List of best-selling automobiles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Best selling automobiles are those passenger cars and light trucks which, since the introduction of the Benz Patent Motorwagen in 1886, can lay claim to being the highest selling vehicles in the markets they compete in.

While references to verify the manufacturers' claims have been included, there is always the possibility of inaccuracy or hyperbole. Also note that a single vehicle can be sold concurrently under several nameplates in different markets, as with for example the Nissan Sunny; in such circumstances manufacturers often provide only cumulative units sold figures for all models. As a result, there is no definitive standard for measuring units sold; Volkswagen has claimed its Beetle as the bestselling car in history as it did not substantially change throughout its production run.[1] By contrast, Toyota has applied the Corolla nameplate to 11 generations since 1966, which have sold over 40 million through July 2013.[2]

World's bestsellers[edit]

Three cars have been widely acknowledged as the "bestselling automobile in the world" since Ford built its millionth Model T on December 10, 1915. The Model T itself remained the highest seller until forty five years after production ceased in 1927. On February 17, 1972 Volkswagen claimed that the Ford had been superseded by the Beetle, when the 15,007,034th was manufactured.[1] Although The Model T has subsequently been credited with 16.5 million units sold, this anomaly is moot in light of the Beetle reaching 21 million.[3]

The Beetle remained the bestselling vehicle until the late 1990s,[4] when it was itself overtaken by the Toyota Corolla.[5] This was an example of the modern practice of applying a brand name across a range of vehicles, and retaining it for marketing purposes even as the car changes.[6] While the first Corolla in 1966 was rear wheel drive and rode on a 2286 mm wheelbase, the current front wheel drive versions share a 2600 mm wheelbase and use a mechanically unrelated platform.

Image Automobile Production Units Sold Years sold Notes
1927 Ford Model-T.
Ford Model T 1908–27 16,500,000.[7] 1908–27 The first car to achieve one million, five million, ten million and fifteen million units sold. By 1914, it was estimated that nine out of every ten cars in the world were Fords.[7]
1961 Volkswagen Type 1 "Beetle". Volkswagen Beetle 1938–2003 21,529,464.[3] 1972–97 The first car to achieve twenty million units sold.[1]
1969 Toyota Corolla.
Toyota Corolla 1966–present 40,000,000[2] 1997–present The 40 million milestone was reached in July 2013.[2]
VAZ-2101.
VAZ-2101 1970–1988 19,300,000[8] 1970–1988 The 2101 was sold in export markets as the Lada 1200, Lada 1300 and Lada 1200S until 1989[9]

National bestsellers[edit]

Sortable and collapsible table
Country Image Automobile Years Sold Notes
 Australia
2009 Ford Falcon XR6 Turbo.
Ford Falcon 1960–present Over 3,000,000.[10]
 Brazil
2007 Volkswagen Gol Plus.
Volkswagen Gol[11] 1980–present Over 4,500,000.[12]
 China
Volkswagen Santana.
Volkswagen Santana 1984–present Over 1,670,000 domestically produced Santana up to 2008.[13]
 France
Fourth generation Renault Clio.
Renault Clio 1991–present 8,535,280 up to 2005.[14]
 Germany
1980 Volkswagen Golf GTI.
Volkswagen Golf[11] 1974–present Over 25,000,000 to 2006.[15]
 India
Hindustan Ambassador
Hindustan Ambassador 1958–present Almost 4,000,000.[16]
 Italy
First generation Fiat Uno.
Fiat Uno 1983–present (1983-1995 in Italy) Approximately 8,800,000 worldwide to 2004.[17]
 Japan
Eleventh generation Toyota Corolla.
Toyota Corolla 1966–present >
 Malaysia Perodua MyVi (front), Kuala Lumpur.jpg Perodua Myvi 2005–present 77,657 at 2010.(or about 1,500,000 since 2005.)[18]
 Poland Polski Fiat 126p rocznik 1973.jpg 126p 1973–2000 3,318,674 in Poland, (plus 126 model - 1,352,912 in Italy; 2,069 in Austria, and an unknown number in Yugoslavia.)[19][20]
 Spain
Seat Ibiza IV 1.4 16V Style front 20100516.jpg
SEAT Ibiza 1984–present 3,949,597 up to 2008.[21]
 Sweden
Volvo 240 station wagon.
