List of assassinations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of assassinated people)
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of assassinations, sorted by location.

For the purposes of this article, an assassination is defined as the deliberate, premeditated murder of a prominent figure, often for religious or political reasons.

Contents

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
117 BC Hiempsal, co-ruler of Numidia Hiempsal's death was ordered by his cousin, Jugurtha.
December 24, 1942 François Darlan, senior figure of Vichy France Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle
March 10, 1957 Larbi Ben M'Hidi, Algerian nationalist and FLN leader Hanged by French Army officers under Paul Aussaresses; at the time, his death was passed off as a suicide.
March 23, 1957 Ali Boumendjel, Algerian lawyer Thrown from a building by French Army officers under Paul Aussaresses; at the time, his death was passed off as a suicide.
April 1957 Larbi Tbessi, Nationalist and Association of Algerian Muslim Ulema (fr) president
June 21, 1957 Maurice Audin, Pied-noir and PC millitant
February 1960 Esther John, Pakistani Christian nurse
February 3, 1987 Mustafa Bouyali, Islamic fundamentalist Ambushed by Algerian security services.
June 29, 1992 Mohamed Boudiaf, Head of State of Algeria Lembarek Boumaârafi Shot at Annaba.[1]
June 2, 1993 Tahar Djaout, journalist, poet and author Killed by the Armed Islamic Group.
August 21, 1993 Kasdi Merbah, former Prime Minister of Algeria
March 10, 1994 Abdelkader Alloula, playwright Killed by two members of the Islamic Front for Armed Jihad.
September 29, 1994 Cheb Hasni, singer
September 28, 1995 Aboubakr Belkaid (fr), politician
May 21, 1996 Seven Trappist monks of Tibérine The monks were kidnapped by the Armed Islamic Group in March 1996, and reportedly executed on May 21; others claim that the monks were accidentally killed by the Algerian army. See Assassination of the monks of Tibhirine.
August 1, 1996 Pierre Claverie (fr), Catholic bishop of Oran
December 3, 1994 Saïd Mekbel (fr), journalist Assassinated with a car bomb in Aïn Bénian.
June 25, 1998 Lounès Matoub, Berberist singer
November 22, 1999 Abdelkader Hachani, Islamic fundamentalist Fouad Boulemia, a member of the Armed Islamic Group, was convicted for Hachani's murder and sentenced to death, but was later released.

Angola[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
November 2, 1992 Jeremias Chitunda, Vice President of UNITA Killed by government troops as part of the Halloween Massacre.
November 2, 1992 Elias Salupeto Pena, UNITA senior advisor Killed by government troops as part of the Halloween Massacre.

Burkina Faso[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
October 15, 1987 Thomas Sankara, Head of State of Burkina Faso Killed in a coup d'état organised by Blaise Compaoré.
December 13, 1998 Norbert Zongo, journalist

Burundi[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
October 13, 1961 Louis Rwagasore, Prime Minister of Burundi Georges Kageorgis
January 15, 1965 Pierre Ngendandumwe, Prime Minister of Burundi[2]
September 30, 1965 Joseph Bamina, Prime Minister of Burundi
October 21, 1993 Melchior Ndadaye, President of Burundi, founder of the Burundi Workers' Party Overthrown and killed in a military coup.
November 20, 2001 Kassi Manlan, World Health Organisation representative Murdered in a conspiracy after discovering that aid money was being diverted into private accounts.

Cameroon[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
September 13, 1958 Ruben Um Nyobé, leader of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon

Chad[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 13, 1975 François Tombalbaye, President of Chad

Comoros[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
May 29, 1978 Ali Soilih, former President of Comoros
November 26, 1989 Ahmed Abdallah, President of Comoros Overthrown in a coup.
June 13, 2010 Combo Ayouba, army chief of staff and former interim head of state

Congo (Brazzaville)[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
March 18, 1977 Marien Ngouabi, President of the Congo Barthélemy Kikadidi and others Shot in Brazzaville.[3]

Congo (Kinshasa)[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
January 17, 1961 Patrice Lumumba, former Prime Minister of the Congo[4] Executed by firing squad.
January 17, 1961 Maurice Mpolo, former Minister of Interior, and associate of Lumumba[3]
January 17, 1961 Joseph Okito, Senate Vice-President and associate of Lumumba[4]
January 16, 2001 Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo[3] Rashidi Muzele, one of Kabila's bodyguards

Egypt[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
48 BC Pompey the Great, Roman general and politician Achillas, Lucius Septimius and Salvius
1121 Al-Afdal Shahanshah, vizier of Fatimid Egypt
1130 Al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah, Fatimid Caliph
October 24, 1260 Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
June 14, 1800 Jean Baptiste Kléber, French general Suleiman al-Halabi
February 20, 1910 Boutros Ghali, Prime Minister of Egypt Ibrahim Nassif al-Wardani
November 19, 1924 Lee Stack, Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
November 6, 1944 Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne, the UK's Minister Resident in the Middle East Eliyahu Hakim, a member of Zionist group Lehi
February 24, 1945 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt[5] Mustafa Essawy
December 28, 1948 Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, Prime Minister of Egypt[6] Abdel Meguid Ahmed Hassan
February 12, 1949 Hassan al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
November 28, 1971 Wasfi al-Tal, Prime Minister of Jordan Shot by members of Black September during a visit to Cairo.[3]
October 6, 1981 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt Khalid Islambouli Shot while reviewing a military parade;[3] see Assassination of Anwar El Sadat.
October 13, 1990 Rifaat al-Mahgoub, speaker of Egyptian parliament
June 8, 1992 Farag Foda, Egyptian politician and intellectual Islamist movement al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya claimed responsibility for the attack.

The Gambia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
December 16, 2004 Deyda Hydara, journalist

Guinea[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
January 20, 1973 Amílcar Cabral, Pan-African intellectual Inocêncio Kani Killed in Conakry.

Guinea Bissau[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
March 1, 2009 Batista Tagme Na Waie, chief of staff of the army
March 2, 2009 Joao Bernardo Vieira, President of Guinea Bissau Shot by soldiers during armed attack on his residence in Bissau.
June 5, 2009 Baciro Dabó, government minister and independent presidential candidate
June 5, 2009 Helder Proença, former government minister

Kenya[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
February 25, 1965 Pio Gama Pinto, socialist politician
July 5, 1969 Tom Mboya, Kenyan Minister of Economic Planning and politician[7]
1975 Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician
February 1990 Robert Ouko, Foreign Minister of Kenya Disappeared on February 12–13; found dead on February 16.[8]
May 16, 1998 Seth Sendashonga, former interior minister of Rwanda
March 5, 2009 Oscar Kamau Kingara, human rights activist
March 5, 2009 John Paul Oulo, human rights activist

Liberia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 12, 1980 William R. Tolbert, Jr., President of Liberia Killed in military coup.[3]
September 1990 Samuel Doe, President of Liberia Tortured and killed on the orders of Prince Johnson.

Libya[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
July 28, 2011 Abdul Fatah Younis, commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Libyan Republic Perpetrators unknown, possibly security guards or members of the Obaida Ibn Jarrah Brigade

Madagascar[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
May 12, 1863 Radama II, King of Madagascar After Radama passed a controversial law allowing disputes to be settled by duelling, his palace was besieged on the orders of the Prime Minister, Rainivoninahitriniony. Radama was captured by soldiers and strangled with a silk sash; some historians believe he may have survived this attack and lived out the rest of his days in obscurity.
February 11, 1975 Richard Ratsimandrava, President of Madagascar Shot six days after taking power in military coup.[3]

Mozambique[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
February 3, 1969 Eduardo Mondlane, leader of the independence FRELIMO movement
November 22, 2000 Carlos Cardoso, Mozambican journalist Shot while investigating allegations of corruption in Mozambique's largest bank. Nyimpine Chissano and Anibal dos Santos were charged with orchestrating the murder.

Namibia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
March 27, 1978 Clemens Kapuuo, Herero chief and politician
September 12, 1989 Anton Lubowski, leading white SWAPO activist Shot in front of his home in central Windhoek, allegedly by members of the government's Civilian Co-Operation Bureau.

Niger[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 9, 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger Ambushed by soldiers.[3]

Nigeria[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
January 15, 1966 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Prime Minister of Nigeria Killed in a military coup.
January 15, 1966 Ahmadu Bello, Premier of Northern Nigeria Killed in a military coup.
January 15, 1966 Samuel Akintola, Premier of Western Nigeria Killed in a military coup.
July 29, 1966 Adekunle Fajuyi, Military Governor of Western Nigeria Killed in a coup led by Theophilus Danjuma.
July 29, 1966 Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, Head of State of Nigeria Killed in a coup led by Theophilus Danjuma.
February 13, 1976 Murtala Mohammed, Head of State of Nigeria[3] Killed in an attempted coup led by Buka Suka Dimka.
October 19, 1986 Dele Giwa, journalist
December 23, 2001 Bola Ige, justice minister of Nigeria
October 16, 2011 Modu Bintube, Borno state legislator Suspected to have been killed by Boko Haram militants.[9]

Rwanda[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
December 1985 Dian Fossey, primatologist
April 6, 1994 Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda, and Cyprien Ntaryamira, President of Burundi Plane carrying the two leaders shot down by unknown attackers with a surface-to-air missile. The attack was the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide.[3] See Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira.
April 7, 1994 Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda Killed one day after the Rwandan Genocide began.

Senegal[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
February 3, 1967 Demba Diop, government minister and mayor Abdou N'Daffa Faye

Somalia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
October 15, 1969 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, President of Somalia Shot by one of his bodyguards, possibly for personal – rather than political – reasons.
July 28, 2006 Abdallah Isaaq Deerow, former acting President of Somalia
June 17, 2009 Ali Said, Mogadishu police chief
June 18, 2009 Omar Hashi Aden, security minister Killed in the 2009 Beledweyne bombing, for which Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility.
June 10, 2011 Abdishakur Sheikh Hassan Farah, interior minister Haboon Abdulkadir Hersi Qaaf, Farah's teenage niece Killed in a suicide bomb attack; Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility.

South Africa[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1828 Shaka, king of the Zulus Dingane and Mhlangana, Shaka's half-brothers
September 6, 1966 Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa[3] Dimitri Tsafendas Tsafendas, a parliamentary messenger, stabbed Verwoerd to death with a dagger in the House of Assembly due to his opposition to Verwoerd's policy of apartheid.
August 17, 1982 Ruth First, anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe Slovo Killed by a letter bomb; her death was ordered by Craig Williamson, pro-apartheid "Koevoet" leader.
May 21, 1985 Vernon Nkadimeng, South African dissident
March 29, 1988 Dulcie September, head of the African National Congress in Paris
April 10, 1993 Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist Party Janusz Walus Anti-Communist killing.
November 5, 1994 Johan Heyns, prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church
January 22, 2009 Mbongeleni Zondi, South African politician

Sudan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
March 2, 1973 Cleo A. Noel, Jr., US Chief of Mission, George Curtis Moore, Deputy Chief of Mission, and Guy Eid, Belgian chargé d'affaires[3] Taken hostage and assassinated by members of Black September; see Attack on the Saudi Embassy in Khartoum.
January 1, 2008 John Granville, diplomat for the United States Agency for International Development

Swaziland[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 1, 2008 Gabriel Mkhumane, political opposition leader

Tanzania[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 7, 1972 Abeid Karume, 1st President of Zanzibar and 1st Vice President of Tanzania

Togo[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
January 13, 1963 Sylvanus Olympio, first president of independent Togo Killed in the 1963 Togolese coup d'état.[4]
July 29, 1992 Tavio Amorin, socialist leader Shot in Lomé on July 23, later died in a Paris hospital.

Tunisia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 16, 1988 Khalil al-Wazir, military leader of the PLO Shot by Israeli commandos in Tunis.[3]
January 14, 1991 Salah Khalaf, deputy leader of the PLO Killed in Tunis.
February 6, 2013 Chokri Belaid, Tunisian opposition leader
July 25, 2013 Mohamed Brahmi, Tunisian opposition leader

Uganda[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
September 22, 1972 Benedicto Kiwanuka, Chief Justice of Uganda
February 17, 1977 Janani Luwum, Archbishop of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977

Western Sahara[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1970 Mohamed Bassiri, Sahrawi leader and journalist "Disappeared" in June 1970, in El Aaiún; reportedly executed by the Spanish Legion.

