NIS America (U.S., American subsidiary of Nippon Ichi Software software company)
Section 23 (U.S.) (the successor company to ADV films, which split into several companies in 2009. "Section 23" handles distribution, "Sentai Filmworks" handles license acquisition, "Aesir Holdings" inherited ADV's old library of titles, "Seraphim Studios" handles new English dubs, and "Valkyrie Media Productions" handles The Anime Network).
Central Park Media (de facto defunct since mid-2007 when new DVD releases ceased, even though they continued to license their titles for TV and VOD, they entered a state of limbo. Officially declared bankruptcy and assets liquidated in mid-2009. Several of their titles have been acquired by other anime distributing companies prior to and following Central Park Media's bankruptcy and liquidation, such as ADV Films, Bandai Entertainment, Funimation Entertainment, Media Blasters, Nozomi Entertainment, etc.)
Geneon Entertainment (U.S. branch "Geneon USA" (formerly "Pioneer Entertainment") defunct September 2007. Parent Japanese company ceased in-house distribution of its own titles, many of which have been re-licensed by Funimation and Sentai Filmworks. Parent company "Geneon Entertainment" then sold off its own ownership to NBC Universal subsidiary UPI, which then merged Geneon with its own "Universal Pictures Japan" division on February 1, 2009, renaming the new company "Geneon Universal Entertainment Japan").
Manga Distribution (France, Belgium, Switzerland. Was fined with Déclic Images (another french editor) 4.8 million euros in 2009 for selling DVDs of Grendizer while they didn't have the rights).
Harmony Gold USA (U.S., produced the seminal Robotech series in 1985; stopped releasing new anime in the late 1980s and virtually dormant in the 1990s, the company technically still exists and issues re-releases)