List of battles and other violent events by death toll

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This page lists mortalities from battles and other individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll. For wars and events more extensive in scope, see List of wars and disasters by death toll. For natural disasters, see List of natural disasters by death toll.

Battles and sieges[edit]

Many of the entries in this section are currently for total casualties rather than deaths. Until this notice is removed, check the individual links to confirm what the figure represents.

Bombing campaigns[edit]

Dresden after being bombed

World War II[edit]

  • Maximum 25,000 (minimum 22,700) - Allied airforce bombing of Dresden during the period 7 October 1944 to 7 April 1945[1]
  • Minimum 20,000 - Allied airforce bombing of Berlin in 363 separate raids that took place during the period 7 June 1940 until 25 March 1944
  • Minimum 20,000 - German Luftwaffe bombing of London during the Blitz; 7 September 1940 to 10 May 1941[2]

Post-World War II[edit]

Individual air raids[edit]

World War II[edit]

Wartime ship disasters[edit]

Prior to World War I[edit]

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
1300–1900 SS Sultana US Transport Steamboat Union POWs formerly held
by the Confederate Army
Mississippi River
near Memphis
April 27, 1865[5]
900 HMS Victory GB 1st-rate Crew The Casquets Oct 3, 1744
838 HMS St George UK 1st-rate Crew North Sea Dec 24, 1811
800+ Kronan SE 1st-rate Crew Baltic Sea Jun 1, 1676
800+ HMS Royal George GB 1st-rate Crew Spithead Aug 29, 1782
800 HMS Association GB 2nd-rate Crew Isles of Scilly Oct 22, 1707
699 HMS Ramilles GB 3rd-rate Crew Bolt Head Feb 15, 1760
673 HMS Queen Charlotte GB 1st-rate Crew Livorno Mar 17, 1800
566 General Lyon US Transport Discharged Union soldiers, Confederate POWs Cape Hatteras Mar 31, 1865
600 HMS Hero UK 3rd-rate Crew Wadden Sea Dec 28, 1811
555 HMS Defence UK 3rd-rate Crew North Sea Dec 24, 1811
380 Mary Rose Eng Carrack Soldiers, crew The Solent Jul 19, 1545
372 Arniston Eng East Indiaman Soldiers, crew & their family Cape Agulhas May 30, 1815

World War I[edit]

The loss of two British cruisers to a German naval squadron at the Battle of Coronel on 1 November 1914 was followed by the Battle of the Falkland Islands on 8 December where most of the German force was destroyed. The Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 was the largest naval battle during World War I and resulted in the loss of three British battlecruisers and three armoured cruisers.

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
1,255 HMS Queen Mary UK Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,198 RMS Lusitania UK Ocean Liner Civilians Celtic Sea May 7, 1915
1,015 HMS Invincible UK Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,013 HMS Indefatigable UK Battlecruiser Crew North sea May 31, 1916
903 HMS Defence UK Armoured cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
919[6] HMS Good Hope UK Armoured Cruiser Crew off Coronel, Chile Nov 1, 1914
857 HMS Black Prince UK Armoured cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
843 HMS Vanguard UK Battleship Crew Scapa Flow, Scotland Jul 19, 1917
839 SMS Pommern Ger Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew North Sea Jun 1, 1916
782 SMS Blücher Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Dogger Bank Jan 24, 1915
860[7] SMS Scharnhorst Ger Armoured cruiser Crew Falkland Islands Dec 8, 1914
735[6] HMS Monmouth UK Armoured cruiser Crew off Coronel, Chile Nov 1, 1914
738 HMS Bulwark UK Battleship Crew Sheerness Nov 26, 1914
648 Suffren Fr Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew off Lisbon Nov 26, 1916
646 SS Mendi UK Troopship Troops English Channel Feb 21, 1917
650 Bouvet Fr Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew Dardanelles Mar 18, 1915
501 RMS Leinster UK Mail Ship Military personnel Irish Sea Oct 10, 1918
598[7] SMS Gneisenau Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Falkland Islands Dec 8, 1914
570 HMS Goliath UK Battleship Crew Dardanelles May 13, 1915
524 HMS Hawke UK Cruiser Crew North Sea Oct 15, 1914
1450 HMS Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy UK Armoured cruisers Crew North Sea near Netherlands Sept 22, 1914

World War II[edit]

