List of entertainment affected by the September 11 attacks

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The September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001 had an important impact on broadcast and venue entertainment businesses, prompting cancellations, postponements, and changes in content. In the United States and United Kingdom, planned television screenings of films and fictional programs where terrorism, plane crashes, bombs, or other related disaster were the primary subject were postponed or canceled.

Movies[edit]

Numerous movies were cancelled that were in production, and many movies were edited. The most common way of editing was to delete or obscure shots of the World Trade Center. There were various reasons given for the alterations, including keeping material up-to-date, as a gesture of respect for those who died, and to avoid trauma for those emotionally affected by the attack. There are also many movies which notably did not edit their films.

In all, roughly 45 films were edited or postponed because of the 9/11 attacks.[1]

Edited movies[edit]

With the World Trade Center removed[edit]

  • Trailers for the movie Spider-Man were edited so a scene (not in the movie) showing Spider-Man capturing a helicopter between the towers was deleted. In the actual movie, a shot of the World Trade Center was deleted. The scene of Spider-Man hanging onto a flagpole with a large American flag, seen in later trailers and at the end of the film, was added in response to the attacks.
  • In the movie Zoolander, the WTC was digitally deleted. Coincidentally, a trailer for Zoolander was rolling and was cut into when the first report of the plane crash came up.[2][dead link]
  • The WTC was removed from the poster for Sidewalks of New York, though the buildings were kept in the film.[3]
  • Shots of the WTC in Serendipity were digitally removed.
  • In the 2002 movie Spy Game, the level of smoke shown following a bombing was reduced because of its similarity to the smoking WTC wreckage.[4]
  • The 2002 film Men in Black II featured a climax that included the World Trade Center. The building was changed to the Statue of Liberty.[2][dead link]
  • A scene in The Time Machine, in which debris from the moon crashes into the towers, had to be cut.
  • Shots of the WTC in Kissing Jessica Stein were removed before its release.[2][dead link]
  • The ending to the 2002 animated movie Lilo and Stitch was edited from Stitch taking a 747 on a joyride and swerving around buildings, to Stitch taking a spaceship on a joyride and swerving around mountains. The original ending was included on the special edition DVD.
  • The 2002 film The Bourne Identity had to be extensively edited due to the involvement of terrorism in the storyline. On the special edition DVD are descriptions of how and why the movie was changed.
  • Scenes of the WTC were removed from People I Know.[5]
  • Early versions of the 2004 film The Incredibles featured a scene where a frustrated Mr. Incredible vents his emotions on an abandoned building, but ends up accidentally damaging a neighboring building as well. This was considered too reminiscent of the World Trade Center collapse, and was replaced with a scene where Mr. Incredible and Frozone rescue trapped civilians from a burning building.

With the World Trade Center added[edit]

Some filmmakers have added the World Trade Center to films and television series that are set during periods when the buildings were still standing.

  • The 2002 TV movie It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie features the twin towers in an alternate reality where an angel shows Kermit the Frog what the world would be like had he never been born.
  • The 2003 American miniseries Angels in America, set in 1985, had the WTC towers digitally re-inserted for historical accuracy.
  • The 2004 film Miracle, set in 1980, has a digital World Trade Center on the New York skyline.[6]
  • The 2005 film Munich, set in 1973, features a computer-generated World Trade Center.
  • The 2005 film Rent, set in 1989 and 1990, includes a shot of the World Trade Center.
  • World Trade Center and United 93 (2006) take place on the day of the attacks and feature the buildings.
  • Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (2008) contains a segment when the animals arrive in New York City, and the original World Trade Center twin towers are seen in the distance.
  • The 2008 film The Wackness concludes with a scene depicting the Twin Towers in 1994.
  • The 2009 film Watchmen, which takes place in the mid-1980s, features the twin towers in several of the scenes. Ironically the towers are depicted as two of the only buildings still standing after a scene featuring the destruction of New York City.
  • The 2010 film Remember Me, which has an ending that takes place on September 11, 2001, shows digitally re-built World Trade Center towers in the last scene of the movie.
  • The episode "Adrift" from the ABC series Lost added the World Trade Center in the second airing of the episode in order to establish the timeframe of the flashback.
  • The ABC series Life On Mars, with a storyline that took place in 1973, showed a digitally inserted World Trade Center in several episodes.
  • The Fox series Fringe depicted an intact World Trade Center in a parallel universe. The buildings were revealed in the finale of season one. Season two explains that in the parallel universe, the 9/11 attacks resulted in damage to the White House instead of the towers.

