List of assault rifles

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An assault rifle is a selective fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.[1] Assault rifles are currently the standard service rifles in most modern armies.

By strict definition, a firearm must have the following characteristics to be considered an assault rifle:[2][3][4]

  • It must be an individual weapon;
  • It must be capable of selective fire, which means it has the capacity to switch between semiautomatic and fully automatic fire.
  • It must have an intermediate-power cartridge: more power than a pistol but less than a standard rifle or battle rifle;
  • Its ammunition must be supplied from a detachable box magazine;
  • And it should at least have an effective range of 300 metres (330 yards).
Name Manufacturer Image Cartridge Country Year
AAI SBR AAI Corporation  United States 1970s
AAI XM70 AAI Corporation  United States 1970s
AB-3 Izhmash  Soviet Union 1970
AC-556 Sturm, Ruger & Company 5.56x45mm NATO  United States 1967
Adaptive Combat Rifle Remington Arms
Impulse buy (12721727313).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8 mm Remington SPC
 United States 2006
ADS amphibious rifle KBP Instrument Design Bureau 5.45mm ADS rifle - InnovationDay2013part1-44.jpg 5.45×39mm
5.45mm PSP
 Russia 2007
AEK-971 Degtyarev plant AEK-97110-copy.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1980s
AG-043 AG-043 assault rifle.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1974
AK-9 Izhmash 9×39mm  Russia 2000s
AK-47 Izhmash Автомат Калашников АК-47.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1946
AKM Izhmash
Tula Arms Plant
AKM automatkarbin, Ryssland - 7,62x39mm - Armémuseum.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1950s
AK-74 Izhmash Ak74l.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1974
AK-101 Izhmash Interpolitex 2013 (536-18).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1994
AK-102 Izhmash Interpolitex 2013 (536-18).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1990s
AK-103 Izhmash AK-103 Assault Rifle.JPG 7.62×39mm  Russia 1994
AK-104 Izhmash Izhmash Rifles - AK-103 with GP-34 Grenade Launcher and AK-104.jpg 7.62×39mm  Russia 1994
AK-105 Izhmash AK-105 Avtomat Kalashnikova.jpg 5.45×39mm  Russia 1994
AK-107 Izhmash AK-107 with grenade launcher.jpg 5.45×39mm  Russia 1990s
AK-12 Izhmash AK-12 Engineering technologies international forum - 2012 01.jpg 5.45×39mm
5.56×45mm NATO
6.5mm Grendel
7.62×51mm NATO
12 Gauge
 Russia 2010
Ak 5 Bofors Carl Gustaf BasicAk5.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Sweden 1982
AK-63 Fegyver- és Gépgyár AK 63.jpg 7.62×39mm  Hungary (now known as  Hungary) 1977
AMD-65 Fegyver- és Gépgyár AMD65training.JPG 7.62×39mm  Hungary (now known as  Hungary) 1965
AMP-69 Fegyver- és Gépgyár AMP-69 Right Side.jpg 7.62×39mm  Hungary (now known as  Hungary)
AN-94 Izhmash Prototype of AN-94 assault rifle at Tank Biathlon 2014 02.jpg 5.45×39mm  Russia 1980
AO-27 rifle  Soviet Union 1961
AO-31 5.45×39mm
 Soviet Union 1962
AO-35 assault rifle 5.45×39mm
 Soviet Union
AO-38 assault rifle TsNIITochMash 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1965
AO-62 assault rifle 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1962
APS-95 Končar-Arma d.o.o 5.56×45mm NATO  Yugoslavia (now known as  Croatia) 1972
APS underwater rifle Tula Arms Plant
APS underwater rifle REMOV.jpg 5.66×39mm  Soviet Union 1970s
ArmaLite AR-18 Armalite AR-18.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1963
ASM-DT amphibious rifle Tula Arms Plant ASM-DT podw.svg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1990s
Barrett REC7 Barrett Firearms Manufacturing Barrett REC7 (edited).png 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8 mm Remington SPC
 United States 2007
Beretta AR70/90 Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta 2june 2007 209.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Italy 1985
Beretta ARX 160 Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta Beretta ARX-160, Interpolitex 2012.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8 mm Remington SPC
 Italy 2008
Beretta Rx4 Storm Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
 Italy 2005
BSA 28P Birmingham Small Arms Company .280 British  United Kingdom 1949
CEAM Modèle 1950 Centre d'Etudes et d'Armement de Mulhouse AME1.jpg .30 Carbine
7.92×33mm Kurz
 France 1949
CETME Model L Empresa Nacional Santa Bárbara CETMEL.lateral.der.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Spain 1981
Close Quarters Battle Receiver Colt's Manufacturing Company M4A1-CQBR.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1999
Colt Canada C7 rifle Diemaco Danish AR M95.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Canada 1982
Colt CM901 Colt Defense Colt CM901 7.62.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×51mm NATO
 United States 2010s
ČZ 522 7.62×45mm vz. 52  Czechoslovakia
CZ-805 BREN Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod Cz805.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Czech Republic 2009
