List of animals that have been cloned
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: the article has repeated sections with multiplied information, required consolidation. (September 2011)|
This is a list of animals that have been cloned in alphabetical order. One significant aspect of this list is documenting the transition from early concerns that animal cloning procedures might be limited to a few species, that cloned animals might be physiologically abnormal, or cloning might lack utility for society.
Embryologist Tong Dizhou successfully inserted the DNA from a male Asian carp into the egg of a female Asian carp to create the first fish clone in 1963. In 1973 Dizhou inserted Asian carp DNA into a European crucian carp to create the first interspecies clone.
- In December 2001, scientists at Kansas Jayhawks created the first cloned cat, CC (CopyCat). Even though CC is an exact copy of his host, they have different personalities; i.e. CC is shy and timid, his host on the other hand is playful and curious.
- In 2004, the first commercially cloned cat, Little Nicky, was created by Genetic Savings & Clone.
- First World cloned calf (Gene) was born on February 7, 1997 on American Breeders Service facilities in Deforest, Wisconsin. Later it was transferred and kept at the Minnesota Zoo Education Center.
- Second Cloned calf was born in 1998; see reference: Cloned transgenic calves produced from nonquiescent fetal fibroblasts. Cibelli JB, Stice SL, Golueke PJ, Kane JJ, Jerry J, Blackwell C, Ponce de León FA, Robl JM. Science. 1998 May 22;280(5367):1256-8.
- A Holstein heifer named "Daisy" was cloned by Dr. Xiangzhong (Jerry) Yang using ear skin cells from a high-merit cow named Aspen at the University of Connecticut on June 10, 1999, followed by three additional clones, Amy, Betty, and Cathy by July 7, 1999.
- Second Chance, a Brahman bull was cloned from Chance, a beloved celebrity bull. Second Chance was born August 9, 1999 at Texas A&M University.
- Texas A&M University cloned a Black Angus bull named 86 Squared in 2000, after cells from his donor, Bull 86, had been frozen for 15 years. Both bulls exhibit a natural resistance to Brucellosis, Tuberculosis and other diseases which can be transferred in meat.
- A purebred Hereford calf clone named Chloe was born March 28, 2001 at Kansas State University's purebred research unit. This was Kansas State's first cloned calf.
- Millie and Emma were two female Jersey cows cloned at the University of Tennessee in 2001. They were the first cows to be produced using standard cell-culturing techniques.
- Pampa the first animal cloned in Argentina by Biosidus (2002)
- Ten more Jersey cows were cloned at the University of Tennessee. (females, 2002)
- Bonyana and Tamina cloned calf in Royan Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran in summer of 2009.
- In 2010 the first Spanish Fighting Bull was cloned by Spanish scientists.—see also Got (bull) (2009).
- Anatolian Grey bull (Efe) was cloned in Turkey in 2009 and cattle from the same breed no(Ece, Ecem, Nilufer, Kiraz) by TÜBİTAK
- Samrupa: World's first buffalo calf through the "Hand guided cloning technique" was born on February 6, 2009 at NDRI, Karnal (India). This calf succumbed to a lung infection 5 days after it was born.
- GARIMA- I: Buffalo calf cloned through the “Advanced Hand guided Cloning Technique” was born on June 6, 2009 at NDRI, Karnal (India). 2 years later in 2011, this calf died of a heart failure.
- GARIMA- II: Born on August 22, 2010. This cloned calf gave birth to a female calf, Mahima on January 25, 2013. Garima - II was inseminated with frozen-thawed semen of a progeny tested bull. NDRI, Karnal (India).
- Cloned male buffalo calf Shresth born on August 26, 2010 at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India
- Dewey was born on May 23, 2003 at Texas A&M University.
- South Korean scientist Hwang Woo-Suk cloned the first dog, an afghan hound named Snuppy. Later in 2005 Hwang Woo-Suk was found to have fabricated evidence in stem cell research projects. This caused some to question the veracity of his other experiments, including Snuppy. In their investigation of Hwang Woo-Suk's publication, however, a team from SNU confirmed that Snuppy was a true clone of Tei, the DNA donor dog. South Korean scientists recently cloned 'sniffer' dogs.
- BioArts International held a dog cloning contest where people would send in submissions about which dog was the most suited to be cloned. The winner was Trakr, a K-9 police dog who was a 9/11 hero.
