List of armouries in Canada

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A number of armouries and drill halls exist in communities across Canada. Of these, the majority were built in Ontario.

Architecture[edit]

Chief Dominion Architects[edit]

The Chief Dominion Architect(s) designed a number of prominent public buildings in Canada including armouries, drill halls, post offices, and Dominion Public Buildings : Thomas Seaton Scott (1871–1881); Thomas Fuller (1880–1897); David Ewart (1897–1914); Edgar Lewis Horwood (1914–1918); Richard Cotsman Wright (1918–1927); Thomas W. Fuller (1927–1936), Charles D. Sutherland (1936–1947); Joseph Charles Gustave Brault (1947–1952) [1]

Thomas Seaton Scott, Thomas Fuller and Thomas W. Fuller adopted the Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style. David Ewart embraced the Baronial style. The armouries may display Gothic Revival (1740s+), Tudorbethan (1835–1885+), Romanesque Revival (1840–1930); Colonial Revival (1890s+); Châteauesque (1887–1930) or Edwardian Baroque 1901-1922 style.

Drawings for virtually all armoury and drill hall buildings designed by The Chief Dominion Architect and his staff during his tenure as Chief Architect of the Department of Public Works are now held at the National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.[2]

In some cases, architects obtained the commission to design these buildings in collaboration with the staff architects in the federal Department of the Militia in Ottawa.

Staff architects in the Federal Department of the Militia[edit]

Militia and defense buildings in Canada which were not designed by the Dept. of Public Works were the responsibility of staff architects in the Federal Department of the Militia. Staff architects inspected and oversaw the design, construction and maintenance of Militia buildings, and designed the Munitions Stores buildings which were often erected adjacent to Drill Hall buildings to storage weapons, uniforms, and ammunition. From 1886-1893, Henry James served as Chief Architect for the federal Militia Department. Lieutenant Frederick W. White succeeded as Chief Architect for the federal Militia Department 1893-1897. [3] Lieutenant Paul Weatherbe succeeded as Chief Architect and Engineer from 1897-1905.[4]

History[edit]

During the 1860s, the American Civil War and the Fenian Raids raised fears for the defence of British North America. In response, the Canadian militia was strengthened, and many rural communities erected a drill hall to train their volunteers.

During the early stages of construction, in the 1870s to 1890s, rural militia units, rather than the Department of Defence, were responsible for their construction. Armouries are centrally and prominently located in the historic city or town centers, and are well-known community landmarks.

Eleven drill halls were built in Ontario between 1876 and 1918 to improve the Canadian military as part of a campaign to reform and expand the Active Volunteer Militia.[citation needed] This period of reform turned the Canadian militia from a poorly equipped citizens' militia into an organized, competent fighting unit that was well prepared for the First World War. Designed with classical inspiration, the brick buildings are box-like with a flat roof, stonework on the base, crenellation, and Parapet walls.

From 1896 to 1918 over 100 drill halls and armouries were erected across Canada.[citation needed]

The armouries functioned as training and recruitment centres during First World War, and later for the Second World War and the Korean War. The space generally doubles as an assembly / Lecture hall. Traditionally, armouries serve as the permanent regimental headquarters of the local militia and as a drill hall for Militia practice and training.

The standard North American armoury model incorporates medieval military features such as jutting towers, buttresses, dentilated stringcourses, corbelling, crenellations, battlements and a large troop door reminiscent of a fortified gate. The distinguishing characteristics include functional design, good quality materials, excellent craftsmanship and unobstructed volume of floor space in the drill hall enabled by a gable roof. The foundation is frequently stone with a concrete floor supporting a steel frame. The exterior walls are frequently constructed with red brick and quarry-faced stone generally limestone or sandstone with a course of arched wood sash windows and doors. An armoury generally enclose a large drill hall, messes, classrooms and storage facilities.

A number of ‘Standard Drill Hall Class E’ armouries were built in a straightforward utilitarian design with modest architectural embellishment in an Edwardian Baroque 1901-1922 style. The design incorporates a large, unobstructed drill hall with exposed steel trusses, its gallery and supporting arcades. The decorative Flemish style parapets, towers, crenellated turrets and a low wide arched entrance, reminiscent of a fortified gate show very good craftsmanship. Edwardian Baroque 1901-1922 armouries incorporate distinguishing features such as red brick with a stone foundation, stone sills, window surrounds and decorative shields which contribute to a powerful image of stability and stateliness. To evoke the impression of a medieval castle, the walls incorporate buttresses, parapets, crenellated moulding, corbelled stonework and crenellated towers flanking its troop door. The distinguishing characteristics include double or triple Tudor gothic arches and projecting surround at the front entrance, defence towers, and wall treatments which step out at the corners. To convey an image of solidity and impregnability, the building have small narrow windows, Bartizans, and small Turrets complete with firing slits.

Armouries constructed in 1920s and 1930s reflect the popularity of Colonial Revival (1890s+) styles derived from simplified French colonial architecture of the Baroque era.

During the 1930s, a number of inter-war armouries were built employing modern structural design with concrete floors supporting a steel frame gable roofed drill hall, the Hipped roof, prominent chimneys and exposed Warren trusses for its large, unobstructed space. The details of its entrance and exhibits the stylized and simplified Châteauesque (1887–1930) style details, which reflect contemporary interests in smooth surfaces and geometric volumes. The distinguishing characteristics include red brick and white limestone round towers, elaborate arched entrances, wood panelled entrance doors, heavy iron hardware and multi-paned glazing which reflect the revivalist design. The decorative elements including Stringcourses, Copings, window trims, concentric Tudor entrance arches, and carved plaques.

