List of ancient dwellings of Pueblo peoples in New Mexico

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This is a list of ancient dwellings of Pueblo peoples in New Mexico, United States.

Locations[edit]

Site name Pueblo people Nearest town (modern name) Location Type Description Photo
Abó Tiwa Mountainair Ruins located in the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. Aboruins.JPG
Acacagua Ruins.
Acoma Keres Village Also called "Sky City", Acoma is an active pueblo. A National Historic Landmark and a National Trust Historic Site. Home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. Ansel Adams - National Archives 79-AAA-1.jpg
Acoti Taos Ruins. The "birth place of Montezuma".
Alameda Tiwa Bernalillo Great House Ruins. Located on the present-day site of Alameda Elementary School. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Apache Creek Mogollon Apache Creek Ruins with as many as 25 rooms.[1][2]
Arroyo Hondo Tano Galisteo Great House Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin also known as Kua-Kay. 24 great houses with about 1200 rooms total, each about three stories high, surrounded eight plazas, and had at least eight kivas. The inhabitants also constructed an acequia system (irrigation ditch) from a permanent spring below the pueblo to their fields.
Atica Ruins. Juan de Oñate identified this pueblo in 1598. Its location is lost.
Aychini Ruins. Juan de Oñate identified this pueblo in 1598. Its location is lost.
Aztec Ruins Anasazi Farmington Great House Ruins. A National Monument, an historical property of the National Park Service, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, and part of the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Aztec ruins national monument 20030922 100357 1.1504x1000.jpg
Baguacat Ruins. Juan de Oñate identified this pueblo in 1598. Its location is lost.
Bandelier Los Alamos Bandelier Cliff Dwelling Features.jpg
Burnt Corn Tano Galisteo Great House Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin also known as Burned Corn Pueblo, or Burnt Corn Ruin. As many as 20 great houses surrounded a central plaza with an unknown number of kivas.
Casa Blanca Ruins. Juan de Oñate identified this pueblo in 1598. Its location is lost.
Casa del Eco Great House Ruins. Juan de Oñate identified this pueblo in 1598. Its location is lost.
Casa Montezuma Ruins.
Castildavid Ruins.
Caceres Tiwa Bernalillo Great House Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Campos Tiwa Bernalillo Great House Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Casa Chiquita Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "The Little Girl's House". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Casamero Pueblo Anasazi Prewitt Great House Ruins located just north of the power plant along County Road 19 approximately three miles north of Interstate 40. Very informative plaques and signs. This may be the Casa Moreno reported by Stephen Holsinger in 1901. Andrews Outlier is supposedly 4.5km southeast.
Casa Rinconada Anasazi Crownpoint Great Kiva Ruins located in Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Cempoala Tiwa Great House Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo, New Mexico
Chamisa Locita Tano Galisteo Great House Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin featuring a 300-room great house.
Chamisal Tiwa Bernalillo Great House Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Chetro Ketl Anasazi Crownpoint Great House The meaning of, "Chetro Ketl" has been lost. Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Chaco Canyon Chetro Ketl great kiva plaza NPS.jpg
Chipiinuinge Tewa Ruins. Name means "house at the pointed peak".
Cochiti Keres Cochiti Great house; cliff dwellings Active with ruins on-site. Home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. View of Cochiti cliff dwellings, by Brown, William Henry, 1928-.jpg
Canador Peak Hohokam Trincheras Ruins.
Cox Ranch Quemado Great house Ruins.
Cristone Abiquiu Ruins.
Crumbled House Anasazi Newcomb Great house Ruins. Great house with over 100 rooms, plus a compound with about 150 rooms. Occupied 1100 to 1250 AD
Embree Mogollon Las Cruces Ruins.
Gila Mogollon Silver City Ruins. Gila nm (entrance).jpg
Goesling Ranch Quemado Great house Ruins.
Gran Quivira Tiwa Mountainair Ruins located in the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. Sapu GRQU1733.jpg
Great Kivas Zuni Zuni Ruins located on the Zuni Indian Reservation in the Zuni-Cibola Complex and that is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
Hawikuh Zuni Zuni Ruins located on the Zuni Indian Reservation in the Zuni-Cibola Complex and that is listed as a National Historic Landmark. Hawikuh map.png
Houiri Homayo Great house Ruins.
Hungo Pavi Anasazi Crownpoint Great house The meaning of, "Hungo Pavi" has been lost. It may be a mispronunciation of the Hopi, "Shungopovi", meaning a Hopi village. Ruins located in Chaco Culture National Historical Park. An unexcavated Chacoan great house (monumental public building) containing over 150 rooms, a great kiva, and an enclosed plaza.
Isleta Tiwa Great house Active pueblo with ruins on-site. Home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. Isletta, New Mexico, Pueblo Indian Town on the Rio Grande, 871 miles west of Missouri River..jpg
Jemez Jemez Jemez Springs Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos, known as the Walatowa. JemezPueblo1850.jpg
Kechipbowa Zuni Zuni Ruins located on the Zuni Indian Reservation in the Zuni-Cibola Complex and that is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
Kewa Keres An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. Called the "Santo Domingo Pueblo" by the Spanish, reacknowledged as Kewa in 2010.
