List of birds

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This is a list relating to extant species of birds. For a list of birds in history and fiction, see List of historical and fictional birds. For extinct birds, please see List of extinct birds, Prehistoric birds and Fossil birds.

This page lists living orders and families of birds. The links below should then lead to family accounts and hence to individual species.

Taxonomy is very fluid in the age of DNA analysis, so comments are made where appropriate, and all numbers are approximate. In particular see Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy for a very different classification.

Phylogeny[edit]

Cladogram of modern bird relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[1] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[2]

Aves

Palaeognathae (ratites etc.)


Neognathae

Galloanserae (ducks, chickens, etc.)


Neoaves
Columbea

Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes)




Columbidae (pigeons)




Mesitornithidae (mesites)



Pteroclididae (sandgrouses)





Passerea


Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)




Cuculidae (cuckoos)




Otididae (bustards)



Musophagidae (turacos)








Opisthocomidae (hoatzin)




Gruiformes (rails and cranes)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)







Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)




Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)



Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)




Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartidae (condors and New World vultures)



Accipitriformes (hawks, eagles, vultures etc.)





Strigiformes (owls)




Coliidae (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatidae (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogonidae (trogons)


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)




Coraciformes (kingfishers etc.)



Piciformes (woodpeckers etc.)









Australaves

Cariamidae (seriemas)


Eufalconimorphae

Falconidae (falcons)


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)












Paleognathae[edit]

The flightless and mostly giant Struthioniformes lack a keeled sternum and are collectively known as ratites. Together with the Tinamiformes, they form the Paleognathae or "old jaws", one of the two evolutionary superorders.

Struthioniformes[edit]

Africa; 2 species.

Rheiformes[edit]

South America; 2 species.

Tinamiformes[edit]

South America; 45 species.

Casuariiformes[edit]

Australasia; 4 species.

Apterygiformes[edit]

Australasia; 5 species.

Neognathae[edit]

Nearly all living birds belong to the superorder of Neognathae or "new jaws". With their keels, unlike the ratites, they are known as carinatae. The passerines alone account for well over 5000 species. In total there are almost 8640 species of birds worldwide.

Galloanserae[edit]

Anseriformes[edit]

Worldwide; 150 species.

Galliformes[edit]

Worldwide; 250 species.

Neoaves[edit]

Columbea[edit]

Podicipediformes[edit]

Worldwide; 19 species; sometimes grouped with Phoenicopteriformes.

Phoenicopteriformes[edit]

Worldwide; 6 species.

Columbiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 300 species.

Passerea[edit]

Caprimulgiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 500 species.

Cuculiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 126 species.

Musophagiformes[edit]

Africa; 23 species.

Otidiiformes[edit]

Old World; 26 species

Opisthocomiformes[edit]

South America; 1 species.

Gruiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 165 species.

Charadriiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 350 species

Eurypygiformes[edit]

Neotropics and New Caledonia; 2 species.

Phaethontiformes[edit]

Oceanic; 3 species.

Gaviiformes[edit]

North America, Eurasia; 5 species.

Sphenisciformes[edit]

Antarctic and southern waters; 17 species.

Procellariiformes[edit]

Pan-oceanic; 120 species.

Ciconiiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 19 species.

Pelecaniformes[edit]

Worldwide; 108 species.

Suliformes[edit]

Worldwide; 59 species.


Accipitriformes[edit]

Worldwide; 200 species.

Strigiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 130 species.

Coliiformes[edit]

Sub-Saharan Africa; 6 species.

Trogoniformes[edit]

Sub-Saharan Africa, Americas, Asia; 35 species.

Coraciiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 144 species.

Bucerotiformes[edit]

Old World, New Guinea; 64 species.

Leptosomatiformes[edit]

Madagascar; 1 species.

Piciformes[edit]

Worldwide except Australasia; 400 species.

Cariamiformes[edit]

South America; 2 species.

Falconiformes[edit]

Worldwide; 60 species.

Psittaciformes[edit]

Pan-tropical, southern temperate zones; 330 species.

Passeriformes[edit]

Worldwide; 5000 species.

See also[edit]

For regions smaller than continents see:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  2. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology 2 (1): 419–444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419.