Delayed movies[edit]

  • The release of View from the Top was originally scheduled for Christmas 2001, but due to the fact that the story revolves around a flight attendant on several planes, the release was pushed back to March 21, 2003.
  • The release of Arnold Schwarzenegger's Collateral Damage was postponed for four months. The movie featured a terrorist bombing in front of an L.A. building.[7]
  • The 2002 version of The Time Machine was held back three months because of a scene where a meteor shower destroys New York. This scene was also removed.[8]
  • The film Big Trouble was postponed seven months because it involved a nuclear bomb being smuggled on board an aircraft.[7]
  • The 2002 action-comedy film Bad Company had its release date pushed back several months because the plot involved a criminal mastermind planning to detonate a bomb in the Grand Central terminal.

Cancelled movies[edit]

  • A Jackie Chan movie called Nosebleed, about a window washer on the WTC who foils a terrorist plot, was said to have been cancelled due to the attacks, but the veracity of the claim has been questioned.[9]

Non-altered movies[edit]

Some movies kept scenes of the World Trade Center in them.

  • In Vanilla Sky, producers wanted director Cameron Crowe to remove shots of the WTC.[10] He did not, and they remain in the movie.
  • In Donnie Darko, which was released a month after the attacks, parts of a plane fall from the sky. It's suggested that the darker themes of the movie were responsible for its poor box office,[11] but it nonetheless went on to become a cult classic in the years following.
  • In A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, released less than three months before the attacks, a scene set thousands of years in the future prominently featuring a badly damaged World Trade Center (albeit half submerged in water), was not edited for its video release.
  • The film Corky Romano did not have the World Trade Center removed despite being released in October 2001.
  • Both Changing Lanes and World Traveler retained the buildings.[2][dead link]

Internet[edit]

Most mainstream news sites were deluged with traffic on September 11th as users sought out information on the attacks. As a result many sites had to radically alter their layouts. Partly this was done to provide the most efficient means to inform the reader. Emphasis was placed on showing the chronology of the attacks, list statements by President George W. Bush and others, and to give updates to federal closers and responses. All other news stories and sections that once appeared on the sites were temporarily removed as they were irrelevant and most likely not wanted by the reader given the gravity of the 9/11 story. These changes may also have been done to reduce the bandwidth needed to load a page. CNN.com and MSNBC.com all but removed the photos, video, or audio features once heavily featured as a means to cope with the extreme traffic demands placed on their servers. Ads were also largely removed out of respect of the attacks and as a further means to reduce bandwidth demands.

Over time the news sites returned to a state of normality, but most would go on to feature stories on the attacks and on the resulting War on Terror in sidebars or boxes.

Television[edit]

News coverage[edit]

Television coverage of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and their aftermath was the longest uninterrupted news event in the history of U.S. television. The major U.S. broadcast and cable networks were on the air for days with uninterrupted coverage from the moment news first came that the first plane hit the World Trade Center. Millions of shocked television viewers watching live pictures of the World Trade Center saw the second plane hit and both buildings come down. In order to keep up with the constant flood of information, at 10:49 a.m. EDT (14:49 UTC), Fox News Channel began running continuous updates in the form of a news ticker that crawled along the bottom of the screen. This was so well received by viewers that it became a permanent feature on the channel and was adopted by many other news channels.

During the day of the attacks, and in the days following, news broadcasters scrambled to report accurate information. Occasionally erroneous information was broadcast. An examination of CNN's coverage of September 11, 2001 (which was replayed online, virtually in its entirety, on the fifth anniversary of the attacks on September 11, 2006) reveals that following the attack on the Pentagon, CNN also reported a fire had broken out on the National Mall and that according to a wire report, a car bomb had exploded in front of the State Department. It also broadcast an interview with a witness to the Pentagon attack who said it was a helicopter that hit the building, not a plane. CNN was not alone in airing these or similar inaccurate reports, as subsequent examination of coverage by other networks has shown.

For the first time since the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the television networks announced that there would be no commercials or entertainment programs for an indefinite time several hours after the attacks, because of the feelings of a shocked nation. It was also felt that it was not a time for "fun and entertainment" when so much death and destruction was being seen live on television. The coverage lasted for 90 continuous hours.[12]

Reaction of various networks[edit]

Use of pictures[edit]

When asked for her thoughts on the attacks, First Lady Laura Bush stated that "we need to be very careful about our children". She warned parents not to let their children see the frightening images of destruction over and over, recommending that parents turn off the television and do something constructive, reassuring and calming with their kids.[13] She gave the very strong warning based on how children reacted to the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995.[citation needed] TV networks stopped airing the footage for the most part within a month of the attacks; one news executive[who?] told Us magazine that such showings had become more sensational than relevant.

