List of asanas

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Hatha yoga asanas were first described in the sutras. In modern times as more books were written by different yogi or guru, the nomenclature has diverged. For example Hanumanasana, the supported version of which is typically called "Runner's Stretch" by Kripalu practitioners. Also, a "Flat Back Forward Bend" in the Shivananda system is referred to as "Stretching Pose" in both Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga and Bikram Yoga.[citation needed]

Sanskrit transliteration Sanskrit English Image Classification
Adho Mukha Śvānāsana अधोमुखश्वानासन Downward-Facing Dog Pose Ado-muka-shvanasana.jpg Arm Balance and Forward Bend.
Adho Mukha Vṛkṣāsana अधोमुखवृक्षासन Downward-Facing Tree (Full Arm Balance) AcroDanceHandstand.jpg Arm Balance
Ākarṇa Dhanurāsana आकर्णधनुरासन Bow posture up to ear Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Anantāsana अनन्तासन Ananta's pose. Ananta was a beast that would transport lord Vishnu Anantāsana-posture of ananta.jpg Supine Leg stretch
Anjaneyasana अञ्जनेयरासन Honorable Pose, Crescent Moon, Crescent Lunge Captura de pantalla 2011-05-01 a las 12.13.14.png Standing asana (Hip opener)
Ardha Candrāsana अर्धचन्द्रासन Half moon Ardha-Chandrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Ardha Matsyendrāsana अर्धमत्स्येन्द्रासन Half lord of the fishes pose Ardha-Matsyendrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Ardha Navāsana अर्धनावासन Half boat posture Ardha Navāsana-half-boat.jpg Abdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
Aṣṭāvakrāsana अर्धमत्स्येन्द्रासन Astavarkra's pose. Astavakra was a sage that appears in the Mahabarata Astavakrasana.jpg Arm SECe
Baddha Koṇāsana बद्धकोणसन Bound angle Baddha Koṇāsana-bound angle.jpg Sitting asana/Forward Bend (Upavista Sthiti/Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Bakāsana बकासन Crane Bakasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm Balance
Bālāsana बालासन Child's Pose Balasana.JPG Kneeling forward bend
Bharadvājāsana भरद्वाजासन Bharadvaja's twist Bharadvajasana1 (cropped).JPG Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Bhekāsana भेकासन Frog Bhekāsana-frog.jpg Backbend (Extension) (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Bhujaṅgāsana भुजङ्गासन Cobra Bhujangasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Bhujapīḍāsana भुजपीडासन Arm-pressing posture Bhujapidasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm balance
Bidalasana बिडालासन Cat Pose Kneeling
Caturaṅga Daṇḍāsana चतुरङ्गदण्डासन Four-Limbed Staff Chaturanga-Dandasana low Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm Balance
Daṇḍāsana दण्डासन Staff pose Dandasana yoga posture.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Dhanurāsana धनुरासन Bow Dhanurasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Dvi Pāda Sirsāsana द्विपादशिरसासन Both feet behind head (lit: two-footed head stand) Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Dvi Pāda Viparīta Daṇḍāsana द्विपदविपरीतदन्डासन Two-Legged Inverted Staff Pose Dwi Pada Viparita Dandasana.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Eka Pada Koundinyāsana I एकपादकौन्दिन्यासन Twisted one legged arm balance / Koundiya was the name of a sage Parivritta Eka Pada Koundinyasana.JPG Arm balance
Eka Pada Koundinyasana II एकपादकौन्दिन्यासन one legged arm balance with straight legs / Koundiya was the name of a sage Eka Pada koundinyasana.JPG Arm balance
Eka Pāda Rājakapotāsana I एकपादराजकपोतासन One-Legged King Pigeon Eka-Pada-Raja-Kapotasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ekapādaśīrṣāsana एकपादशीर्षासन Foot behind Head Pose Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Eka pāda śīrṣāsana एकपादशीर्षासन One legged supported head balance Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Garbhāsana गर्भासन Fetus Balasana or garbhasana.jpg
Garuḍāsana गरुडासन Eagle pose Garudasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Gomukhāsana गोमुखासन Cow faced pose Gomukhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Guptasana गुप्तसन
Halāsana हलासन Plough Halasana.jpg Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Hanumanāsana हनुमनासन Monkey Pose Hanumanasana - Hanuman's Posture - in Diagonal View.jpg Leg Stretch
Jānuśīrṣāsana जानुशीर्षासन Head-to-Knee Forward Bend Janusirsasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Jaṭharaparivartanāsana जठरपरिवर्तनासन Belly-revolving posture
Karṇapīḍāsana कपोतासन Ear-pressing Karnapidasana.jpg Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Krāuñcāsana क्रौञ्चासन Heron
Kukkuṭāsana कुक्कुटासन Cockerel Kukkutasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm Balance
Kūrmāsana कूर्मासन Tortoise Kurmasana.jpg Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Lolāsana लोलासन Pendant
Mahāmudrā महामुद्रा The great seal posture Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Makarāsana मकरासन Crocodile Makarasana Asana (Crocodile Posture).jpg
Maṇḍalāsana मण्डलासन Circle
Marjaryasana र्जर्यअसन Cat pose
Matsyāsana मत्स्यासन Fish Matsyasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Supine backbend
Matsyendrāsana मत्स्येन्द्रासन Lord of the Fishes Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Mayūrāsana मयूरासन Peacock Peacock pose.jpg Arm Balance
Muktahastaśīrṣāsana मुक्तहस्तशीर्षासन Head stand Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Muktasana मुक्तसन The liberated Pose
Naṭarājāsana नटराजासन Dancer or Lord of the Dance Natarajasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Nāvāsana नावासन Boat Navasana.jpg Sitting asana
