List of alternate history fiction

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This is a list of alternate history fiction, sorted by type.

Novels by date of publication[edit]

15th century[edit]

19th century[edit]









  • 2010. After America by John Birmingham, sequel to Without Warning.
  • 2010. Red Inferno: 1945 by Robert Conroy, the Allied advance on Berlin causes a paranoid Stalin to attack the American troops, forcing the Allies and a semi-rehabilitated Germany to work together to fight off the Soviet threat.
  • 2011. The Afrika Reich by Guy Saville, the British are defeated at Battle of Dunkirk allowing the Nazis to conquer Europe and then Africa.
  • 2011. 11/22/63 by Stephen King, the protagonist stops the Kennedy assassination, and upon returning to 2011 learns that Kennedy won a second term, but later history saw the US drop a nuclear bomb on Hanoi, India and Pakistan go to nuclear war with each other, Maine leaves the US and joins Canada, Miami is hit with a nuclear bomb, martial law was imposed, and President Hillary Clinton is trying to hold the nation together. Meanwhile, as a result of history being changed, time-space is fraying and the world is physically tearing itself apart.
  • 2012. Age of Aztec by James Lovegrove, envisions a world where the Aztec Empire conquered the globe, beginning with the defeat of Hernán Cortés by Moctezuma II.
  • 2012. Dominion by C. J. Sansom, Lord Halifax rather than Winston Churchill takes over the war effort in 1940, surrendering Britain to be a satellite state of Nazi Germany.
  • 2012. Faultline 49 by David M. Danson, reporter David Danson travels through U.S.-occupied Canada in search of the principal provocateur in the Canadian-American War (a conflict instigated by the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center bombing in Edmonton, Alberta).
  • 2012. Himmler's War by Robert Conroy, Hitler is killed by a random Allied bombing in 1944, allowing Heinrich Himmler to become the leader of Germany and push new advances on the Allies.
  • 2012. The Impeachment of Abraham Lincoln by Stephen L. Carter, Abraham Lincoln survives his assassination and, two years later, faces an impeachment trial.
  • 2012. The Mirage by Matt Ruff, Christian fundamentalists hijack airplanes and fly them into buildings in Iraq and Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab States declares a War on Terror and invades the U.S.
  • 2012. Rising Sun by Robert Conroy, imagines that the Battle of Midway is a defeat for the U.S. Navy, paving the way for Japan to attack the West Coast of the United States.
  • 2012. Pact Ribbentrop - Beck by Piotr Zychowicz, Hitler makes a pact with Poland, so after conquering West Europe, Poles join him in 1941 attack on Soviet Union and defeat it together, dividing its territory.
  • 2014. Artam: One Reich, One Race, a Tenth Leader by Volkmar Weiss, the first Leader was killed in a plane crash in November 1941, the Reich did not declare war on the United States.

Novel series[edit]


Short stories and novellas[edit]

Role-playing/board games[edit]



  • 1966. It Happened Here, Nazi Germany successfully invades and occupies the United Kingdom during World War II.
  • 1984. Red Dawn, the Soviet Union and Cuba invade the United States, starting World War III.
  • 1989. Back to the Future Part II, time travelling teenager arrives in an altered present.
  • 1994. Fatherland, a movie based on the 1992 novel.
  • 1995. White Man's Burden, in an alternate America where African Americans and Caucasian Americans have reversed cultural roles.
  • 1998. Six-String Samurai, Russia launched several nuclear warheads at the U.S. in 1957, reducing most of the United States to an inhospitable desert.
  • 1998. World War III, Gorbachev was overthrown in early October 1989 (with hard-line Communists still firmly in control of almost all of their satellite states), Soviet and East German troops opened fire on demonstrators in Berlin and Leipzig, and the new Soviet regime precipitated a third World War.
  • 2001. The One, a superhuman criminal, once a member of the organization policing interdimensional travel, travels across alternate universes to kill his counterparts.
  • 2002. 2009 Lost Memories, the Korean peninsula is still a part of the Japanese empire, as Ito Hirobumi was never assassinated, and the Empire of Japan sides with the Allies against Nazi Germany.
  • 2002. Nothing So Strange, covers the assassination of Microsoft chairman Bill Gates on December 2, 1999.
  • 2004. C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America, a British documentary detailing the history of a victorious Confederacy that, following the American Civil War, annexed the United States and reintroduced slavery.
  • 2005. V for Vendetta, the United Kingdom is ruled by a fascist dictatorship and a masked vigilante leaders a revolution against it.
  • 2008. Southland Tales, a nuclear blast in Texas occurring on July 4, 2005 started the third world war.
  • 2009. Watchmen, film adaptation of the comic book of the same name.
  • 2009. District 9, aliens visit earth 28 years ago.
  • 2009. Inglourious Basterds, a group of Jewish-American soldiers manage to assassinate Hitler.

