List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Canadian Ian Millar in a 2007 picture. At London 2012 he participated in a record 10th Olympics

A small fraction of the world's population ever competes at the Olympic Games; an even smaller fraction ever competes in multiple Games. 488 athletes (119 women, 369 men) have participated in at least five editions of the Olympic Games from Athens 1896 to Beijing 2008, but excluding the 1906 Intercalated Games. Just over a hundred of these have gone on to make at least a sixth Olympic appearance.

Multiple appearances[edit]

Several athletes would have made more appearances at the Olympics but for reasons out of their control, such as World Wars (no Olympics were held in 1916, 1940 or 1944), politically motivated boycotts, financial difficulties, or ill-timed injuries.

Canadian equestrian athlete Ian Millar has competed at ten Olympic games.[1] Austrian sailor Hubert Raudaschl and Latvian shooter Afanasijs Kuzmins (representing Soviet Union until 1988) have each made nine Olympic appearances.

Well over half of six-time Olympians belong to the shooting, equestrian, sailing and fencing disciplines, which are known for allowing athletes more longevity at the elite level. Athletics and cross-country skiing also provide a large number of athletes who have competed at five Olympics.

Number of athletes who have appeared at multiple Olympics from 1896 to 2010 inclusive
Exact number of Olympic appearances Minimum number of Olympic appearances
5 6 7 8 9 5 6 7 8 9
Men 293 64 9 6 2 369 76 13 8 2
Women 91 23 7 1 0 119 28 5 1 0
Total 384 87 16 6 2 488 104 18 8 2
This table shows the number of athletes who have appeared at exactly (or at least) n Olympic Games between 1896 and 2010, as n varies from 5 to 9. For example, 9 men have appeared at exactly seven Olympics while 13 men have appeared at at least seven Olympics. Appearances at the 1906 Intercalated Games are not included. Winter and Summer Olympics are counted as 'different' Olympics even if they occurred in the same year. While these numbers are believed to be correct, it is possible that one or two athletes have been missed, particularly with five-time Olympians.

Approximately a quarter of long-competing athletes are female. Canoeist Josefa Idem became the first woman to take part in eight Olympics, eventually reaching the final of the K1-500m event at the age of 48.[2] Before her, the closest a female athlete had come to competing at eight Olympics was 0.028 seconds, which was the time by which Jamaican-Slovenian sprinter Merlene Ottey had failed to meet the qualification time required for appearance at the 2008 Summer Olympics, at age 48.

Four six-time Olympians here have participated in Olympic Games over a period of 40 years: Bahaman sailor Durward Knowles (8 Olympics), Danish sailor Paul Elvstrøm (8), Danish fencer Ivan Osiier (7), and Norwegian sailor Magnus Konow (6). Note should also be made of Japanese equestrian Hiroshi Hoketsu, whose first and third Olympic appearances in 1964 and 2012 were 48 years apart. Six-time Olympian Oksana Chusovitina competed in artistic gymnastics at every Olympics from 1992-2012. She continues to compete in her mid 30s in a sport where few competitors continue past their mid-20s or compete at two or three Olympics.

Two five-time Olympians competed under four different flags at the Olympics, one of whom never actually changed nationality. Both shooter Jasna Šekarić (6 Olympics) and table tennis player Ilija Lupulesku (5) competed for Yugoslavia at the 1988 Olympics. In 1992, since Yugoslavia was under UN sanctions, they (and fifty other Serbians, Montenegrins and Macedonians) competed as Independent Olympic Participants before competing at the next Olympics under the flag of Serbia and Montenegro. Lupulesku became an American citizen and competed for the USA in 2004, while Šekarić finally competed for Serbia in 2008.

Thirteen five-time Olympians have won at least eight medals: Italian fencer Edoardo Mangiarotti (13), German kayaker Birgit Fischer (12), American swimmer Dara Torres (12), Norwegian biathlete Ole Einar Bjørndalen (13), Hungarian fencer Aladár Gerevich (10), Finnish gymnast Heikki Savolainen (9), Jamaican-Slovenian sprinter Merlene Ottey (9), German speed skater Claudia Pechstein (9), Romanian rower Elisabeta Oleniuc (8), German equestrian Reiner Klimke (8), Italian fencer Giovanna Trillini (8), Dutch equestrian Anky van Grunsven (8), and Russian diver Dmitri Sautin (8).

About thirty athletes who have competed in at least five Olympics participated in two sports, with nearly half of them competing at both the Winter and Summer Olympics. The most common cross-over sports are biathlon/cross-country skiing (six athletes competed in both), athletics/bobsleigh (five competitors), and cycling/speed skating (five competitors).

Married couples among five-time Olympians include biathletes Ole Einar Bjørndalen (Norway) and Nathalie Santer-Bjørndalen (Italy/Belgium), Lithuanian pairs figure skaters Margarita Drobiazko and Povilas Vanagas, Finnish cross-country skiers Harri Kirvesniemi and Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen, lugers Susi Erdmann (Germany) and Gerhard Plankensteiner (Italy).