Nirālambasarvāṅgāsana निरालम्बसर्वाङ्गासन Unsupported shoulder stand Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Pādahastāsana पादहस्तासन Standing Forward Bend Padahastasana yoga posture.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Padma Pinyamayurasana Peacock Feather Pose with legs in Padmasana/Elbow Balance Urdhva padmasana.jpg Arm Balance
Padmāsana पद्मासन Lotus Tanumânasî en Meditacion Loto Padmasana.JPG Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Paripūrṇanāvāsana परिपूर्णनावासन Full Boat Paripurna-Navasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Abdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
Parivṛttabaddhapārśvakoṇāsana Revolved Side Angle Parivrtta-Baddha-Parsvakonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Asymmetrical standing twist with hand lock
Parivrtta Pārśvakonasana परिवृत्तपार्श्वकोणासन Revolved Side Angle Revolved Lunge.jpg Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Parivṛttatrikoṇāsana परिवृत्तत्रिकोणासन Revolved Triangle Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Parsvottanāsana Intense stretch to the side Parshvottanasana.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Paryaṅkāsana पर्यङ्कासन Couch Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Pāśāsana पाशासन Noose Pasasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
पश्चिमोत्तानासन Extension of the posterior (western) part of the body Paschimotanasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Forward Bend (Paschima Prattana Sthiti)
Prasāritapādottānāsana प्रसारितपादोत्तानासन Wide Stance Forward Bend Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Rajakapotāsana कपोतासन King Pigeon Kapotasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Śalabhāsana शलभासन Locust Salabhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Salamba Sarvāṅgāsana I सर्वाङ्गासन Shoulder Stand Sarvangasana.jpg Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Salamba Śīrṣāsana I शीर्षासन Supported Headstand Shirshasana.jpg Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Samakoṇāsana समकोणासन Straight angle
Samasthitiḥ समस्थितिः Equal Standing Tadasana - Yoga Art and Science.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Sasangasana शसांगासना Rabbit Rabbit pose.jpg
शवासन Corpse Pose Shavasana.jpg Resting asana (Visranta Karaka Asana)
Sethubandasana सेतुबन्धसन Bridge Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Setubandhasarvāṅgāsana सेतुबन्धसर्वाङ्गासन Shoulder supported Bridge Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Siddhāsana सिद्धासन Siddhi's Pose Sidhasana.JPG Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Siṁhāsana सिंहासन Lion Simhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg
Sukhāsana सुखासन Auspicious (Easy) Pose Sukkasana.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Suptabaddhakoṇāsana सुप्तभदकोणासन Reclining Bound Angle Resting asana (Visranta Karaka Asana)
Suptakoṇāsana सुप्तकोणासन Angle Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Supta Padangustasana I Catching the big toe supine pose Ardha maerudhandaasana.jpg Supine Leg stretch
Suptavajrāsana सुप्तवज्रासन Thunderbolt
Suptavīrāsana सुप्तवीरासन Reclining Hero Supta-Virasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Resting asana (Visrana Karaka Asana)
Svastikāsana स्वस्तिकासन Cross Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Tāḍāsana ताडासन Mountain Pose Tadasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Tiṭṭibhāsana टिट्टिभासन Insect Pose Arm balance
Trikoṇāsana त्रिकोणासन Triangle Trikonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Tulāsana तुलासन Balance posture Yoga-tulasana.JPG Arm Balance
Uḍḍīyānabandha उड्डीयानबन्ध The abdominal lock
Upavesāsana Sitting Down Pose Standing asana
Upaviṣṭakoṇāsana उपविष्टकोणासन Open Angle Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Urdhva Dhanurasana चक्रासन Upwards-facing bow Chakrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ūrdhvamukhaśvānāsana ऊर्ध्वमुखश्वानासन Upward-Facing Dog Upward-facing dog pose.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Uṣṭrāsana उष्ठासन Camel Ustrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Utkaṭāsana उत्कटासन Awkward Pose/Powerful pose Utkatasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Uttanakūrmāsana उत्तानकूर्मासन Inverted Tortoise
Uttānāsana उत्तानासन Standing Forward Bend Uttanasana.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Utthitahastapādāṅguṣṭhāsana उत्थितहस्तपादाङ्गुष्ठासन Standing Big Toe Hold Utthita-Hasta-Padangusthasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Utthitapārśvakoṇāsana उत्थितपार्श्वकोणासन Extended Side Angle Utthita-Parshvakonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Uttihita Pārśvakonasana Extended Side Angle Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vajrāsana वज्रासन Thunderbolt Vajrasana.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Vasiṣṭhāsana वसिष्ठासन Vasista's pose/Vasista is the name of a sage Yoga PLank.jpg Arm Balance (Side Plank Pose)
Vātāyanāsana वातायनासन Horse Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Viparītakaraṇi विपरीतकरणि Legs-up-the-Wall Viparita-Karani Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana I वीरभद्रासन Warrior I Virabhadrasana I - Warrior Pose I.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana II वीरभद्रासन II Warrior II Warrior II.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana III वीरभद्रासन III Warrior III Tuladandasana.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrāsana वीरासन Hero Virasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Vṛkṣāsana वृक्षासन Tree Vriksasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vṛścikāsana वृश्चिकासन scorpion Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)