Long-term television and radio transmitter damage[edit]

The transmitter facilities of WPIX as well as six other New York City television stations and several radio stations were destroyed as the WTC collapsed. WPIX's satellite feed froze on the last image received from the WTC mast; the image remained on the screen for much of the day, broadcasting continent-wide, until WPIX was able to set up alternate transmission facilities. Adequate analog broadcast transmissions resumed several weeks later.

Programming[edit]

The most immediate impact to television was the loss of David Angell, a co-creator and co-executive producer from the NBC show Frasier, who was among the passengers on American Airlines Flight 11.

In the United States, the start of the 2001-2002 television season was put on hold due to the extensive news coverage (several series, such as NBC's Crossing Jordan, were originally scheduled to debut on September 11), with mid-September premieres delayed until later in the month. Late night talk shows such as The Tonight Show and Late Show with David Letterman were also off the air. Even after regular programming resumed, several talk shows remained off the air for several more days as writers and hosts determined how best to approach the sensitive situation. David Letterman was quoted on CNN as questioning whether he would even continue hosting his show. Ultimately, Letterman, Jay Leno, Jon Stewart, and other talk show hosts based in New York and Los Angeles returned to the airwaves with emotional initial broadcasts, with Letterman breaking network language guidelines by asking his audience how the attacks "made any goddamn sense."

Several TV series, most notably The West Wing and Third Watch, produced special episodes addressing the attacks. Law & Order began its fall season premiere with a tribute to the victims. Shows such as the military based JAG and Third Watch (a series about New York City first responders) made major changes to their ongoing storylines in order to incorporate the event's aftermath.

On Politically Incorrect's September 17, 2001 show, Maher's guest Dinesh D'Souza disputed President Bush's label of the terrorists being "cowards", saying the terrorists were warriors.[14] Maher agreed, and according to a transcript replied "We have been the cowards, lobbing cruise missiles from 2,000 miles away. That's cowardly. Staying in the airplane when it hits the building, say what you want about it, it's not cowardly".[14] The show was canceled the following June, which Maher and many others saw as a result of the controversy, although ABC denied that the controversy was a factor, and said the program was canceled due to declining ratings.[15][16][17] Maher said that the show struggled for advertisers in its final months.[18]

Delayed entertainment awards shows[edit]

  • The 53rd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards, scheduled for September 16, 2001, were delayed to October 7. However, the U.S. began to bomb Afghanistan on October 7, and the Emmy Awards were again postponed. They finally aired on November 4, with a somewhat somber atmosphere after surviving rumors of cancellation. Due to the delay, the event was relocated from the originally scheduled Shrine Auditorium venue to the smaller Shubert Theatre.
  • The 2nd annual Latin Grammy Awards, scheduled for September 11, never aired. The awards were presented in an October 30, 2001, press conference. Some of the winners were acknowledged at the 44th Grammy Awards. Furthermore, the attacks influenced the NARAS to hold the 2003 ceremony in New York as part of the "healing process".

The postponements and cancellations of various entertainment programs sparked rumors that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences were postponing or even canceling the 74th Academy Awards ceremony. However, in a written statement released by president Frank Pierson, he denied any rumors that the attacks would affect the scheduling of the awards presentation saying that "the terrorists will have won" if they canceled it. Nevertheless, the show went on as planned on March 24, 2002. The security was much tighter than in previous years, and the show had a more somber tone. According to New York Magazine, there were 26 references to the attacks during the telecast.[19] On October 16, 2006, the awards event itself was designated a National Special Security Event by the United States Department of Homeland Security.

Reflecting the significant and enduring impact of September 11th on popular culture, months and years after the attacks, events were still impacted, with Blockbuster Entertainment cancelling its Spring 2002 Awards Show and the 2003 Grammy Awards being held at Madison Square Garden instead of Staples Center as planned.