ČZ 2000 Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod Cz2000-variants.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Czechoslovakia 1990
Daewoo K2 S&T Motiv Daewoo K2 rifle 1.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  South Korea 1972
Desarrollos Industriales Casanave SC-2005 Desarrollos Industriales Casanave S.A SC-2005A made in Eng Casanave rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
 Peru 2005
Dlugov assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1953
EM-2 rifle Royal Small Arms Factory
Enfield bullpup prototype.jpg 7 mm Mk1Z (7×43mm)  United Kingdom 1950
EMER K1 Myanmar Fritz Werner Industries 5.56×45mm NATO  Burma
FAMAS Nexter FAMAS F1 with bayonet.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  France 1967
FARA 83 Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles Domingo Matheu FARA 83.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Argentina 1981
FN CAL Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal Rifle FN CAL.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1963
FN F2000 Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal Peruvian naval infantrymen carrying F2000 rifles.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1995
FN FNC Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal FNC IMG 1527.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1975
FN SCAR-L Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal FN Scar Light.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 2004
Franchi mod. 641 Luigi Franchi S.p.A. 5.56×45mm NATO  Italy
FX-05 Xiuhcoatl Dirección General de Industria Militar del Ejército Exposición Centenario del Ejército Mexicano 02.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Mexico 2005
Galil ACE Israel Weapons Industries ACE32.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
7.62×39 mm
Grossfuss Sturmgewehr Volkssturmgewehr (Sketch).jpg 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
Heckler & Koch G36 Heckler & Koch Domok g36.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 1990
Heckler & Koch G41 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  West Germany 1984
Heckler & Koch HK33 Heckler & Koch HK33A2 Flickr (yet another finn).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  West Germany 1960s
Heckler & Koch HK36 Heckler & Koch 4.6×36 mm  West Germany 1970s
Heckler & Koch HK416 Heckler & Koch HK416.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 2004
Howa Type 89 Howa Type 89 Assault Rifle JGSDF.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Japan 1989
IMBEL MD2 IMBEL Imbel md2.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Brazil 1983
IMI Galil Israel Military Industries IMI-Galil.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
 Israel 1960s
IMI Tavor TAR-21 Israel Weapon Industries IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel 1991
INSAS rifle[5] Ordnance Factories Board INSAS Rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  India 1998
Interdynamics MKS Interdynamics 5.56×45mm NATO  Sweden 1979
Kbk wz. 1988 Tantal Łucznik Arms Factory Tantal REMOV.jpg 5.45×39mm  Poland 1981
Kbkg wz. 1960 Karabinek-granatnik wz.1960.jpg 7.62×39mm  Poland 1960
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl Łucznik Arms Factory Rifle wz.1996 Beryl.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Poland 1995
L64/65 RSAF Enfield 4.85×49mm  United Kingdom 1964
LSAT rifle (To be announced) LSAT caseless ammunition  United States 2008
L85 BAE Systems SA-80 rifle 1996.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1970s
Leader Dynamics Series T2 MK5 Leader Dynamics
Australian Automatic Arms
Leader t2 rifle.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Australia 1978
LR-300 Z-M Weapons LR 300.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2000
M16 rifle Colt Defense M16a1m16a2m4m16a45wi.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1956
MKEK MPT MKEK MKEK MPT-76.jpeg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
 Turkey 2009
MSBS Radon Łucznik Arms Factory MSBS-5,56.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×51mm NATO
 Poland 2014
Multi Caliber Individual Weapon System Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli DRDO MC Rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
 India 2012
Nesterov assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1961
Norinco CQ Norinco NORINCO Type CQ 5'56x45mm assault rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  China 1980s
OTs-12 assault rifle KBP Instrument Design Bureau OTs-12 Tiss.png 9×39mm  Russia 1990s
Pindad SS1 PT Pindad SS1-V1.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 1991
Pindad SS2 PT Pindad SS2-V1 ID2008.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 2005
Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965 RomArm via Regia Autonomă pentru producţia de Tehnică Militară (RATMIL), Cugir PMmd.1963.jpg 7.62×39mm  Romania (now known as  Romania) 1960s
Pușcă Automată model 1986 RomArm via Regia Autonomă pentru producţia de Tehnică Militară (RATMIL), Cugir PA md.86 with AG-40 grenade launcher.jpg 5.45×39mm  Romania (now known as  Romania) 1986
PVAR Rifle United Defense Manufacturing Corporation 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 2011