Kin Cheops Quemado Great house Ruins.
Kin Kletso Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "Yellow House". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Kin Klizhin Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "Black House". Ruins located on the far western edge of the Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Kin Nahasbas Anasazi Crownpoint Great Kiva "Round House". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Previously thought to be a great kiva, now considered a possible part of a great house.
Kintyel Anasazi Crownpoint Ruins located in Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Kin Yaa Anasazi Great House "Tall House". Ruins located immediately south of Crownpoint approximately one-half mile east of Route 371. Entrance is unlocked gate on south side of Ikard-Newson Propane business. Fairly bad dirt road to the site, walking from the gate may be a better idea. Chacoan roads are fairly evident. Several difficult-to-spot remains of smaller buildings. Kin Yaa NPS.jpg
Kuaua Tiwa Great House Ruins located at the Coronado State Monument and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Kuaua ruins, Coronado State Monument, 1940.jpg
Kyaki:ma Zuni Zuni Ruins located on the Zuni Indian Reservation in the Zuni-Cibola Complex and that is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
La Cienega Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin with 140 rooms, also known as Tzi-gu-ma or Pueblo La Mesita.
Laguna Keres Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. PSM V41 D828 Courtyard of laguna pueblo new mexico.jpg
Las Madres Tano Galisteo Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin.
Maigua Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Malpais Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Mats'a:kya Zuni Zuni Ruins located on the Zuni Indian Reservation in the Zuni-Cibola Complex and that is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
Nambe Tewa Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.
Nompe Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Ohkay Owingeh Tewa Española Great house An active pueblo with ruins on-site. Once called the "San Juan Pueblo"; re-acknowledged tribal name in 2005. Home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. Pueblo of San Juan, by W. H. Jackson & Co..png
Paa-ko Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin.
Pecos Pecos Ruins. A National Historic Landmark. Pecos-pueblo-mission-church.jpg
Peñasco Blanco Anasazi Crownpoint "White Rock Point". Ruins located in Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Unusual in at least three ways; oval in shape, one of only two great houses on the south edge of Chaco Canyon, and it has at least four great kiva. Penasco Blanco.jpg
Picuris Tiwa Peñasco Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. Picuris mission.jpg
Pilabó Tiwa Socorro Great house Ruins. Once the home of the Piro Pueblo, located at the site of the present town of the city of Socorro.
Poblazon Bernalillo Ruins.
Pojoaque Tewa Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.
Posege Taos Ruins.
Poshuouinge Tewa Abiquiu Ruins of 700 room pueblo Two large courtyards and a kiva can still be seen.
Poshuouinge 65.jpg
Pot Creek Pueblo Tiwa Talpa Ruins of 400 ground floor room pueblo Pueblo room and kiva can be seen
Puaray Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. The Chamuscado and Rodriguez Expedition left people here in 1582. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Pueblo Alto Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "High Town". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Sits adjacent to New Alto and Rabbit Ruins.
Pueblo Bonito Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "Beautiful Town". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Standing within 70 ft of the north wall of the canyon, the building was five stories high. There are at least 27 circular kivas, and in some cases the interior of the kivas is of fine tablet masonry. Chaco Canyon Pueblo Bonito digital reconstruction.jpg
Pueblo del Alto Piros Belen Ruins lie on the east side of the Rio Grande.
Pueblo Blanco Piros 34° 30' Ruins on the west rim of the Médano, east of the Rio Grande.
Pueblo Caja del Rio Cochiti Ruins.
Pueblo de la Parida Piro Ruins located on the west run of the Médano east of the Rio Grande.
Pueblo del Arroyo Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "Town by the Arroyo". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Located near Pueblo Bonito, it is on the north side of the arroyo. The original height was probably 4 stories, with two kivas in the court, three built within the pueblo walls, and four outside the main building. Ordaz Chaco Canyon.jpg
Pueblo del Encierro Keresan Cochiti Ruins located near the Cochiti Pueblo.
Pueblo de los Jumanos Jumano Great house The definite location of the pueblo is not known, although it is supposed to have been situated near the base of the elevation called Mesa de los Jumanes. According to Escalante the pueblo was destroyed by the Apache.
Pueblo de los Silos Tewa Pecos Ruins that are situated in the Galisteo Basin between the Keresan pueblos of the Rio Grande.
Pueblo Galisteo Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin with 47 rooms that were inhabited up into the 1700s. The inhabitants of both sites moved to Santa Domingo Pueblo.
Pueblo de los Muertos Hohokam Cibola County Ruins.
Pueblo Largo Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin. There were eight rectangular great houses of stone and adobe with four regular kivas, five plazas, and a shrine. The pueblo was estimated to have contained more than 480 rooms, and although erosion has affected some of the rooms, many walls are still intact.
Pueblo Pardo Tiwa Mountair Ruins.
