List of beaches in Indonesia

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Kuta Beach in Bali.

Beaches in Indonesia are extensive, characterized by coral reefs, deposits from volcanoes, rich marine biodiversity, strong ocean currents, and associated with diverse cultural traditions. With around 17,500 islands,[1] Indonesia has an intricate coastline of over 80,000 km,[2] the fourth longest in the world.

Indonesia is located in a region of abundant coral reefs known as the Coral Triangle[3] as well as being the country with the most volcanoes in the world.[4] Some beaches are derived from fluvial sands and gravels, others from cliff erosion. Coral reefs form white or yellow sanded beaches, while beach sediments derived from volcanic rocks are typically black or grey, such as those of northern Bali and southern Java. In the granitic zone of the Riau, Bangka and Belitung Islands, white quartz sands as well as granite boulders dominate. Sandy backshores are colonized by coastal vegetation, notably Ipomoea pes-caprae and Spinifex littoreus, then coconut and casuarina trees. Coastal dunes are poorly developed in the humid tropics, but on the southern shores of Java and Sumatra, prograded beaches are backed by dunes, some of which carry woodland vegetation. Large deposits of lava and ash from volcanic eruptions may transport large quantities of pyroclastic sediment down to the coast, such as at Mount Merapi in southern Java and Mount Agung in Bali.[2] The area within the Coral Triangle is associated with rich marine biodiversity.[5] Beaches in the area, such as those that are important turtle nesting beaches, are protected by the government.[6]

Wave action in Indonesian waters is largely generated by local winds, gentle in the equatorial zone but stronger on the northern and southern coasts subject to northeast and southeast trade winds, respectively. Ocean swell moves into the southern coast from the Indian Ocean and to the northern coast from the southwest Pacific, are creating particularly large waves in this area.[2]

Some beaches are considered sacred and ritual processions are held on these. Sea temples are erected on the coasts of Bali, Lombok, and Java to appease the god or goddess of the Sea.[7][8] Some beaches on the southern coast of Java are considered sacred because of their association with the figure of Nyai Roro Kidul, Queen of the Southern Sea. In accordance with Javanese beliefs, people are warned not to wear green clothes on these beaches because the color is sacred to her and wearing it may offend her and cause the person to drown into the sea.[8][9][10] Rituals are enacted on beaches such as Parangtritis, Pangandaran, Karang Bolong, Ngliyep, Puger, and Banyuwangi.[8][10]

Below is a list of notable Indonesian beaches. The list is sorted by provinces roughly west to east, north to south; and then alphabetically by the name of the beach, ignoring the words "beach" or "pantai" (Indonesian "beach"). To avoid mistranslation, the names of the beaches are listed by translating the word pantai into "beach". Translation of other words, such as Tanjung (Indonesian for "cape") or Pasir Putih (Indonesian for "white sand"), are ignored.

Aceh[edit]

Lhôk Mata Ië Beach
Lhôk Mè Beach
Lhok Nga Beach

The most notable beaches for tourism in Aceh are located to the northern tip of the province, near the archipelago of Sabang, the capital city of Banda Aceh and the northern regency of Aceh Besar.[11] Owing to their strategic location during World War II, some of the northern beaches contain bunkers and concrete pillboxes constructed by the Japanese troops.[12]

The western coastal areas of Aceh were among the areas hardest hit by the 2004 tsunami. Many of the pristine beaches and coral reefs were devastated.[13] The area was slowly rebuilt after the disaster and tourism is slowly returning to normal.[14]

Weh Island[edit]

The Weh Island is famous for tourism especially natural tourism. This volcanic island is known for its underwater fumaroles which can be accessed by diving.[15][16] There are many beaches in this island:

    • Gapang Beach. The beach contains the highest variation of accommodation in the Weh Island.[17] The sea of Gapang Beach contains underwater fumaroles called Hydrothermal Point and is suitable for diving[15]
    • Iboih Beach. A few meters from Iboih is the Rubiah islet that is known for its coral reefs and the beach is popular for diving.[18]
    • Kasih Beach[19]
    • Paradiso Beach[19]
    • Sumur Tiga Beach[19]

Aceh Besar Regency[edit]

There are many beautiful beaches in Aceh Besar Regency:

  • Lampu'uk Beach, Lhoknga subdistrict. The beach was devastated by the 2004 Tsunami. The beach has been restored and tourists are returning to the beach.[14]
  • Lhoknga Beach, Lhoknga subdistrict. The beach and the neighboring town of Lhoknga was completely wiped out by the 2004 Tsunami. The beach has been restored and tourists are returning to the beach.[14]
  • Lhok Me Beach in Mesjid Raya subdistrict.
  • Hidden beaches of Ujông Pancu:
    • Lhôk Mata Ië Beach
    • Lhôk Keutapang Cut Beach
    • Lhôk Keutapang Rayek Beach
    • Ië Rah Beach
    • Langè Beach
  • Ujong Batee Beach. The beach is known for the concrete pillboxes constructed by the Japanese during the World War II.[12]

Others[edit]

  • Ujong Blang Beach[20]

North Sumatra[edit]

Notable beaches of North Sumatra province are on the island of Nias and are surfing destinations.[9] Despite the long history of surfing in Nias, international surfing in has slowed down in part due to the 2004 tsunami and following earthquakes.[21] The situation is slowly changing, however.[22]

Riau Islands[edit]

Riau Islands Province being insular in character, contains many beaches. The most notable of these are located in Bintan Island, the largest island in the province. Bintan Resorts contains beach-front International hotels and resorts. Many of the resorts are Singaporean owned and the island is marketed to Singaporeans for whom Bintan is a short ferry trip away. Currently, Indonesian government is promoting Bintan as the next best tourist destination after Bali.[23]

West Sumatra[edit]

The ritual of Tabuik in Gandoriah Beach.

The beaches of West Sumatra are located on the western coast of the province.[11]

Bangka-Belitung Islands[edit]

Parai Tenggiri Beach of Bangka Island.

Bangka-Belitung Islands are known for their white sanded beaches with clear blue water and granite boulders. Granite boulders and white sand quartz that dominate the beaches are associated with the late Paleozoic-early Triassic Era's Granite Belt formation on the western side of Indonesia.[2][33]

Bengkulu[edit]

The beaches of Bengkulu are located on the Indian Ocean western coast of the province.[11]

South Sumatra[edit]

The northern coastline of South Sumatra is mostly covered in mangrove forests with rare well-formed beaches. The water carry large sandy deposits, forming a deltaic plains in the river mouth. Most cities or towns are located to the south of the province.[11]

Lampung[edit]

The beaches of Lampung are located to the east, west, and south of the province.[11] The beaches of the southeast coast in the Sunda Strait were affected by the historical volcano blast of Krakatau in 1883.[2]

  • Bagus Beach, South Lampung[38]
  • Merak Belantung Beach, South Lampung[38]
  • Mutun Beach, Lempasing[11]
  • Sapenan Beach, South Lampung[38]
  • Terbaya Beach, Kota Agung. Hindu people performs the Melasti ritual on Terbaya beach.[11]

Banten[edit]

Large block of coral washed by the tsunami to the beach of Anyer after the Krakatau explosion in 1883.

Notable beaches of Banten are located on the western coast of the province.[11] The coast between Anyer and Labuan is mainly formed by an emerged fringing coral reef.[2] Coral boulders are widespread along the shore, swept in from fringing coral reefs by the 1883 tsunami and deposited on the shore platform and the coastal plain.[2] Monuments are erected on several beach to commemorate the victim of the tsunami.[39]

West Java[edit]

Samudra Beach Hotel and the Cimaja Beach. Samudra Beach Hotel is a historic hotel with one of its room reserved for Nyai Roro Kidul, queen of the southern sea.

The province of West Java contains beaches on both its northern coast and southern coast. The beaches of the northern coast are known for its calm water due to the low wave-energy of the Java Sea.[2] The more notable beaches on the southern coast are known for the big waves and famous for surfing.[9] Some beaches on the southern coast are considered sacred due to their association with Nyai Roro Kidul.[8] The Javanese beliefs warn people not to wear green clothes on these beaches because the color is sacred and wearing one may offend her and cause the person to drown into the sea.[8][9]

The Samudra Beach Hotel, one of the first resort of Indonesia in Pelabuhan Ratu Beach, keeps one of its room, room 308, furnished with green colors as part of the sacred reservation for Nyai Roro Kidul, a sacred figure believed to be the ruler of the Southern Sea.[8][42]

