List of amphibians and reptiles of Saint Martin

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Location of Saint Martin in the Caribbean

This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found on the island of Saint Martin, located in the Lesser Antilles chain in the Caribbean. Politically, Saint Martin is divided between the Collectivity of Saint Martin on the northern half of the island, which is an overseas collectivity of France, and Sint Maarten on the southern half, which is part of the Netherlands Antilles.


Amphibians[edit]

There are three species of amphibian on Saint Martin, two of which were introduced.

Frogs (Anura)[edit]

Tree frogs (Hylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Osteopilus septentrionalis[1] Cuban Tree Frog Least Concern.[2] Recently introduced. Osteopilus septentrionalis 6.jpg
Scinax ruber Red-snouted Tree Frog Recent introduction.
Tropical frogs (Leptodactylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog, Coqui Antillano, Johnstone's Whistling Frog Least Concern. Eleutherodactylus johnstonei.jpg


Reptiles[edit]

Including marine turtles and introduced species, there are 17 reptile species reported on Saint Martin. One species, the Bearded Anole (Anolis pogus), is endemic to Saint Martin. Its local population of one species, the regionally endemic and endangered Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicatissima), was recently extirpated.[3]


Turtles (Testudines)[edit]

Tortoises (Testudinidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Geochelone carbonaria Red-Footed Tortoise Red-footed Tortoise in Barbados 02.jpg
Box turtles and pond turtles (Emydidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Trachemys scripta elegans[4] Red-eared Slider Introduced; abundant. Redearedslider2.JPG
Scaly sea turtles (Cheloniidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Turtle Endangered. Loggerhead Sea Turtle.jpg
Chelonia mydas Green Turtle Endangered. Green turtle in Kona 2008.jpg
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Turtle Critically Endangered. 3959 aquaimages.jpg
Leathery sea turtles (Dermochelyidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Turtle Critically Endangered. LeatherbackTurtle.jpg

Lizards and snakes (Squamata)[edit]

Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Hemidactylus mabouia House Gecko Introduced. Hemidactylus mabouia (Dominica).jpg
Sphaerodactylus parvus Regionally endemic. Formerly described as subspecies of Sphaerodactylus macrolepis chiefly found in the Greater Antilles until elevated to species level in 2001.
Sphaerodactylus sputator Island Least Gecko Regional endemic. Highly abundant. Sphaerodactylus pictus 01-Barbour 1921.jpg
Thecadactylus rapicauda Turnip-Tailed Gecko
Iguanas and Anolids (Iguanidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Anolis gingivinus Anguilla Anole, Anguilla Bank Anole Regional endemic. Abundant.
Anolis pogus Anguilla Bank Bush Anole, Bearded Anole, Watts' Anole Endemic. Abundant. Previously occurred on Anguilla and Saint Barthélemy, but now extirpated from those islands.
Iguana iguana[5] Green Iguana, Common Iguana Recently introduced; very rare on Saint Martin. Iguana iguana colombia3.jpg
Whiptails (Teiidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Ameiva plei Anguilla Bank Ameiva Regional endemic. Localized but abundant. Population on main island of Saint Martin (also present on satellite, Île Tintamarre) described as endemic subspecies, A. p. analifera, in 1992. Ameiva plei by Cyndy Sims Parr 01.jpg
Skinks (Scincidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Mabuya mabouya[6] Regional endemic. Possibly extirpated. Mabuya mabouya.jpg
Worm snakes (Typhlopidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Ramphotyphlops braminus[7] Brahminy Blind Snake, Flowerpot Blind Snake Introduced; rare. Ramphotyphlops braminus.jpg
Colubrids (Colubridae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Alsophis rijgersmaei Leeward Island Racer Endangered. Regional endemic. Possibly functionally extirpated on Saint Martin; restricted to small, isolated enclaves due to mongoose predation.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Powell 2006, p. 296. Not recorded on Saint Martin (or anywhere else in the Lesser Antilles) in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  2. ^ Conservation status, where available, is from the IUCN Red List and is indicative of the status of the species as a whole, not just populations on Saint Martin.
  3. ^ Powell 2006, pp. 296, 298.
  4. ^ Powell 2006, p. 296. Not recorded on Saint Martin in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  5. ^ Powell 2006, p. 296. Not recorded on Saint Martin in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  6. ^ Though reported in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 as M. bistriata, the Anguilla Bank population has been reassigned. Local Mabuya species listed as unknown in Powell 2006, p. 296.
  7. ^ Powell 2006, p. 296. Not recorded on Saint Martin in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  8. ^ Powell 2006, pp. 298–299.

References[edit]

Note: All species listed above are supported by Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, unless otherwise cited.