The armouries may be National Historic Sites of Canada, and/or classified or recognized as Federal Heritage Buildings because of their historical associations, architectural and environmental values.

During the 1950s, the Department of National Defence used a standard plan for a drill hall on several military bases, designed by the architect firm of Gordon S. Adamson & Associates featuring a simple and unadorned composition, and a standard layout.

Alphabetical listing (by community)[edit]

[5]

Site Date(s) & Architect Designated Location Province Description Image
Col J Layston Ralston Armoury
Acadia Street & Agnew Street
1914-1915 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1990 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Amherst Nova Scotia

Housing The Nova Scotia Highlanders, this large, centrally-located stone and brick Baronial style building features two sturdy towers, a triple arched entrance way and a large drill hall.

[1]
Aurora Armoury
89 Mosley Street at Larmont Street
1874 Thomas Seaton Scott 1991 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Aurora Ontario

"Built in 1874 as a Dominion style Neo-Gothic style drill shed for the 12th Battalion of Infantry or York Rangers, the Aurora Armoury was part of a network of defence training facilities for citizen soldiers. It evokes the larger stories and traditions of the province's militia regiments, recruited regionally, and possessing close affiliations with their communities of origin. The armoury was also the site of Edward Blake's famous "Aurora speech" of 1874, in which the prominent politician and former Ontario premier called upon the federal government of Liberal Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie to implement nationalistic and electoral reforms. The speech exemplifies how drill halls and armouries fulfil civic roles in the lives of their communities. The oldest purpose-built armoury still used by the military in Ontario, the Aurora drill shed is home to elements of The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)". Ontario Heritage Trust

Qyrang crest.jpg
Baddeck Armoury 1901 David Ewart Baddeck Nova Scotia

Centrally-located Baronial style building with a hipped-roof.

Barrie Armoury
37 Parkside Dr at High Street
1913-14 David Ewart 1997 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Barrie Ontario

Housing The Grey and Simcoe Foresters, this large, mansard roofed Baronial style structure with sturdy projecting towers and a three-arched entrance is in a residential area near the centre of the city.

Cap Badge of the Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Mulcaster Street Armoury
36 Mulcaster Street
19th century Canada's Register of Historic Places Barrie Ontario

Small scale, brick armoury features a centre assembly hall with right and left wings, under 3 roofs.

Col CC Gammon Armoury
1820 King Avenue
Bathurst New Brunswick

Housing the North Shore Regiment, this centrally located drill hall projects a solid, fortified appearance.

Shenley Armoury
551 Route Kennedy
Beauceville Quebec
Beauport Armoury or Building 1
Du Manège Street
1913-4 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; Beauport Quebec

Centrally located two-storey, red brick Baronial style drill hall with a low-pitched, gable-roof.

Manegebeauport1.jpg
Belleville Armoury
187 Pinnacle Road at Bridge Street East
1907-8 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places;1992 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Belleville Ontario

Housing The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, this centrally located, low-pitched gambrel-roofed, stone and brick Baronial style building features a pair of tall towers.

Brampton Armoury
2 Chapel Street
1914-15 David Ewart 1991 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Brampton Ontario

Housing "B" Company of the Lorne Scots, this centrally located, mid-size, rectangular Baronial style building has a low-pitched gable roof. The Lorne Scots Regimental Museum is located behind the Brampton Armoury.

Lornescots shoulder.jpg
Brandon Armoury
1116 Victoria Avenue
1907-8 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1994 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Brandon Manitoba

A solid looking Baronial style structure constructed of brick and stone featuring a three-storey midsection located in a mixed commercial and residential area.

Brantford Armoury
18 Brant Avenue
1893 Henry James [6] David Ewart 1992 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Brantford Ontario

Housing 56th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA, centrally located near the War Memoria; the Baronial style drill hall with a low-pitched gable roof is fronted by a monumental, fortress-like façade of brick and stone.

Brockville Armoury
1-9 East Avenue facing 144 King St E
1900-1 David Ewart 1990 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Brockville Ontario Housing The Brockville Rifles, this centrally located, large, low-massed, stone structure in the Baronial style style features a low-pitched gable roof.
Burford Armoury
King Street
1905 David Ewart Burford Ontario

This centrally located, large, low-massed, structure in the Baronial style style features a low-pitched gable roof.

Mewata Drill Hall / Calgary Drill Hall
801 11th St. SW,[7][8]
1916-17 (completed) Edgar Lewis Horwood 1989 National Historic Sites of Canada; Recognized - 1984 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; Calgary
51°02′45″N 114°05′20″W / 51.04583°N 114.08889°W / 51.04583; -114.08889 (Mewata Armouries)
Alberta

Housing The Calgary Highlanders, this centrally located large-scale, low-massed drill hall in the Tudorbethan style, whose scale and prominent location of which exemplifies the national pride that greeted Canada's strong performance in the South African War and the First World War.

Exterior view of the south side of the Mewata Armoury
Cambridge Armoury
Ainslie Street South
1914-5 David Ewart 1987 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Cambridge Ontario

Housing The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada, this centrally located, brick and stone Baronial style structure features a façade, flanking towers and a low-pitched gable roof; it projects a solid, fortified appearance.