- In summer 2011, South Korean researchers cloned a beagle dog named Tegon, which glowed when exposed to UV light.
In 1958, John Gurdon, then at Oxford University, explained that he had successfully cloned a frog. He did this by using intact nuclei from somatic cells from a Xenopus tadpole. This was an important extension of work of Briggs and King in 1952 on transplanting nuclei from embryonic blastula cells
A species of wild cattle, the first endangered species to be cloned. In 2001 at the Trans Ova Genetics in Sioux Center, Iowa, USA, a cloned Gaur was born from a surrogate domestic cow mother. However, the calf died within 48 hours.
- Downen TX 63 684 (nicknamed Megan) was cloned from a top producing Boer goat born on March 29, 2001 at Plainwell, MI.
- The Middle East's first and the world's fifth cloned goat, 'Hanna', has been successfully born at Royan Institute in Isfahan, Iran. The cloned goat was developed in the surrogate uterus of a black Bakhtiari goat for 147 days and was born, Wednesday, at 1:30 a.m. through a cesarean section. She is reported to be in a good health. Hanna, also known as R-CAP-C1, is completely distinguished from other goats because of its white and henna-like color. Iran's first cloned lamb, Royana, was born September 30, 2006 in Royan institute and wasn't able to survive the post-natal complications common in cloned animals. Iranian researchers are looking to use cloned goats to produce the genetically modified animals required for manufacturing new recombinant medications.(April 2009) Isfahan, Iran
The world's first pashmina goat clone, produced at Centre of Animal Biotechnology at Sher-i-Kashmir Agriculture University for Science and technology (SKAUST), in Kashmir, India. It has been named Noori, an Arabic word referring to light.
Funded by World Bank, the clone project was a jointly worked by SKAUST and Karnal-based National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI).The clone has come as good news for fine fiber-producing pashmina goats, which are only spotted at an altitude of 14,000 feet in Ladakh, the coldest region of the state. The valley owes its fame, besides natural beauty, to famed fine wool of pashmina, gathered from mountainous of Ladakh after the goat sheds its wool as a natural process.The goat survives minus 40 degree Celsius temperature at an altitude of 14,000 feet. In spring, the animal sheds its fiber, called soft pashm, six times finer than human hair. The fiber is used to spun famous kashmiri shawls, scarves, and stoles.
- In 2003, the world's first cloned horse, Prometea, was born.
- In 2006, Scamper, an extremely successful barrel racing horse, a gelding, was cloned. The resulting stallion became the first cloned horse to stand at stud in the US.
- Possibly the first cloned mammal was a mouse (named "Dirty Sanchez") in 1986, in the Soviet Union. However, the cloning was done from an embryo cell, while the sheep Dolly in 1996 was cloned from an adult cell.
- The first mouse from adult cells, Cumulina, was born in 1997 at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa in the laboratory of Ryuzo Yanagimachi using the Honolulu technique.
- Over a dozen clones as of 2002.
- An endangered species, the Mouflon was the first to live past infancy. Cloned 2001
- 5 Scottish PPL piglets (Jose, Josúe, Juan, Amber and Jose) (March 5, 2000)
- Xena (female, August 2000)
In 2009, one clone was alive, but died seven minutes later, due to physical defects in the lungs. The Pyrenean Ibex became the first taxon ever to come back from extinction, for a period of seven minutes in January 2009.
- In France (March–April, 2003)
- Tetra (female, October 1999) by embryo splitting.
- Cloned embryos (November 2007) by transfer of DNA from adult cells.
- From early embryonic cells by Steen Willadsen (1986). Megan and Morag cloned from differentiated embryonic cells in June 1995.
- Dolly (1996–2003), first cloned mammal from somatic cells
- Polly and Molly (July 1997), first transgenic cloned mammal
- Royana (2006) cloned in Royan Research Institute in Isfahan, Iran
- Oyalı and Zarife were cloned in November 2007 in Istanbul University in Istanbul, Turkey.
The world's first Water Buffalo was cloned either in Beijing China in 2005 or New Delhi, India in 2009 "Samrupa", the world's first cloned Water Buffalo calf, which died a week later from a lung infection.