Estimate Name Nat. Ship type Principal victims Where sunk Date
9,000[8] Wilhelm Gustloff  Germany Cruise ship Refugees Baltic Sea Jan 30, 1945
6,000-6,700[9] Goya  Germany Troopship Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea Apr 16, 1945
5,000-7,000[10] Armenia  USSR Hospital ship Wounded, refugees Black Sea Nov 7, 1941
5,000-7,000[11] Cap Arcona  Germany Prison ship Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
5,620[12] Junyō Maru  Japan Hell ship Javanese labourers and Allied POW's Indian Ocean Sep 18, 1944
5,400[13] Toyama Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Japan Jun 29, 1944
4,998[14] Ryusei Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Bali Sea Feb 25, 1944
4,755[15] Tamatsu Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Off Luzon Aug 19, 1944
3,900[16]-5,000[17] Totila  Germany Cargo ship Troops Crimean Peninsula May 10, 1944
4,074[18] Oria  Germany Troopship Italian POWs Cape Sounion Feb 12, 1944
3,850[19] Orion  Germany Auxiliary cruiser Refugees Baltic Sea May 4, 1945
3,000-4,500[20]
(1,738 known dead;
2,477 survived)
HMT Lancastria  UK Troopship Troops, refugees Bay of Biscay Jun 17, 1940
2,000-4,000 Teja  Germany Cargo ship Troops Crimean Peninsula May 10, 1944
2,000-5,400[21] Ural Maru  Japan Troopship Wounded, troops South China Sea Sep 27, 1944
3,536[22] Mayasan Maru  Japan Troopship Troops East China Sea Aug 17, 1944
3,000-4,000[23] General von Steuben  Germany Passenger ship Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea Feb 10, 1945
3055[24][25]-3063[26] Yamato  Japan Battleship Crew Sea of Japan Apr 7, 1945
3,000[27] Tango Maru  Japan Hell ship Javanese labourers and Allied POW's Bali Sea Feb 25, 1944
2,750[28] Thielbek  Germany Prison ship Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
2,750[29] Lenin  USSR Passenger ship Passengers, troops Black Sea Jul 27, 1941
2,700[30] Moero  Germany Hospital ship Soldiers and civilians from Estonia Baltic Sea Sep 22, 1944
2,670[31] Petrella  Germany Cargo liner Italian POW's Suda Bay, Crete Feb 8, 1944
2,665[32] Teia Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Off Luzon Aug 18, 1944
2,586[16] Yoshida Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Off Luzon Apr 26, 1944
2,571[33] Rigel  Norway Cargo ship Troops, Soviet POW's Off Norway Nov 27, 1944
2,300[34] Akitsu Maru  Japan Escort aircraft carrier Troops Manila Bay Nov 15, 1944
2,134[35] Hawaii Maru  Japan Troopship Troops East China Sea Dec 2, 1944
2;114[36] Edogawa Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Yellow sea[37] Nov 18, 1944
2,100+[38] Bismarck  Germany Battleship Crew Atlantic Ocean May 27, 1941
2,098[39] Sinfra  France Cargo ship Italian POWs Suda Bay, Crete Oct 20, 1943
2,035[40] Kamakura Maru  Japan Troopship Soldiers and civilians Philippines Sea Apr 28, 1943
2,003[41] Awa Maru  Japan Hospital ship[42] Civilians Taiwan Straits Apr 1, 1945
2,000[43] Dainichi Maru  Japan Hell ship, Troopship Troops Philippines Sea Oct 8, 1943
2,000[44] Salzburg  Germany Cargo liner Russian POW's Black Sea Oct 1, 1942
2,000 Iosif Stalin  USSR Passenger ship Troops, crew Baltic Sea Dec 3, 1941
1,932[45] Scharnhorst  Germany Battleship Crew Arctic Ocean Dec 26, 1943
1,796[46] Gaetano Donizetti  Italy Cargo ship Italian POW's Aegean Sea Sep 23, 1943
1,777[47] Arisan Maru  Japan Hell ship US POW's China Sea Oct 24, 1944
1,747[48] Arabia Maru  Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea Oct 18, 1944
1,700[49] Takahito Maru  Japan Hospital ship Wounded, civilians Taiwan Strait Mar 19, 1943
1,658[50] RMS Laconia  UK Armed merchant cruiser Italian POW's, civilians South Atlantic Sep 12, 1942
660[51]-1,650[52] Taihō  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Philippine Sea Mar 7, 1944
1,636[53] Yamashiro  Japan Battleship Crew Surigao Strait Oct 25, 1944
1,540[54] Koshu Maru  Japan Hell ship Passengers, Allied POW's Indonesia Aug 4, 1944
1,529[55] Tsushima Maru  Japan Passenger ship Schoolchildren, civilians Sea of Japan Aug 22, 1944
1,470[56] Chiyoda  Japan Light aircraft carrier Crew Philippines Sea Oct 25, 1944
1,450[57] Maebashi Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Pacific Ocean Sep 30, 1943
1,435[58] Shinano  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Pacific Ocean Nov 29, 1944
1,430[59] Jinyo Maru  Japan Cargo ship Troops South China Sea Dec 7, 1944
1,428[60] Shiranesan Maru (I)  Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea Oct 18, 1944
1,415[61] HMS Hood  UK Battlecruiser Crew Denmark Strait May 24, 1941
1,400[62] Fusō  Japan Battleship Crew Surigao Strait Oct 25, 1944
1,400[63] Chikuma  Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Philippine Sea Oct 25, 1944
1,400[64] Tatsuta Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Japan Feb 9, 1943
1,384[65] Fuso Maru  Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea Jul 31, 1944
