List of bids for the Winter Olympics

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The Winter Olympics are a multi-sport event in winter sports organized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) every four years. Selection of the host city is done at an IOC Session four to seven years prior to the tournament, in which the IOC members vote between candidate cities which have submitted bids. As of the selection of the 2018 Olympics, 23 games have been held in 20 cities in 11 countries. Bids have been made by 56 cities in 23 countries.

The bid process consists of two rounds. First, cities and national Olympic committees (NOCs) may show their interest and submit a preliminary bid, becoming applicant cities. Through analysis of the questionnaires, the IOC gave a weighted-average score to each city based on the scores obtained in each of the questionnaire's eleven themes: political and social support, general infrastructure, sports venues, Olympic Village, environment, accommodation, transport, security, past experience, finance, and legacy. IOC's Executive Committee then selects a short-list of candidate cities. The candidate cities are investigated by the IOC Evaluation Committee, who make an evaluation report. These submit a more extensive bid book and are subject to additional evaluation, which is presented to the IOC members. Voting occurs as an exhaustive ballot, which may occur through multiple rounds until a single city holds a majority of the votes. IOC members from a candidate NOC may not vote in any round while their country remains in the election.

The first games were not subject to bids and awarded to Chamonix as part of Paris' bid for the 1924 Summer Olympics. Originally the host country of the Summer Olympics had the right to host the Winter Olympics as well, if they could provide a suitable host. The 1940 Olympics were originally awarded to Sapporo, but it and the 1944 Winter Olympics were ultimately canceled due to the Second World War. The 1976 Olympics were awarded to Denver, but in a 1972 referendum, voters rejected the games, and for the only time a city awarded the Games rejected them.[1] IOC then offered them to Whistler, but a change of government meant they were no longer interested. Salt Lake City offered to host the games, but IOC finally chose Innsbruck instead. From 1994, Winter Olympics were held between Summer Olympic years.Starting with the 2004 Olympics, only the highest-rated cities are short-listed for the final IOC vote.[2]

Innsbruck, Lake Placid and St. Moritz are the only cities to have hosted two games. Albertville, Grenoble, Nagano and Turin have never lost a bid. With six, Lake Placid has the most bids, followed by Cortina d'Ampezzo with five. Montreal and Jaca have both made four bids without any being successful. Helsinki, Minneapolis, Montreal and Munich have bid for both Summer and Winter Olympics; all but Minneapolis have succeeded at winning Summer bids, but none have held Winter Olympics. Both Canada and the United States have bid twelve times, with the US being awarded five (including Denver) and Canada two games. Other counties to hold multiple games are three in France and two each in Austria, Italy, Japan, Norway and Switzerland. Of unsuccessful countries, Sweden has six consecutive and Finland five bids.[2]

By year[edit]

The following is a list of bids for the Winter Olympics, sorted by year. It consists of the year the games were held or scheduled to be held, the date the decision was made, the city and country which issued the bid, the votes at the IOC Session for each voting round, and the ultimate host of the games. The bid listed first for each games is the one selected by the IOC, whether or not it ultimately hosted the games.[2]

Year Session Bid(s) Vote Host
City Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5 Round 6
1924 France Chamonix
1928 St. Moritz   Switzerland Switzerland St. Moritz
Davos   Switzerland
Engelberg   Switzerland
1932 4 October 1929 Lake Placid  United States United States Lake Placid
Bear Mountain  United States
Denver  United States
Duluth  United States
Lake Tahoe  United States
Minneapolis  United States
Montreal  Canada
Oslo  Norway
Yosemite Valley  United States
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Nazi Germany Germany Nazi Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Montreal  Canada
St. Moritz   Switzerland
1940 31 August 1936 Sapporo  Japan Japan Cancelled
1944 Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 16 Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo (cancelled)
Montreal  Canada 12
Oslo  Norway 2
1948 St. Moritz   Switzerland Switzerland St. Mortiz
Lake Placid  USA
1952 21 June 1947 Oslo  Norway 16 Norway Oslo
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 9
Lake Placid  United States 2
1956 28 April 1949 Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 31 Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo
Montreal  Canada 7
Colorado Springs  United States 2
Lake Placid  United States 1
1960 16 June 1955 Squaw Valley  United States 30 32 United States Squaw Valley
Innsbruck  Austria 24 30
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  West Germany 3
St. Moritz   Switzerland 3
Karachi  Pakistan 0
1964 26 May 1959 Innsbruck  Austria 49 Austria Innsbruck
Calgary  Canada 9
Lahti  Finland 0
1968 28 January 1964 Grenoble  France 15 18 27 France Grenoble
Calgary  Canada 12 19 24
Lahti  Finland 11 14
Sapporo  Japan 6
Oslo  Norway 4
Lake Placid  United States 3
1972 25 April 1966 Sapporo  Japan 32 Japan Sapporo
Banff  Canada 16
Lahti  Finland 7
Salt Lake City  United States 7
1976 12 May 1970 Denver  United States 29 29 39 United States Denver
Austria (Innsbruck)
Sion   Switzerland 18 31 30
Tampere  Finland 12 8
Vancouver  Canada 9
1980 13 October 1974 Lake Placid  United States United States Lake Placid
1984 18 May 1978 Sarajevo  Yugoslavia 31 39 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sarajevo
Sapporo  Japan 33 36
Gothenburg  Sweden 10
1988 30 September 1981 Calgary  Canada 35 48 Canada Calgary
Falun  Sweden 25 31
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 18
1992 16 October 1986 Albertville  France 19 26 29 42 51 France Albertville
Sofia  Bulgaria 25 25 28 24 25
Falun  Sweden 10 11 11 11 41
Lillehammer  Norway 10 11 9 11 40
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 7 6 7
Anchorage  United States 7 5
Berchtesgaden  West Germany 6
1994 15 September 1988 Lillehammer  Norway 25 30 45 Norway Lillehammer
Östersund  Sweden 19 33 39
Anchorage  United States 23 22
Sofia  Bulgaria 17
1998 15 June 1991 Nagano  Japan 21 30 36 46 Japan Nagano
Salt Lake City  United States 15 59 27 29 42
Östersund  Sweden 18 25 23
Jaca  Spain 19 5
Aosta  Italy 15 29
2002 16 June 1995 Salt Lake City  United States 54 United States Salt Lake City
Östersund  Sweden 14
Sion   Switzerland 14
Quebec City  Canada 7
Graz  Austria
Jaca  Spain
Poprad-Tatry  Slovakia
Sochi  Russia
Tarvisio  Italy
2006 19 June 1999 Turin  Italy 53 Italy Turin
Sion   Switzerland 36
Helsinki  Finland
Klagenfurt  Austria
Poprad-Tatry  Slovakia
Zakopane  Poland
2010 2 July 2003 Vancouver  Canada 40 56 Canada Vancouver
Pyeongchang  South Korea 51 53
Salzburg  Austria 16
Andorra la Vella  Andorra
Bern   Switzerland
Harbin  China
Jaca  Spain
Sarajevo  Bosnia and Herzegovina
2014 4 July 2007 Sochi  Russia 34 51 Russia Sochi
Pyeongchang  South Korea 36 47
Salzburg  Austria 25
Almaty  Kazakhstan
Borjomi  Georgia
Jaca  Spain
Sofia  Bulgaria
2018 6 July 2011 Pyeongchang  South Korea 63 South Korea Pyeongchang
Munich  Germany 25
Annecy  France 7

