List of assassinations of the Sri Lankan Civil War

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During the Sri Lankan Civil War militant groups, paramilitary groups and government security forces were accused of assassinating many public figures on suspicion of being sympathizers or informants, in retaliation for killings and attacks, to eliminate competition from rival groups, or to stifle dissent.[1] The following is a list of notable assassinations of the Sri Lankan Civil War, attributed by various self-admissions, NGOs, United Nations agencies, foreign governments, and the state-owned media of Sri Lanka.

Background[edit]

The Sri Lankan Civil War was a conflict on the island-nation of Sri Lanka. Between 1983 and 2009 there was an intermittent civil war, predominantly between the government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a separatist militant organisation who fight for the creation of an independent state named Tamil Eelam in the North and East of the island. The UN has estimated that up to 100,000 people (combatants and civilians) may have been killed during the 26 years of fighting.[2] The civil war has caused significant harm to the population and economy of the country, as well as leading to the ban of the LTTE as a terrorist organisation in 32 countries including the United States, Australia, the countries of the European Union and Canada. The war ended in May 2009 when the Sri Lankan military defeated the LTTE. Numerous human rights violations have been committed by both the Sri Lankan military and the LTTE, including the assassination of individuals by both sides. A majority of the notable figures on this list were members of the Tamil community in Sri Lanka, and in many instances were allegedly assassinated by the LTTE for taking moderate political stances, or for rejecting militant action and attempting to engage in the democratic process in Sri Lanka.

Assassinations[edit]

Heads of state and government[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Rajiv Gandhi Former Prime Minister of India 21 May 1991 Sriperumbudur, TN, India Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed, but they denied it until 2006. In 2006, LTTE chief negotiator Anton Balasingham said "it (Rajiv Gandhi's assassination) is a great tragedy, a monumental historical tragedy for which we deeply regret".[3][4][5]
Ranasinghe Premadasa President of Sri Lanka 1 May 1993 Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[6][7][8][9]

Ministers[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Lalith Athulathmudali Former cabinet minister; DUNF (formerly UNP) MP (Colombo District) 23 April 1993 Kirulapana, Colombo Shot President Premadasa was found to be directly responsible for the assassination of Lalith Athulathmudali.[10]
D. M. Dassanayake Nation Building Minister; SLFP MP (Puttalam District) 8 January 2008 Ja-Ela, Gampaha District Roadside bombing LTTE is blamed.[11]
Gamini Dissanayake Former cabinet minister; UNP presidential candidate 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Grandpass, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[8][9][12][13]
Jeyaraj Fernandopulle Minister of Highways & Road Development; SLFP MP (Gampaha District) 6 April 2008 Weliveriya, Gampaha District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[14]
C. V. Gunaratne Minister of Industrial Development; SLFP MP (Colombo District) 8 June 2000 Ratmalana, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[15]
Lakshman Kadirgamar Minister of Foreign Affairs; SLFP MP (National List) 12 August 2005 Colombo Sniper LTTE is blamed by the government and European Union.[9][16][17][18]
Weerasinghe Mallimarachchi Former cabinet minister; UNP MP (Colombo District) 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Grandpass, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[8][9]
G. M. Premachandra Former cabinet minister; former chief minister; former UNP MP (Kurunegala District) 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Grandpass, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[8][9]
Ranjan Wijeratne Minister of Defence; UNP MP 2 March 1991 Colombo Car bomb LTTE is blamed.[9][19]