1,300[66] Mario Roselli  Italy Cargo ship Italian POW's Corfu Bay Oct 10, 1943
1,291[67] Conte Rosso  Italy Troopship Troops Mediterranean Sea May 24, 1941
1.288[68] Yasukuni Maru  Japan Troopship Technical personnel Philippines Sea Jan 31, 1944
1,279[69] Khedive Ismail  Egypt Troopship Troops Indian Ocean Feb 12, 1944
1,263[70] Shōkaku  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Philippine Sea Jun 19, 1944
1,253[71] Roma  Italy Battleship Crew Mediterranean Sep 8, 1943
1,250[72] Kongō  Japan Battleship Crew Formosa Strait Nov 21, 1944
1,243[73] Chuyo  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Izu Islands Dec 4, 1943
1,240[74] Unryū  Japan Escort aircraft carrier Crew East China Sea Dec 19, 1944
1,207[75] HMS Glorious  UK Aircraft carrier Crew Norwegian Sea Jun 8, 1940
1,177[76] USS Arizona  USA Battleship Crew Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941
1,159[77] Rakuyo Maru  Japan Hell ship British and Australian POW's South China Sea Sep 12, 1944
1,138[78] Rohna  UK Troopship US troops, crew Mediterranean Nov 26, 1943
1,124[79] Montevideo Maru  Japan Hell ship Australian POW's, civilians Philippine Sea? Jul 1, 1942
1,121[80] Mutsu  Japan Battleship Crew, flying cadets Hashirajima (Japan) Jun 8, 1943
1,118[81] Hakozaki Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Yellow Sea Mar 19, 1945
1,023[82] Musashi  Japan Battleship Crew Leyte Gulf Oct 24, 1944
1,000[83] Eiwa Maru  Japan Tanker ship Troops South China Sea Nov 13, 1944
991[84] Galilea  Italy Troopship Italian alpine troops, Italian carabinieri, Greek POW's Mediterranean Sea Mar 28, 1942
956-1,025[85] Neuwerk  Germany Cargo ship Refugees, railway workers, doctors Baltic Sea Apr 10, 1945
977[86] Bretagne  France Battleship Crew Mers El Kébir Jul 3, 1940
850-1,100[87] Shuntien  UK Defensively Equipped Merchant Ship Italian and German POW's, British soldiers, crew Mediterranean Sea Dec 23, 1941
970[88] Karlsruhe  Germany Cargo ship Passengers, crew Baltic sea Apr 13, 1945
956[89] Taihei Maru  Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Okhotsk Jul 9, 1944
954[90] Palatia  Germany Passenger ship Crew, Soviet POWs Off Lindesnes Oct 21, 1942
946[91] Exercise Tiger  UK Military exercise US troops South Devon Apr 28, 1944
945[92] Aikoku Maru  Japan Armed merchant cruiser Troops Pacific Ocean Feb 17, 1944
918[93] Corregidor  Philippines Ocean liner Passengers, crew South China Sea Dec 12, 1941
920 Blücher  Germany Heavy cruiser Troops, crew Oslofjord Apr 9, 1940
903[94] Chitose  Japan Light aircraft carrier Crew Philippines Sea Oct 25, 1944
800[95]-901[96] Unyō  Japan Escort aircraft carrier Crew South China Sea Sep 17, 1944
900[97] Haguro  Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Strait of Malacca May 16, 1945
895[98] Tirpitz  Germany Battleship Crew Tromsø Nov 12, 1944
883[99] USS Indianapolis  USA Heavy cruiser Crew Philippine Sea Jul 30, 1945
881[100] Nachi  Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Manila Bay Nov 5, 1944
862[101] HMS Barham  UK Battleship Crew Mediterranean Sea Nov 25, 1941
858[102] RMS Nova Scotia  UK Troopship Passengers, British military and naval personnel, South African guards, Italian civil internees Indian Ocean Nov 28, 1942
846[103] Lisbon Maru  Japan Hell ship British and Canadian POW's East China Sea Oct 1, 1942
843[104] Zuikaku  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Leyte Gulf Oct 25,1944
833[105] HMS Royal Oak  UK Battleship Crew Scapa Flow Oct 14, 1939
817[106] Taiyo Maru  Japan Passenger ship Passengers, crew East China Sea May 8, 1942
814[107] Kaga  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Midway Jun 4, 1942
808[108] Leopoldville  Belgium Troopship US Troops English Channel Dec 24, 1944
791 Struma  Panama Passenger Crew Black Sea Feb 24, 1942
718 Sōryū  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Midway Jun 4, 1942
693 USS Houston  USA Heavy cruiser Crew Java Sea March 1, 1942
655 Ceramic  UK Passenger Civilians Atlantic Ocean Dec 6, 1942
645 HMAS Sydney  UK Light cruiser Crew Indian Ocean Nov 19, 1941
631 Shōhō  Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Coral Sea May 7, 1942
549 Ukishima Maru  Japan Transport Korean forced labourers Maizuru, Japan Aug 24, 1945
518 HMS Courageous  UK Aircraft carrier Crew Irish coast Sep 17, 1939
513 HMS Repulse  UK Battlecruiser Crew South China Sea Dec 10, 1941
484 Yoma  UK Troopship Crew, British Army troops & Free French Navy personnel[109] Mediterranean June 17, 1943
353 HMAS Perth  UK Light cruiser Crew Sunda Strait Mar 1, 1942
338 HMS Curacoa  UK Light cruiser Crew Atlantic? Oct 2, 1942
327 HMS Prince of Wales  UK Battleship Crew South China Sea Dec 10, 1941
271 Ilmarinen  Finland Coastal defence ship Crew Baltic Sea Sep 13, 1941
159 USS Asheville  USA Gunboat crew Java Sea March 3, 1942
137 Caribou  Canada Ferry Passengers, crew Cabot Strait Oct 14, 1942

