List of ancient Greek cities

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This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.

A[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Abdera Thrace Avdira
Abila 13 km north-northeast of Irbid, Jordan abandoned Abila Dekapoleos, Abila (Greek: Ἄβιλα), Seleucia(Greek: Σελεύκεια), Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia
Abila Lysaniou Coele-Syria abandoned Abila Lysaniae, Abila
Abydos Hellespont abandoned
Acanthus Egypt Dashour Akanthos (Greek: Ἄκανθος)
Acanthus Athos Ierissos Erisso
Acharnae near Acharnes and Ano Liosia, about 10 km north of Athens
Actium mouth of the Ambracian Gulf Punta, abandoned
Aegae northern Greece, close to modern Vergina abandoned Aigai
Aegina island in the Saronic Gulf, 17 miles (27 km) from Athens
Aegium Achaea, Greece Aigio (Αίγιο) Egio, Egion
Aenus Turkish Thrace Enez Poltyobria, Poltymbria
Agrinion Aetolia-Acarnania, 3 km south-west of modern Agrinio abandoned Agrinium
Aigosthena Attica abandoned Egosthena
Akragas Sicily Agrigento Agrigentum, Kerkent, Girgenti
Akrai Sicily Palazzolo Acreide Acrae
Akrillai Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily Chiaramonte Gulfi Acrillae, Gulfi
Akroinon western Turkey Afyonkarahisar Hapanuwa, Nicopolis, Kara Hissar, Afyon, Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar, Afyon Karahisar
Akrotiri Thera/Santorini, Greece
Alalia Corsica Aléria Aleria, Alaliē (Ἀλαλίη)
Alexándreia (Ἀλεξάνδρεια) northern Egypt Alexandria al-Iskandariyya, Rakotə, Eskendereyya (اسكندريه)
Alexandretta southern Turkey İskenderun al-'İskandarūn (الإسكندرون)
Alexandria in Arachosia southern Afghanistan Qandahar
Alexandria in Ariana western Afghanistan Herat
Alexandria Asiana Iran
Alexandria Bucephalous near Jhelum, Pakistan abandoned
Alexandria of the Caucasus near modern Bagram, Afghanistan Kapisa
Alexandria Eschate Fergana Valley Khujand Alexandria the Furthest, Khüjand, Khodzhent, Khudchand, Chodjend, Ispisar, Leninabad, Leninobod
Alexandria on the Indus at the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers, Pakistan, 13 km from modern Uch abandoned Uch, Uch Sharif, Alexandria at the Head of the Punjab
Alexandria on the Oxus near Kunduz, northern Afghanistan abandoned Ai-Khanoum, Ay Khanum, possibly Eucratidia
Alexandria Troas Troad region of Turkey Alexandria of the Troad, Sigia, Antigonia Troas,
Alinda near Karpuzlu, Turkey abandoned possibly Alexandria by the Latmos
Amarynthos Euboea, Greece
Amaseia Yeşilırmak River, northern Turkey Amasya Amáseia (Αμάσεια)
Ambracia Epirus
Amida banks of the River Tigris, south-eastern Turkey Diyarbakır Diyâr-ı Bekr, Amed, Āmîḏ (ܐܡܝܕ)
Amisos Black Sea coast, Turkey Samsun Amisus, Eis Amison, Samsunta, Samsus, Samson, Samsounta
Amnisos Crete, Greece Amphicleia Phocis, Greece
Amphigeneia Peloponnese, southern Greece abandoned
Amphipolis Thrace, northern Greece Amfipoli
Amphissa Phocis, Greece Amfissa Salona
Ankon (Ἀγκών) Adriatic coast of central Italy Ancona
Antigona
Antipatrea southern Albania Berat Beligrad
Antioch on the Maeander south western Turkey, near Kuyucak abandoned Antiochia on the Maeander, Antiochia ad Mæandrum, Pythopolis
Antioch, Mygdonia south eastern Turkey Nusaybin Soba, Nisibis