Water Street Armoury
169 to 171 Water Street
Campbellton New Brunswick
Cape Breton Armoury Cape Breton, Nova Scotia Nova Scotia drill hall with a low-pitched gable roof
Queen Charlotte Armoury
Water Street at Haviland Street
Charlottetown Prince Edward Island
Chatham Armoury
Colborne Street
1905 David Ewart Chatham Ontario

Housing The Essex and Kent Scottish, this two-storey, red brick Baronial style structure with a low-pitched gable roof.

Galipoli Armoury
O'Connell Drive
Corner Brook Newfoundland Large centrally located building with a low-pitched gable roof.
Cornwall Armoury
505 4th Street East at Marlborough Street
1938-9 Charles D. Sutherland 1996 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Cornwall, Ontario Ontario

Housing The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders, and Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders Regimental Museum [9] this centrally located Tudorbethan building with a low-pitched gable roof was constructed of buff-coloured brick with stone trim.

Cornwall Armoury.jpg
Coaticook Armoury 1914 David Ewart Coaticook Quebec

This Baronial style building has a low-pitched gable roof.

Coaticook photodepoque9.jpg
Cobourg Armoury
King Street
1904 David Ewart Cobourg Ontario

Housing The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, this Baronial style building has a low-pitched gable roof.

Arm Lads Brigade Armoury
PO Box 83
17 Museum Rd.[10]
1910 David Ewart Durrell Newfoundland and Labrador One-story red brick structure housing Durrell Museum [11]
St. Lambert Armoury structure housing the Chateauguay Regiment 1928 Simeon Brais St. Lambert Quebec
St-Louis Street Armoury
250 St-Louis Street
Drummondville Quebec
Dundas Armoury
King Street at Market Street
1900 David Ewart Dundas Ontario

Large centrally located Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Durham Armoury
Garafraxa Street
1908 David Ewart Durham Ontario

Large centrally located Romanesque Revival building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Connaught Armoury
85th Avenue
1911 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Edmonton Alberta

The oldest armoury in Alberta, this two-storey, rectangular brick Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof, was built in the historic district to house 19th Alberta Dragoons.

ConnaughtArmoury-s01.jpg
Prince of Wales Armouries Heritage Centre
10440 - 108 Avenue
1913-5 Donald Norman MacVicar Canada's Register of Historic Places Edmonton, Alberta Alberta

Two-storey, rectangular brick and sandstone Tudorbethan building with distinctive corner towers evocative of medieval castle design on 0.96 hectares just north of the commercial centre houses The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Military Museum,[12] City of Edmonton Archives [13] and Telephone Historical Centre [14]

Prince of Wales Armouries Edmonton Alberta Canada 04A.jpg
Hudson's Bay Company Stables Ortona Armoury
9722 - 102 Street
1914 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Edmonton, Alberta Alberta

Restored two-storey, U-shaped Baronial style building with load bearing brick walls and stone detailing.

Land Titles Building – Victoria Armoury
10523 - 100 Avenue
1893 Thomas Fuller (architect) Canada's Register of Historic Places Edmonton, Alberta Alberta

One and one-half storey Neo-Gothic style building of brick covered in stucco.

Former Elora Drill Shed [15]
40 High Street, Centre Wellington
1865 (completed) 1989 National Historic Sites of Canada Elora
43°40′48.2″N 80°25′44.01″W / 43.680056°N 80.4288917°W / 43.680056; -80.4288917 (Former Elora Drill Shed)
Ontario

"This handsome Tudorbethan stone structure, built in 1865, is a rare surviving example of early drill hall architecture in Canada. During the 1860s, the American Civil War and the Fenian Raids raised fears for the defence of British North America. In response, the Canadian militia was strengthened, and many rural communities erected drill halls to train their volunteers. Notable for its classical proportions, its semicircular fanlight over the door and oculus in the gable, this is an unusually well-constructed building of its type." Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada plaque

Former Elora Drill Shed NHS.jpg
Enderby Drill Hall
George Street
1914 David Ewart Enderby British Columbia

Built for $15,000 of Enderby bricks on donated land, the 42' x 92' Baronial style building, which housed C. Squadron B.C. Horse and the 172nd Battalion Rocky Mountain Rangers, has a birch floor and a single front door.[16]

Carlton Street Armoury
Campbell Street and Carleton Street
Fredericton New Brunswick

Housing 1st Battalion, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (Carlton and York), this centrally located, drill hall projects a solid, fortified appearance.

Fraserville Armoury 1910 David Ewart Fraserville Quebec

Designed in a Baronial style style, this centrally located massive, fortress-like building is centrally located.

Gagetown Drill Hall 1954 Gordon S. Adamson & Associates D5 Recognized - 2004; H12 Recognized - 2004 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Gagetown New Brunswick

Large centrally located building with a low-pitched gable roof.

H12
Galt Armoury
Mill Street
1914 David Ewart Galt Ontario

Large centrally located Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Galt Armoury.jpg
Salaberry Armoury
188 Alexandre Taché Blvd & and boul St-Joseph
1938 (completed) Lucien Sarra-Bournet Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1993 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Gatineau Quebec

Centrally located Romanesque Revival building with a steeply pitched gable roof houses Régiment de Hull.

Salaberry Armoury.JPG
Col J.R. Barber Armoury
91 Todd Road
Canada's Register of Historic Places Georgetown Ontario

Centrally located structure with a low-pitched gable roof houses "C" Company, 32 Canadian Brigade Group

Lornescots shoulder.jpg
Memorial Avenue Armoury
1A Memorial Avenue
Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador
Guelph Armoury
Farquahar Street at Wyndham Street
1906-7 David Ewart 1991 Recognized on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; Canada's Register of Historic Places Guelph Ontario

Housing 11th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA, designed in a late Baronial style style, this centrally located massive, fortress-like brick building is heavily ornamented and centrally located on a sloped site.