Post World War II[edit]

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
2,750 SS Kiangya Chi Steamship Refugees Shanghai Dec 3, 1948
323 ARA General Belgrano Arg Cruiser Crew South Atlantic May 2, 1982
194 INS Khukri Ind Frigate Crew Arabian Sea Dec 8, 1971
20 HMS Sheffield UK Guided missile destroyer Crew South Atlantic May 4, 1982

Terrorist attacks[edit]

Estimate Name Political Ideology Country City Date
2,977 September 11 attacks Islamism United States World Trade Center, New York City,
The Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia,
Shanksville, Pennsylvania
2001
796 2007 Yazidi communities bombings Islamism Iraq Kahtaniya and Adnaniyah 2007
774 1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Eastern Province, Sri Lanka 1990
449 May 2013 Iraq attacks Islamism Iraq Across Iraq 2013
422 Cinema Rex fire Islamism Iran Abadan, Iran 1978
389 July 2013 Iraq attacks Islamism Iraq Across Iraq 2013
336+ 2014 Gamboru Ngala attack Islamism Nigeria Gamboru Ngala 2014
334 Beslan school hostage crisis Islamism Russia Beslan 2004
329 Air India Flight 182 Sikh extremism Ireland Irish Atlantic airspace 1985
309 1983 Beirut barracks bombing Islamism Lebanon Beirut 1983
293 Russian apartment bombings Islamism Russia Moscow 1999
270 Pan Am Flight 103 Islamism United Kingdom Lockerbie, Scotland 1988
257 1993 Bombay bombings Islamism India Mumbai 1993
252 2001 Angola train attack Angolan nationalism Angola 2001
238 MV Dara Unknown Southwest Asia Persian Gulf 1961
237 1998 United States embassy bombings Islamism Kenya,
Tanzania
Nairobi,
Dar es Salaam
1998
222+ January 2012 Nigeria attacks Islamism Nigeria Mubi, Yola, Gombi, Maiduguri and Kano 2012
215 23 November 2006 Sadr City bombings Islamism Iraq Sadr City 2006
209 2006 Mumbai train bombings Islamism India Mumbai 2006
202 2002 Bali bombings Islamism Indonesia Bali 2002
198 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2007
191 2004 Madrid train bombings Islamism Spain Madrid 2004
178+ 2004 Ashura bombings in Iraq Islamism Iraq Kerbala and Baghdad 2004
175 2008 Mumbai attacks Islamism India Mumbai 2008
171 UTA Flight 772 Islamism Niger 1989
170 Moscow theater hostage crisis Islamism Russia Moscow 2002
168 Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis Islamism Russia Kizlyar, Pervomayskoye[disambiguation needed], and Sovetskoye[disambiguation needed] 1996
168 Oklahoma City bombing Militia movement United States Oklahoma City 1995
155 October 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2009
152 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre Islamism Iraq Tal Afar 2007
150 St Nedelya Church assault Communism Bulgaria Sofia 1925
148 Gyaneshwari Express train derailment Unknown India 2010
147 Kattankudy mosque massacre Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Kattankudy, Batticaloa District 1990
146 Anuradhapura massacre Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 1985
140 Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis Islamism Russia Budyonnovsk 1995
136 2007 Karachi bombing Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2007
135 February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2007
133+ January 2011 Iraq suicide attacks Islamism Iraq 2011
130 Rafiganj train disaster Unknown India Rafiganj 2002
128 Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 Unknown China Guangzhou 1990
127 December 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2009
127 2005 Al Hillah bombing Islamism Iraq Al Hillah 2005
125 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 Unknown Indian Ocean 1996
120 2007 Al Hillah bombings Islamism Iraq Al Hillah 2007
120 2012 Sana'a bombing Islamism Yemen Sana'a 2012
120 October 1995 Eastern Sri Lanka massacres Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Eastern Province, Sri Lanka 1995
117 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing Islamism Pakistan Peshawar 2009
117 2004 Irbil bombings Islamism Iraq Irbil 2004
116 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing Islamism Philippines 2004
114+ 10 May 2010 Iraq attacks Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
113+ 2 November 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
112 2006 Digampathana bombing Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Digampathana 2006
112 September 14, 2005 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2005
112 Avianca Flight 203 Criminal Act Colombia 1989
112 Gulf Air Flight 771 Islamism United Arab Emirates Dubai 1983
110 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing Islamism Pakistan Orakzai 2008
105 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing Islamism Pakistan Lakki Marwat 2010
104 Mohmand Agency attack Islamism Pakistan Mohmand Agency 2010
102 First Tyre truck bombing attack Islamism Lebanon Tyre 1982
101 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2009
100+ 2011 Damaturu attacks Islamism Nigeria 2011
100 2008 Kandahar bombing Islamism Afghanistan Kandahar 2008
98 May 2010 attacks on Ahmadi mosques in Lahore Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2010
98 1 February 2008 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2008
98 Musayyib fuel tanker bombing Islamism Iraq Musayyib 2005
91 King David Hotel bombing Zionism Mandatory Palestine Jerusalem 1946
90 Central Bank Bombing Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Colombo 1996
90 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks Islamism Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh 2005
89 Russian airplane bombings Islamism Russia Moscow 2004
88 TWA Flight 841 Islamism Ionian Sea 1974
88 22 January 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2007
86 AMIA Bombing Islamism Argentina Buenos Aires 1994