QBZ-95 China North Industries Corporation Rifle Type 95.jpg 5.8×42mm DBP87  China 1995
QBZ-03 China North Industries Corporation 5.8×42mm DBP87
5.56×45mm NATO
 China 2003
Remington GPC Remington Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2010
Rk 62 Valmet
7,62 RK 62.JPG 7.62×39mm  Finland 1962
Rk 95 TP SAKO 7,62 RK 95 TP Lippujuhlan päivä 2014 1.JPG 7.62×39mm  Finland 1990
Robinson Armament XCR Robinson Armament Co Xcr cqb.gif 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8 mm Remington SPC
6.5mm Grendel
7.62×51mm NATO
.260 Remington
 United States 2004
Rung Paisarn RPS-001 Rung Paisarn Heavy Industries 5.56×45mm NATO  Thailand 1986
S&T Daewoo K11 S&T motiv Rifle xk11.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  South Korea 2006
Sa vz. 58 Česká zbrojovka Sa 58-JH01.jpg 7.62×39mm M43  Czechoslovakia 1956
SAR-80 Chartered Industries of Singapore (now known as ST Kinetics) SAR 80 rifle.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1976
SAR-21 ST Kinetics SAR 21 RCF module.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1996
SIG SG 516 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft SIG SG 516 14.5″.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
 United States 2000s
SIG SG 530 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1960s
SIG SG 540 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft SG 540 Manurhin.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1970s
SIG SG 550 Swiss Arms AG Stgw 90.jpg 5.6 mm Gw Pat 90   Switzerland 1970s
SOCIMI AR-831 Societa Costruzioni Industriali Milano
Luigi Franchi S.p.A.
5.56×45mm NATO  Italy
Special Operations Assault Rifle Ferfans Specialties 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 2004
SR-3 Vikhr Tula Arms Plant SR-3 right view.jpg 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1990s
SR-47 Evers SR-47.PNG 7.62×39mm  United States
SR 88 Chartered Industries of Singapore (now known as ST Kinetics) 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1978
SS09 SSAM 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 2009
Sterling SAR-87 Sterling Armaments Company 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1980s
Steyr AUG Steyr Mannlicher AUG A1 508mm 04.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
9×19mm Parabellum
 Austria 1970s
Stoner 63 Cadillac Gage Stoner 63.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1962
StG 44 C. G. Haenel Waffen und Fahrradfabrik MP44 - Tyskland - 8x33mm Kurz - Armémuseum.jpg 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1942
StG 45(M) Mauser Sturmgewehr 45 reproduction.png 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
T65 assault rifle 205th Armory TwT65.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 1976
T86 assault rifle 205th Armory Type 86 carbine.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 1992
T91 assault rifle 205th Armory T91 Assault Rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 2002
TKB-072 Tula Arms Plant 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1975
TKB-517 Tula Arms Plant KorobowTKB-517.svg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
Truvelo Raptor Truvelo Armoury 5.56×45mm NATO
 South Africa 2000s
Type 56 assault rifle Norinco Type 56 rifle.jpg 7.62×39mm M43  China 1947
Type 58 assault rifle North korea T58 ATF.jpg 7.62×39mm  North Korea 1958
Type 63 assault rifle Rifle Type 63.jpg 7.62×39mm  China 1968
Type 81 assault rifle Type-81rifle.JPG 7.62×39mm  China 1971
VAHAN (firearm) Vahan2.JPG 5.45×39mm  Armenian SSR (now known as  Armenia) 1952
Valmet M76 Valmet RK 62 76.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
 Finland 1970s
Valmet M82 Valmet 5.56×45mm NATO
 Finland 1978
Vektor CR-21 Denel Vector cr-21.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa 1997
Vektor R4 Denel Land Systems VektorR4.png 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa (now known as  South Africa) 1960s
VHS Assault Rifle HS Produkt VHS 2.jpg 5.56×45mm  Croatia 2005
Wieger StG-940 Wieger STG941 GDR.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
 East Germany 1980s
Wimmersperg Spz-kr 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
XT-97 Assault Rifle 205th Armory Xt97rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO
9×19mm Parabellum
 Republic of China 2008
Zastava M21 Zastava Arms M21A.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia and Montenegro (now known as  Serbia) 2004
Zastava M70 Zastava Arms M70AB2.jpg 7.62×39mm  Yugoslavia (now known as  Serbia) 1959
Zastava M90 Zastava Arms Zastava m77.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia and Montenegro (now known as  Serbia)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ""Assault rifle." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 3 July 2010". Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  2. ^ C. Taylor The fighting rifle – A complete study of the rifle in combat, ISBN 0-87947-308-8
  3. ^ F.A. Moyer Special Forces foreign weapons handbook, ISBN 0-87364-009-8
  4. ^ R.J. Scroggie, F.A. Moyer Special Forces combat firing techniques, ISBN 0-87364-010-1
  5. ^