Volvo 200 Series 1974–93 2,862,573.[22]
 Turkey
Second generation Renault Symbol.
Renault Symbol 1999–present 260.000 up to 2013.[23][24]
 Ukraine
Zaporozhets.
Zaporozhets 1960–94 3,422,444.[25]
 United Kingdom
1993 Mini Cooper.
Morris Mini 1959–2000 5,505,874.[26]
 United States
2009 Ford F-150.
Ford F-Series 1948–present Over 34,000,000 America's bestselling vehicle for 28 consecutive years;[27] 33,900,000 in 12 generations to May 2010.[27]

Brand bestsellers[edit]

Brand Image Automobile Production Units Sold Notes
Alfa Romeo
1979 Alfasud ti
Alfa Romeo Alfasud 1972–1989 1,017,387.[28]
Alpine
Alpine-Renault A310
Alpine A310 1971–1984 11,616.[29]
American Motors
AMC Hornet.
AMC Hornet 1970–77 Approximately 860,000.[30][31]
Aston Martin
Aston Martin DB7 Volante.
Aston Martin DB7 1993–2003 7,000[32][33]
Autobianchi
1973 Autobianchi A112 E.
Autobianchi A112 1969–1986 1,254,178.[34]
BMW
First generation BMW 3 Series coupé.
BMW 3 Series 1975–present Over 9,500,000 to 2005.[35]
Buick
1986 Buick LeSabre.
Buick LeSabre 1959–2005 Over 6,000,000.[36]
Bugatti
1929 Bugatti Typ 40 Grand Sport Tourer.
Bugatti Type 40 1926–30 Approximately 800.[37]
Cadillac
Cadillac De Ville.
Cadillac De Ville 1959–2005 Approximately 3,870,000 excluding early Series 62 hardtops, 1981–1988, 1991–93, and 2000-05. (Total production for 1981–1988, 1991–93 and 2000-05 is unknown but a good guess is over 1,300,000.)[30][31]
Checker
Checker Marathon.
Checker Marathon 1961–82 10,559 not counting taxicabs and private sales for 1961-63, 1976 and 1980-82 (private sales for 1961-62, 1976 and 1980-82 are unknown).[30][31]
Chevrolet
1965 Chevrolet Impala.
Chevrolet Impala 1958–present Over 13,000,000 to 1996.[38]
Chrysler
1961 Chrysler Newport.
Chrysler Newport 1961–81 Approximately 1,920,000 (excluding early Newport hardtops).[30][31]
Citroën
First generation Citroën 2CV.
Citroën 2CV 1948–90 3,872,583. Including commercial variants, the total figure is approximately nine million[39]
Continental
Continental Mark II.
Continental Mark II 1956–57 3,012 (only car produced by the short lived Continental division of the Ford Motor Company).[30]
Crosley
1948 Crosley.
Crosley 1939–42
1946–49
62,210 before introduction of series names in 1950 (does not include 1949 Hot Shot).[30][40]
DeSoto
Dodge DeSoto Custom.
DeSoto Custom 1939–42
1946–52
Approximately 570,000.[30][40]
De Tomaso
De Tomaso Pantera.
De Tomaso Pantera 1970–1991 7,260 produced over a single generation [41]
Eagle
Eagle Talon.
Eagle Talon 1990–98 Approximately 200,000.[42]
Edsel
1959 Edsel Ranger.
Edsel Ranger 1958–60 50,803.[30]
Excalibur
Excalibur Series II.
Excalibur Series II 1970-82 2,230.[43]
Facel
1961 Facel Vega Facellia
Facellia 1960–1964 1,500[44]
Ferrari
Ferrari 360 Spider.
