List of allergens

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This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and treatments.

Food[edit]

Main article: Food allergy
Name Potential reaction(s) Remarks
Fruit Mild itching, rash, blisters at point of oral contact Mango, strawberries are common problems
Garlic Dermatitis, asymmetrical pattern of fissure, thickening/shedding of the outer skin layers,[1] anaphylaxis
Oats Dermatitis, respiratory problems
Meat[2] Dermatitis, rarely anaphylaxis Allergies to the sugar carbohydrate found in beef, lamb, and pork called alpha-gal. It is brought on by tick bites.[3][4]
Milk[5] Skin rash, hives, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain, flatulence, nasal congestion, anaphylaxis
Peanut[6] Anaphylaxis Includes some cold-pressed peanut oils. Distinct from tree nut allergy, as peanuts are legumes.
Fish / Shellfish[5] Anaphylaxis Hazard extends to exposure of cooking vapors, or handling.
Soy Anaphylaxis
Tree nut[7] Anaphylaxis Hazard extends to exposure of cooking vapors, or handling. Distinct from peanut allergy, as peanuts are legumes.
Wheat[8] Eczema (atopic dermatitis), Hives, asthma, hay fever, angioedema, abdominal cramps, Celiac disease, diarrhea, temporary (3 or 4 day) mental incompetence[citation needed], anemia, nausea, and vomiting[9]
Hot peppers Skin rash, hives, throat tightness, tongue swelling
Gluten
Egg Anaphylaxis
Tartrazine Skin irritation, hives Synthetic yellow food coloring, also used for bright green coloring
Sulfites Hives, rash, redness of skin, headache (particular frontal), burning behind eyes, breathing difficulties

Drug[edit]

Main article: Drug allergy
Name Possible reaction(s) Remarks
Tetracycline Many, including: severe headache, dizziness, blurred vision, fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, severe blistering, peeling, dark colored urine[10][11][12]
Dilantin Many, including: swollen glands, easy bruising or bleeding, fever, sore throat[13][14][15]
Tegretol (carbamazepine) Shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue etc., hives[16][17][18]
Penicillin Diarrhea, hypersensitivity, nausea, rash, neurotoxicity, urticaria
Cephalosporins Maculopapular or morbilliform skin eruption, and less commonly urticaria, eosinophilia, serum-sickness–like reactions, and anaphylaxis.[19]
Sulfonamides Urinary tract disorders, haemopoietic disorders, porphyria and hypersensitivity reactions, Stevens–Johnson syndrome toxic epidermal necrolysis
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (cromolyn sodium, nedocromil sodium, etc.) Many, including: swollen eyes, lips, or tongue, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate[20]
Intravenous contrast dye Anaphylactoid reactions and contrast-induced nephropathy
Local anesthetics Urticaria and rash, dyspnea, wheezing, flushing, cyanosis, tachycardia[21]

Environmental[edit]