Zambia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
March 18, 1975 Herbert Chitepo, Zimbabwean nationalist leader

Zimbabwe[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1896 Mlimo, the Ndebele religious leader Frederick Russell Burnham, British Army scout Mlimo's death effectively ended the Second Matabele War.[10]

The Americas[edit]

Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1710 Daniel Parke, British governor of the Leeward Islands

Argentina[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1870 Justo José de Urquiza, former president of Argentina
1909 Ramón Falcón, chief of the National Police Assassinated by anarchists as a retaliation for his brutal repression of workers.
1970 Pedro Aramburu, former de facto president of Argentina Executed by the peronist guerrilla Montoneros in revenge for the abduction of Evita's body and for the execution of those implicated in a failed uprising fifteen years before, during Aramburu's dictatorship.
1974 Carlos Prats, Chilean general, former Commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army Killed by the secret service of the Pinochet dictatorship, during his exile in Argentina.
1976 Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan senator, founder of the Broad Front Exiled in Argentina as a result of the 1973 Uruguayan coup, he was killed after the 1976 Argentine coup, under the Operation Condor, which involved the collaboration between military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.
1976 Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, former speaker of the Uruguayan House of Representatives Killed alongside Zelmar Michelini, while exiled in Argentina.
1976 Juan José Torres, former military President of Bolivia Exiled in Argentina after his overthrow by Hugo Banzer. He was killed after the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, under the Operation Condor, which involved the collaboration between military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.

Bermuda[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1973 Richard Sharples, Governor of Bermuda Erskine "Buck" Burrows and Larry Tacklyn Shot outside Bermuda's Government House. Sharples' aide-de-camp Captain Hugh Sayers was also killed.

Bolivia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1829 Pedro Blanco Soto, President of Boliva
1865 Manuel Isidoro Belzu, President of Bolivia
1946 Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia

Brazil[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1915 Pinheiro Machado, Brazilian politician
1930 João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque
1964 Adib Shishakli, Syrian military dictator
1975 Vladimir Herzog, journalist
1976 Zuzu Angel, Brazilian activist
1988 Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist
1996 Paulo César Farias, Collor de Mello's campaign treasurer
2001 Antonio da Costa Santos, Mayor of Campinas
2002 Celso Daniel, Mayor of Santo André
2005 Dorothy Stang, American nun Killed by business interests

Canada[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1868 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Father of Canadian Confederation Patrick J. Whelan Only Canadian victim of assassination at the federal level.
1914 William C. Hopkinson, immigration officer, British intelligence agent Mewa Singh, Ghadarite sympathizer
1970 Pierre Laporte, Vice Premier and Minister of Labour of Quebec Kidnapped and murdered by the FLQ.
1982 Atilla Altıkat, Turkish diplomat Assassinated by Armenian nationalists in Ottawa

Chile[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1818 Manuel Rodriguez, Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chile attributed to the head of the government
1837 Diego Portales, As a minister of president José Joaquín Prieto Diego Portales played a pivotal role in shaping the state and government politics in the 19th century, delivering with the Constitution of 1833 the framework of the Chilean state for almost a century. Colonel José Antonio Vidaurre
1970 René Schneider, Chilean general, Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army After several attempts, he was kidnapped and killed by far-right paramilitary squads, due to his opposition to any intervention of the armed forces to block the election of left-wing candidate Salvador Allende in 1970.
1971 Edmundo Pérez Zujovic, Chilean ex Secretary of Interior Affairs
1973 Victor Jara, Chilean left-wing singer Killed after the coup of 1973.
1982 Eduardo Frei Montalva, former President of Chile and opponent of the Pinochet dictatorship Though he officially died by septicemia after a low-risk surgery, recent research suggests he was poisoned by the secret service of Pinochet. However, there isn't an absolute certainty about the real causes of his death.[11]
1982 Tucapel Jiménez (es), Chilean trade-unionist Killed by the military dictatorship of Pinochet.[12]
1991 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean pinochetist Senator Killed by far-left guerrillas after the return of democracy.

Colombia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1830 Antonio José de Sucre, Venezuelan politician, statesman, soldier
1914 Rafael Uribe Uribe, lawyer, journalist, diplomat, soldier
1948 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Liberal Party leader
1984 Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, Minister of Justice The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1985 Tulio Manuel Castro Gil, Judge who had indicted Pablo Escobar
1985 Alfonso Reyes Echandia, Head of the Supreme Court. Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Fabio Calderon Botero, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Pedro Elias Serrano Abadia, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Dario Velasquez Gaviria, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Jose Eduardo Gnecco Correa, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Ricardo Medina Moyano, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Alfonso Patiño Rosselli, Supreme Court Justice. Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Carlos Medellin Forero, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Fanny Gonzalez Franco, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Dante Luis Fiorillo Porras, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Manuel Gaona Cruz, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Horacio Montoya Gil, Supreme Court Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Carlos Horacio Uran Rojas, State Council Assistant Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Lizandro Juan Romero Barrios, State Council Assistant Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Emiro Sandoval Huertas, State Council Assistant Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Julio Cesar Andrade Andrade, State Council Assistant Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1985 Jorge A Correa Echeverry, State Council Assistant Justice Killed during the Palace of Justice Siege.
1986 Guillermo Cano Isaza, Director of El Espectador newspaper The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1987 Jaime Pardo Leal, Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party
1987 Carlos Mauro Hoyos, Attorney General of Colombia The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel.
August 18, 1989 Luis Carlos Galán, Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal Party The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel.
1989 Jorge Enrique Pulido, journalist, Director of Mundovision The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
March 22, 1990 Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party[3]
Waldemar Franklin Quintero, Commander of the Police of Antioquia The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1990 Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19 party
1991 Enrique Low Murtra, former Colombian Ambassador to Switzerland The assassination was ordered by the Medellin Cartel
1991 Diana Turbay, journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay Ayala Assassinated after a kidnapping by the Medellin Cartel
1994 Andrés Escobar, international footballer
1994 Manuel Cepeda Vargas, Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union party
1995 Alvaro Gómez Hurtado, former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo newspaper
1999 Jaime Garzón, journalist and satirist
2000 Crispiniano Quiñones Quiñones, Colombian Army General Assassinated by members of FARC
2003 Guillermo Gaviria Correa, Governor of Antioquia

Cuba[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1935 Antonio Guiteras, Revolutionary Socialist leader

Curaçao[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
May 5, 2013 Helmin Wiels

Dominican Republic[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1899 Ulises Heureaux, president of the Dominican Republic
May 30, 1961 Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, Dominican Republic dictator Shot in ambush
1973 Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó

Ecuador[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1875 Gabriel García Moreno, President of Ecuador Faustino Rayo Shot outside Quito Cathedral, owing to his pro-religious views.
1999 Jaime Hurtado and Pablo Tapia, communist legislators Killed in Quito

El Salvador[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1913 Manuel Enrique Araujo, President of El Salvador
1932 Farabundo Martí, communist leader and peasant revolt organizer
1975 Roque Dalton, poet and revolutionary
1977 Rutilio Grande García, S.J., Roman Catholic priest
1977 Alfonso Navarro Oviedo, Roman Catholic priest
1978 Ernesto Barrera, Roman Catholic priest
1979 Octavio Ortiz Luna, Roman Catholic priest
1979 Rafael Palacios, Roman Catholic priest
1979 Alirio Napoleón Macías, Roman Catholic priest
1980 Óscar Arnulfo Romero, Archbishop of San Salvador Killed by right-wing death squad
1980 Enrique Álvarez Córdova and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front ("FDR," for its Spanish initials) Captured and killed by government aligned security forces.
1980 Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan, Roman Catholic nuns Killed by the National Guard of El Salvador.
1983 Albert Schaufelberger, senior U.S. Naval representative
1989 Ignacio Ellacuría, Roman Catholic Jesuit priest Killed by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
1989 Ignacio Martin-Baro, Roman Catholic Jesuit priest Killed by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
1989 Segundo Montes, Roman Catholic Jesuit priest Killed by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army
1989 María Cristina Gómez, teacher and community leader

Grenada[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1983 Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada

Guatemala[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1898 José María Reina Barrios, President of Guatemala
1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, president of Guatemala, killed by bodyguard[4]
1970 Karl von Spreti, German ambassador in Guatemala
1979 Alberto Fuentes Mohr, Social Democratic Party leader
1979 Manuel Colom Argueta, Mayor of Guatemala City
1993 Jorge Carpio Nicolle, Liberal politician and journalist
1998 Juan José Gerardi, Roman Catholic bishop
2012 Valentín Leal, legislator
2013 Carlos Castillo Medrano, Mayor of Jutiapa

Guyana[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
November 18, 1978 Leo Ryan, Member of the US House of Representatives Members of the People's Temple in Jonestown Was shot to death in Guyana while investigating human rights violations by members of the People's Temple.
1980 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure
2006 Satyadeow Sawh, Agriculture Minister Murdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues

Haiti[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1806 Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti
1993 Antoine Izméry, businessman and Lavalas supporter
1993 Guy Malary, minister of justice
2000 Jean Dominique, journalist
2005 Jacques Roche, journalist

Honduras[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1966 Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, president of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944
2008 Mario Fernando Hernández, deputy speaker of Congress for the Liberal Party

Mexico[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1520 Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotl, Mexica Emperor
February 22, 1913 Francisco I. Madero, President of Mexico, Nov 6, 1911 to Feb 19, 1913.[4]
March 7, 1913 Abraham González, revolutionary, governor of Chihuahua and mentor to Pancho Villa
1919 Emiliano Zapata, revolutionary Officers under Colonel Jesús Guajardo Shot at his hacienda in Mexico.
May 20, 1920 Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico[4]
July 20, 1923 Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa, revolutionary[13] Unknown Shot while being driven in an open car at Parral in Mexico. His bodyguards Rafael Madreno and Claro Huertado were also killed.
1924 Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Governor of Yucatán
July 17, 1928 Álvaro Obregón, President-elect[13] José de León Toral
1929 Julio Antonio Mella, Cuban revolutionary
August 20, 1940 Leon Trotsky, Russian communist leader[13] Ramón Mercader Killed by penetrating head injury from an ice axe.
1985 Enrique Camarena, policeman
1986 Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz, journalist and State governor
1993 Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, Roman Catholic Cardinal of Guadalajara Unknown Assassinated at the Guadalajara Airport, among 6 other people, by anti-church group.
March 23, 1994 Luis Donaldo Colosio, Presidential candidate[3] Mario Aburto Assassinated rally at campaign in Tijuana.
September 28, 1994 José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional
1999 Paco Stanley, comedian
2001 Digna Ochoa, human rights lawyer
2004 Francisco Ortiz Franco, contributing editor to Zeta
2010 Jesús Manuel Lara Rodríguez, Mayor of Guadalupe
2010 Rodolfo Torre Cantú, politician

Nicaragua[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1934 Augusto César Sandino, Nicaraguan revolutionary
September 21, 1956 Anastasio Somoza García, President of Nicaragua[3] Rigoberto López Pérez
1978 Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, newspaper editor, Nicaraguan Somoza opposition
September 17, 1980 Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former President Ambushed in Paraguay[3]
1991 Enrique Bermúdez, founder and former top commander of the Nicaraguan Contras

Panama[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
January 2, 1955 José Antonio Remón Cantera, President of Panama Killed at racetrack by machine gun[4]

Paraguay[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1877 Juan Bautista Gill, President of Paraguay
1980 Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former President of Nicaragua
March 23, 1999 Luis María Argaña, vice president of Paraguay Ambushed[3]

Peru[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1541 Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador
1872 Jose Balta, President of Peru
1933 Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, president of Peru
1992 María Elena Moyano, a community organizer in Villa El Salvador

Puerto Rico[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1978 Arnaldo Darío Rosado, independence movement supporter
1978 Carlos Soto Arriví, independence movement supporter
1986 Alejandro González Malavé, undercover policeman involved in the assassinations of Darío Rosado and Soto Arriví

Suriname[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1982 Bram Behr, Surinamese journalist Victim of the Decembermoorden