Ferrari 360 1999–2004 Over 17,000 coupés and convertibles.[45]
Fiat
First generation Fiat Uno.
Fiat Uno 1983–present Approximately 8,800,000 worldwide to 2004. Sold over six million in Western Europe before being replaced by the Punto in 1995, while production continued in South Africa, Poland and Brazil.[17]
Ford
1955 Ford F-100.
Ford F-Series 1948–present Over 34,000,000 America's bestselling vehicle for 28 consecutive years;[27] 33,900,000 in 12 generations to May 2010.[27]
Frazer Frazer Standard 1947–51 Approximately 90,000.[30]
Henry J
1951 Henry J.
Henry J Deluxe 1951 43,400.[30]
Hindustan
Hindustan Ambassador.
Hindustan Ambassador 1958–present Almost 4,000,000.[16]
Holden
Holden VB Commodore.
Holden Commodore 1978–present 2,400,000 to 2006.[46]
Honda
First generation Honda Civic.
Honda Civic 1972–present Over 16,500,000 to May 2006.[47]
Hudson
Hudson Super.
Hudson Super 1916–26
1940–42
1946–50
Approximately 600,000 not counting 1916-17 and 1940-42. (Production for 1916-17 and 1940-42 is unknown but a reasonable guess is about 80,000.)[30][40]
Imperial
1966 Imperial Crown convertible.
Imperial Crown 1957–70 Approximately 127,000.[30]
Jaguar
1972 Jaguar XJ12.
Jaguar XJ 1968–present 800,000 up to 2005.[48]
Jeep
2000 Jeep Cherokee.
Jeep Cherokee (XJ) 1984–present 2,884,172 in North America until 2001; production continues in China.[49]
Kaiser
Kaiser Deluxe
Kaiser Deluxe 1949–53 Approximately 130,000.[30]
Lada/AvtoVAZ Lada Riva 1500. Lada Riva
VAZ-2105/04/07
1980–present 13,500,000 until exports to Europe were discontinued in 1997. Production continues in both Russia and Egypt.[50]
Lagonda 11, 11.9, 12 and 12/24 1913–26 over 6,000 [51]
Land Rover Defender 110 Series/Defender 1948–present over 2,000,000 (approx) Production scheduled to end in 2015.[52]
Lamborghini
2007 Lamborghini Gallardo.
Lamborghini Gallardo 2004–2013 14,022 coupés and convertibles to November 2013.[53]
Lancia
2012 Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Ypsilon 1996–present over 870,000 to 2005.[54]
Lincoln
Lincoln Town Car.
Lincoln Town Car 1981–2011 Approximately 2,290,000 not counting 2005-2011. (Production of 2005-2011 is unknown but a reasonable guess is about 160,000.)[31][55]
Lotus
Lotus Elise 111S.
Lotus Elise 1996–present over 20,000 produced over two generations to December 2004.[56]
McLaren
2012 McLaren MP4-12C.
McLaren 12C 2011–2014 1000th sold by June 2012 in a single generation.[57]
Mazda
Mazda 323 Turbo.
Mazda Familia 1963–2003 Over 10,000,000 up to 1995.[58]
Mercedes-Benz
Merceds-Benz C-Class.
Mercedes-Benz C-Class 1993–present 6,900,000 to November 2006.[59]
Mercury
2006-2011 Mercury Grand Marquis
Mercury Grand Marquis 1983–2011 2,687,888 from 1983-2009 (excludes 2010-2011 models); also excludes approximately 270,000 1975-82 Grand Marquis built as part of the Marquis series.[30][31][60]
Messerschmitt
1955 Messerschmitt KR200.
Messerschmitt KR200 1955–1964 30,286
Metropolitan
1959 Metropolitan
Metropolitan 1958–61 55,215 as a separate marque under AMC.[61]
Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution VI TME.
Mitsubishi Lancer 1973–present Over 6,000,000 to the end of 2006.[62]
Nash
Nash Statesman.