TV shows[edit]

  • 1963-2009 Doctor Who, has made extensive use of alternative history, especially (but not exclusively) since its relaunch in 2005. These include Inferno, Day of the Daleks, Pyramids of Mars (a brief glimpse of a dead Earth), Father's Day, Rise of the Cybermen. As well as Doomsday, and the two-parter Silence in the Library and Forest of the Dead. It has also featured attempts to create alternate histories, particularly in the "Doctor-lite" episode of series four, Turn Left, where Donna Noble decides to not work at HC Clemments, and therefore never meets the Doctor. The result is a "what if" scenario starting from the series three Christmas Special The Runaway Bride, through Smith and Jones, Voyage of the Damned, and several other episodes of series four.
  • 1966-2005. Star Trek, has used the theme several times. Examples include: TOS- "City on the Edge of Forever" (alternate World War II outcome); Animated Series- "Yesteryear"; NG- "Yesterday's Enterprise". Enterprise- "Storm Front" where Nazis seized East Coast of America. Also, the universe of "Mirror, Mirror", while in the original episode was just implied to be a parallel universe, was in later episodes shown to be an alternate history.
  • 1978 An Englishman's Castle, a 3-part BBC mini-series focusing on television writer Peter Ingram, who lives in a present-day Britain in which Nazi Germany won World War II.
  • 1983. Blackadder. Upon the death of Richard III in 1485 and the murder of Henry VII before the Battle of Bosworth Field by Edmund Blackadder, Richard IV is crowned king of England.
  • 1985. Otherworld, a family is transported to an alternate Earth while exploring the Great Pyramid of Giza.
  • 1987. Amerika was an ABC TV miniseries about life in the United States after a bloodless takeover engineered by the Soviet Union.
  • 1995-2000. Sliders, gang of scientists, musician, and others as travellers who "slide" between parallel worlds by use of a wormhole referred to as an "Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky bridge". First episode was Soviet-ruled America after Soviets seized Americas. Other episodes were many alternate Earths as British America, Ancient Egyptian-ruled America, Spanish America, Druids-controlling America, Atomic Bomb never exist, and others.
  • 1995. Spellbinder, in an alternate world where static electricity is used as a power source.
  • 1997. Spellbinder: Land of the Dragon Lord, sequel to original TV show.
  • 1997. Red Dwarf, the episode Tikka to Ride deals with a time line in which John F Kennedy was never assassinated.
  • 2004-2005. Zipang, a Japanese warship is sent back in time to World War II, altering much of the situation at Midway, but also alters the loss of USS Wasp (CV-7), in which she is destroyed by a Tomahawk missile instead of being lost to a submarine.
  • 2006. The Best Christmas Story Never (American Dad!), Martin Scorsese gives up drugs in 1970 leading to the Soviet Union conquering America.
  • 2006. Return of the King (The Boondocks), Martin Luther King, Jr. survives his assassination, by in a 32-year Coma.
  • 2006-2008. Heroes, The character Peter Petrelli travels through time to attempt to alter future and past events and outcomes. Starting with the attempted assassination of his brother Nathan Petrelli because of his belief that Nathan will cause unwanted future results by his disclosure of his knowledge of super human powers and abilities.
  • 2006. Code Geass, in which Britannia, the descendant of what was once Britain, is the primary world power and conquers Japan through the use of mecha called knightmares; an exiled Britannian prince leads the Japanese resistance against them.
  • 2009. Family Guy, episode Road to the Multiverse one of the universes Brian and Stewie visit has the United States not dropping the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, as well as a timeline in which the present-day is in the middle of an ice age. In another episode, Brian alters the past, preventing the September 11 attacks, which ultimately leads to a nuclear Second American Civil War.
  • 2011. Futurama, episode All the Presidents' Heads. During a trip back in time, Fry accidentally causes Paul Revere to misdirect the American Revolutionaries, creating a timeline in which the American Revolution failed, and Great Britain went on to conquer all of North America, renaming it "West Britannia".
  • 2011. Family Guy episode Back to the Pilot. Brian warns his past self about a 9/11, enabling him to stop them from happening. The cause George W. Bush loses the 2004 Election to Al Gore and convinces Texas and the other Southern States to secede, causing a Second American Civil War and nuclear holocaust few years later.
  • 2013. What If...? Armageddon 1962. John F. Kennedy is assassinated in December 1960, and under Lyndon B. Johnson's leadership, the Cuban Missile Crisis snowballs into nuclear war.


