List of amphibians and reptiles of Puerto Rico

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Puerto Rican Boa

This is a list of the amphibians and reptiles of the archipelago of Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rican archipelago consists of the main island of Puerto Rico, two island municipalities, Vieques and Culebra, one minor uninhabited island, Mona and several smaller islands and cays.

This list only includes animals with verifiable established populations in the archipelago of Puerto Rico. Many species of amphibians and reptiles are introduced, both legally (mainly through the pet industry) and illegally, to the archipelago of Puerto Rico every year, with some of these species being subsequently released into the wild. However, these few individuals do not constitute a breeding population and hence they lack inclusion in this list.

The following tags help provide additional information regarding the status of each species.

Amphibians[edit]

Family Bufonidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Bufo marinus [i] Marine Toad X X X
Bufo lemur [e] Puerto Rican crested toad X

Family Hylidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Hyla cinerea [i] American green tree frog X
Osteopilus septentrionalis [i] Cuban Tree Frog X
Scinax ruber [i] Red Snouted Treefrog X

Family Leptodactylidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Eleutherodactylus antillensis Antillean Coquí X X X
Eleutherodactylus brittoni [e] Grass Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus cochranae Whistling Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus cooki [e] Cook's Robber Frog X
Eleutherodactylus coqui Common Coquí X X X
Eleutherodactylus eneidae [ext] Mottled Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus gryllus [e] Cricket Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus hedricki [e] Tree-hole Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus jasperi [ext] Golden Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus juanariveroi [e] Plains Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus karlschmidti [ext] Web-footed Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus locustus [e] Warty Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus monensis [e] Mona Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus portoricensis [e] Forest Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus richmondi [e] Ground Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus unicolor [e] Burrowing Coquí X
Eleutherodactylus wightmanae [e] Melodious Coquí X
Leptodactylus albilabris Caribbean White-lipped Frog X X X X [7]

Family Ranidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Rana catesbeiana [i] Bullfrog X X
Rana grylio [i] Pig Frog X

Reptiles[edit]

Family Emydidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Trachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri Puerto Rican slider X
Trachemys scripta elegans [i] Red-eared slider X
Trachemys decorata [i] Hispaniolan slider X
Chrysemys picta picta Eastern Painted Turtle X

Family Dermochelyidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Dermochelys coriacea coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle X X

Family Cheloniidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Caretta caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle X
Chelonia mydas mydas Green Sea Turtle X X X X X [5]
Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata Atlantic Hawksbill Turtle X X X X [11]
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive Ridley X

Family Testudinidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Geochelone monensis [ext] X
Geochelone denticulata [ext] South American Yellow-footed Tortoise X

Family Gekkonidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Hemidactylus brooki haitianus X
Hemidactylus mabouia [i] Tropical House Gecko X X X X
Phyllodactylus wirshingi wirshingi X X [5]
Sphaerodactylus nicholsi nicholsi Nichols' Dwarf Gecko X X [9]
Sphaerodactylus nicholsi townsendi Townsend's Dwarf Gecko X X X X [5]
Sphaerodactylus roosevelti [e] Roosevelt's Dwarf Gecko X X X [5][9]
Sphaerodactylus gaigeae Gaige's Dwarf Gecko X X [7]
Sphaerodactylus klauberi Puerto Rico Upland Gecko X
Sphaerodactylus monensis [e] Mona Dwarf Gecko X
Sphaerodactylus levinsi [e] Desecheo Dwarf Gecko X [8]
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis ateles X X
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis grandisquamis Common Dwarf Gecko X X [6][7]
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis guarionex X
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis inigoi X
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis macrolepis X
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis mimetes X
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis phoberus X
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis spanius X
Sphaerodactylus micropithecus [e] Monito gecko X [10]

Family Teiidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Ameiva exsul Greater Puerto Rican Ameiva X X X X [5][7]
Ameiva wetmorei [e] Blue-tailed Ground Lizard X X [5][9]
Ameiva alboguttata [e] Mona Ameiva X
Ameiva desechensis [e] Desecheo Ameiva X [8]

Family Scincidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Mabuya mabouya sloani X X X [ex] X X [10]

Family Anguinidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Dipoglossus pleei [e] Puerto Rican Galliwasp X

Family Iguanidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Anolis cuvieri [e] Puerto Rican Giant Anole X X
Anolis roosevelti [e] Culebra Island Giant Anole X
Anolis occultus [e] Puerto Rican Twig Anole X
Anolis evermanni [e] Emerald Anole X
Anolis stratulus Barred Anole X X X X [7]
Anolis gundlachi [e] Yellow-Chinned Anole X
Anolis cristatellus cristatellus Puerto Rican Crested Anole X X X X [6][7][9]
Anolis cristatellus wileyae Eastern Puerto Rican Crested Anole X X X
Anolis desechensis [e] Desecheo Anole X [8]
Anolis cooki [e] Cook's Anole X X [5]
Anolis monensis [e] Mona Anole X X [10]
Anolis pulchellus Common Grass Anole X X X X [7][6]
Anolis krugi [e] Upland Grass Anole X
Anolis poncensis [e] Dryland Grass Anole X
Cyclura pinguis [ex] Anegada Ground Iguana X
Cyclura portoricensis [ext] Puerto Rican Iguana X
Cyclura nubila nubila [i] Cuban Ground Iguana X
Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri [e] Mona Ground Iguana X
Iguana iguana [i] Green Iguana X X X
Iguana delicatissima Lesser Antillean Iguana X

Family Amphisbaenidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Amphisbaena bakeri [e] Baker's Worm Lizard X
Amphisbaena caeca [e] Puerto Rican Worm Lizard X
Amphisbaena schmiditi [e] Schmidt's Worm Lizard X
Amphisbaena xera [e] Puerto Rican Dryland Worm Lizard X X [5]

Family Typhlopidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Typhlops platycephalus Flat-headed Blindsnake X X
Typhlops richardi Richard's Blind Snake X X
Typhlops rostellatus [e] Puerto Rican Wetland Blind Snake X
Typholps granti Grant's Blind Snake X
Typhlops monensis [e] Mona Blind Snake X
Typhlops hypomethes Coastal Blindsnake X

Family Boidae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Epicrates inornatus [e] Puerto Rican Boa X
Epicrates monensis monensis [e] Mona Boa X
Epicrates monensis granti Virgin Island Tree Boa X

Family Colubridae[edit]

Species Common name Puerto Rico Culebra Vieques Mona Other
Alsophis portoricensis [e] Puerto Rican Racer X X X X X [7]
Arrhyton exiguum Puerto Rican Garter Snake X X X [7]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. endemic This species is endemic to the archipelago of Puerto Rico.
  2. extinct This species is extinct.
  3. extirpated This species no longer occurs in the archipelago Puerto Rico but other populations exist elsewhere.
  4. introduced This species was introduced to the archipelago of Puerto Rico.
  5. Caja de Muertos This species occurs in Caja de Muertos Island.
  6. Cayo Batata This species occurs in Cayo Batata.
  7. Cayo Santiago This species occurs in Cayo Santiago.
  8. Desecheo This species occurs in the island of Desecheo.
  9. Magueyes This species occurs in Magueyes island.
  10. Monito This species occurs in the island of Monito.
  11. Culebrita This species occurs in the island of Culebrita.

References[edit]