Members of Sri Lankan parliament[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Ossie Abeygunasekara UNP MP (Colombo District) 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Grandpass, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[8][9]
A. L. Abdul Majeed Independent (formerly SLFP) MP (Muttur) 13 November 1987 Muttur, Trincomalee Shot LTTE is blamed.[20]
M. Alalasundaram Former TULF MP (Kopay) 2 September 1985 Thinnaveli, Jaffna Shot TELO is blamed.[20][21][22]
A. Amirthalingam Former Leader of the Opposition; leader of the TULF; TULF MP (National List) 13 July 1989 Wijerama Mawatha, Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[21][23]
Nadarajah Atputharajah
(alias Ramesh)
EPDP MP (Jaffna District); publisher of Thinamurasu newspaper 2 November 1999 Colombo Shot EPDP is blamed.[21]
M. Canagaratnam UNP (formerly TULF) MP (Pottuvil) 20 April 1980 Colombo Shot Shot by Prabhakaran and Uma Maheswaran in 1978, and succumbed to his wounds in 1980.[24]
Ariyanayagam Chandra Nehru Former TNA/TULF MP (Ampara District) 7 February 2005 Batticaloa District Ambush TMVP/Karuna Amman is blamed.[21][25] Tamil National Force, a TMVP/ENDLF front, claimed responsibility.
V. Dharmalingam Former TULF MP (Manipay) 2 September 1985 Manipay, Jaffna Shot TELO is blamed.[20][21][22]
Alfred Duraiappah Former Independent MP (Jaffna); Independent Mayor of Jaffna 27 July 1975 Jaffna Shot LTTE leader V. Prabhakaran himself.[21][26]
Mohammed Maharoof UNP MP (Trincomalee District) 20 July 1997 Trincomalee Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[27]
T. Maheshwaran UNP MP (Colombo District) 1 January 2008 Colombo Shot EPDP s blamed.[21][28] Government is blamed by UNP.[29] Wikileads stated that Karuna Group was to be blamed.[citation needed]
Joseph Pararajasingham TNA/TULF MP (Batticaloa District) 25 December 2005 Batticaloa Shot TMVP, EPDP and government are blamed.[21][30][31] The Government and the LTTE blame each other.[31][32]
K. T. Pulendran Former UNP MP; UNP organiser, Vavuniya District 19 January 1983 Vavunia Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Shantha Kumara Punchihewa Former UNP MP (Vanni District); UNP organiser, Vavuniya District 6 October 2008 Anuradhapura Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed by government.[34]
Kingsley Rasanayagam TNA MP (Batticaloa District) 20 October 2000 Iruthayapuram, Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed.[35]
Nadarajah Raviraj TNA/TULF MP (Jaffna District); former Mayor of Jaffna 10 November 2006 Colombo Shot EPDP is blamed.[21] TMVP and government are blamed by the TNA.[36] Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Defence of the Government of Sri Lanka, was accused of involvement in the assassination by UTHR, a local human right organisation.[37] LTTE is blamed by the International Center for Strategic Defense.[38]
S. Shanmuganathan PLOTE MP (Vanni District) 15 July 1998 Irambaikkulam, Vavuniya District Roadside bombing LTTE is blamed.[21]
Sinnathamby Sivamaharajah Former TULF MP (Jaffna District); editor of Namathu Eelanadu (Our Eelam Nation) newspaper 20 August 2006 Tellippalai, Jaffna District Shot EPDP is blamed.[21] Government blamed by TNA.[citation needed] LTTE is blamed by SATP, a pro-government organisation.[39]
K. Sivanesan TNA MP (Jaffna District) 6 March 2008 A 9 highway, Mullaitivu District Roadside bombing Sri Lankan Army's LRRP is blamed.[21][40][41]
Nimalan Soundaranayagam TULF MP (Batticaloa District) 7 November 2000 Kiran, Batticaloa District Shot LTTE is blamed.[21] Killed on the orders of Karuna Amman.[21]
Sam Tambimuttu EPRLF MP (Batticaloa District) 7 May 1990 Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[21][42]
A. Thiagarajah Former ACTC MP (Vaddukoddai); UNP candidate; former principal, Karainagar Hindu College 24 May 1981 Shot PLOTE and LTTE blamed.[20][21][43]
Arunasalam Thangathurai TULF MP (Trincomalee District) 5 July 1997 Trincomalee Grenade and gun attack LTTE is blamed.[21]
Neelan Tiruchelvam TULF MP (National List) 29 July 1999 Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[44]
Gamini Wijesekara UNP MP; Secretary, UNP 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Grandpass, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[8][9]
G. Yogasangari EPRLF MP (Jaffna District) 19 June 1990 Kodambakam, Madras, TN, India Grenade and gun attack LTTE is blamed.[21][23]
V. Yogeswaran Former TULF MP (Jaffna) 13 July 1989 Wijerama Mawatha, Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[21][23]