Nash Statesman 1950–56 Approximately 340,000.[30]
Nissan
1972 Datsun 1200.
Nissan Sunny/Sentra/Pulsar/Almera 1966–present Over 15,900,000.[50] Ten generations, and four nameplates depending on marketplace.
Oldsmobile
Image:1971 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme convertible.
Oldsmobile Cutlass 1961–99 11,900,000 across several platforms and generations.[63]
Opel
First generation Opel Corsa, sold in the United Kingdom as a Vauxhall Nova.
Opel Corsa 1982–present Over 18,000,000 sold worldwide in 25 years and in 4 generations. 10 million of them were sold only in Europe.[64]
Packard
Packard Eight.
Packard Eight 1933–36
1938
1942
1948–50
Approximately 250,000.[30][40]
Peel
1965 Peel Trident.
Peel Trident 1965–66 82 in a single generation.[65]
Perodua Perodua MyVi (front), Kuala Lumpur.jpg Perodua Myvi 2005–present 77,657 at 2010. (or about 1,500,000 since 2005.)[18]
Peugeot
Peugeot 206.
Peugeot 206 1998–2012 Approximately 5,400,000 to 2006.[66]
Plymouth
Plymouth Fury III convertible.
Plymouth Fury 1959–78 Approximately 3,680,000 (counting VIPs, but not counting 1959 and 1962 Sport Furys and 1975-77 Gran Furys).[30][31]
Pontiac
2005 Pontiac Grand Am.
Pontiac Grand Am 1973–75, 1978–80, 1985–2005 Over 4,000,000.[67]
Porsche
Porsche 911 SC.
Porsche 911 1963–present 820,000 produced up to 2013.[68]
Rambler
Rambler Classic.
Rambler Classic 1961–66 Approximately 1,460,000 (including those produced in 1966 under AMC).[30][31]
Renault
Third generation Renault Clio.
Renault Clio 1991–present 8,535,280 up to 2005.[14]
Rolls-Royce
Rolls Royce Silver Shadow
Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow 1965–80 29,030 produced over a single generation.[69]
Saab
1985 Saab 900CD.
Saab 900 1978–93 908,810.[70]
Saturn
Saturn SL
Saturn S-Series 1991–2002 Approximately 2,210,000 not counting 2002 (sales of 2002 are unknown).[71]
SEAT
SEAT Ibiza Mk4 (2008).
SEAT Ibiza 1984–present 3,949,597 up to 2008.[21] The sales of the fourth generation of the SEAT Ibiza, as well as those of its derivatives (such as the SEAT Córdoba and the SEAT Inca, or the rebadged versions) are not included in the figures.
Simca
Simca 1100.
Simca 1100 1967–1982 2,139,400 Figures include a small numer of complete knock down (CKD) kits and commercial versions.[72]
Smart
2004 Smart Fortwo
Smart Fortwo 1998– Over 1,500,000 by mid-2013.[73]
Studebaker
Studebaker Champion.
Studebaker Champion 1939–42
1946–58
Approximately 1,320,000.[30][40]
Subaru
Third generation Subaru Legacy.
Subaru Legacy 1988–present Over 3,000,000 to 2005.[74]
Škoda
Škoda Octavia 1st generation after facelift
Škoda Octavia 1996–present Over 2,000,000 to 2007.[75]
Toyota
A 1976 Toyota Corolla.
Toyota Corolla 1966–present 40,000,000 through July 2013.[2]
Tesla Motors
Tesla Model S
Tesla Model S 2012–present 12,700 through June 2013.[76]
Trabant
1983 Trabant P601.
Trabant 1957–91 Over 3,000,000.[77]
Volkswagen
Mk.1 Volkswagen Golf.
Volkswagen Golf 1974–present 30,000,000 by mid June 2013.[78] Became Volkswagen's bestseller in 2002.
Volvo
Volvo 240 sedan.
Volvo 200 Series 1974–93 2,862,573.[22]
Willys
1936 Willys 77.
Willys 77 1933–36 Approximately 68,000.[79]
ZAZ
Zaporozhets.