85 April 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
85 Buratha Mosque bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2006
85 Stazione Centrale bombing Neo-fascism Italy Bologna 1980
83 2002 Grozny truck bombing Islamism Russia Grozny 2002
83 Imam Ali Mosque bombing Islamism Iraq Najaf 2003
81 2008 Assam bombings Assamese separatism India Assam 2008
80 Jaipur bombings Islamism India Jaipur 2008
80 1985 Beirut car bombing Islamism Lebanon Beirut 1985
78 Bombing of Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 Anti-Castroism Cuba Atlantic Sea 1976
77 2011 Norway attacks Neo-fascism Norway Oslo and Utøya 2011
76 February 12, 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2007
76 2010 Maoist attack in Dantewada Maoism India Dantewada, Chhattisgarh 2010
75 2007 Baghlan sugar factory bombing Islamism Afghanistan Baghlan 2008
74 July 2010 Kampala attacks Islamism Uganda Kampala 2010
74 2005 Khanaqin bombings Islamism Iraq Khanaqin 2005
74 21 April 2004 Basra bombings Islamism Iraq Basra 2004
74 2004 Kufa shelling Unknown Iraq Kufa 2004
73+ September 2010 Quetta bombing Islamism Pakistan Quetta 2010
73 20 June 2009 Taza bombing Islamism Iraq Taza 2009
73 Hafte Tir bombing Mojahedin-e-Khalq Iran Tehran 1981
72+ March 2010 Lahore bombings Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2010
70+ July 2010 Baghdad attacks Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
70 2008 Wah bombing Islamism Pakistan Wah 2008
70 2007 Baghdad Mustansiriya University bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2007
69+ 17 August 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
69 June 2009 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2009
68 6 March 2008 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2008
68 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings Islamism India 2007
68 2004 Baqubah bombing Islamism Iraq Baqubah 2004
67 Westgate shopping mall shooting Islamism Kenya Nairobi 2013
67 In Amenas hostage crisis Islamism Algeria In Amenas 2013
67 19 December 2004 Karbala and Najaf bombings Islamism Iraq Karbala 2004
66 2010 Darra Adam Khel mosque bombing Islamism Pakistan Darra Adam Khel 2010
66 Kebithigollewa massacre Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Kebithigollewa, Anuradhapura District 2006
64 Dehiwala train bombing (1996) Tamil Separatism Sri Lanka Dehiwala, Colombo District 1996
63 Luxor massacre Islamism Egypt Luxor 1997
63 February 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2007
63 DAS Building bombing Criminal Act Colombia Bogotá 1989
63 Iraqi Airways Flight 163 Islamism Saudi Arabia Arar 1986
63 April 1983 US Embassy bombing Islamism Lebanon Beirut 1983
62 1999 Vladikavkaz bombing Islamism Russia Vladikavkaz 1999
62 July 1, 2006 Sadr City bombing Islamism Iraq Sadr City 2006
62 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings Islamism India Delhi 2005
62 24 June 2004 Mosul bombings Islamism Iraq Mosul 2004
60 2005 Amman bombings Islamism Jordan Amman 2005
60 EgyptAir Flight 648 Islamism Greece Athens 1985
60 Second Tyre truck bombing attack Islamism Lebanon Tyre 1983
59 2003 Znamenskoye suicide bombing Islamism Russia Znamenskoye 2003
58 2010 Baghdad church attack Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
58 6 April 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
58 April 2010 Kohat bombings Islamism Pakistan Kohat 2010
58 2008 Indian embassy bombing in Kabul Islamism Afghanistan Kabul 2008
58 1948 Ben Yehuda Street bombing Islamism Mandatory Palestine Jerusalem 1948
57 Nishtar Park bombing Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2006
57 2003 Istanbul Bombings Islamism Turkey Istanbul 2003
56 2008 Ahmedabad bombings Islamism Pakistan Ahmedabad 2008
54 1 February 2010 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
54 December 2009 Lahore attacks Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2009
54 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing Islamism Pakistan Islamabad 2008
53+ 25 August 2010 Iraq bombings Islamism Iraq Kut 2010
52 2011 Monterrey casino attack Criminal Act Mexico Monterrey 2011
52 7 July 2005 London bombings Islamism United Kingdom London 2005
52 2003 Mumbai bombings Islamism India Mumbai 2003
51 2009 African Union base bombings in Mogadishu Islamism Somalia Mogadishu 2009
51 17 June 2008 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2008
50+ Dera Ghazi Khan bombings Islamism Pakistan Dera Ghazi Khan 2011
50+ December 2010 Mohmand Agency bombings Islamism Pakistan Mohmand Agency 2010
50 5 April 2010 Peshawar bombings Islamism Pakistan Peshawar 2010
50 July 2010 Lahore bombings Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2010
48 27 January 2011 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2011
48 2009 Jamrud mosque bombing Islamism Pakistan Jamrud 2009
47 December 2010 Bajaur bombing Islamism Pakistan Khar 2010
47 14 September 2004 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2004
47 2008 Parachinar bombing Islamism Pakistan Parachinar 2008
46 2003 Stavropol train bombing Islamism Russia Stavropol 2003
46 2003 Casablanca bombings Islamism Morocco Casablanca 2003
45 Bath School disaster Criminal Act United States Michigan 1927
44 Kaspiysk bombing Islamism Russia Kaspiysk 2002
43+ 7 August 2010 Basra attacks Islamism Iraq Basra 2010
43 May 2014 Ürümqi attack Islamism China Ürümqi 2014
43 2009 Pishin bombing Islamism Iran Pishin 2009
43 2009 Karachi bombing Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2009
43 2008 Issers bombing Islamism Algeria Issers 2008
42 25 August 2007 Hyderabad bombings Islamism India Hyderabad 2007
42 April 4, 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
42 February 2004 Moscow metro bombing Islamism Russia Moscow 2004