Guelph armory 2004 0701AB.jpg
Halifax Armoury
2667 North Park Street at Cunard Street
1895-99 (completed) Thomas Fuller (architect) National Historic Sites of Canada; Classified - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Halifax, Nova Scotia Nova Scotia

Housing 1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery Regiment, and The Princess Louise Fusiliers this large, urban, Neo-Gothic style drill hall, was built for the active militia, of red rough faced brick.

Halifax Armoury.JPG
John Weir Foote Armoury
200 James Street North
1887 Henry James[17] 1888-1908 Thomas Fuller (architect)/ David Ewart 1989 National Historic Sites of Canada;1991 Classified on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Hamilton
43°15′42.76″N 79°51′58.42″W / 43.2618778°N 79.8662278°W / 43.2618778; -79.8662278 (John Weir Foote Armoury)
Ontario

Named after John Weir Foote, one large Neo-Gothic style Dominion style complex is composed of two armouries. The north section of the building is representative of the second evolutionary stage in drill hall construction in Canada (in the 1870s to 1890s). Houses Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's); The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment); 2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA.

Exterior view of the John Weir Foote Armoury
JR Vicars Armoury
1221 Mcgill Rd
1902 David Ewart Kamloops British Columbia Housing The Rocky Mountain Rangers, this Baronial style structure is centrally located.
Brigadier Angle Armoury
720 Lawrence Avenue
1904 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1997 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Kelowna, British Columbia British Columbia One-storey, T-shaped Baronial style structure with a hipped-roof, clad in aluminum siding.
Joliette Armoury
Park Street
1909 David Ewart Joliette, Quebec Quebec

This Baronial style structure is centrally located.

Kingston Drill Hall
100 Montreal Street
1899-1899 David Ewart 1989 Classified on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Kingston Ontario

Housing The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment and Princess of Wales' Own Regiment Military Museum [18] this two-storey, heavy stone Baronial style structure is located in a residential and commercial district in the former Royal Artillery Park.

Kitchener Armoury
350 East Avenue
Kitchener Ontario

Housing Waterloo Region Corp 1596 (Royal Canadian Army Cadets) & KW Spitfire Squadron (Royal Canadian Air Cadets) WWII Canadian Women’s Army Corps monument (2000) 6’4” high bronze by André Gauthier (sculptor)

Lévis Armoury
10 de l'Arsenal Street; St. David Street at St. Antoine Street
1911-4 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; Lévis Quebec

Housing Le Régiment de la Chaudière, this centrally located two-storey Baronial style stone structure has a copper hipped roof.

Manège militaire de Lévis 02.jpg
London Armoury
Dundas, Richmond, Wellington and King Street
1902-3 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; London Ontario

Housing 4th Battalion The Royal Canadian Regiment, this large centrally located Baronial style building has a low-pitched gable roof.

London Armories02.jpg
Matane Armoury
374 St. Jerome Street
1913 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Matane Quebec

Centrally located two-storey, red brick Baronial style building with a green-painted, metal clad hipped roof.

Manège militaire de Matane.jpg
St Jerôme Street Armoury
374-376 St Jerôme Street
Matane, Quebec Quebec
Middleton Armoury
150 Commercial Street
1902 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1993 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Middleton Nova Scotia

Centrally located, Baronial style building with wooden construction and classical detailing.

George Street Armoury
George Street
Miramichi New Brunswick
Canadian Grenadier Guards’ Armoury
4171 Esplanade Avenue
1913-14 Donald Norman MacVicar Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1994 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montreal Quebec Large, two-storey, brick Baronial style drill hall with a low-pitched gable roof is on a residential streetscape in Montreal. Manege militaire The Canadian Grenadier Guards 02.jpg
Black Watch Armoury
2067 Bleury Street
1905-06 (completed) Samuel Arnold Finley and David Jerome Spence[19] 2008 National Historic Sites of Canada;Recognized - 1994 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montreal
45°30′28.37″N 73°34′11.38″W / 45.5078806°N 73.5698278°W / 45.5078806; -73.5698278 (Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada Armoury)
Quebec

The centrally located two-storey, brick Baronial style drill hall with a stone-clad façade is home to The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada and regimental museum, one of Canada's oldest regiments and its oldest surviving Highland Regiment; a testament to the important roles played by armouries in Canada's military history.

View of the entrance to the Black Watch Armoury in Montreal
Côte des Neiges Armoury
4185 Chemin de la Côte des Neiges
1934-35 Thomas W. Fuller Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montreal, Quebec Quebec

On a treed site on the southwest perimeter of Mount Royal Park, this Châteauesque structure houses The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal); 2nd Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery.

Caserne Cote-des-Neiges Armoury.jpg
Victoria Rifles Armoury
691 Cathcart Street
1933 Thomas W. Fuller Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1984 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montreal, Quebec Quebec

Housing Le Régiment de Maisonneuve, this Gothic Revival armoury`s two-dimensional façade with a low-pitched gable roof is pressed up against its urban streetscape.

Manege Cathcart.jpg
Westmount Armoury
4625 Ste-Catherine Street West
1925 Richard Cotsman Wright Canada's Register of Historic Places Westmount, Quebec Quebec

Housing The Royal Montreal Regiment, and regimental museum, this two-storey, red brick Châteauesque building in a residential neighbourhood is set in landscaped grounds planted with mature trees.