Name Possible reaction(s) Remarks
Pollen Sneezing, body ache, headache, itchy swollen eyes
Cat Sneezing, itchy swollen eyes
Dog Rash, sneezing, congestion, and wheezing. Sometimes itchy welts. Caused by dander, saliva or urine of dogs, or by dust, pollen or other allergens that have been carried on the fur.[22] Allergy to dogs is present in as much as 10 percent of the population.[22]
Insect sting Hives, wheezing, possible anaphylaxis
Mold Sneeze, itchy, discharge from the nose, respiratory irritation, congested feeling,[23] joint aches, headaches, fatigue[24]
Perfume Itchy eyes, runny nose, headaches, muscle/joint pain, asthma attack, wheezing
Cosmetics Contact dermatitis,[25] irritant contact dermatitis, inflammation, redness,[26] conjunctivitis[27]
Semen Burning, pain and swelling, possibly for days, swelling or blisters, vaginal redness,[28] fever, runny nose, extreme fatigue[29][30][31][32][33][34][35]
Latex Contact dermatitis, hypersensitivity
Water (see note) Epidermal itching Strictly Aquagenic pruritus, but Cold urticaria may also be described as a "water allergy," in which water may cause hives and anaphylaxis
House dust mite[36] Asthma Home allergen reduction may be recommended
Nickel (nickel sulfate hexahydrate) Allergic contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema[37][38]
Gold (gold sodium thiosulfate) Allergic contact dermatitis
Chromium Allergic contact dermatitis
Cobalt chloride Allergic contact dermatitis
Formaldehyde Allergic contact dermatitis
Photographic developers Allergic contact dermatitis
Fungicide Allergic contact dermatitis,fever,anaphylaxis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas D. Horn (2003). Dermatology, Volume 2. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 305. ISBN 0-323-02578-1. 
  2. ^ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_131179.html
  3. ^ http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2012/11/21/165633003/rare-meat-allergy-caused-by-tick-bites-may-be-on-the-rise
  4. ^ http://www.acaai.org/annual_meeting/Documents/ACAAIProgramGuide2012c.pdf
  5. ^ a b National Institutes of Health, NIAID Allergy Statistics 2005 http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/allergystat.htm
  6. ^ National Institutes of Health, NIAID Allergy Statistics 2005
  7. ^ National Institutes of Health, NIAID Allergy Statistics http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/foodAllergy/understanding/quickFacts.htm
  8. ^ Akagawa M, Handoyo T, Ishii T, Kumazawa S, Morita N, Suyama K (2007). "Proteomic analysis of wheat flour allergens". J. Agric. Food Chem. 55 (17): 6863–70. doi:10.1021/jf070843a. PMID 17655322. 
  9. ^ "Allergy Society of South Africa – Wheat Allergy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  10. ^ Tetracycline – Drugs.com
  11. ^ Allergies From Antibiotics |LIVESTRONG.COM
  12. ^ Allergies From Antibiotics |LIVESTRONG.COM
  13. ^ Dilantin Information from Drugs.com
  14. ^ What are the most serious side effects of Dilantin?: Basic |Epilepsy.com
  15. ^ Anticonvulsant Drug Therapy: Dilantin: Neurology: UI Health Topics
  16. ^ Trileptal CMI approved 03.12.01
  17. ^ Tegretol (carbamazepine)
  18. ^ Carbamazepine
  19. ^ MMS: Error
  20. ^ Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Medicines (NSAIDs)
  21. ^ September 1998 CDA Journal – Toxicity and Allergy to Local Anesthesia
  22. ^ a b Dog Allergy at American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. References up to 2011
  23. ^ Mold allergies, Mold allergy symptoms, What is mold allergy
  24. ^ Mold allergies, allergic response, and allergy symptoms
  25. ^ Two Types of Cosmetic Allergy
  26. ^ The Downside To Cosmetics – Cosmetic Allergy
  27. ^ Conjunctivitis – allergic and infectious – information, symptoms and treatment |Bupa UK
  28. ^ Getting Pregnant and Fertility Problems: Sperm Allergy
  29. ^ "Men, do you suffer from flu symptoms after sex? You could be allergic to your own semen". Daily Mail (London). 2011-01-19. 
  30. ^ "Men, do you suffer from flu symptoms after sex? You could be allergic to your own semen". Daily Mail (London). 2011-01-19. 
  31. ^ 'Flu-like symptoms actually semen allergy' – Times LIVE
  32. ^ Semen Allergy Can Cause Flu-like Symptoms in Men |TopNews United States
  33. ^ Semen Allergy Can Be Treated, Study Shows |Daily Health Report
  34. ^ Semen Allergy
  35. ^ UPDATE 1-Semen allergy suspected in rare post-orgasm illness – AlertNet
  36. ^ Xavier Basagaña, Jordi Sunyer, Manolis Kogevinas, Jan-Paul Zock, Enric Duran-Tauleria, Deborah Jarvis, Peter Burney, Josep Maria Anto, and on behalf of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (2004). "Socioeconomic Status and Asthma Prevalence in Young Adults. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey". American Journal of Epidemiology 160 (2): 178–188. doi:10.1093/aje/kwh186. PMID 15234940. 
  37. ^ Vien, Niels K.; Kaaber, Knud (1979). "Nickel cobalt and chromium sensitivity in patients with pompholyx (dyshidrotic eczema)". Contact Dermatitis 5 (6): 371–4. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0536.1979.tb04907.x. PMID 160856. 
  38. ^ Kaaber, K.; Veien, N. K.; Tjell, J. C. (1978). "Low nickel diet in the treatment of patients with chronic nickel dermatitis". British Journal of Dermatology 98 (2): 197–201. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.1978.tb01622.x. PMID 629873. 

Further reading[edit]