Other changes[edit]

  • The The X-Files and its spin off The Lone Gunmen were cancelled (with both shows ending in 2002) because the pilot episode of The Lone Gunmen, created six months before 9/11, shows a false flag terrorist attack carried out by Americans: an airliner is hijacked and flown via remote control, narrowly missing the World Trade Center. The hijacking was committed by a greedy American arms manufacturer intending to increase its weapons sales by misleading the United States to attack an anti-American extremist dictator.[20][21]
  • On the TV series Friends, in episode 8x03 ("The One Where Rachel Tells..."), Chandler and Monica could not get on their flight for their honeymoon because Chandler joked about bombing in the airport. After the attacks, the story was rewritten and re-shot.[22]
  • New material was quickly added to Sesame Street following the attacks addressing issues raised. The first episode of the season involved a grease fire at Hooper's Store which traumatized Elmo until he meets some real life firefighters. Big Bird has to deal with his pen pal Gulliver, who does not believe birds should be friendly to other species.[23]
  • Before 9/11, the syndicated version of the Married... with Children episode "Get Outta Dodge"[24] featured a scene of two Arabs with a ticking bomb at the front door of Al Bundy's house offering to buy his Dodge for $40 and asking for directions to the Sears Tower. The scene was cut from the syndicated re-airings of the episode after 9/11. The episode is intact on DVD releases.
  • The television show Law and Order: Special Victims Unit had removed the World Trade Center from their opening theme for every new episode aired after 9/11.
  • An episode of The Simpsons entitled "The City of New York vs. Homer Simpson", which was partially set at the World Trade Center, was pulled from syndication by some carriers, though many are now showing it again.[25] Some individual carriers have removed World Trade Center scenes on their own, while the distributor of The Simpsons still releases the episode in full for syndication.
  • An episode of Jay Jay The Jet Plane that depicted a plane crash was canceled.[26]
  • Power Rangers Time Force had a number of changes:
    • The episode "Ransik Lives" was edited to remove Ransik's television broadcast due to its similarity to Osama bin Laden's speeches.
    • The show's opening titles were altered to remove a shot of the "Time Shadow Megazord" standing on top of two towers.
    • Some of the show's building destruction sequences were removed from select episodes following the attacks, as they were very similar to the World Trade Center collapse.
  • Two episodes of Pokémon were temporarily taken off the air:
    • The episode "Tentacool and Tentacruel ", due to scenes where a giant Tentacruel destroys a town called Porta Vista. Interestingly, a scene of the giant Tentacruel smashing a skyscraper was never removed from the opening credits of the first season, though it seems likely it was because that the season had already ended and the anime had already advanced by more than three seasons.
    • The other is "The Tower of Terror", and episode where Ash, Misty, and Brock was in Lavender Town in order to catch a Ghost-type Pokémon so that Ash would have an advantage over Saffron City's Gym Leader, Sabrina, who uses Psychic-typ Pokémon.. While no explanation has been given, it most likely has something to do with the name.
  • An episode of Mobile Suit Gundam was skipped on September 11 but the next one lined up aired the next day. After that, Cartoon Network and other TV stations began taking off and editing war themed content, including Mobile Suit Gundam. However the final episode aired on New Year's Eve that same year and the rest of the series aired in reruns in 2002. Cartoon took an episode of Cowboy Bebop that dealt with terrorist bombings ("Cowboy Funk") out of the Adult Swim lineup for nearly a year afterwards.
  • The 2001 HBO comedy special, Complaints and Grievances, had the working title of I Kinda Like It When A Lot Of People Die, but was renamed after the events of 9/11.
  • The airing of the third season of Survivor was delayed and the planned location of the fourth season was changed.
  • The "Door To Door" episode of Invader Zim was delayed from airing in the United States and edited to remove some scenes of a burning city post Irken invasion. The unedited version of the episode was aired in Australia, while only the edited version has been released on DVD. There were various other edits and changes made to the series after 9/11, like changing the colors of explosions.
    • Also; an alternate ending of an episode of the show Invader Zim was taken off since it featured a scene where all of New York is destroyed. Nickelodeon acted quickly and changed the ending.
  • Jeopardy!'s episodes that were intended to air from September 11th to the 14th were not aired until GSN aired them in 2005.
  • Additionally, Jeopardy!'s sister show, Wheel of Fortune's episodes from the same time frame were not shown either. Neither show's episodes that were intended to air during that time were rerun in either the summer of 2002 or on weekends during 2002-03, but the contestants on the affected episodes of both shows did receive their winnings.
  • Episode 2 of the first season of The Amazing Race was not aired on the evening of September 12 as scheduled. The rest of the series after the first episode a week before was delayed one week.
  • The NBC reality series Lost ended up with a truncated run as the second episode of the show was to air on the night of the 11th and subsequently edited down from six to five episodes airing in December 2001, with copious editing done due to the show's finish line being shot at a pre-attacked Statue of Liberty. The program subsequently was canceled.
  • The first airing of the anime Full Metal Panic! was delayed because the first episode involved a terrorist hijacking a plane.
  • The anime series, Transformers: Robots in Disguise was heavily affected by the attacks, and many of its episodes were held back, re-edited, removed from re-run schedules, aired late or didn't air at all in the USA. The entire run of episodes was aired on Fox Kids in the UK. These episodes are:
    • "Battle Protocol" was never re-aired in the U.S. after its premiere due to a scene of Megatron smashing through a skyscraper in claw mode.
    • "Secret of the Ruins" opening scene featured buildings being destroyed and a reference to terrorism, and the episode was held back to be redubbed. The scene in question was recreated using footage from "Battle Protocol!". Eventually, the episode aired between "Ultra Magnus" and "Ultra Magnus: Forced Fusion". It is the episode in which Doctor Onishi's microchip is introduced, so its removal left something of a hole in the series. The original version of the episode has never been broadcast, and for international syndication, only the altered redubbed version was used.
    • "Attack From Outer Space", "Landfill" and "Sky-Byte Saves the Day" did not air in the US. "Attack" would go on to air in Canada, and all three would subsequently air in the UK. All three episodes feature buildings being destroyed, and the plot of "Sky-Byte Rampage" revolves around stopping a tower from falling over. However, this is the first episode to put focus on the O-Parts, and its removal from the line up disrupted the continuity of the show.
    • "Spy Changers To The Rescue": There were 2 versions of this episode aired before and after 9/11. The pre-9/11 episode contained references to the generator possibly exploding and a scene with Prowl's jet-claw. The post 9/11 episode had the jet-claw edited out and the possibilities of "explosions" were changed to possibilities of "circuit corrosion" along with other minor dialogue changes.

