List of attacks attributed to the LTTE

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The following is a list of chronological attacks attributed to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as the Tamil Tigers.[1][2][3] The attacks include massacres, bombings, robberies, ethnic cleansing, military battles and assassinations of civilian and military targets. The LTTE is a separatist militant group that fought for a separate Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka between 1976 and 2009. The rebel group has been banned by 30 countries, including the United States, Canada, India and the 27 member nations of the European Union.

Notable and deadliest attacks[edit]

Attack Date Location Death toll Sources
1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers 11 June 1990 Eastern Province 600-774 [4][5]
Kattankudy mosque massacre 3 August 1990 Kattankudy, Batticaloa District 147 [6]
Anuradhapura massacre 14 May 1985 Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 146 [7]
Habarana bus massacre 17 April 1987 Habarana, Anuradhapura District 127 [8]
October 1995 Eastern Sri Lanka massacres 16 October 1995 Eastern Province 120
Central Bus Station Bombing 21 April 1987 Pettah, Colombo, Colombo District 116
Palliyagodella massacre 15 October 1991 Palliyagodella, Polonnaruwa District 109 [8][9]
2006 Digampathana bombing 16 October 2006 Digampathaha, Matale District 92–103 [10]
Central Bank bombing 31 January 1996 Colombo, Colombo District 91 [7]
Kebithigollewa massacre 15 June 2006 Kebithigollewa, Anuradhapura District 66 [11]
Dehiwala train bombing (1996) 24 July 1996 Dehiwala, Colombo District 64 [12]
Kent and Dollar Farm massacres 30 November 1984 Mullaitivu District 62 [13]
Lionair Flight 602 29 September 1998 off the cost of Mannar District 55 [14]
Gonagala massacre 18 September 1999 Gonagala, Ampara District 54 [15]
Kallarawa massacre 25 May 1995 Kallarawa, Trincomalee District 42 [16]
Aranthalawa Massacre 2 July 1987 Aranthalawa, Ampara District 35 [17]
Air Lanka Flight 512 3 May 1986 Bandaranaike International Airport, Gampaha District 21 [18]
1998 Temple of the Tooth attack 25 January 1998 Temple of the Tooth, Kandy 17 [7][19][20]
Kokilai massacre 1 December 1984 Kokilai, Mullaitivu District 11
Gomarankadawala massacre 23 April 2006 Gomarankadawala, Trincomalee District 6 [21]
2009 suicide air raid on Colombo 20 February 2009 Colombo, Colombo District 2 [22]

Attacks by decade[edit]

Below are the deadiest attacks for each decade.

1970s[edit]

1979
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
S. A. Emmanuel of Chankanai, Thaadi Thangarajah of Kondavil, A. Krishnagol of Velvettiturai, T. Poopalasingham of Chunnakam and A. Sivarajah of Thondamannar are executed by the LTTE for providing evidence against them to the police. Jaffna District 5 5 [23]
PC Gnanasambandan, PC Sivanesan, Inspector Guruswamy, S. Swarnarajah and his wife are executed by the LTTE. Jaffna District 5 5 [23]

1980s[edit]

1985
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
14 May Anuradhapura massacre: LTTE gunmen shoot dead 146 Sinhalese civilians and injure 85 others as they were praying at Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred Buddhist shrine in Anuradhapura. Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 146 146 [24]

1990s[edit]

1990
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
11 June 1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers: Over 600 unarmed police officers are shot dead by the LTTE in Police Stations across eastern Sri Lanka Eastern Province 600-774 600-774 [4][5][25]

2000s[edit]

2006
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
16 October 2006 Digampathana bombing: A suicide bomber in a truck kills 103 Sri Lanka Navy sailors on buses going or returning from leave at a transit point and wounds over 150 other sailors. Several civilians may also have died. Digampathana, North Central Province 103 103 [26]

Attacks by type[edit]

Suicide bombings[edit]

Assassinations[edit]

Massacres[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gunaratna, Rohan (2001-11-03). "Intelligence failures exposed by Tamil Tiger airport attack". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  2. ^ "Consular Information Sheet - Sri Lanka". Bureau of Consular Affairs (U.S. Department of State). 2007-04-11. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  3. ^ Audrey Kurth Cronin, Huda Aden, Adam Frost, and Benjamin Jones (2004-02-06). "CRS Report for Congress, Foreign Terrorist Organizations" (PDF). Bureau of Consular Affairs (The Library of Congress). Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Recalling the saddest day in Lankan Police history". Lanka Newspapers. Lanka Newspapers. 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Killing of 774 policemen". Rivira. Rivira. 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  6. ^ Xinhua, 147 Muslims Massacred by Tamil "Tigers" in Sri Lanka, Colombo, August 4, 1990
  7. ^ a b c "Timeline of the Tamil conflict". BBC News. 2000-09-04. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  8. ^ a b Letter sent by the Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the Centre for Human Rights, Government of Sri Lanka, 9 August 1994
  9. ^ "1987: THE BUBBLE BURSTS, Chapter 6.". UTHR(J). Retrieved 2001-01-01.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  10. ^ Luthra, Dumeetha (2006-10-16). "Analysis: Sri Lanka military setbacks". BBC. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  11. ^ "Military 'killed Lanka aid staff'". BBC News. August 30, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-30. 
  12. ^ "Tamil Arrested in Sri Lanka Train Bombing". The New York Times. 1996-09-04. 
  13. ^ "LTTE genocide at Kent and Dollar Farms" (PDF). Daily News. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  14. ^ Criminal Occurrence description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  15. ^ Kamalendra, Chris (19 September 1999). "Pre-dawn horror in Ampara: 54 killed as LTTE unleashed terror on villagers". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  16. ^ Kamalendran, Chris (4 October 1998). "Lighting a candle in the storm". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  17. ^ "LTTE's gun culture continues". The Sunday Observer. 2007-06-03. Retrieved 2007-06-06. 
  18. ^ "1986: Bomb kills 21 in Sri Lanka". BBC. 3 May 1986. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  19. ^ "Religious ceremonies to commemorate the LTTE attack on Temple of tooth in Sri Lanka". Colombo Page (Sri Lanka). 25 January 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  20. ^ Nubin, Walter (2003). Sri Lanka: Current Issues and Historical Background. New York: Nova Publishers. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-59033-573-4. 
  21. ^ Gunananda, A.T.M. (30 April 2006). "Gomarankadawala: "We need more security say villagers". The Sundat Times. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  22. ^ Hodge, Amanda (2009-09-22). "Kamikaze raid shows the Tamil Tigers have not been tamed". The Australian. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  23. ^ a b Pathak, Saroj (January 2005). War Or Peace in Sri Lanka. Popular Prakshan. ISBN 978-81-7991-199-0. 
  24. ^ "Timeline of the Tamil conflict". BBC News. 2000-09-04. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  25. ^ "Sri Lanka Human Rights Practices, 1995". US State Department (US State Department). March 1996, 2000.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  26. ^ USA Today: Fighter jets pound suspected rebel camp after suicide bombing kills 95 sailors, October 17, 2006