List of barley diseases

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This article is a list of diseases of barley (Hordeum vulgare).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial Diseases
Black chaff and bacterial streak Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens
Bacterial kernel blight Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae
Bacterial leaf blight Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae
Bacterial stripe Pseudomonas syringae pv. striafaciens
Basal glume rot Pseudomonas syringae pv. atrofaciens
Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens


Fungal diseases
Anthracnose[1]

Colletotrichum cereale Manns

Barley stripe

Pyrenophora graminea
= Drechslera graminea

Cephalosporium stripe

Hymenula cerealis
= Cephalosporium gramineum

Common root rot, crown rot and seedling blight

Cochliobolus sativus
= Bipolaris sorokiniana
Fusarium culmorum
Fusarium graminearum
Gibberella zeae [teleomorph]

Downy mildew

Sclerophthora rayssiae

Dwarf bunt Tilletia controversa
Ergot

Claviceps purpurea
Sphacelia segetum [anamorph]

Eyespot

Pseudocercosoporella herpotrichoides
Tapesia yallundae [teleomorph]

Halo spot

Pseudoseptoria donacis
= Selenophoma donacis

Kernel blight = black point

Alternaria spp.
Arthrinium arundinis[2]
Apiospora montagnei [teleomorph]
Cochliobolus sativus
Fusarium spp.

Ascochyta leaf spot[1][3]

Ascochyta hordei
Ascochyta graminea
Ascochyta sorghi
Ascochyta tritici

Net blotch

Drechslera teres
Pyrenophora teres [teleomorph]

Net blotch (spot form) Drechslera teres f. maculata
Powdery mildew

Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei
= Blumeria graminis
Oidium monilioides [anamorph]

Pythium root rot

Pythium spp.
Pythium arrhenomanes
Pythium graminicola
Pythium tardicrescens

Rhizoctonia root rot

Rhizoctonia solani
Thanatephorus cucumeris [teleomorph]

Rusts
Crown rust

Puccinia coronata var. hordei

Leaf rust Puccinia hordei
Stem rust

Puccinia graminis f.sp. secalis
Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici

Stripe rust = yellow rust

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei

...
Scab = head blight Fusarium spp.

Fusarium graminearum

Scald Rhynchosporium secalis
Septoria speckled leaf blotch

Septoria passerinii
Stagonospora avenae f.sp. triticae

Sharp eyespot

Rhizoctonia cerealis
Ceratobasidium cereale [teleomorph]

Smuts
Covered smut Ustilago hordei
False loose smut

Ustilago nigra
= Ustilago avenae

Loose smut

Ustilago nuda
= Ustilago tritici

Snow molds
Gray snow mold = Typhula blight

Typhula incarnata
Typhula ishikariensis

Pink snow mold = Fusarium patch

Microdochium nivale
= Fusarium nivale
Monographella nivalis [teleomorph]

Speckled snow mold Typhula idahoensis
...
Snow rot

Pythium iwayamae
Pythium okanoganense
Pythium paddicum

Snow scald = Sclerotinia snow mold

Myriosclerotinia borealis
= Sclerotinia borealis

Southern blight

Sclerotium rolfsii
Athelia rolfsii [teleomorph]

Spot blotch

Cochliobolus sativus
Drechslera teres [anamorph]

Stagonospora blotch

Stagonospora avenae f.sp. triticae
Phaeosphaeria avenaria f.sp. triticae [teleomorph]
Stagonospora nodorum
= Septoria nodorum
Phaeosphaeria nodorum [teleomorph]

Take-all

Gaeumannomyces graminis var tritici

Tan spot

Pyrenophora tritici-repentis
= Pyrenophora trichostoma
Drechslera tritici-repentis [anamorph]
= Helminthosporium tritici-repentis

Verticillium wilt[4][5] Verticillium dahliae
Wirrega blotch Drechslera wirreganensis

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Cereal cyst nematode

Heterodera avenae
Heterodera filipjevi
Heterodera latipons

Cereal root knot nematode

Meloidogyne spp.
Meloidogyne naasi
Meloidogyne artiellia
Meloidogyne chitwoodi

Root gall nematode

Subanguina radicicola

Root lesion nematode

Pratylenchus spp.

Stunt nematode

Merlinius brevidens
Tylenchorhynchus dubius
Tylenchorhynchus maximus

Virus, viroid and virus-like diseases[edit]

Virus, viroid and virus-like diseases
African cereal streak African cereal streak virus
Barley mild mosaic genus Bymovirus, Barley mild mosaic bymovirus (BaMMV)
Barley mosaic Barley mosaic virus
Barley stripe mosaic genus Hordeivirus, Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV)
Barley yellow dwarf genus Luteovirus, Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV)
Barley yellow streak mosaic Barley yellow streak mosaic virus
Barley yellow stripe virus-like agent
Brome mosaic genus Bromovirus, Brome mosaic virus (BMV)
Cereal northern mosaic = barley yellow striate mosaic genus Cytorhabdovirus, Northern cereal mosaic virus (NCMV)
Cereal tillering genus Reovirus, Cereal tillering disease virus (CTDV)
Chloris striate mosaic genus Monogeminivirus, Chloris striate mosaic virus (CSMV)
Eastern wheat striate Eastern wheat striate virus
Enanismo virus like agent
Hordeum mosaic genus Rymovirus, Hordeum mosaic virus (HoMV)
Oat blue dwarf genus Marafivirus, Oat blue dwarf virus(OBDV)
Oat pseudorosette genus Tenuivirus, Oat pseudorosette virus
Oat sterile dwarf genus Fijivirus, Oat sterile dwarf virus (OSDV)
Rice black-streaked dwarf genus Fijivirus, Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV)
Rice stripe genus Tenuivirus, Rice stripe virus (RSV)
Russian winter wheat mosaic Winter wheat Russian mosaic virus (WWRMV)
Wheat dwarf genus Monogeminivirus, Wheat dwarf virus (WDV)
Wheat soil-borne mosaic genus Furovirus, Wheat soil-borne mosaic virus (SBWMV)
Wheat streak mosaic genus Ryemovirus, Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV)
Wheat yellow leaf genus Closterovirus, Wheat yellow leaf virus (WYLV)

Phytoplasma diseases[edit]

Mycoplasmal diseases
Aster yellows Aster yellows phytoplasma

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders[edit]

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Physiological leaf spot Unknown

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mathre, D.E. (1997). Compendium of barley diseases. American Phytopathological Society. pp. 120 pp. 
  2. ^ Martinez-Cano, C.; W.E. Grey, D.C. Sands (1992). "First report of Arthrinium arundinis causing kernel blight on barley". Pl. Dis 76: 1077. 
  3. ^ USDA ARS Fungal Database Archived 14 July 2007 at WebCite
  4. ^ Mathre, D.E. (1986). "Occurrence of Verticillium dahliae on barley". Pl. Dis. 70 (10): 981. doi:10.1094/PD-70-981c. 
  5. ^ Mathre, D.E. (1989). "Pathogenicity of an isolate of Verticillium dahliae from barley". Pl. Dis. 73 (2): 164–167. doi:10.1094/PD-73-0164.