By city[edit]

The following is a list of bids submitted by city. It lists the national Olympic committee, the city, and the games for which failed and successful bid were submitted. A parenthesis indicates that the city was awarded the games without a bidding process. A dagger (dagger) indicates that the city was awarded the games, but that they were ultimately not held in the city, either because the games were canceled or moved. An asterix (*) indicates that the bid was not shortlisted.[2]

Country City Failed bids Successful bids
Andorra Andorra la Vella 2010*
Austria Graz 2002*
Austria Innsbruck 1960 1964, (1976)
Austria Klagenfurt 2006*
Austria Salzburg 2010, 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina/Yugoslavia Sarajevo 2010* 1984
Bulgaria Sofia 1992, 1994, 2014*
Canada Banff 1972
Canada Calgary 1964, 1968 1988
Canada Montreal 1932, 1936, 1944, 1956
Canada Quebec City 2002
Canada Vancouver 1976, 1980 2010
China Harbin 2010*
Finland Helsinki 2006*
Finland Lahti 1964, 1968, 1972
Finland Tampere 1976
France Albertville 1992
France Annecy 2018
France Chamonix (1924)
France Grenoble 1968
Georgia Borjomi 2014*
Germany Berchtesgaden 1992
Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1960 1936
Germany Munich 2018
Italy Aosta 1998
Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo 1944, 1952, 1988, 1992 1956
Italy Torino 2006
Japan Nagano 1998
Japan Sapporo 1968, 1984 1972
Kazakhstan Almaty 2014*
Norway Lillehammer 1992 1994
Norway Oslo 1932, 1944, 1968 1952
Pakistan Karachi 1960
Poland Zakopane 2006*
Russia Sochi 2002* 2014
Slovakia Poprad-Tatry 2006*
South Korea Pyeongchang 2010, 2014 2018
Spain Jaca 1998, 2002*, 2010*, 2014*
Sweden Falun 1988, 1992
Sweden Gothenburg 1984
Sweden Östersund 1994, 1998, 2002
Switzerland Bern 2010*
Switzerland Davos 1928
Switzerland Engelberg 1928
Switzerland Sion 1976, 2002, 2006
Switzerland St. Moritz 1936, 1960 1928, 1948
United States Anchorage 1992, 1994
United States Bear Mountain 1932
United States Colorado Springs 1956
United States Denver 1932 1976dagger
United States Duluth 1932
United States Lake Placid 1948, 1952, 1956, 1968 1932, 1980
United States Lake Tahoe 1932
United States Minneapolis 1932
United States Salt Lake City 1972, 1998 2002
United States Squaw Valley 1960
United States Yosemite Valley 1932

By country[edit]

The following is a list of bids submitted by national Olympic committee, listing the country and years it bid. Only countries which submitted bids with multiple cities are included. Successful bids are in boldface. A parenthesis indicates that the city was awarded the games without a bidding process. A dagger (dagger) indicates that the city was awarded the games, but that they were ultimately not held in the city, either because the games were canceled or moved.[2]

Country Years
Austria 1960, 1964, (1976), 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014
Canada 1932, 1936, 1944, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010
Finland 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 2006
France (1924), 1968, 1992, 2018
Germany 1936, 1960, 1992, 2018
Italy 1952, 1956, 1988, 1992, 1998, 2006
Japan 1968, 1972, 1984, 1998
Norway 1932, 1944, 1952, 1968, 1992, 1994
Sweden 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002
Switzerland 1928, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1976, 2002, 2006, 2010
United States 1932, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1972, 1976dagger, 1980, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sanko, John (12 October 1999). "Colorado only state ever to turn down Olympics". Rocky Mountain News. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Retrieved 15 March 2011.