- An endangered species of wolf cloned by South Korean scientists including the controversial scientist Hwang Woo-Suk
- There are two cloned wolves in a zoo in South Korea for public view, they are called Snuwolf and Snuwolffy which are names taken from the university in South Korea, Seoul National University.
- Charles C. Mann (January 2003). "The First Cloning Superpower". Wired. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- David Braun (February 14, 2002). "Scientists Successfully Clone Cat". National Geographic. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- "Pet Cat Cloned for Christmas". BBC. December 23, 2004. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- "Calf Cloned From Bovine Cell Line". Science 277 (5328): 903b–903. 15 August 1997. doi:10.1126/science.277.5328.903b.
- "Researchers Show Clone from Aged Cow Can Produce Normal Calf". University of Connecticut web archive. June 11, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Cloning gives second chance for bull". BBC News. September 3, 1999.
- Thursday, December 28, 2000 (2000-12-28). "additional text". Farmanddairy.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "additional text". BBC News. 2000-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Author: Pat Melgares |released: May 21, 2001". Ksre.ksu.edu. 2001-05-21. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- [dead link]
- "Spain clones first fighting bull". BBC. 19 May 2010.
- Tübitak Mam Gmbe - F.K. "turkhaygen.gov.tr". turkhaygen.gov.tr. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "White-tailed deer joins the clone parade - Health - Cloning | NBC News". MSNBC. 2003-12-22. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "S. Korea unveils first dog clone". BBC. August 3, 2005. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
- "S Korea trains sniffer-dog clones". BBC. April 21, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
- Brown, Mark. "South Korean scientists create Tegon, the glow-in-the-dark dog (Wired UK)". Wired.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Genetically Modified Beagle Glows : Discovery News". News.discovery.com. 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Mulroy, James (2011-08-01). "Researchers Genetically Engineer Glowing Dog; Creep Bloggers Out | TechHive". Pcworld.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- 16584722[dead link]
- "What Animals Have So Far Been Cloned?". Blurtit. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Gurdon JB, Elsdale TR, Fischberg M. (1958-07-05). "Sexually mature individuals of Xenopus laevis from the transplantation of single somatic nuclei". Nature 182 (4627): 64–5. doi:10.1038/182064a0. PMID 13566187.
- Robert Briggs and Thomas J. King (1952 May). "Transplantation of Living Nuclei From Blastula Cells into Enucleated Frogs' Eggs". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 38 (5): 455–463. doi:10.1073/pnas.38.5.455. PMC 1063586. PMID 16589125.
- "Cloning of flies is latest buzz". 4 November, 2004. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. (1-12-2001). "Press Release - First cloned endangered animal was born at 7:30 PM on Monday, 8 January 2001". Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Unknown parameter
- Keith Smith - BoerGoats.com (2001-03-29). "Megan". Boergoats.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Noori is world's first pashmina goat clone". Hindustan Times. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Shaoni Bhattacharya (August 6, 2003). "World's First Cloned Horse is Born". Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- "Brown, Liz. "Scamper Clone Offered for Commercial Breeding" ''The Horse'', online edition, November 15, 2008". Thehorse.com. 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Chaĭlakhian LM, Veprintsev BN, Sviridova TA, n cell engineering (1987). Biofizika 32 (5): viii–xi.
- "Scientists Clone First Endangered Species: a Wild Sheep". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- Black, Richard (May 29, 2003). "Cloning first for horse family". BBC.
- "World's first piglet clones created". The Independent (London). March 14, 2000.
- "Research progress: Pig cloning for organs". CNN. January 3, 2002.
- "Extinct ibex is resurrected by cloning The Daily Telegraph, January 31, 2009". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Scientists 'clone' monkey, BBC News". 14 January 2000.
- "Cloned monkey stem cells produced, Nature News". 22 November 2007.
- "Türkiye´nin ilk kopya koyunu doğdu - BİLİM-TEK Haberleri". Haber7.com. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Turkey's first cloned sheep born at Istanbul University | Science | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2007-11-22. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Türkiye´nin 2. kopya koyunu Zarife - BİLİM-TEK Haberleri". Haber7.com. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "First cloned Water Dino born".
- Sinha, Kounteya (February 13, 2009). "India-clones-worlds-first-buffalo". The Times Of India.
- "Not Extinct Yet : Snuwolf and Snuwolffy".