41 30 September 2004 Baghdad bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2004
41 25 January 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
41 December 11, 2007 Algiers bombings Islamism Algeria Algiers 2007
40+ 9 March 2011 Peshawar bombing Islamism Pakistan Peshawar 2011
40 Nadahan wedding bombing Islamism Afghanistan Kandahar Province 2010
40 2010 Moscow Metro bombings Islamism Russia Moscow 2010
39 May 2010 Mogadishu bombings Islamism Somalia Mogadishu 2010
38 Coastal Road massacre Islamism Israel Coastal Highway 1978
38 2010 Chabahar suicide bombing Islamism Iran Chabahar 2010
38 October 2009 Lahore attacks Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2009
38 December 2009 Rawalpindi attack Islamism Pakistan Rawalpindi 2009
38 2001 attack on Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly Islamism India Srinagar 2001
38 Wall Street bombing Anarchism United States New York City 1920
37 2006 Malegaon blasts Islamism India 2006
37 Domodedovo International Airport bombing Islamism Russia Moscow 2011
35+ 2010 Dantewada bus bombing Maoism India Dantewada 2010
35 September 2010 Lahore bombings Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2010
35 27 October 2003 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2003
35 November 2009 Rawalpindi bombing Islamism Pakistan Rawalpindi 2009
35 2009 Beledweyne bombing Islamism Somalia Beledweyne 2009
35 2009 Lahore bombing Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2009
35 September 2008 Peshawar bombing Islamism Pakistan Peshawar 2008
35 2008 Baquba bombings Islamism Iraq Baqubah 2008
35 Riyadh compound bombings Islamism Saudi Arabia Riyadh 2003
34 April 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2009
34 2004 Sinai bombings Islamism Egypt Taba,
Nuweiba
2004
33 Akshardham Temple attack Islamism India Gandhinagar 2002
33 2009 Dera Ghazi Khan bombing Islamism Pakistan Dera Ghazi Khan 2009
33 2010 Baqubah bombings Islamism Iraq Baqubah 2010
33 11 April 2007 Algiers bombings Islamism Algeria Algiers 2007
33 Pan Am Flight 110 Islamism Italy Rome 1973
33 1998 Coimbatore bombings Islamism India Coimbatore 1998
33 Dublin and Monaghan bombings Ulster Loyalism Ireland Dublin,
Monaghan
1974
32 December 2013 Volgograd bombings Islamism Russia Volgograd 2013
32 2009 African Union base bombings in Mogadishu Islamism Somalia Mogadishu 2009
32 Muna Hotel attack Islamism Somalia Mogadishu 2010
32 28 September 2008 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2008
31+ 19 September 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2010
30 13 September 2008 Delhi bombings Islamism India Delhi 2008
30 February 2010 Khyber Mosque bombing Islamism Pakistan Khyber Agency 2010
30 Passover massacre Islamism Israel Netanya 2002
30 2007 Dellys bombing Islamism Algeria Dellys 2007
29 Cave of the Patriarchs massacre Zionism Palestinian Territories Hebron 1994
29 1992 attack on Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires Islamism Argentina Buenos Aires 1992
29 Omagh bombing Irish Republicanism United Kingdom Omagh 1998
28 2003 Nasiriyah bombing Islamism Iraq Nasiriyah 2003
28 2009 Nevsky Express bombing Islamism Russia Bologoye 2009
28 2006 Varanasi bombings Islamism India Varanasi 2006
27+ 24 January 2011 Iraq bombings Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2011
27+ 2010 Zahedan bombings Islamism Iran Zahedan 2010
27 1994 Baku Metro bombings Islamism Azerbaijan Baku 1994
27 JAT Flight 367 Ustaše Czechoslovakia Srbská Kamenice 1972
26 Lod Airport massacre Islamism Israel Tel Aviv 1972
26 First Jaffa Road bus bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 1996
25+ Assassination of Benazir Bhutto Islamism Pakistan Rawalpindi 2007
25+ February 2010 Karachi bombings Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2010
25 2009 Hotel Shamo bombing Islamism Somalia Mogadishu 2009
25 September 2007 bombings in Rawalpindi Islamism Pakistan Rawalpindi 2007
25 2009 Nazran bombing Islamism Russia Nazran 2009
25 2010 Peshawar bombing Islamism Pakistan Peshawar 2010
25 Tarata bombing Communism Peru Lima 1992
24 2011 Alexandria bombing Islamism Egypt Alexandria 2011
23 2011 Kashgar attacks Islamism China Kashgar 2011
23 2009 Pakistan Army General Headquarters attack Islamism Pakistan Punjab 2009
23 2006 Dahab bombings Islamism Egypt Dahab 2006
23 Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2003
22 Rizal Day bombings Islamism Philippines Metro Manila 2000
22 2004 Khobar massacre Islamism Saudi Arabia Khobar 2004
22 2007 Batna bombing Islamism Algeria Batna 2007
22 2004 Forward Operating Base Marez bombing Islamism Iraq Mosul 2004
22 Canal Hotel bombing Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2003
22 Dizengoff Street bus bombing Islamism Israel Tel Aviv 1994
22 Beit Lid massacre Islamism Israel 1995
21 Kosheh massacre Islamism Egypt Kosheh 2000
21 1987 Hipercor bombing Basque nationalism Spain Barcelona 1987
21 Los Angeles Times bombing Militant Trade Unionism United States Los Angeles 1910
21 Birmingham pub bombings Irish Republicanism United Kingdom Birmingham 1974
21 Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing Islamism Israel Tel Aviv 2001
21 Maxim restaurant suicide bombing Islamism Israel Haifa 2003
20+ Pan Am Flight 73 Islamism Pakistan Karachi 1986
20 2011 Faisalabad bombing Islamism Pakistan Faisalabad 2011
20 2009 Zahedan bombing Islamism Iran Zahedan 2009
20 2011 Mumbai bombings Islamism India Mumbai 2011
19 Patt Junction Bus Bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2002
19 Rome and Vienna airport attacks Islamism Italy, Austria Rome, Vienna 1985
19 Khobar Towers bombing Islamism Saudi Arabia Khobar 1996
19 USS Cole bombing Islamism Yemen Aden 2000
19 2003 Karbala bombings Islamism Iraq Karbala 2003