Antioch on the Orontes eastern side of the Orontes River, near modern Antakya, Turkey Antiochia ad Orontem, Great Antioch, Syrian Antioch
Antioch, Pisidia 1 km northeast of Yalvaç, Isparta Province, Turkey Antiochia in Pisidia, Pisidian Antioch (Greek: Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Πισιδίας), Antiochia Caesareia, Antiochia Caesaria, Antiochia in Phrygia
Antiochia ad Taurum near Gaziantep, Turkey abandoned Antiochia in the Taurus
Andros Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) south east of Euboea
Apamea on the Orontes River, about 55 km northwest of Hama, Syria abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια), Afamia (أفاميا or آفاميا)
Apamea near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates, in Iraq abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Sittacene, Iraq, surrounded by the Tigris abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea near Nahavand, Iran abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Myrlea on the Sea of Marmara, south of Mudanya, Turkey abandoned Apamea Myrleon, Apameia Myrleanos, Brylleion, Myrlea (Μύρλεια), Murleia, Myrleia, Colonia Iulia Concordia, Apamena.
Apamea lake formed by the Birecik Dam, Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey abandoned Apameia (Απάμεια)
Apamea Phrygia, Turkey Dinar Apameia (Απάμεια), Kibotos (κιβωτός), hê Kibôtos, Cibotus
Apamea Ragiana Media, Iran abandoned Apamea Rhagiana, Apamea Raphiana, Apameia Rhagiane, Arsace, Khuvar, Choara
Aphidnae Attica, Greece, about 28 km north of Athens Afidnes (Αφιδνές, Αφίδναι) Afidnai
Apollonia Fier region, Albania Apolonia
Apollonia Epirus, north western Greece abandoned
Apollonia Mygdonia, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia Pirgos Apollonias, northern Greece, opposite Thasos abandoned
Apollonia Chalcidice, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia Aetolia, north western Greece abandoned
Apollonia Acte peninsular, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia north coast of Crete, near Cnossus abandoned
Apollonia south coast of Crete abandoned
Apollonia Sicily possibly Pollina
Apollonia Cyrenaica, Libya abandoned
Apollonia Mysia, western Turkey abandoned
Apollonia ad Rhyndacum Mysia, western Turkey abandoned
Apollonia Pontica Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Sozopol Antheia, Apollonia, Apollonia Magna
Argos Peloponnese, Greece
Arsuf 15 km north of Tel Aviv, Israel abandoned Arsur, Apollonia
Artanes on the Danube, north west Bulgaria Lom Almus, Lom Palanka
Artemita Babylonia, in the district of Apolloniatis (modern Iraq) abandoned Ἀρτεμίτα
Argyroupoli northern Turkey Gümüşhane
Asine Argolis, Greece destroyed
Asine Messenia, Greece
Asine Laconia, southern Greece Skoutari
Asine Cyprus Asinou (Ασίνου)
Asklepios northern Turkey Iskilip Iskila, Aesculapius, Andrapa, Andrapolis, Blocium, Bloacium, Neoclaudiopolis, Neopolis, İmad, Iskelib, İskelib, Direklibel
Aspendos Antalya, southern Turkey abandoned
Assus Çanakkale, Turkey Behramkale Assos
Astacus western Turkey İzmit Nicomedea, Olbia
Athens Attica, Greece Athena (Αθήνα)
Aytos eastern Bulgaria Aitos Aetos, Ajtos, Astos, Idos, Akvilia

