List of artistic depictions of Mahatma Gandhi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A boy in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu dressed as Mahatma Gandhi.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha — the resistance of alleged tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence — which inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known in India and across the world with the honorific Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā — "Great Soul") and as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ bāpu — "Father"). In India, he is recognised as the Father of the Nation by the political class and 2 October, his birthday, is commemorated each year on Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday and dry day.

Currency and stamps[edit]

In 1996, the Government of India introduced the Mahatma Gandhi series of currency notes in rupees 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 denomination. Today, all the currency notes in circulation in India contain a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1969, the United Kingdom issued a series of stamps commemorating the centenary of Mahatma Gandhi.

There have been approximately 250 stamps issued bearing Gandhi's image from 80 different countries worldwide.[1]

Film[edit]

Memorials, paintings, sculptures, and statues[edit]

There have been numerous memorials to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. In New Delhi, Gandhi Smriti, or Birla House, the home of Ghanshyam Das Birla, where Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948, was acquired by the Government of India in 1971 and opened to the public in 1973 as the Gandhi Smriti or "Gandhi Remembrance". It preserves the room where Mahatma Gandhi lived the last four months of his life and the grounds where he was shot while holding his nightly public walk. A Martyr's Column now marks the place where Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated.

In 1988, India donated a bust of Gandhi to the city of Burgos, Spain, which is located in a park.[4] The city of Pietermaritzburg, South Africa—where Gandhi was ejected from a first-class train in 1893—now hosts a commemorative statue that was unveiled during the 2003 Cricket World Cup by the Indian team led by captain Saurav Ganguly. In the United Kingdom, there are several prominent statues of Gandhi, most notably in Tavistock Square, London near University College London where he studied law. 30 January is commemorated in the United Kingdom as the "National Gandhi Remembrance Day." In the United States, there are statues of Gandhi outside the Union Square Park in New York City, and the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site in Atlanta, and a Gandhi Monument on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C., near the Indian Embassy. There is a Gandhi statue in San Francisco Embarcadero Neighborhood. In 2009, a statue of Gandhi was installed outside the Bellevue Library in Washington state.[5] There are wax statues of Gandhi at the Madame Tussaud's wax museums in London, New York, and other cities around the world.

Józef Gosławski designed a caricature of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1932, which was cast in bronze in 2007.

Music videos[edit]

Television[edit]

  • 2002-3: Gandhi is a main character in the animated series Clone High.
  • 2004:"One World: Telecom Italia 'Gandhi' ": An award-winning television commercial produced by Y&R, Italy and directed by Spike Lee. It depicts Gandhi broadcasting a speech during World War II, reaching audiences through the use of digital technology.[8][9]

Theater[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Most Visible Indian in the World of Stamps
  2. ^ Jha, Subhash (2007-03-19). "'I'm pleased with Hirani's Gandhigiri,' says Gandhi's grandson". IANS. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  3. ^ "Anna Hazare watches film on Gandhi". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Gandhi en Burgos ABC, 12 March 2007
  5. ^ Long, Katherine (16 October 2009). "Gandhi's statue a rare gift in recognition of Bellevue-India ties". The Seattle Times. 
  6. ^ "MC Yogi Debuts "Be The Change" Music Video Celebrating Ghandi's Life + Legacy". PRWeb. 4 October 12. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ Yogi, MC (3 October 12). ""Happy Birthday to A Real Super Hero: Mahatma Gandhi"". Huffington Post. Retrieved 11 October 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. ^ CGSociety (28 September 2004). "Spike Lee and Framestore CFC Team Up for Telecom Italia Spot".  Youtube clip
  9. ^ Adforum: Epica Awards 2004
  10. ^ World: South Asia Gandhi play banned