Familial relationships among five-time Olympians include Belgian shooters François Lafortune Sr and Jr (father-son; with their brothers/uncles, they have seventeen Olympic appearances between them), Italian equestrians Piero and Raimondo d'Inzeo (brothers), British canoeists Andrew and Stephen Train (brothers), Greek shooters Alexandros and Ioannis Theofilakis (brothers), Italian cross-country skiers Sabina and Fulvio Valbusa (sister-brother), Brazilian equestrians Nelson and Rodrigo Pessoa (father-son), Austrian lugers Markus and Tobias Schiegl (cousins). A more tenuous relationship is that of Argentine sailors Jorge Salas Chávez and Roberto Sieburger; Chávez's cousin Jorge del Río Salas (4 Olympics) married Sieburger's cousin Marylin Sieburger. (The extended Sieburger-Salas clan includes seven Argentinian sailors with twenty Olympic appearances.)

List of athletes with at least six Olympic appearances[edit]

Athletes in bold are believed to be still active i.e. have yet to announce their retirement. Female athletes are displayed with a pink background. Sorting is by number of appearances, date of last appearance, date of birth.

App. Athlete Nation Born/Death Editions Period
(age of first/last)
Sport Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Tot.
10 Ian Millar Canada Canada 1947 1972–1976, 1984–2012 40 years (25/65) Equestrian 0 1 0 1
9 Hubert Raudaschl  Austria 1942 1964-1996 32 years (22/54) Sailing 0 2 0 2
Afanasijs Kuzmins  Soviet Union (3) and  Latvia (6) 1947 1976–1980 and 1988–2012 36 years (29/65) Shooting 1 0 1 2
8 Piero d'Inzeo  Italy 1923/2014 1948–1976 28 years (25/53) Equestrian 0 2 4 6
Raimondo d'Inzeo  Italy 1925/2013 1948–1976 28 years (23/51) Equestrian 1 2 3 6
Durward Knowles Great Britain (1) and  Bahamas (7) 1917 1948–1972 and 1988 40 years (31/71) Sailing 1 0 1 2
Paul Elvstrøm  Denmark 1928 1948–1960, 1968–1972 and 1984–1988 40 years (20/60) Sailing 4 0 0 4
Rajmond Debevec  Yugoslavia (2) and  Slovenia (6) 1963 1984/2012 28 years (21/49) Shooting 1 0 2 3
Josefa Idem Guerrini  West Germany (2) and  Italy (6) 1964 1984/2012 28 years (20/48) Canoeing 1 2 2 5
7 Albert Demtschenko Olympic flag.svg Unified Team (1) and Russia Russia (6) 1971 1992/2014 22 years (19/41) Luge 0 3 0 3
Ivan Osiier  Denmark 1888/1965 1908/1932 and 1948 40 years (20/60) Fencing 0 1 0 1
François Lafortune, Jr  Belgium 1932 1952/1976 24 years (20/44) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Kerstin Palm  Sweden 1946 1964/1988 24 years (18/42) Fencing 0 0 0 0
John Michael Plumb United States USA 1940 1964/1976 and 1984/1992 28 years (24/52) Equestrian 2 4 0 6
Noriaki Kasai  Japan 1972 1992/2014 22 years (19/41) Ski jumping 0 2 1 3
Ragnar Skanåker  Sweden 1934 1972/1996 24 years (38/62) Shooting 1 2 1 4
Seiko Hashimoto Japan Japan 1964 1984/1994 (W), 1988/1996 (S)[3] 12 years (20/32) Speed skating (4) and cycling (3) 0 0 1 1
Merlene Ottey  Jamaica (6) and  Slovenia (1) 1960 1980/2004 24 years (20/44) Athletics 0 3 6 9
Francisco Boza  Peru 1964 1980/2004 24 years (16/40) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Jeannie Longo France France 1958 1984/2008 24 years (26/50) Cycling 1 2 1 4
Andrew Hoy Australia Australia 1959 1984/2004, 2012 28 years (25/53) Equestrian 3 0 1 4
Jörgen Persson  Sweden 1966 1988/2012 24 years (22/46) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Zoran Primorac  Yugoslavia (1) and  Croatia (6) 1969 1988/2012 24 years (19/43) Table tennis 0 1 0 1
Jean-Michel Saive  Belgium 1969 1988/2012 24 years (18/42) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Jasna Šekarić  Yugoslavia (1), Independent Olympic Participants (1), Serbia and Montenegro (3) and  Serbia (2) 1965 1988/2012 24 years (22/46) Shooting 1 3 1 5
Lesley Thompson Canada Canada 1959 1984/2000, 2008/2012 28 years (24/52) Rowing 1 3 1 5
Anky van Grunsven  Netherlands 1968 1988/2012 24 years (20/44) Equestrian 3 5 1 9
6 Magnus Konow  Norway 1887/1972 1908/1920 and 1928/1948 40 years (21/61) Sailing 2 1 0 3
Leander Paes  India 1973 1992-2012 20 years (19/39) Tennis 0 0 1 1
Norman Armitage United States USA 1907/1972 1928/1936, 1948/1956 28 years (21/49) Fencing 0 0 1 1
Aladár Gerevich  Hungary 1910/1991 1932/1960 28 years (22/50) Fencing 7 1 2 10
Janice York Romary United States USA 1927/2007 1948/1968 20 years (19/39) Fencing 0 0 0 0
Lia Manoliu  Romania 1932/1998 1952/1972 20 years (20/40) Athletics 1 0 2 3
Jerzy Pawłowski  Poland 1932/2005 1952/1972 20 years (20/40) Fencing 1 3 1 5