B[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Baris south western Turkey Isparta
Bhrytos Lebanon Beirut
Borysthenes Ukrainian Black Sea coast Berezan Island Berezan'
Bouthroton (Βουθρωτόν) southern Albania abandoned Butrint, Bouthrotios (Βουθρώτιος), Buthrotum
Brauron Attica, Greece abandoned Vravrona, Vravronas
Byblos Lebanon Byblos Byblos, Gubla, Gebal, Jbeil
Byllis near Vlorë, Albania abandoned
Byzantium Bosphorus Strait, western Turkey Istanbul Constantinople, Byzantion
Bythinion western Turkey Bolu Vithinion (Βιθύνιον), Bithynium, Claudiopolis

C[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Cebrene Troad region of Turkey Kebrene, Kevrin, Alexandria (Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια), Antiochia in Troad (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Τρωάδας)
Chalcedon opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar) Kadıköy Chalkedon, Calchedon (Καλχήδων)
Calydon Aetolia, Greece
Carystus near modern Karystos, Euboea, Greece
Chamaizi Crete, Greece [Chamaizi is later Turkish name; ancient name unknown] [Hill is known locally as Souvloto Mouri, ancient Minoan site but possibly not a city]
Chalcis Euboea, Greece Chalkida, Halkida, Halkis, Chalkis
Chersonesos near Sevastopol, Crimea Korsun, Khersones, Chersonese, Chersonesos, Cherson
Chytri Cyprus Kythrea Chytroi (Χύτροι)
Clazomenae near İzmir, in Turkey Kilizman Clazomenae (Κλαζομεναί)
Cnidus situated on Datça peninsula, southwestern Turkey Tekir Knidos (Κνίδος)
Colosse Phrygia, Asia Minor (modern Turkey) abandoned Κολλοσσαί, Colossae, Chonae, Kona
Corcyra Corfu island, Greece Corfu Κέρκυρα, Κόρκυρα, Corcyra, Corfu, Corfù, Kérkyra
Corcyra Melaena Korčula island, Dalmatia (part of modern Croatia) Korčula Κόρκυρα Μέλαινα, Kórkyra Mélaina, Corcyra Nigra
Corcyra (Mesopotamia) Kirkuk Gοvernorate, Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) Kirkuk Kórkura, Kirkoúk
Corinth Isthmus of Corinth, Greece Korinth, Acrocorinth, Korinthos, Ephyra
Croton Calabria, southern Italy Crotone Crotona, Cotrone
Cumae northwest of Naples abandoned Cuma (Κύμη or Κύμαι)
Cyme Aeolis, Turkey Namurt Kymi, Phriconis
Cyrene near Shahhat, Cyrenaica, Libya abandoned
Cythera Ionian Islands, Greece

D[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Decelea (Δεκέλεια) Attica, Greece Dekeleia, Dekelia, Deceleia, Decelia, Tatoi
Delos Cyclades, Greece Dhilos (Δήλος)
Delphi Mount Parnassus, Greece
Demetrias Magnesia, eastern Greece Dimitrias
Dimale Illyria, Albania Dymale
Didyma western Turkey Didim
Dion Mount Olympus, Pieria, northern Greece Dio (Δίο)
Dioscurias Black Sea coast of Abkhazia, Georgia Sukhumi
Dodona Epirus, Greece abandoned Dòdònè (Δωδώνη)
Dorylaion near Eskişehir, Turkey abandoned Dorylaeum
Dyme Achaea, Greece abandoned

E[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Edessa Pella, northern Greece Voden, Vodine, Vodina, Vudena, Vodena
Edessa Mesopotamia, southern Turkey Şanlıurfa Orrha, Orrhoa, Orhāy, Ourhoï, Urha, Ourha, Er Roha, Ar-Ruha, Orfa, Urfa, Ourfa, Sanli Urfa
Elateia Phocis, Greece
Eleusis
Eleutherna 25 km southeast of Rethymno, Crete Apollonia (Ἀπολλωνία)
Emporion Catalonia, Spain Empúries Palaiapolis, Neapolis
Ephesus Ionia, western Turkey Efes
Epidamnos coastal Albania Durres Epidamnos (Επίδαμνος), Dyrhacchion (Δυρράχιον), Dyrrachium, Drach, Drač (Драч), Dıraç. Durazzo
Epidauros Argolis, Greece Epidavros
Eresos Lesbos, Greece Skala Eresou
Eretria Euboea, Greece
Erythrae Ionia, western Turkey Erythrai (Ἐρυθραί), Litri
Eubea Sicily Licodia Eubea