Pintado Anasazi McKinley County Great House "Painted Town". Ruins that are part of the Chaco Culture National Historical Park. The most easterly of the Chaco Canyon group, the building is L-shaped, the two wings measuring 238 feet and 174 feet, exterior measure. The inclosed court was occupied by two kivas and other semi-subterranean structures, while just outside the court is another large kiva. There are at least ten minor pueblos surrounding it. Pueblo Pintado1.jpg
Pueblo Viejo Socorro Ruins.
Puye Española Cliff dwelling Ruins located in the Santa Clara Pueblo, it is a National Historic Landmark. Puye.jpg
Quarai Tiwa Manzano Ruins located in the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. Quarairuin.JPG
Robledo Mountain Mogollon Las Cruces Ruins.
Salmon Ruins Anasazi Bloomfield Great House Ruins. Listed on the New Mexico State Register of Cultural Properties and the National Register of Historic Places. SalmonMap.jpg
San Cristobal Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin, this pueblo is also known as Yam-p-ham-ba. Stone and adobe were used to build rectangular roomblocks and kivas. At one time, San Cristobal was one of the largest pueblos in the Southwest, four or five stories high and containing as many as 600 ground-floor rooms.
Sandia Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
San Lazaro Tano Santa Fe Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin, this pueblo is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. A 450-room pueblo that included a kiva, a plaza, an irrigation reservoir, two roomblocks, and a sweat lodge.[3]
San Marcos Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins located on the Galisteo Basin. A major trade center for the region, there were great houses with more than a hundred rooms are located around a central plaza with numerous kivas. San Marcos became an important paraje, or campsite, on one of the main routes of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. After the Pueblo Revolt in 1680 the people of San Marcos joined the Navajo and Apache in refugee communities in Potrero Viejo. The Keresan inhabitants fled to Acoma pueblo, and others to Hopi.
Sandia Tiwa Albuquerque An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.
Santa Ana Keres An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.
Santa Clara Tewa Española An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.
San Pasqual Piro Socorro Ruins located on the San Pasqual Pueblo.
San Felipe Keres Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.
San Ildefonso Tewa Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. Ansel Adams - National Archives 79-AA-P06.jpg
San Rafael de los Gentiles Ruins.
Senecú Tiwa San Pasqual Ruins. Once the home of the Piro Pueblo, the exact location of this pueblo has been lost.
Starkweather Mogollon Reserve Great house Ruins.
Taos Tiwa Taos Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. USA 09669 Taos Pueblo Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg
Tarque Tiwa Mountair Ruins.
Tesuque Tewa Santa Fe Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos. The roofs and ovens, by G. C. Bennett.png
Teypana Tiwa Socorro Great house Ruins. Once the home of the Piro Pueblo.
Tiguex Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo; see Tiguex War.
Tijeras Tijeras Great house Ruins. Tijeras Pueblo Archeological Site, Tijeras NM.jpg
Tom's Rock Pie Town Great house Ruins.
Tsankawi White Rock Ruins. Located in the Bandelier National Monument. Duchess Castle near Tsankawi Bandelier New Mexico.jpg
Tsin Kletzin Anasazi Crownpoint Great house "Black Wood Place" or "Charcoal Place". Ruins located in Chaco Culture National Historical Park. One of only two great houses on the southern side of Chaco Canyon. Believed to be situated in order to provide a line-of-sight of at least six other great houses (Pueblo Alto, Penasco Blanco, Kin Kletso, Bis sa'ani, Kin Klizhin, and Kin Ya'a). Built on a north-south line with Casa Rinconada and Pueblo Alto.
Tsirege White Rock Great house Ruins. Located on property owned by the Los Alamos National Laboratory, it is regarded as ancestral by the San Ildefonso Pueblo.
Tyuonyi Ruins located in the Bandelier National Monument. Bandelier National Monument Tyuonyi Village 3 2006 09 04.jpg
Una Vida Anasazi Crownpoint Great house "One Life". Unexcavated ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park within 100 metres of the visitor center.
Upper Arroyo Hondo Tano Galisteo Great house Ruins. This neighbor to larger Arroyo Hondo pueblo contained about 50 rooms and one kiva on the Galisteo Basin.[4]
Wachte Tiwa Bernalillo Great house Ruins. One the 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo
Wijiji Anasazi Crownpoint Great House "Black Greasewood". Ruins located in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Yellow House Zuni Zuni Ruins located on the Zuni Indian Reservation in the Zuni-Cibola Complex and that is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
Zia Keres Great house An active pueblo that is home of one of the 21 federally recognized Pueblos.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Federal Register: July 22, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 140). National Park Service. Retrieved 6/14/07.
  2. ^ Hegmon, M., Nelson, M. and Ruth, S. (1998). "Abandonment and Reorganization in the Mimbres Region of the American Southwest." American Anthropologist. 100(1) March. pp. 152.
  3. ^ "San Lazaro Pueblo", National Historic Landmark program. National Park System. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  4. ^ "Galisteo Basin Archaeological Sites". Retrieved July 11, 2011.