Provincial councillors[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Sunil Dissanayaka UNP provincial councillor 6 October 2008 Anuradhapura Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed by the government.[34]
P. Ganeshalingam Former EPRLF minister, North Eastern Provincial Council 28 January 1990 LTTE is blamed.[22]
P. Kirubakaran Former EPRLF Finance Minister, North Eastern Provincial Council 19 June 1990 Kodambakam, Madras, TN, India Grenade and gun attack LTTE is blamed.[21][23]
Janaka Perera UNP Leader of the Opposition, North Central Provincial Council; former Chief of Staff, Sri Lankan Army 6 October 2008 Anuradhapura Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed by the government.[34]

Local councillors[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Kandiah Amirthalingam Vice Chairman, Vakarai Pradeshiya Sabha 29 September 1996 Oddamavadi Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
Thomas Anton Deputy Mayor of Batticaloa 26 October 1995 Batticaloa LTTE is blamed SATP, a pro-government organisation.[46]
M. Balasingham Member of Pradeshiya Sabha 12 May 1999 Urumpirai, Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
Murugesu Gunaratnam
(alias Vino)
Former PLOTE Deputy Chairman, Kaluvanchikudi Pradeshiya Sabha; public relations officer 2 September 1999 Vavuniya Bomb LTTE is blamed.[47]
Veerahaththy Gunaratnam PLOTE Member, Pachchilaipalli Pradheshiya Sabha 5 May 1999 Vavuniya Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33][48]
T. Jeyarajah Chairman, Chenkalady Pradeshiya Sabha 13 September 1994 Chenkalady, Batticaloa District Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
P. Kandasamy Member of Pradeshiya Sabha 14 February 1999 Avarankal Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
S. Nadarajah Former TULF Chairman, Jaffna District Development Council LTTE is blamed.[21]
Chelian Perinpanayagam Former Mayor of Batticaloa, writer, journalist 10 September 2000 Eastern Kalmunai Shot LTTE is blamed by UTHR, a local human right organisation.[49]
Nagarmani Rajadurai Chairman, Mandur Pradeshiya Shaba 16 April 1996 Mandur, Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
T. Rajkumar Member of Pradeshiya Sabha 31 May 1999 Kandaramadam Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
S. Sambandamoorthy Former TULF Chairman, Batticaloa District Development Council 7 March 1989 Chenkalady, Batticaloa District Shot LTTE is blamed.[21][33][50]
Pon Sivapalan TULF Mayor of Jaffna 11 September 1998 Jaffna Claymore bomb attack LTTE is blamed.[21][23]
Vadivelu Vijeyaratnam
(alias Sellakili Master)
PLOTE Chairman, Point Pedro Urban Council 14 January 2000 Point Pedro, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33][51]
Sarojini Yogeswaran TULF Mayor of Jaffna 17 May 1998 Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed.[21] Sankiliyan Force, suspected to be a front organisation for the LTTE, has claimed responsibility.[52][53]

