List of battles fought in New Mexico

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This list of battles fought in New Mexico is an incomplete list of military and other armed confrontations that have occurred within the boundaries of the modern US State of New Mexico since European contact. The region was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain from 1535 to 1682, New France from 1682 to 1762, Kingdom of Spain from 1762 to 1800, French First Republic 1800 to 1803, and Mexico from 1803-1848. Portions of New Mexico were under the administrative control of the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1846. Full administrative control of New Mexico was established on February 2, 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which ended the Mexican–American War.

The Mexican-American War, American Civil War, and Plains Indian Wars all directly affected the region during westward expansion.

Battles[edit]

Name Date Location War Campaign Dead Belligerents
Battle of Hawikku July 7–12, 1540 near Zuni Pueblo Spanish Colonization Cíbola Expedition unknown Kingdom of Spain vs Hawikuh
Pueblo Revolt August 10–21, 1680 throughout Santa Fe de Nuevo México Spanish Colonization 400+[1] Taos, Picuris, Jemez, Kha'p'oo Owinge, Kewa, Tesuque, Ohkay Owingeh & Nambé vs Kingdom of Spain
Recapture of Santa Fe December 29–30, 1693 Santa Fe Spanish Colonization 89[2] Kingdom of Spain & Pecos vs Taos, Picuris, Jemez, Kha'p'oo Owinge, Kewa, Tesuque, Ohkay Owingeh & Nambé
Chimayó Rebellion August 1–9, 1837 Rio Arriba County & Santa Fe County Revolt of 1837 ~23[3] New Mexico rebels & local Pueblo allies vs Mexico
Battle of Santa Fe August 15, 1846 Santa Fe Mexican–American War New Mexico Campaign 0 United States of America vs Mexico
Battle of El Brazito December 25, 1846 near Las Cruces Mexican–American War New Mexico Campaign 43 Mexico vs United States of America
Battle of Cañada January 24, 1847 Santa Cruz Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign 38 United States of America vs Mexico & Pueblo
First Battle of Mora January 24, 1847 Mora Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign 26 United States of America vs Mexico
Second Battle of Mora February 1, 1847 Mora Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign unknown[4] United States of America vs Mexico
Siege of Pueblo de Taos February 3–5, 1847 Taos Pueblo Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign 60+[5] United States of America vs Mexico
Red River Canyon Affair May 26–27, 1847 Red River Canyon Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign 25 United States of America vs Mexico, Pueblo,[6] Apache, Kiowa, & Comanche
Las Vegas Affair July 6, 1847 Las Vegas Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign 10 United States of America vs Mexico
Cienega Affair July 9, 1847 Cienega Creek near Taos Mexican–American War / Taos Revolt New Mexico Campaign 5+[7] United States of America vs Mexico & Pueblo[8]
Battle of Valverde[9] February 20–21, 1862 near Fort Craig American Civil War New Mexico Campaign 389 Confederate States of America vs United States of America
Battle of Glorieta Pass[10] March 26–28, 1862 modern Santa Fe County & San Miguel County American Civil War New Mexico Campaign 331 United States of America vs Confederate States of America
Battle of Albuquerque April 8–9, 1862 Albuquerque American Civil War New Mexico Campaign 1 United States of America vs Confederate States of America
Battle of Peralta April 14, 1862 Peralta American Civil War New Mexico Campaign 5 United States of America vs Confederate States of America
Battle of Pecos River January 4, 1864 near Fort Sumner Navajo Wars ~40 United States of America & Mescalero Apache vs Navajo people
Battle of Mount Gray April 7, 1864 Mount Gray, modern Hidalgo County Apache Wars / American Civil War California Column 21 United States of America vs Apache
Skirmish in Doubtful Canyon May 3, 1864 Hidalgo County Apache Wars / American Civil War California Column 10 United States of America vs Apache

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Native Americans' casualties have not been recorded.
  2. ^ Nine rebels died during the fighting (two by suicide) and the Spanish executed 70 prisoners who had refused to surrender.
  3. ^ Governor Albino Pérez was captured by Kewa warriors as he and his few supporters fled Santa Fe after being unable to find support there. Pérez was decapitated and his head returned to Santa Fe for display. Two other government officials and about 20 of their supporters were also killed; Native American or New Mexicans killed during the revolt have not been recorded.
  4. ^ No U.S. casualties were reported, but 17 Mexicans were reported killed or wounded.
  5. ^ Mexican and Native American casualties are estimated at 150 killed or wounded.
  6. ^ Specific groups have not been identified.
  7. ^ Mexican and Native Americans killed in action is unknown.
  8. ^ Specific groups have not been identified.
  9. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summary: Valverde". National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 
  10. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summary: Glorieta Pass". National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 

See also[edit]