Royal Montreal Regiment.jpg
St-Joseph Boulevard E Armoury
160 St-Joseph Boulevard E
Montreal, Quebec Quebec
Manège Henri-Julien
3721 Henri Julien Street
1911 Raoul Adolphe Brassard Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1992 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montreal, Quebec Quebec

Housing Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, this centrally located Baronial style armoury, which includes a regimental museum, is on a corner site, in a densely packed, mixed neighbourhood.

Armoury of the Fusiliers Mont-Royal.jpg
Montmagny Armoury
Depot Street
1915 Edgar L. Horwood Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montmagny, Quebec Quebec

Centrally located, mid-size, rectangular Romanesque Revival building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Colonel D. V. Currie VC Armoury
1215 Main Street North
1913-14 David Ewart 1998 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Moose Jaw Saskatchewan

Large, low-massed Baronial style brick structure is located in a mixed commercial, recreational and residential neighbourhood. Currently the home of the Saskatchewan Dragoons; it has housed 95th Saskatchewan Rifles, the 60th Rifles, the King’s Own Rifles of Canada, the 77th Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery, the 19th Medical Company, Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, and the 142nd Transport Company, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps.

Naden Armoury
CFB Esquimalt
1935-6 Karl Branwhite Spurgin [20] Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Naden British Columbia

Large centrally located Royal Canadian Navy Drill Hall & Administration Building with a low-pitched gable roof (33-33A-33B).

Napanee Armoury
Centre Street
1914 David Ewart Napanee Ontario

Large centrally located Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof.

New Glasgow Armoury
Skinner Street at Kemp Street
New Glasgow Nova Scotia

Housing The Nova Scotia Highlanders, this centrally located building has a flat roof.

New Westminster Armoury
530 Queen's Ave
1895 Thomas Fuller (architect) Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1987 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings New Westminster British Columbia

Large, low-massed, rectangular Neo-Gothic style structure on a centrally located sloping site houses Royal Westminster Regiment.

Niagara Falls Armoury
5049 Victoria Avenue at South Street
1907-10 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Niagara Falls Ontario

Centrally located two-storey red brick and stone Baronial style structure with a limestone foundation, featuring a triple Tudorbethan gothic arch and is surrounded by lawn, with flat, open grounds to the rear.

10 cm K 17 Niagara Falls 2009 10.jpg
Colonel R. S. McLaughlin Armoury
53 Simcoe Street North
1914 David Ewart Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Oshawa Ontario

Centrally located, large Baronial style brick structure with a low-pitched gable roof on a compact site. Regimental headquarters of The Ontario Regiment (RCAC) and its affiliated #1913 (Ontario Regiment) Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps.

Cartier Square Drill Hall
2 Queen Elizabeth Drive
1879-80 Thomas Seaton Scott Classified - 1985 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Ottawa Ontario

Large centrally located Dominion style Gothic Revival building with a low-pitched gable roof houses The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own) and The Governor General's Foot Guards.

Cartier Square, Drill Hall.jpg
Col Welsford MacDonald Armoury
31 Union Street (off Dawson Street)
Pictou Nova Scotia

Housing The Nova Scotia Highlanders, this centrally located building has a flat roof.

Lieutenant Colonel William (Billy) Mulherin
Madawaska Road
Grand Falls New Brunswick

Housing “C” Company of the The Royal New Brunswick Regiment, and 314 Squadron Air Cadets this centrally located, drill hall projects a solid, fortified appearance.

Oakville Armoury Canada's Register of Historic Places Oakville Ontario

Large centrally located building with a low-pitched gable roof; home of A company, The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment), 32 Canadian Brigade Group.

Lornescots shoulder.jpg
Pembroke Armoury
177 Victoria Street
1913-14 David Ewart Recognized - 1992 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Pembroke, Ontario Ontario

Large centrally located Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Petawawa Armoury Petawawa, Ontario Ontario

Housing 1st and 3rd Battalion The Royal Canadian Regiment, this large centrally located building has a low-pitched gable roof.

Peterborough Drill Hall [21]
220 Murray Street,
1907-8 (completed) David Ewart 1989 National Historic Sites of Canada; 1990 Classified on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Peterborough
44°18′31.16″N 78°19′20.26″W / 44.3086556°N 78.3222944°W / 44.3086556; -78.3222944 (Peterborough Drill Hall / Armoury)
Ontario

"Riding a wave of national pride and military enthusiasm following the South African War (1899-1902), the Canadian government embarked on a major reform of the nation's defence system. The new programme included an expanded and upgraded militia and the construction of new armouries across the country. Recalling a Baronial style fortress in its turrets, arched troop doors and crenellated roof line, this is one of the largest and best designed examples from this period. It is home to the Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces (Reserve)." Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada

A detail of the exterior of the Peterborough armoury
Port Arthur Armoury
Park Street at Second Street
1913-14 David Ewart Port Arthur Ontario

A centrally located large brick Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Prince Albert Armoury
10th Street East at 8th Avenue East
1914 Edgar L. Horwood Recognized - 1988 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Saskatchewan

A large brick Romanesque Revival building with a low-pitched gable roof is centrally located on open terrain adjacent to exhibition grounds.

Portage la Prairie Armoury
143 Second Street
1912-13 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1998 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Portage la Prairie Manitoba

Centrally located in a newer residential area, the two-storey, flat-roofed, red brick Baronial style building has a stone basement and trim.