G[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Gangra Çankırı, Turkey Çankırı Germanicopolis (Γερμανικόπολις), Germanopolis (Γερμανόπολις), Changra, Kandari, Kanghari
Gaza Palestinian Territories Gaza
Gela southern Sicily, Italy Gela Terranova di Sicilia
Golgi Cyprus abandoned Golgoi (Γόλγοι)
Gonnos Larissa regional unit, Greece Gonnoi Gonni (Γόννοι), Gonnus
Gorgippia Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Krai, Russia Anapa (Ана́па) Sinda
Gournia Crete, Greece
Gortyn Crete destroyed Gortyna (Γόρτυνα, Γόρτυς, or Γόρτυν)
Gythium Laconia, Greece Gytheio Gýtheion (Γύθειον), Gythio, Githio, Yithion

H[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Hagios Onouphrios Crete, Greece
Hagia Triada Crete, Greece Ayias Triadha
Halicarnassus Caria, Turkey Bodrum Halikarnassós, Alikarnassós (Ἁλικαρνασσός), Halikarnas, Petronium (Πετρώνιον)
Helike Achaea, Greece submerged
Heliopolis Lebanon Baalbek Heliopolis, Baalbek, Ἡλιούπολις
Hellespontos Turkey Dardanelles
Helorus south-east coast of Sicily abandoned Heloros, Helorum, Elorus, Ἔλωρος, Ἕλωρος, Eloro
Hēmeroskopeion Province of Alicante, Spain Dénia Ἡμεροσκοπεῖον, Dianium
Heraclea Perinthus western Turkey Marmara Ereğli Heraclea Thraciae, Heraclea (Ἡράκλεια), Heraclea
Heraclea Lucania, Italy abandoned Anglona
Heraclea by Latmus near Lake Bafa, Muğla Province, Turkey Kapıkırı Latmus, Λάτμος
Heraclea Cybistra near Ereğli, Turkey abandoned
Heraclea Lyncestis south-western Republic of Macedonia Bitola Herakleia Lynkestis
Heraclea Minoa near Montallegro, south coast of Sicily abandoned Hêrakleia Minôia, Rhachlôtês, Heracliensis
Heraclea Pontica Bithynia, Turkey Karadeniz Ereğli
Heraclea Sintica Pirin Macedonia, Bulgaria abandoned
Heraclea Trachis Euboea, Greece Heraclea Trachis, Heraclea Trachinia
Heraklion Crete, Greece Iráklion
Hermione Peloponnese, Greece Ermioni (Ερμιόνη)
Hermonassa Taman peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russia Tmutarakan (Тмутаракань)
Hierapetra Southern Crete, Greece
Hierapolis Pamukkale, western Turkey abandoned Hierapolis (Ἱεράπολις)
Himera northern coast of Sicily abandoned, site subsequently re-settled Thermae, Therma, Thermae Himerenses
Histria Black Sea coast of Romania abandoned Istros (Ιστριη)
Hybla Gereatis southern slope of Mount Etna, Sicily abandoned
Hybla Heraea Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily Ragusa Hibla, Heresium, Rogos, Rakkusa
Hyele Campania, Italy Velia Elea

I[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Ialysos Rhodes
Iasus Caria, south-west Turkey abandoned Iassus (Iασoς, Iασσoς), Askem, Asýn Kalessi
Idalium Cyprus Dali Idalion (Ιδάλιον)
Imbros Greek island in northern Aegean Sea Gökçeada İmroz, Imvros (Ίμβρος)
Iolcus Thessaly, eastern Greece Iolkos (Ιωλκός)
Itanos North-eastern Crete Erimopolis
Ithaca island in the Ionian Sea Ithaka, Ithaki, (Ιθάκη)