Other politicians[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Lakshman Algama UNP politician; Former Chief of Staff, Sri Lankan Army 18 December 1999 Ja-Ela, Gampaha District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed by the government.[54]
S. Gopallapillai UNP candidate 18 September 1983 Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
Karavai Kandasamy Deputy chairman, DPLF 31 December 1994 Robert Place, Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
Pon Mathimukarajah
(Mathimugaraj)
General Secretary, TULF Nallur Branch 26 December 1998 Nallur, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33][45]
S. J. Muttiah UNP candidate, Chavakacheri 29 April 1983 Chavakacheri, Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45][55]
Kumaraswamy Nandagopan
(alias Ragu)
President, TMVP 14 November 2008 Colombo District Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[56]
Kanapathipillai Navaratnarajah TELO member 7 June 2000 Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed.[57]
S. A. Oswald SLFP Secretary, Gurunagar 24 June 1998 Gurunagar, Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
Kumar Ponnambalam Leader of the ACTC; lawyer 5 January 2000 Colombo Shot Government is blamed by his family.[58]National Front Against Terrorism has claimed responsibility.[59]
John Pulle UNP organiser, Anuradhapura District; former Sri Lankan Ambassador 6 October 2008 Anuradhapura Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed by the government.[34]
S. Rajaratnam UNP candidate, Valvettithurai 29 April 1983 Valvettithurai, Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
A. J. Rajasooriar UNP organiser, Jaffna District 12 August 1983 Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Canagasabai Rajathurai EPDP Member Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Mala Ramachandran UNP member, Batticaloa Municipal Council 1 September 1983 Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
K. B. Ratnasingham UNP candidate, Point Pedro 29 April 1983 Point Pedro, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45][55]
Rajan Sathiyamoorthy TNA parliamentary candidate 30 March 2004 Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed.[21][60]
Anton Sivalingam EPDP Member 1 March 2000 Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[61]
S. T. Tharmalingam SLFP organiser, Jaffna District 3 October 1997 Columbuthurai, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
S. Vidyanandan District Secretary, Communist Party 8 March 1988 Chunnakam, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Velamurugu Master TULF organiser; Member, Kalmunai Citizens Committee 20 August 1983 Kalmunai Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Vanniasingham Vigneswaran TNA member; President, Trincomalee District Tamil Peoples' Forum 7 April 2006 Trincomalee Shot TMVP is blamed.[21]
K. Vinothan Former SLFP organiser, Jaffna District 28 April 1995 Sea Avenue, Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]

Military officers[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Lt. General Nalin Angammana General Officer Commanding, 3rd Army Division, Sri Lankan Army 30 July 1995 Batticaloa Land mine LTTE is blamed.[62]
Admiral Clancy Fernando Commander of the Sri Lanka Navy 16 November 1992 Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[63] He is the senior most military officer killed by the LTTE.
Major General Percy Fernando Deputy General Officer Commanding, 54 Division 20 April 2000 Elephant Pass, Kilinochchi District Sniper LTTE is blamed.[64]
Major General Ananda Hamangoda Brigade Commander, 51-2 Brigade 4 July 1996 Jaffna Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[65][66]
Rear Admiral Mohan Jayamaha Commander, Northern Naval Area 8 August 1992 Kayts, Jaffna District Land mine LTTE is blamed.[67]
Lt. General Denzil Kobbekaduwa General Officer Commanding, Northern Sector 8 August 1992 Kayts, Jaffna District Land mine LTTE is blamed.[67] Involvement of Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa is speculated.[68]
Lt. General Parami Kulatunga Deputy Chief of Staff, Sri Lankan Army 26 June 2006 Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[65]
Major General Susantha Mendis Brigade Commander, 51-4 Brigade 11 September 1998 Jaffna Bombing at Mayor's office LTTE is blamed
Colonel Tuan Nizam Muthaliff Commanding Officer, 1st Battalion, Military Intelligence Corps 31 May 2005 Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[69]
Major General Lucky Wijayaratne Commander, 22 Brigade 18 December 1990 Trincomalee District Land mine LTTE is blamed.[70]
Major General Larry Wijeratne Brigade Commander, 51-4 Brigade 14 May 1998 Jaffna Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[65]
Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne Commander, Jaffna Brigade 8 August 1992 Kayts, Jaffna District Land mine LTTE is blamed.[67]