[2]
Grande Allée Drill Hall
Cove Field, 805 Wilfrid-Laurier Ave [22][23][24]
1887 (completed) Eugène-Étienne Taché; 1888 Henry James;[25] 1986 National Historic Sites of Canada; Classified - 1987 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Quebec City
46°48′22.68″N 71°12′50.4″W / 46.8063000°N 71.214000°W / 46.8063000; -71.214000 (Grande Allée Drill Hall)
Quebec

Designed to house Les Voltigeurs de Québec, it was the precursor of the Chateau-style in Canadian architecture; unique among armouries in Canada due to its design, it was heavily damaged by fire in 2008.

Headquarters and Barracks of Les Voltigeurs de Québec, Quebec City Canada. In the foreground is the Regimental War Memorial.
Quebec Armoury and HMCS Montcalm Training Centre
835 Laurier Avenue East
1938-9 Charles D. Sutherland Canada's Register of Historic Places Quebec City, Quebec Quebec

Overlooking the historic battlefield of Quebec, the rectangular 3-storey stone building is in the picturesque Chateau-style.

Rossland Armoury 1904 David Ewart Rossland British Columbia

Centrally located, the Baronial style building has a gable roof.

Barrack Green Armoury
60 Broadview Avenue (Carmarthen Street at Broadview Avenue)
1910-11 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Saint John New Brunswick

Visible from the town centre, the large, solid, two-storey, rectangular Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof is on a hillside within the industrial sector.

Sussex Armoury 1902 David Ewart Sussex New Brunswick

Centrally located, the Baronial style building has a low-pitched gable roof.

Prince Edward Island Regiment Armoury
33 Summer Street
1910-1911 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Summerside Prince Edward Island

Centrally located stone and brick Baronial style building replaced an earlier military Drill Shed.

Red Deer Armoury
Fire Hall #1
4905 - 49 Street
1913 Charles Arthur Julian Sharman Canada's Register of Historic Places Red Deer Alberta

A two and one-half storey rectangular solid brick building in the Edwardian Baroque Free Style.

Regina Armoury
1600 Elphinstone Avenue
1928 Thomas W. Fuller Recognized - 1998 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Regina Saskatchewan

This centrally located Romanesque Revival fortress like building with a low-pitched gable roof is in a modern residential neighbourhood adjacent to the Regina Exhibition Grounds. Organizations that use the armoury include: Regina units of 38 Canadian Brigade Group: 10th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, Royal Regina Rifles, 16th (Saskatchewan) Service Battalion, 16th Medical Company, cadet corps and the Military Museum of Saskatchewan.

Rimouski Armoury
65 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Street East
1910-11 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Rimouski Quebec

Housing Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent, this centrally located red brick Baronial style structure`s compact, solid volume creates a strong visual presence.

Rivière-du-Loup Armoury
Joly Street
1904 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Rivière-du-Loup Quebec

Centrally located, symmetrical Baronial style building whose two two-storey wings flank the dominant centre pavilion.

Rouyn Armoury
Perreault Street E
1935-6 Thomas W. Fuller Recognized - 1983 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Rouyn Quebec

Centrally located, symmetrical Baronial style building with a steeply pitched gable roof.

William Street Armoury
315 William St Sherbrooke QC J1H 4E8 Tel 819.564.4252
Sherbrooke Quebec

The front facing portion is the former Sherbrooke Court House, convenient to the adjacent former Winter Street Prison. The layout is a central hallway with two former courtrooms behind the front facade, offices beyond, QM in the basement and a mess on the entire second floor. A large steel gable roof drill hall is nested behind the offices, and is accessible from a large door on Winter Street.

William Street Armoury, Sherbrooke, Quebec.jpg
Belvédère Street Armoury
Belvedere Road South
1907-8 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Sherbrooke Quebec

Housing Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, this large centrally located Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof, has a large, unobstructed drill hall space.

Parade militaire.jpg
LCol Daniel J Murray Armoury
72 North Street
Springhill Nova Scotia

Housing The Nova Scotia Highlanders, this centrally located building has a flat roof.

St. Catharines Armoury
81 Lake Street at Elizabeth Street
1905 David Ewart Recognized 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; St. Catharines Ontario

Housing The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, and 10th Battary, 56th Field Regiment RCA [26] this centrally located large, brick Baronial style structure with a low-pitched gable roof, has a sturdy, military appearance.

Armoury, St Catharines, Ontario 01.jpg
Laframboise Street Armoury
2155 Laframboise Blvd
1905-6 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places;Recognized - 2005 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec

Housing 6th Battalion of Royal 22e Régiment, this centrally-located brick and stone Baronial style building is composed of a drill hall, a simple rectangular block with a gable roof, and the north block.

Québec - Citadelle de Québec - je me souviens 1.jpg
St Jean Baptiste Street Armoury
St-Jean-Baptiste Street
Rimouski Quebec
CWO Couture OMM, CD drill hall building 16 2012 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec

Housing Royal Military College Saint-Jean

CWO Couture Building RMC Saint-Jean.jpg
St. Mary's Armouries
26 Water Street South
1868 St. Marys Ontario

Centrally-located three-storey limestone Tudorbethan building.

St. Thomas Armoury
Chester and Wilson Streets
1901-2 David Ewart Recognized - 1992 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings St. Thomas, Ontario Ontario

Housing 7 Engineer Squadron 31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins), this centrally located rectangular, gable-roofed Baronial style building is of solid, compact appearance.