Zaporozhets 1960–94 3,422,444.[25]

Class bestsellers[edit]

Class Image Automobile Production Units Sold Notes
All-electric car
Nissan Leaf.
Nissan Leaf 2010–present 125,000 sold by July 2014.[80] The world's bestselling all-electric car in history.[81]
Full-size car
1958 Chevrolet Impala.
Chevrolet Impala 1958–1985
1994–1996
2000–present
Over 13,000,000 between its introduction and 1996.[38] The bestselling car in America in a single year, with 1,046,514 sold in 1965 including the Impala SS.[30]
Hybrid electric vehicle
A second generation Toyota Prius.
Toyota Prius 1997–present 3,166,600 in three generations up to December 2013.[82] The world's best selling hybrid electric vehicle.
Pickup truck
Ford F-150 SVT Lightning.
Ford F-Series 1948–present Over 34,000,000 America's bestselling vehicle for 28 consecutive years;[27] 33,900,000 in 12 generations to May 2010.[27] World's bestselling truck for thirty consecutive years.[83]
Plug-in hybrid
Chevrolet Volt.
Chevrolet Volt 2010–present 77,000 sold by June 2014.[84] The world's bestselling plug-in hybrid.
Sales figure includes almost 9,200 Opel/Vauxhall Ampera models sold in Europe.[85][86][87]
Full-size luxury car
Cadillac De Ville.
Cadillac De Ville 1959–2005 Approximately 3,870,000 excluding early Series 62 hardtops, 1981–1988, 1991–93, and 2000-05. (Total production for 1981–1988, 1991–93 and 2000-05 is unknown but a good guess is over 1,300,000.)[30][31]
Racing car
Porsche 997 GT3 Cup.
Porsche 997 GT3 Cup 2005–2011 1,400 in a single generation[88]
Rotary engined car
A first-generation Mazda RX-7.
Mazda RX-7 1978–2002 811,634 in three generations to 2005.[89]
Single-cylinder car
BMW Isetta.
Iso/BMW/VELAM/Romi Isetta 1953–61 161,728 in all variations[90]
Sports car
1970 Datsun 240Z.
Nissan Z-cars 1969–99
2003–present
1,535,000 in five generations up to 2005.[91]
Two-seat convertible sports car
A first generation Mazda Eunos.
Mazda MX-5 1989–present Almost 750,000 in the first two generations to 2005.[92] Verified by the Guinness Book of Records as the bestselling two-seater, convertible (open top) sports car in history.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Twenty million built and still going strong", Bill Vance, Carguide
  2. ^ a b c d Jeffrey N. Ross (2013-09-07). "Toyota says you might have the 40-millionth Corolla ever built". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  3. ^ a b "The 21,529,464th, and Last, Beetle", New York Times, July 31, 2003
  4. ^ "Top 5 Best-Selling Cars Ever", Timeforkids.com, January 23, 1998
  5. ^ " Toyota Corolla", John Pearley Huffman, Edmunds.com, January 5, 2003
  6. ^ "Toyota Corolla: The World's Favourite Car", Sean O'Grady, The Independent, September 25, 2006
  7. ^ a b "Ford Nameplates Join Five Million Club", Mike O'Neill, Ford Motor Company press release, May 5, 2004
  8. ^ Giles Chapman. "Top 10: bestselling cars of all time | Sunday Times Driving". Driving.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  9. ^ "UK Lada history". Lada-owners-club.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  10. ^ "Ford Falcon Celebrates 45 Years on the Road", World Car Fans, June 28, 2005
  11. ^ a b The Volkswagen Golf is not to be confused with Volkswagen Gol.