Police officers[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
IP T. I. Bastiampillai Inspector of Police, CID 7 April 1978 Mannar Shot along with his police team Sellakili, a former bodyguard of Prabhakaran.[24]
ASP Ivan Boteju Assistant Superintendent of Police, Kalmunai June 1990 Ampara District Shot LTTE is blamed.[71][72]
SDIG T. N. De Silva SDIG, Colombo Range 18 December 1999 Colombo Bomb blast targeting President Chandrika Kumaratunga LTTE is blamed.[73]
ASP E. M. H. B Ekanayake Asst. Superintendent of Police (Posthumous), Colombo 03 2004 Colombo Bombing at Kollupitiya Police Station targeting EPDP Leader Douglas Devananda LTTE is blamed.[74]
Kandiah Karunanithy PC3164 CID, Kankesanthurai police 14 February 1977 Maviddapuram Shot Prabhakaran, Sellakili, Charles Anthony - LTTE is blamed. He is the first police officer to be murdered by Tamil militants.[24]
SSP Chandra Perera Superintendent of Police, Jaffna 11 September 1998 Jaffna Bombing at Mayor's office LTTE is blamed.[75]
DIG Upul Seneviratne Director of Training, Special Task Force 7 August 2006 Digana, Kandy Roadside bombing LTTE is blamed.[76]
DIG Richard Wijesekara Superintendent of Police, Trincomalee 1991 Trincomalee landmine LTTE is blamed.[74]
DIG Charles Wijewardene Superintendent of Police, Jaffna 5 August 2005 Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed.[77]

Civil servants[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Herath Abeyweera Chief Secretary, Eastern Provincial Council 16 July 2007 Trincomalee Shot LTTE is blamed.[78][79]
Samanturai Anthonimuttu District Secretary/Government Agent, Batticaloa District Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]
Markandu Eswaram Chief Engineer 11 September 1998 Nallur, Jaffna District Bombing at Mayor's office LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]
A. L. M. Faleel Divisional Secretary/Assistant Government Agent, Kattankudy, Batticaloa District 4 December 2005 Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed.[81]
Pon. Ganeshamoorthy General Manager, People's Bank; literary figure; poet 4 August 2006 Kankesanthurai, Jaffna District Shot Sri Lanka military intelligence is blamed.[82]
S. S. Jeganathan Divisional Secretary/Assistant Government Agent, Batticaloa District Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]
T. Kailainathan Director of Vocational Qualification 4 April 2005 LTTE is blamed by UTHR, a local human right organisation.[83]
Ketheesh Loganathan Co-founder, Centre for Policy Alternatives; Deputy Leader, Government Peace Secretariat 12 August 2006 Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed. He was accused as a traitor by nitharsanam.com, a website allegedly run by LTTE.[84]
N. Nanthakumar Divisional Secretary/Assistant Government Agent, Thunukkai, Mullaitivu District 29 June 2008 Mullaitivu Claymore bomb attack Sri Lankan Army's LRRP is blamed.[85][86]
V. M. Panchalingam District Secretary/Government Agent, Jaffna District 1 May 1989 Nallur, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80][87]
Rajshankar President, Thenmarachchi Citizens Cimmittee Thenmarachchi, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]
Sinnadurai Divisional Secretary/Assistant Government Agent, Trincomalee District Trincomalee Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]
B. K. Thambipillai President, Citizens Cimmittee Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]
Vignarajah Sarvodaya Leader; District Secretary/Government Agent Shot LTTE is blamed by SPUR, a pro-government organisation.[80]