Hans Günter Winkler Germany Germany (3) and  West Germany (3) 1926 1956/1976 20 years (20/40) Equestrian 5 1 1 7
William McMillan United States USA 1929/2000 1956/1976 20 years (27/47) Shooting 1 0 0 1
Adam Smelczyński  Poland 1930 1956/1976 20 years (26/45) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Bill Hoskyns Great Britain 1931/2013 1956/1976 20 years (25/45) Fencing 0 2 0 2
Frank Chapot United States USA 1932 1956/1976 20 years (24/44) Equestrian 0 2 0 2
Carl-Erik Eriksson  Sweden 1930 1964/1984 20 years (34/54) Bobsleigh 0 0 0 0
Jim Elder Canada Canada 1934 1956/60, 1968, 1972/76, 1984 28 years (22/50) Equestrian 1 0 2 3
Hans Fogh  Denmark (4) and Canada Canada (2) 1938 1960/1976 and 1984 24 years (22/46) Sailing 0 1 1 2
Reiner Klimke Germany Germany (2) and  West Germany (4) 1936 1960/1976, 1984/1988 28 years (24/52) Equestrian 6 0 2 8
John Foster, Sr  United States Virgin Islands 1938 1972/1976, 1984/1992 (S), 1998 (W)[3] 20 years (34/54) Sailing (5) and bobsleigh (1) 0 0 0 0
Colin Coates Australia Australia 1946 1968/1988 20 years (18/38) Speed skating 0 0 0 0
John Primrose Canada Canada 1942 1968/1976, 1984/1992 24 years (26/50) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Christilot Hanson-Boylen Canada Canada 1947 1964/1976, 1984 and 1992 28 years (17/45) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Jiří Pták  Czechoslovakia 1946 1968/1980, 1988/1992 24 years (22/46) Rowing 0 0 0 0
Alfred Eder  Austria 1953 1976/1994 18 years (23/41) Biathlon 0 0 0 0
Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen  Finland 1955 1976/1994 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing 3 0 4 7
Hugo Simon  Austria 1942 1972/1976, 1984/1996 24 years (30/53) Equestrian 0 1 0 1
Luis Álvarez de Cervera  Spain 1947 1972/1976, 1984/1996 24 years (25/49) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Eric Swinkels  Netherlands 1949 1972/1976, 1984/1996 24 years (23/47) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Anastasios Bountouris  Greece 1955 1976/1996 20 years (21/41) Sailing 0 0 1 1
Tessa Sanderson Great Britain 1956 1976/1996 20 years (20/40) Athletics 1 0 0 1
Harri Kirvesniemi  Finland 1958 1980/1998 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing 0 0 6 6
Jochen Behle  West Germany (3) and Germany Germany (3) 1960 1980/1998 18 years (19/37) Cross-country skiing 0 0 0 0
Christine Stückelberger   Switzerland 1947 1972/76, 1984/88, 1996/2000 28 years (25/53) Equestrian 1 2 1 4
Jochen Schümann  East Germany (3) and Germany Germany (3) 1954 1976/1980 and 1988/2000 24 years (18/46) Sailing 3 1 0 4
Nonka Matova  Bulgaria 1954 1976/1980 and 1988/2000 24 years (18/46) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Juan Giha, Jr.  Peru 1955 1980/2000 20 years (25/45) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Philippe Boccara France France (4) and United States USA (2) 1959 1980/2000 20 years (21/41) Canoeing 0 0 1 1
Angelo Mazzoni  Italy 1961 1980/2000 20 years (19/39) Fencing 2 0 1 3
Manuel Estiarte  Spain 1961 1980/2000 20 years (19/39) Water polo 1 1 0 2
Terry McHugh  Ireland 1963 1988/2000 (S), 1992, 1998 (W)[3] 12 years (25/37) Athletics (4) and bobsleigh (2) 0 0 0 0
Michael Dixon Great Britain 1962 1984/2002 18 years (22/40) Cross-country skiing (1) and biathlon (5) 0 0 0 0
Raimo Helminen  Finland 1964 1984/2002 18 years (19/37) Ice hockey 0 1 2 3
Markus Prock  Austria 1964 1984/2002 18 years (19/37) Luge 0 2 1 4
Emese Hunyady  Hungary (1) and  Austria (5) 1966 1984/2002 18 years (17/35) Speed skating 1 1 1 3
Harald Stenvaag  Norway 1953 1984/2004 20 years (31/51) Shooting 0 1 1 2
Robert Dover United States USA 1956 1984/2004 20 years (28/48) Equestrian 0 0 4 4
Colin Beashel Australia Australia 1959 1984/2004 20 years (24/44) Sailing 0 0 1 1
Torben Grael  Brazil 1960 1984/2004 20 years (24/44) Sailing 2 1 2 5
Wang Yifu China China 1960 1984/2004 20 years (24/44) Shooting 2 3 1 6
Birgit Fischer  East Germany (2) and Germany Germany (4) 1962 1980 and 1988/2004 24 years (18/42) Canoeing 8 4 0 12
Sorin Babii  Romania 1963 1984/2004 20 years (20/40) Shooting 1 0 1 2
Elisabeta Oleniuc Lipă  Romania 1964 1984/2004 20 years (20/40) Rowing 5 2 1 8
Agathi Kassoumi  Greece 1966 1984/2004 20 years (18/38) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Georg Hackl  West Germany (1) and Germany Germany (5) 1966 1988/2006 18 years (21/39) Luge 3 2 0 5
Anne Abernathy  United States Virgin Islands 1953 1988/2006 18 years (34/52) Luge 0 0 0 0