United States[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States John Wilkes Booth Was shot while watching the play "Our American Cousin" in the presidential box at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C. Lincoln died the next morning across the street in a Boarding house. Booth and acomplise David Harreld hid in a barn in Virginia. Harreld surrendered while troops set the barn on fire and shot and killed Booth.
July 2,1881 James A. Garfield, President of the United States Charles J. Guiteau Shot by Guiteau while waiting for a train at a Washington train station. Didn't die until September 19.
April 3, 1882 Jesse James, outlaw Robert Ford
1890 David Hennessy, Police Chief of New Orleans
September 6, 1901 William McKinley, President of the United States Leon Czolgosz Czolgosz shot McKinley while he was shaking hands at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Didn't die until September 14.
1926 Don Mellett, newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime
September 8, 1935 Huey Long, U.S Senator from Louisianna Carl Weiss Long attended the State Capital building to help pass "House Bill Number One". Long was able to help get the bill to pass. After the metting, Carl Weiss, the son-in-law of Long's long-time oppoent, Judge Benjamin Henry Pavy, confronted Long and pulled out a handgun and shot Long in the abdomen. Weiss was shot and killed by Long's bodyguards. Long died two days later.
December 9, 1935 Walter Liggett, Minnesota newspaper editor
1943 Carlo Tresca, anarchist organizer
1955 Curtis Chillingworth, a Florida judge
June 12, 1963 Medgar Evers, U.S. civil rights activist.[3] Byron De La Beckwith Evers, an African American activist and NAACP leader, was shot by De La Beckwith, a Ku Klux Klan member, who was convicted in 1994.
November 22, 1963 John F. Kennedy, President of the United States Lee Harvey Oswald While traveling in a motorcade in Dallas,Texas, 3 shots rang out when the car was in front of the Texas School Book Depository. Texas governor John Connally was also wounded. Kennedy is also the last President of the United States to be assassinated.
November 24, 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby Shot and killed in Dallas Police Precinct station. First live murder ever seen on US television.
February 21, 1965 Malcolm X, black Muslim leader Norman 3X Butler, Thomas 15X Johnson, Talmadge Hayer Killed in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech.
August 25, 1967 George Lincoln Rockwell, founder and flamboyant spokesman of the American Nazi Party John Patler, a former aide Shot in the chest as he was leaving a laundromat.
April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr., U.S. civil rights activist.[3] Uncertain, believed to be James Earl Ray or Loyd Jowers Ray was convicted on a guilty plea but later recanted, while a 1999 civil trial convicted Jowers and 'unknown others', while also noting that 'governmental agencies were parties' to the plot.[14] See Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
June 5, 1968 Robert F. Kennedy, American politician, who served as a United States Senator for New York and leading Democratic presidential candidate in 1968. Sirhan Sirhan Was shot while walking in roaring crowds after giving a speech after winning the primary. Sirhan was convicted on April 17, 1969 and less than a week later was sentenced to death.[15] The sentence was commuted to life in prison in 1972 after the California Supreme Court, in its decision in California v. Anderson, invalidated all pending death sentences imposed in California prior to 1972.
1969 Fred Hampton, Deputy Chair of the Chicago chapter of the Black Panther Party Shot and killed by Chicago police with FBI involvement. Tensions with the Police and American Government.
1970 Dan Mitrione, former policeman & FBI agent Went to South America to teach military regimes techniques of "advanced counterinsurgency techniques" (e.g. electric shock torture) assassinated by members of the guerrilla movement Tupamaros.
1973 Marcus Foster School District Superintendent in Oakland, CA Killed by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army
June 30, 1974 Alberta Williams King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr. Marcus Chenault Killed while her husband was preaching.
1975 Anna Mae Aquash, a Mi'kmaq activist from Nova Scotia, Canada who became the highest-ranking woman in the American Indian Movement
June 13, 1976 Don Bolles, investigative reporter for Arizona Republic Killed in car bomb, Max Dunlap and James Robison convicted, alleged Mafia ties.
September 21, 1976 Orlando Letelier, Chilean ambassador to the United States for the administration of Chile's democratically-elected President Salvador Allende Killed along with his American assistant, Ronni Moffitt, by a car bomb placed by Chilean DINA agents.
November 27, 1978 Harvey Milk, San Fransico Supervisor, first openly gay elected official in the US, and gay rights activist, and George Moscone Mayor of San Francisco Dan White, former San Fransico Supervisor who opposed Milk's advocacy See Moscone–Milk assassinations
December 8, 1980 John Lennon, British musician, member of The Beatles Mark David Chapman See Assassination of John Lennon.
June 18, 1984 Alan Berg, radio talk-show host Killed by Neo-Nazis
October 15, 1984 Henry Liu, Taiwanese-American writer Allegedly killed by Kuomintang agents
1985 Alex Odeh, Arab anti-discrimination group leader Killed when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California office
1986 Alejandro González Malavé, undercover policeman Killed in Bayamón
August 22, 1989 Huey Newton, founder of Black Panther Party Killed by member of Black Guerrilla Army (BGA).
1990 Meir David Kahane, Member of the Israeli Knesset, Founder of the JDL and the Kach Party, Zionist Killed by an Arab gunman in a Manhattan hotel.
1991 Ioan P. Culianu, Romanian historian of religion, culture, and ideas Killed at the University of Chicago where he taught Swift Hall, allegedly because of opposition to his writings.
1993 David Gunn, abortion provider Michael F. Griffin Shot outside his clinic. See Murder of David Gunn.
1994 John Britton, physician, abortion provider Paul Jennings Hill Shot on arriving at his clinic.
1998 Barnett Slepian, physician, abortion provider James Charles Kopp Shot in his kitchen.
2001 Thomas C. Wales, federal prosecutor and gun control advocate Shot while at his computer.
December 8, 2004 Darrell Lance Abbott, American musician, member of Pantera Nathan Gale Shot onstage while performing with Damageplan.
2007 Chauncey Bailey, Oakland Tribune journalist Shot on the streets of Oakland.
2009 George Tiller, late-term abortion doctor Scott Roeder Shot as he ushered at his church.

Uruguay[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1868 Bernardo P. Berro, Uruguayan president, 1860 to 1864.
Feb 19, 1868 Venancio Flores, Uruguayan president, 1865 to Feb 15,1868.
1897 Juan Idiarte Borda, Uruguayan president
1992 Eugenio Berríos, Chilean chemist who worked for the DINA during the Pinochet dictatorship Killed in Uruguay by Chilean secret services for him "knowing too much".

Venezuela[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
November 13, 1950 Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela[4] Rafael Simón Urbina
2004 Danilo Anderson, State prosecutor

Asia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1919 Habibullah Khan, emir of Afghanistan
November 8, 1933 Mohammed Nadir Shah, king of Afghanistan[16]
April 28, 1978 Mohammed Daoud Khan, president of Afghanistan Killed in communist coup
February 14, 1979 Adolph Dubs, U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan[3]
September 14, 1979 Nur Mohammad Taraki, communist president Said to have been smothered to death with a pillow on the orders of Hafizullah Amin.
December 27, 1979 Hafizullah Amin, communist Prime Minister of Afghanistan
February 4, 1987 Meena Keshwar Kamal, Afghan founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
September 27, 1996 Mohammed Najibullah, president of Afghanistan from 1986 to 1992 Killed by the Taliban during the capture of Kabul
September 9, 2001 Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance
October 26, 2001 Abdul Haq, Afghan Northern Alliance commander Killed by remnants of the Taliban
November 2001 Mohammed Atef, alleged military chief of al-Qaeda
2001 Juma Namangani, co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
July 6, 2002 Abdul Qadir, vice-president of Afghanistan[3]
February 14, 2002 Abdul Rahman, Afghan Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism[3]
May 12, 2007 Dadullah, Taliban's senior military commander
May 3, 2007 Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani, former Prime Minister of Afghanistan
August 27, 2009 Tohir Yo‘ldosh, co-founder of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
September 20, 2011 Burhanuddin Rabbani, former President of Afghanistan Unknown, possibly members of the Taliban or the Haqqani network Assassinated while leading peace negotiations between the internationally recognized Afghan government of Hamid Karzai and the Taliban.
July 12, 2011 Ahmed Wali Karzai, half-brother of Afghan president Hamid Karzai Sardar Mohammad Shot twice in the head and chest by his security guard as he was coming out of his bathroom

Armenia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
October 27, 1999 Vazgen Sargsyan, Prime Minister of Armenia[3] Nairi Hunanyan Sargsyan was shot dead in an attack on the Armenian National Assembly by a group of armed men who claimed to be staging a coup d'état. According to the attackers, Sargsyan was their only target, and the seven other deaths had been unintentional.[17]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1993 Eduard Huseynov, Azerbaijani counter admiral Assassinated near his home in Baku.[18]
1994 Afiyaddin Jalilov, deputy speaker of Azerbaijani parliament Assassinated near his home in Baku.[18]
1994 Shamsi Rahimov, intelligence and national security chief Assassinated near his home in Baku.[18]
1995 Rovshan Javadov, the chief of the Special Purpose Police Detachment of Azerbaijan. Killed in Azeri coup d'état attempt in 1995.
1996 Ali Ansukhski, member of Azerbaijani parliament Mahir Ahmadov Assassinated near his home in Baku.[18]
1997 Ziya Bunyadov, Azerbaijani historian Unknown, presumed to be Hezbollah Assassinated near his home in Baku.[18]
2002 Rovshan Aliyev, criminalist Unknown, though believed to be figures within the government of Azerbaijan
2004 Fatulla Huseynov, colonel, the vice president of AFFA Unknown, though believed to be figures within the government of Azerbaijan Assassinated near his home in Baku.[18]
2005 Elmar Huseynov, Azerbaijani journalist Unknown, though believed to be figures within the government of Azerbaijan Shot to death at his home in Baku.[19]
2009 Rail Rzayev, commander of the Azerbaijani Air Force Assassinated near his home in Baku.[20]

Bangladesh[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
August 15, 1975 Mujibur Rahman, father of the nation and founder President of Bangladesh[3] Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad and coup The coup was planned by disgruntled Awami League colleagues and military officers who were led by Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad, and they targeted to exterminate his entire family.
November 3, 1975 Muhammad Mansur Ali, Prime Minister of Bangladesh Killed by military officers in Dhaka Central Jail, having been arrested in the aftermath of the August coup.
November 3, 1975 Tajuddin Ahmad, former Prime Minister Killed by military officers in Dhaka Central Jail, having been arrested in the aftermath of the August coup.
November 3, 1975 Syed Nazrul Islam, former President Killed by military officers in Dhaka Central Jail, having been arrested in the aftermath of the August coup.
November 3, 1975 A. H. M. Qamaruzzaman, former government minister Killed by military officers in Dhaka Central Jail, having been arrested in the aftermath of the August coup.
November 7, 1975 Khaled Mosharraf, Bangladeshi general Mosharraf seized power from Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad (who had overthrown Mujibur Rahman in August), but was killed by mutinous army personnel four days later.
1981 Ziaur Rahman, President Group of army officers Plotted by a faction of officers of Bangladesh Army led by General Abul Monjur.

Bhutan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1964 Jigme Palden Dorji, Prime Minister of Bhutan[4]

Cambodia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1950 Ieu Koeus, briefly prime minister of Cambodia in 1949

China[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
221 Zhang Fei, military general of Shu Han Fan Qiang, Zhang Da
815 Wu Yuanheng, Chancellor under Emperor Xianzong
1323 Sidibala, grand-khan of the Mongol Empire, Emperor of Yuan China
1849 João Maria Ferreira do Amaral, Portuguese Governor of Macau
1870 Ma Xinyi, governor Zhang Wenxiang
1909 Ito Hirobumi, Japanese Resident-General of Korea and former Prime Minister of Japan An Jung-geun Killed in Manchuria
1913 Song Jiaoren, Xinhai revolutionary Killed in Shanghai
1916 Chen Qimei, revolutionary activist
1925 Liao Zhongkai
1928 Zhang Zuolin, Manchurian warlord Killed by officers of the Japanese Guandong Army
1941 Fang Zhenwu
1946 Wen Yiduo, Chinese poet and scholar Tang Shiliang, Li Wenshan
2008 Li Shiming, Chinese government official Zhang Xuping

India[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
185 BC Brihadratha Maurya, last ruler of the Mauryan dynasty Pushyamitra Sunga
1602 Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, vizier of the Mughal emperor Akbar
1872 Richard Bourke, Viceroy of India Sher Ali Afridi Stabbed while inspecting prisons in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
January 30, 1948 Mohandas K Gandhi,independence leader and key proponent of non-violence Nathuram Godse See Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
October 31, 1984 Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister Satwant Singh and Beant Singh Assassinated by personal bodyguards. See Assassination of Indira Gandhi.
August 10, 1986 Arun Shridhar Vaidya, Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army from 1983 to 1986 Sukhdev Singh Sukha and Harjinder Singh Jinda
March 8, 1988 Amar Singh Chamkila, controversial Punjabi singer/song-writer
May 21, 1991 Rajiv Gandhi, former Indian prime minister Thenmuli Rajaratnam Killed in an explosion triggered by a LTTE suicide bomber. First politician to be killed by a suicide bomber. See Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
1995 Beant Singh, chief minister of Punjab
July 25, 2001 Phoolan Devi, bandit queen turned politician
2002 Abdul Ghani Lone, moderate Kashmiri Muslim separatist leader

Indonesia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1965 Achmad Yani, Lieutenant General Killed as part of the 30 September Movement
1965 Soeprapto, Major General Killed as part of the 30 September Movement
1965 M. T. Haryono, Major General Killed as part of the 30 September Movement
1965 Siswondo Parman, Major General Killed as part of the 30 September Movement
1965 Donald Izacus Panjaitan, Brigadier General Killed as part of the 30 September Movement
1965 Sutoyo Siswomiharjo, Brigadier General Killed as part of the 30 September Movement
1965 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia
2004 Munir Said Thalib, a human rights and anti-corruption activist