Music[edit]

  • XM Radio, a subscription-based satellite radio service headquartered in Washington, D.C., was scheduled to launch on September 12, 2001. As a direct result of the attacks, the launch was delayed until September 25, when the service debuted on a limited basis in San Diego, CA and Dallas, TX.[citation needed]
  • Program directors from a number of radio stations throughout the US retooled their playlists in response to the attacks. Common changes included the heavy rotation of songs such as "God Bless the USA" by Lee Greenwood and Whitney Houston's rendition of "The Star-Spangled Banner". Meanwhile, songs such as U2's "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and Dave Matthews Band's "Crash Into Me" were commonly deleted. Additionally, Clear Channel came under scrutiny for distributing a list of 150 potentially sensitive songs that were not recommended for broadcast immediately after the attacks.[27]
  • German heavy metal band Rammstein was to debut their video for the song "Ich Will" which depicted scenes of one band member dressed as a suicide bomber. After the attacks, the video was removed from television airplay before it premiered.
  • Christian metal band P.O.D. released their album Satellite that day which spiked the record sales for the album because of its uplifting message. Their single Alive (P.O.D. song) became the anthem of the year.
  • New Zealand rock band Shihad changed their name to Pacifier in response to American audiences comparing "Shihad" with "Jihad." They have since resumed using their original name.
  • According to Arrogant Worms band member Trevor Strong, the song "Worst Seat on the Plane" was never performed live due to Idiot Road, the album it was featured on, being released on September 18, 2001, one week after the terrorist attacks.[28]
  • American alternative rock band Jimmy Eat World voluntarily changed the name of their now platinum certified fourth studio release Bleed American, which was released on July 18, 2001, out of concern that the title may be misinterpreted. The album was re-released as the eponymous Jimmy Eat World. In addition, the title track was renamed "Salt Sweat Sugar." In 2008, a deluxe version of the album was released reverting both the album and song to their original Bleed American title.
  • American pop-punk band blink 182 re-filmed the video for their song "Stay Together for the Kids." The original video was filmed on September 10–11 and depicted the band playing in an abandoned house which, during the course of the video, was struck repeatedly by a wrecking ball and eventually destroyed. The attacks occurred following the wrapping of filming. Both the band and director Samuel Bayer felt that the images portrayed in the video were too similar to the attacks on the World Trade Center and opted to re-shoot the video. The original video for the song is available on some of the band's DVD releases as well as on YouTube.
  • Michael Jackson, along with other musicians, performed the songs "What More Can I Give" and "Man in the Mirror" at the United We Stand benefit concert at the RFK Memorial Stadium on October 21, 2001, as a tribute to the victims of the 9/11 attacks.
  • The Hungarian composer Robert Gulya, who was living in the USA from 2000 to 2002, started to work on a guitar concerto in autumn 2001, shortly after the September 11 attacks. Gulya chose a theme for the concerto's first movement,[29] which reminds of the terror attacks.[30] The world premiere of this concerto was filmed and released on the DVD Live in Budapest by the Austria guitarist Johanna Beisteiner.
  • Ben Folds was giving an interview about his album "Rockin' the Suburbs" (released on Sept. 11) but was cut short, due to the plane crashes.
  • The song "New York City Cops" was replaced on the U.S. version of The Strokes' 2001 album Is This It.
  • Dream Theater's Live Album Live Scenes from New York, released on September 11, 2001, had an album cover that depicted the skyline of New York City in flames. The album was recalled and later re-released, with a different cover.
  • English rock band Bush changed the name of the lead single off their 2001 album Golden State from Speed Kills to The People That We Love. Also changed was the original cover art for the album, which featured a commercial airplane.[31]
  • The tribute concert Come Together: A Night for John Lennon's Words and Music, a fundraiser for the Robin Hood Foundation dedicated to the music of John Lennon, took place in early October 2001 in New York. Due to its timing, much of the concert also became a tribute to the city of New York and particularly its emergency services.
  • Singer Madonna postponed a concert performance in Los Angeles, California.
  • Rock band Aerosmith canceled three shows originally scheduled for September 11th, 13th, and 15th, all on the Eastern Seaboard, during their Just Push Play Tour. They resumed their tour on September 17 in Atlanta.
  • The San Francisco Symphony continued with a previously planned program of Mahler's 6th Symphony, the "Tragic," on September 12-15. The subsequent recording was highly acclaimed and garnered the 2003 Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance.[32]

