List of animal names

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Mother sea otter with sleeping pup, Morro Bay, California

Many animals, particularly domesticated, have been given specific names for males, females, young, and groups.

The best known source of many of the bizarre words used for collective groupings of animals is The Book of Saint Albans, an essay on hunting published in 1486 and attributed to Dame Juliana Berners.[1]

Most terms used here may be found in common dictionaries and general information web sites.[2][3][4]

Generic terms[edit]

The terms in this table apply to many or all taxa in a particular biological family, class, or clade.

Animal Young Female Male Collective noun Collateral adjective Trivial name
Aves chick hen cock flock avian bird
Bovidae calf cow (bred), heifer (not bred) bull, steer (castrated) herd bovine cattle; cows
Canidae puppy, pup[5] bitch dog pack canine dog
Equidae colt (male), filly (female), foal jenny (asses), mare (other equids) jack (asses), stallion (other equids), gelding (castrated horse) herd equine horse
Felidae kitten, cub queen tom clowder feline cat
Osteichthyes fry, fingerling ? ? school, shoal piscine, ichthyic bony fish

Terms by species or taxon[edit]

Animal Young Female Male Collective noun Collateral adjective Culinary noun for meat
A
Aardvark cub sow boar N/A orycteropodian
Albatross chick N/A N/A flock[6]
rookery[7]
gam (when searching for mates)[8]
?
Alligator hatchling cow bull congregation[9] eusuchian
Alpaca cria ? ? herd camelid
Ant larva
pupa
queen
worker
gyne
drone army[10]
bike[10]
colony[10][11]
nest[9]
swarm[10]
formic
myrmicine
Anteater pup sow boar N/A ?
Antelope calf[12] doe buck herd[10][13]
cluster[10][13]
tribe[10][13]
alcelaphine
bubaline
antilopine
Ape infant N/A N/A shrewdness[2][9][13][14]
troop[9][10][13]
simian
Armadillo pup
baby
sow boar N/A cingulatan
Ass/Donkey foal jenny jack herd[10]
coffle[10][13]
drove[9][10][13]
pace[10][11][13]
asinine
B
Baboon infant N/A ? flange[15][note 1]
troop[2][9][15]
?
Badger cub
kit
sow boar cete[2][9][11][15]
colony[15]
musteline
Barracuda ? ? ? school[16] percesocine
Bat pup N/A N/A cloud[15][17]
colony[11][15]
flock[18]
pteropine
noctillionine
Bear cub[19] sow boar sleuth[9][11][15]
sloth[9][11][15]
ursine
Beaver kit
kitten
pup
N/A N/A family[9]
colony[9][15]
Bee larva
pupa
queen
worker [note 2]
drone cast (a second swarm)[15]
cluster (of workers around the queen)[15]
colony[15]
drift[2][15]
erst[2][15]
grist[9][15]
hive[2][9][15]
nest[9]
rabble[15]
stand[15]
swarm[2][9][15]
apic
apian
apiarian
Bison calf cow bull herd bovine
bubaline
Boar (wild pig)
Also see Pig
piglet
farrow
shoat/shote (just weaned)
? ? herd[20][15]
singular[20][9]