19 2008 attack on the American Embassy in Yemen Islamism Yemen Sana'a 2008
19 February 2010 Khyber bombing Islamism Pakistan Khyber 2010
18 Pakistan CID building attack Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2010
18 1985 El Descanso bombing Islamism Spain Madrid 1985
18 Christmas Eve 2000 Indonesia bombings Islamism Indonesia Jakarta, Pekanbaru, Medan, Bandung, Batam Island, Mojokerto, Mataram[disambiguation needed], and Sukabumi 2000
18 2007 Zahedan bombings Islamism Iran Zahedan 2007
18 May 2010 Kabul bombing Islamism Afghanistan Kabul 2010
18 February 2010 Kabul attack Islamism Afghanistan Kabul 2010
18 2011 Hotan attack Islamism China Hotan 2011
17 2008 Istanbul bombings Kurdish nationalism Turkey Istanbul 2008
17 Munich massacre Islamism Germany Munich 1972
17 2003 Jordanian embassy bombing in Baghdad Islamism Iraq Baghdad 2003
17 2009 Kabul Indian embassy attack Islamism Afghanistan Kabul 2009
17 2010 Pune bombing Islamism India Pune 2010
17 Haifa bus 37 suicide bombing Islamism Israel Haifa 2003
17 2010 Vladikavkaz bombing Islamism Russia Vladikavkaz 2010
16 2011 Marrakech bombing Islamism Morocco Marrakech 2011
16 2001 Bahawalpur church attack Islamism Pakistan Bahawalpur 2001
16 January 2010 Bajaur bombing Islamism Pakistan Bajaur 2010
16 2009 Lahore police academy attacks Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2009
15 École Polytechnique Massacre Anti-feminism Canada Montreal 1989
15 2011 Imbaba church attacks Islamism Egypt Imbaba 2011
15 Matza restaurant suicide bombing Islamism Israel Haifa 2002
15 Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2001
14 2011 Minsk Metro bombing Islamism Belarus Minsk 2011
14 Karkur junction suicide bombing Islamism Israel 2002
14 2008 Shiraz explosion Islamism Iran Shiraz 2008
13 1999 Istanbul bombings Kurdish nationalism Turkey Istanbul 1999
13 2002 Karachi bus bombing Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2002
13 2009 Fort Hood shooting Islamism United States Texas 2009
13 Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway Aum Shinrikyo Japan Tokyo 1995
13 2006 Moscow market bombing Islamism Russia Moscow 2006
13 Dizengoff Center suicide bombing Islamism Israel Tel Aviv 1996
13 2008 Beni Amrane bombings Islamism Algeria Beni Amrane 2008
13 Oktoberfest terror attack Radical right Germany Munich 1980
12+ 2010 Hakkâri bus attack Kurdish nationalism Turkey Hakkâri Province 2010
12 October 2010 Abuja attacks Islamism Nigeria Abuja 2010
12 2001 Indian Parliament attack Islamism India New Delhi 2001
12 2002 US consulate bombing in Karachi Islamism Pakistan Karachi 2002
12 Remembrance Day bombing Irish Republicanism United Kingdom Enniskillen 1987
12 M62 coach bombing Irish Republicanism United Kingdom Yorkshire 1974
12 December 2009 Lower Dir mosque bombing Islamism Pakistan Lower Dir 2009
12 2010 Kizlyar bombings Islamism Russia Kizlyar 2010
12 2008 Vladikavkaz bombing Islamism Russia Vladikavkaz 2008
11 Nag Hammadi massacre Islamism Egypt Nag Hammadi 2010
11 2002 Zamboanga City bombings Islamism Philippines Zamboanga City 2002
11 1987 Zaragoza Barracks bombing Basque nationalism Spain Zaragoza 1987
11 Deal barracks bombing Irish Republicanism United Kingdom Deal 1989
11 Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings Irish Republicanism United Kingdom London 1982
11 Café Moment bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2002
11 Kiryat Menachem bus bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2002
11 Gaza Street bus bombing Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2004
10 2003 Mumbai train bombing Unknown India Mumbai 2003
10 2007 attack on tourists in Yemen Islamism Yemen Mareb 2007
10 August 2004 Moscow Metro bombing Islamism Russia Moscow 2004
10 2010 Badakhshan massacre Islamism Afghanistan Badakhshan Province 2010
10 February 2010 Lower Dir bombing Islamism Pakistan Lower Dir 2010
9 2007 Ankara bombing Kurdish nationalism Turkey Ankara 2007
9 Camp Chapman attack Islamism Afghanistan Khost Province 2009
9 1991 Vic bombing Basque nationalism Spain Vic 1991
8 2006 Central Mindanao bombings Islamism Philippines Central Mindanao 2006
8 July 2009 Mindanao bombings Islamism Philippines Mindanao 2009
8 2008 Danish embassy bombing in Islamabad Islamism Pakistan Islamabad 2008
8 Toulouse and Montauban shootings Islamism France Toulouse and Montauban 2012
8 1995 Paris Metro bombing Islamism France Paris 1995
8 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team Islamism Pakistan Lahore 2009
8 2010 Stavropol bomb blast Islamism Russia Stavropol 2010
8 2009 UN guest house attack in Kabul Islamism Afghanistan Kabul 2009
8 Mercaz HaRav massacre Islamism Israel Jerusalem 2008
7 October 2013 Volgograd bus bombing Islamism Russia Volgograd 2013
7 1977 Moscow bombings Armenian Nationalism Russia Moscow 1977
7 1972 Aldershot Bombing Irish Republicanism United Kingdom Aldershot 1972
6 April 2005 Cairo terrorist attacks Islamism Egypt Cairo 2005
6 2010 Chechen Parliament attack Islamism Russia Grozny 2010
6 Batasang Pambansa bombing Islamism Philippines Quezon City 2007
6 2009 International Islamic University bombing Islamism Pakistan Islamabad 2009
6 Harrods bombing Irish Republicanism United Kingdom London 1983
6 2003 Red Square bombing Islamism Russia Moscow 2003
6 1993 World Trade Center bombing Islamism United States New York City 1993
5 Boston Marathon bombings Islamism United States Boston 2013
4 16th Street Baptist Church bombing White supremacism United States Birmingham 1963
3 April 2014 Ürümqi attack Islamism China Ürümqi 2014
2 Centennial Olympic Park bombing Anti-Abortionism United States Atlanta 1996
1 2007 Glasgow International Airport attack Islamism United Kingdom Glasgow 2007
1 Murder of Lee Rigby Islamism United Kingdom London 2013

