List of airports in Japan
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, Japan lies to the east of China, North Korea, South Korea, Russia, and the Sea of Japan, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands, accounting for 97% of the land area, are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku. The capital of Japan is Tokyo. As of February 2012, Japan had 98 total airports, with 28 operated by the central government, and 67 by local governments.
In Japan, airports serving civil aviation routes are governed by the Aeronautical Law for safety purposes, by the Noise Prevention Law for noise prevention purposes and by the Airport Development Law for economic development purposes. The latter law groups such airports into four legal classifications:
- Hub/First Class airports (拠点空港) serve a hub role in domestic or international transportation. They are subdivided into privately managed airports (the three largest international airports), national airports (run by the central government) and special regional airports (hubs run by prefectural or municipal governments).
- Regional/Second Class airports (地方管理空港) are other prefectural/municipal airports that the central government deems important to national aviation.
- Joint-use/Third Class airports (共用空港) are those shared between civil aviation and the Japan Self-Defense Forces.
- Other airports (その他の空港) fall outside the above categories.
Some airports in Japan do not fall under the scope of the Japanese airport statutes. These include the three major U.S. military air bases in Japan (Kadena Air Base, MCAS Iwakuni and Yokota Air Base) and certain smaller aerodromes for firefighting, corporate or other special purposes. In 2001, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, which receives 20% of the public-works construction budget, commenced a scheme to build airfields predominantly for airlifting vegetables. Kasaoka Airfield was one of nine airfields constructed; however it was later determined that flying vegetables to Okayama from Kasaoka took just as long due to loading and unloading, and cost approximately six times as much as road transport.
Airport names shown in bold indicate the airport has scheduled service on commercial airlines.
|City served||Prefecture||Island||ICAO||Heliport name||Operator||Pad data||Coordinates|
|Komatsushima||Tokushima||Shikoku||RJOP||Komatsushima Heliport||JMSDF||85 ft (26 m) AMSL, 250 × 45 m (820 × 148 ft), asphalt concrete|
|Kōtō||Tokyo||Honshū||RJTI||Tokyo Heliport||Tokyo Municipal Government||16 ft (5 m) AMSL, 90 × 30 m (295 × 98 ft), asphalt concrete|
|Maebashi||Gunma||Honshū||RJTS||Soumagahara Heliport||JSDF-G||1,306 ft (398 m) AMSL, 500 × 30 m (1,640 × 98 ft), asphalt concrete|
|Maizuru||Kyoto||Honshū||RJBM||Maizuru Heliport||JMSDF||19 ft (6 m) AMSL, 400 × 45 m (1,312 × 148 ft), asphalt concrete|
|Zama||Kanagawa||Honshū||RJTR||Camp Zama Kastner Army Heliport||US Army||367 ft (112 m) AMSL, 457 × 16 m (1,499 × 52 ft), asphalt|
- Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF)
- Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF)
- Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF)
- Transport in Japan
- List of airports by ICAO code: R#RJ RO - Japan
- Wikipedia:WikiProject Aviation/Airline destination lists: Asia#Japan
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Airports in Japan.|
- Civil Aviation Bureau: Airports in Japan (map with English text)
- "ICAO Location Indicators by State" (PDF). International Civil Aviation Organization. 2006-01-12.
- "UN Location Codes: Japan". UN/LOCODE 2009-1. UNECE. 2009-09-23. - includes IATA codes
- Great Circle Mapper: Airports in Japan - IATA and ICAO codes, coordinates
- World Aero Data: Airports in Japan - ICAO codes, coordinates
- Aoki, Mizuho, "Bubble era's aviation legacy: Too many airports, all ailing", Japan Times, 7 February 2012, p. 3.
- Isaku Shibata, "Japanese Laws Related to Airport Development and the Need to Revise Them," Journal of Air Law and Commerce vol. 65 (winter 1999), p. 125.
- Japanese AIP at AIS Japan