Iran[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
465 BC Xerxes I, Persian king Killed by guards
423 BC Xerxes II, Persian king Sogdianus, Xerxes' half-brother
423 BC Sogdianus, Persian king Darius II, Sogdianus' half-brother
1092 Nizam al-Mulk, Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuk Turks
1747 Nader Shah, Shah of Persia Army officers He was able to kill two of the assassins before dying.
1896 Nasser-al-Din Shah, Shah of Persia Mirza Reza Kermani Assassinated on the day of his fiftieth kingship ceremony.
1930 Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III, Iranian diplomat and politician
1933 Teymourtash, Iranian statesman
1947 Qazi Muhammad, dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader Killed in Mahabad
March 7, 1951 Ali Razmara, Prime Minister of Iran Khalil Tahmasebi Shot in a mosque.
January 21, 1965 Hassan Ali Mansur, Prime Minister of Iran[13]
June 28, 1981 Mohammad Beheshti Killed along with 71 others in bombing
August 30, 1981 Mohammad Ali Rajai, president of Iran
August 30, 1981 Mohammad Javad Bahonar, Prime Minister of Iran Killed in bombing with Rajai
January 11, 2012 Mostafa Ahmadi-Roshan, a department supervisor Killed by a bomber from a motorcycle

Iraq[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
681 BC Sennacherib, Assyrian king Arda Mulissi Stabbed to death while at prayer in a temple, or possibly crushed under a winged child angelica.[21]
244 Gordian III, Roman emperor Killed near Circesium (modern day Abu Sera) by his troops
661 Ali ibn Abi Talib Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam
July 14, 1958 Faisal II, King of Iraq[13]
July 14, 1958 Nuri Pasha as-Said, Prime Minister of Iraq[4]
July 9, 1978 Abdul Razak al-Naif, former Prime Minister of Iraq Killed in London[13]
1980 Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, former Grand Ayatollah
1980 Bint al-Huda, Iraqi educator and political activist Killed by Saddam Hussein along with her brother, Ayatullah Sayyid Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr
1988 Mahdi al-Hakim, prominent figure in the Iraqi opposition Assassinated in the lobby of the Hilton in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, his companion Halim Abd-alWahhab was wounded in the leg.
1999 Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, former Grand Ayatollah Killed in the Iraqi city of Najaf along with two of his sons
2003 Sérgio Vieira de Mello, UN Special Representative in Iraq
2003 Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, highly influential Shi'ite ayatollah
2003 Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi Governing Council member
2003 Abdul-Majid al-Khoei, Shia cleric
2003 Ahmad Shawkat, Iraqi journalist
2004 Waldemar Milewicz, Polish journalist
2004 Hatem Kamil, deputy governor of Baghdad Province
2004 Ezzedine Salim, acting chairman of the Iraqi Governing Council, Iraqi MP
2005 Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, Iraqi MP
2005 Lamiya Abed Khadawi, Iraqi MP
2005 Ihab al-Sherif, Egyptian envoy to Iraq
2005 Ali al-Haidari, governor of Baghdad Province
2005 Hadi Saleh, Secretary of the Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions
2006 Maysoon al-Hashemi, head of the Iraqi Islamic Party women's department
2006 Atwar Bahjat, Iraqi journalist
2006 Ali Jaafar, Iraqi journalist
2006 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)
2007 Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, Sunni tribal leader
2007 Mohammed Awad, Iraqi MP Killed in the 2007 Iraqi Parliament bombing
2007 Fasal al Gaood, former governor of Al Anbar Province
2007 Khalil Jalil Hamza, governor of Al-Qādisiyyah Province
2007 Mohammed Ali al-Hasani, governor of Muthanna Province
2008 Mohamed Moumou, Number 2 leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq and senior leader in Northern Iraq
2008 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Chaldean Catholic Archeparch of Mosul
2009 Harith al-Obeidi, Iraqi MP
2009 Riad Abdel Majid, Brigadier General in the Iraqi Army[22]
2010 Abu Ayyub al-Masri, leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)
2013 Ayfan Sadoun al-Essawi, prominent Sunni MP and an important member of the Sahwa committee in Fallujah, as well as part of the opposition to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.[23]

Israel[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1134 Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa
1174 Miles of Plancy, regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
1192 Conrad of Montferrat, King of Jerusalem, leader in the Third Crusade
June 30, 1924 Jacob Israël de Haan, pro-Orthodox Jewish diplomat
1933 Haim Arlosoroff, Zionist leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
August 26, 1939 Ralph Cairns, commander of the Palestine Police CID's Jewish Section in Jerusalem Assassinated by Irgun under orders from Hanoch Kalai
May 28, 1948 Thomas C. Wasson, US Consul General in Jerusalem
September 17, 1948 Folke Bernadotte, Middle East peace mediator Assassinated by Lehi[4]
March 15, 1957 Rudolf Kastner, Hungarian Zionist leader, negotiated the Kasztner train with the Nazis
January 12, 1981 Hamad Abu Rabia, Member of the Knesset
November 4, 1995 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize recipient[3] Yigal Amir Attack carried out by Israeli opposed to Oslo Accords. See Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin.
December 31, 2000 Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, son of Meir David Kahane, leader of Kahane Chai, Zionist
October 17, 2001 Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli general and politician

Japan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
456 Emperor Ankō, Emperor of Japan
592 Emperor Sushun, Emperor of Japan
645 The Sogas, Japanese political family
1160 Minamoto no Yoshitomo, head of Minamoto clan, father of Minamoto no Yoritomo
1219 Minamoto no Sanetomo, the third shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate
1441 Ashikaga Yoshinori, the sixth shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate
1486 Ōta Dōkan, samurai, architect and builder of Edo Castle
1507 Hosokawa Masamoto, shugo daimyo of Ashikaga Shogunate
1535 Matsudaira Kiyoyasu, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
1551 Ōuchi Yoshitaka, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
1557 Oda Nobuyuki, Japanese samurai, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga
1565 Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Shogun, feudal leader in Japan
1566 Mimura Iechika, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan
1578 Yamanaka Shikanosuke, Japanese samurai
1582 Oda Nobunaga, samurai warlord Akechi Mitsuhide
1669 Shakushain, Ainu chieftain
1703 Kira Yoshinaka, master of ceremonies
1860 Ii Naosuke, Japanese politician
1863 Serizawa Kamo, a chief of Shinsen-gumi
1864 Sakuma Shozan, Japanese politician
1867 Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese author
1869 Ōmura Masujirō, military leader and theorist
1869 Yokoi Shōnan, scholar and politician
1878 Okubo Toshimichi, Home Minister of Japan, briefly most powerful man in Japan
1889 Mori Arinori, First Education Minister
1921 Hara Takashi, Prime Minister of Japan
1921 Yasuda Zenjirō, entrepreneur who founded Yasuda zaibatsu, great-grand father of Yoko Ono
1931 Hamaguchi Osachi, Prime Minister of Japan
1932 Dan Takuma, zaibatsu leader
1932 Inukai Tsuyoshi, Prime Minister of Japan
1932 Yoshinori Shirakawa, general of the Imperial Japanese Army
1935 Tetsuzan Nagata, general of the Imperial Japanese Army
1936 Saitō Makoto, admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy
1936 Takahashi Korekiyo, Prime Minister of Japan
1960 Inejiro Asanuma, Socialist Party of Japan chairman Otoya Yamaguchi Asanuma was pierced to assassin's bayonet while making a speech.
1985 Kazuo Nagano, Japanese chairman
1991 Hitoshi Igarashi, translated The Satanic Verses into Japanese
1995 Hideo Murai, one of the leading members of Aum Shinrikyo
2002 Koki Ishii, Japanese politician
2007 Iccho Itoh, Mayor of Nagasaki

Jordan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1200 BC Eglon, Moabite king Ehud Stabbed to death in his throne room (Judges 3:12-30).
July 17, 1951 Riad Al Solh, former Prime Minister of Lebanon Unknown Shot at Amman Airport during visit to Jordan.
July 20, 1951 Abdullah I, King of Jordan Unknown, believed to be agent of Amin al-Husseini Shot when entering the Al Aqsa Mosque.[3]
August 29, 1960 Hazza al-Majali, Prime Minister of Jordan Killed with 10 others by time bomb in office[4]
October 28, 2002 Laurence Foley, USAID official Killed by Al-Qaeda operatives

Korea[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
304 King Bunseo of Baekje, King of Baekje
1895 Queen Min, the first official wife of King Gojong, the twenty-sixth king of the Joseon dynasty of Korea.
1947 Lyuh Woon-Hyung, former head of People's Republic of Korea
October 26, 1979 Park Chung-Hee, President of South Korea[3] Kim Jae-kyu See Park Chung-hee assassination.

Kuwait[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1971 Hardan al-Tikriti, former Iraqi defense minister and vice president

Laos[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 1, 1963 Quinim Pholsena, foreign minister of Laos

Lebanon[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1152 Raymond II of Tripoli, count of Tripoli
1192 Conrad of Montferrat Hashshashin
1270 Philip of Montfort, Lord of Tyre
1950 Sami al-Hinnawi, Syrian head of state
June 16, 1976 Francis E. Meloy, Jr. and Robert O. Waring, US Ambassador and US Economic Councelor to Lebanon and their driver Zuhair Mohammed Moghrabi
1977 Kamal Jumblatt, Lebanese Druze leader
1978 Tony Frangieh, Lebanese Christian leader
1982 Bachir Gemayel, president-elect of Lebanon Habib Tanious Shartouni Bomb explosion in the Phalange's Beirut headquarters.[3]
June 1, 1987 Rashid Karami, Prime Minister of Lebanon Killed by bomb aboard helicopter, planted by the Lebanese Forces.[3]
1989 René Moawad, President of Lebanon
1990 Dany Chamoun, son of late president Camille Chamoun
2002 Elie Hobeika, Lebanese militia leader
2005 Rafik Hariri, former Prime Minister of Lebanon and billionaire Unknown, presumed to be Hezbollah in concert with Syrian intelligence services Assassination via car bomb in Beirut.
2005 Samir Kassir, columnist at "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper, long a fiery critic of Syria
2005 George Hawi, former chief of Lebanese Communist Party
2005 Gibran Tueni, Editor in Chief of "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper
2006 Pierre Gemayel, Minister of Industry of Lebanon
2007 Walid Eido, member of the National Assembly
2007 Antoine Ghanim, member of the National Assembly
2007 François al-Hajj, Lebanese Military General
2008 Wissam Eid, National Security, Information Sector
December 27, 2013 Mohamad Chatah, Former finance minister, ambassador to the United States, and advisor to Saad Hariri. Saad Hariri hinted that he believed the assassinators to be from Hezbollah or Israel. Assassination via car bomb in Beirut. Presumed to be because Chatah was mentioned as a potential candidate for prime minister.

Malaysia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1875 James Wheeler Woodford Birch, a British Resident Minister in the State of Perak Pandak Rela Lam
1949 Duncan Stewart, Second Governor of Sarawak, a British Crown Colony (1946–1963) Rukun 13 members, Rosli Dhobie, Awang Ramli Mohd Deli, and Bujang Suntong

Maldives[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
2012 Afrasheem Ali, legislator and Islamic scholar

Mongolia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1998 Sanjaasürengiin Zorig, politician and democratic activist Stabbed to death in his apartment

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
c. 1168 Alaungsithu, King of Pagan Kingdom Narathu, his son
1550 Tabinshwehti, King of Taungoo Dynasty Assassinated by Mon revival
1628 Anaukpetlun, King of Nyaungyan Dynasty
August 2, 1866 Crown Prince Ka Naung, son of King Tharrawaddy and younger brother of King Mindon
July 19, 1947 Aung San, Burmese nationalist leader, founder of Thirty Comrades
July 19, 1947 U Ba Win

Nepal[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
June 1, 2001 Birendra, King of Nepal, along with Queen Aiswary and 9 other members of the royal family[3] Dipendra See Nepalese royal massacre.

