO CNP Nerlerit Inaat Airport (Constable Pynt Airport)
Kangerlussuaq (Søndre Strømfjord) Qeqqata BGSF SFJ Kangerlussuaq Airport
Kulusuk Sermersooq BGKK KUS Kulusuk Airport
Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen) Qeqqata BGMQ JSU Maniitsoq Airport
Narsarsuaq Kujalleq BGBW UAK Narsarsuaq Airport
Nuuk (Godthåb) Sermersooq BGGH GOH Nuuk Airport
Paamiut (Frederikshåb) Sermersooq BGPT JFR Paamiut Airport
Pituffik BGTL THU Thule Air Base
Qaanaaq Qaasuitsup BGQQ NAQ Qaanaaq Airport
Qaarsut / Uummannaq Qaasuitsup BGUQ JQA Qaarsut Airport (Uummannaq Airport)
Sisimiut (Holsteinsborg) Qeqqata BGSS JHS Sisimiut Airport
Upernavik Qaasuitsup BGUK JUV Upernavik Airport
ZZ Other airfields ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ
NEEM Camp NEEM Camp
Summit Camp Summit Station
ZZ AD 3 HELIPORTS [2] ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ
Kangilinnguit (Grønnedal) Sermersooq BGGD JGR Kangilinnguit Heliport
Nanortalik Kujalleq BGNN JNN Nanortalik Heliport
Narsaq Kujalleq BGNS JNS Narsaq Heliport
Qaqortoq (Julianehåb) Kujalleq BGJH JJU Qaqortoq Heliport
Qeqertarsuaq (Godhavn) Qaasuitsup BGGN JGO Qeqertarsuaq Heliport
ZZ AD 4 HELIPORTS [3] ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ
Aappilattoq Kujalleq (was Nanortalik) BGAQ QUV Aappilattoq Heliport (Kujalleq)
Aappilattoq Qaasuitsup (was Upernavik) BGAG AOQ Aappilattoq Heliport (Qaasuitsup) (non-IATA identifier: AAP)
Akunnaaq Qaasuitsup BGAK Akunnaaq Heliport
Alluitsup Paa (Sydprøven) Kujalleq BGAP LLU Alluitsup Paa Heliport
Tasiilaq Sermersooq BGAM AGM Tasiilaq Heliport (Ammassalik Heliport)
Ammassivik (Sletten) Kujalleq BGAS QUW Ammassivik Heliport
Arsuk Sermersooq BGAR JRK Arsuk Heliport
Attu Qaasuitsup BGAT Attu Heliport
Qasigiannguit (Christianshåb) Qaasuitsup BGCH JCH Qasigiannguit Heliport
Eqalugaarsuit Kujalleq BGET QFG Eqalugaarsuit Heliport
Igaliku Kujalleq QFX Igaliku Heliport
Iginniarfik Qaasuitsup BGIG Iginniarfik Heliport
Ikamiut Qaasuitsup BGIT Ikamiut Heliport
Ikerasak Qaasuitsup BGIA Ikerasak Heliport (non-IATA identifier: IKE)
Ikerasaarsuk Qaasuitsup BGIK Ikerasaarsuk Heliport
Ilimanaq (Claushavn) Qaasuitsup BGIL Ilimanaq Heliport
Illorsuit Qaasuitsup BGLL IOT Illorsuit Heliport (non-IATA identifier: ILL)
Innarsuit Qaasuitsup BGIN IUI Innarsuit Heliport
Isortoq Sermersooq BGIS IOQ Isortoq Heliport
Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund) Sermersooq BGSC OBY Ittoqqortoormiit Heliport
Kangaatsiaq Qaasuitsup BGKA Kangaatsiaq Heliport
Kangersuatsiaq (Prøven) Qaasuitsup BGKS KGQ Kangersuatsiaq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: KAQ)
Kitsissuarsuit (Hunde Ejlande) Qaasuitsup BGKT Kitsissuarsuit Heliport
Kullorsuaq Qaasuitsup BGKQ KHQ Kullorsuaq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: KLQ)
Kuummiit Sermersooq BGKM Kuummiit Heliport
Moriussaq Qaasuitsup BGMO Moriussaq Heliport
Nalunaq (Nalunaq gold mine) Kujalleq (was Nanortalik) BGNL Nalunaq Heliport
Narsaq Kujalleq (Frederiksdal) Kujalleq BGFD QFN Narsaq Kujalleq Heliport
Niaqornaarsuk Qaasuitsup BGNK Niaqornaarsuk Heliport
Niaqornat Qaasuitsup BGNT NIQ Niaqornat Heliport
Nuugaatsiaq Qaasuitsup BGNQ JUU Nuugaatsiaq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: NUG)
Nuussuaq (Kraulshavn) Qaasuitsup BGNU NSQ Nuussuaq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: NUS)
Qassimiut Kujalleq BGQT QJH Qassimiut Heliport
Qeqertaq Qaasuitsup BGQE Qeqertaq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: QQT)
Saarloq Kujalleq BGSO QOQ Saarloq Heliport
Saattut Qaasuitsup BGST SAE Saattut Heliport (non-IATA identifier: SAA)
Saqqaq (Solsiden) Qaasuitsup BGSQ Saqqaq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: QUP)
Savissivik Qaasuitsup BGSV SVR Savissivik Heliport
Sermiligaaq Sermersooq BGSG Sermiligaaq Heliport
Siorapaluk Qaasuitsup BGSI SRK Siorapaluk Heliport
Tasiusaq Kujalleq (was Nanortalik) BGTQ Tasiusaq Heliport (Kujalleq)
Tasiusaq Qaasuitsup (was Upernavik) BGTA TQA Tasiusaq Heliport (Qaasuitsup)
Tiniteqilaaq Sermersooq BGTN TQI Tiniteqilaaq Heliport
Ukkusissat Qaasuitsup BGUT JUK Ukkusissat Heliport (non-IATA identifier: UKK)
Upernavik Kujalleq (Søndre Upernavik) Qaasuitsup BGKL Upernavik Kujalleq Heliport (non-IATA identifier: UPK)
Uummannaq Qaasuitsup BGUM UMD Uummannaq Heliport

Future[edit]

At a late 2011 Air Greenland meeting, plans to move the main Greenland intercontinental air hub away from Kangerlussuaq were agreed upon. According to the 2011 plan three 1,199 meter airstrips will be built; that is a new airport at Qaqortoq, and expansions at Nuuk, and Ilulissat. Probably later new airports at Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit will be built. These planned airstrips will be too short to host intercontinental flights, and a 1,799 metres (5,902 ft) airstrip must be created before Kangerlussuaq can be closed. Such a runway demands smaller planes to Denmark, and more flights. The main candidates for a new intercontinental airport are presently Ilulissat and Nuuk. If keeping the large plane presently used to Denmark, a 2,800 metres (9,200 ft) which would need a new location on islands outside Nuuk. Suggested alternatives, is to have the intercontinental hub at Illulisat or Keflavik.

Alongside Kangerlussuaq, if airports at Qaqortoq, Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit are built, the airports at Narsarsuaq, Kulusuk and Nerlerit Inaat will also be closed.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kangerlussuaq to be closed". Sermitsiaq, AG. Retrieved January 5, 2012.