J[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Juktas Crete, Greece

K[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Kallipolis Caria, south-western Turkey
Kallipolis Hellespont, north-western Turkey Gelibolu Gallipoli
Kallipolis Apulia, southern Italy Gallipoli Callipolis
Kamares Crete, Greece
Kannia Crete, Greece
Kamarina south-eastern coast of Sicily abandoned Camarina, Kamerina
Kasmenai Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily abandoned Casmene, Kasmene
Katane east coast of Sicily Catania Katánē (Κατάνη), Catăna, Catĭna, Balad-al-Fil, Medinat-al-Fil, Wadi Musa, Qataniyah
Kerkinitida Crimea, Ukraine Yevpatoria Eupatoria (Євпаторія, Евпатория), Kezlev, Kerkinitis, Gözleve
Kepoi Taman Peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russia abandoned, submerged Cepoi (Κήποι, Кепы)
Kimmerikon Kerch Peninsula, Crimea abandoned Cimmericum Crimea
Kios Sea of Marmara, Bithynia, north-western Turkey abandoned Cius-Kios (Kίος, Kείος), Keios, Prusa, Prusias, Prusias ad Mare
Knossos Crete abandoned Knossus, Cnossus (Κνωσός)
Kos island of the Dodecanese, off Bodrum Cos (Κως), İstanköy, Coo, Stanchio
Kourion Cyprus Curium, Curias (Κούριον)
Kyrenia Cyprus Girne

L[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Lamia central Greece Zetounion (Ζητούνιον), Zitouni (Ζητούνι), Zirtounion, Zitonion, Girton, El Cito
Lampsacus Troad, Turkey Lapseki Lampsakos (Λάμψακος), Pityusa, Pityussa, Pituousa (Πιτυουσα), Pituoussa (Πιτυουσσα)
Laodicea in Syria Syrian coast Latakia Laodicea ad Mare, Latakiyah, Al-Ladhiqiyah, Laodikeia, Laodiceia, Lazkiye, Laodicea ad Mare
Laodicea on the Lycus Lydia, Turkey destroyed Diospolis, Rhoas, Claudiolaodicea, Laodicea ad Lycum, Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea in Media western Iran Nahavand Laodicea in Persis, Antiochia Nahavand, Nahāvand (نهاوند), Nahavend, Nahawand, Nehavand, Nihavand, Nehavend, Mah-Nahavand, Laodicea (Λαοδικεια), Ladhiqiyya, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodicea in Media, Antiochia in Persis, Antiochia of Chosroes (Αντιόχεια του Χοσρόη), Antiochia in Media (Αντιόχεια της Μηδίας), Nemavand, Niphaunda
Laodicea Combusta Lycaonia, Turkey abandoned Laodicea Catacecaumene, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodikeia Katakekaumenê, Claudiolaodicea
Laodicea ad Libanum Coele-Syria abandoned Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Cabrosa, Scabrosa, Cabiosa Laodiceia
Laodicea Arcadia, Greece Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea Pontica Pontus, north-eastern Turkey Laodiceia and Laodikeia
Laodicea Mesopotamia, Iraq lost Laodikeia, Laodiceia
Laodicea in Phoenicia Lebanon Beirut Laodicea in Canaan, Berytus
Lapithos Cyprus Lapta
Larissa Thessaly, Greece Yenişehr-i Fenar, Lárisa
Lato Crete, Greece
Laüs Lucania, southern Italy abandoned Laus, Laos (Λᾶος)
Lebena Crete, Greece
Leibethra Macedonia, Greece
Lefkada island in the Ionian Sea
Leontini southeastern Sicily Lentini Lintini, Leontinoi, Leontini and Leontium
Lepreum Elis, Greece abandoned Lepreon, Lepreus
Lindus Rhodes Lindos
Lissus northwest Albania Lezhë Lezha, Lyssòs (Λυσσος), Alessio, Leş, Lissos
Epizephyrian Locris Calabria, southern Italy destroyed Locri