  12. ^ VW Brasil official site
  13. ^ "New Powers in Motor-dom", Driving, October 2008: 39 
  14. ^ a b "Renault’s New Clio III"; GreenCarCongress.com, June 26, 2005
  15. ^ "Volkswagen Rabbit Springs into New York - Just in Time for Easter", VW.com, April 10, 2006
  16. ^ a b "Importer plans soft top Indian car", BBC News, August 5, 2004
  17. ^ a b "Positive Results for Ford, Fiat", Barbara McClellan, Ward's AutoWorld, May 23, 2005
  18. ^ a b "Market Report for 2010 (Models)", Motor Trader, 2 FebrUary 2011
  19. ^ "Wiki 126p", Wiki 126p article, 2 February 2013
  20. ^ "Fiat 126 - krótka historia". Motofakty.pl. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  21. ^ a b "SEAT Ibiza, a 25 year success story", SEAT.com, May 7, 2009
  22. ^ a b Volvo Car Production Statistics, Volvo Owners' Club
  23. ^ [1]; radikal.com.tr, National newspaper, June 26, 2008
  24. ^ [2]; internethaber.com, National newspaper, July 26, 2013
  25. ^ a b "ZAZ", Motorbase.com
  26. ^ " Mini: The world's favourite small car?", Ian Nicholls, Austin-Rover.co.uk, October 27, 2005
  27. ^ a b c d e f [3], Auto Express Magazine, May 2010
  28. ^ "History of Alfasud". Carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  29. ^ "A310". Renaultalpineownersclub.com. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Kowalke, Ron (1997). Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946–1975. Krause publications. ISBN 0-87341-521-3. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i Flammang, James Standard Catalog of American Cars 1976–1999 3rd Edition (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, Inc 1999)
  32. ^ "Aston Martin New Zealand". Astonmartin.co.nz. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  33. ^ "Heritage - Heritage Cars - DB7 Vantage". Aston Martin. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  34. ^ "The Autobianchi information site". The Etceterini pages at CarsFromItaly.com. Archived from the original on 2005-02-09. Retrieved 2006-08-03.  (accessed via the Wayback Machine)
  35. ^ "BMW 3-Series (1975)", Mark Wan, AutoZine
  36. ^ Buick LeSabre, Edmunds.com, 2005
  37. ^ http://www.bugatti.com/en/tradition/bugatti-models/t40.html
  38. ^ a b "American Car Profile", Marit Anne Peterson, SportsCarMarket.com, August 2006
  39. ^ Overview of Citroën 2CV, Motorbase.com
  40. ^ a b c d e Kimes, Beverly (1996). standard catalog of American Cars 1805-1942. Krause publications. ISBN 0-87341-428-4. 
  41. ^ "The Cars: Yesterday:pantera". detomaso.it/gb/. Retrieved 2008-08-09. [dead link]
  42. ^ Flammang, James (1999). Standard Catalog of American Cars 1976-1999. Krause publications. ISBN 0-87341-755-0. 
  43. ^ Flammang, James (1999). 100 Years of the American Auto: Millennium Edition. Publications International. ISBN 0-7853-3484-X. 
  44. ^ http://www.allpar.com/cars/adopted/facel-vega.html
  45. ^ "All-Aluminum Ferrari F430 To Replace 360 Modena", Aluminium Now, Vol. 6, no.6, November/December 2004
  46. ^ "GM Holden Launches Production of New Commodore Range", Alan Harman, Ward's AutoWorld, July 19, 2006
  47. ^ "How the Honda Civic got its groove back", Joe Guy Collier, Detroit Free Press, May 15, 2006
  48. ^ "2005 Jaguar XJS Supercharged V8 Review". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  49. ^ "Jeep Cherokee(XJ) 1984 to 2001", XJFreak.com website
  50. ^ a b "Sentra: One of the Best Selling Cars in Automotive History", Nissan Philippines website press release
  51. ^ Baldwin, N. (1994). A-Z of Cars of the 1920s. Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-53-2. 
  52. ^ [4], End of Land Rover Defender production
  53. ^ "Automobili Lamborghini starts the year with production record of five thousandth Gallardo". lambocars.com. January 22, 2007. 