Stratford Armoury
Waterloo Street at Albert Street
1904-05 Hubert Carroll McBride Recognized - 1992 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Stratford, Ontario Ontario

Housing 4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment, this centrally located fortress-like Romanesque Revival brick building with a low-pitched gable roof features prominent corner towers.

Strathcona Armoury 1911-12 David Ewart Strathcona Alberta

Centrally located rectangular, gable-roofed Baronial style building of solid, compact appearance.

Strathroy Armoury
Frank Street at James Street
1907 David Ewart Strathroy Ontario

Centrally located rectangular, gable-roofed Baronial style building of solid, compact appearance.

Thunder Bay Armoury
317 Park Avenue
1913 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Thunder Bay, Ontario Ontario

Housing The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment, this two-storey, gable-roofed Baronial style drill hall is centrally located.

Toronto Drill Hall
University Avenue at Armoury Street
1891-93 Thomas Fuller (architect) and Henry Langley Toronto, Ontario Ontario

Neo-Gothic style Dominion style building which formerly held 25 Field Ambulance; 48th Highlanders of Canada; 7th Toronto Regiment Royal Canadian Artillery; and The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada was demolished 1963.

The Armouries Toronto.JPG
Moss Park Armoury
130 Queen Street East
Canada's Register of Historic Places Toronto, Ontario Ontario

Housing 25 Field Ambulance, 48th Highlanders of Canada, 7th Toronto Regiment Royal Canadian Artillery, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada and 32 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters. This large centrally located building has a low-pitched gable roof.

Moss Park Armoury.JPG
Fort York Armoury
660-700 Fleet Street
1933-35 Ferdinand Herbert Marani of Marani, Lawson and Morris 1991 Federal Heritage building; on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Toronto, Ontario Ontario

Designed in an industrial area of Toronto; this large, two-storey, drill hall with a concrete, vaulted roof is home to The Royal Regiment of Canada, Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment), The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Own), 32 Canadian Brigade Group.

Fort York Armoury Entrance.jpg
Denison Armoury
1 Yukon Lane
Canada's Register of Historic Places Toronto, Ontario Ontario

Large centrally located building with a low-pitched gable roof houses 32 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters; The Governor General's Horse Guards; 2 Intelligence Company; 32 Combat Engineer Regiment; 32 Service Battalion; 32 Military Police Platoon; 2 Area Support Group Signal Squadron Charlie Troop; ASU Toronto.

Général Jean-Victor Allard Armoury
574 St. Francois-Xavier Street, corner of Sainte Geneviève
1905-6 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Trois-Rivières, Quebec Quebec

Housing 12e Régiment blindé du Canada, and their regimental museum, this two-storey, functional red brick Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof is located in a residential neighbourhood.

ManegeMilitaireTroisRivieres1.jpg
Truro Armoury
126 Willow Street
1874 Thomas Seaton Scott Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Truro Nova Scotia

Housing 1st Battalion, The Nova Scotia Highlanders, this centrally located box-like Dominion style Neo-Gothic style building with a flat roof was designed with classical inspiration.

[3]
Seaforth Armoury
1650 Burrard Street
1936 (completed) Thomas W. Fuller Canada's Register of Historic Places;Classified - 1997 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Vancouver British Columbia

Designed by architects McCarter and Nairne, the massive, low-massed, asymmetrical, concrete Romanesque Revival structure with a fortified appearance is as a Class A Heritage Building in downtown Vancouver housing The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada.

Seaforth Armoury.jpg
Tommy Holmes VC Memorial Armoury 858-10th Street East Owen Sound Ontario

Houses "A" Company of The Grey and Simcoe Foresters. Tommy Holmes was Canada's youngest Victoria Cross winner

Lt. Col. James Pemberton Fell Armoury 1914 David Ewart Recognized - 1988 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Vancouver British Columbia

Large centrally located Baronial style building with a low-pitched gable roof adjacent to a residential area and Mahon Park. The Armoury, which houses the 6 Field Engineer Museum, was named for the first Commanding Officer of 6th Field Company. [27]

Beatty Street Drill Hall
620 Beatty Street at Dunsmuir Street
1899-1900 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Vancouver landmark and class-A heritage building Vancouver British Columbia

Built to house The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own), this massive, low-massed symmetrically composed Baronial style structure with two large castle-like turrets complete with battlements, whose main entrance is a central troop door.

Beatty Street Drill Hall 1901
Bessborough Armoury
2025 West 11th Avenue
1932-3 Thomas W. Fuller Canada's Register of Historic Places; Vancouver Inventory of heritage buildings "B" Category; Recognized - 1997 - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; Vancouver British Columbia

Large Romanesque Revival structure with a low-pitched gable roof on a flat site faced by mature trees within an area of containing light industry, and adjacent to a residential area.

North Vancouver Armoury
15th Street at Forbes Avenue
1914 David Ewart Vancouver British Columbia

Centrally located box-like Baronial style building with a flat roof with classical inspiration.

Brigadier Murphy Armoury
29th & 21st Avenue ASU Chilliwack (Vernon)
1913 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1997 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Vernon British Columbia

Designed from a standard plan, this two-storey Baronial style drill hall has simple horizontal massing and modest but strong detailing.