M[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Magnesia on the Maeander Ionia, western Turkey, on the Maeander river abandoned Magnesia ad Maeandrum
Magnesia ad Sipylum Lydia, western Turkey Manisa Magnesia on the Sipylum
Mallia Crete, Greece
Mantineia Arcadia, Greece abandoned Mantinea, Antigonia (Αντιγόνεια)
Marathon Attica, Greece Marathónas (Μαραθώνας), Marathōn (Μαραθών)
Massalia southern France Marseilles Massilia
Megalopolis Arcadia, Greece Sinanou (Σινάνο)
Megara Attica, Greece
Megara Hyblaea near Augusta, eastern Sicily destroyed
Mesembria Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Nesebar Menebria, Mesimvria (Μεσήμβρια), Mesimvria
Messene southern Greece
Metapontum Lucania, southern Italy abandoned Metapontium (Μεταπόντιον)
Methone Messenia, southern Greece Mothoni (Μοθώνη), Modon
Methymna Lesbos, in the Aegean Sea Mithymna (Μήθυμνα), Molyvos, Molivos
Miletus western Turkey abandoned Milētos (Μίλητος)
Mochlos Crete, Greece
Monastiraki Crete, Greece Minoan city
Morgantina central Sicily abandoned Murgantia, Morgantium, Μοργάντιον, Μοργαντίνη, Murgentia, Morgentia
Mylasa Caria, south-western Turkey Milas
Myndus Caria, western Turkey Gümüşlük Myndos (Μύνδος)
Myonia Phocis, Greece Agia Efthymia Myania, Mynia
Myra Lycia, Turkey Demre Kale
Myrmekion Crimea, Ukraine abandoned Myrmēkion (Μυρμηκιων, Мирмекий)
Mytilene Lesbos, in the Aegean Sea

N[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Naucratis Nile Delta, Egypt Naukratis (Ναύκρατις)
Naupactus Aetolia-Acarnania, Greece Nafpaktos (Ναύπακτος, Έπαχτος), Naupactos, İnebahtı, Lepanto
Naxos Crete abandoned
Naxos Sicily Giardini Naxos Giaddini
Neapoli northern Greece Kavala Christoupolis, Morunets
Neapolis Pallene, Chalcidice, Greece Polychrono Polyhrono, Polichrono, Polihrono (Πολύχρονο), Polyhronon, Polihronon
Neapolis Sardinia, Italy abandoned Nabui
Neapolis Apulia, Italy Polignano a Mare
Neapolis Campania, Italy Naples Napoli, Napule
Nicaea Bithynia, north-western Turkey Iznik Ancore, Helicore, Antigoneia (Αντιγόνεια), Nikaia, Nicæa
Nicaea southern France Nice Niça, Nissa, Nizza, Nizza Marittima
Nicopolis Epirus, Greece abandoned Actia Nicopolis, Palaia Preveza
Nirou Chani Crete, Greece Minoan city
Nymphaion Crimea, Ukraine Nymphaeum
Nysa western Turkey abandoned

O[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Oenoe northern Turkey Ünye Oene
Oenoe Argolis, Greece Oene
Oenoe Attica, Greece Oene
Oenus Laconia, Greece
Odessos coastal Ukraine Odessa Khadjibey, Khadjibei, Khacdjibei, Hacıbey, Hocabey, Gadzhibei, Chadžibėjus, Hacıbey
Odessos coastal Bulgaria Varna
Olbia Sardinia Civita, Terranova Pausania
Olbia Ukrainian Black Sea coast abandoned Pontic Olbia, Olvia
Olous near Elounda, Crete drowned Olus (Ὄλους, Ὄλουλις)
Olympia Elis, Greece abandoned Olympí'a (Ολυμπία), Olýmpia (Ολύμπια), Olimpia, Olimbia
Olynthus Chalcidice, northern Greece destroyed
Oricos Epirus, near Vlorë, Albania abandoned
Orestias Turkish Thrace abandoned
Oreus northern Euboea
Oropus Attica, Greece Oropos (Ωρωπός)
Onchesmos Epirus, southern Albania Sarandë Anchiasmos, Άγιοι Σαράντα, Agioi Saranda, Turkish: Aya Sarandi

