List of attack aircraft

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A list of attack aircraft: Attack aircraft are military aircraft whose primary role in attacking targets on the ground with greater precision than strategic bombers. Modern attack aircraft may be expected to function in high threat environments where enemy air defences preclude the use of strategic bombers. The categories naturally overlap depending on how the specific aircraft is used, along with that of fighters or fighter-bombers, which have often been used for the role, particularly when they were uncompetitive as fighters. The use of the term attack is primarily an American term as other countries have described identical aircraft variously as light bombers, army cooperation aircraft, close support aircraft and as reconnaissance aircraft though the last term is often used for aircraft not used for such roles. This list is limited to those fixed-wing aircraft that have been built, and does not include projects, might have beens, and napkinwaffe. Dates after each entry are of first flight.

Before 1930[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
AEG DJ.I  German Empire 1918 1+
AEG J.I  German Empire 1917 609
Airco DH.5  United Kingdom 1916 552
Albatros J.I  German Empire 1917 240
Albatros J.II  German Empire 1918? ?
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas  United Kingdom 1925 478
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8  United Kingdom 1916 1,650
Blackburn Ripon  United Kingdom 1926 92
Boeing GA-1  United States 1920 10
Breguet 19  France 1922 2,700 c.
Bristol F.2 Fighter  United Kingdom 1916 5,329
Curtiss Falcon  United States 1924 488
Douglas XA-2  United States 1926 1
Fairey Fawn  United Kingdom 1923 75
Fokker C.V  Netherlands 1924 955
Halberstadt CL.II  German Empire 1917 900
Halberstadt CL.IV  German Empire 1918? ?
Hannover CL.II  German Empire 1917 439
Hannover CL.III  German Empire 1917 617
Hawker Hart  United Kingdom 1928 1,004
Junkers CL.I  German Empire 1917 51
Junkers J.I  German Empire 1917 227
Kawasaki Army Type 88 Reconnaissance Aircraft  Japan 1927 1,117
Martin BM  United States 1929 35
Mitsubishi B2M  Japan 1929 206
Polikarpov U-2  Soviet Union 1927 25,000 c.
Polikarpov R-5  Soviet Union 1928 7,000 c.
Potez 15  France 1921 687
Potez 25  France 1924 4,000 c.
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8  United Kingdom 1916 4,077
Sopwith Camel  United Kingdom 1916 5,490
Sopwith Camel TF.1 (Trench Fighter)  United Kingdom 1918 1?
Sopwith Salamander  United Kingdom 1918 497
Salmson 4 AB.2  France 1918 12
Vickers Vildebeest  United Kingdom 1928 209
Vought O2U Corsair  United States 1926 580
Westland Wapiti  United Kingdom 1927 585

1930s[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
Aero A.100  Czechoslovakia 1933 44
Aero A.101  Czechoslovakia 1934 50+
Aichi D1A  Japan 1934 590
Aichi D3A  Japan 1938 1,486
Arado Ar 66  Germany 1932 ?
Bell P-39 Airacobra  United States 1938 9,584
Blackburn Shark  United Kingdom 1933 269
Blackburn Skua  United Kingdom 1937 192
Breda Ba.64  Italy 1934 42
Breda Ba.65  Italy 1935 218
Breda Ba.88  Italy 1936 149
Breguet 693  France 1938 230 c.
Brewster SBA/Naval Aircraft Factory SBN  United States 1936 31
Bristol Beaufighter  United Kingdom 1939 5,928
Bristol Beaufort  United Kingdom 1938 2,129
Bristol Blenheim  United Kingdom 1935 4,422
CAC Wirraway  Australia 1937 755
Caproni A.P.1  Italy 1934 ?
Curtiss A-8  United States 1931 13
Curtiss A-12 Shrike  United States 1933 46
Curtiss XA-14  United States 1935 1
Curtiss A-18 Shrike  United States 1937 13
Curtiss SBC Helldiver  United States 1935 257
Douglas A-20 Havoc  United States 1939 7,478
EKW C-36   Switzerland 1939 175
Fairey Albacore  United Kingdom 1938 800
Fairey Battle  United Kingdom 1936 2,185
Fairey Gordon  United Kingdom 1931 186
Fairey Swordfish  United Kingdom 1934 2,391
Fieseler Fi 167  Germany 1938 14
Fokker C.X  Netherlands 1934 ?
Fokker XA-7  United States 1931 1
Great Lakes BG  United States 1933 61
Hawker Audax  United Kingdom 1931 700+
Hawker Hardy  United Kingdom 1934 48
Hawker Hector  United Kingdom 1936 179
Hawker Hurricane  United Kingdom 1935 14,583
Heinkel He 45  Germany 1931 512
Heinkel He 46  Germany 1931 500 c.
Heinkel He 50  Germany 1931 78
Heinkel 51C  Germany 1933 100
Henschel Hs 123  Germany 1935 250 c.
Henschel Hs 129  Germany 1939 865
IAR 37, 38 and 39  Romania 1937 380
Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik  Soviet Union 1939 36,183
Junkers Ju 87  Germany 1935 6,500 c.
Kawasaki Ki-3  Japan 1933 243
Kawasaki Ki-32  Japan 1937 854
Latécoère 298  France 1936 121
Letov Š-328  Czechoslovakia 1933 412
Lockheed Hudson  United States 1938 2,941
Lockheed P-38 Lightning  United States 1939 10,037
Loire-Nieuport LN.401  France 1938 68
Martin 167 Maryland  United States 1939 450
Messerschmitt Bf 110  Germany 1936 6,170
Mitsubishi B5M  Japan 1937 125
Mitsubishi Ki-30  Japan 1937 704
Mitsubishi Ki-51  Japan 1939 2,385
Nakajima B5N  Japan 1937 1,150 c.
Nakajima Ki-4  Japan 1933 516
Neman R-10  Soviet Union 1936 500+
North American NA-44  United States 1938 1
Northrop A-17  United States 1935 411
Northrop BT  United States 1935 55
Northrop Gamma 2C & 2E  United States 1933 52 c.
Petlyakov Pe-2  Soviet Union 1939 11,427
Polikarpov R-Z  Soviet Union 1935 1,031
PZL.23 Karaś  Poland 1934 253
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85  Italy 1936 34
SET 7  Romania 1931 123
Sukhoi Su-2  Soviet Union 1937 910
Tachikawa Ki-36  Japan 1938 1,334
Vickers Vincent  United Kingdom 1932 197
Vought SBU Corsair  United States 1933 125
Vought SB2U Vindicator  United States 1936 260
Vultee V-11, V-12 and A-19  United States 1935 224
Westland Lysander  United Kingdom 1936 1,786
Westland Wallace  United Kingdom 1931 172
Westland Whirlwind  United Kingdom 1938 116
Yokosuka B4Y  Japan 1935 205