Pakistan[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
October 16, 1951 Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan[3]
February 8, 1975 Hayat Sherpao, former Governor of the North-West Frontier Province Killed by Afghan extremist
August 17, 1988 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, 10-year President of Pakistan and 12-year Chief of Army Staff Killed in a mysterious aircraft accident which seemed to be a bomb blast (traced to a crate of mangoes placed into his aircraft).
November 24, 1989 Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, militant Islamist Killed near Peshawar
October 3, 1991 Fazle Haq, former governor of the Northwest Frontier province, Pakistan, from 1978 to 1985
September 1993 Ghulam Haider Wyne, former Chief Minister of Punjab
April 16, 1995 Iqbal Masih, 13-year-old anti-child labor activist Killed in Rakh Baoli
October 17, 1998 Hakim Said, founder of Hamdard Foundation and Hamdard University, Karachi; former Governor of Sindh
2001 Siddiq Khan Kanju, former foreign minister of Pakistan from 1991 to 1993
December 27, 2007 Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan (first and only lady Prime minister of Pakistan) Unknown, widely believed to be Islamic militants Killed while entering a vehicle upon leaving a political rally for the Pakistan People's Party in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. See Assassination of Benazir Bhutto.
August 5, 2009 Baitullah Mehsud, leader of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
May 2, 2011 Osama bin Laden, head and status symbol of al-Quaeda, held responsible for the attacks on 9/11 Members of the US Navy Seals Killed in a raid in his residence in Abbottabad, the order for the raid and execution came from US president Barack Obama
January 4, 2011 Salman Taseer, Governor of Punjab Malik Mumtaz Hussain Qadri Killed by one of his security guards due to Taseer's opposition to Pakistan's blasphemy laws
March 2, 2011 Shahbaz Bhatti, Minorities Minister Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan Killed due to his opposition to Pakistan's blasphemy laws
June 4, 2012 Abu Yahya al-Libi, high-ranking al-Qaeda member, alleged member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, former detainee at the Parwan Detention Facility, from where he escaped in 2005
January 2, 2013 Maulvi Nazir, high-ranking Pakistani Taliban member in South Waziristan

Palestinians[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1996 Yahya Ayyash, Hamas' explosives expert
2001 Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of PFLP
2002 Salah Shahade, leader of Hamas' military wing
2003 Ibrahim al-Makadmeh, co-founder of Hamas
2003 Mekled Hameid, Islamic Jihad Movement commander
2004 Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, leader and founder of Hamas
2004 Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, leader of Hamas
2004 Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil, Hamas operative
2004 Adnan al-Ghoul, Hamas' explosives expert
2009 Nizar Rayan, Senior Hamas leader
2009 Said Seyam, Senior Hamas leader
2009 Abu Zakaria al-Jamal, Senior Hamas military wing commander

Philippines[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1719 Fernando Manuel de Bustamante, Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines. Dragged and killed by a mob instigated by friars.
1763 Diego Silang, early Ilocano rebel leader, and husband of Gabriela Silang.
1899 Antonio Luna, general of the Filipino army during the Philippine-American War.
1935 Julio Nalundasan, Congressman for Ilocos Young Ferdinand Marcos tried but acquitted for the slaying.
1949 Aurora Quezon, former First Lady of the Philippines Died in an ambush
1949 Ponciano Bernardo, Mayor of Quezon City, then the capital Died with Doña Aurora Quezon and several others in an ambush.
1980 Joe Lingad, former Governor of Pampanga.
August 21, 1983 Benigno Aquino, Jr., politician, leader of the opposition against President Ferdinand Marcos[3] Rogelio Moreno (confirmed)/AVSECOM members (accomplices) Believed to have been ordered by Marcos or his wife, Imelda.
1984 Cesar Climaco, Mayor of Zamboanga City and prominent opposition leader.
February 11, 1986 Evelio Javier, Governor of Antique and ally of 1986 presidential candidate, Corazon Aquino.
1986 Emma Henry, police officer and film actress.
1987 Lean Alejandro, prominent student activist leader.
1988 Roy Padilla, Sr., Governor of Camarines Norte, and father of action star Robin Padilla.
1989 James N. Rowe, United States military advisor.
2001 Filemon 'Ka Popoy' Lagmán, founder of the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP; "coalition of Filipino workers")
2006 Alberto Ramento, Obispo Máximo of the Philippine Independent Church.
November 13, 2007 Wahab Akbar, Representative of Basilan One of several killed when the Batasan Pambansa (National Legislature building) was bombed.

Qatar[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
2004 Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, former President of separatist Chechnya

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
644 Umar ibn al-Khattab, second caliph Abu Lulu
656 Uthman Ibn Affan, third caliph
661 Ali ibn Abi-Talib, fourth caliph and first Imam of Muslims Abdur Rehman Ibn-e-Muljim Ambushed from back with a poisoned sword while Ali Ibn-e-Abi Talib was offering Salaat-ul-Fajr (early morning prayer)
March 25, 1975 Faisal of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi Arabia Prince Faisal bin Musa'id Shot by nephew at palace.[13]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
September 25, 1959 Solomon Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan prime minister Talduwe Somarama, a Buddhist monk who later converted to Christianity[3]
1975 Alfred Duraiyapah, former Mayor, Jaffna Killed by LTTE
1989 Vijaya Kumaratunga, movie actor turned SLFP-SLMP politician Killed by JVP
1989 Rohana Wijeweera, founder of JVP Killed by Sri Lankan Armed Forces
1989 Appapillai Amrithalingam, founder of separatist party TULF Killed by LTTE
1991 Ranjan Wijeratne, Foreign minister & Minister of State for Defence Killed by Ltte
1993 Lalith Athulathmudali, former cabinet minister Purportedly killed by LTTE
1993 Ranasinghe Premadasa, President of Sri Lanka Killed by a suicide bomber on May Day parade. The attack was purportedly carried out by LTTE (but was possibly revenge for his own orchestrating murder of political rival Lalith Athulathmudali, to whom he feared losing election).
1994 Gamini Dissanayake, Presidential candidate, UNP, member of Parliament Killed by LTTE
1998 Sarojini Yogeswaran, Jaffna Mayor Killed by LTTE
1998 Ponnudurai Sivapalan, Jaffna Mayor Killed by LTTE
1999 Neelan Thiruchelvam, Member of Parliament (MP) and TULF leader Killed by LTTE
1999 Lakshman Algama, UNP politician Killed by LTTE
2000 C. V. Gunaratne, cabinet minister Killed by LTTE
2005 Joseph Pararajasingham, Tamil MP in Batticalo Killed by GoSL supported para-military Karuna Group
2005 Lakshman Kadirgamar, foreign minister Killed by LTTE
2006 Parami Kulatunga, army general Killed by LTTE
2006 Nadarajah Raviraj, MP and Tamil National Alliance politician Killed by GoSL paramilitary Group
2008 T. Maheswaran, UNP Tamil MP for voicing human rights violations of GoSL Killed by LTTE as revenge for having talks with the president Raajapakse
2008 D. M. Dassanayake, Nation Building Minister and SLFP MP Killed by LTTE
2008 K. Sivanesan, TNA Tamil MP Killed by Sri Lankan Army DPU
2008 Jeyaraj Fernandopulle, Minister of Highways and Road Development and SLFP MP Killed by LTTE
2009 Lasantha Wickrematunge, journalist (The Sunday Leader) Unknown

Syria[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
246 BC Antiochus II Theos, Seleucid king
223 BC Seleucus III Ceraunus, Seleucid king
176 BC Seleucus IV Philopator, Seleucid king
146 BC Alexander Balas, Seleucid king
138 BC Antiochus VI Dionysus, Seleucid heir to the throne
285 Numerian, Roman emperor Arrius Aper, his father-in-law Killed in Emesa (modern-day Homs)
1146 Zengi, ruler of Aleppo and Mosul and founder of the Zengid Dynasty
1940 Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar, Syrian nationalist
August 1, 2008 Muhammad Suleiman, Syrian general and security adviser to president Bashar al-Assad
February 12, 2008 Imad Mughniyah, senior member of Hezbollah
July 18, 2012 Syria's Defense Minister General Dawoud Rajiha, Deputy Defense Minister Asef Shawkat, chief of staff of the Syrian Armed Forces General Hasan Turkmani, and Intelligence and National Security Chief Hisham Ikhtiyar Either Liwa al Islam or the Free Syrian Army (both claimed responsibility) Killed either with a remotely detonated bomb or via suicide attack as part of the Syrian civil war. Several other leading government officials may have been injured or killed.

Thailand[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
King Worawongsathirat, King of the Ayutthaya Kingdom
1946 King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII), the eighth monarch of Thailand under the House of Chakri
May 13, 2010 Major General Khattiya Sawasdipol Major General Sawasdipol was an ardent supporter and the security chief of the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD) also known as the "reds Shirts" in their protest against the Government of Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva from approximately March 12, 2010 to May 20, 2010 in which 92 people were killed. He was killed by a sniper's bullet to the head on 13 May while giving an to a reporter for The New York Times about 7 p.m.

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
January 19, 2010 Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, a member of Hamas Unknown, widely believed to be Mossad agents Exact cause unknown; possibilities include suffocation, strangulation, and electrocution. See Assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh.

Vietnam[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
November 2, 1963 Ngo Dinh Nhu, politician[3]
November 2, 1963 Ngo Dinh Diem, first president of South Vietnam[3] Generally believed to be Nguyen Van Nhung and Duong Hieu Nghia, on orders from Duong Van Minh Part of the 1963 South Vietnamese coup. See Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem.

Yemen[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1948 Imam Yahya, King of Yemen
1977 Ibrahim al-Hamadi, president of North Yemen
1978 Ahmad al-Ghashmi, president of North Yemen Killed by bomb along with envoy from South Yemen.
2002 Jarallah Omar, deputy secretary-general of Yemeni Socialist Party
2011 Anwar al-Aulaqi, spokesman and recruiter for al-Qaeda, leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Killed in a US drone strike
2013 Said Ali al-Shihri, deputy leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Killed in a US drone strike. Numerous earlier reports of his death had been previously proven wrong.[24]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1802 Pemulwuy Henry Hacking Shot and killed by British sailor Henry Hacking under orders by Governor Phillip Gidley King
February 12, 1894 William Paisley, Mayor of Burwood, NSW
July 15, 1977 Donald Mackay, anti-drugs campaigner
December 17, 1980 Sarik Ariyak, Turkish Consul General
1989 Colin Winchester, Assistant Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police
1994 John Newman, New South Wales state Member for Cabramatta

New Caledonia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1989 Jean-Marie Tjibaou, Kanak independence leader

Samoa[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1999 Luagalau Levaula Kamu, cabinet minister

Palau[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1985 Haruo Remeliik, president

West Papua[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 26, 1984 Arnold Ap, songman and ethnomusicologist Shot in back by Indonesian military unit upon release from prison[25]
March 14, 1996 Thomas Wainggai, Independence leader Allegedly poisoned by Indonesian intelligence officers in Cipinang prison.[25]
November 10, 2001 Theys Eluay, West Papuan Independence movement leader Assassinated by Kopassus officers after attending a military dinner, Jayapura, Papua[25]
December 16, 2009 Kelly Kwalik, legendary West papuan guerrilla leader Assassinated by Detachment 88 officers in Timika, West Papua[25]
June 14, 2012 Mako Tabuni, Chairman of main civil resistance independence organisation, West Papua National Committee(KNPB) Assassinated by Detachment 88 officers in Jayapura, West Papua[26]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1924 Avni Rustemi, nationalist member of parliament

Austria[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1916 Count Karl von Stürgkh, Minister-President of Austria Friedrich Adler
1934 Engelbert Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria[27] Paul Hudl, Otto Planetta and other Austrian Nazis Part of a failed coup d'état, the July Putsch.
1989 Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou, dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader Sahra-roodi and others,Islamic republic of Iran Intelegence agency Killed in Vienna on the negotiation table

Belgium[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1950 Julien Lahaut, chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium Belgian royalists Shot in his home town of Seraing.
1971 Maximiliano Gómez, Dominican communist leader Poisoned by his lover in Brussels.
1990 Gerald Bull, Canadian developer of the Martlet cannon Shot outside his apartment in Brussels.
1991 André Cools, Belgian politician Killed in Liège.

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie Gavrilo Princip This assassination played a role in starting World War I[27]
1995 Irfan Ljubijankić, foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
1997 Jozo Leutar, minister of Internal Affair of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1895 Stefan Stambolov, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria Died in Sofia after being stabbed.
1907 Dimitar Petkov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria Killed in Sofia.
1923 Aleksandar Stamboliyski, Prime Minister of Bulgaria Killed in his home town of Slavovitsa.
1995 Vasil Iliev, insurance boss, owner of "VIS-2", former wrestler Shot while being driven in Sofia.
October 2, 1996 Andrey Lukanov, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria[3] Shot outside his apartment in Sofia.
2003 Iliya Pavlov, president of Multigroup corporation, former wrestler, the wealthiest man in Bulgaria Shot outside his office in Sofia.
2005 Georgi Iliev, football club owner, brother of the assassinated Vasil Iliev Shot in a restaurant in Sunny Beach.
2005 Emil Kyulev, banker, ex-professional swimmer, voted Mr. Economics in Bulgaria for 2002 Shot while driving along Boulevard Bulgaria in Sofia.
2006 Ivan "Doktora" Todorov, businessman alleged of smuggling
2008 Borislav Georgiev, CEO of "Atomenergoremont" nuclear plant repair company

Croatia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
480 Julius Nepos, Roman emperor Assassinated near Salona (modern Solin).