Sergey Chepikov  Soviet Union (1), Olympic flag.svg Unified Team (1) and Russia Russia (4) 1967 1988/2006 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing (1) and biathlon (5) 2 3 1 6
Gerda Weissensteiner  Italy 1969 1988/2006 18 years (19/37) Luge (4) and bobsleigh (2) 1 0 1 2[4]
Wilfried Huber  Italy 1970 1988/2006 18 years (17/35) Luge 1 0 0 1
Kateřina Neumannová  Czechoslovakia (1) and  Czech Republic (5) 1973 1996 (S),1992/2006 (W)[3] 14 years (18/32) Cross-country skiing (5) and cycling (1) 1 4 1 6
Susan Nattrass Canada Canada 1950 1976/2008 32 years (25/57) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Kyra Kyrklund  Finland 1951 1980/1996 and 2008 28 years (29/57) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Ilario Di Buò  Italy 1956 1984/1996, 2000/2008 24 years (27/51) Archery 0 2 0 2
Mark Todd  New Zealand 1956 1984/1992 and 2000, 2008/2012 28 years (28/56) Equestrian 2 1 3 6
Andrew Nicholson  New Zealand 1961 1984, 1992, 1996, 2004/2012 28 years (23/51) Equestrian 0 1 2 3
Russell Mark  Australia 1964 1988/2000, 2008/2012 24 years (24/48) Shooting 1 1 0 2
Juha Hirvi  Finland 1960 1988/2008 20 years (28/48) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Andrea Benelli  Italy 1960 1988/2008 20 years (28/48) Shooting 1 0 1 2
Jos Lansink  Netherlands (4) and  Belgium (2) 1961 1988/2008 20 years (27/47) Equestrian 1 0 0 1
Ralf Schumann  East Germany (1) and Germany Germany (5) 1962 1988/2008 20 years (26/46) Shooting 3 2 0 5
Tanyu Kiryakov  Bulgaria 1963 1988/2008 20 years (25/45) Shooting 2 0 1 3
Ludger Beerbaum  West Germany (1) and Germany Germany (5) 1963 1988/2008 20 years (25/44) Equestrian 4 0 0 4
Juan Esteban Curuchet  Argentina 1965 1984/1988, 1996/2008 24 years (19/43) Cycling 1 0 0 1
James Tomkins Australia Australia 1965 1988/2008 20 years (23/42) Rowing 3 0 1 4
Fabienne Diato-Pasetti  Monaco 1965 1988/2008 20 years (22/42) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Jüri Jaanson  Soviet Union (1) and  Estonia (5) 1965 1988/2008 20 years (22/42) Rowing 0 2 0 2
Václav Chalupa, Jr.  Czechoslovakia (2) and  Czech Republic (4) 1967 1988/2008 20 years (20/40) Rowing 0 1 0 1
João N'Tyamba  Angola 1968 1988/2008 20 years (20/40) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Nino Salukvadze  Soviet Union (1), Olympic flag.svg Unified Team (1) and  Georgia (4) 1969 1988/2008 20 years (19/39) Shooting 1 1 1 3
Maria Mutola  Mozambique 1972 1988/2008 20 years (15/35) Athletics 1 0 1 2
Ilmārs Bricis  Latvia 1970 1992/2010 18 years (21/39) Biathlon 0 0 0 0
Andrus Veerpalu  Estonia 1971 1992/2010 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing 2 1 0 3
Marco Büchel  Liechtenstein 1971 1992/2010 18 years (20/38) Alpine skiing 0 0 0 0
Anna Orlova  Latvia 1972 1992/2010 18 years (19/37) Luge 0 0 0 0
Evgeniya Radanova  Bulgaria 1977 1994/2010 (W), 2004 (S)[3] 16 years (16/32) Speed skating (5) and cycling (1) 0 2 1 3
Štěpánka Hilgertová  Czechoslovakia (1) and  Czech Republic (5) 1968 1992/2012 20 years (24/44) Canoeing 2 0 0 2
Sergey Martynov  Soviet Union (1) and  Belarus (5) 1968 1988, 1996/2012 22 years (20/42) Shooting 1 0 2 3
Hugo Hoyama  Brazil 1969 1992/2012 20 years (23/43) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Jesús Ángel García  Spain 1969 1992/2012 20 years (22/42) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Dragutin Topić Independent Olympic Participants (1), Serbia and Montenegro (3) and  Serbia (2) 1971 1992/2012 20 years (21/41) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Ekaterina Karsten Olympic flag.svg Unified Team (1) and  Belarus (5) 1972 1992/2012 20 years (20/40) Rowing 2 1 2 5
Segun Toriola  Nigeria 1974 1992/2012 20 years (17/37) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Oksana Chusovitina Olympic flag.svg Unified Team (1),  Uzbekistan (4), and Germany Germany (2) 1975 1992/2012 20 years (17/37) Gymnastics 1 1 0 2
Derya Büyükuncu  Turkey 1976 1992/2012 20 years (16/36) Swimming 0 0 0 0
Hubertus Von Hohenlohe  Mexico 1959 1984/2014 30 years (25/55) Alpine skiing 0 0 0 0
Claudia Pechstein  Germany 1972 1992/2006, 2014 22 years (19/41) Speed skating 5 2 2 9
Sergei Dolidovich  Belarus 1973 1994/2014 20 years (20/40) Cross-country skiing 0 0 0 0
Armin Zöggeler  Italy 1974 1994/2014 20 years (20/40) Luge 2 1 3 6
Ole Einar Bjørndalen  Norway 1974 1994/2014 20 years (20/40) Biathlon 8 4 1 13
Lee Kyou-hyuk  South Korea 1978 1994/2014 20 years (16/36) Speed skating 0 0 0 0