Journalists[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Sampath Lakmal de Silva Freelance journalist 2 July 2006 Dehiwela, Colombo District Shot Sri Lankan Army is blamed.[citation needed]
Richard de Zoysa Author; journalist 18 February 1990 Welikadawatte, Colombo Shot Senior Superintendent of Police Ronnie Gunasinghe and other police officers are involved on the orders of President Ranasinghe Premadasa.[88][89]
P. Devakumaran Journalist, Shakthi TV 28 May 2008 Navanthurai, Jaffna District Hacked to death EPDP is blamed.[90]
Balanadarajah Iyer Lead editor, EPDP; founder, Thinamurasu newspaper 16 August 2004 Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[91][92]
Ranjith Kumar Journalist, Uthayan 2 May 2006 Jaffna Shot EPDP is blamed.[citation needed]
Suresh Kumar Journalist, Uthayan 2 May 2006 Jaffna Shot EPDP is blamed.[citation needed]
Aiyathurai Nadesan Reporter, Virakesari 31 May 2004 Batticaloa Shot TMVP is blamed by Human Rights Watch.[93]
Sahathevan Nilakshan Journalist, Chaalaram 1 August 2007 Kokkuvil, Jaffna District Shot [citation needed]
Mylvaganam Nimalarajan Reporter, BBC 19 October 2000 Jaffna Shot EPDP is blamed.[94][95]
K. S. Raja Reporter, Radio Ceylon 1989 Colombo Shot EPDP is blamed.[96]
Selvarajah Rajivarnam Reporter, Uthayan 29 April 2007 Jaffna Shot EPDP is blamed.[97]
Relangi Selvarajah TV announcer; freelance producer 12 August 2005 Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[98]
I. Shanmugalingam Staff Reporter, Eelanaadu & Eelamurasu newspapers 6 November 1989 Jaffna Kidnapped and executed LTTE informed family that they killed him three days later.[citation needed]
Taraki Sivaram Editor, TamilNet 28 April 2005 Colombo District Shot TMVP is blamed.[99]
Subramaniyam Sugirdharajan Correspondent, Sudar Oli 24 January 2006 Trincomalee Shot Unknown gunmen.[100]
Chandrabose Suthaharan Editor, Nilam magazine 16 April 2007 Thirunavatkulam, Vavuniya District Shot Killers reportedly spoke both Sinhala and Tamil.[101]
Chelvy Thiyagarajah Founder, Tholi 1997 Jaffna Kidnapped and executed LTTE is blamed.[102][103]
Lasantha Wickramatunge Editor-in-chief, The Sunday Leader 8 January 2009 Colombo Shot Government was blamed by Wickramatunge in a posthumous editorial.[104]

Academics[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
C. E. Anandarajah Principal, St. John's College, Jaffna 26 June 1985 Jaffna Shot LTTE claimed responsibility and provided reasons in a public notice (he was killed for organizing a game between the students and the Sri Lankan forces).[105]
M. E. Kandasamy Principal, Palugamam Maha Vidyalaya Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Kanapathy Rajadurai Principal, Jaffna Central College 12 October 2006 Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed.[106][107]
Ponniah Selvarajah aka Pon Selvarajah Teacher; Village Officer 3 September 1988 Poonari Madam, Kokkuvil, Jaffna District Shot From Punnalaikkadduvan North, Jaffna[citation needed]
S. Siththamparanathan Principal, Vigneswara Vidyalaya, Trincomalee 31 January 1988 Trincomalee Shot LTTE is blamed by "S. Vasudevan".[33]
Nadarajah Sivakadatcham Principal, Kopay Christian College 11 October 2006 Jaffna Shot EPDP is blamed.[108]
Rajani Thiranagama University teacher; political activist; human rights activist 25 September 1989 Thirunelveli, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed.[109]

Religious figures[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Father Mary Bastian Catholic priest; human rights activist 6 January 1985 Vankalai, Mannar District Shot Sri Lankan security forces are blamed.[110]
Father Thiruchelvam Nihal Jim Brown Catholic priest 2006 Allaippiddi, Jaffna District? Disappeared and found dead Sri Lankan Navy is blamed.[111][112][113][114][114][115][116][117]
Father Chandra Fernando Catholic priest; human rights activist 6 June 1988 Batticaloa Shot EPRLF is blamed.[118][119] PLOTE is blamed by TamilNet.[120]
Venerable Hegoda Sri Indrasara Chief Incumbent (Priest), Vidyananda Maha Pirivena 2 June 1987 Arantalawa, Ampara District Shot/hacked LTTE is blamed.[121][122]
Father George Jeyarajasingham Methodist priest; human rights activist 13 December 1984 Mannar District Shot Sri Lankan Army is blamed.[123]
Father M. X. Karunaratnam North East Secretariat on Human Rights (NESoHR) 20 April 2008 Mannankulam Claymore attack Sri Lankan Army's LRRP is blamed.[124][125]
Venerable Sivashri Kungaraja Kurukkal Hindu priest; Chief Priest, Koneswaram Temple, Trincomalee 21 September 2008 Shot LTTE is blamed.[126]
Venerable Hadungamuwe Nandarathene Chief Incumbent (Priest), Sri Pabbattharamaya Temple, Mahadivulwewa-Stage 1, Morawewa 14 May 2007 Morawewa Shot LTTE is blamed.[127]
Most Venerable Matara Kithalagama Sri Seelalankara Nayaka Thero aka Dimbulagala Hamuduruwo Buddhist priest; Chief Incumbent (Priest), Dimbulagala Temple, Polonnaruwa District 26 May 1995 Dimbulagala Shot LTTE is blamed.[128][129]
Father Nicholas Pillai Pakiaranjith Catholic priest; aid worker 26 September 2007 Kalvilaan, Mannar District Roadside bombing Sri Lankan Army's LRRP is blamed.[130][131][132][133]
Venerable Selliah Parameswaran Kurukkal Hindu priest; Chief Priest, Santhiveli Pilleyar Kovil, Batticaloa 11 February 2007 Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed.[citation needed] Ven. Selliah Parameswaran Kurukkal was the Hindu priest who garlanded and welcomed Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa during his visit to the Vaharai area after it was captured from the Tamil Tigers.[134]
Venerable Bakamune Subaddalanakara Thero Buddhist priest 4 June 1986 Andankulam, Trincomalee District shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[135]