1940s, 1950s and 1960s[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
Aermacchi AM.3  Italy 1967 46?
Aermacchi MB-326  Italy 1957 650
Aermacchi SF.260  Italy 1964 860+
Aero L-29 Delfín  Czechoslovakia 1959 3,500
Aero L-39 Albatros  Czechoslovakia 1968 592
Bell P-63 Kingcobra  United States 1942 3,303
Blackburn Buccaneer  United Kingdom 1958 ?
Blackburn Firebrand  United Kingdom 1942 223
Blackburn Firecrest  United Kingdom 1947 3
Breguet Vultur  France 1951 2
CAC Woomera  Australia 1941 2
Canadair CL-41G Tebuan  Canada 1966 20
Cessna A-37 Dragonfly  United States 1963 577
DAR 10  Bulgaria 1941 2
Dassault Étendard IV  France 1958 90
Dassault Super Mystère  France 1955 180
Dassault Mirage F1  France 1966 720+
Dassault Mystère IV  France 1952 411
Dassault Ouragan  France 1949 362
de Havilland Mosquito  United Kingdom 1940 7,781
de Havilland Venom  United Kingdom 1949 1,431
Douglas A-1 Skyraider  United States 1945 3,180
Douglas A-3 Skywarrior  United States 1952 282
Douglas A-4 Skyhawk  United States 1954 2,960
Douglas A-26 Invader  United States 1942 2,452
Douglas AC-47 Spooky  United States 1965 53
Douglas SBD Dauntless  United States 1940 5,936
English Electric Canberra  United Kingdom 1949 949
Fairchild AC-119  United States 1968 52
Fairey Firefly  United Kingdom 1941 1,702
Fiat G.91  Italy 1956 770
FMA IA 58 Pucará  Argentina 1969 150–160
Focke-Wulf Fw190F/G  Germany ? ?
Folland Gnat  United Kingdom 1955 ?
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark  United States 1964 563
Grumman A-6 Intruder  United States 1960 693
Grumman F7F Tigercat  United States 1943 364
Grumman F8F Bearcat  United States 1944 1,265
Grumman F9F Panther  United States 1947 1,382
Grumman OV-1 Mohawk  United States 1959 380
Grumman TBF Avenger  United States 1941 9,839
HAL HF-24 Marut  India 1961 147
Hawker Hunter  United Kingdom 1951 1,972
Hawker Sea Hawk  United Kingdom 1947 542
Hawker Siddeley Harrier  United Kingdom 1967 278
Hawker Typhoon  United Kingdom 1940 3,317
Helio Stallion  United States 1964 20
Hispano HA-200  Spain 1955 212
IAR 81  Romania ? ?
Ilyushin Il-10 & Avia B-33  Soviet Union 1944 6,166
IMAM Ro.57bis  Italy 1942 50-75
Kawasaki Ki-102  Japan 1944 238
Lockheed AC-130  United States 1966 47
Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star  United States 1944 1,715
Malmö MFI-9  Sweden 1958 17
Martin AM Mauler  United States 1944 151
Martin B-26 Marauder  United States 1940 5,288
Martin B-57 Canberra  United States 1953 403
Martin Baltimore  United States 1941 1,575
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19  Soviet Union 1953 2,172
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21  Soviet Union ? ?
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23  Soviet Union 1967 5,047
Nakajima B6N  Japan 1941 1,268
Nanchang Q-5  China 1965 1,300 c.
North American A-2 Savage  United States 1948 143
North American A-5 Vigilante  United States 1958 156
North American A-27  United States 1940 10
North American A-36 Apache  United States 1942 500
North American B-25 Mitchell  United States 1940 9,984
North American FJ-4B Fury  United States 1956 222
North American NA-72  United States 1940 30
North American P-51 Mustang  United States 1940 15,000+
North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco  United States 1965 360
North American T-28 Trojan  United States 1949 1,948
North American T-6 Texan  United States 1940 ?
Northrop F-5  United States 1959 2,246
Pilatus PC-6 Porter   Switzerland 1959 562
Pilatus PC-7   Switzerland 1966 450+
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt  United States 1941 15,660
Republic F-84 Thunderjet  United States 1946 7,524
Republic F-105 Thunderchief  United States 1955 833
Saab 17  Sweden 1940 323
Saab 29 Tunnan  Sweden 1948 661
Saab 32 Lansen  Sweden 1952 450
Saab 37 Viggen  Sweden 1967 329
SEPECAT Jaguar  United Kingdom &  France 1968 543
SIAI-Marchetti SM.1019  Italy 1969 86
Soko 522  Yugoslavia 1955 110 c.
Soko G-2 Galeb  Yugoslavia 1961 248
Soko J-20 Kraguj  Yugoslavia 1962 85
Soko J-21 Jastreb  Yugoslavia 1965 121
Sud Aviation Vautour  France 1952 149
Sukhoi Su-6  Soviet Union 1941 3
Sukhoi Su-7B  Soviet Union 1955 1,847
Sukhoi Su-17/20/22  Soviet Union 1966 2,867
Sukhoi Su-24  Soviet Union 1967 1,400
Tupolev Tu-2  Soviet Union 1941 2,257
Vought A-7 Corsair II  United States 1965 1,569
Vought F4U Corsair  United States 1940 12,571
Vultee Vengeance  United States 1941 1,931
Westland Wyvern  United Kingdom 1946 127
Yokosuka D4Y  Japan 1940 2,038

