List of amphibians and reptiles of Guadeloupe

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Location of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean
Map of Guadeloupe and dependencies

This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found in Guadeloupe, an overseas department of France located in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles. Guadeloupe includes the main Guadeloupe island ( forming by Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre), and dependencies (Îles des Saintes, La Désirade, and Marie-Galante).

Amphibians[edit]

There are six species of amphibian in Guadeloupe, three of which were introduced. Two species of frog, Eleutherodactylus barlagnei and Eleutherodactylus pinchoni, are endemic to Guadeloupe.

Frogs (Anura)[edit]

Tree frogs (Hylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Scinax x-signatus[1] Venezuela Snouted Treefrog Least Concern.[2] Introduced; first recorded on Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre in 2003. Native to South America. Scinax x-signatus.jpg
Tropical frogs (Leptodactylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Eleutherodactylus barlagnei Matouba Robber Frog Endangered. Endemic to the highlands of Basse-Terre.
Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog, Coqui Antillano, Johnstone's Whistling Frog Least Concern. Introduced. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei.jpg
Eleutherodactylus martinicensis Tink Frog, Martinique Robber Frog Near Threatened. Regional endemic. Eleutherodactylus martinicensis.jpg
Eleutherodactylus pinchoni Grand Cafe Robber Frog Endangered. Endemic to the highlands of Basse-Terre.
True toads (Bufonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Bufo marinus Cane Toad, Giant Neotropical Toad, Marine Toad Least Concern. Introduced on main islands. Bufo marinus from Australia.JPG


Reptiles[edit]

Including marine turtles and introduced species, there are 21 reptile species reported in Guadeloupe. Four species are endemic.

Turtles (Testudines)[edit]

Box turtles and pond turtles (Emydidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Geochelone carbonaria Red-Footed Tortoise Present on Îles des Saintes[3] Red-footed Tortoise in Barbados 02.jpg
Trachemys scripta Pond Slider Near Threatened. Introduced. Redearedslider2.JPG
Trachemys stejnegeri Central Antillean Slider Near Threatened. Introduced. Trachemys stejnegeri01.jpg
African side-necked turtles (Pelomedusidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Pelusios subniger[4] East African Black Mud Turtle Introduced.
Scaly sea turtles (Cheloniidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Turtle Endangered. Loggerhead Sea Turtle.jpg
Chelonia mydas Green Turtle Endangered. Green turtle in Kona 2008.jpg
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Turtle Critically Endangered. Hawksbill Turtle.jpg
Leathery sea turtles (Dermochelyidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Turtle Critically Endangered. LeatherbackTurtle.jpg

[5]

Lizards and snakes (Squamata)[edit]

Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Hemidactylus mabouia House Gecko Introduced. Hemidactylus mabouia (Dominica).jpg
Sphaerodactylus fantasticus Fantastic Least Gecko Sphaerodactylus fantasticus 01-Barbour 1921.jpg
Thecadactylus rapicauda Turnip-Tailed Gecko
Iguanas and Anolids (Iguanidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Anolis ferreus Morne Constant Anole Endemic. Formerly described as a subspecies of A. marmoratus.
Anolis marmoratus Leopard Anole, Guadeloupean Anole Endemic. Anolis marmoratus.jpg
Anolis terraealtae Les Saintes Anole Endemic to Îles des Saintes. Highly abundant. Formerly described as a subspecies of A. marmoratus.
Iguana delicatissima Lesser Antillean Iguana, West Indian Iguana Vulnerable. Regional endemic. Highly abundant on the Petite Terre Islands off the coast of Grand-Terre. Iguana delicatissima at Batalie Beach a05.jpg
Iguana iguana Green Iguana, Common Iguana Iguana iguana colombia3.jpg
Microteiids (Gymnophthalmidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Gymnophthalmus pleei Martinique Spectacled Tegu Regional endemic.
Gymnophthalmus underwoodi Underwood's Spectacled Tegu
Skinks (Scincidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Mabuya mabouya[6] Regional endemic. Mabuya mabouya.jpg
Worm snakes (Typhlopidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Typhlops guadeloupensis[7] Guadeloupe Blind Snake Endemic. Alternately described as endemic subspecies of Typhlops dominicanus, with sister subspecies present on Dominica.
Colubrids (Colubridae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Alsophis antillensis Antilles Racer, Island Racer, Leeward Racer Regional endemic. Alsophis antillensis at Rosalie-a15.jpg
Alsophis sanctonum Terre-de-Haut Racer Endemic to Îles des Saintes. Two subspecies: Alsophis sanctonum sanctonum and Alsophis sanctonum danforthi Endangered
Liophis juliae Julia's Ground Snake; Grove Snake Subspecies L. j. copeae is endemic to numerous Guadeloupean islands; subspecies L. j. mariae is found only on Marie-Galante. Liophis juliae at Rosalie-a01.jpg