Athletes with at least five Olympic appearances[edit]

488 athletes have competed at at least five Olympic Games (493 if the 1906 Games are counted) between 1896 and 2010 inclusive. They are listed here, grouped by discipline. The columns labelled 'N+' denote the number of athletes who have competed at at least N Olympics. The number of male and female athletes who have competed at at least five Olympics are also listed, in the columns labelled 'M' and 'F'.

Athletes who have competed in more than one sport are counted once per sport.

Discipline 5+ M F 6+ 7+ Athletes
Shooting 82 69 12 22 6 9: Afanasijs Kuzmins, 8: Rajmond Debevec 7: François Lafortune, Jr, Ragnar Skanåker, Francisco Boza, Jasna Šekarić, 6: William McMillan, Adam Smelczyński, John Primrose, Eric Swinkels, Nonka Matova, Juan Giha, Jr., Agathi Kassoumi, Harald Stenvaag, Wang Yifu, Sorin Babii, Susan Nattrass, Juha Hirvi, Andrea Benelli, Ralf Schumann, Fabienne Diato-Pasetti, Nino Salukvadze, 5: Hans Aasnæs, Alister Allan, Jean-Pierre Amat, Gilmour Boa, Gabriele Bühlmann, María del Pilar Fernández, Dencho Denev, Michael Diamond, Hennie Dompeling, Mönkhbayar Dorjsurengiin, Franck Dumoulin, Svetlana Demina, Thomas Farnik, Martin Gison, Jorge González, Mariya Grozdeva, Durval Guimarães, Andrei Inešin, Harald Jensen, Mohamed Khorshed, Tanyu Kiryakov, Boris Kokorev, Szilárd Kun, Jacques Lafortune, Lee Eun-chul, Pentti Linnosvuo, Kanstantsin Lukashyk, Lars Jørgen Madsen, Goran Maksimović, Anton Manolov, Russell Mark, Sergey Martynov, John McNally, Giovanni Pellielo, Stevan Pletikošić, Iulian Raicea, João Rebelo, Firmo Roberti, Ralph Rodríguez, Francisco Romero Arribas, Galliano Rossini, Nicolae Rotaru, Peter Rull, Sr., Ricardo Rusticucci, Juan Seguí, Karni Singh, Randhir Singh, Attila Solti, Alexandros Theophilakis, Ioannis Theofilakis, Guillermo Torres, Torsten Ullman, Eladio Vallduvi, Paul Van Asbroeck, Wolfram Waibel, Sr., Axel Wegner, Tao-Yan Wu, Józef Zapędzki, Kim Rhode
Equestrian 48 41 7 19 4 10: Ian Millar, 8: Piero d'Inzeo, Raimondo d'Inzeo, 7: Michael Plumb, Andrew Hoy 6: Hans Günter Winkler, Frank Chapot, Jim Elder, Reiner Klimke, Christilot Hanson-Boylen, Hugo Simon, Luis Álvarez, Christine Stückelberger, Robert Dover, Kyra Kyrklund, Jos Lansink, Ludger Beerbaum, Mark Todd, Andrew Nicholson, Anky van Grunsven, 5: Alessandro Argenton, David Bárcena Ríos, David Broome, Henrique Callado, Henri Chammartin, Bruce Davidson, Carlos D'Elia, Dominique d'Esmé, Peter Eriksson, Gustav Fischer, Markus Fuchs, Nils Haagensen, Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola, André Jousseaumé, Ivan Kalita, Reiner Klimke, Bengt Ljungquist, Graziano Mancinelli, Rodrigo Pessoa, Nelson Pessoa, Bill Roycroft, Henri Saint Cyr, Nick Skelton, Ian Stark, Bill Steinkraus, Mary Thomson-King, Manuel Torres, John Whitaker, sv:Tinne Wilhelmsson-Silfvén
Athletics 48 26 22 6 1 7: Merlene Ottey, 6: Lia Manoliu, Terry McHugh, Maria Mutola, João N'Tyamba, Tessa Sanderson, Dragutin Topić, 5: Toni Bernadó, Tim Berrett, Sabine Braun, Willie Davenport, Pauline Davis-Thompson, Giovanni De Benedictis, Gail Devers-Roberts, Jackie Edwards, Laverne Eve, Susana Feitor, Olga Fikotová, Jesús Ángel García, Glenroy Gilbert, Vladimir Golubnichy, Nicoleta Grădinaru-Grasu, Max Houben, John Ljunggren, Chris Maddocks, Paul Martin, Fiona May, Pietro Mennea, Mathias Ntawulikura, Alex Oakley, Mary Onyali-Omagbemi, Abdon Pamich, Jefferson Pérez, Fernanda Ribeiro, Sandie Richards, Carlos Sala, Martin Schützenauer, Janusz Sidło, Trine Solberg-Hattestad, Irena Szewińska-Kirszenstein, Igor Ter-Ovanesyan, Urs von Wartburg, Letitia Vriesde, Willye White, Irina Yatchenko, Jan Železný, Branko Zorko, Ellina Zvereva