Groups of 12 or more
sounder[20][9]
?
Buffalo, African (for American buffalo, see Bison) calf cow, heifer bull herd[9][11][15]
troop[9]
gang[9][11][15]
obstinancy[9][11][15]
?
Butterfly caterpillar
larva
pupa
chrysalis
? ? flight[15]
flutter[9]
rabble[15]
pieridine
pierine
lepidopteran
C
Camel calf cow bull caravan[9]
flock[9]
herd
train[9]
camelid
cameline
Capybara pup ? ? ? ?
Caribou calf ? ? herd rangiferine
Cassowary hatchling
chick
? ? N/A ratite
Cat kitten
kit
molly
queen
pussy
tom
gib (castrated male)[21]
clowder[2][9]
cluster[9]
clutter[22]
glaring[2][9]
pounce[9]
kindle (kittens)[23]
litter (kittens)
feline
Caterpillar ? ? ? army[24][9] ?
Cattle[note 3] calf[25] cow[26] bull herd[9]
drove[9]
yoke (oxen)
team (oxen)
bovine[note 4]
taurine (male)
vaccine (female)
vituline (young)
beef
veal
Chamois calf doe bull herd rupicaprine
Cheetah cub ? ? coalition (male)[27] ?
Chicken chick hen
pullet
rooster
cock
cockerel
capon (castrated male)
flock
brood[9]
peep (chicks)[9]
clutch (eggs)
galline poultry
Chimpanzee infant empress blackback panine
Chinchilla kit velvet
sow
boar
bull
chinchilline
Chough chick ? ? chattering[2][14][28]
clattering[2][14][29]
corvine
Clam larva ? ? ?
Cobra ? ? ? quiver[30] elapid
Cockroach nymph ? ? intrusion[30] blattid
Cod codling ? ? school
gadoid
gadine
Cormorant chick
shaglet
? ? gulp[30]
flight
Coyote cub
pup
whelp
bitch dog pack canine
Crab N/A hen
jenny
cock
jimmy
cancrine
Crane chick
colt[31]
? ? herd
sedge[11]
sege[32]
siege[33]
alectorine
Crocodile hatchling cow bull bask[9]
congregation
float[9]
nest
crocodilian
Crow ? ? ? murder[2][9] corvine
Curlew ? ? ? herd[2][14] ?
D
Deer calf[12]
fawn
doe
hind
cow[12]
buck
stag
bull[12]
hart (red deer)
bunch[34]
herd[34]
mob[34]
rangale[34]
cervine
elaphine
venison
humble (organ meat)
Dinosaur hatchling
juvenile
cow bull herd (herbivores)
pack (carnivores)
dinosaurian
Dog pup[5]
puppy
whelp[35]
bitch
dam
dog
stud
sire
pack (wild)[11][34]
kennel[34]
mute[11]
litter (young)[36]
cowardice (curs)[11][37]
comedy (boxers)[38][39]
cry (hounds)[40]
canine
Dogfish ? ? ? troop[34] ? capeshark (USA)
rock salmon (UK)
flake (UK, AUS)
huss (UK)
rigg (UK)
kahada (CAN)[41]
Dolphin calf
pup
cow bull school[34]
pod
herd
team[34]
delphine
Donkey - See Ass
Dotterel ? ? ? trip[2][11] ?
Dove chick hen cock arc[9]
cote
dole[2][34]
dule[9][34]
flight[2][9][34]
piteousness[2][34]
pitying[9]
columbine
Dragonfly nymph queen king
drake
cluster
flight
anisopteran
Duck
Also see Mallard
duckling duck
hen
drake On land
flock
herd
badling[11]
brace[11]
safe[2]
sord[34]
sore[34]
waddling[34]

On water
bunch[2][34]
paddling[2][34]
raft[2][34]

In flight
skein[34]
string[34]
team[11][34]
anatine
fuliguline
poultry
Dugong calf cow bull herd dugongine
Dunlin chick ? ? fling[2] ?
E
Eagle eaglet
fledgling
N/A N/A convocation[9][11] aquiline
Echidna puggle
(in common use, but not scientifically endorsed)
? ? tachyglossine
Eel leptocephalus (larva)
elver (juvenile)
N/A N/A bed[9]
swarm[9]
anguilline
Eland calf cow bull herd ?
Elephant calf[25] cow[26] bull[42] herd
memory[9]
elephantine
proboscine
proboscidean
Elephant seal calf cow bull herd
pack
miroungan
Elk (wapiti) calf[12] cow[12] bull[12] gang[9]
herd[9]
cervine venison
Emu chick
hatchling
? ? mob[9] ?
F
Falcon eyass/eyas falcon tiercel
tercel
terzel
acciptrine
Ferret kit jill hob busyness[14]
business[9][11]
musteline
Finch chick hen cock fringilline
Fish fry
fingerling
? ? piscine
Flamingo ? ? ? phoenicopterine
Fly maggot ? ? swarm dipterous
Fox cub[19]
kit
pup[5]
vixen tod
dog
reynard
leash[9][11]
skulk[9][11]
vulpine
Frog polliwog
tadpole
froglet
- - ranine
G
Gaur calf cow bull herd bovine
gaurine
garabeef
Gazelle calf[12] cow[12] bull[12] herd gazelline
Gerbil pup doe buck horde cricetine
Giant Panda cub sow boar sleuth[43] ailuropodine
Giraffe calf cow bull herd
corps
tower[44]
giraffine
Gnat larva ? ? cloud[9][11]
horde[9][11]
swarm[9]
?
Gnu calf cow bull herd
implausibility[45]
Goat kid nanny
doe
doeling
billy
buck
buckling
[note 5]
herd chevon
cabrito
mutton
Goose gosling goose gander On land
flock
gaggle
herd

