List of animals that have been cloned

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This is a list of animals that have been cloned in alphabetical order. One significant aspect of this list is documenting the transition from early concerns that animal cloning procedures might be limited to a few species, that cloned animals might be physiologically abnormal, or cloning might lack utility for society.

Carp[edit]

Embryologist ... Tong Dizhou successfully inserted the DNA from a male Asian carp into the egg of a female Asian carp to create the first fish clone in 1963. In 1973 Dizhou inserted Asian carp DNA into a European crucian carp to create the first interspecies clone.[1]

Cat[edit]

Cattle[edit]

  • Gene, the first cloned calf in the world was born on February 7, 1997 at the American Breeders Service facilities in Deforest, Wisconsin, USA. Later it was transferred and kept at the Minnesota Zoo Education Center.[5] Three more cloned calves were born in 1998.[6]
  • A Holstein heifer named "Daisy" was cloned by Dr. Xiangzhong (Jerry) Yang using ear skin cells from a high-merit cow named Aspen at the University of Connecticut in June, 1999, followed by three additional clones, Amy, Betty, and Cathy in July, 1999.[7]
  • Second Chance, a Brahman bull was cloned from Chance, a beloved celebrity bull. Second Chance was born in August, 1999 at Texas A&M University.[8]
  • Texas A&M University cloned a Black Angus bull named 86 Squared in November 2000, after cells from his donor, Bull 86, had been frozen for 15 years. Both bulls exhibit a natural resistance to Brucellosis, Tuberculosis and other diseases which can be transferred in meat.[9][10]
  • In 2001 researchers at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA reported that 24 successfully cloned Holstein's had been monitored from birth to the age of four. All maintained healthy stats comparable to control cattle, and reached reproductive maturity at the proper stage.[11][12] Two of these cloned cattle successfully mated, each producing a healthy calf.[12]
  • A purebred Hereford calf clone named Chloe was born in March, 2001 at Kansas State University's purebred research unit. This was Kansas State's first cloned calf.[13]
  • Millie and Emma were two female Jersey cows cloned at the University of Tennessee in 2001. They were the first calves to be produced using standard cell-culturing techniques.
  • Pampa, a Jersey calf, was the first animal cloned in Argentina (by the company Bio Sidus) in August 2002.[14]
  • An Anatolian Grey bull (Efe) was cloned in Turkey in 2009 and four female calves from the same breed (Ece, Ecem, Nilufer, Kiraz) in 2010 by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)[15]
  • Samrupa, the world's first Murrah buffalo calf cloned using a simple "Hand guided cloning technique" was born in February, 2009 at National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal, India, but died due to a lung infection five days after she was born.[16] Garima-I, a buffalo calf cloned using an “Advanced Hand guided Cloning Technique” was born in June, 2009 at the NDRI. Two years later in 2011, she died of a heart failure.[17][18] Garima-II, another cloned calf was born in August, 2010. This buffalo was inseminated with frozen-thawed semen of a progeny tested bull and gave birth to a female calf, Mahima in January, 2013.[19] A cloned male buffalo calf Shresth was born in August, 2010 at the NRDI[20]
  • In May 2010, Got, the first Spanish Fighting Bull was cloned by Spanish scientists.[21]

Deer[edit]

  • Dewey was born on May 23, 2003 at Texas A&M University.[22]

Dog[edit]

  • South Korean scientist Hwang Woo-Suk cloned the first dog, an afghan hound named Snuppy in 2005.[23] Later in 2005 Dr Hwang was found to have fabricated evidence in stem cell research projects. This caused some to question the veracity of his other experiments, including Snuppy. In their investigation of Dr Hwang's publication, however, a team from Seoul National University confirmed that Snuppy was a true clone of Tei, the DNA donor dog.[24] Since then South Korean scientists associated with Dr Whang have cloned many dogs[25][26][27][28] and in 2014 it was reported that 500 people were paying Whang's company Sooam Biotech £60,000 ($108,000) each to have their dogs cloned.[28]

Ferret[edit]

Clones Libby and Lilly were produced via nuclear transfer by cell fusion in 2004.[29][30]

Frog (tadpole)[edit]

In 1958, John Gurdon, then at Oxford University, explained that he had successfully cloned a frog. He did this by using intact nuclei from somatic cells from a Xenopus tadpole.[31] This was an important extension of work of Briggs and King in 1952 on transplanting nuclei from embryonic blastula cells[32]

Fruit flies[edit]

[33] Five genetically identical fruit flies were produced at the lab of Dr. Vett Lloyd at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada in 2005.