Sailing 38 36 2 10 3 9: Hubert Raudaschl, 8: Paul Elvstrøm, Durward Knowles, 6: Colin Beashel, Anastasios Bountouris, Hans Fogh, John Foster, Sr, Torben Grael, Magnus Konow, Jochen Schümann, 5: Duarte Manuel Bello, William Berntsen, Reinaldo Conrad, José Luis Doreste, Carlos Espínola, Roland Gäbler, Tore Holm, Nikos Kaklamanakis, Barbara Kendall, Andreas Kosmatopoulos, Willi Kuhweide, Santiago Lange, Jacques Baptiste Lebrun, Fredrik Lööf, Ross MacDonald, Konstantin Melgunov, Mark Neeleman, Tony Philp, Timir Pinegin, João Rodrigues, Jorge Alberto Salas Chávez, Alessandra Sensini, Fyodor Shutkov, Roberto Sieburger, Hans Spitzauer, Agostino Straulino, Peter Tallberg, David Wilkins
Cross-country skiing 33 24 9 8 0 6: Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen, Harri Kirvesniemi, Jochen Behle, Andrus Veerpalu, Michael Dixon, Kateřina Neumannová, Sergey Chepikov, Sergei Dolidovich, 5: Ivan Bátory, Stefania Belmondo, Oddvar Brå, Maurilio De Zolt, Manuela Di Centa, Aleksander Grajf, Juan Jesús Gutiérrez, Markus Hasler, Arturo Kinch, Jaak Mae, Oļegs Maļuhins, Hannu Manninen, Torgny Mogren, Gabriella Paruzzi, Gianfranco Polvara, Alexey Prokurorov, Raisa Smetanina, Kristina Šmigun-Vähi, Alois Stadlober, Athanassios Tsakiris, Sabina Valbusa, Fulvio Valbusa, Giorgio Vanzetta, Yelena Volodina-Antonova
Fencing 31 23 8 8 2 7: Ivan Osiier, Kerstin Palm, 6: Norman Armitage, Aladár Gerevich, Janice Romary, Jerzy Pawłowski, Bill Hoskyns, Angelo Mazzoni, 5: Albie Axelrod, Philippe Cattiau, Arie de Jong, Antonio García, Martin Holt, Ecaterina Iencic-Stahl, Allan Jay, Jenő Kamuti, Pavel Kolobkov, Iván Kovács, Pál Kovács, Jacques Lefèvre, Bengt Ljungquist, Peter Macken, Edoardo Mangiarotti, Robert Montgomerie, Ellen Müller-Preis, Olga Orban-Szabo, Stanislav Pozdnyakov, Ildikó Újlaky-Rejtő, Giovanna Trillini, Joachim Wendt, Peter Westbrook, Ye Chong, Margherita Zalaffi
Rowing 22 14 8 6 1 7:Lesley Thompson 6: Václav Chalupa, Jr., Jüri Jaanson, Elisabeta Oleniuc Lipă, Jiří Pták, James Tomkins, 5: Jack Beresford, Kathrin Boron, Iztok Čop, Rumyana Dzhadzharova-Neykova, Rossano Galtarossa, Elena Georgescu-Nedelcu, Doina Ignat, Pertti Karppinen, Ekaterina Khodatovich-Karsten, Raffaello Leonardo, Yuri Lorentsson, Aleksandr Lukyanov, Mike McKay, Constanţa Pipotă-Burcică, Steven Redgrave, Nico Rienks
Canoeing 21 14 7 4 1 8: Josefa Idem-Guerrini, 6: Philippe Boccara, Birgit Fischer, Štěpánka Hilgertová, 5: Agneta Andersson, Beniamino Bonomi, Grayson Bourne, Caroline Brunet, Ian Ferguson, David Ford, Maria Cristina Giai Pron, Dennis Green, Michal Martikán, Anna Olsson, Ivan Patzaichin, Adrian Powell, Clint Robinson, Antonio Rossi, Michał Śliwiński, Andrew Train, Stephen Train
Luge 19 13 6 7 1 7: Albert Demchenko 6: Georg Hackl, Wilfried Huber, Anna Orlova, Markus Prock, Gerda Weissensteiner, Anne Abernathy, Armin Zöggeler 5: Sergey Danilin, Susi Erdmann, Mark Grimmette, Oswald Haselrieder, Paul Hildgartner, Mária Jasenčáková, Gerhard Plankensteiner, Hansjörg Raffl, Markus Schiegl, Tobias Schiegl, Natalya Yakuchenko,
