List of amphibians and reptiles of Martinique

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Location of Martinique in the Caribbean

This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found on the island of Martinique, an overseas department of France located in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles.

Amphibians[edit]

There are five species of amphibian on Martinique, three of which were introduced. One species, the Martinique Volcano Frog (Colostethus chalcopis), is endemic to Martinique.

Frogs (Anura)[edit]

Poison dart frogs (Dendrobatidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Colostethus chalcopis Martinique Volcano Frog Vulnerable.[1] Endemic.
Tree frogs (Hylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Scinax ruber[2] Red-snouted Tree Frog Least Concern. Introduced; first recorded on Martinique in 1997.
Tropical frogs (Leptodactylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog, Coqui Antillano, Johnstone's Whistling Frog Least Concern. Introduced. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei.jpg
Eleutherodactylus martinicensis Tink Frog, Martinique Robber Frog Near Threatened. Regional endemic. Eleutherodactylus martinicensis.jpg
True toads (Bufonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Bufo marinus Cane Toad, Giant Neotropical Toad, Marine Toad Least Concern. Introduced. Bufo marinus from Australia.JPG


Reptiles[edit]

Including marine turtles and introduced species, there are 18 reptile species reported on Martinique, five of which are endemic.

Turtles (Testudines)[edit]

Box turtles and pond turtles (Emydidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Trachemys scripta[3] Pond Slider Near Threatened. Introduced. Redearedslider2.JPG
Scaly sea turtles (Cheloniidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Turtle Endangered. Loggerhead Sea Turtle.jpg
Chelonia mydas Green Turtle Endangered. Green turtle in Kona 2008.jpg
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Turtle Critically Endangered. Hawksbill Turtle.jpg
Leathery sea turtles (Dermochelyidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Turtle Critically Endangered. 3959 aquaimages.jpg

Lizards and snakes (Squamata)[edit]

Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Gecko gecko[4] Tokay Gecko Introduced. Gekko gecko (rock) by Robert Michniewicz.jpg
Hemidactylus mabouia House Gecko Introduced. Hemidactylus mabouia (Dominica).jpg
Sphaerodactylus vincenti Vincent's Least Gecko Regional endemic. Sphaerodactylus vincenti 01-Barbour 1921.jpg
Thecadactylus rapicauda Turnip-Tailed Gecko Thecadactylus rapicauda BSLL.jpg
Iguanas and Anolids (Iguanidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Anolis roquet Martinique's Anole, Savannah Anole Endemic.
Iguana delicatissima Lesser Antillean Iguana, West Indian Iguana Vulnerable. Regional endemic. Iguana delicatissima at Batalie Beach a05.jpg
Iguana iguana[5] Green Iguana, Common Iguana Recently introduced. Iguana iguana colombia3.jpg
Microteiids (Gymnophthalmidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Gymnophthalmus pleei Martinique Spectacled Tegu Regional endemic.
Gymnophthalmus underwoodi[6] Underwood's Spectacled Tegu
Skinks (Scincidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Mabuya mabouya[7] Regional endemic. Possibly extirpated. Mabuya mabouya.jpg
Worm snakes (Typhlopidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Leptotyphlops bilineata Two-Lined Blind Snake Endemic. Possibly widespread. Populations on Barbados and St. Lucia were described as separate species in 2008, leaving L. bilineata only on Martinique.[8]
Colubrids (Colubridae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Liophis cursor[9] Lacépède's Ground Snake Endangered. Endemic. Extirpated from the main island; now remaining only on Diamond Rock.
Vipers (Viperidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Bothrops lanceolatus Fer-de-lance, Martinican Pit Viper, Martinique Lancehead Endemic. Widespread, though uncommon and confined to wetter regions.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Conservation status, where available, is from the IUCN Red List and is indicative of the status of the species as a whole, not just populations on Martinique.
  2. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 137. Not recorded on Martinique in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  3. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 137. Not recorded on Martinique in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, which lists it as introduced to the Lesser Antilles only on the main islands of Guadeloupe.
  4. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 137. Not recorded on Martinique (or anywhere in the Lesser Antilles) in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  5. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 137. Not recorded on Martinique in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  6. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 137. Not recorded on Martinique in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  7. ^ Lorvelec et al. 2007, p. 136. Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 instead records M. bistriata as the sole Mabuya species in the Lesser Antilles; many of its Caribbean populations have since been reassigned.
  8. ^ Hedges 2008; see Leptotyphlops breuili and Leptotyphlops carlae.
  9. ^ Powell & Henderson 2005, p. 73. Recorded as extinct in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.

References[edit]

Note: All species listed above are supported by Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, unless otherwise cited.