Militants[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Gangai Amaran Deputy Leader, Sea Tigers, LTTE 2001 Akkaraayan Kulam, Kilinochchi District Claymore attack Sri Lankan Army's LRRP.[136][137]
Muthulingam Ganeshkumar
(alias Razeek)
Leader, Razeek Group 29 May 1999 Batticaloa Shot LTTE is blamed by the government.[45]
P. Ganeshmoorthy
(alias Razeek)
Military Leader, EPRLF 29 May 1999 Eravur, Batticaloa District Bomb LTTE is blamed.[138][139]
E. Kousalyan Political wing regional leader, LTTE 7 February 2005 Batticaloa District Ambush TMVP/Karuna is blamed.[21][25] Tamil National Force, a TMVP/ENDLF front, claimed responsibility.
T. Kuhasanthan
(alias Colonel Nizam)
Military Intelligence Wing leader for the East, LTTE 2001 Sri Lankan Army's LRRP is blamed.[136]
G. Mahendraraja
(alias Mahattaya)
LTTE 8 December 1994 Shot LTTE.[140]
Uma Maheswaran Leader, PLOTE 16 July 1989 Colombo Shot ENDLF claimed responsibility.[141] Indian intelligence agency (RAW) involvement is speculated.[141]
Major Mano Head of Eastern Communication, LTTE 2001 Batticaloa Claymore attack Sri Lankan Army's LRRP.[136][142]
Sivaguru Navaratnarajah
(alias Kanthy)
Leader, EPRLF (Razeek Group) 14 September 2005 Batticaloa Grenade attack LTTE is blamed.[143][144]
Sonnyboy Occersz
(alias Rangappa)
Senior member, ENDLF 25 November 2004 Dematagoda, Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[145]
K. Padmanaba
(alias Ranjan)
General Secretary, EPRLF 19 June 1990 Kodambakam, Madras, TN, India Grenade and gun attack LTTE is blamed.[21][23]
V. Prabhakaran Founder and leader, LTTE 18 May 2009 Nanthi Lagoon, Mullaitivu District Gunfire 53 Division, Sri Lankan Army.[146]
Nagalingam Manikkam Rajan (Manickathasan)
(alias Thasan)
Deputy Leader & Military Wing Commander, PLOTE 2 September 1999 Vavuniya Bomb LTTE is blamed.[47][147]
P. Rajaratnam
(alias Mano Master)
General Secretary, ENDLF 21 November 2004? Colombo? LTTE is blamed by ENDLF.[148]
S. Ravishankar
(alias Colonel Charles)
Head of Military Intelligence, LTTE 6 January 2008 Pallamadu, Mannar District Roadside bombing Sri Lankan Army's LRRP.[149]
Sri Sabaratnam Leader, TELO 5 May 1986 Jaffna peninsula Shot Sathasivam Krishnakumar alias Kittu of the LTTE.[23]
S. Sivashankar
(alias Pottu Amman)
Head of Tiger organisation Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS), LTTE 18 May 2009 Mullaitivu District Sri Lankan Army.[citation needed] Body was not found.[150]
V. Sornalingam
(alias Colonel Shankar)
Second in command, LTTE 26 September 2001 Oddusuddan, Mullaitivu District Claymore attack Sri Lankan Army's LRRP.[136][151]
Kandiah Subathiran Thambirajah
(alias Robert)
Jaffna District leader, EPRLF (Varathar wing) 14 June 2003 Jaffna Shot LTTE is blamed.[152]
S. P. Thamilselvan Political leader, LTTE 2 November 2007 Kilinochchi District Air strike Sri Lankan Air Force[153]
Oberoi Thevan Founder and leader, Tamil Eelam Liberation Army (TELA) 14 August 1983 Shot LTTE cardres on the orders of Prabhakaran.[154][155]
Tharmalingam Thevarasa
(alias Ilango)
Military Commander, Vavuniya, PLOTE 2 September 1999 Vavuniya Bomb LTTE is blamed.[47][147]
K. Ulaganathan
(alias Colonel Ramanan)
Military leader, Batticaloa District, LTTE 21 May 2006 Vavunathiv, Batticaloa District Sniper Sri Lankan Army/TMVP.[156][157]
Kandaiah Yogarajah
(alias PLOTE Mohan)
Senior member, PLOTE 31 July 2004 Colombo Shot LTTE is blamed.[158][159]