Theme parks[edit]

  • The Walt Disney World attraction The Timekeeper, a 360-degree film presentation that features a panoramic view of New York City, including the Twin Towers, closed on September 11, 2001 and updated the scene of New York City so that the titular character was sent to 2000, a time prior to the attacks. The attraction closed five years later.[citation needed]
  • Movie World on the Gold Coast in Queensland Australia, immediately after the attack, (which was late evening in Australia time wise), received word from the CEO of Village Roadshow Entertainment (the company that owned the park), that he wanted all attractions and video games that were "gun based" shutdown or removed before they opened the park the following morning. Several coin op shooting games such as Point Blank were removed from the video game section, and the old timey shooting gallery from the western area was removed too. Gun based video games have now made a reappearance several years later, however the western shooting gallery is gone for good.

Sports[edit]

Major sporting events cancelled in the North America included:

  • Major League Baseball (MLB): Major League Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig called off games for one day,[33] extending cancellations for three days, then all games through September 16 were postponed. The games were tacked onto the end of the regular season, delaying the postseason until October 4. As a result, the 2001 World Series became the first to ever extend into November.[34] This was the third time in MLB history that games were canceled due to war or national security reasons.[33] Games were cancelled on D-Day, and the 1918 season was shortened due to World War I.[33]
  • Minor League Baseball (MiLB): All championship series were cancelled. Teams that had led their respective series were awarded league championships, or teams which were scheduled to play in such series were awarded co-championships.
  • The National Football League (NFL) postponed its weekly schedule of football games on September 16 and the Monday night game the following night. Those games and the playoffs were pushed back at the end of the regular season. Super Bowl XXXVI was then moved to February 3, the first time the game had been played in that month. The following year, Super Bowl XXXVII was held at the end of January, but the Super Bowl was moved back to February (presumably for reasons unrelated to 9/11) the following year and has been held in that month ever since. In addition, the logo for Super Bowl XXXVI was changed from one reflecting its host city, New Orleans, to a patriotic design.
  • NASCAR postponed the September 16 Winston Cup New Hampshire 300 race at Loudon until November 23. Qualifying for the race was cancelled outright, and the starting grid was based on owner points as of September 10. The IRL Chevy 500 was moved to October 6.
  • NCAA Division I college football games originally scheduled to be played on September 13 and 15 were called off.[35] This was not an insignificant decision; in 1988, Syracuse University was severely criticized for allowing a basketball game be played hours after 35 of its students were killed in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. Some games were played in early December, others were cancelled. Other games were added as a result of teams being unable to find makeup dates.
  • The PGA golf tour cancelled the World Golf Championships at the Bellerive Country Club in St. Louis, Missouri. This was the first time in five years the PGA cancelled a tournament. In 1996, the PGA Tour cancelled the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am because of weather conditions, and subsequently added a new rule that a tournament would not be official unless 54 holes were played. This event was not made up and purse monies were donated to charities.
  • USA Cycling canceled the BMC Software Tour of Houston scheduled for September 16, which was a key event in that year's Pro Cycling Tour, involving elite domestic and international cyclists.[36] The decision was made despite the fact that athletes, staff, and equipment were actively en route to Houston from the inaugural San Francisco Grand Prix, which had been held on September 9, 2001.[37]
  • The Army Ten-Miler road race at The Pentagon scheduled for October was canceled.
  • The Canadian Football League (CFL) scrapped all games for the ensuing week.