P[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Pagasae Magnesia, central Greece Platanos[disambiguation needed], central Greece
Palaikastro Crete, Greece Minoan city
Pandosia Epirus, Greece abandoned
Pandosia Bruttium, Italy abandoned
Pandosia Lucania, Italy abandoned
Panticapaeum Taurica, eastern Crimea, Ukraine Kerch Παντικάπαιον
Paros Greek island in Aegean Sea
Patrae Achaea, Greece Patrai Pátra (Πάτρα) Patrae
Pavlopetri Laconia, Greece submerged
Pelion (Chaonia) Chaonia, Epirus ? Pelion Pellion Pelium (Πέλλιον)
Peiraieús Attica, Greece Piraeus Peiraiás, Peiraieús (Πειραιεύς)
Pella Macedon, Greece abandoned
Pergamum Mysia, Turkey Bergama Pergamon (Πέργαμος)
Petsofa Crete, Greece Minoan city
Phálēron Attica, Greece Palaio Faliro Phaleron, Phalerum
Phanagoria Cimmerian Bosporus, Ukraine abandoned Matrega
Pharae
Pharnacia northern Turkey Giresun
Pharos Croatian island Hvar Hvor, For, Pharina, Lesina
Phaselis Lycia, Turkey abandoned
Philippopolis southern Bulgaria Plovdiv Pulpudeva(reconstructed Thracian,uncertain), Eumolpias, Philippoupoli, Philippoupolis (Φιλιππούπολη, Φιλιππούπολις), Trimontium, Paldin (Пълдин). Plavdiv (Плъвдив), Filibe
Platanos Crete, Greece Minoan city
Phlius Argolid, Greece abandoned
Pherae Thessaly, Greece abandoned
Phocaea western Turkey Foça Phokaia (Φώκαια)
Pinara Lycia, Turkey abandoned Pilleñni (τὰ Πίναρα)
Pisa Elis, Greece
Pitiunt Abkhazia, Black Sea coast Pitsunda Bichvinta, Pezonda
Pixous Campania, Italy Policastro Bussentino Pixunte
Plataea Boeotia, Greece destroyed Plataeae
Poseidonia Campania, Italy Paestum Paestum
Potidaea Chalcidice, Greece destroyed Potidaia (Ποτίδαια), Potidea
Priene Ionia, western Turkey abandoned
Prousa north-western Turkey Bursa Prussa (Προύσα), Brusa
Pseira Crete, Greece Minoan city
Psychro Crete, Greece Minoan city
Pteleum Thessaly, Greece destroyed
Pydna Macedon location disputed Púdna (Πύδνα), Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon
Pylos western Peloponnese, Greece Pílos (Πύλος), Navarino, Avarino (Αβαρίνος), Zonklon, Anavarin, Neokastron, Avarmus, Abarinus, Albarinos, Albaxinus, Avarinos, Coryphasium, Iverin, Nelea, Port de Jonc, Porto Giunco, Zunchio.
Pyrgos Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Burgas
Pyrgos Northern Crete, Greece Minoan city

R[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Rhamnus northern Attica, Greece abandoned Rhamnous
Rhegion (Ρήγιoν) "toe of Italy", Calabria, southern Italy Reggio Calabria Erythrà (Ερυθρά), Rhegium Julium
Rhithymna Northern Crete, Greece Rethymno
Rhodes Rhodes, Greece Ródos (Ρόδος),
Rhypes, (Ῥύπες) Achaia, Greece destroyed
Rizinia Crete abandoned Prinias, Rize, Rhizenia