Biathlon 17 14 3 5 0 6: Alfred Eder, Michael Dixon, Ilmārs Bricis, Sergey Chepikov, Ole Einar Bjørndalen 5: Uschi Disl, Aleksander Grajf, Ludwig Gredler, Ricco Groß, Halvard Hanevold, Martina Jašicová-Halinárová, Oļegs Maļuhins, Janez Ožbolt, Wilfried Pallhuber, Nathalie Santer-Bjørndalen, Tomasz Sikora, Athanassios Tsakiris
Speed skating 15 7 8 4 0 6: Colin Coates, Emese Hunyady, Evgeniya Radanova, Claudia Pechstein 5: Monika Pflug, Edel Therese Høiseth, Clara Hughes, Lee Kyou-hyuk, Christa Luding-Rothenburger, Tomomi Okazaki, Rintje Ritsma, Örjan Sandler, Roberto Sighel, Bart Veldkamp, Chris Witty
Bobsleigh 16 14 2 4 0 6: Carl-Erik Eriksson, John Foster, Sr, Terry McHugh, Gerda Weissensteiner, 5: Jorge Bonnet, Willie Davenport, Susi Erdmann, Glenroy Gilbert, Prince Albert II of Monaco, Max Houben, Jan Kobián, Pierre Lueders, Bruno Mingeon, Bogdan Musiol, Martin Schützenauer, Brian Shimer
Cycling 14 7 7 5 2 7: Seiko Hashimoto, Jeannie Longo, 6: Juan Curuchet, Kateřina Neumannová, Evgeniya Radanova, 5: Roberta Bonanomi, George Hincapie, Clara Hughes, Shane Kelly, Christa Luding-Rothenburger, Stuart O'Grady, Bruno Risi, Franz Stocher, Chris Witty
Alpine skiing 14 12 2 1 0 6: Marco Büchel, 5: Kjetil André Aamodt, Paul Accola, Graham Bell, Martina Ertl-Renz, Kristian Ghedina, Hubertus von Hohenlohe, Hur Seung-Wook, Patrik Järbyn, Arturo Kinch, Lasse Kjus, Fredrik Nyberg, Casey Puckett, María José Rienda
Table tennis 13 10 3 5 3 7: Jörgen Persson, Zoran Primorac, Jean-Michel Saive, 6: Hugo Hoyama, Segun Toriola, 5: Csilla Bátorfi, Patrick Chila, Bose Kaffo, Petr Korbel, Ilija Lupulesku, Jörg Roßkopf, Elke Schall, Jan-Ove Waldner.
Swimming 13 7 6 2 0 6: Derya Büyükuncu,[5] Lars Frölander,[5] 5: Mark Foster, João Gonçalves Filho, Mette Jacobsen, Martina Moravcová, María Peláez, Carl Probert, Paul Radmilovic, Rogério Romero, Alison Sheppard, Dara Torres, Nina Zhivanevskaya
Water polo 8 8 0 1 0 6: Manuel Estiarte, 5: Tibor Benedek, Gianni De Magistris, Chava Gomez, Dezso Gyarmati, Georgios Mavrotas, Jesús Rollán, Chiqui Sans
Archery 8 6 2 1 0 6: Ilario Di Buò, 5: Simon Fairweather, Giancarlo Ferrari, Butch Johnson, Tomi Poikolainen, Natalia Valeeva, Alison Williamson, Hiroshi Yamamoto
Ice hockey 7 7 0 1 0 6: Raimo Helminen, Teemu Selänne 5: Dieter Hegen, Udo Kiessling, Denis Perez, Petter Thoresen, Jere Lehtinen, Kimmo Timonen, Jaromír Jágr
Wrestling 7 7 0 0 0 Cris Brown, Wilfried Dietrich, Khorloogiin Bayanmönkh, Czesław Kwieciński, George MacKenzie, Mario Tovar González, Ryszard Wolny
Judo 5 2 3 0 0 Jorge Bonnet, Driulys González, Mária Pekli, Ryoko Tamura-Tani, Robert Van de Walle
Gymnastics 4 3 1 0 0 6: Oksana Chusovitina, Yordan Yovchev, 5: Heikki Savolainen, Josy Stoffel
Volleyball 4 2 2 0 0 Yevgeniya Artamonova, Fofão, Andrea Giani, Maurício Lima
Nordic combined 4 4 0 0 0 Felix Gottwald, Todd Lodwick, Mario Stecher, Hannu Manninen
Basketball 4 3 1 0 0 Teófilo Cruz, Teresa Edwards, Andrew Gaze, Oscar Schmidt
Ski jumping 3 3 0 0 1 7: Noriaki Kasai, 5: Janne Ahonen, Masahiko Harada
Diving 3 3 0 0 0 Franco Cagnotto, Dmitry Sautin, Niki Stajković
Tennis 3 2 1 0 0 Mark Knowles, 6:Leander Paes, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario.
Weightlifting 3 3 0 0 0 Imre Földi, Ingo Steinhöfel, Ronny Weller
Freestyle skiing 3 2 1 0 0 Janne Lahtela, Casey Puckett, Tae Satoya
Handball 2 1 1 0 0 Andrey Lavrov, Oh Seong-Ok
Figure skating 2 1 1 0 0 Margarita Drobiazko, Povilas Vanagas