  • Batu Hiu Beach. Batu Hiu translates as "shark rock", it is called so because of a nearby rock formation shaped like a shark's fin.[43]
  • Batu Karas Beach, Batukaras[11]
  • Cijayana Beach, Garut[44]
  • Cimaja Beach, Pelabuhan Ratu Subdistrict, Sukabumi.
  • Karang Hawu Beach, Sukabumi Regency. The beach is one of the sacred beach of Nyai Roro Kidul; the place where Nyai Roro Kidul leapt into the ocean to regain her lost beauty and never returned.[45] A shrine was built on top of the cliff.[45]
  • Karang Paranje Beach, Garut[44]
  • Pangandaran Beach, Pangandaran. The beach is one of the sacred beach of Nyai Roro Kidul.[11]
  • Pelabuhan Ratu Beach, Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. The beach is one of the sacred beach of Nyai Roro Kidul.[11]
  • Rancabuaya Beach, Garut[44][46]
  • Santolo Beach, Garut[44]
  • Ujung Genteng Beach, Sukabumi Regency[47]

Jakarta Special Capital Region[edit]

Festival Beach in North Jakarta.

Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, has a beach on its northern coast in Jakarta Bay. The water of Jakarta Bay is relatively polluted, the result of the poor living condition of the majority of people living along the bay, as well as nutrient inputs from agricultural runoff, industrial pollution, and waste water.[48][49]

The more pristine beaches of Jakarta are located in Thousand Islands, the only regency of Jakarta Special Capital Region. Being located further away from Java island, the islands' beach are less effected by pollution coming from the Jakarta Bay. Being a coral island, the beaches of Thousand Islands are white-sanded.[11]

Central Java[edit]

A giant marine turtle sculpture in Kartini Beach, Jepara.

The beaches of Central Java are located both on the northern and southern coast.[11] Many of the notable beaches are located to the northern coast, known for the relatively calm water of the Java Sea[2]

Yogyakarta (special region)[edit]

Baron Beach with a limestone cliff in the background.

Beaches in Yogyakarta are located on the southern coast.[11] In Gunung Kidul Regency, the beaches are known for its karst formation, forming hills and limestone caves near the beach.[57]

Other notable beaches are the ones around Parangtritis: Parangtritis Beach and Parangkusumo Beach. The sacred Parangkusumo beach is considered as the place where Panembahan Senopati sought the support of the goddess of the Southern Ocean, Nyai Roro Kidul, Queen of the Southern Sea. A procession of the labuhan alit (giving an offering by throwing out certain things to the sea) is done annually on the beach.[8][58] These beaches are also known for the coastal sand dune formations.[59]

East Java[edit]

A temple at Balekambang Beach.

Both the north and south coasts of East Java contain beaches. As with the other provinces of Java, the southern beaches are known for their large waves while the northern beaches are known for their calm waters. Several beaches on the southern coast are considered sacred due to their association with Nyai Roro Kidul.[8]

Bali[edit]

A Balinese funeral procession on a beach.
Kuta main street along the beach of Kuta.
Sanur Beach, southeastern coast of Bali.

Bali is surrounded with beaches and coral reefs. Most of the beaches are variation of tan or grey sanded beaches, while the white sand beaches are not that common. Surf conditions range from limp to torrid, depending on whether there is an offshore reef.[72]

The beach of Bali plays an important part in the Balinese Hindu ritual. Before the day of Nyepi, Hindu worshipers have to perform the Melasti Ritual, which should be enacted in a Balinese temple that is located near the sea (Pura Segara or "Sea Temple"). This is done to purify the sacred objects belonging to several temples, as well as to acquire the sacred water from the sea.[73]

The Pura Segara ("sea temple") is founded by the 16th century Majapahit priest Nirartha to honor the sea deities. Each was intended to be within sight of the next, and several have dramatic locations on the south coast. Some of the well known Pura Segara on the southern coast are: Pura Gede Perancak, Pura Rambut Siwi, Pura Tanah Lot, Pura Luhur Ulu Watu, Pura Mas Suka, Pura Sakenan, and Pura Pulaki.[74]

West Nusa Tenggara[edit]

Gili Meno Beach, Gili Islands, probably the most popular beach in Lombok

The beaches of the islands in the West Nusa Tenggara is less promoted than the neighboring island of Bali. Being surrounded by coral reefs, the white sand beach of the islands are the most notable.[84]

The second largest island of West Nusa Tenggara, Lombok, as well as the closest island to Bali, is gaining more popularity for the western tourists who are looking for a remote island experience.[84]

The largest island of West Nusa Tenggara, the island of Sumbawa, is less promoted and less developed than Lombok, although some of the beaches have become a popular spot for surf culture.[84]

East Nusa Tenggara[edit]

Kanawa Island at the borders of the Komodo Island.