1970s, 1980s and 1990s[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
Aermacchi MB-339  Italy 1976 213+
Aero L-59 Super Albatros  Czechoslovakia 1986 ?
Aero L-159 Alca  Czech Republic 1997 72
AIDC AT-3  Taiwan 1980 63
AMX International AMX  Italy &  Brazil 1984 200 c.
BAE Hawk 200  United Kingdom ? ?
BAE Harrier II  United Kingdom 1985 143
Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet  United States 1995 500
Chengdu J-10  China 1998 270
Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard  France 1974 85
Dassault Mirage 2000  France 1978 601
Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet  France &  Germany 1973 480
Embraer EMB 312 Tucano  Brazil 1980 664
Eurofighter Typhoon  United Kingdom,  Germany,
 Italy&  Spain
1994 406
Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II  United States 1972 716
FMA IA 63 Pampa  Argentina 1984 27
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon  United States 1974 4,540+
Grumman F-14 Tomcat  United States 1970 712
HAL Ajeet  India 1976 89
IAR-93  Romania 1974 88
IAR 99  Romania 1985 20
Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk  United States 1981 64
Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor  United States 1997 195
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle  United States 1972 ?
McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle  United States 1986 420
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet  United States 1978 1,480
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-27  Soviet Union 1970 1,075
Mikoyan MiG-29K  Soviet Union 1998 45
Mitsubishi F-1  Japan 1975 77
Panavia Tornado  United Kingdom,  Germany &  Italy 1974 774
Saab JAS 39 Gripen  Sweden 1988 247 c.
Saab Supporter  Sweden 1971 462
Soko J-22 Orao  Yugoslavia 1974 ?
Sukhoi Su-25  Soviet Union 1975 1,024
Sukhoi Su-27  Soviet Union 1977 809
Sukhoi Su-30  Soviet Union 1989 509+
Sukhoi Su-34  Soviet Union 1990 50
Xian JH-7  China 1998 240

21st century[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder  China &  Pakistan 2003 50+
Chengdu J-20  China 2011 3
Dassault Rafale  France 1986 130
Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano  Brazil 1999 180+
HAL Tejas  India 2001 14
HESA Azarakhsh  Iran 2001? 6-9
HESA Saeqeh  Iran 2004 8
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II  United States 2006 100
Sukhoi Su-30MKI  Russia 2000 194
Sukhoi Su-35  Russia 2008 34
Sukhoi PAK FA  Russia &  India 2010 5