Czech Republic[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
921 Saint Ludmila, wife of Duke Bořivoj, grandmother of Duke Václav I
935 Václav I (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of Bohemia
1306 Václav III, King of Bohemia Killed in Olomouc.
1634 Albrecht von Wallenstein, Czech general during the Thirty Years' War Walter Devereux Stabbed to death in Cheb.
1923 Alois Rašín, Minister of Finances of Czechoslovakia Josef Šoupal Shot in Prague.
1942 Reinhard Heydrich, a General in the Nazi German paramilitary corps and governor of occupied Czech lands Jan Kubiš, Jozef Gabčík Died after being wounded by a bomb thrown at him whilst being driven through Libeň near Prague. The massacre of Lidice followed as a retribution by the Nazis. A legend has it that he deliberately put the Crown of Bohemia on his head beforehand, meaning an untimely death.

Denmark[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1286 Erik V Klipping, King of Denmark

Finland[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1904 Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland Eugen Schauman Happens on day described in James Joyce's novel Ulysses, is briefly mentioned in the book.
1905 Eliel Soisalon-Soininen, attorney General
1911 Valde Hirvikanta, president of Turku Court of Appeal
1922 Heikki Ritavuori, Minister of the Interior of Finland Ernst Tandefelt

France[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1354 Charles d'Espagne, constable of France
1407 Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans
1419 John the Fearless
1572 Gaspard de Coligny
1589 Henri III, King of France Jacques Clément Religious-political antagonism.
1610 Henri IV, King of France François Ravaillac Religious-political antagonism.
1789 Jacques de Flesselles, Provost of Paris
1793 Jean-Paul Marat, revolutionary Charlotte Corday Stabbed in his bathtub. Later often seen as a patriotic act.
February 13, 1820 Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of the future King Charles X Louis Pierre Louvel
June 24, 1894 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France Sante Geronimo Caserio, anarchist Stabbed to death after a speech in Lyon.
July 30, 1914 Jean Jaurès, politician, pacifist[28] Raoul Villain Killed in Paris. The assassin was tried and acquitted in 1919.
May 6, 1932 Paul Doumer, President of France Paul Gorguloff Shot at a book fair at the Hôtel Salomon de Rothschild, Paris.[27]
1934 Alexander I of Yugoslavia, king of Yugoslavia Vlado Chernozemski Killed in Marseille during a state visit.
1934 Louis Barthou, foreign minister of France Vlado Chernozemski Killed along with King Alexander I of Yugoslavia at Marseille.
1938 Ernst vom Rath, German diplomat in France Herschel Grynszpan Killed in Paris.
1944 Constant Chevillon, head of FUDOFSI Killed by Gestapo in Lyon
1944 Philippe Henriot, State secretary for Information and Propaganda of Vichy government Killed by French resistants in Paris
1944 Georges Mandel, former radical-socialist minister and French resistant Killed by miliciens in forest of Fontainebleau
1944 Eugène Deloncle, milicien and former leader of clandestine far-right organisation La Cagoule Killed by Gestapo
1965 Mehdi Ben Barka, Moroccan socialist leader and Third-World Tricontinental leader Disappeared in Paris
1973 Outel Bono, Chadian medical doctor and anti-Tombalbaye activist Shot while climbing into his car in Paris by unknown hand.
1976 Jean de Broglie, former minister and one of the French negotiators of the Évian Accords
1978 Henri Curiel, anticolonialist activist Shot in Paris by unknown hand.
1978 José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana "Argala", Basque leader Killed by a bomb in Anglet, allegedly planted by the Batallón Vasco Español.
1979 Pierre Goldman, left-wing activist Shot in Paris by unknown hand.
1979 Robert Boulin, minister of Labor and many times minister since 1961 Officially suicide, but a lot of anomalies revealed since.
1980 Joseph Fontanet, former minister Killed in Paris.
1980 Salah al-Din Bitar, Syrian Baath politician Killed in Paris.
1980 Yehia El-Mashad, Egyptian atomic scientist Shot at the Le Méridien hotel in Paris.
1982 Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude, right-wing activist and criminal Shot at Argent-sur-Sauldre soon after being released from prison.
1986 Georges Besse, Renault executive Shot while emerging from his car in Paris, by far-left activists of Action directe
1988 Dulcie September, African National Congress representative Killed in Paris.
1990 Joseph Doucé, activist for sexual minorities Corpse found in Rambouillet forest; murder remains unsolved
1991 Shapour Bakhtiar, Prime Minister of Iran briefly in 1979 Stabbed to death at his home in France.
1995 Abdelbaki Sahraoui, co-founder of the Algerian Islamic Salvation Front Killed in Paris.
1998 Claude Erignac, prefect of Corsica Yvan Colonna Shot in Ajaccio by a Corsican nationalist.

Georgia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1920 Fatali Khan Khoyski, former Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan
1922 Cemal Pasha, former Ottoman Navy Minister
1994 Giorgi Chanturia, Georgian opposition leader

Germany[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
235 Alexander Severus, Roman emperor Killed near Moguntiacum (present-day Mainz) by his troops.
268 Postumus, Gallic emperor Killed in Mainz
268 Laelianus, Gallic emperor Killed in Mainz
1208 Philipp von Hohenstaufen, Emperor, in Bamberg
1225 Engelbert I. von Köln, Archbishop of Cologne
1233 Konrad von Marburg, inquisitor
1919 Rosa Luxemburg, socialist writer Killed in Berlin.
1919 Karl Liebknecht, socialist lawyer and politician Killed in Berlin.
1919 Kurt Eisner, Prime Minister of Bavaria Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley Killed in Munich.
1921 Talat Pasha, former Ottoman Minister of Interior Affairs Soghomon Tehlirian Killed in Berlin.
1921 Matthias Erzberger, politician Members of Organisation Consul Shot at Bad Griesbach.
June 24, 1922 Walther Rathenau, German foreign minister[28] Ernst Werner Techow, Erwin Kern and Hermann Fischer Shot whilst being driven through Berlin by assassins in another car.
1934 Ernst Röhm, leader of the Sturm Abteilung (SA) Michael Lippert Shot in Stadelheim Prison by SS officers.
1934 Kurt von Schleicher, former German chancellor SS officers Murdered at Babelsberg by the SS during the Night of the Long Knives. His wife Elisabeth was also killed.
1959 Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader Bohdan Stashynsky Poisoned by cyanide gas in Munich.
1961 Salah Ben Youssef, Tunisian politician Shot in a hotel in Frankfurt.
1970 Krim Belkacem, Algerian politician Shot in a hotel in Frankfurt.
1977 Siegfried Buback, German attorney general Shot while driving his car near Karlsruhe.
1977 Jürgen Ponto, CEO Dresdner Bank Red Army Faction members Killed in Frankfurt.
1977 Hanns-Martin Schleyer, president of the German employers' organization Red Army Faction members Kidnapped and later killed.
1989 Alfred Herrhausen, Deutsche Bank CEO Killed by a car bomb in Bad Homburg.
1991 Detlev Karsten Rohwedder, director of Treuhandanstalt for former East Germany Killed in Düsseldorf.
1992 Sadeq Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan, Nouri Dehkordi, dissident Kurdish Iranian political leaders Ordered by Islamic Republic of Iran's leaders Rafsanjani,Khameneye and others Killed in Berlin (see Mykonos restaurant assassinations).

Greece[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
461 BC Ephialtes, leader of the radical democracy movement in Athens
404 BC Alcibiades, Athenian general and politician
336 BC Philip II of Macedon, king of Macedon Pausanias of Orestis Killed in Pella
281 BC Seleucus I Nicator, founder of the Seleucid dynasty Killed near Lysimachia.
251 BC Abantidas, tyrant of Sicyon
1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first President of Greece Konstantinos Mavromichalis and Georgios Mavromichalis Killed outside Nafplio church. Konstantinos Mavromichalis was thrown over a cliff by the citizens of Nafplio; Georgios Mavromichalis was executed by firing squad.
June 13, 1905 Theodoros Deligiannis, Prime Minister of Greece Antonios Gherakaris Stabbed outside the Greek parliament.
March 8, 1907 Marinos Antypas, Greek politician Killed at Pyrgetos in Thessaly.
March 18, 1913 George I of Greece, King of Greece[3] Alexandros Schinas Shot while walking in Thessaloniki. Possible conspiracy.
May 1948 George Polk, American journalist critical of US aid to rightist Greek government
1963 Grigoris Lambrakis, leader of anti-fascist movement in Greece Emannouel Emannouilides and Spyro Gotzamanis Killed with a club in Thessaloniki.
1975 Richard Welch, CIA Station Chief Shot whilst being driven through Athens.
1988 Hagop Hagopian, Armenian leader of ASALA Killed in Athens.
1988 William Nordeen, Tsantes successor as U.S. military attaché in Athens Members of Revolutionary Organization 17 November Killed in Athens.
1989 Pavlos Bakoyannis, New Democracy politician Members of Revolutionary Organization 17 November Shot outside his office in Athens.
2000 Stephen Saunders, Brigadier and British military attaché in Athens Members of Revolutionary Organization 17 November Killed whilst driving in Athens by motorcycle gunmen.

Hungary[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
April 6, 1490 Mathias Corvinus, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia,Duke of Austria[28]
October 31, 1918 István Tisza, Premier of Hungary[28]

Iceland[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
September 23, 1241 Snorri Sturluson, historian and politician Gissur Þorvaldsson

Ireland[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1014 Brian Boruma, Irish king
1920 Tomás Mac Curtain, Lord Mayor of Cork
1922 Michael Collins, President of the Provisional Government and Irish Republican Army (IRA) guerrilla leader during the Irish War of Independence[13] Sonny O'Neill Killed in an ambush firefight near the end of Irish Civil War.
1927 Kevin O'Higgins, Irish politician, Minister of Home Affairs/Minister of Justice of the Irish Free State[28]
1936 Henry Boyle Townshend Somerville, assassinated for providing assistance to Royal Navy recruits
1976 Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to Ireland
1979 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Royal Navy Admiral of the Fleet, last Viceroy of India[3] IRA Three other people killed, including his grandson.
1994 Dominic McGlinchey, Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) leader
1996 Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist

Italy (and former Roman Empire)[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
748 BC Titus Tatius, Sabine king Killed in Rome.
579 BC Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Etruscan king of Rome Killed in Rome by the sons of Ancus Marcius.
534 BC Servius Tullius, Etruscan king of Rome Tarquin II Killed in Rome.
133 BC Tiberius Gracchus, Roman tribune Killed in Rome by Roman senators.
44 BC Julius Caesar, Roman general and dictator Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, and other members of the Roman Senate Resulted in Civil War and indirectly in the end of the Roman Republic.
43 BC Cicero, Roman orator Killed outside of Rome under orders from Mark Antony.
41 Caligula, Roman Emperor Cassius Chaerea, members of the Praetorian Guard, and others
54 Claudius, Roman Emperor Uncertain, reputed to be Agrippina the Younger on behalf of Nero
69 Vitellius, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Flavian army.
69 Galba, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders from Otho.
96 Domitian, Roman Emperor Stephanus, steward to Julia Flavia Killed in Rome.
192 Commodus, Roman Emperor Narcissus, wrestler Killed in Rome.
193 Pertinax, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Praetorian Guard.
193 Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Praetorian Guard.
212 Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by centurions under orders of Caracalla.
217 Caracalla, Roman Emperor Martialis Killed between Edessa and Carrhae (modern-day Sanli Urfa and Harran), possibly under orders of Macrinus.
222 Elagabalus, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders of Julia Maesa and Julia Mamaea.
238 Maximinus Thrax, Roman Emperor Killed outside Aquileia by his troops.
238 Pupienus, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Praetorian Guard. See Year of the Six Emperors.
238 Balbinus, Roman Emperor Killed in Rome by the Praetorian Guard. See Year of the Six Emperors.
253 Volusianus, Roman Emperor Killed near Interamna by his troops.
253 Trebonianus Gallus, Roman Emperor Killed near Interamna by his troops.
275 Aurelian, Roman Emperor Mucapor and members of the Praetorian Guard Killed near Caenophrurium (modern-day Corlu).
276 Florianus, Roman Emperor Killed near Tarsus.
1412 Gian Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan[29]
1478 Giuliano de' Medici, co-ruler of Florence Francesco de' Pazzi and Bernardo Bandini Giuliano was stabbed 19 times, in an incident known as the Pazzi conspiracy. Lorenzo de' Medici was also attacked, but escaped with his life.
1497 Giovanni Borgia, Duke of Gandia, son of Pope Alexander VI
1848 Pellegrino Rossi, Papal States Minister of Justice
July 29, 1900 Umberto I of Italy, King of Italy[13] Gaetano Bresci He was shot four times with a revolver. The reason was the royal decoration of the general Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris, who ordered a bloody repression in Milan in 1898. Influenced Leon Czologsz to kill United States President William McKinley in 1901.
1921 Said Halim Pasha, former Ottoman Prime Minister Arshavir Shirakian Killed in Rome owing to his alleged role in the Armenian Genocide.
June 10, 1924 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian socialist politician[28] Kidnapped and killed by Fascists.
1925 Luigj Gurakuqi, Albanian independence leader Baltjon Stambolla Killed in Bari.
April 28, 1945 Benito Mussolini, fascist, former Prime Minister of Italy[16] Walter Audisio and fellow Communists Shot in the village of Giulino di Mezzegra in Lombardy. His lover Clara Petacci was also killed.
1962 Enrico Mattei, Italian public head officer, head of Eni oil company, supported Algerian independence Died in a plane crash near Bascapè in Lombardy, allegedly caused by a bomb.
1975 Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer, poet and film director Giuseppe Pelosi Died in Ostia after being run over by his own car which Pelosi had stolen.
1978 Aldo Moro, former Prime Minister of Italy Members of the Red Brigades Kidnapped and later killed. See Kidnapping of Aldo Moro.
1978 Giuseppe Impastato, anti-mafia activist Members of the Mafia Killed by a charge of TNT placed under his own body.
1979 Cesare Terranova, magistrate Shot whilst being driven through Palermo. His driver was also killed.
1982 Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, General of the Carabinieri Corps, investigating on the mafia Giuseppe Greco, Giuseppe Lucchese and members of the Mafia Shot whilst being driven through Palermo. His wife and their driver were also killed.
1983 Rocco Chinnici, magistrate Giuseppe Greco, Michele Greco and members of the Mafia Car bombing in Palermo.
1992 Giovanni Falcone, anti-mafia judge Giovanni Brusca Killed in motorway bombing near Palermo.
1992 Paolo Borsellino, anti-mafia judge Salvatore Riina and members of the Mafia Car bombing in Palermo, in which five police officers were also killed. See Massacre of Via D'Amelio.
1992 Salvo Lima, politician Members of the Mafia Shot whilst climbing out of his car in Palermo.
2002 Marco Biagi, Italian Labor Ministry advisor Members of the New Red Brigades Killed in Bologna.