Lt. General E. C. Ashton Armoury
724 Vanalman Avenue
1994 Victoria British Columbia Houses 11 (Victoria) Service Battalion, 11 (Victoria) Medical Company, 11 Military Police Platoon, the Lieutenant-General E. C. Ashton Museum [28] and No. 3005, Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps (11 (Victoria) Service Battalion
Bay Street Drill Hall [29] at McBride Street 1913-14 William Ridgway Wilson 1989 National Historic Sites of Canada;Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Victoria
48°26′6.75″N 123°21′50.16″W / 48.4352083°N 123.3639333°W / 48.4352083; -123.3639333 (Bay Street Drill Hall)
British Columbia Built to house the Fifth Regiment; Housing The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's), this large fortress-like Baronial style structure of brick, steel and concrete features towers, crenellated turrets, and detailing with Tudorbethan elements. Built during the 1896 to 1918 period when over 100 drill halls and armouries were erected across Canada; its scale reflects the dramatic increase in military participation following Canada’s performance during the Second Boer War.
Menzies Street Drill Hall 1889 Henry James Victoria British Columbia

In addition to the Drill Hall, this complex consisted of Guard House, officers residences, and quartermaster's stores for the Militia Dept. [30]

Virden Armoury Bay Street at McBride Street 1913 [[David Ewart] Virden Manitoba

This gable-roofed Baronial style drill hall is centrally located.

Tommy Prince Drill Hall
CFB Wainwright
Wainwright Alberta Named in honour of Sergeant Tommy Prince
Walkerton Armoury 1907 David Ewart Walkerton Ontario

This gable-roofed Baronial style drill hall is centrally located.

Wellington Armoury
23 High Street
Canada's Register of Historic Places Wellington Ontario

Located at the northeast corner of High and Clyde Streets, abutting the Grand River, in the former Village of Elora.

Maj FA Tilson VC Armoury
353 Freedom Way
1899-02 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places Windsor Ontario

Housing The Essex and Kent Scottish, this two-storey, red brick Baronial style structure with a three-storey tower is centrally-located.

Windsor Armouries.jpg
Winnipeg Drill Hall & B8-Drill Hall (Korea Hall)
1984 Grant Avenue
Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg
1941 Charles D. Sutherland Drill Hall Building 21 Recognized - 1997; Drill Hall Korea Hall B8 Recognized - 2004 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Winnipeg Manitoba

Large centrally located wood, metal and brick building with a low-pitched gable roof with a large interior space for the drill hall, and low, shed-roofed ‘lean-tos’ running along its north and south elevations.

B21, B8
Minto Armoury
St. Matthew's Avenue at Minto Street
1914-15 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Winnipeg Manitoba

Centrally located large, red brick Baronial style style structure, exemplified by sturdy, crenellated corner towers and low arched roof.

McGregor Armoury
515 Machray Avenue
1914-5 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1994 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings; Winnipeg Manitoba

Housing The Fort Garry Horse and The Fort Garry Horse Museum and Archives,[31] this centrally located drill hall has Baronial style façades; stepped parapet profiles, low arched troop door and corner towers.

Woodstock Armoury
Chapel Street
1904-5 David Ewart Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Woodstock New Brunswick

Centrally located, symmetrical Baronial style building with two two-storey wings flanking a central pavilion.

Yorkton Armoury
56 1st Avenue (Smith Street at Betts Avenue)
1939 Charles D. Sutherland Recognized - 1998 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Yorkton Saskatchewan

Centrally located two-storey T-shaped building with a low-pitched gable roof.

Yorkton Armoury.JPG

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/appendix_a List of Dominion Architects of Canada
  2. ^ http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org Chief Dominion Architect
  3. ^ "Henry James inf. from M. Archibald, By Federal Design: The Chief Architects Branch of the Department of Public Works 1881-1914". Dictionary of architects in Canada. Retrieved 15 Aug 2014. 
  4. ^ "Paul Weatherbe inf. from M. Archibald, By Federal Design: The Chief Architects Branch of the Department of Public Works 1881-1914". Dictionary of architects in Canada. Retrieved 15 Aug 2014. 
  5. ^ Directory of Federal Real Property Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
  6. ^ Henry James
  7. ^ Mewata Drill Hall / Calgary Drill Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  8. ^ Metawa Drill Hall, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  9. ^ Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders Regimental Museum
  10. ^ Arm Lads Brigade Armoury
  11. ^ Durrell Museum
  12. ^ Loyal Edmonton Regiment Military Museum
  13. ^ City of Edmonton Archives
  14. ^ Telephone Historical Centre
  15. ^ Former Elora Drill Shed. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  16. ^ Enderby Drill Hall
  17. ^ Henry James
  18. ^ Princess of Wales' Own Regiment Military Museum
  19. ^ "Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada Armoury National Historic Site". Designations of National Historic Signifigance. Parks Canada. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "Karl Branwhite Spurgin". Dictionary of architects in Canada. Retrieved 14 Aug 2014. 
  21. ^ Peterborough Drill Hall / Armoury. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  22. ^ "Grande Allée Drill Hall". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 2011-08-27. 
  23. ^ Grande Allée Drill Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  24. ^ "Final Report - Public Consultations on the Future of Quebec City's Grande-Allée Armoury". 29 September 2009. Public Works and Government Services Canada. Retrieved 4 September 2011. [dead link]
  25. ^ Henry James
  26. ^ http://www.army-armee.forces.gc.ca/en/56-field-artillery-regiment/index.page
  27. ^ http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/nic-inm/sm-rm/mdsr-rdr-eng.asp?PID=6875 Lt. Col. James Pemberton Fell Armoury
  28. ^ Lt. General E. C. Ashton Armoury Museum
  29. ^ Bay Street Drill Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  30. ^ "Henry James". Dictionary of architects in Canada. Retrieved 14 Aug 2014. 
  31. ^ The Fort Garry Horse Museum and Archives

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External links[edit]