  54. ^ "5 million vehicles assembly in Fiat Melfi's plant". Omniauto.it. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  55. ^ Town Car sales figures (1994-2005), Forbes, July 17, 2006
  56. ^ "20,000th ELISE DRIVES OFF PRODUCTION LINE", December 20, 2004
  57. ^ http://www.carsuk.net/mclaren-automotive-first-anniversary-1000-mclaren-mp4-12c-sold-and-counting/
  58. ^ "MAZDA:1990-1999 | History", Mazda.com
  59. ^ " Mercedes-Benz passes 25 million passenger cars", MotorAuthority.com, November 15, 2006
  60. ^ [5] Production total included in timeline
  61. ^ "Nash Metropolitan". Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  62. ^ "All new 2008 Lancer", AllnewLancer.ca
  63. ^ "Final Cutlass Produced", Autointell.net, June 7, 1999
  64. ^ [6], September 28, 2007
  65. ^ http://www.rmauctions.com/lots/lot.cfm?lot_id=1057194
  66. ^ "The New Peugeot 206 Look", Carpages.co.uk, August 23, 2006
  67. ^ Pontiac G6 New Car Report, Autozine.org, January 19, 2005
  68. ^ "Porsche 911 turns 50". PistonHeads. 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  69. ^ The Rolls-Royce Motor Car. Anthony Bird and Ian Hallows. Batsford Books. 2002 ISBN 0-7134-8749-6
  70. ^ "Saab Reaches Four Million Production Milestone", Carpages.co.uk, June 27, 2005
  71. ^ "Saturn S-Series". Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  72. ^ "Development of Simca 1100 cars". Rootes-Chrysler.co.uk. Retrieved 2006-08-10. 
  73. ^ http://www.autoblog.com/2013/07/18/smart-celebrates-a-million-half-fortwo-prepares-for-upgrade/
  74. ^ "Legacy production reaches three million", Subaru press release, March 15, 2005
  75. ^ "The new Škoda Octavia, Škoda Auto
  76. ^ Jeff Cobb (2013-08-07). "Tesla Announces Q2 Financial Results". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  77. ^ "Trabant Canada". Trabant.ca. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  78. ^ "30 millionth VW Golf rolls off assembly line in Wolfsburg". Green Car Congress. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  79. ^ [cite web|url=http://clubs.hemmings.com/clubsites/wokr/gallery/wil_hist.htm%7Cdate= |accessdate=2012-02-20]
  80. ^ Nissan USA News Release (2014-07-23). "Nissan offers free charging for new LEAF buyers in Los Angeles". Nissan News. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  81. ^ Guinness World Records (2012). "Best-selling electric car". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  82. ^ Toyota News Release (2014-01-14). "Worldwide Sales of Toyota Hybrids Top 6 Million Units". Toyota USA. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  83. ^ "America's Best Selling, Most Capable Pickups Add More Choices And More Innovative Features For 2008", Ford Motor Company press release, August 6, 2007
  84. ^ Cobb, Jeff (2014-07-09). "Plug-In Car Sales Cross Global Half-Million Mark". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  85. ^ Mat Gasnier (2013-02-10). "Europe Full Year 2012: Now with Top 350 models & Top 60 brands". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2013-02-13.  Ampera sales in Europe totaled 5,268 units in 2012 and 304 in 2011.
  86. ^ Mike Colias (2014-07-21). "Opel will discontinue weak-selling Ampera, sources say". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved 2014-07-23.  Ampera sales in Europe totaled 3,184 units in 2013.
  87. ^ Mat Gasnier (2014-08-05). "Europe June 2014: Discover the Top 340 models and Top 55 brands". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2014-08-07.  Ampera sales in Europe totaled 433 units during the first half of 2014.
  88. ^ "Cars - GT3 Cup Challenge Great Britain". porsche.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  89. ^ Mazda RX-8 and Rotary Community » Mazda Rotary Engine History[dead link]
  90. ^ "Isetta: Ein Auto bewegt die Welt"(Authors = Andy Schwietzer & Manfred Seehusen)
  91. ^ "Nissan 350Z Passes 1.5 Million in Sales; Enhanced for 2006 Model Year", TheAutoChannel.com, August 15, 2005
  92. ^ "Mazda Recharges the Miata", Mark Scott, BusinessWeek, August 3, 2006