S[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Salamis Cyprus abandoned
Same (Σάμη) island in the Ionian Sea, Greece
Selinus south-west coast of Sicily, Italy abandoned-Marinella di Selinunte Selinunte
Seleucia Pieria (Σελεύκεια Πιερία) south-eastern Turkey Çevlik[1] Seleukia Pieria, Seleukia
Semasus Paphlagonia, northern Turkey Amasra Cromna, Amastris
Sestos Thracian Chersonese, Turkey Sestus
Seuthopolis near Kazanlak, central Bulgaria abandoned, now drowned in the Koprinka Reservoir
Scidrus (Σκίδρος) Lucania, Italy location uncertain
Sicyon (Σικυών) northern Peloponnese, Greece abandoned
Side Pamphylia, Turkey abandoned Eski Adalia, Old Antalya
Sidon Lebanon Sidon Σιδών, Sidon, Saïda
Siteia Crete, Greece
Sinope (Σινώπη) Paphlagonia, northern Turkey Sinop
Sklavokampos Crete, Greece
Smyrna near Izmir, western Turkey abandoned Old Smyrna
Soli Cyprus abandoned Soloi
Sozopolis Pisidia, Turkey abandoned Apollonia
Sparta southern part of the Peloponnese, Greece Sparti Lakedaimon (Λακεδαίμων), Lakedaimonia (Λακεδαιμωνία), Σπάρτα, Σπάρτη, Spartē.
Stagirus Chalcidice, Greece abandoned Stageira (Στάγειρα), Stagira (Στάγιρα), Stagiros (Στάγιρος), Stageiros (Στάγειρος)
Stenimahos central Bulgaria Asenovgrad Stenímachos (Στενήμαχος)
Stymphalos Corinthia, Greece Stymfalia
Sybaris near Sybari, Gulf of Taranto, Italy destroyed
Syracuse east-coast of Sicily, Italy Syracuse Siracusai, Aretusa.

T[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Taras (Τάρᾱς) southern Italy Taranto Tarentum, Tarantas (Τάραντας)
Tanagra Boeotia, Greece Graea, Poimandria
Tanais north-eastern Sea of Azov, Russia abandoned Tánaïs (Τάναϊς)
Tauromenion (Ταυρομένιον) east coast of Sicily Taormina Taurmina, Tauromenium
Tegea Arcadia, Greece Alea
Tenedos Turkish island in northern Aegean Sea Bozcaada Bozca ada, Tenedhos (Τένεδος)
Teos (Τέως) Ionia, western Turkey abandoned Teo
Thassos, Θάσος Macedonia (Greece)-Thrace, Greece Thassos, Greece Limenas, Λιμένας
Thebes, Greece Boeotia, Greece Thēbai (Θῆβαι), Thiva (Θήβα)
Theodosia (Θεοδοσία) Crimea, Ukraine Feodosiya (Феодосія, Феодосия) Kefe, Feodosia
Therma Mygdonia, Greece Therme (Θέρμα, Θέρμη)
Thespiae Boeotia, Greece abandoned Thespiai (Θεσπιαι)
Thronion Epirus, Greece abandoned Thronium
Thoricus southern Attica, Greece abandoned Thorico
Thurii (Θούριοι) Magna Graecia, southern Italy abandoned Thurium (Θούριον), Copia, Copiae, Turios, Thurio Magna Graecia
Thyreum
Thyria
Tomis Black Sea coast of Romania Constanţa Konstantia, Köstence
Tragurion Vis, Croatia Trogir Traù, Tragurium, Trau
Trapeze Crete, Greece
Trapezus, Arcadia Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey Trabzon Trapezounta (Τραπεζούντα)
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Lebanon Tripoli
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Libya Tripolis
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Pontus, north-eastern Turkey Tirebolu Ischopolis
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Thessaly, Greece Tripolis Larisaia
Tripolis (Τρίπολις) Phrygia abandoned Neapolis, Apollonia, Antoninopolis
Troezen (Τροιζήν) northeastern Peloponnese, Greece Troizina, Trizina
Troy Dardanelles, north-eastern Turkey Truva Troia (Τροία), Ilion (Ἴλιον), Īlium, Wilusa, Truwisa, Hisarlık
Tylissos Crete, Greece
Tyras Ukrainian Black Sea coast Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi[2]
Tyros Lebanon Tyre Τύρος, Tyre, Sur
Tyritake (Τυριτάκη) Crimea, Cimmerian Bosporus abandoned

V[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Vasiliki Minoan city in Crete, Greece
Vathypetros Minoan city in Crete, Greece

Z[edit]

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Zacynthus island in the Ionian Sea, Greece Zakynthos Zante
Zakros Crete, Greece Minoan city Zakro
Zancle Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy Messina Messene, Messana

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seleucia in Pieria, Ancient Warfare Magazine
  2. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 15.