Disputed or unconfirmed species[edit]

Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Leptotyphlops bilineata Two-lined Blind Snake Record considered questionable.


Species by island[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Family Species Basse-Terre Grande-Terre Îles des Saintes La Désirade Marie-Galante
Hylidae Scinax x-signatus X X
Leptodactylidae Eleutherodactylus barlagnei X
Leptodactylidae Eleutherodactylus johnstonei X X X X X
Leptodactylidae Eleutherodactylus martinicensis X X X X X
Leptodactylidae Eleutherodactylus pinchoni X
Bufonidae Bufo marinus X X

Reptiles[edit]

Family Species Basse-Terre Grande-Terre Îles des Saintes La Désirade Marie-Galante
Emydidae Trachemys scripta X X X
Emydidae Trachemys stejnegeri X X X X
Pelomedusidae Pelusios subniger X X ?
Cheloniidae Caretta caretta X X X X X
Cheloniidae Chelonia mydas X X X X X
Cheloniidae Eretmochelys imbricata X X X X X
Dermochelyidae Dermochelys coriacea X X X X X
Gekkonidae Hemidactylus mabouia X X X X X
Gekkonidae Sphaerodactylus fantasticus X X X X X
Gekkonidae Thecadactylus rapicauda X X X X ?
Iguanidae Anolis ferreus X
Iguanidae Anolis marmoratus X X X
Iguanidae Anolis terraealtae X
Iguanidae Iguana delicatissima X X X X
Iguanidae Iguana iguana X X X X
Gymnophthalmidae Gymnophthalmus pleii ? ? ? ? ?
Gymnophthalmidae Gymnophthalmus underwoodi X X ? X X
Scincidae Mabuya mabouya ? X ? X ?
Typhlopidae Typhlops guadeloupensis X X ? ? ?
Colubridae Alsophis antillensis X X ? ?
Colubridae Alsophis sanctonum X
Colubridae Liophis juliae X X ? ? ?

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 140. Not recorded in Guadeloupe in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  2. ^ Conservation status, where available, is from the IUCN Red List and is indicative of the status of the species as a whole, not just populations in Guadeloupe.
  3. ^ http://sxm.fauna.free.fr/Rep/R-Chelonoidis-carbonaria.htm
  4. ^ Recorded as Pelusios castaneus in Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 137.
  5. ^ http://sxm.fauna.free.fr/Rep/R-Chelonoidis-carbonaria.htm
  6. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 136. Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 instead records M. bistriata as the sole Mabuya species in the Lesser Antilles; many of its Caribbean populations have since been reassigned.
  7. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 136, 141. Recorded in Guadeloupe in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 as Typhlops dominicana.

References[edit]

Note: All species listed above are supported by Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, unless otherwise cited.

  • Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S. (1999), Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean, Macmillan Education Ltd., pp. 75–88, ISBN 0-333-69141-5 .
  • Lorvelec, Olivier; Pascal, Michel; Pavis, Claudie; Feldmann, Philippe (2007), Amphibians and reptiles of the French West Indies: Inventory, threats and conservation, Applied Herpetology 4: 131–161, doi:10.1163/157075407780681356 .