List of astronauts educated at the United States Military Academy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Buzz Aldrin

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. Eighteen graduates of the Military Academy were eventually selected for astronaut training by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The first alumnus to graduate and go on to become an astronaut was Frank Borman, class of 1950. As of March 2009, the most recent alumnus to become an astronaut was Robert S. Kimbrough, class of 1989. Five alumni were part of Project Gemini, six part of the Apollo program, two have walked on the Moon, and twelve were part of the Space Shuttle program.

Astronauts[edit]

Note: "Class year" refers to the alumni's class year, which usually is the same year they graduated. However, in times of war, classes often graduate early.
Name Class year Notability References
Borman, FrankFrank Borman 1950 Commanded Gemini 7 and Apollo 8; first to orbit Moon and to see far side of the Moon [1][2]
Aldrin, BuzzBuzz Aldrin 1951 Pilot of Gemini 12 and Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 11; 2nd person to walk on the Moon [3][4]
Collins, MichaelMichael Collins 1952 Pilot of Gemini 10 and Command Module Pilot on Apollo 11 [5][6]
White, Edward H.Edward H. White 1952 Pilot of Gemini 4, died in the Apollo 1 fire; first American to perform a spacewalk; buried at West Point [4][7]
Scott, DavidDavid Scott 1954 Pilot of Gemini 8, Command Module Pilot of Apollo 9, and Commander of Apollo 15; walked on the Moon [4][8]
Peterson, Donald H.Donald H. Peterson 1955 Mission Specialist on STS-6 [9][10]
Worden, AlfredAlfred Worden 1955 Command Module Pilot of Apollo 15 [10][11]
Mullane, Richard M.Richard M. Mullane 1967 Mission Specialist on STS-41-D, STS-27, and STS-36 [4][12]
Spring, Sherwood C.Sherwood C. Spring 1967 Mission Specialist on STS-61-B [4][13]
Adamson, James C.James C. Adamson 1969 Mission Specialist on STS-28 and STS-43 [4][14]
McArthur, William S.William S. McArthur 1973 Mission Specialist on STS-58, STS-74, and STS-92; commanded International Space Station Expedition 12 [4][15]
Clifford, Michael R.Michael R. Clifford 1974 Mission Specialist on STS-53, STS-59, and STS-76 [4][16]
Gemar, Charles D.Charles D. Gemar 1979 Mission Specialist on STS-38, STS-48, and STS-62 [10][17]
Forrester, Patrick G.Patrick G. Forrester 1979 Mission Specialist on STS-105, STS-117, and STS-128 [4][18]
Williams, Jeffrey N.Jeffrey N. Williams 1980 Mission Specialist on STS-101; Flight Engineer of ISS Expeditions 13 and 21, Commander of Expedition 22 [4][19]
Wheelock, Douglas H.Douglas H. Wheelock 1983 Mission Specialist on STS-120; Flight Engineer of ISS Expedition 24 and Commander of Expedition 25 [20][21]
Kopra, Timothy L.Timothy L. Kopra 1985 Flight Engineer of International Space Station Expeditions 19 and 20 [4][22]
Kimbrough, Robert S.Robert S. Kimbrough 1989 Mission Specialist on STS-126 [23][24]
Ed White
Alfred Worden
Shane Kimbrough

first= Mark last= Kelly nota=active astronaut, brother to Scott Kelly First=Scott Last=Kelly nota= active astronaut, brother to Mark Kelly

References[edit]

General

^ a: Special Collections: Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy. West Point, NY: United States Military Academy Library. 1950. 

Inline citations
  1. ^ "Frank Borman". National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). December 1993. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  2. ^ Borman, Frank; Serling, Robert J. (October 1988). Countdown: An Autobiography. Silver Arrow. p. 13. ISBN 0-688-07929-6. 
  3. ^ "Buzz Aldrin, Ph.D. (Colonel, USAF, Ret.)". NASA. January 1996. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Astronauts and the BSA". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2006-03-20. 
  5. ^ "Michael Collins (Brigadier General, USAF, Ret.)". NASA. December 1994. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  6. ^ Collins, Michael; Charles Lindbergh (2001). Carrying the Fire: An Astronaut's Journeys. Cooper Square Press. pp. 8–14. ISBN 0-8154-1028-X. 
  7. ^ "Edward H. White, II (Lieutenant Colonel)". NASA. December 1997. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  8. ^ "David R. Scott (Colonel, USAF, Ret.)". NASA. December 1975. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  9. ^ "Donald H. Peterson (Colonel, USAF, Ret.)". NASA. May 1994. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  10. ^ a b c "Graduates and Former Cadets". USMA. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 
  11. ^ "Alfred Merrill Worden". NASA. December 1993. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  12. ^ "Richard M. Mullane (Colonel, USAF, Ret.)". NASA. January 1996. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  13. ^ "Sherwood C. (Woody) Spring (Colonel, USA, Ret.)". NASA. December 1994. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  14. ^ "James C. Adamson (Colonel, U.S. Army, Ret.)". NASA. October 2002. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  15. ^ "William Surles "Bill" McArthur, Jr., (Colonel, USA, Ret.)". NASA. March 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  16. ^ "Michael Richard "Rich" Clifford (Lieutenant Colonel, USA)". NASA. January 1997. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  17. ^ "Charles D. (nickname Sam) Gemar (Lieutenant Colonel, USA)". NASA. March 1997. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  18. ^ "Patrick G. Forrester (Colonel, USA, Ret.)". NASA. July 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  19. ^ "Jeffrey N. Williams (Colonel, USA, Ret.)". NASA. January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  20. ^ "Douglas H. Wheelock (Colonel, USA)". NASA. February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  21. ^ Schwartz, John (2008-07-20). "Murcer’s Jersey Made a Journey to Outer Space". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 
  22. ^ "Timothy L. Kopra (Colonel, USA)". NASA. March 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  23. ^ "Robert S. Kimbrough (Lieutenant Colonel, USA)". NASA. December 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  24. ^ "Tech Alumnus Selected for NASA’s Astronaut Class of 2004". Georgia Institute of Technology. 2004-05-07. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 

External links[edit]