Others[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Nihal De Silva Author 27 May 2006 Wilpattu National Park Landmine LTTE is blamed.[160]
Chasy Krishnamoorthy Writer; film critic [161]
Maheswary Velautham Lawyer; human rights activist 13 May 2008 Navindil, Jaffna District Shot LTTE is blamed.[162]
Sathasivam Baskaran Distributor for the Tamil newspaper Uthayan from Jaffna, Sri Lanka 15 August 2006 Puthur junction near Atchchuveli Shot

Attempted assassinations[edit]

Heads of state and government[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Chandrika Kumaratunga President of Sri Lanka 18 December 1999 Town Hall, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[163][164][165]

Ministers[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena Minister of Cultural Affairs 11 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]
Ali Ameer Non-Cabinet Minister of Disaster Relief Services 11 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]
Pandu Bandaranaike Non-Cabinet Minister of Religious Affairs 11 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]
Nimal Siripala de Silva Minister of Housing 4 July 1996 Jaffna, Jaffna District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[167]
Douglas Devananda Minister Multiple times Multiple locations LTTE is blamed most of the cases.[168]
A. H. M. Fowzie Minister of Petroleum & Petroleum Resources Development 11 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]
Chandrasiri Gajadeera Non-Cabinet Minister of Home Affairs 11 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]
General Anuruddha Ratwatte Minister of Energy and Deputy Defence Minister 6 December 1998 Oddusuddan, Mullaitivu District Mortar attack LTTE is blamed[169]
Maithripala Sirisena Minister of Agricultural Development & Agrarian Services 8 October 2008 Piliyandala, Colombo District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]
Mahinda Wijesekara Minister of Special Projects 11 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[166]

Public officials[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Gotabhaya Rajapaksa Secretary, Ministry of Defence 1 December 2006 Kollupitiya, Colombo District Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[170]

Military officers[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Lt. General Sarath Fonseka Commander of the Army 25 April 2006 Army Headquarters, Colombo Suicide bombing LTTE is blamed.[171][172]

Diplomats[edit]

Victim Position Date Location Method Perpetrator(s)
Robert O. Blake, Jr. United States Ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives February 2007 SLAF Batticaloa, Batticaloa Mortar attack LTTE is blamed but they deny targeting Blake.[173]
Pio Mariani Italian Ambassador to Sri Lanka February 2007 SLAF Batticaloa, Batticaloa Mortar attack LTTE is blamed but they deny targeting Mariani.[173]
Colonel Bashir Wali Mohammed Pakistani High Commissioner to Sri Lanka 14 August 2006 Kollupitiya, Colombo Bomb LTTE is blamed by the government.[174] Bashir Wali Mohammed has blamed the Research and Analysis Wing, the Indian intelligence agency, for the attack.[174]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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