Mudras and Bandhas[edit]

Bhandas are locking mechanisms, while mudras are hand gestures and both are traditionally listed separately from asanas[citation needed].

Sanskrit transliteration Sanskrit English Image Classification
Añjali Mudrā अञ्जलिमुद्रा Salutation hand posture Indian sadhu performing namaste.jpg Hand Gesture
Jālandhara Bandha throat lock Energy lock
Māha Bandha the great lock Energy lock
Mūla Bandha perineal contraction Energy lock
Pristanjali Mudra Rear hand posture Hand Gesture
Uḍḍiyāna Bandha abdominal contraction Energy lock

Sanskrit Glossary[edit]

Many asana names include the following Sanskrit words as affixes:

English Sanskrit Meaning
Adho अधो downward
Ardha अर्ध half
Eka एक one
single
Bandha lock
Dhánus bow
Parivṛtta परिवृत्त revolved
twisted
Supta सुप्त supine
reclining
Tulā तुला balance
Upaviṣṭha उपविष्ट seated
Ūrdhva ऊर्ध्व upward
Utthita उत्थित extended

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Swami Svatmarama
  • The Complete Illustrated Book of Yoga by Swami Vishnu-devananda
  • Devereux, G. (1998) Dynamic yoga: The ultimate workout that chills your mind as it charges your body (Thorsons, London)
  • Farhi, D. (2000) Yoga mind, body and spirit: A return to wholeness (New leaf: New Zealand)
  • Hewitt, J. (1977) The Complete Yoga Book (Rider, London)
  • Iyengar, B.K.S (2000) Light on Yoga (Thorsons, London)
  • Iyengar, B.K.S (2001) Yoga: The path to holistic health (Dorling Kindersley, London)
  • Mira, S. and Methta, S. (1990) Yoga: The Iyengar Way (Dorling Kindersley, London)
  • Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centre (1996) Yoga, Mind and Body (DK, London)
  • Sturgess, S. (1997) The Yoga Book (Element)
  • Swami Muktibodhananda (1993) Hatha Yoga Pradipika (Yoga Publications Trust, Munger, Bihar, India)
  • Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1996) Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha (Yoga Publications Trust, India)
  • Swenson, D. (1999) Ashtanga yoga: The Practice Manual (Ashtanga yoga production, Houston)

External links[edit]