Gaur[edit]

A species of wild cattle, the first endangered species to be cloned. In 2001 at the Trans Ova Genetics in Sioux Center, Iowa, USA, a cloned Gaur was born from a surrogate domestic cow mother. However, the calf died within 48 hours.[34]

Goat[edit]

  • Downen TX 63 684 (nicknamed Megan) was cloned from a top producing Boer goat born on March 29, 2001 at Plainwell, MI.[35]
  • The Middle East's first and the world's fifth cloned goat, 'Hanna', has been successfully born at Royan Institute in Isfahan, Iran. The cloned goat was developed in the surrogate uterus of a black Bakhtiari goat for 147 days and was born, Wednesday, at 1:30 a.m. through a cesarean section. She is reported to be in a good health. Hanna, also known as R-CAP-C1, is completely distinguished from other goats because of its white and henna-like color. Iran's first cloned lamb, Royana, was born September 30, 2006 in Royan institute and wasn't able to survive the post-natal complications common in cloned animals. Iranian researchers are looking to use cloned goats to produce the genetically modified animals required for manufacturing new recombinant medications.(April 2009) Isfahan, Iran

The world's first pashmina goat clone, produced at Centre of Animal Biotechnology at Sher-i-Kashmir Agriculture University for Science and technology (SKAUST), in Kashmir, India. It has been named Noori, an Arabic word referring to light. Funded by World Bank, the clone project was a jointly worked by SKAUST and Karnal-based National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI).The clone has come as good news for fine fiber-producing pashmina goats, which are only spotted at an altitude of 14,000 feet in Ladakh, the coldest region of the state. The valley owes its fame, besides natural beauty, to famed fine wool of pashmina, gathered from mountainous of Ladakh after the goat sheds its wool as a natural process.The goat survives minus 40 degree Celsius temperature at an altitude of 14,000 feet. In spring, the animal sheds its fiber, called soft pashm, six times finer than human hair. The fiber is used to spun famous kashmiri shawls, scarves, and stoles.[36]

Horse[edit]

  • In 2003, the world's first cloned horse, Prometea, was born.[37]
  • In 2006, Scamper, an extremely successful barrel racing horse, a gelding, was cloned. The resulting stallion became the first cloned horse to stand at stud in the US.[38]
  • In 2013, polo star Adolfo Cambiaso helped his team win the Argentine National Open, scoring nine goals in the 16-11 match. Two of those he scored atop a horse named Show Me—a clone, and the first to ride onto the Argentine pitch.[39]

Mice[edit]

  • Possibly the first cloned mammal was a mouse (named "Dirty Sanchez") in 1986, in the Soviet Union.[40] However, the cloning was done from an embryo cell, while the sheep Dolly in 1996 was cloned from an adult cell.
  • The first mouse from adult cells, Cumulina, was born in 1997 at the Universit of Hawai'i at Mānoa in the laboratory of Ryuzo Yanagimachi using the Honolulu technique.
  • In 2008 Japanese scientists created a cloned mouse from a dead mouse that had been frozen for 16 years. This was the first time a mammal had been cloned from frozen cells.[41]

Mouflon[edit]

  • An endangered species, the Mouflon was the first to live past infancy. Cloned 2001[42]

Mule[edit]

Pig[edit]

  • 5 Scottish PPL piglets (Jose, Josúe, Juan, Amber and Jose) (March 5, 2000)[44]
  • Xena (female, August 2000)[45]
  • BGI, China was reported to be producing 500 cloned pigs a year to test new medicines (January 2014)[46]

Pyrenean ibex[edit]

In 2009, one clone was alive, but died seven minutes later, due to physical defects in the lungs. The Pyrenean Ibex became the first taxon ever to come back from extinction, for a period of seven minutes in January 2009. This was a huge achievement for scientists and helped them believe that they could start bringing back extinct animals.[47]

Rabbit[edit]

  • [48] In France (March–April, 2003)[49]

Rat[edit]

Rhesus Monkey[edit]

  • Tetra (female, October 1999) by embryo splitting.[50]
  • Cloned embryos (November 2007) by transfer of DNA from adult cells.[51]

Sheep[edit]

Water Buffalo[edit]

The world's first Water Buffalo was cloned either in Beijing China[55] in 2005 or at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India, in 2009 "Samrupa", the world's first cloned Water Buffalo calf, which died a week later from a lung infection.[56]

Wolf[edit]

An endangered species of wolf cloned by South Korean scientists including the controversial scientist Hwang Woo-Suk

  • There are two cloned wolves in a zoo in South Korea for public view, they are called Snuwolf and Snuwolffy which are names taken from the university in South Korea, Seoul National University.[57]

Zebrafish[edit]

In 2009, Siripattarapravat et al. published, in the Nature Methods journal,[58] a method for somatic cell nuclear transfer in zebrafish.

References[edit]

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