Human sacrifice and mass suicide[edit]

This section lists notable individual episodes of mass suicide or human sacrifice. For tolls arising from the systematic practice of suicide or sacrifice, see Human sacrifice and ritual suicide.

Low
Estimate
High
Estimate
Type Event Group Location Date
80,000 80,400 Mass suicide, murder Battle of Okinawa Japanese civilians Japan 1945
8,000 8,000 Mass suicide Battle of Saipan Japanese civilians Mariana Islands 1944
3,000 80,400 Mass human sacrifice re-consecration of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan Aztecs Templo Mayor, Tenochtitlan 1487
960 960 Mass suicide Siege of Masada Jewish zealots Judea 73
913 913 Mass suicide, murder Jonestown massacre Peoples Temple Guyana 1978
300 1000 Mass suicide Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God Uganda 2000, March
53 53 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple Switzerland, Canada 1994
39 39 Mass suicide Heaven's Gate California 1997
16 16 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple France 1995, December 23

Riot or political demonstration[edit]

Victims Event Country City Date
300,000 Partition of India India Punjab & Bengal 1947
300,000 La Violencia Colombia Country-wide 1948–1960
86,000 1959 Tibetan uprising Tibet (China) Lhasa 1959
30,000 Nika riots Constantinople 532
30,000 La semaine sanglante France Paris 1871
30,000 228 Incident Taiwan (Republic of China) 1947
14,000 Jeju Uprising South Korea Jeju island 1948
13,000 August Uprising Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic 1924
12,000 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising El Salvador 1932
11,000 Romanian Peasants' Revolt Romania 1907
10,000 Kronstadt rebellion Russia Kronstadt 1921
8,000 1984 anti-Sikh riots India New Delhi 1984
7,500 March 1st Movement South Korea Seoul 1919
3,800 Pitchfork Uprising Russia 1920
3,000-60,000 Iranian Revolution[110] Iran 1979
3,000 8888 Uprising Burma / Myanmar 1988
2,000 Banana Massacre Colombia Ciénaga 1928
2,000 Santa María School massacre Chile Iquique 1907
1,104 Romanian Revolution of 1989 Romania Bucharest and major cities 1989
1,000 Bloody Sunday (1905) Russia Saint Petersburg 1905
400 Iranian pilgrim riot Saudi Arabia Mecca 1987
379–1,526 Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) massacre India Amritsar 1919
360+ Telangana movement (Hyderabad) India Hyderabad 1969
300–3,000 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 China Beijing 1989
285 Gordon Riots England 1780
249 1929 Palestine riots British Mandate for Palestine 1929
196 13 May incident Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1969
139 Cartoon Riots 2006
100 Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot" France Paris 1795
100 New York City draft riots United States New York City 1863
95 Riots in Palestine of May (1921) British Mandate for Palestine Jaffa 1921
94 1947 Jerusalem riots Jerusalem 1947
94 July Revolt of 1927 Austria Vienna 1927
84 Riot and crushing during mass arrests Thailand Narathiwat Province 2004
69 Sharpeville massacre South Africa Sharpeville 1960
53 1992 Los Angeles riots United States Los Angeles 1992
50 Champ de Mars massacre France Paris 1791
46 Boipatong massacre South Africa Boipatong 1992
45 Polish 1970 protests Poland Gdynia, Szczecin, Gdańsk, and Elbląg 1970 [74]
43 Attica Prison riot United States Attica, New York 1971
43 1967 Detroit riot United States Detroit 1967
40–50 Midland Revolt England Newton, Northamptonshire 1607
39+ Tulsa race riot United States Tulsa, Oklahoma 1921
36 1964 race riots in Singapore Singapore 1964
34 Watts Riots United States Los Angeles 1965
30–300 Tlatelolco massacre Mexico Mexico City 1968
25 Palingoproer Netherlands Amsterdam 1886
25 Corpus Christi massacre Mexico Mexico City 1971
23–600 Soweto uprising South Africa Soweto 1976
22 Eureka Rebellion Australia Ballarat 1854
20 Ludlow Massacre United States Ludlow, Colorado 1914
18 Maria Hertogh riots Singapore 1950
17 6 February 1934 crisis France Paris 1934
16 Bloody Sunday (1921) Northern Ireland Belfast 1921
14 Bloody Sunday (1972) Northern Ireland Derry 1972
13 Socialist riot (1932) Switzerland Geneva 1932
13 Chinese middle schools riots Singapore 1956
13 Mendiola Street massacre Philippines 1987
11 Peterloo Massacre England Manchester 1819
9 1920 Nebi Musa riots British Mandate for Palestine Jerusalem 1920
9 Fusillade de Fourmies France Fourmies 1891
5 Greensboro massacre United States Greensboro, North Carolina 1979
5 Ådalen shootings Sweden Ådalen 1931
4 Kent State shootings United States Kent, Ohio 1970
4 Hock Lee bus riots Singapore 1955

See also[edit]

Other lists organized by death toll[edit]

Other lists with similar topics[edit]

Topics dealing with similar themes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Sächsische Zeitung (Saxonian Newspaper), April 15, 2010: Mindestzahl der Dresdner Bombenopfer nach oben korrigiert (“lowest number of Dresden raids casualties corrected upwards”)
  2. ^ "The Blitz - A-London-Guide.com". Virtual-london.com. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  3. ^ "Tokyo firebombing victims plan to sue government"
  4. ^ Luke Harding, "Germany's forgotten victims", Guardian 22 October 2003
  5. ^ Sultana: A Tragic Postscript to the Civil War
  6. ^ a b Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships p235, 252
  7. ^ a b Gröner, German Warships: 1815–1945 p. 52.
  8. ^ "M.S. Wilhelm Gustloff - THE SINKING / TRAGEDY". Wilhelmgustloff.com. 1945-01-30. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  9. ^ "GOYA CARGO SHIP 1940-1945 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  10. ^ "ARMENIA PASSENGER SHIP 1928-1941 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  11. ^ "CAP ARCONA OCEAN LINER 1927-1945 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  12. ^ "ZYUNYO MARU CARGO SHIP 1913-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  13. ^ "TOYAMA MARU TROOP TRANSPORT 1915-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  14. ^ "RYUSEI MARU CARGO SHIP 1911-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  15. ^ "TAMATSU MARU CARGO SHIP 1943-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  16. ^ a b "YOSHIDA MARU NO.1 PASSENGER/CARGO SHIP 1919-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  17. ^ "Operation "60,000" – 1944". WorldWar2.ro. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  18. ^ "ORIA CARGO SHIP 1920-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  19. ^ John Asmussen. "Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser / Raider) - Orion". Bismarck-class.dk. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  20. ^ "LANCASTRIA OCEAN LINER 1920-1940 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  21. ^ "URAL MARU PASSENGER SHIP 1929-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  22. ^ "MAYASAN MARU CARGO SHIP 1941-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  23. ^ Koburger, Charles W., Steel Ships, Iron Crosses, and Refugees, Praeger Publishers, NY, 1989, p.7. Koburger also notes that other equally reliable sources put the total embarked at 3,300.
  24. ^ "Imperial Battleships". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  25. ^ "YAMATO BATTLESHIP 1940-1945 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  26. ^ "Yamato Today". Battleshipyamato.info. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  27. ^ "TANGO MARU CARGO SHIP 1926-1944 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  28. ^ "THIELBEK PASSENGER SHIP 1940-1945 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO". Wrecksite.eu. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
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  91. ^ Small, Ken; Rogerson, Mark (1988). The Forgotten Dead - Why 946 American Servicemen Died Off The Coast Of Devon In 1944 - And The Man Who Discovered Their True Story. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 0-7475-0309-5. 
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  110. ^ A Question of Numbers Web: IranianVoice.org August 08, 2003 Rouzegar-Now Cyrus Kadivar

External links[edit]