In flight
skein[2]
team[2]
wedge[2]
anatine
anserine
poultry
Goldfinch ? ? ? cardueline
Goldfish ? ? ? ?
Gorilla infant N/A blackback
silverback
troop
band
whoop
simian
Goshawk ? ? ? flight[14] ?
Grasshopper nymph ? ? cloud
swarm
caeliferian
Grouse ? ? ? tetraonine
Guanaco chulengo ? ? ? camelid
Guinea fowl keet hen cock rasp[46]
flock[47]
numidine poultry
Guinea pig pup sow boar herd ? cuy
Gull chick
hen cock colony
flock
larine
H
Hamster pup doe buck horde cricetid
Hare leveret doe
jill
buck
jack
band
down[48]
drove[48]
flick[48]
husk[48]
leverine
leporine
Hawk eyas hen tiercel cast[49][note 6]
aerie[49][note 7]
staff[49][note 8]
leash[49][note 9]
flight[49][note 10]
flock[49]

Migrating in large groups kettle[49][9]
boil[49][11]
cauldron[49]
accipitrine
falconine
Hedgehog hoglet
piglet
pup
sow boar array[48] erinaceine
Heron chick hen cock flight[48]
sedge[9][11][48]
sege[32][48]
siege[9][11][33][48]
ardeidine
Herring ? ? ? army[11][48]
glean[48]
shoal[48]
clupeidean
Hippopotamus calf cow bull bloat[9][11][48]
herd[48]
thunder[30]
hippopotamine
Hornet larvae
pupae
queen drone nest[11]
swarm
vespine
Horse foal
colt (male)
filly (female)
gelding (castrated male)
mare
dam
stallion
stud
stable[9]
stud[11]
harras[11]
herd (wild horses)[9]
band (wild horses)[9]
team (work horses)[9][11]
rag (colts)[11]
string (ponies)[11]
field (racehorses)
equine
Human baby
child
girl
boy
woman man group
family
band
crowd
clan
tribe
human long pig[50]
(See cannibalism)
Hummingbird chick hen cock trochiline
trochilidine
Hyena cub
pup
whelp
bitch dog cackle[9][11] hyenine
I
Ibex kid nanny billy ? ?
Ibis chick ? ? ? threskiornithine
J
Jackal pup ? ? pack ?
Jaguar cub ? ? prowl[51]
leap[51]
?
Jay ? ? ? party[11]
scold[11]
corvine
Jay, Blue chick hen cock charm corvine
Jellyfish planula
polyp
ephyra[52]
sow boar bloom
fluther[2]
smack[2][11]
smuth[7]
scyphozoan
K
Kangaroo joey flyer
doe
jill
roo
boomer
buck
jack
court
herd
troop[11]
macropodine
Kingfisher chick ? ? ? Alcedine
Koala joey doe buck phascolarctine
Komodo dragon hatchling
chick
calf
cow
hen
bull
cock
varanine
Kookabura chick ? ? ? Halcyonine
Kouprey calf cow bull herd sauveline
bovine
Kudu calf cow bull herd tragelaphine
L
Lapwing chick ? ? deceit[11][14]
desert[2]
vanelline
Lark chick hen cock exaltation[2][14] alaudine
Lemur infant ? ? lemurine
Leopard cub leopardess leopard leap[2][9][11]
lepe[2]
pardine
Lion cub[19] lioness lion pride
sawt
leonine
Llama cria ? ? herd
flock
camelid
Lobster ? hen[3] cock[3] pod[53] homarine
Locust nymph N/A N/A cloud
host
swarm
caelifera
Loris infant colony[54] lorisine[55]
Louse nymph N/A N/A colony
pediculine
Lyrebird chick hen cock menurine
M
Magpie chick hen cock flock garruline
Mallard
Also see Duck
duckling hen greenhead[56] anatine poultry
Manatee calf cow bull herd manatine
sirenian
Mandrill infant N/A N/A horde simian
Mantis nymph ? ? ? ?
Marten ? ? ? ?
Meerkat pup N/A N/A ?
Mink cub
kit
sow boar ? musteline
Mole pup sow boar talpine
Mongoose pup ? ? ? herpestine
Monkey infant N/A N/A troop[2] simian
Moose calf[12] cow[12] bull[12][42] herd cervine venison
Mouse kitten
pup