The WWF show Smackdown was originally supposed to be taped on the days of the attacks. Two days later, the show was held live from Houston,Tx in a special 9/11 tribute show.

The following overseas sports events were delayed:

  • Games scheduled by UEFA, the European governing body of association football, that were scheduled for September 12 and 13 were postponed (games had been played on the 11th as the first plane strike took place at 2:46 PM CET).
  • The 2001 Ryder Cup of golf, held at The Belfry in England, was postponed a year. Subsequent Ryder Cup tournaments were moved from odd-numbered to even-numbered years to retain the two-year gap between stagings. The Presidents Cup and Solheim Cup, staged in off-years of the Ryder Cup, were moved from even-numbered to odd-numbered years beginning in 2003.

Video games[edit]

  • The video game Grand Theft Auto III, released in October 2001, was delayed almost a month to make last-minute changes, since the producers' offices were near Ground Zero, and since the game was set in a city loosely based on New York City. The paint scheme of the city's police cars was also changed from a blue-and-white NYPD design[38] to a black-and-white LAPD design[39] during game development. One mission which referenced terrorists was completely removed.[40] Other changes which were relatively minor included altering the flight path of an AI plane that went near skyscrapers, and removing a few lines of pedestrian dialogue and talk radio.[41]
  • The video game Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty was released as scheduled in November 2001 despite the plot centering around terrorists in New York City and a scene in which a giant battleship crashes into Federal Hall; however, a scene in which Arsenal Gear, a futuristic mobile fortress, destroys the Statue of Liberty and much of Manhattan's financial district was removed, as was live-action footage of the Twin Towers originally slated to be used in the ending.
  • Microsoft removed the World Trade Center from Microsoft Flight Simulator beginning with the 2002 edition. Also, Microsoft removed Crash Damage from the games. That meant that when a plane crashed, it did not catch alight. There were, however, third-party mods bringing crash damage back.
  • The 2000 computer game Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2, depicting an alternate history where the Soviet Union launches an invasion of the United States, changed its box art after the attacks. The original art was a fold-out cover. The inside depicted the New York skyline on fire including a ruined Twin Towers with flames and smoke emitting out. The cover depicted a Soviet soldier who was wearing an eyepiece with crosshairs on the American flag. The altered cover merely depicted the Soviet soldier wearing the eyepiece with crosshairs on a nuclear bomb explosion. The release of its 2001 expansion pack, Command & Conquer: Yuri's Revenge, was postponed because of this. Controversial in-game levels, including ones where players had to destroy the Pentagon and attack the World Trade Center area, were not changed, however the landmarks and level names like "Operation: Big Apple" were no longer mentioned in walkthroughs on the game's website.
  • The Dreamcast game Propeller Arena was canceled. It was an air combat game which featured modern-day dog fighting with planes in cities that had skyscraper buildings.[42] A leaked and completed version has since made it to the Internet.[citation needed]
  • The PlayStation 2 game Mobile Suit Gundam: Journey to Jaburos release date in the United States was delayed due to the opening scene where a space colony was dropped on a city that resembles New York.
  • The PlayStation 2 game Shinobi originally had a scene in which the main character jumps out of a helicopter and sticks his sword into the side of a skyscraper to slow his fall. When this character hit the ground, the building was supposed to shatter. The scene was removed.
  • The PlayStation game Syphon Filter 3 had its cover art changed before release.[43] It originally had Gabe Logan, viewed from an angle, pointing a gun at the camera with a look of anger while Lian swung into frame guns ablazing. The American flag was prominently displayed as well. It was changed to a generic head-view of Gabe and Lian looking serious. A level in the game that takes place in Kabul, Afghanistan (albeit in the 1980s when it was under Soviet occupation) remained.
  • The PlayStation game Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro had its final level changed.[44] Originally it was a showdown between Spider-Man and Electro atop the World Trade Center. This was changed to the top of another generic skyscraper. The New York City skyline was also obscured by a storm so that the World Trade Center was not visible.