Video games[edit]

  • 1996. Command & Conquer: Red Alert series, a series of computer real time strategy video games set in an alternate timeline, created when Albert Einstein travels back to the past and eliminates Adolf Hitler in an attempt to prevent World War II from taking place. This plan indirectly backfires and results in an unchecked Soviet invasion of Europe by Joseph Stalin in the 1950s.
  • 1997. Fallout (series), a series of role playing video games set in a post-apocalyptic United States where the world's timeline diverges after World War II, in which the cultural basis and technological aspects of the 1950s and the "World of Tomorrow" remains a part of everyday life.
  • 1999. Crimson Skies, PC game based on the original board game.
  • 2000. Gunparade March, in which an alien invasion occurs in 1945, before the end of World War II. The series lead to the creation of an anime series.
  • 2002. Iron Storm, set in a world where World War I lasts more than half a century.
  • 2003. Crimson Skies: High Road to Revenge, video game sequel to PC game.
  • 2003. Enigma: Rising Tide, the British passenger ship Lusitania was not sunk by a German U-boat in the First World War.
  • 2003. Freedom Fighters, set in an alternate Cold War where the Soviet Union drops the atomic bomb on Berlin in 1945 and eventually invades the United States in likely early 2000`s.
  • 2006. Hearts of Iron II: Doomsday, contains a scenario involving Soviet forces attacking Allied forces in 1945, starting World War III.
  • 2006. Resistance: Fall of Man, set in 1951 Britain as human resistance forces attempt to drive out an alien species of unconfirmed origin called the Chimera.
  • 2007. War Front: Turning Point, set in an alternate version of World War II in which Adolf Hitler died during the early days of the war, and a more effective leadership arose to command Germany during the conflict.
  • 2007. World in Conflict, set in 1989 during the social, political, and economic collapse of the Soviet Union. However, the Soviet Union pursued a course of war to remain in power.
  • 2008. Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3, set in the time where Soviets successfully eliminated Albert Einstein, turning the war on the Soviet favors, but also the rise of the Empire of the Rising Sun, Japanese armies that will almost crush both Allies and Soviets.
  • 2008. The Crossing, a parallel universe that has the Knights Templar seizing the French throne.
  • 2008. Turning Point: Fall of Liberty, it depicts the invasion of the United States by Nazi Germany during the 1950s.
  • 2009. Damnation, set in the early part of the twentieth century after the American Civil War has spanned over several decades, where steam engines replace internal combustion engines.
  • 2013. Timelines: Assault on America, features an alternative history of World War II where Germany invades North America.
  • 2013. Bioshock Infinite.
  • 2014 Wolfenstein: The New Order, set in a world where the Nazis won World War II.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Robert B. Schmunk. "Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "P.'s Correspondence".". Uchronia: The Alternate History List. Retrieved 24 November 2008. 
  2. ^ Review of Alternities
  3. ^
  4. ^ Barry Cohen (2000-09-15). "Writer explores alternate history in new play". Jewish News of Greater Phoenix. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  5. ^ Peter Marks (2006-06-27). "'Picasso's Closet': An Artist With No Place to Hide". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  6. ^ "Plays by Mac Rogers". Retrieved 2008-09-26. 

External links[edit]