As pet food
pinky/fuzzy/crawler/hopper[57]
doe buck colony
nest
murine
Mosquito nymph
wriggler
tumbler
N/A N/A swarm
cloud
aedine
anopheline
Mule foal molly
john
?
N
Narwhal calf - - -
Newt eft[58] - - - pleurodeline
Nightingale chick hen cock flock
philomelian
O
Octopus fry ? ? consortium[59] octopodine
Okapi calf cow bull herd okapine
Opossum joey jill jack passel didelphine
Oryx calf ? ? ? ?
Ostrich hatchling
chick
hen cock flock
troop
ratite
struthious
Otter pup
whelp
sow boar musteline
lutrine
Owl fledgling
owlet
? parliament[9]
strigine
Oyster spat ? ? ostracine meat
P
Panther cub pantheress ? ? pantherine
Parrot chick hen cock flock psittacine
Partridge chick hen
chantelle
cock perdicine
Peafowl chick
peachick
peahen peacock pavonine poultry
Pelican chick
nestling
? ? pod[9] pelecanine
Penguin chick
nestling
? ? waddle (on land)[60][61]
raft (in water)[60]
rookery[60]
colony[60]
huddle[60]
spheniscine
Pheasant chick hen cock phasianine
Pig
Also see Boar
piglet
farrow
shoat/shote (just weaned)
barrow (castrated male)[62]
gilt (young female that has not given birth)[63]
sow boar drift[9][11][64]
drove[9][11]
litter (piglets)
porcine
suilline
pork
ham
bacon
Pigeon squab
squeaker
hen cock flock pullastrine squab
Polar Bear cub sow boar aurora[65]
celebration[65]
pack[65]
ursine
Pony- See Horse
Porcupine pup sow boar hystricine
Porpoise calf cow bull pod
school
shoal
phocoenine
Prairie Dog pup sow boar ?
Q
Quail chick hen cock ?
Quelea chick hen cock flock
queline
Quetzal nestling ? ? ? trogonine
R
Rabbit bunny
kit
kitten
nestling
doe
jill
buck
jack
(young) litter
nest
leporine
Raccoon cub
kit
sow boar procyonine
Rail chick reeve ruff ? ralline
Ram
Also see Sheep
lamb ewe ram flock arietine
ovine
lamb
mutton
Rat doe
cow
buck
bull
colony
horde
murine
Raven chick hen cock unkindness corvine
Red deer calf hind stag
hart
herd ? venison
Red panda cub sow boar pack ailuirine
Reindeer (caribou) calf cow bull herd rangiferine
Rhinoceros calf cow bull herd ceratorhine
Rook ? ? ? building[2]
parliament[2][66]
?
S
Salamander tadpole
salamanderling[citation needed]
sow boar maelstrom[citation needed]
band[citation needed]
congress[citation needed]
caudatan
Salmon parr[67] hen cock salmonine
Sand Dollar larva pluteus (free swimming stage)
juvenile (young urchin)
? ? ? clypeasteroid
Sandpiper ? ? ? scolopacine
Sardine ? ? ? ?
Scorpion ? ? ? ?
Sea lion pup
calf
cow bull otarine
Sea Urchin larva pluteus (free swimming stage)
juvenile (young urchin)
? ? ? ?
Seahorse seafoal seamare seastallion shoal hippocampal
Seal pup[5] cow bull phocine
Shark cub[19]
pup[68]
? bull selachian flake (AUS)
Sheep
Also see Ram
lamb
lambkin
cosset
ewe
dam
ram[note 5]
buck
flock
fold
herd
ovine lamb
mutton
hoggett
Shrew shrewlet sow boar colony
drove
soricine
Skunk kit sow boar[3] surfeit mephitine
Snail rout[69] gastropodian escargot
Snake snakelet
hatchling (a newly hatched snake)
neonate (newborn)
N/A N/A anguine
elapine
serpentine
viperine
ophidian
Sparrow chick ? ? flock passerine
Spider spiderling ? ? arachnine
arachnoid
Spoonbill chick ? ? ? plataleine
Squid chick hen cock tethidine calamari
Squirrel pup
kit
kitten
doe buck scurry[30] sciurine
Starling ? ? ? chattering[9][28]
murmuration[2][9][11][14]
sturnine
Stingray ? ? ? myliobatoid
Stinkbug nymph ? ? pentatomidae
Stork ? ? ? ciconine
Swallow ? ? ? hirundinine
Swan cygnet
flapper
pen cob flock cygnine
T
Tapir calf cow bull herd
tapirine
Tarsier infant doe buck herd
tarsiine
Termite larva cow bull colony
nest
swarm
isopteran
Tiger cub[19]
whelp
tigress tiger ambush[9]
streak[30]
tigrine
Toad tadpole
toadlet
N/A N/A knot[9][11] ranine
batrachian
Trout fingerling hen cock ?
Turkey poult hen tom
gobbler
stag
jake (immature)
rafter[70][71]:235
? poultry
Turtle hatchling N/A N/A chelonian
U
V
Vicuña calf cow bull posse
herd
cameline
Viper ? ? ? viperine
Vulture ? ? ? ?
W
Wallaby joey jill jack mob ?
Walrus calf cow bull herd
flock
odobenine
Wasp larva queen
worker
drone swarm
hive
colony
nest
vespine
Water buffalo calf cow bull pot carabeef
Weasel pup
kit
bitch
doe
jill
buck
dog
hub
jack
gang[13]
sneak[13]
musteline
Whale calf[25] cow[26] bull pod
school
cetacean
cetaceous
blubber
Wolf cub
pup[5]
whelp
bitch
she-wolf
dog pack
lupine
Wolverine kit
whelp
angeline wolverine pack
musteline
Wombat joey jill jack ?
Woodcock ? ? ? ?
Woodpecker chick ? ? picine
Worm wormlet ? ? helminthic
vermian
Wren chick cow bull troglodytine
X
Y
Yak calf cow bull herd ?
Z
Zebra colt
foal
mare stallion herd[9][72]
cohort[72]
dazzle [73]
zeal[9][72]
zebrine
hippotigrine