Intercalated Games[edit]

The 1906 Intercalated Games are not considered 'official' Olympics, but medals were awarded.

The following athletes have appeared in at least six Olympics if 1906 is included.

Athlete Nation Born/Death Editions Period
(age of 1st/last)
Sport Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Tot.
Alexandros Theofilakis  Greece 1877/? 1896, 1906/12, 1920/24 28 years (19/47) Shooting 0 2 0 2
Ioannis Theofilakis  Greece 1879/? 1896, 1906/12, 1920/24 28 years (17/45) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Adrianus de Jong  Netherlands 1882/1966 1906/12, 1920/28 22 years (23/45) Fencing 0 0 5 5
Paul Radmilovic Great Britain 1886/1968 1906/12, 1920/28 22 years (20/42) Water polo, swimming 4 0 0 4

The following athletes have appeared in at least five Olympics if 1906 is included. Five athletes made five Olympic appearances including the 1906 Games.

Athlete Nation Born/Death Editions Period
(age of 1st/last)
Sport Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Tot.
Ladislav Žemla-Rázný *1887, + 1955, Czech

1906 Athens bronze medal in men double 1920 Antwerpen bronze medal, mix Ms. Skrbkova (1)

(1) Tenis, Encyklopedia,Ivan Lichner a kol., Šport. Bratislava 1983

Tennis
Willem van Blijenburgh  Netherlands 1881–1936 Fencing 0 0 3 3
Edgar Seligman Great Britain 1867–1958 Fencing 0 3 0 3
Jetze Doorman  Netherlands 1881–1931 Fencing
Pentathlon
0 0 4 4
Fernand de Montigny  Belgium 1885–1974 Fencing
Field hockey
0 2 3 5

Dual sport and multi-sport Olympians[edit]

About thirty five-or-more-time Olympians have competed in two or more sports. These athletes are listed below, with the number of times they competed in each sport. Sometimes they competed in two disciplines at the same Games; such instances are noted.

The most common combinations of disciplines are biathlon/cross-country skiing (six athletes competed in both; both sports are winter sports), athletics/bobsleigh (seven competitors; summer and winter sports respectively), and cycling/speed skating (five athletes; summer and winter sports respectively).

Summer and Winter Olympians[edit]

Winter Olympians[edit]

Summer Olympians[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]