Macedonia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
June 1921 Gyorche Petrov killed by an IMRO-assassin.
2004 Boris Trajkovski, president aircraft crash

Montenegro[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1860 Danilo II of Montenegro Killed in Kotor (then Austria-Hungary) by a member of Bjelopavlici tribe.
1945 Sekula Drljević, Montenegrin nationalist

Netherlands[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
754 Saint Boniface, Christian missionary
1099 Conrad, Bishop of Utrecht
1296 Count Floris V
1425 Duke John of Straubing-Holland
1584 William I of Orange, leader of the Dutch war of independence from Spanish rule (Eighty Years' War) Balthasar Gérard
1649 Isaac Dorislaus, diplomat
1672 Johan de Witt, politician, and his brother
1672 Cornelis de Witt
1987 Gerrit Jan Heijn, top manager of Ahold Ferdi Elsas Kidnapped and later killed.
2002 Pim Fortuyn, election candidate Volkert van der Graaf The attack took place in a parking lot outside a radio studio in Hilversum, where Fortuyn had just given an interview.
2004 Theo van Gogh, film director, writer and critic Mohammed Bouyeri Van Gogh was cycling to work in Amsterdam. He was shot on his bicycle eight times with an HS2000 handgun. Bouyeri also tried to decapitate van Gogh with one knife, and stabbed him in the chest with another.

Norway[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1136 Harald IV Gille of Norway, King assassinated by a pretender to the throne

Ottoman Empire[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1389 Murad I, Third Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Serbian Miloš Obilić Killed during Battle of Kosovo
1579 Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, Grand Vizier of Ottoman Empire
1622 Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
January 23, 1913 Mahmud Şevket Pasha, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire[28]
1929 Djemal Pasha, former Ottoman Minister for the Navy Killed in Istanbul, due to his role in the Armenian Genocide

Poland[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1079 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, Bishop of Kraków (now a saint)
December 16, 1922 Gabriel Narutowicz, President of Poland[28] Eligiusz Niewiadomski Killed five days after his inauguration, while attending the opening of an art exhibit at the Zachęta Gallery in Warsaw.
June 15, 1934 Bronisław Pieracki, Minister of Interior of Poland OUN
August 29, 1931 Tadeusz Hołówko, interwar Polish politician, diplomat OUN
1944 Franz Kutschera, German SS general and chief of police Armia Krajowa Killed by Polish resistance. See Operation Kutschera.
1984 Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest Killed by the communist political police.
1998 Marek Papała, chief of the police Believed to have been killed by the mafia.
1999 Andrzej Kolikowski, leader of the Pruszków mafia in Poland Ryszard Bogucki

Portugal[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
139 BC Viriathus, leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion over the regions of Western Iberia
1355 Inês de Castro, posthumously declared Queen of Portugal
February 1, 1908 Carlos I of Portugal, King, and Luiz Filipe of Portugal, Crown Prince[28] Manuel Buíça and Alfredo Costa Shot by assassins sympathetic to Republican interests and aided by anti-monarchic society Portuguese Carbonária.
1918 Sidónio Pais, President
1965 Humberto Delgado, General, Presidential Candidate
1983 Issam Sartawi, member of the Palestine Liberation Organization Shot in a hotel.

Romania[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1601 Mihai Viteazul, Ruler of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania
1862 Barbu Catargiu, Prime Minister of Romania Killed in Bucharest.
1933 Ion Duca, Prime Minister of Romania Nicolae Constantinescu Shot at Sinaia railway station.
1938 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, politician Members of the Romanian Gendarmerie Killed in Tâncăbeşti.
1939 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania[16] Members of the Iron Guard Shot while being driven through Bucharest.
1940 Nicolae Iorga, former Prime Minister of Romania, historian Kidnapped and later killed.
1940 Virgil Madgearu, politician Kidnapped and later killed.
1945 Constantin Tănase, actor
1989 Danny Huwe, Belgian journalist Shot by a sniper during the Romanian Revolution.
1989 Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian president Executed by a gathering of soldiers on 25 December 1989 (aged 71) after a quick show trial.

Serbia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1817 Karađorđe Petrović, leader of the First Serbian Uprising
1868 Mihailo Obrenović, Prince of Serbia Paul Radovanović and Kosta Radovanović Shot in Košutnjak, a park in Belgrade, as part of a conspiracy.
1903 Aleksandar Obrenović, King of Serbia, and Draga Mašin, Queen Consort Army officers led by Dragutin Dimitrijević Killed in the royal palace as part of the May Overthrow.
2003 Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia Zvezdan Jovanović Jovanović killed his victim with a sniper rifle (a relatively rare type of assassination); see Assassination of Zoran Đinđić.

Spain[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1870 Juan Prim, Prime Minister of Spain and Governor of Puerto Rico Shot in Madrid by unknown hand.
1897 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Prime Minister of Spain Michele Angiolillo Shot in a spa in Mondragón, Guipúzcoa.
1912 José Canalejas, Prime Minister of Spain Manuel Pardiñas Shot in Madrid.
1921 Eduardo Dato Iradier, Prime Minister of Spain Lluís Nicolau, Pere Mateu, and Ramon Casanelles Shot in Madrid by Catalan anarchists.
1936 José Castillo, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party lieutenant in the Assault Guards Falangist gunmen Killed in Madrid.
1936 José Calvo Sotelo, right-wing politician Killed in a police vehicle in Madrid.
1936 Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet and dramatist Nationalists Shot at Alfacar by fascists.
1936 Raoul Villain, assassin of Jean Jaurès Shot on the island of Ibiza.
1937 Andrés Nin, Spanish Communist revolutionary Taken to a camp by the Spanish Government and probably killed there. (this is disputed).
1967 Mohamed Khider, Algerian politician Killed in Madrid.
1968 Melitón Manzanas, secret police officer and state torturer Members of ETA Killed at Irún, Guipúzcoa.
December 20, 1973 Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish prime minister[6] ETA Shot while driving through Madrid. The murder of Luis Carrero Blanco was, according to ETA, then to intensify existing divisions within the Franco regime between the "openness" and "purists".
1997 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Basque politician ETA Kidnapped and later killed.
2000 Fernando Buesa Blanco, Basque politician and party leader ETA Car bombing in Vitoria.
2000 Ernest Lluch Martín, former Spanish minister ETA Shot in Barcelona.

Sweden[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1156 King Sverker I of Sweden
1160 King Eric IX of Sweden
1167 King Charles VII of Sweden
1436 Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Regent of Sweden
1577 King Eric XIV of Sweden On order of his half-brother King John III of Sweden
1792 King Gustav III of Sweden Jacob Johan Anckarström The king was shot at a masquerade ball and died two weeks later from his wounds.
June 20, 1810 Count Axel von Fersen, Marshal of the Realm Otto Johan Tandefelt, sailor ("crushing of the ribcage" by jumping with both feet on Count von Fersen's chest.) Killed by a vicious mob in Stockholm, who blamed him for the death of Crown Prince Carl August. Army soldiers were present at the scene, but were ordered not to interfere.
February 28, 1986 Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden[3] Unknown Shot on his way home from a cinema on a street in central Stockholm. He was not accompanied by any bodyguards on this occasion.
September 11, 2003 Anna Lindh, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden Mijailo Mijailović Lindh was stabbed while visiting the NK department store in central Stockholm on September 10. She died the following morning. Lindh was prominently featured in the ”Yes” campaign during the Euro referendum, which took place later in the same weekend. She did not have any protective detail assigned to her, because the Swedish Security Police had not received, or perceived there to be no specific threats made against her.

Switzerland[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1308 Albert I of Habsburg, German King and Duke of Austria John Parricida Albert was killed by his nephew, whom he had deprived of his inheritance, at Windisch on the Reuss River.
1639 Jörg Jenatsch Killed in Chur
1898 Elisabeth ("Sisi"), empress of Austria and queen of Hungary Luigi Lucheni Lucheni attacked the Empress randomly on the street of Geneva. Elisabeth was stabbed in the heart once with a sharp needle file. Due to her extremely tight corset, she had no idea she has been wounded and collapsed suddenly two hours later due to slow internal hemorrhaging.
1936 Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi party
1960 Félix-Roland Moumié, successor to Ruben Um Nyobe at the head of the UPC Assassinated by the SDECE (French secret services).
1990 Kazem Rajavi, Iranian opposition leader Killed in Geneva.

Turkey[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1913 Mahmud Şevket Pasha, prime minister
1921 Mustafa Suphi, communist leader
1979 Abdi Ipekçi, journalist, Editor-in-Chief of Milliyet newspaper Killed by Mehmet Ali Ağca in Istanbul.
1979 Metin Yüksel, Islamic political activist
1979 Cavit Orhan Tütengil, academician and writer
1980 Ümit Kaftancıoğlu, writer and TV producer
1980 Kemal Türkler, labor union leader Killed by Grey Wolves in Istanbul.
1980 Nihat Erim, former Prime Minister of Turkey Killed by a Dev Sol operative in Istanbul.
1990 Muammer Aksoy, University professor in Law Killed in Ankara.
1990 Bahriye Üçok, University professor in Islam Studies and women's rights activist Killed in Istanbul.
1990 Turan Dursun, Islamic scholar, author, and journalist Killed in Ankara, unresolved.
1992 Musa Anter, dissident Kurdish activist and writer Killed in Diyarbakır, unresolved, attributed to Turkish military intelligence (JITEM).
1993 Uğur Mumcu, a journalist of Cumhuriyet newspaper Unknown Killed in Ankara.
1995 Onat Kutlar, writer, poet, founder of Cinemateque Istanbul, columnist for Cumhuriyet newspaper Killed in Istanbul.
1996 Özdemir Sabancı, prominent industrialist and member of Sabancı family
1998 Konca Kuriş, Islamic feminist author Kidnapped and tortured to death in Mersin.
1999 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, politician, former Minister of Culture, Ankara University professor in Political Science, Cumhuriyet newspaper columnist
2001 Üzeyir Garih, Turkish Jewish businessman and industrialist
2002 Necip Hablemitoğlu, Professor of history at Ankara University His assassination is unresolved.
2006 Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, High Judge at Council of State Alparslan Arslan Killed in Ankara.
2006 Andrea Santoro, Roman Catholic priest Murdered in the Santa Maria Church in Trabzon.
2007 Hrant Dink, Turkish Armenian journalist, publisher of Agos newspaper Ogün Samast Fired three shots at Dink's head from the back at point blank range before fleeing the scene on foot. See Assassination of Hrant Dink.