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The term "flange" was originally used to denote a group of baboons in a Not the Nine O'Clock News comedy sketch entitled "Gerald the Intelligent Gorilla" where it was used for comic effect. It has since been used in the scientific literature for a collection of baboons.
  2. ^ A worker bee is a sexually undeveloped female.
  3. ^ Castrated male cattle are steers in the United States, or bullocks in the United Kingdom. Oxen are draft animals that are (if male) usually castrated but not necessarily. A young cow that has not given birth is a heifer. See Cattle for more names. Cows is often used informally to refer to cattle in general.
  4. ^ Bovine refers to all species of genus Bos.
  5. ^ a b A castrated male sheep or goat is a wether. See sheep for more names.
  6. ^ The term "cast" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only two "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  7. ^ The term "aerie" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only two "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. "Aerie" also refers to hawks and other birds of prey nesting high on a mountain top. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  8. ^ The term "staff" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only three "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  9. ^ The term "leash" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only three "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  10. ^ The term "flight" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only "hawks of the wrist" to include goshawks and sparrowhawks. Hawks of the wrist are true hawks in the genus Accipiter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woop Studios; Jay Sacher (2013), A Compendium of Collective Nouns: From an Armory of Aardvarks to a Zeal of Zebras, Chronicle Books, p. 9, ISBN 978-1-4521-2952-5 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj "What do you call a group of ...?". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Dictionary.com Animal Names". 
  4. ^ "Merriam Webster Dictionary". 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Pup"
  6. ^ National Geographic Animals: Albatross http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/albatross/
  7. ^ a b Ivan G. Sparkes, Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms ().
  8. ^ Riddell, Te Aorere. Toroa: The Royal Albatross. Huia, 2003. 11. Print.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv "San Diego Zoo". archived copy of Animal group names. Zoological Society of San Diego. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "AskOxford: A". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as "Animal Congregations, or What Do You Call a Group of.....?". U.S. Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Deer of the world: their evolution, behaviour, and ecology By Valerius Geist, 1998, ISBN 0-8117-0496-3
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Beat about the Bush: Mammals, by Trevor Carnaby, published by Jacana Media, January 1, 2008, page 362. ISBN 978-1-77009-240-2.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Berners, Dame Juliana (1881 reproduction) [First published 1486]. The Boke of Saint Albans. Introduction by William Blades. London: Elliot Stock. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "AskOxford: B". archived copy of Collective Terms for Groups of Animals. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  16. ^ Thomson, Donald A. (2000). "school+of+barracuda" Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez : the rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California (Rev. ed., 1st University of Texas Press ed. ed.). Austin: University of Texas Press. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-292-78155-9. 
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Further reading[edit]