East Nusa Tenggara is the southernmost province of Indonesia. The province consists of many small islands, often divided by deep oceanic trenches. The island's southern coast is affected by the swell of the Indian Ocean and produces large waves popular with surfers.[2]

The relatively isolated position of these islands of the southern part of the Lesser Sunda Islands means that the evolution of life is localized. The most famous of the islands is the Komodo Island, the only island where the Komodo dragon can be found. Climate on this part of Indonesia is the driest climate in Indonesia. This combination of effects create a rare form of beaches in Indonesia: a relatively dry beach surrounded with endemic plants or dry cliffs.[2][89]

West Kalimantan[edit]

Notable beaches of West Kalimantan are located to the south of province, usually in the regencies of Bengkayang, Sambas, and Ketapang Regency.[11]

Central Kalimantan[edit]

Beaches of Central Kalimantan is located to the south of the province.[11]

South Kalimantan[edit]

East Kalimantan[edit]

Manggar Beach near Balikpapan.

Gorontalo[edit]

  • Lahilote Beach, Gorontalo. The white sand beach has a clear calm water and contains a natural landmark which is a rock formed like the palm of a foot. The rock is said to be the footprint of Lahilote, a figure in local folklore.[110]

North Sulawesi[edit]

The black sand beach of Batuputih with Tangkoko Nature Reserve in the background.

The beaches of North Sulawesi are known for their high level of biodiversity due to their location within the Coral Triangle, making them a popular destination for snorkeling and diving.[3]

Central Sulawesi[edit]

Some of the most notable beaches of Central Sulawesi are the beach resorts of Togian Islands, with their characteristic coral reefs and white sanded beaches. Togian is known as the only place in Indonesia with three major reef environments; atoll, barrier, and fringing reefs.[112]

Southeast Sulawesi[edit]

The beaches of Southeast Sulawesi are well known for marine biodiversity and are notable spot for scuba diving.[3]

South Sulawesi[edit]

The beach of Tanjung Bira

The beaches of South Sulawesi are well known for its marine biodiversity and are noted for its scuba diving.[117]

North Maluku[edit]

Being insular in character, beaches are extensive in North Maluku. The beaches are well known for their white sand and calm blue water. The largest island of Maluku, Halmahera, has a yet unexploited potential for diving and beach tourism. Relic of World War II can be found in the white-sand beach of Zum Zum (Sum Sum) Island where locals still look for discarded WWII machine guns, shell casings, and other valuable scrap.[120]

Maluku[edit]

The more notables beaches of Maluku are well known for their white sand and clear water.[120]

West Papua[edit]

One of the notable beaches of West Papua is the beach around Raja Ampat Islands. The sea around Raja Ampat contains the highest recorded marine life diversity on Earth.[127]

Papua[edit]

The southern beaches of Biak were used as landing sites by the United States Army during the Battle of Biak.

The northern coast of Papua is exposed to the Pacific Ocean. There are bordering beaches of sand and gravel, supplied mainly from rivers. Coral reefs are extensive in the northern coast. The southern coast of Papua is mainly covered in extensive swamps and beach formations are limited.[2]

  • Amai Beach, Jayapura[128]
  • Amban Beach, Amban[129]
  • Base-G Beach, Jayapura[128]
  • Beaches of Biak Island. During World War II, the beach in Biak Island was the site of the Battle of Biak, which was the first major tactical use of an ambush by the Japanese during the war.[130]
    • Bosnik Beach[131]
    • Korem Beach. The beach was destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami in 1996; the beach and the surrounding village has been rebuilt.[131][132]
    • Marau Beach[132]
    • Parai Beach. The beach contains a World War II Monument built by the Japanese government.[131]
    • Warsa Beach[132]
  • Hamadi Beach, Jayapura. The beach is the site of a US amphibious landing on April 22, 1944.[128] The beach contains a number of World War II wrecks and a World War II monument.[128]
  • Holtekamp Beach, Jayapura[133]
  • Ketuapi Beach, Yapen[134]
  • Mariadei Beach, Yapen[134]
  • Tanjung Ria Beach, Jayapura[128]

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