Other[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d Images of trade center preserved in fresh films shot before Sept. 11
  3. ^ Sidewalks of New York - Trivia
  4. ^ Spy Game DVD commentary
  5. ^ People I Know (2003) - Greg's Preview - Yahoo! Movies
  6. ^ Miracle - Trivia
  7. ^ a b Script Check - EW
  8. ^ Trying Times for Time Machine The Daily Mail.
  9. ^ "Jackie, Oh!". Snopes. March 8, 2008. 
  10. ^ Vanilla Sky (2001) - Trivia
  11. ^ Danny Leigh (July 30, 2004). "Donnie Darko: the rabbit rides again | Film". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  12. ^ Carter, Bill; Rutenberg, Jim (September 15, 2001). "Viewers Again Return To Traditional Networks". New York Times. p. A14. 
  13. ^ "America Under Attack: Talk with First Lady Laura Bush". CNN. September 13, 2001. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b Bohlen, Celestine. (2001-09-21.) "Think tank; In new war on terrorism, words are weapons, too". The New York Times online archive. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  15. ^ (2003-05-05.) "Maher: Politically incorrect on broadway". CBS News website. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  16. ^ Kirn, Walter. (2002-05-26.) "The way we live now: 5-26-02; The end of the affair". The New York Times online archive. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  17. ^ Associated Press. (2002-06-29.) "Maher tapes final episode of 'Politically Incorrect'". USA Today online, retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  18. ^ Maher, Bill. (2006-09-10) "When can we finally be funny again?" The Los Angeles Times via latimes.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  19. ^ Giovanni, Joseph: "9/11 by the Numbers", New York Magazine, 16 September 2002, page 54.
  20. ^ 9/11 WTC The web of Deceit Was Woven Into America - YouTube
  21. ^ 2/23/08 6:24pm 2/23/08 6:24pm. "Chris Carter Says 9/11 Killed X-Files, But America is Ready for It Again". Io9.com. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  22. ^ Friends Airport Security (deleted scene) on YouTube
  23. ^ "Muppet Central News - 9/11 echoes on Sesame Street". Muppetcentral.com. 2002-01-04. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  24. ^ Bundyology - Episode "Get outta Dodge"
  25. ^ alt.tv.simpsons - List of Inquiries and Substantive Answers: Miscellany
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  27. ^ "Radio stations retool playlists after attacks". CNN. September 20, 2001. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  28. ^ Trevor Talks it Through - Episode Eighteen
  29. ^ Video of the world premeiere of Gulya's guitar concerto, first movement. Gramy Records, 2010.
  30. ^ Interview with Robert Gulya Robert Gulya talks about his collaboration with Johanna Beisteiner and the Concerto he wrote for her. Video, Gramy Records, 2010. (Hungarian with English subtitles)
  31. ^ http://www.inlander.com/spokane/bushwhacked/Content?oid=2136000 Bushwhacked
  32. ^ San Francisco Symphony Online Store - Mahler: Symphony No. 6
  33. ^ a b c Chass, Murray (2001-09-12). "Selig, in a Sense of Mourning, Cancels Baseball Games". The New York Times. p. C15. 
  34. ^ Bob Kimball (November 3, 2009). "Tracking the other November World Series". USA Today. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  35. ^ Litsky, Frank; Williams, Lena (2001-09-12). "Many Sporting Events Called Off or Postponed". The New York Times. p. C18. 
  36. ^ "2001 BMC Software Cycling Grand Prix" (Press release). USA Cycling / BMC Software. March 9, 2001. Retrieved November 4, 2009. 
  37. ^ Hatchitt, Ann (October 12, 2001). "Each employee looks for ways to reach out (BMC Software Inc.'s community service strategy)". Austin Business Journal. Retrieved November 4, 2009. 
  38. ^ http://www.gouranga.com/images/gta3/gta3_07.jpg
  39. ^ http://img203.imageshack.us/img203/3852/gtaiiilcpdcar1ik.jpg
  40. ^ "Dan Houser reveals GTA 3's forced 9/11 changes". Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  41. ^ "How 9/11 changed Grand Theft Auto 3". Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  42. ^ IGN: Propeller Arena Release To Be Determined
  43. ^ "Game Rave Presents: Syphon Filter 3 - September 11th Version". Game-rave.com. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  44. ^ "Game Rave Presents: Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro - September 11th Version". Game-rave.com. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  45. ^ Aviator of the Year
  46. ^ McKinley, Jesse (September 15, 2001). "Lights On, Broadway Dispels The Dark". The New York Times. p. B9.