United Kingdom[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
293 Carausius, usurper of the Western Roman Empire
946 Edmund I, King of England Stabbed at a banquet
978 Edward the Martyr, King of England
1170 Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury
1306 John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch Robert the Bruce, Roger de Kirkpatrick
1381 Robert Hales, Lord High Treasurer Beheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt.
1381 Simon of Sudbury, Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of London Beheaded at Tower Hill by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt.
1381 John Cavendish, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge Beheaded in Bury St Edmunds by rebels during the Peasants' Revolt.
1437 King James I of Scotland Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl Killed at Perth on the night of 20–1 February in a failed coup by his kinsman and former ally Walter Stewart.
1452 William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas James II of Scotland
Henry VI of England, King of England Killed in the Tower of London likely on the orders of Edward IV of England.
1488 King James III of Scotland Killed by rebels.
1567 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, husband of Mary, Queen of Scots Killed at Kirk o' Field, Edinburgh
1570 James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Regent of Scotland James Hamilton The first assassination carried out with a firearm.
1628 George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, Lord High Admiral/royal favourite John Felton Stabbed in Portsmouth whilst planning a second expedition to La Rochelle.
1679 James Sharp, Archbishop of St Andrews Killed in Fife, near St Andrews.
1812 Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom John Bellingham The only British prime minister to be assassinated.
1812 Louis-Alexandre de Launay, French diplomat Stabbed to death with a stiletto by his former servant at his home in Barnes. His wife was also killed.
1916 Lord Kitchener, British Field Marshal and Secretary of State for War Killed on the HMS Hampshire after the cruiser struck a mine off Orkney. His body was never recovered. Some claim that Kitchener was deliberately assassinated; Fritz Joubert Duquesne, a German spy, claimed to have orchestrated the sinking of the Hampshire.
June 22, 1922 Henry Hughes Wilson, British field marshal, retired Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Conservative politician[28] Reginald Dunne and Joseph O'Sullivan Killed outside his house in Eaton Square, London, by voluntary members of the Irish Republican Army.
1940 Michael O'Dwyer, former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab Udham Singh, a Punjabi revolutionary Killed during a speech at Caxton Hall, London.
1972 Paddy Wilson, Social Democratic and Labour Party politician Stabbed to death in Belfast, along with his friend Irene Andrews. See Paddy Wilson and Irene Andrews killings.
1975 Ross McWhirter, co-author of the Guinness Book of Records and right wing political activist Harry Duggan and Hugh Doherty Killed outside his home in Bush Hill Park, London, by members of the Balcombe Street Gang, both of whom were Irish Republican Army volunteers.
1977 Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri, past prime minister of Yemen Arab Republic Killed in London.
1978 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident Died in London after being attacked with ricin fired from a gun disguised as an umbrella on Waterloo Bridge.
1979 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, former Governor-General of India Thomas McMahon Killed along with three others while on a fishing trip with his family by a bomb planted onto his boat by McMahon. McMahon was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, who claimed responsibility for the attack.
1979 Airey Neave, British Conservative politician Car bombing outside Palace of Westminster, by members of the Irish National Liberation Army
1981 Sir Norman Stronge, aristocrat and Northern Irish politician, and his son, Sir James Stronge, aristocrat and Northern Irish politician IRA members Both were killed by members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army at their ancestral home, Tynan Abbey in County Armagh, which the Provisional IRA later set on fire.
1981 Robert Bradford, Unionist MP in Northern Ireland IRA members Murdered during a speech at Finaghy in Belfast.
1982 Shlomo Argov, Israeli Ambassador to the Court of St. James's Although Argov survived this assassination attempt, the injuries he sustained in the attack resulted in his death in 2003.
1983 Edgar Graham, Ulster Unionist politician Shot by an IRA gunman outside Queens University Belfast.
1987 George Seawright, Northern Ireland politician IPLA members Killed by the Irish People's Liberation Organisation in Shankill, Belfast.
1989 Patrick Finucane, solicitor Ken Barrett Killed in Belfast by Ulster Loyalists.
1990 Ian Gow, British Conservative politician IRA members Killed by a car bomb near his house in East Sussex.
1997 Billy Wright, Loyalist Volunteer Force leader INLA prisoners Killed in Maze Prison.
1999 Jill Dando, British television presenter Shot outside her own home in Fulham, London by unknown hand.
2006 Alexander Litvinenko, former FSB officer and critic of Vladimir Putin Unknown, though believed to be figures within the government of Russia Acute radiation syndrome via ingestion of polonium-210. See Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko.

Yugoslavia[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
268 Gallienus, Roman emperor Killed near Naissus.
282 Probus, Roman emperor Assassinated at Sirmium.
285 Carinus, Roman emperor Assassinated at Margus.
2000 Željko Ražnatović ("Arkan"), Serb paramilitary leader
2000 Pavle Bulatović, defense minister of Yugoslavia
2000 Ivan Stambolić, Serbian politician

Ukraine[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1918 Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer
1926 Symon Petlura, Ukrainian political leader Sholom Schwartzbard
1938 Yevhen Konovaletz, Ukrainian nationalist leader Pavel Sudoplatov
1959 Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader Bohdan Stashynsky
1957 Lev Rebet, Ukrainian nationalist leader Bohdan Stashynsky
1979 Volodymyr Ivasiuk, Ukrainian composer
1995 Akhat Bragin, Ukrainian businessman of Tatar descent, president of the football club Shakhtar Donetsk until his death.
1998 Vadym Hetman, politician, banker
2000 Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist
2000 Yevhen Shcherban, Ukrainian politician
2005 Stepan Senchuk, Ukrainian politician

Russia/Soviet Union[edit]

Date Victim(s) Assassin(s) Notes
1762 Peter III of Russia, Emperor of Russia Unknown Possibly organized by Catherine the Great
1801 Paul I of Russia, Emperor of Russia Band of dismissed officers led by Levin August, Count von Bennigsen, Vladimir Mikhailovich Yashvil, Nikolay Zubov and others Organized by Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Nikita Petrovich Panin and José de Ribas
1825 Mikhail Miloradovich, military Governor of Saint Petersburg Pyotr Kakhovsky
1878 Nikolay Mezentsov, Executive Director of the Third Section Sergey Stepnyak-Kravchinsky
March 13, 1881 Alexander II of Russia, Tsar of All the Russias[27] Ignacy Hryniewiecki Assassination plot concluded with bombs.
1893 Nikolay Alekseyev, Mayor of Moscow Andrianov
April 8, 1902 Dmitry Sipyagin, Russian Interior Minister[28] Stepan Balmashov
1904 Vyacheslav von Plehve, Russian Interior Minister Yegor Sazonov
1905 Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov, former Governor-General of Moscow Ivan Kalyayev Organized by the SR Combat Organization
September 14, 1911 Pyotr Stolypin, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Bogrov Killed in theater in Kiev[28]
December 30, 1916 Grigori Rasputin, controversial friar and mystic[13] Band of nobles led by Felix Yusupov, Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia, Vladimir Purishkevich and Vasily Maklakov
July 16, 1918 Tsar Nicholas II and his family: Tsarina Alexandra, Tsarevich Alexei, Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia, physician Eugene Botkin, maid Anna Demidova, footman Alexei Trupp and cook Ivan Kharitonov Firing squad Order given by Yakov Yurovsky on behalf of Vladimir Lenin
July 18, 1918 Elizabeth of Hesse, Grand Duchess of Russia, Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich, Princes John Constantinovich, Constantine Constantinovich and Igor Constantinovich, poet and prince Vladimir Paley and nun Varvara Yakovleva Cheka officers
1918 V. Volodarsky, revolutionary Grigory Ivanovich Semyonov
1918 Wilhelm von Mirbach, German Ambassador in Moscow Yakov Blumkin
December 1, 1934 Sergey Kirov, Bolshevik party leader in Leningrad[28] Leonid Nikolaev
1948 Solomon Mikhoels, Chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee[30] Police officers, led by Sergei Ogoltsov Ordered by Joseph Stalin
1991 Igor Talkov, singer-songwriter, anti-Soviet activist Allegedly Valeriy Schlyafman
1995 Vladislav Listyev, a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel Unknown
1996 Dzhokhar Dudayev, first Chechen separatist President and anti-Russian guerrilla leader Russian military
1998 Valeriy Hubulov, South Ossetian politician, former prime minister Unknown
1998 Galina Starovoytova, influential politician, then member of Russian parliament (Duma) Yuri Kolchin and Vitali Akishin
1998 Otakhon Latifi, Tajik journalist and opposition figure Allegedly Abdullo Tursunov
2003 Sergei Yushenkov, Russian politician Mikhail Kodanev and others Killed in Moscow[31]
2003 Yuri Shchekochikhin, Russian journalist Unknown Killed in Moscow[32]
2004 Paul Klebnikov, editor of the Russian edition of Forbes magazine
2004 Akhmad Kadyrov, Kremlin-backed President of the Chechen Republic Presumed to be Chechen Islamists Killed along with about 30 others in a football stadium during a Soviet Victory Day parade, by a bomb that had been built into the concrete of one of the stadium's supporting columns.
2005 Aslan Maskhadov, President of separatist Chechnya
2005 Anatoly Trofimov, former FSB deputy director
2005 Magomed Omarov, deputy Interior Minister of Dagestan
2005 Bayaman Erkinbayev, Kyrgyz MP
2006 Altynbek Sarsenbayev, Kazakh politician
2006 Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev, President of separatist Chechnya
2006 Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist and human rights campaigner Unknown; many theories Shot in the elevator block of her apartment in Moscow. See Assassination of Anna Politkovskaya.
2008 Vitaly Karayev, mayor of Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia–Alania
2008 Kazbek Pagiyev, former mayor of Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia–Alania
2008 Nina Varlamova, mayor of Kandalaksha, Murmansk Oblast
2009 Stanislav Markelov, human rights lawyer
2009 Adilgerei Magomedtagirov, interior minister of Dagestan
2009 Aza Gazgireyeva, deputy chair of Ingushetia Supreme Court
2009 Bashir Aushev, former deputy prime minister of Ingushetia
2009 Natalia Estemirova, human rights activist
2011 Gadzhimurat Kamalov, journalist

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2004, p156 (World Almanac 2004)
  2. ^ "Chief Political Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1967, p257 (World Almanac 1967)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an World Almanac 2004, p156
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l World Almanac 1967, p257
  5. ^ "Assassinations and Political Murders," 20th Century Timeline (Griesewood & Dempsey, Ltd., 1985) (Crescent Books, 1985) [20th Century Timeline] , p119
  6. ^ a b 20th Century Timeline, p120
  7. ^ "Historic Assassinations Since 1865," The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1982 (World Almanac 1982), p750
  8. ^ Cohen, David William (2004). The Risks of Knowledge: Investigations Into the Death of the Hon. Minister John Robert Ouko in Kenya, 1990. Ohio University Press. p. x. ISBN 9780821415986. 
  9. ^ "Nigeria's Boko Haram accused of killing MP Modu Bintube". BBC News. October 17, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Killed the Matabele God: Burnham, the American scout, may end uprising". New York Times. June 25, 1896. ISSN 0093-1179. 
  11. ^ "Veneno para un magnicidio". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  12. ^ "Habla Mayor (R) Carlos Herrera Jimenez, procesado por el Caso Tucapel". Web.archive.org. 2008-01-17. Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j World Almanac 1982, p750
  14. ^ Complete Transcript of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassination Conspiracy Trial (from The King Center website)
  15. ^ "Sirhan Sirhan Kept Behind Bars". CBS. 2003-03-06. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  16. ^ a b c 20th Century Timeline, p119
  17. ^ Demourian, Avet (October 27, 1999). "Gunmen Take Over Armenian Parliament; Premier Killed". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f Beylergizi, Shahnaz. "Onlar hamısı evinin kandarında öldürülüblər...". http://www.azadliq.org/ (in Azerbaijani). Radio Freedom. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "Elmar Huseynov". http://www.cpj.org/. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  20. ^ "Azerbaijan air force head killed". bbcnews.com. BBC. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  21. ^ Parpola, Simo, "The Murderer of Sennacherib", from Alster, Bendt (ed.), "Death on Mesopotamia", XXVIème Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Akademisk Forlag, 1980.
  22. ^ "Iraqi general assassinated". Agence France-Presse. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  23. ^ Reuters (2013-01-15). "Iraqi MP killed in suicide attack". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  24. ^ Source: reuters // Reuters (2013-01-24). "Arabian Al-Qaeda's Number Two Is Dead (Reuters)". Trust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  25. ^ a b c d Papua, West (2012-06-18). "Papua’s Fallen Leaders – arena". Arena.org.au. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  26. ^ "7.30". ABC. 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  27. ^ a b c d World Almanac 2004, p155
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m 20th Century Timeline, p118
  29. ^ Adams, John (1794). A defence of the constitutions of government of the United States of America, against the attack of M. Turgot in his letter to Dr. Price, dated the twenty-second day of March, 1778. London: John Stockdale. pp. 153–155. OCLC 2678599. Retrieved November 6, 2010. 
  30. ^ "stalin's secret pogrom-INTRO". Joshuarubenstein.com. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  31. ^ http://www.eng.terror99.ru/publications/092.htm
  32. ^ http://www.eng.terror99.ru/publications/118.htm